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Where To File 2012 Taxes

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Where To File 2012 Taxes

Where to file 2012 taxes Publication 938 - Main Content Table of Contents Who May Request Information How To Request Information Who May Request Information The persons listed below, or their agent or representative, should follow the procedures in this publication to request tax information from the representative of the REMIC or the issuer of the CDO. Where to file 2012 taxes Any broker who holds a REMIC regular interest or CDO for itself or as a nominee for an actual holder. Where to file 2012 taxes A middleman who holds a REMIC regular interest or CDO as a nominee for an actual holder and who is required to file an information return with respect to the regular interest or CDO. Where to file 2012 taxes The following persons, if they hold their REMIC regular interest or CDO directly and not through a nominee. Where to file 2012 taxes A corporation. Where to file 2012 taxes A fiscal year taxpayer. Where to file 2012 taxes A dealer in securities or commodities required to register as such under the laws of the United States or a state. Where to file 2012 taxes A real estate investment trust (as defined in section 856). Where to file 2012 taxes An entity registered at all times during the tax year under the Investment Company Act of 1940. Where to file 2012 taxes A common trust fund (as defined in section 584(a)). Where to file 2012 taxes A financial institution such as a mutual savings bank, savings and loan association, building and loan association, cooperative bank, homestead association, credit union, industrial loan association or bank, or other similar organization. Where to file 2012 taxes Any trust that is exempt from tax under section 664(c) (a charitable remainder annuity trust or a charitable remainder unitrust). Where to file 2012 taxes A REMIC. Where to file 2012 taxes Note. Where to file 2012 taxes A person listed in (3) above who holds an interest through a nominee (instead of directly from the REMIC or the issuer of the CDO) should request the information from the nominee instead of from the REMIC or the issuer of the CDO. Where to file 2012 taxes The request should be made of the nominee in the same manner as specified below for requesting information from the representative. Where to file 2012 taxes How To Request Information Use the directory to find the representative of the REMIC or issuer of the CDO. Where to file 2012 taxes You can request information from the representative or issuer by telephone or mail. Where to file 2012 taxes If only an address is listed in the directory, you must request the information in writing. Where to file 2012 taxes Your request must specify the calendar quarters and the classes of REMIC regular interests or CDOs for which you need the information. Where to file 2012 taxes The representative or issuer must provide the information to you by the later of: The 30th day after the close of the calendar quarter for which you request the information, or The 14th day after the receipt of your request. Where to file 2012 taxes The representative or issuer can provide the information to you by telephone, by written statement sent by first class mail, by printing the information in a publication that is generally read by and available to persons who may request the information (for example, a webpage), or by any other method agreed to by both parties. Where to file 2012 taxes If the information is published, the representative or issuer must notify you by telephone or in writing of the publication in which the information will appear, the date of its appearance, and, if possible, the page number. Where to file 2012 taxes Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The Where To File 2012 Taxes

Where to file 2012 taxes 6. Where to file 2012 taxes   Tuition and Fees Deduction Table of Contents IntroductionWhat is the tax benefit of the tuition and fees deduction. Where to file 2012 taxes Can You Claim the DeductionWho Can Claim the Deduction Who Cannot Claim the Deduction What Expenses QualifyQualified Education Expenses No Double Benefit Allowed Expenses That Do Not Qualify Who Is an Eligible Student Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses Figuring the DeductionEffect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Deduction Claiming the Deduction Illustrated Example Introduction You may be able to deduct qualified education expenses paid during the year for yourself, your spouse, or your dependent(s). Where to file 2012 taxes You cannot claim this deduction if your filing status is married filing separately or if another person can claim an exemption for you as a dependent on his or her tax return. Where to file 2012 taxes The qualified expenses must be for higher education, as explained later under Qualified Education Expenses . Where to file 2012 taxes What is the tax benefit of the tuition and fees deduction. Where to file 2012 taxes   The tuition and fees deduction can reduce the amount of your income subject to tax by up to $4,000. Where to file 2012 taxes   This deduction is taken as an adjustment to income. Where to file 2012 taxes This means