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Consumer Protection Offices

City, county, regional, and state consumer offices offer a variety of important services. They might mediate complaints, conduct investigations, prosecute offenders of consumer laws, license and regulate professional service providers, provide educational materials and advocate for consumer rights. To save time, call before sending a written complaint. Ask if the office handles the type of complaint you have and if complaint forms are provided.

State Consumer Protection Offices

Montana Department of Justice

Website: Montana Department of Justice

Address: Montana Department of Justice
Office of Consumer Protection
2225 11th Ave.
PO Box 200151
Helena, MT 59620-0151

Phone Number: 406-444-4500

Toll-free: 1-800-481-6896

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Banking Authorities

The officials listed in this section regulate and supervise state-chartered banks. Many of them handle or refer problems and complaints about other types of financial institutions as well. Some also answer general questions about banking and consumer credit. If you are dealing with a federally chartered bank, check Federal Agencies.

Division of Banking and Financial Institutions

Website: Division of Banking and Financial Institutions

Address: Division of Banking and Financial Institutions
PO Box 200546
Helena, MT 59620

Phone Number: 406-841-2920

TTY: 406-841-2974

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Insurance Regulators

Each state has its own laws and regulations for each type of insurance. The officials listed in this section enforce these laws. Many of these offices can also provide you with information to help you make informed insurance buying decisions.

Commissioner of Securities and Insurance

Website: Commissioner of Securities and Insurance

Address: Commissioner of Securities and Insurance
Insurance Division
840 Helena Ave.
Helena, MT 59601

Phone Number: 406-444-2040

Toll-free: 1-800-332-6148 (MT)

TTY: 406-444-3246

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Securities Administrators

Each state has its own laws and regulations for securities brokers and securities - including stocks, mutual funds, commodities, real estate, etc. The officials and agencies listed in this section enforce these laws and regulations. Many of these offices can also provide information to help you make informed investment decisions.

State Auditor's Office

Website: State Auditor's Office

Address: State Auditor's Office
Securities Department
840 Helena Ave.
Helena, MT 59601

Phone Number: 406-444-2040

Toll-free: 1-800-332-6148 (MT)

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Utility Commissions

State Utility Commissions regulate services and rates for gas, electricity and telephones within your state. In some states, the utility commissions regulate other services such as water, transportation, and the moving of household goods. Many utility commissions handle consumer complaints. Sometimes, if a number of complaints are received about the same utility matter, they will conduct investigations.

Public Service Commission

Website: Public Service Commission

Address: Public Service Commission
PO Box 202601
Helena, MT 59620-2601

Phone Number: 406-444-6150

Toll-free: 1-800-646-6150 (MT)

TTY: 406-444-4212

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The Tax Software Free

Tax software free Publication 3 - Main Content Table of Contents Gross IncomeForeign Source Income Military Spouses Residency Relief Act (MSRRA) Community Property Form W-2 Codes Adjustments to IncomeArmed Forces Reservists Individual Retirement Arrangements Moving Expenses Combat Zone ExclusionCombat Zone Serving in a Combat Zone Amount of Exclusion Alien StatusResident Aliens Nonresident Aliens Dual-Status Aliens Sale of HomePeriod of suspension. Tax software free Qualified official extended duty. Tax software free ForeclosuresLump Sum Portion of Settlement Payment. Tax software free Interest Payment on Lump Sum Portion of Settlement Payment. Tax software free Lost Equity Portion of Settlement Payment. Tax software free The rules that apply to a lost equity payment you received for the foreclosure of a property that was not your main home are different. Tax software free Interest Payment on Lost Equity Portion of Settlement Payment. Tax software free Itemized DeductionsEmployee Business Expenses Repayments CreditsFirst-Time Homebuyer Credit Child Tax Credit Earned Income Credit Credit for Excess Social Security Tax Withheld Forgiveness of Decedent's Tax LiabilityCombat Zone Related Forgiveness Terrorist or Military Action Related Forgiveness Claims for Tax Forgiveness Filing ReturnsSame-Sex Marriage Where To File When To File Signing Returns Extension of DeadlinesService That Qualifies for an Extension of Deadline Length of Extension Actions for Which Deadlines Are Extended Deferral of Payment Maximum Rate of Interest How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics Gross Income Members of the Armed Forces receive many different types of pay and allowances. Tax software free Some are included in gross income while others are excluded from gross income. Tax software free Included items (Table 1) are subject to tax and must be reported on your tax return. Tax software free Excluded items (Table 2) are not subject to tax, but may have to be shown on your tax return. Tax software free For information on the exclusion of pay for service in a combat zone and other tax benefits for combat zone participants, see Combat Zone Exclusion and Extension of Deadlines , later. Tax software free Table 1. Tax software free Included Items These items are included in gross income, unless the pay is for service in a combat zone. Tax software free Basic pay • Active duty   Bonus pay • Career status   • Attendance at a designated service school     • Enlistment  • Officer   • Back wages     • Overseas extension   • CONUS COLA       • Reenlistment   • Drills         • Reserve training         • Training duty   Other pay  • Accrued leave          • High deployment per diem Special • Aviation career incentives      • Personal money allowances paid to pay • Career sea     high-ranking officers   • Diving duty      • Student loan repayment from programs   • Foreign duty (outside the 48 contiguous     such as the Department of Defense   states and the District of Columbia)     Educational Loan Repayment Program   • Foreign language proficiency     when year's service (requirement) is not   • Hardship duty     attributable to a combat zone   • Hostile fire or imminent danger         • Medical and dental officers   Incentive pay  • Submarine   • Nuclear-qualified officers      • Flight   • Optometry      • Hazardous duty   • Pharmacy      • High altitude/Low Opening (HALO)   • Special compensation for assistance with activities of daily living (SCAADL)         • Special duty assignment pay         • Veterinarian         • Voluntary Separation Incentive       Basic allowance for housing (BAH). Tax software free   You can still deduct mortgage interest and real estate taxes on your home if you pay these expenses with your BAH. Tax software free Table 2. Tax software free Excluded Items The exclusion for certain items applies whether the item is furnished in kind or is a reimbursement or allowance. Tax software free There is no exclusion for the personal use of a government-provided vehicle. Tax software free Combat  zone pay • Compensation for active service while in a combat zone Note: Limited amount for officers     • Housing and cost-of-living allowances abroad paid by the U. Tax software free S. Tax software free Government or by a foreign government         • OHA (Overseas Housing Allowance)                     Other pay • Defense counseling         • Disability, including payments received for injuries incurred as a direct result of a terrorist or military action         • Group-term life insurance   Moving • Dislocation   • Professional education   allowances • Military base realignment and   • ROTC educational and subsistence     closure benefit    allowances     (the exclusion is limited as   • State bonus pay for service in a     described above)   combat zone     • Move-in housing   • Survivor and retirement protection     • Moving household and   plan premiums     personal items   • Uniform allowances     • Moving trailers or mobile homes   • Uniforms furnished to enlisted     • Storage   personnel     • Temporary lodging and         temporary lodging expenses                 Travel • Annual round trip for dependent Death • Burial services   allowances students allowances • Death gratuity payments to     • Leave between consecutive   eligible survivors     overseas tours   • Travel of dependents to burial site     • Reassignment in a dependent         restricted status Family • Certain educational expenses for     • Transportation for you or your allowances dependents     dependents during ship overhaul   • Emergencies     or inactivation   • Evacuation to a place of safety     • Per diem   • Separation             In-kind military • Dependent-care assistance program Living • BAH (Basic Allowance for Housing)   benefits • Legal assistance allowances • BAS (Basic Allowance for Subsistence)     • Medical/dental care         • Commissary/exchange discounts         • Space-available travel on government aircraft           Death gratuity. Tax software free   Any death gratuity paid to a survivor of a member of the Armed Forces is excluded from gross income. Tax software free Differential wage payments. Tax software free   Differential wage payments are any payments made by an employer to an individual for a period during which the individual is performing service in the uniformed services while on active duty for a period of more than 30 days and that represent all or a portion of the wages the individual would have received from the employer if the individual was performing services for the employer. Tax software free These amounts are taxable and cannot be excluded as combat pay. Tax software free Military base realignment and closure benefit. Tax software free   Payments made under the Homeowners Assistance Program (HAP) generally are excluded from income. Tax software free However, the excludable amount cannot be more than the maximum amount described in subsection (c) of 42 USC 3374 as in effect on November 6, 2009. Tax software free Any part of the payment that is more than this limit is included in gross income. Tax software free For more information about the HAP, see http://hap. Tax software free usace. Tax software free army. Tax software free mil/Overview. Tax software free html. Tax software free Qualified reservist distribution (QRD). Tax software free   A QRD is a distribution to an individual of all or part of the individual's balance in a cafeteria plan or health flexible spending arrangement if: The individual was a reservist who was ordered or called to active duty for more than 179 days or for an indefinite period, and The distribution is made no sooner than the date the reservist was ordered or called to active duty and no later than the last day reimbursements could otherwise be made under the arrangement for the plan year which includes the date of the order or the call to duty. Tax software free A QRD is included in gross income and is subject to employment taxes. Tax software free The employer must include the QRD (reduced by after-tax contributions to the health flexible spending arrangement) as wages on Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement. Tax software free Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) distributions. Tax software free   If you participate in the Uniformed Services TSP and receive a distribution from your account, the distribution is generally included in your taxable income. Tax software free   If your contributions included tax-exempt combat zone pay, the part of the distribution attributable to those contributions is tax exempt. Tax software free However, the earnings on the tax-exempt portion of the distribution are taxable. Tax software free The TSP will provide a statement showing the taxable and non-taxable portions of the distribution. Tax software free Roth Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) balance. Tax software free   You may be able to contribute to a designated Roth Account through the TSP known as the Roth TSP. Tax software free Roth TSP contributions are after-tax contributions, subject to the same contribution limits as the traditional TSP. Tax software free Qualified distributions from a Roth TSP are not included in your income. Tax software free For more details, see Thrift Savings Accounts in Part II of Publication 721, Tax Guide to U. Tax software free S. Tax software free Civil Service Retirement Benefits. Tax software free State bonus payments. Tax software free   Bonus payments made by a state (or a political subdivision thereof) to a member or former member of the uniformed services of the United States or to a dependent of such member are considered combat pay (and therefore may not be taxable) if the payments are made only because of the member's service in a combat zone. Tax software free See Combat Zone , later, for a list of designated combat zones. Tax software free Foreign Source Income If you are a U. Tax software free S. Tax software free citizen with income from sources outside the United States (foreign income), you must report all of that income (except for amounts that U. Tax software free S. Tax software free law allows you to exclude) on your tax return. Tax software free This is true whether you reside inside or outside the United States and whether or not you receive a Form W-2 or a Form 1099. Tax software free This applies to earned income (such as wages and tips) as well as unearned income (such as interest, dividends, capital gains, pensions, rents, and royalties). Tax software free Certain taxpayers