you can claim this deduction even if you do not itemize deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). Where to file 2012 taxes This deduction may be beneficial to you if you do not qualify for the American opportunity or lifetime learning credits. Where to file 2012 taxes You can choose the education benefit that will give you the lowest tax. Where to file 2012 taxes You may want to compare the tuition and fees deduction to the education credits. Where to file 2012 taxes See chapter 2, American Opportunity Credit and chapter 3, Lifetime Learning Credit for more information on the education credits. Where to file 2012 taxes Table 6-1. Where to file 2012 taxes Tuition and Fees Deduction at a Glance summarizes the features of the tuition and fees deduction. Where to file 2012 taxes Can You Claim the Deduction The following rules will help you determine if you can claim the tuition and fees deduction. Where to file 2012 taxes Who Can Claim the Deduction Generally, you can claim the tuition and fees deduction if all three of the following requirements are met. Where to file 2012 taxes You pay qualified education expenses of higher education. Where to file 2012 taxes You pay the education expenses for an eligible student. Where to file 2012 taxes The eligible student is yourself, your spouse, or your dependent for whom you claim an exemption on your tax return. Where to file 2012 taxes The term “qualified education expenses” is defined later under Qualified Education Expenses . Where to file 2012 taxes “Eligible student” is defined later under Who Is an Eligible Student . Where to file 2012 taxes For more information on claiming the deduction for a dependent, see Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses , later. Where to file 2012 taxes Table 6-1. Where to file 2012 taxes Tuition and Fees Deduction at a Glance Do not rely on this table alone. Where to file 2012 taxes Refer to the text for complete details. Where to file 2012 taxes Question Answer What is the maximum benefit? You can reduce your income subject to tax by up to $4,000. Where to file 2012 taxes What is the limit on modified adjusted gross income (MAGI)? $160,000 if married filing a joint return; $80,000 if single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er). Where to file 2012 taxes Where is the deduction taken? As an adjustment to income on  Form 1040 or Form 1040A. Where to file 2012 taxes For whom must the expenses be paid? A student enrolled in an eligible educational institution who is either: •you,  •your spouse, or  •your dependent for whom you claim an exemption. Where to file 2012 taxes What tuition and fees are deductible? Tuition and fees required for enrollment or attendance at an eligible postsecondary educational institution, but not including personal, living, or family expenses, such as room and board. Where to file 2012 taxes Who Cannot Claim the Deduction You cannot claim the tuition and fees deduction if any of the following apply. Where to file 2012 taxes Your filing status is married filing separately. Where to file 2012 taxes Another person can claim an exemption for you as a dependent on his or her tax return. Where to file 2012 taxes You cannot take the deduction even if the other person does not actually claim that exemption. Where to file 2012 taxes Your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is more than $80,000 ($160,000 if filing a joint return). Where to file 2012 taxes You (or your spouse) were a nonresident alien for any part of 2013 and the nonresident alien did not elect to be treated as a resident alien for tax purposes. Where to file 2012 taxes More information on nonresident aliens can be found in Publication 519. Where to file 2012 taxes What Expenses Qualify The tuition and fees deduction is based on qualified education expenses you pay for yourself, your spouse, or a dependent for whom you claim an exemption on your tax return. Where to file 2012 taxes Generally, the deduction is allowed for qualified education expenses paid in 2013 in connection with enrollment at an institution of higher education during 2013 or for an academic period beginning in 2013 or in the first 3 months of 2014. Where to file 2012 taxes For example, if you paid $1,500 in December 2013 for qualified tuition for the spring 2014 semester beginning in January 2014, you may be able to use that $1,500 in figuring your 2013 deduction. Where to file 2012 taxes Academic period. Where to file 2012 taxes   An academic period includes a semester, trimester, quarter, or other period of study (such as a summer school session) as reasonably determined by an educational institution. Where to file 2012 taxes In the case of an educational institution that uses credit hours or clock hours and does not have academic terms, each payment period can be treated as an academic period. Where to file 2012 taxes Paid with borrowed funds. Where to file 2012 taxes   You can claim a tuition and fees deduction for qualified education expenses paid with the proceeds of a loan. Where to file 2012 taxes Use the expenses to figure the deduction for the year in which the expenses are paid, not the year in which the loan is repaid. Where to file 2012 taxes Treat loan disbursements sent directly