can exclude income earned in foreign countries. Tax software free For 2013, this exclusion amount can be as much as $97,600. Tax software free However, the foreign earned income exclusion does not apply to the wages and salaries of military and civilian employees of the U. Tax software free S. Tax software free Government. Tax software free Employees of the U. Tax software free S. Tax software free Government include those who work at United States Armed Forces exchanges, commissioned and noncommissioned officers' messes, Armed Forces motion picture services, and similar personnel. Tax software free Other foreign income earned by military personnel or their spouses may be eligible for the foreign earned income exclusion. Tax software free For more information on the exclusion, see Publication 54. Tax software free Residents of American Samoa may be able to exclude income from American Samoa. Tax software free This possession exclusion does not apply to wages and salaries of military and civilian employees of the U. Tax software free S. Tax software free Government. Tax software free If you need information on the possession exclusion, see Publication 570, Tax Guide for Individuals With Income From U. Tax software free S. Tax software free Possessions. Tax software free Military Spouses Residency Relief Act (MSRRA) If you are the civilian spouse of an active duty U. Tax software free S. Tax software free military servicemember and your domicile is the same as the servicemember's, you can choose to keep your prior residence or domicile for tax purposes when you accompany the servicemember spouse, who is relocating under military orders to a new duty station in one of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, or a U. Tax software free S. Tax software free possession. Tax software free See Publication 570 for more information. Tax software free Domicile. Tax software free   Your domicile is the permanent legal home you intend to use for an indefinite or unlimited period, and to which, when absent, you intend to return. Tax software free It is not always where you presently live. Tax software free Community Property The pay you earn as a member of the Armed Forces may be subject to community property laws depending on your marital status, your domicile, and the nature of the payment. Tax software free The community property states are Arizona, California, Idaho, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin. Tax software free Marital status. Tax software free   Community property rules apply to married persons whose domicile during the tax year was in a community property state. Tax software free The rules may affect your tax liability if you file separate returns or are divorced during the year. Tax software free Nevada, Washington, and California domestic partners. Tax software free   A registered domestic partner in Nevada, Washington, or California generally must report half the combined income of the individual and his or her domestic partner. Tax software free See Form 8958 and Publication 555, Community Property. Tax software free Nature of the payment. Tax software free   Active duty military pay is subject to community property laws. Tax software free Armed Forces retired or retainer pay may be subject to community property laws. Tax software free   For more information on community property laws, see Publication 555. Tax software free Form W-2 Codes Form W-2 shows your total pay and other compensation and the income tax, social security tax, and Medicare tax that was withheld during the year. Tax software free Form W-2 also shows other amounts that you may find important in box 12. Tax software free The amounts shown in box 12 are generally preceded by a code. Tax software free A list of codes used in box 12 is shown, next. Tax software free Form W-2 Reference Guide for Box 12 Codes A Uncollected social security or RRTA J Nontaxable sick pay T Adoption benefits   tax on tips             K 20% excise tax on excess golden V Income from exercise of B Uncollected Medicare tax on tips   parachute payments   nonstatutory stock option(s)             C Taxable cost of group-term life L Substantiated employee business W Employer contributions (including   insurance over $50,000   expense reimbursements   employee contributions through a           cafeteria plan) to an employee's D Elective deferrals under a section M Uncollected social security or RRTA   health savings account (HSA)   401(k) cash or deferred arrangement   tax on taxable cost of group-term life       plan (including a SIMPLE 401(k)   insurance over $50,000 (former Y Deferrals under a section 409A   arrangement)   employees only)   nonqualified deferred           compensation plan E Elective deferrals under a section N Uncollected Medicare tax on taxable       403(b) salary reduction agreement   cost of group-term life insurance Z Income under section 409A on a       over $50,000 (former employees only)   nonqualified deferred F Elective deferrals under a section       compensation plan   408(k)(6) salary reduction SEP P Excludable moving expense           reimbursements paid directly to AA Designated Roth contributions G Elective deferrals and employer   employee   under a section 401(k) plan   contributions (including nonelective           deferrals) to a section 457(b) Q Nontaxable combat pay BB Designated Roth contributions   deferred compensation plan       under a section 403(b) plan     R Employer contributions to an Archer     H Elective deferrals to a section   MSA DD Cost of employer-sponsored   501(c)(18)(D) tax-exempt       health coverage   organization plan S Employee salary reduction contributions under a section 408(p) SIMPLE  EE  Designated Roth contributions under a governmental section 457(b) plan  Note. Tax software free For more information on these codes, see your Form(s) W-2. Tax software free Adjustments to Income Adjusted gross income is your total income minus certain adjustments. Tax software free The following adjustments are of particular interest to members of the Armed Forces. Tax software free Armed Forces Reservists If you are a member of a reserve component of the Armed Forces and you travel more than 100 miles away from home in connection with your performance of services as a member of the reserves, you can deduct your unreimbursed travel expenses as an adjustment to income on line 24 of Form 1040, U. Tax software free S. Tax software free Individual Income Tax Return, rather than as a miscellaneous itemized deduction. Tax software free Include all unreimbursed expenses from the time you leave home until the time you return home. Tax software free The deduction is limited to the amount the federal government generally reimburses its employees for travel expenses. Tax software free For more information about this limit, see Per Diem and Car Allowances in chapter 6 of Publication 463. Tax software free Member of a reserve component. Tax software free   You are a member of a reserve component of the Armed Forces if you are in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, or Coast Guard Reserve, the Army National Guard of the United States, the Air National Guard of the United States, or the Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service. Tax software free How to report. Tax software free   If you have reserve-related travel that takes you more than 100 miles from home, you should first complete Form 2106, Employee Business Expenses, or Form 2106-EZ, Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses. Tax software free Then enter on Form 1040, line 24, the part of your expenses, up to the federal rate, included on Form 2106, line 10, or Form 2106-EZ, line 6, that is for reserve-related travel more than 100 miles from your home. Tax software free Subtract this amount from the total on Form 2106, line 10, or Form 2106-EZ, line 6, and deduct the balance as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21. Tax software free Example. Tax software free Captain Harris, a member of the Army Reserve, traveled to a location 220 miles from his home to perform his work in the reserves in April 2013. Tax software free He incurred $1,549 of unreimbursed expenses consisting of $249 for mileage (440 miles × 56. Tax software free 5 cents per mile), $300 for meals, and $1,000 for lodging. Tax software free He also had other deductible mileage expenses of $110 for several trips to a location 20 miles from his home. Tax software free Only 50% of his meal expenses are deductible. Tax software free He shows his total deductible travel expenses of $1,509 ($249 + $150 (50% of $300) + $1,000 + $110) on Form 2106, line 10. Tax software free He enters the $1,399 ($249 + $150 + $1,000) for travel over 100 miles from home on Form 1040, line 24. Tax software free He then subtracts that $1,399 from the amount on Form 2106, $1,509, and enters $110 on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 21. Tax software free Individual Retirement Arrangements Generally, you can deduct the lesser of the contributions to your traditional individual retirement arrangement (IRA) for the year or the general limit (or spousal IRA limit, if applicable). Tax software free However, if you or your spouse was covered by an employer-maintained retirement plan at any time during the year for which contributions were made, you may not be able to deduct all of the contributions. Tax software free The Form W-2 you or your spouse receives from an employer has a box used to indicate whether you were covered for the year. Tax software free The “Retirement plan” box should have a mark in it if you were covered. Tax software free For purposes of a deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA, Armed Forces members (including reservists on active duty for more than 90 days during the year) are considered covered by an employer-maintained retirement plan. Tax software free Individuals serving in the U. Tax software free S. Tax software free Armed Forces or in support of the U. Tax software free S. Tax software free Armed Forces in designated combat zones have additional time to make a qualified retirement contribution to an IRA. Tax software free For more information on this extension of deadline provision, see Extension of Deadlines , later. Tax software free For more information on IRAs, see Publication 590. Tax software free Combat Pay For IRA purposes, your compensation includes nontaxable combat pay. Tax software free This means that even though you do not have to include the combat pay in your gross income, you do include it in your compensation when figuring the limits on contributions and deductions of