to the educational institution as paid on the date the institution credits the student's account. Where to file 2012 taxes Student withdraws from class(es). Where to file 2012 taxes   You can claim a tuition and fees deduction for qualified education expenses not refunded when a student withdraws. Where to file 2012 taxes Qualified Education Expenses For purposes of the tuition and fees deduction, qualified education expenses are tuition and certain related expenses required for enrollment or attendance at an eligible educational institution. Where to file 2012 taxes Eligible educational institution. Where to file 2012 taxes   An eligible educational institution is any college, university, vocational school, or other postsecondary educational institution eligible to participate in a student aid program administered by the U. Where to file 2012 taxes S. Where to file 2012 taxes Department of Education. Where to file 2012 taxes It includes virtually all accredited public, nonprofit, and proprietary (privately owned profit-making) postsecondary institutions. Where to file 2012 taxes The educational institution should be able to tell you if it is an eligible educational institution. Where to file 2012 taxes   Certain educational institutions located outside the United States also participate in the U. Where to file 2012 taxes S. Where to file 2012 taxes Department of Education's Federal Student Aid (FSA) programs. Where to file 2012 taxes Related expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes   Student-activity fees and expenses for course-related books, supplies, and equipment are included in qualified education expenses only if the fees and expenses must be paid to the institution as a condition of enrollment or attendance. Where to file 2012 taxes Prepaid expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes   Qualified education expenses paid in 2013 for an academic period that begins in the first three months of 2014 can be used in figuring an education credit for 2013 only. Where to file 2012 taxes See Academic period , earlier. Where to file 2012 taxes For example, you pay $2,000 in December 2013 for qualified tuition for the 2014 winter quarter that begins in January 2014, you can use that $2,000 in figuring an education credit for 2013 only (if you meet all the other requirements). Where to file 2012 taxes You cannot use any amount you paid in 2012 or 2014 to figure the qualified education expenses you use to figure your 2013 education credit(s). Where to file 2012 taxes In the following examples, assume that each student is an eligible student and each college or university an eligible educational institution. Where to file 2012 taxes Example 1. Where to file 2012 taxes Jackson is a sophomore in University V's degree program in dentistry. Where to file 2012 taxes This year, in addition to tuition, he is required to pay a fee to the university for the rental of the dental equipment he will use in this program. Where to file 2012 taxes Because the equipment rental fee must be paid to University V for enrollment and attendance, Jackson's equipment rental fee is a qualified education expense. Where to file 2012 taxes Example 2. Where to file 2012 taxes Donna and Charles, both first-year students at College W, are required to have certain books and other reading materials to use in their mandatory first-year classes. Where to file 2012 taxes The college has no policy about how students should obtain these materials, but any student who purchases them from College W's bookstore will receive a bill directly from the college. Where to file 2012 taxes Charles bought his books from a friend, so what he paid for them is not a qualified education expense. Where to file 2012 taxes Donna bought hers at College W's bookstore. Where to file 2012 taxes Although Donna paid College W directly for her first-year books and materials, her payment is not a qualified education expense because the books and materials are not required to be purchased from College W for enrollment or attendance at the institution. Where to file 2012 taxes Example 3. Where to file 2012 taxes When Marci enrolled at College X for her freshman year, she had to pay a separate student activity fee in addition to her tuition. Where to file 2012 taxes This activity fee is required of all students, and is used solely to fund on-campus organizations and activities run by students, such as the student newspaper and the student government. Where to file 2012 taxes No portion of the fee covers personal expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes Although labeled as a student activity fee, the fee is required for Marci's enrollment and attendance at College X. Where to file 2012 taxes Therefore, it is a qualified expense. Where to file 2012 taxes No Double Benefit Allowed You cannot do any of the following. Where to file 2012 taxes Deduct qualified education expenses you deduct under any other provision of the law, for example, as a business expense. Where to file 2012 taxes Deduct qualified education expenses for a student on your income tax return if you or anyone else claims an American opportunity or lifetime learning credit for that same student in the same year. Where to file 2012 taxes Deduct qualified education expenses that have been used to figure the tax-free portion of a distribution from a Coverdell education savings account (ESA) or a qualified tuition program (QTP). Where to file 2012 taxes For a QTP, this applies only to the amount of tax-free earnings that were distributed, not to the recovery of contributions to the program. Where to file 2012 taxes See Coordination With Tuition and Fees Deduction in chapter 8, Qualified Tuition Program, later. Where to file 2012 taxes Deduct qualified education expenses that have been paid with tax-free interest on U. Where to file 2012 taxes S. Where to file 2012 taxes savings bonds (Form 8815). Where to file 2012 taxes See Figuring the Tax-Free Amount in chapter 10, Education Savings Bond Program, later. Where to file 2012 taxes Deduct qualified education expenses that have been paid with tax-free educational assistance, such as a scholarship, grant, or assistance provided by an employer. Where to file 2012 taxes See the following section on Adjustments to Qualified Education Expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes Adjustments to Qualified Education Expenses For each student, reduce the qualified education expenses paid by or on behalf of that student under the following rules. Where to file 2012 taxes The result is the amount of adjusted qualified education expenses for each student. Where to file 2012 taxes You must also reduce qualified education expenses by the other amounts referred to in No Double Benefit Allowed , earlier. Where to file 2012 taxes Tax-free educational assistance. Where to file 2012 taxes   For tax-free educational assistance received in 2013, reduce the qualified educational expenses for each academic period by the amount of tax-free educational assistance allocable to that academic period. Where to file 2012 taxes See Academic period , earlier. Where to file 2012 taxes   Some tax-free educational assistance received after 2013 may be treated as a refund of qualified education expenses paid in 2013. Where to file 2012 taxes This tax-free educational assistance is any tax-free educational assistance received by you or anyone else after 2013 for qualified education expenses paid on behalf of a student in 2013 (or attributable to enrollment at an eligible educational institution during 2013). Where to file 2012 taxes   If this tax-free educational assistance is received after 2013 but before you file your 2013 income tax return, see Refunds received after 2013 but before your income tax return is filed , later. Where to file 2012 taxes If this tax-free educational assistance is received after 2013 and after you file your 2013 income tax return, see Refunds received after 2013 and after your income tax return is filed , later. Where to file 2012 taxes   This tax-free education assistance includes: The tax-free part of scholarships and fellowships (see Tax-Free Scholarships and Fellowships in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions), Pell grants (see Pell Grants and Other Title IV Need-Based Education Grants in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions), Employer-provided educational assistance (see chapter 11, Employer-Provided Educational Assistance ), Veterans' educational assistance (see Veterans' Benefits in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions), and Any other nontaxable (tax-free) payments (other than gifts or inheritances) received as educational assistance. Where to file 2012 taxes Generally, any scholarship or fellowship is treated as tax free. Where to file 2012 taxes However, a scholarship or fellowship is not treated as tax free to the extent the student includes it in gross income (if the student is required to file a tax return for the year the scholarship or fellowship is received) and either of the following is true. Where to file 2012 taxes The scholarship or fellowship (or any part of it) must be applied (by its terms) to expenses (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses as defined in Qualified education expenses in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions. Where to file 2012 taxes The scholarship or fellowship (or any part of it) may be applied (by its terms) to expenses (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses as defined in Qualified education expenses in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions. Where to file 2012 taxes You may be able to increase the combined value of an education credit and certain educational assistance if the student includes some or all of the educational assistance in income in the year it is received. Where to file 2012 taxes For details, see Adjustments to Qualified Education Expenses in chapters 2 and 3. Where to file 2012 taxes Refunds. Where to file 2012 taxes   A refund of qualified education expenses may reduce adjusted qualified education expenses for the tax year or require repayment (recapture) of a credit claimed in an earlier year. Where to file 2012 taxes Some tax-free educational assistance received after 2013 may be treated as a refund. Where to file 2012 taxes See Tax-free educational assistance , earlier. Where to file 2012 taxes Refunds received in 2013. Where to file 2012 taxes   For each