contributions to IRAs. Tax software free Qualified Reservist Distributions A qualified reservist distribution is defined below. Tax software free It is not subject to the 10% additional tax on early distributions from certain retirement plans. Tax software free Definition. Tax software free   A distribution you receive is a qualified reservist distribution if the following requirements are met. Tax software free You were ordered or called to active duty after September 11, 2001. Tax software free You were ordered or called to active duty for a period of more than 179 days or for an indefinite period because you are a member of a reserve component (see Member of a reserve component , earlier, under Armed Forces Reservists. Tax software free ) The distribution is from an IRA or from amounts attributable to elective deferrals under a section 401(k) or 403(b) plan or a similar arrangement. Tax software free The distribution was made no earlier than the date of the order or call to active duty and no later than the close of the active duty period. Tax software free Qualified Reservist Repayments You may be able to contribute (repay) to an IRA amounts equal to any qualified reservist distributions (defined earlier) you received. Tax software free You can make these repayment contributions even if they would cause your total contributions to the IRA to be more than the general limit on contributions. Tax software free You make these repayment contributions to an IRA, even if you received the qualified reservist distribution from a section 401(k) or 403(b) plan or a similar arrangement. Tax software free Limit. Tax software free   Your qualified reservist repayments cannot be more than your qualified reservist distributions. Tax software free When repayment contributions can be made. Tax software free   You cannot make these repayment contributions after the date that is 2 years after your active duty period ends. Tax software free No deduction. Tax software free   You cannot deduct qualified reservist repayments. Tax software free Figuring your IRA deduction. Tax software free   The repayment of qualified reservist distributions does not affect the amount you can deduct as an IRA contribution. Tax software free Reporting the repayment. Tax software free   If you repay a qualified reservist distribution, include the amount of the repayment with nondeductible contributions on line 1 of Form 8606, Nondeductible IRAs. Tax software free Moving Expenses To deduct moving expenses, you generally must meet certain time and distance tests. Tax software free However, if you are a member of the Armed Forces on active duty and you move because of a permanent change of station, you do not have to meet these tests. Tax software free You can deduct your unreimbursed moving expenses on Form 3903. Tax software free Permanent change of station. Tax software free   A permanent change of station includes: A move from your home to your first post of active duty, A move from one permanent post of duty to another, and A move from your last post of duty to your home or to a nearer point in the United States. Tax software free The move must occur within 1 year of ending your active duty or within the period allowed under the Joint Federal Travel Regulations. Tax software free Spouse and dependents. Tax software free   If you are the spouse or dependent of a member of the Armed Forces who deserts, is imprisoned, or dies, a permanent change of station for you includes a move to: The member's place of enlistment or induction, Your, or the member's, home of record, or A nearer point in the United States. Tax software free   If the military moves you to or from a different location than the member, the moves are treated as a single move to your new main job location. Tax software free Services or reimbursements provided by the government. Tax software free   Do not include in your income the value of moving and storage services provided by the government because of a permanent change of station. Tax software free Similarly, do not include in income amounts received as a dislocation allowance, temporary lodging expense, temporary lodging allowance, or move-in housing allowance. Tax software free   Generally, if the total reimbursements or allowances that you receive from the government because of the move are more than your actual moving expenses, the excess is included in your wages on Form W-2. Tax software free However, if any reimbursements or allowances (other than dislocation, temporary lodging, temporary lodging expense, or move-in housing allowances) exceed the cost of moving and the excess is not included in your wages on Form W-2, the excess still must be included in gross income on Form 1040, line 7. Tax software free   Use Form 3903 to deduct qualified expenses that exceed your reimbursements and allowances (including dislocation, temporary lodging, temporary lodging expense, or move-in housing allowances that are excluded from gross income). Tax software free   If you must relocate and your spouse and dependents move to or from a different location, do not include in income reimbursements, allowances, or the value of moving and storage services provided by the government to move you and your spouse and dependents to and from the separate locations. Tax software free   Do not deduct any expenses for moving services that were provided by the government. Tax software free Also, do not deduct any expenses that were reimbursed by an allowance you did not include in income. Tax software free Deductible Moving Expenses If you move because of a permanent change of station, you can deduct the reasonable unreimbursed expenses of moving you and members of your household. Tax software free You can deduct expenses (if not reimbursed or furnished in kind) for: Moving household goods and personal effects, and Travel. Tax software free Moving household goods and personal effects. Tax software free   You can deduct the expenses of moving your household goods and personal effects, including expenses for hauling a trailer, packing, crating, in-transit storage, and insurance. Tax software free You cannot deduct expenses for moving furniture or other goods you bought on the way from your old home to your new home. Tax software free Storing and insuring household goods and personal effects. Tax software free   You can include only the cost of storing and insuring your household goods and personal effects within any period of 30 consecutive days after the day these goods and effects are moved from your former home and before they are delivered to your new home. Tax software free Travel. Tax software free   You can deduct the expenses of traveling (including lodging but not meals) from your old home to your new home, including car expenses and air fare. Tax software free You can deduct as car expenses either: Your actual out-of-pocket expenses such as gas and oil, or The standard mileage rate of 24 cents a mile. Tax software free   You can add parking fees and tolls to the amount claimed under either method. Tax software free You cannot deduct any expenses for meals. Tax software free You cannot deduct the cost of unnecessary side trips or lavish and extravagant lodging. Tax software free Member of your household. Tax software free   A member of your household is anyone who has both your former home and your new home as his or her main home. Tax software free It does not include a tenant or employee unless you can claim that person as a dependent. Tax software free Foreign Moves A foreign move is a move from the United States or its possessions to a foreign country or from one foreign country to another foreign country. Tax software free A move from a foreign country to the United States or its possessions is not a foreign move. Tax software free For a foreign move, the deductible moving expenses described earlier are expanded to include the reasonable expenses of: Moving your household goods and personal effects to and from storage, and Storing these items for part or all of the time the new job location remains your main job location. Tax software free The new job location must be outside the United States. Tax software free Reporting Moving Expenses Figure moving expense deductions on Form 3903. Tax software free Carry the deduction from Form 3903 to Form 1040, line 26. Tax software free For more information, see Publication 521 and Form 3903. Tax software free Combat Zone Exclusion If you are a member of the U. Tax software free S. Tax software free Armed Forces who serves in a combat zone (defined later), you can exclude certain pay from your income. Tax software free This pay is generally referred to as “combat pay. Tax software free ” You do not actually need to show the exclusion on your tax return because income that qualifies for the combat zone exclusion is not included in the wages reported on your Form W-2. Tax software free (See Form W-2 , later. Tax software free ) The month for which you receive the pay must be a month in which you either served in a combat zone or were hospitalized as a result of wounds, disease, or injury incurred while serving in the combat zone. Tax software free You do not have to receive the excluded pay while you are in a combat zone, are hospitalized, or in the same year you served in a combat zone. Tax software free If you are an enlisted member, warrant officer, or commissioned warrant officer, you can exclude the following amounts from your income. Tax software free (Other officer personnel are discussed under Amount of Exclusion , later. Tax software free ) Active duty pay earned in any month you served in a combat zone. Tax software free Imminent danger/hostile fire pay. Tax software free A reenlistment bonus if the voluntary extension or reenlistment occurs in a month you served in a combat zone. Tax software free Pay for accrued leave earned in any month you served in a combat zone. Tax software free The Department of Defense must determine that the unused leave was earned during that period. Tax software free Pay received for duties as a member of the Armed Forces in clubs, messes, post and station theaters, and other nonappropriated fund activities. Tax software free The pay must be earned in a month you served in a combat zone. Tax software free Awards for suggestions, inventions, or scientific achievements you are entitled to because of a submission you made in a month you served in a combat zone. Tax software free Student loan repayments. Tax software free If the entire year of service required to earn the repayment was performed in a combat zone, the entire repayment made because of that year of service is