student, figure the adjusted qualified education expenses for 2013 by adding all the qualified education expenses for 2013 and subtracting any refunds of those expenses received from the eligible educational institution during 2013. Where to file 2012 taxes Refunds received after 2013 but before your income tax return is filed. Where to file 2012 taxes   If anyone receives a refund after 2013 of qualified education expenses paid on behalf of a student in 2013 and the refund is paid before you file an income tax return for 2013, the amount of qualified education expenses for 2013 is reduced by the amount of the refund. Where to file 2012 taxes Refunds received after 2013 and after your income tax return is filed. Where to file 2012 taxes   If anyone receives a refund after 2013 of qualified education expenses paid on behalf of a student in 2013 and the refund is paid after you file an income tax return for 2013, you may need to repay some or all of the credit. Where to file 2012 taxes See Credit recapture , later. Where to file 2012 taxes Coordination with Coverdell education savings accounts and qualified tuition programs. Where to file 2012 taxes   Reduce your qualified education expenses by any qualified education expenses used to figure the exclusion from gross income of (a) interest received under an education savings bond program, or (b) any distribution from a Coverdell education savings account or qualified tuition program (QTP). Where to file 2012 taxes For a QTP, this applies only to the amount of tax-free earnings that were distributed, not to the recovery of contributions to the program. Where to file 2012 taxes Credit recapture. Where to file 2012 taxes    If any tax-free educational assistance for the qualified education expenses paid in 2013 or any refund of your qualified education expenses paid in 2013 is received after you file your 2013 income tax return, you must recapture (repay) any excess credit. Where to file 2012 taxes You do this by refiguring the amount of your adjusted qualified education expenses for 2013 by reducing that amount by the amount of the refund or tax-free educational assistance. Where to file 2012 taxes You then refigure your education credit(s) for 2013 and figure the amount by which your 2013 tax liability would have increased if you had claimed the refigured credit(s). Where to file 2012 taxes Include that amount as an additional tax for the year the refund or tax-free assistance was received. Where to file 2012 taxes Example. Where to file 2012 taxes   You paid $3,500 of qualified education expenses in December 2013, and your child began college in January 2014. Where to file 2012 taxes You claimed $3,500 as the tuition and fees deduction on your 2013 income tax return. Where to file 2012 taxes The reduction reduced your taxable income by $3,500. Where to file 2012 taxes Also, you claimed no tax credits in 2013. Where to file 2012 taxes Your child withdrew from two classes and you received a refund of $2,000 in 2014 after you filed your 2013 tax return. Where to file 2012 taxes Refigure your 2013 tuition and fees deduction using $1,500 of qualified education expense instead of the $3,500. Where to file 2012 taxes The refigured tuition and fees deduction is $1,500. Where to file 2012 taxes Do not file an amended 2013 tax return to account for this adjustment. Where to file 2012 taxes Instead, include the difference of $2,000 (but only to the extent this difference would have increased your 2013 tax) on the “Other income” line of your 2014 Form 1040. Where to file 2012 taxes You cannot file Form 1040A for 2014. Where to file 2012 taxes Amounts that do not reduce qualified education expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes   Do not reduce qualified education expenses by amounts paid with funds the student receives as: Payment for services, such as wages, A loan, A gift, An inheritance, or A withdrawal from the student's personal savings. Where to file 2012 taxes   Do not reduce the qualified education expenses by any scholarship or fellowship reported as income on the student's tax return in the following situations. Where to file 2012 taxes The use of the money is restricted, by the terms of the scholarship or fellowship, to costs of attendance (such as room and board) other than qualified education expenses as defined in Qualified education expenses in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Restrictions. Where to file 2012 taxes The use of the money is not restricted. Where to file 2012 taxes Example 1. Where to file 2012 taxes In 2013, Jackie paid $3,000 for tuition and $5,000 for room and board at University X. Where to file 2012 taxes The university did not require her to pay any fees in addition to her tuition in order to enroll in or attend classes. Where to file 2012 taxes To help pay these costs, she was awarded a $2,000 scholarship and a $4,000 student loan. Where to file 2012 taxes The terms of the scholarship state that it can be used to pay any of Jackie's college expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes University X applies the $2,000 scholarship against Jackie's $8,000 total bill, and Jackie pays the $6,000 balance of her bill from University X with a combination of her student loan and her savings. Where to file 2012 taxes Jackie does not report any portion of the scholarship as income on her tax return. Where to file 2012 taxes In figuring the tuition and fees deduction, Jackie must reduce her qualified education expenses by the amount of the scholarship ($2,000) because she excluded the entire scholarship from her income. Where to file 2012 taxes The student loan is not tax-free educational assistance, so she does not need to reduce her qualified expenses by any part of the loan proceeds. Where to file 2012 taxes Jackie is treated as having paid $1,000 in qualified education expenses ($3,000 tuition – $2,000 scholarship) in 2013. Where to file 2012 taxes Example 2. Where to file 2012 taxes The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that Jackie reports her entire scholarship as income on her tax return. Where to file 2012 taxes Because Jackie reported the entire $2,000 scholarship in her income, she does not need to reduce her qualified education expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes Jackie is treated as having paid $3,000 in qualified education expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes Expenses That Do Not Qualify Qualified education expenses do not include amounts paid for: Insurance, Medical expenses (including student health fees), Room and board, Transportation, or Similar personal, living, or family expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes This is true even if the amount must be paid to the institution as a condition of enrollment or attendance. Where to file 2012 taxes Sports, games, hobbies, and noncredit courses. Where to file 2012 taxes   Qualified education expenses generally do not include expenses that relate to any course of instruction or other education that involves sports, games or hobbies, or any noncredit course. Where to file 2012 taxes However, if the course of instruction or other education is part of the student's degree program, these expenses can qualify. Where to file 2012 taxes Comprehensive or bundled fees. Where to file 2012 taxes   Some eligible educational institutions combine all of their fees for an academic period into one amount. Where to file 2012 taxes If you do not receive, or do not have access to, an allocation showing how much you paid for qualified education expenses and how much you paid for personal expenses, such as those listed above, contact the institution. Where to file 2012 taxes The institution is required to make this allocation and provide you with the amount you paid (or were billed) for qualified education expenses on Form 1098-T. Where to file 2012 taxes See Figuring the Deduction , later, for more information about Form 1098-T. Where to file 2012 taxes Who Is an Eligible Student For purposes of the tuition and fees deduction, an eligible student is a student who is enrolled in one or more courses at an eligible educational institution (as defined under Qualified Education Expenses , earlier). Where to file 2012 taxes Who Can Claim a Dependent's Expenses Generally, in order to claim the tuition and fees deduction for qualified education expenses for a dependent, you must: Have paid the expenses, and Claim an exemption for the student as a dependent. Where to file 2012 taxes For you to be able to deduct qualified education expenses for your dependent, you must claim an exemption for that individual. Where to file 2012 taxes You do this by listing your dependent's name and other required information on Form 1040 (or Form 1040A), line 6c. Where to file 2012 taxes IF your dependent is an eligible student and you. Where to file 2012 taxes . Where to file 2012 taxes . Where to file 2012 taxes AND. Where to file 2012 taxes . Where to file 2012 taxes . Where to file 2012 taxes THEN. Where to file 2012 taxes . Where to file 2012 taxes . Where to file 2012 taxes claim an exemption for your dependent you paid all qualified education expenses for your dependent only you can deduct the qualified education expenses that you paid. Where to file 2012 taxes Your dependent cannot take a deduction. Where to file 2012 taxes claim an exemption for your dependent your dependent paid all qualified education expenses no one is allowed to take a deduction. Where to file 2012 taxes do not claim an exemption for your dependent you paid all qualified education expenses no one is allowed to take a deduction. Where to file 2012 taxes do not claim an exemption for your dependent your dependent paid all qualified education expenses no one is allowed to take a deduction. Where to file 2012 taxes Expenses paid by dependent. Where to file 2012 taxes   If your dependent pays qualified education expenses, no one can take a tuition and fees deduction for those expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes Neither you nor your dependent can deduct the expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes For purposes of the tuition and fees deduction, you are not treated as paying any expenses actually paid by a dependent for whom you or anyone other than the dependent can claim an exemption. Where to file 2012 taxes This rule applies even if you do not claim an exemption for your dependent on your tax return. Where to file 2012 taxes Expenses