excluded. Tax software free If only part of that year of service was performed in a combat zone, only part of the repayment qualifies for exclusion. Tax software free For example, if you served in a combat zone for 5 months, 5/12 of your repayment qualifies for exclusion. Tax software free Retirement pay and pensions do not qualify for the combat zone exclusion. Tax software free Partial (month) service. Tax software free   If you serve in a combat zone for any part of one or more days during a particular month, you are entitled to an exclusion for that entire month. Tax software free Form W-2. Tax software free   The wages shown in box 1 of your 2013 Form W-2 should not include military pay excluded from your income under the combat zone exclusion provisions. Tax software free If it does, you will need to get a corrected Form W-2 from your finance office. Tax software free   You cannot exclude as combat pay any wages shown in box 1 of Form W-2. Tax software free Combat Zone A combat zone is any area the President of the United States designates by Executive Order as an area in which the U. Tax software free S. Tax software free Armed Forces are engaging or have engaged in combat. Tax software free An area usually becomes a combat zone and ceases to be a combat zone on the dates the President designates by Executive Order. Tax software free Afghanistan area. Tax software free   By Executive Order No. Tax software free 13239, Afghanistan (and airspace above) was designated as a combat zone beginning September 19, 2001. Tax software free On December 14, 2001, the following countries were certified by the Department of Defense for combat zone tax benefits due to their direct support of military operations in the Afghanistan combat zone. Tax software free Djibouti. Tax software free Jordan. Tax software free Kyrgyzstan. Tax software free Pakistan. Tax software free Somalia. Tax software free Syria. Tax software free Tajikistan. Tax software free Uzbekistan. Tax software free Yemen. Tax software free The Philippines. Tax software free  Note. Tax software free For the Philippines only, the personnel must be deployed in conjunction with Operation Enduring Freedom supporting military operations in the Afghanistan combat zone. Tax software free The Kosovo area. Tax software free   By Executive Order No. Tax software free 13119, the following locations (including airspace above) were designated as a combat zone beginning March 24, 1999. Tax software free Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia/Montenegro). Tax software free Albania. Tax software free Kosovo. Tax software free The Adriatic Sea. Tax software free The Ionian Sea—north of the 39th parallel. Tax software free Note. Tax software free The combat zone designation for Montenegro and Kosovo (previously a province within Serbia) under Executive Order 13119 remains in force even though Montenegro and Kosovo became independent nations since EO 13119 was signed. Tax software free Arabian peninsula. Tax software free   By Executive Order No. Tax software free 12744, the following locations (and airspace above) were designated as a combat zone beginning January 17, 1991. Tax software free The Persian Gulf. Tax software free The Red Sea. Tax software free The Gulf of Oman. Tax software free The part of the Arabian Sea that is north of 10 degrees north latitude and west of 68 degrees east longitude. Tax software free The Gulf of Aden. Tax software free The total land areas of Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Tax software free Jordan which is in direct support of the Arabian Peninsula. Tax software free Serving in a Combat Zone You are considered to be serving in a combat zone if you are either assigned on official temporary duty to a combat zone or you qualify for hostile fire/imminent danger pay while in a combat zone. Tax software free Service in a combat zone includes any periods you are absent from duty because of sickness, wounds, or leave. Tax software free If, as a result of serving in a combat zone, a person becomes a prisoner of war or is missing in action, that person is considered to be serving in the combat zone so long as he or she keeps that status for military pay purposes. Tax software free Hospitalized While Serving in a Combat Zone If you are hospitalized while serving in a combat zone, the wound, disease, or injury causing the hospitalization will be presumed to have been incurred while serving in the combat zone unless there is clear evidence to the contrary. Tax software free Example. Tax software free You are hospitalized for a specific disease in a combat zone where you have been serving for 3 weeks, and the disease for which you are hospitalized has an incubation period of 2 to 4 weeks. Tax software free The disease is presumed to have been incurred while you were serving in the combat zone. Tax software free On the other hand, if the incubation period of the disease is 1 year, the disease would not have been incurred while you were serving in the combat zone. Tax software free Hospitalized After Leaving a Combat Zone In some cases, the wound, disease, or injury may have been incurred while you were serving in the combat zone, even though you were not hospitalized until after you left. Tax software free In that case, you can exclude military pay earned while you are hospitalized as a result of the wound, disease, or injury. Tax software free Example. Tax software free You were hospitalized for a specific disease 3 weeks after you left the combat zone. Tax software free The incubation period of the disease is from 2 to 4 weeks. Tax software free The disease is presumed to have been incurred while serving in the combat zone. Tax software free Nonqualifying Presence in Combat Zone None of the following types of military service qualify as service in a combat zone. Tax software free Presence in a combat zone while on leave from a duty station located outside the combat zone. Tax software free Passage over or through a combat zone during a trip between two points that are outside a combat zone. Tax software free Presence in a combat zone solely for your personal convenience. Tax software free Service Outside Combat Zone Considered Service in Combat Zone Military service outside a combat zone is considered to be performed in a combat zone if: The Department of Defense designates that the service is in direct support of military operations in the combat zone, and The service qualifies you for special military pay for duty subject to hostile fire or imminent danger. Tax software free Military pay received for this service will qualify for the combat zone exclusion if all of the requirements (other than service in a combat zone) are met and the pay is verifiable by reference to military pay records. Tax software free Amount of Exclusion If you are an enlisted member, warrant officer, or commissioned warrant officer and you serve in a combat zone during any part of a month, you can exclude all of your military pay for that month. Tax software free It should not be included in the wages reported on your Form W-2. Tax software free You also can exclude military pay earned while you are hospitalized as a result of wounds, disease, or injury incurred in the combat zone. Tax software free If you are hospitalized, you cannot exclude any military pay received for any month of service that begins more than 2 years after the end of combat activities in the combat zone. Tax software free Your hospitalization does not have to be in the combat zone. Tax software free If you are a commissioned officer (other than a commissioned warrant officer), you can exclude your pay according to the rules just discussed. Tax software free However, the amount of your exclusion is limited to the highest rate of enlisted pay (plus imminent danger/hostile fire pay you received) for each month during any part of which you served in a combat zone or were hospitalized as a result of your service there. Tax software free Alien Status For tax purposes, an alien is an individual who is not a U. Tax software free S. Tax software free citizen. Tax software free An alien is in one of three categories: resident, nonresident, or dual-status. Tax software free Placement in the correct category is crucial in determining what income to report and what forms to file. Tax software free Under peacetime enlistment rules, you generally cannot enlist in the Armed Forces unless you are a citizen or have been legally admitted to the United States for permanent residence. Tax software free If you are an alien enlistee in the Armed Forces, you are probably a resident alien. Tax software free If, under an income tax treaty, you are considered a resident of a foreign country, see your base legal officer. Tax software free Other aliens who are in the United States only because of military assignments and who have a home outside the United States are nonresident aliens. Tax software free Guam and Puerto Rico have special rules. Tax software free Residents of those areas should contact their taxing authority with their questions. Tax software free Most members of the Armed Forces are U. Tax software free S. Tax software free citizens or resident aliens. Tax software free However, if you have questions about your alien status or the alien status of your dependents or spouse, you should read the information in the following paragraphs and see Publication 519. Tax software free Resident Aliens You are considered a resident alien of the United States for tax purposes if you meet either the “green card test” or the “substantial presence test” for the calendar year (January 1–December 31). Tax software free If you meet the substantial presence test for 2014, you did not meet either the green card test or the substantial presence test for 2012 or 2013, and you did not choose to be treated as a resident for part of 2012, you may be able to choose to be treated as a U. Tax software free S. Tax software free resident for part of 2013. Tax software free See First-Year Choice in Publication 519. Tax software free These tests are explained in Publication 519. Tax software free Generally, resident aliens are taxed on their worldwide income and file the same tax forms as U. Tax software free S. Tax software free citizens. Tax software free Treating nonresident alien spouse as resident alien. Tax software free   A nonresident alien spouse can be treated as a resident alien if all the following conditions are met. Tax software free One spouse is a U. Tax software free S. Tax software free citizen or resident alien at the end of the tax year. Tax software free That spouse is married to the nonresident alien at the end of the tax year. Tax software free You both choose to treat the nonresident alien spouse as a resident alien. Tax software free Making the choice. Tax software free   Both you and your spouse must sign a statement and attach it to your joint return for the first tax year for which the choice applies. Tax software free Include in the statement: A declaration that one spouse was a nonresident alien and the other was a U. Tax software free S. Tax software free citizen or resident alien on the last day of the year, A declaration that both spouses choose to be treated as U. Tax software free S. Tax software free residents for the entire tax year, and The name, address, and taxpayer identification number (social security number or individual taxpayer identification number) of each spouse. Tax software free If the nonresident alien spouse is not eligible to get a social security number, he or she should file Form W-7, Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number. Tax software free    Once you make this choice, the nonresident alien spouse's worldwide income is subject to U. Tax software free S. Tax software free tax. Tax software free If the nonresident alien spouse has substantial foreign income, there may be no advantage to making this choice. Tax software free Ending the choice. Tax software free   Once you make this choice, it applies to all later years unless one of the following situations occurs. Tax software free You or your spouse revokes the choice. Tax software free You or your spouse dies. Tax software free You and your spouse become legally separated under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance. Tax software free The Internal Revenue Service ends the choice because you or your spouse kept inadequate records. Tax software free For specific details on these situations, see Publication 519. Tax software free   If the choice is ended for any of these reasons, neither spouse can make the choice for any later year. Tax software free Choice not made. Tax software free   If you and your nonresident alien spouse do not make this choice: You cannot file a joint return. Tax software free You can file as married filing separately, or head of household if you qualify. Tax software free You can claim an exemption for your nonresident alien spouse if he or she has no gross income for U. Tax software free S. Tax software free tax purposes and is not another taxpayer's dependent. Tax software free The nonresident alien spouse generally does not have to file a federal income tax return if he or she had no income from sources in the United States. Tax software free If a return has to be filed, see the next discussion. Tax software free The nonresident alien spouse is not eligible for the earned income credit if he or she has to file a return. Tax software free Nonresident Aliens If you are an alien who does not meet the requirements discussed earlier to be a resident alien, you are a nonresident alien. Tax software free If you are required to file a federal tax return, you must file either Form 1040NR, U. Tax software free S. Tax software free Nonresident Alien Income Tax Return, or Form 1040NR-EZ, U. Tax software free S. Tax software free Income Tax Return for Certain Nonresident Aliens With No Dependents. Tax software free See the form instructions for information on who must file and filing status. Tax software free If you are a nonresident alien, you generally must pay tax on income from sources in the United States. Tax software free Your income from conducting a trade or business in the United States is taxed at graduated U. Tax software free S. Tax software free tax rates. Tax software free Other income from U. Tax software free S. Tax software free sources is taxed at a flat 30% (or lower treaty) rate. Tax software free For example, dividends from a U. Tax software free S. Tax software free corporation paid to a nonresident alien generally are subject to a 30% (or lower treaty) rate. Tax software free Dual-Status Aliens You can be both a nonresident and resident alien during the same tax year. Tax software free This usually occurs in the year you arrive in or depart from the United States. Tax software free If you are a dual-status alien, you are taxed on income from all sources for the part of the year you are a resident alien. Tax software free Generally, for the part of the year you are a nonresident alien, you are taxed only on income from sources in the United States. Tax software free Sale of Home You may not have to pay tax on all or part of the gain from the sale of your main home. Tax software free Usually, your main home is the one you live in most of the time. Tax software free It can be a: House, Houseboat, Mobile home, Cooperative apartment, or Condominium. Tax software free You generally can exclude up to $250,000 of gain ($500,000, in most cases, if married filing a joint return) realized on the sale or exchange of a main home in 2013. Tax software free The exclusion is allowed each time you sell or exchange a main home, but generally not more than once every 2 years. Tax software free To be eligible, during the 5-year period ending on the date of the sale, you must have owned the home for at least 2 years (the ownership test), and lived in the home as your main home for at least 2 years (the use test). Tax software free Exception to ownership and use tests. Tax software free   You can exclude gain, but the maximum amount of gain you can exclude will be reduced if you do not meet the ownership and use tests due to a move to a new permanent duty station. Tax software free 5-year test period suspended. Tax software free   You can choose to have the 5-year test period for ownership and use suspended during any period you or your spouse serve on qualified official extended duty as a member of the Armed Forces. Tax software free This means that you may be able to meet the 2-year use test even if, because of your service, you did not actually live in your home for at least the required 2 years during the 5-year period ending on the date of sale. Tax software free Example. Tax software free David bought and moved into a home in 2005. Tax software free He lived in it as his main home for 2½ years. Tax software free For the next 6 years, he did not live in it because he was on qualified official extended duty with the Army. Tax software free He then sold the home at a gain in 2013. Tax software free To meet the use test, David chooses to suspend the 5-year test period for the 6 years he was on qualifying official extended duty. Tax software free This means he can disregard those 6 years. Tax software free Therefore, David's 5-year test period consists of the 5 years before he went on qualifying official extended duty. Tax software free He meets the ownership and use tests because he owned and lived in the home for 2½ years during this test period. Tax software free Period of suspension. Tax software free   The period of suspension cannot last more than 10 years. Tax software free You cannot suspend the 5-year period for more than one property at a time. Tax software free You can revoke your choice to suspend the 5-year period at any time. Tax software free Qualified official extended duty. Tax software free   You are on qualified official extended duty if you serve on extended duty either: At a duty station at least 50 miles from your main home, or While you live in Government quarters under Government orders. Tax software free   You are on extended duty when you are called or ordered to active duty for a period of more than 90 days or for an indefinite period. Tax software free Property used for rental or business. Tax software free   You may be able to exclude your gain from the sale of a home that you have used as a rental property or for business. Tax software free However, you must meet the ownership and use tests discussed in Publication 523. Tax software free Nonqualified use. Tax software free   If the sale of your main home results in a gain that is allocated to one or more period(s) of nonqualified use, you cannot exclude that gain from your income. Tax software free   Nonqualified use means any period after 2008 when neither you nor your spouse (or your former spouse) used the property as a main home, with certain exceptions. Tax software free For example, a period of nonqualified use does not include any period (not to exceed a total of 10 years) during which you or your spouse is serving on qualified official extended duty. Tax software free Loss. Tax software free   You cannot deduct a loss from the sale of your main home. Tax software free More information. Tax software free   For more information, see Publication 523. Tax software free Foreclosures There may be tax consequences as a result of compensation payments for foreclosures. Tax software free Payments made for violations of the Service Members Civil Relief Act (SCRA). Tax software free   All service members who received a settlement payment reported on a Form 1099 may need to report the amount on their tax return. Tax software free Generally, you must include settlement payments in income. Tax software free However, the tax treatment of settlement payments will depend on the facts and circumstances. Tax software free Lump Sum Portion of Settlement Payment. Tax software free    Generally, you must include the lump sum payment in gross income. Tax software free In limited circumstances you may be able to exclude part or all of the lump sum payment from gross income. Tax software free For example, you may qualify to exclude part or all of the payment from gross income if you can show that the payment was made to reimburse specific nondeductible expenses (such as living expenses) you incurred because of the SCRA violation. Tax software free Interest Payment on Lump Sum Portion of Settlement Payment. Tax software free    You must include any interest on the lump sum portion of your settlement payment in your income. Tax software free Lost Equity Portion of Settlement Payment. Tax software free    If you lost your main home in foreclosure, you should treat the lost equity payment as an additional amount you received on the foreclosure of the home. Tax software free You will have a gain on the foreclosure only if the sum of the lost equity payment and the value of the main home at foreclosure is more than what you paid for the home. Tax software free In many cases, this gain may be excluded from income. Tax software free For more information on the rules for excluding all or part of any gain from the sale (including a foreclosure) of a main home, see Pub. Tax software free 523, Selling Your Home. Tax software free The rules that apply to a lost equity payment you received for the foreclosure of a property that was not your main home are different. Tax software free    To find rules for reporting gain or loss on the foreclosure of property that was not your main home, see Pub. Tax software free 544, Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets. Tax software free Interest Payment on Lost Equity Portion of Settlement Payment. Tax software free    You must include any interest on the lost equity portion of your settlement payment in your income. Tax software free Itemized Deductions To figure your taxable income, you must subtract either your standard deduction or your itemized deductions from adjusted gross income. Tax software free For information on the standard deduction, see Publication 501. Tax software free Itemized deductions are figured on Schedule A (Form 1040). Tax software free This chapter discusses miscellaneous itemized deductions of particular interest to members of the Armed Forces. Tax software free For information on other itemized deductions, see the publications listed below. Tax software free Publication 502, Medical and Dental Expenses. Tax software free Publication 526, Charitable Contributions. Tax software free Publication 547, Casualties, Disasters, and Thefts. Tax software free Publication 550, Investment Income and Expenses. Tax software free You must reduce the total of most miscellaneous itemized deductions by 2% of your adjusted gross income. Tax software free For information on deductions that are not subject to the 2% limit, see Publication 529. Tax software free Employee Business Expenses Deductible employee business expenses generally are miscellaneous itemized deductions subject to the 2% limit. Tax software free Certain employee business expenses are deductible as adjustments to income. Tax software free For information on many employee business expenses, see Publication 463. Tax software free Generally, you must file Form 2106, Employee Business Expenses, or Form 2106-EZ, Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses, to claim these expenses. Tax software free You do not have to file Form 2106 or Form 2106-EZ if you are claiming only unreimbursed expenses for uniforms, professional society dues, and work-related educational expenses (all discussed later). Tax software free You can deduct these expenses directly on Schedule A (Form 1040). Tax software free Reimbursement. Tax software free   Generally, to receive advances, reimbursements, or other allowances from the government, you must adequately account for your expenses and return any excess reimbursement. Tax software free Your reimbursed expenses are not deductible. Tax software free   If your expenses are more than your reimbursement, the excess expenses are deductible (subject to the 2% limit) if you can prove them. Tax software free You must file Form 2106 to report these expenses. Tax software free   You can use the shorter Form 2106-EZ if you meet all three of the following conditions. Tax software free You are an employee deducting expenses related to your job. Tax software free You were not reimbursed by your employer for your expenses. Tax software free (Amounts included in box 1 of Form W-2 are not considered reimbursements. Tax software free ) If you claim car expenses, you use the standard mileage rate. Tax software free    For 2013, the standard mileage rate is 56. Tax software free 5 cents a mile for all business miles driven. Tax software free This rate is adjusted periodically. Tax software free Travel Expenses You can deduct unreimbursed travel expenses only if they are incurred while you are traveling away from home. Tax software free If you are a member of the U. Tax software free S. Tax software free Armed Forces on a permanent duty assignment overseas, you are not traveling away from home. Tax software free You cannot deduct your expenses for meals and lodging while at your permanent duty station. Tax software free You cannot deduct these expenses even if you have to maintain a home in the United States for your family members who are not allowed to accompany you overseas. Tax software free A naval officer assigned to permanent duty aboard a ship that has regular eating and living facilities has a home aboard ship for travel expense purposes. Tax software free To be deductible, your travel expenses must be work related. Tax software free You cannot deduct any expenses for personal travel, such as visits to family while on furlough, leave, or liberty. Tax software free Away from home. Tax software free   Home is your permanent duty station (which can be a ship or base), regardless of where you or your family live. Tax software free You are away from home if you are away from your permanent duty station substantially longer than an ordinary day's work and you need to get sleep or rest to meet the demands of your work while away from home. Tax software free   Examples of deductible travel expenses include: Expenses for business-related meals (generally limited to 50% of your unreimbursed cost), lodging, taxicabs, business telephone calls, tips, laundry, and dry cleaning while you are away from home on temporary duty or temporary additional duty, and Expenses of carrying out official business while on “No Cost” orders. Tax software free    You cannot deduct any expenses for travel away from home if the temporary assignment in a single location is realistically expected to last (and does in fact last) for more than 1 year. Tax software free This rule may not apply if you are participating in a federal crime investigation or prosecution. Tax software free For more information, see Publication 463 and the Form 2106 instructions. Tax software free Transportation Expenses These expenses include the ordinary and necessary costs of: Getting from one workplace to another when you are not away from home, Going to a business meeting away from your regular workplace, and Getting from your home to a temporary workplace when you have a regular place of work. Tax software free These expenses include the costs of transportation by air, bus, rail, taxi, and driving and maintaining your car. Tax software free Transportation expenses incurred while traveling away from home are included with your travel expenses, discussed earlier. Tax software free However, if you use your car while traveling away from home overnight, see the rules in chapter 4 of Publication 463 to figure your car expense deduction. Tax software free If you must go from one workplace to another while on duty (for example, as a courier or to attend meetings) without being away from home, your unreimbursed transportation expenses are deductible. Tax software free However, the expenses of getting to and from your regular place of work (commuting) are not deductible. Tax software free Temporary work location. Tax software free   If you have one or more regular places of business away from your home and you commute to a temporary work location in the same trade or business, you can deduct the expenses of the daily round-trip transportation between your home and the temporary location. Tax software free   Generally, if your employment at a work location is realistically expected to last (and does in fact last) for 1 year or less, the employment is temporary. Tax software free   If your employment at a work location is realistically expected to last for more than 1 year or if there is no realistic expectation that the employment will last for 1 year or less, the employment is not temporary, regardless of whether it actually lasts for more than 1 year. Tax software free If employment at a work location initially is realistically expected to last for 1 year or less, but at some later date the employment is realistically expected to last more than 1 year, that employment will be treated as temporary (unless there are facts and circumstances that would indicate otherwise) until your expectation changes. Tax software free    If you do not have a regular place of business, but you ordinarily work in the metropolitan area where you live, you can deduct daily transportation expenses between your home and a temporary work site outside your metropolitan area. Tax software free However, you cannot deduct daily transportation costs between your home and temporary work sites within your metropolitan area. Tax software free These are nondeductible commuting costs. Tax software free Armed Forces reservists. Tax software free   A meeting of an Armed Forces reserve unit is a second place of business if the meeting is held on a day on which you work at your regular job. Tax software free You can deduct the expense of getting from one workplace to the other. Tax software free You usually cannot deduct the expense if the reserve meeting is held on a day on which you do not work at your regular job. Tax software free In this case, your transportation generally is a nondeductible commuting expense. Tax software free However, you can deduct your transportation expenses if the location of the meeting is temporary and you have one or more regular places of work. Tax software free   If you ordinarily work in a particular metropolitan area but not at any specific location and the reserve meeting is held at a temporary location outside that metropolitan area, you can deduct your transportation expenses. Tax software free If you travel away from home overnight to attend a guard or reserve meeting, you can deduct your travel expenses. Tax software free See Armed Forces Reservists under Adjustments to Income, earlier. Tax software free Uniforms You usually cannot deduct the expenses for uniform cost and upkeep. Tax software free Generally, you must wear uniforms when on duty and you are allowed to wear them when off duty. Tax software free If military regulations prohibit you from wearing certain uniforms when off duty, you can deduct the cost and upkeep of the uniforms, but you must reduce your expenses by any allowance or reimbursement you receive. Tax software free Unreimbursed expenses for the cost and upkeep of the following articles are deductible. Tax software free Military battle dress uniforms and utility uniforms that you cannot wear when off duty. Tax software free Articles not replacing regular clothing, including insignia of rank, corps devices, epaulets, aiguillettes, and swords. Tax software free Reservists' uniforms if you can wear the uniform only while performing duties as a reservist. Tax software free Professional Dues You can deduct unreimbursed dues paid to professional societies directly related to your military position. Tax software free However, you cannot deduct amounts paid to an officers' club or a noncommissioned officers' club. Tax software free Example. Tax software free Lieutenant Margaret Allen, an electrical engineer at Maxwell Air Force Base, can deduct professional dues paid to the American Society of Electrical Engineers. Tax software free Educational Expenses You can deduct the unreimbursed costs of qualifying work-related education. Tax software free This is education that meets at least one of the following two tests. Tax software free The education is required by your employer or the law to keep your present salary, status, or job. Tax software free The required education must serve a bona fide business purpose of your employer. Tax software free The education maintains or improves skills needed in your present work. Tax software free However, even if the education meets one or both of the above tests, it is not qualifying education if it: Is needed to meet the minimum educational requirements of your present trade or business, or Is part of a program of study that will qualify you for a new trade or business. Tax software free You can deduct the expenses for qualifying work-related education even if the education could lead to a degree. Tax software free Example 1. Tax software free Lieutenant Colonel Mason has a degree in financial management and is in charge of base finances at her post of duty. Tax software free She took an advanced finance course. Tax software free She already meets the minimum qualifications for her job. Tax software free By taking the course, she is improving skills in her current position. Tax software free The course does not qualify her for a new trade or business. Tax software free She can deduct educational expenses that are more than the educational allowance she received. Tax software free Example 2. Tax software free Major Williams worked in the military base legal office as a legal intern. Tax software free He was placed in excess leave status by his employer to attend law school. Tax software free He paid all his educational expenses and was not reimbursed. Tax software free After obtaining his law degree, he passed the state bar exam and worked as a judge advocate. Tax software free His educational expenses are not deductible because the law degree qualified him for a new trade or business, even though the education maintained and improved his skills in his work. Tax software free Travel to obtain education. Tax software free   If your work-related education qualifies, you can deduct the costs of travel, including meals (subject to the 50% limit), and lodging, if the main purpose of the trip is to obtain the education. Tax software free   You cannot deduct the cost of travel that is itself a form of education, even if it is directly related to your duties in your work or business. Tax software free Transportation for education. Tax software free   If your work-related education qualifies for a deduction, you can deduct the costs of transportation to obtain that education. Tax software free However, you cannot deduct the cost of services provided in kind, such as base-provided transportation to or from class. Tax software free Transportation expenses include the actual costs of bus, subway, cab, or other fares, as well as the costs of using your car. Tax software free   If you need more information on educational expenses, see Publication 970. Tax software free Repayments If you had to repay to your employer an amount that you included in your income in an earlier year, you may be able to deduct the repaid amount from your income for the year in which you repaid it. Tax software free Repayment of $3,000 or less. Tax software free   If the amount you repaid was $3,000 or less, deduct it from your income in the year you repaid it. Tax software free If you reported it as wages, deduct it as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23. Tax software free Repayment over $3,000. Tax software free   If the amount you repaid was more than $3,000, see Repayments in Publication 525. Tax software free Credits After you have figured your taxable income and tax liability, you can determine if you are entitled to any tax credits. Tax software free This publication discusses the first-time homebuyer credit, child tax credit, earned income credit, and credit for excess social security tax withheld. Tax software free For information on other credits, see your tax form instructions. Tax software free First-Time Homebuyer Credit The first-time homebuyer credit is not available for homes purchased after 2011. Tax software free In 2011, this credit had already expired for most taxpayers, however, certain members of the uniformed services and Foreign Service and certain employees of the intelligence community could claim the credit for homes purchased in 2011. Tax software free If you bought the home (and claimed the credit) after 2008, you generally must repay the credit if you dispose of the home or the home stops being your main home within the 36-month period beginning on the purchase date. Tax software free If the home continues to be your main home for at least 36 months beginning on the purchase date, you do not have to repay any of the credit. Tax software free If you bought your home in 2008, you generally must repay the credit over a 15-year period in 15 equal installments. Tax software free For more information, see Form 5405, Repayment of the First-Time Homebuyer Credit, and its instructions. Tax software free Child Tax Credit The child tax credit is a credit that may reduce your tax by as much as $1,000 for each of your qualifying children. Tax software free The additional child tax credit is a credit you may be able to take if you are not able to claim the full amount of the child tax credit. Tax software free The child tax credit is not the same as the credit for child and dependent care expenses. Tax software free See Publication 503 for information on the credit for child and dependent care expenses. Tax software free Qualifying Child A qualifying child for purposes of the child tax credit is a child who: Is your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, half brother, half sister, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild, niece, or nephew), Was under age 17 at the end of 2013, Did not provide over half of his or her own support for 2013, Lived with you for more than half of 2013 (see Exceptions to time lived with you, later), Is claimed as a dependent on your return, Does not file a joint return for the year (or files it only as a claim for refund), and Was a U. Tax software free S. Tax software free citizen, a U. Tax software free S. Tax software free national, or a U. Tax software free S. Tax software free resident alien. Tax software free If the child was adopted, see Adopted child . Tax software free For each qualifying child you must check the box on Form 1040 or Form 1040A, line 6c, column (4). Tax software free Exceptions to time lived with you. Tax software free   A child is considered to have lived with you for all of 2013 if the child was born or died in 2013 and your home was this child's home for the entire time he or she was alive. Tax software free Temporary absences by you or the child for special circumstances, such as school, vacation, business, medical care, military service, or detention in a juvenile facility, count as time the child lived with you. Tax software free   There are also exceptions for kidnapped children and children of divorced or separated parents. Tax software free For details, see Publication 501. Tax software free Qualifying child of more than one person. Tax software free   A special rule applies if your qualifying child is the qualifying child of more than one person. Tax software free For details, see Publication 501. Tax software free Adopted child. Tax software free   An adopted child is always treated as your own child. Tax software free An adopted child includes a child lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. Tax software free   If you are a U. Tax software free S. Tax software free citizen or U. Tax software free S. Tax software free national and your adopted child lived with you as a member of your household all year, that child meets condition (7) above to be a qualifying child for the child tax credit. Tax software free Amount of Credit The maximum amount you can claim for the credit is $1,000 for each qualifying child. Tax software free Limits on the credit. Tax software free   You must reduce your child tax credit if either (1) or (2), below, applies. Tax software free The amount on Form 1040, line 46, or Form 1040A, line 28, is less than the credit. Tax software free If the amount is zero, you cannot take this credit because there is no tax to reduce. Tax software free However, you may be able to take the additional child tax credit. Tax software free See Additional Child Tax Credit , later. Tax software free Your modified adjusted gross income (AGI) is more than the amount shown below for your filing status. Tax software free Married filing jointly — $110,000. Tax software free Single, head of household,  or qualifying widow(er) — $75,000. Tax software free Married filing separately — $55,000. Tax software free Modified AGI. Tax software free   For purposes of the child tax credit, your modified AGI is the amount on Form 1040, line 38, or Form 1040A, line 22, plus the following amounts that may apply to you. Tax software free Any amount excluded from income because of the exclusion of income from Puerto Rico. Tax software free Any amount on line 45 or line 50 of Form 2555, Foreign Earned Income. Tax software free Any amount on line 18 of Form 2555-EZ, Foreign Earned Income Exclusion. Tax software free Any amount on line 15 of Form 4563, Exclusion of Income for Bona Fide Residents of American Samoa. Tax software free   If you do not have any of the above, your modified AGI is the same as your AGI. Tax software free Claiming the Credit To claim the child tax credit, you must file Form 1040 or Form 1040A. Tax software free For more information on the child tax credit, see the instructions for Form 1040 or Form 1040A. Tax software free Also attach Schedule 8812, Child Tax Credit, if required. Tax software free Additional Child Tax Credit This credit is for certain individuals who get less than the full amount of the child tax credit. Tax software free The additional child tax credit may give you a refund even if you do not owe any tax. Tax software free For more information, see the instructions for Form 1040 or Form 1040A, and Schedule 8812. Tax software free Earned Income Credit The earned income credit (EIC) is a cr