paid by you. Where to file 2012 taxes   If you claim an exemption for a dependent who is an eligible student, only you can include any expenses you paid when figuring your tuition and fees deduction. Where to file 2012 taxes Expenses paid under divorce decree. Where to file 2012 taxes   Qualified education expenses paid directly to an eligible educational institution for a student under a court-approved divorce decree are treated as paid by the student. Where to file 2012 taxes Only the student would be eligible to take a tuition and fees deduction for that payment, and then only if no one else could claim an exemption for the student. Where to file 2012 taxes Expenses paid by others. Where to file 2012 taxes   Someone other than you, your spouse, or your dependent (such as a relative or former spouse) may make a payment directly to an eligible educational institution to pay for an eligible student's qualified education expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes In this case, the student is treated as receiving the payment from the other person and, in turn, paying the institution. Where to file 2012 taxes If you claim, or can claim, an exemption on your tax return for the student, you are not considered to have paid the expenses and you cannot deduct them. Where to file 2012 taxes If the student is not a dependent, only the student can deduct payments made directly to the institution for his or her expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes If the student is your dependent, no one can deduct the payments. Where to file 2012 taxes Example. Where to file 2012 taxes In 2013, Ms. Where to file 2012 taxes Baker makes a payment directly to an eligible educational institution for her grandson Dan's qualified education expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes For purposes of deducting tuition and fees, Dan is treated as receiving the money from his grandmother and, in turn, paying his own qualified education expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes If an exemption cannot be claimed for Dan on anyone else's tax return, only Dan can claim a tuition and fees deduction for his grandmother's payment. Where to file 2012 taxes If someone else can claim an exemption for Dan, no one will be allowed a deduction for Ms. Where to file 2012 taxes Baker's payment. Where to file 2012 taxes Tuition reduction. Where to file 2012 taxes   When an eligible educational institution provides a reduction in tuition to an employee of the institution (or spouse or dependent child of an employee), the amount of the reduction may or may not be taxable. Where to file 2012 taxes If it is taxable, the employee is treated as receiving a payment of that amount and, in turn, paying it to the educational institution on behalf of the student. Where to file 2012 taxes For more information on tuition reductions, see Qualified Tuition Reduction , in chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions. Where to file 2012 taxes Figuring the Deduction The maximum tuition and fees deduction in 2013 is $4,000, $2,000, or $0, depending on the amount of your MAGI. Where to file 2012 taxes See Effect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Deduction , later. Where to file 2012 taxes Form 1098-T. Where to file 2012 taxes   To help you figure your tuition and fees deduction, the student should receive Form 1098-T (see Appendix A for a completed example of Form 1098-T). Where to file 2012 taxes Generally, an eligible educational institution (such as a college or university) must send Form 1098-T (or acceptable substitute) to each enrolled student by January 31, 2014. Where to file 2012 taxes An institution may choose to report either payments received (box 1), or amounts billed (box 2), for qualified education expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes However, the amount in boxes 1 and 2 of Form 1098-T might be different than what you paid. Where to file 2012 taxes When figuring the deduction, use only the amounts you paid in 2013 for qualified education expenses. Where to file 2012 taxes   In addition, Form 1098-T should give other information for that institution, such as adjustments made for prior years, the amount of scholarships or grants, reimbursements or refunds, and whether the student was enrolled at least half-time or was a graduate student. Where to file 2012 taxes    The eligible educational institution may ask for a completed Form W-9S or similar statement to obtain the student's name, address, and taxpayer identification number. Where to file 2012 taxes Effect of the Amount of Your Income on the Amount of Your Deduction If your MAGI is not more than $65,000 ($130,000 if you are married filing jointly), your maximum tuition and fees deduction is $4,000. Where to file 2012 taxes If your MAGI is larger than $65,000 ($130,000 if you are married filing jointly), but is not more than $80,000 ($160,000 if you are married filing jointly), your maximum deduction is $2,000. Where to file 2012 taxes No tuition and fees deduction is allowed if your MAGI is larger than $80,000 ($160,000 if you are married filing jointly). Where to file 2012 taxes Modified adjusted gross income (MAGI). Where to file 2012 taxes   For most taxpayers, MAGI is adjusted gross income (AGI) as figured on their federal income tax return before subtracting any deduction for tuition and fees. Where to file 2012 taxes However, as discussed below, there may be other modifications. Where to file 2012 taxes MAGI when using Form 1040A. Where to file 2012 taxes   If you file Form 1040A, your MAGI is the AGI on line 22 of that form, figured without taking into account any amount on line 19 (tuition and fees deduction). Where to file 2012 taxes MAGI when using Form 1040. Where to file 2012 taxes   If you file Form 1040, your MAGI is the AGI on line 38 of that form, figured without taking into account any amount on line 34 (tuition and fees deduction) or line 35 (domestic production activities deduction), and modified by adding back any: Foreign earned income exclusion, Foreign housing exclusion, Foreign housing deduction, Exclusion of income by bona fide residents of American Samoa, and Exclusion of income by bona fide residents of Puerto Rico. Where to file 2012 taxes   Table 6-2 shows how the amount of your MAGI can affect your tuition and fees deduction. Where to file 2012 taxes   You can use Worksheet 6-1. Where to file 2012 taxes MAGI for the Tuition and Fees Deduction , later, to figure your MAGI. Where to file 2012 taxes Table 6-2. Where to file 2012 taxes Effect of MAGI on Maximum Tuition and Fees Deduction IF your filing status is. Where to file 2012 taxes . Where to file 2012 taxes . Where to file 2012 taxes AND your MAGI is. Where to file 2012 taxes . Where to file 2012 taxes . Where to file 2012 taxes THEN your maximum tuition and fees deduction is. Where to file 2012 taxes . Where to file 2012 taxes . Where to file 2012 taxes single,  head of household, or qualifying widow(er) not more than $65,000 $4,000. Where to file 2012 taxes more than $65,000  but not more than $80,000 $2,000. Where to file 2012 taxes more than $80,000 $0. Where to file 2012 taxes married filing joint return not more than $130,000 $4,000. Where to file 2012 taxes more than $130,000 but not more than $160,000 $2,000. Where to file 2012 taxes more than $160,000 $0. Where to file 2012 taxes Claiming the Deduction You claim a tuition and fees deduction by completing Form 8917 and submitting it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040A. Where to file 2012 taxes Enter the deduction on Form 1040, line 34, or Form 1040A, line 19. Where to file 2012 taxes A filled-in Form 8917 is shown at the end of this chapter. Where to file 2012 taxes Illustrated Example Tim Pfister, a single taxpayer, enrolled full-time at a local college to earn a degree in engineering. Where to file 2012 taxes This is the first year of his postsecondary education. Where to file 2012 taxes During 2013, he paid $3,600 for his qualified 2013 tuition expense. Where to file 2012 taxes Both he and the college meet all of the requirements for the tuition and fees deduction. Where to file 2012 taxes Tim's total income (Form 1040, line 22) and MAGI are $26,000. Where to file 2012 taxes He figures his deduction of $3,600 as shown on Form 8917, later. Where to file 2012 taxes Worksheet 6-1. Where to file 2012 taxes MAGI for the Tuition and Fees Deduction Use this worksheet if you are filing Form 2555, 2555-EZ, or 4563, or you are excluding income from sources within Puerto Rico. Where to file 2012 taxes Before using this worksheet, you must complete Form 1040, lines 7 through 33, and figure any amount to be entered on the dotted line next to line 36. Where to file 2012 taxes 1. Where to file 2012 taxes Enter the amount from Form 1040, line 22   1. Where to file 2012 taxes         2. Where to file 2012 taxes Enter the total from Form 1040, lines 23 through 33   2. Where to file 2012 taxes               3. Where to file 2012 taxes Enter the total of any amounts entered on the dotted line next to Form 1040, line 36   3. Where to file 2012 taxes               4. Where to file 2012 taxes Add lines 2 and 3   4. Where to file 2012 taxes         5. Where to file 2012 taxes Subtract line 4 from line 1   5. Where to file 2012 taxes         6. Where to file 2012 taxes Enter your foreign earned income exclusion and/or housing  exclusion (Form 2555, line 45, or Form 2555-EZ, line 18)   6. Where to file 2012 taxes         7. Where to file 2012 taxes Enter your foreign housing deduction (Form 2555, line 50)   7. Where to file 2012 taxes         8. Where to file 2012 taxes Enter the amount of income from Puerto Rico you are excluding   8. Where to file 2012 taxes         9. Where to file 2012 taxes Enter the amount of income from American Samoa you are  excluding (Form 4563, line 15)   9. Where to file 2012 taxes         10. Where to file 2012 taxes Add lines 5 through 9. Where to file 2012 taxes This is your modified adjusted gross income   10. Where to file 2012 taxes     Note. Where to file 2012 taxes If the amount on line 10 is more than $80,000 ($160,000 if married filing jointly),  you cannot take the deduction for tuition and fees. Where to file 2012 taxes       This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Where to file 2012 taxes Please click the link to view the image. Where to file 2012 taxes Form 8917 for Tim Pfister Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications