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Tax preparation online 2. Tax preparation online   Fuel Tax Credits and Refunds Table of Contents Gasoline and Aviation Gasoline Undyed Diesel Fuel and Undyed Kerosene (Other Than Kerosene Used in Aviation)Sales by Registered Ultimate Vendors Diesel-Water Fuel Emulsion Kerosene for Use in AviationSales by Registered Ultimate Vendors Other Fuels (Including Alternative Fuels) Refunds of Second TaxOptional reporting. Tax preparation online Providing information. Tax preparation online Definitions of Nontaxable UsesCustom application of fertilizer and pesticide. Tax preparation online Fuel used between airfield and farm. Tax preparation online Fuel not used for farming. Tax preparation online Vehicles not considered highway vehicles. Tax preparation online Biodiesel or Renewable Diesel Mixture Credit, Alternative Fuel Credit, and Alternative Fuel Mixture CreditHow to Claim the Credit Filing Claims Claiming A Refund Claiming a Credit on Form 4136 Including the Credit or Refund in Income Federal excise taxes are imposed on certain fuels as discussed in chapter 1. Tax preparation online This chapter lists the nontaxable uses of each fuel and defines the nontaxable uses. Tax preparation online Information on the refund of second tax is included. Tax preparation online This chapter also explains credits and refunds for the biodiesel or renewable diesel mixture credits, and the alternative fuel mixture and alternative fuel credits. Tax preparation online Information on how to make a claim for credit or refund is included in this chapter and in the instructions for: Form 720, Form 4136, and Form 8849. Tax preparation online Exported taxable fuel. Tax preparation online   The claim rates for exported taxable fuel are listed on Schedule C (Form 720), Schedule 1 (Form 8849), and Form 4136. Tax preparation online Taxpayers making a claim for exported taxable fuel must include with their records proof of exportation. Tax preparation online Proof of exportation includes: A copy of the export bill of lading issued by the delivering carrier, A certificate by the agent or representative of the export carrier showing actual exportation of the fuel, A certificate of lading signed by a customs officer of the foreign country to which the fuel is exported, or A statement of the foreign consignee showing receipt of the fuel. Tax preparation online Gasoline and Aviation Gasoline Ultimate Purchasers. Tax preparation online   The following are the uses of gasoline (defined earlier) for which a credit or refund may be allowable to an ultimate purchaser. Tax preparation online On a farm for farming purposes (credit only). Tax preparation online Off-highway business use. Tax preparation online Export. Tax preparation online In a boat engaged in commercial fishing. Tax preparation online In certain intercity and local buses. Tax preparation online In a school bus. Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a qualified blood collector organization. Tax preparation online In a highway vehicle owned by the United States that is not used on a highway. Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a nonprofit educational organization (see Sales by registered ultimate vendors and Credit Card Purchases, later). Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia (see Sales by registered ultimate vendors and Credit Card Purchases, later). Tax preparation online In an aircraft or vehicle owned by an aircraft museum. Tax preparation online   The following are the uses of aviation gasoline for which a credit or refund may be allowable to an ultimate purchaser. Tax preparation online On a farm for farming purposes (credit only). Tax preparation online Export. Tax preparation online In foreign trade. Tax preparation online Certain helicopter and fixed-wing air ambulance uses. Tax preparation online In commercial aviation (other than foreign trade). Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a qualified blood collector organization. Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a nonprofit education organization (see Sales by registered ultimate vendors and Credit card purchases, later). Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia (see Sales by registered ultimate vendors and Credit and purchases, later). Tax preparation online In an aircraft owned by an aircraft museum. Tax preparation online In military aircraft. Tax preparation online Claims by persons who paid the tax to the government. Tax preparation online   Except for sales to nonprofit educational organizations and states and local governments, a credit or refund is allowable to the person that paid the tax to the government if the gasoline was sold to the ultimate purchaser (including an exporter) by either that person or by a retailer and the fuel was exported; used or sold for use as supplies for vessels or aircraft, including military aircraft, commercial fishing, and foreign trade; sold to a qualified blood collector organization; or used or sold for use in the production of Other Fuels. Tax preparation online See Filing Claims, later. Tax preparation online Sales by registered ultimate vendors. Tax preparation online   This is an ultimate vendor that sells gasoline or aviation gasoline to any of the following and that is purchased without the use of a credit card. Tax preparation online A state or local government for its exclusive use (including essential government use by an Indian tribal government). Tax preparation online A nonprofit educational organization for its exclusive use. Tax preparation online   The registered ultimate vendor may make the claim if the ultimate purchaser did not use a credit card and waives its right to the credit or refund by providing the registered ultimate vendor with a certificate. Tax preparation online A sample certificate is included as Model Certificate M in the Appendix. Tax preparation online The registered ultimate vendor must have the certificate at the time the credit or refund is claimed. Tax preparation online   The ultimate vendor must be registered by the IRS. Tax preparation online See Registration Requirements, earlier. Tax preparation online Credit card purchases. Tax preparation online   If gasoline and aviation gasoline are purchased with a credit card issued to a state or local government for its exclusive use (including essential government use by an Indian tribal government), or a nonprofit educational organization for its exclusive use, the person who extended credit to the ultimate purchaser (the credit card issuer) is treated as the person that paid the tax and makes the claim if the credit card issuer: Is registered by the IRS, Has established that the amount of tax has not been collected from the person who purchased the gasoline or has obtained written consent from the ultimate purchaser to the allowance of the credit or refund, and Has repaid or agreed to repay the amount of the tax to the ultimate vendor, has obtained the written consent of the ultimate vendor to the allowance of the credit or refund, or has made arrangements that provide the ultimate vendor with reimbursement of the tax. Tax preparation online   If the requirements above are not met by the credit card issuer, the credit card issuer must collect the tax from the ultimate purchaser and only the ultimate purchaser may make the claim. Tax preparation online How to make the claim. Tax preparation online   If the claim is made by the credit card issuer, see Schedule C  (Form 720) or Schedule 8 (Form 8849). Tax preparation online Undyed Diesel Fuel and Undyed Kerosene (Other Than Kerosene Used in Aviation) For conditions to an allowance of a credit or refund on exported dyed diesel fuel and dyed kerosene, see Exported taxable fuel, earlier. Tax preparation online Ultimate purchasers. Tax preparation online   The following are nontaxable uses of diesel fuel and kerosene (defined earlier) for which a credit or refund may be allowable to an ultimate purchaser. Tax preparation online On a farm for farming purposes. Tax preparation online Off-highway business use. Tax preparation online Export. Tax preparation online In a qualified local bus. Tax preparation online In a school bus. Tax preparation online Other than as a fuel in a propulsion engine of a diesel-powered highway vehicle (such as home heating oil). Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a qualified blood collector organization. Tax preparation online In a highway vehicle owned by the United States that is not used on a highway. Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a nonprofit educational organization (see Sales by Registered Ultimate Vendors and Credit Card Purchases, later). Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia (see Sales by Registered Ultimate Vendors and Credit Card Purchases, later). Tax preparation online In a vehicle owned by an aircraft museum. Tax preparation online As a fuel in a propulsion engine of a diesel-powered train. Tax preparation online Sales by Registered Ultimate Vendors The following are the sales for which a credit or refund may be allowable to the registered ultimate vendor only. Tax preparation online Undyed diesel fuel or undyed kerosene sold for the exclusive use by a state or local government (if credit card rules (defined later) do not apply), Undyed kerosene sold from a blocked pump (defined below), or Undyed diesel fuel or undyed kerosene used in certain intercity and local buses, only if the ultimate purchaser waives its right to the credit or refund by providing the registered ultimate vendor with a waiver. Tax preparation online Registered ultimate vendor (state use). Tax preparation online   This is a person that sells undyed diesel fuel or undyed kerosene to a state or local government for its exclusive use (including essential government use by an Indian tribal government). Tax preparation online The diesel fuel or kerosene must be purchased by the state without the use of a credit card, issued to the state by the credit card issuer, in order for the ultimate vendor to make the claim. Tax preparation online The ultimate vendor must be registered by the IRS. Tax preparation online See Registration Requirements, earlier. Tax preparation online Registered ultimate vendor (blocked pump). Tax preparation online   This is an ultimate vendor that sells undyed kerosene from a blocked pump. Tax preparation online   A credit or refund may be allowable to a registered ultimate vendor (blocked pump) if the vendor sold to a buyer undyed kerosene from a blocked pump for use other than as a fuel in a diesel-powered highway vehicle and the vendor had no reason to believe the kerosene would not be used in that manner. Tax preparation online Blocked pump. Tax preparation online   A blocked pump is a fuel pump that meets all the following requirements. Tax preparation online It is used to make retail sales of undyed kerosene for use by the buyer in any nontaxable use. Tax preparation online It is at a fixed location. Tax preparation online It is identified with a legible and conspicuous notice stating, “UNDYED UNTAXED KEROSENE, NONTAXABLE USE ONLY. Tax preparation online ” It meets either of the following conditions. Tax preparation online It cannot reasonably be used to dispense fuel directly into the fuel supply tank of a diesel-powered highway vehicle or train. Tax preparation online It is locked by the vendor after each sale and unlocked by the vendor only in response to a buyer's request for undyed kerosene for use other than as a fuel in a diesel-powered highway vehicle or train. Tax preparation online Registered ultimate vendor (certain intercity and local buses). Tax preparation online   This is an ultimate vendor that sells undyed diesel fuel or undyed kerosene to the ultimate purchaser for use in certain intercity and local buses. Tax preparation online   The registered ultimate vendor may make the claim if the ultimate purchaser waives its right to the credit or refund by providing the registered ultimate vendor with a waiver. Tax preparation online A sample waiver is included as Model Waiver N in the Appendix. Tax preparation online The registered ultimate vendor must have the waiver at the time the credit or payment is claimed. Tax preparation online Credit Card Purchases. Tax preparation online   If undyed diesel fuel or kerosene is purchased with a credit card issued to a state, the person who extended credit to the state (the credit card issuer) is treated as the person that paid the tax and makes the claim if the credit card issuer: Is registered by the IRS, Has established that the amount of tax has not been collected from the person who purchased the diesel fuel or kerosene, or has obtained written consent from the ultimate purchaser to the allowance of the credit or refund, and Has repaid or agreed to repay the amount of the tax to the ultimate vendor, has obtained the written consent of the ultimate vendor to the allowance of the credit or refund, or has made arrangements that provide the ultimate vendor with reimbursement of the tax. Tax preparation online   If the requirements above are not met by the credit card issuer, the credit card issuer must collect the tax from the ultimate purchaser and only the ultimate purchaser may make the claim. Tax preparation online Diesel-Water Fuel Emulsion A claim for credit or refund may be made for the nontaxable use of a diesel-water fuel emulsion and for undyed diesel fuel used to produce a diesel-water fuel emulsion. Tax preparation online The claim rate for nontaxable use of a diesel-water fuel emulsion taxed at $. Tax preparation online 198 per gallon is $. Tax preparation online 197 (if exported, the claim rate is $. Tax preparation online 198). Tax preparation online The following are the nontaxable uses for a diesel-water fuel emulsion for which a credit or refund may be allowable to an ultimate purchaser. Tax preparation online On a farm for farming purposes. Tax preparation online Off-highway business use. Tax preparation online Export. Tax preparation online In a qualified local bus. Tax preparation online In a school bus. Tax preparation online Other than as fuel in the propulsion engine of a train or diesel-powered highway vehicle (but not off-highway use). Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a qualified blood collector organization. Tax preparation online In a highway vehicle owned by the United States that is not used on a highway. Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a nonprofit educational organization. Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia. Tax preparation online In an aircraft or vehicle owned by an aircraft museum. Tax preparation online Blender claims. Tax preparation online   The claim rate for undyed diesel fuel taxed at $. Tax preparation online 244 and used to produce a diesel-water fuel emulsion is $. Tax preparation online 046 per gallon of diesel fuel so used. Tax preparation online The blender must be registered by the IRS in order to make the claim. Tax preparation online The blender must attach a statement to the claim certifying that: The diesel-water fuel emulsion contains at least 14% water, The emulsion additive is registered by a United States manufacturer with the EPA under section 211 of the Clean Air Act as in effect on March 31, 2003, Undyed diesel fuel taxed at $. Tax preparation online 244 was used to produce the diesel-water fuel emulsion, and The diesel-water fuel emulsion was used or sold for use in the blender's trade or business. Tax preparation online Kerosene for Use in Aviation Ultimate purchasers. Tax preparation online   Ultimate purchasers of kerosene used in certain aviation uses may make a claim if the rate of tax on their use is less than the rate of tax that was charged on the kerosene. Tax preparation online   The ultimate purchaser of the kerosene used in commercial aviation (other than foreign trade) and noncommercial aviation (other than nonexempt, noncommercial aviation and exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia) is eligible to make a claim if the ultimate purchaser certifies that the right to make the claim has not been waived. Tax preparation online Generally, the ultimate purchaser is the aircraft operator. Tax preparation online   The following are the nontaxable uses of kerosene used in noncommercial aviation for which a credit or refund may be allowable to the ultimate purchaser. Tax preparation online On a farm for farming purposes. Tax preparation online Certain helicopter and fixed-wing aircraft uses. Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a qualified blood collector organization. Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a nonprofit educational organization. Tax preparation online In an aircraft owned by an aircraft museum. Tax preparation online In military aircraft. Tax preparation online Kerosene for use partly in commercial aviation and partly in nonexempt, noncommercial aviation. Tax preparation online   If the fuel is used partly for use in commercial aviation and partly for use in nonexempt, noncommercial aviation, the operator may identify, either at the time of purchase or after the kerosene has been used, the amount that will be (or has been) used in commercial aviation. Tax preparation online At the same time, the operator would either make the claim or waive the right to make the claim for credit or refund of the kerosene for use in commercial and nonexempt, noncommercial aviation. Tax preparation online   If the operator does not identify the amount of kerosene that will be (or has been) used in commercial aviation, the operator may provide a certificate to the ultimate vendor similar to Model Certificate Q in the Appendix. Tax preparation online For kerosene purchased with the certificate, used in commercial aviation, and taxed at $. Tax preparation online 244 per gallon, use of the certificate will be treated as a waiver of the right to claim a credit or refund for the $. Tax preparation online 025 per gallon part of the tax. Tax preparation online The ultimate vendor may make this claim. Tax preparation online The operator may make a claim for the $. Tax preparation online 175 tax per gallon of the kerosene, but cannot waive the right to make the claim for the $. Tax preparation online 175 tax per gallon. Tax preparation online Sales by Registered Ultimate Vendors Kerosene for use in commercial aviation or noncommercial aviation. Tax preparation online   The registered ultimate vendor of kerosene for use in commercial aviation (other than foreign trade) or noncommercial aviation (other than nonexempt, noncommercial aviation and exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia) may make this claim if the ultimate purchaser waives its right to the credit or payment by providing the registered ultimate vendor with a waiver. Tax preparation online A sample waiver is included as Model Waiver L in the Appendix. Tax preparation online The registered ultimate vendor must have the waiver at the time the credit or payment is claimed. Tax preparation online   Noncommercial aviation means any use of an aircraft not described as commercial aviation. Tax preparation online For the definition of commercial aviation, see Commercial aviation on page 11. Tax preparation online Kerosene for use in nonexempt, noncommercial aviation. Tax preparation online   Only the registered ultimate vendor may claim a credit or payment for sales of kerosene for use in nonexempt, noncommercial aviation. Tax preparation online The ultimate vendor must be registered by the IRS (activity letter UA) and have the required certificate from the ultimate purchaser. Tax preparation online A sample certificate is included as Model Certificate Q in the Appendix. Tax preparation online The registered ultimate vendor must have the certificate at the time the credit or payment is claimed. Tax preparation online Kerosene for use in aviation by a state or local government. Tax preparation online   Only the registered ultimate vendor may claim a credit or payment for sales of kerosene for use in aviation to a state or local government for its exclusive use (including essential government use by an Indian tribal government). Tax preparation online The kerosene for use in aviation must be purchased by the state without the use of a credit card in order for the ultimate vendor to make the claim. Tax preparation online The ultimate vendor must be registered by the IRS (activity letter UV) and have the required certificate from the ultimate purchaser. Tax preparation online A sample certificate is included as Model Certificate P in the Appendix. Tax preparation online The registered ultimate vendor must have the certificate at the time the credit or payment is claimed. Tax preparation online Credit card purchases. Tax preparation online   If taxed kerosene for use in aviation is purchased with a credit card issued to a state, the person who extended credit to the state (the credit card issuer) is treated as the person that paid the tax and makes the claim if the credit card issuer: Is registered by the IRS, Has established that the amount of tax has not been collected from the person who purchased the kerosene, or has obtained written consent from the ultimate purchaser to the allowance of the credit or refund, and Has repaid or agreed to repay the amount of the tax to the ultimate vendor, has obtained the written consent of the ultimate vendor to the allowance of the credit or refund, or has made arrangements that provide the ultimate vendor with reimbursement of the tax. Tax preparation online   If the requirements above are not met by the credit card issuer, the credit card issuer must collect the tax from the ultimate purchaser and only the ultimate purchaser may make the claim. Tax preparation online Other Fuels (Including Alternative Fuels) Credit or refund for nontaxable use of taxed Other Fuels may be allowable to an ultimate purchaser. Tax preparation online While tax is generally imposed on delivery, Other Fuels are taxed prior to delivery in the case of certain bulk sales described in chapter 1. Tax preparation online The following are the nontaxable uses of Other Fuels for which a credit or refund may be allowable to the ultimate purchaser. Tax preparation online On a farm for farming purposes. Tax preparation online Off-highway business use. Tax preparation online In a boat engaged in commercial fishing. Tax preparation online In certain intercity and local buses. Tax preparation online In a school bus. Tax preparation online In a qualified local bus. Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a qualified blood collector organization. Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a nonprofit educational organization. Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia. Tax preparation online In an aircraft or vehicle owned by an aircraft museum. Tax preparation online Use in any boat operated by the United States for its exclusive use or any vessel of war of any foreign nation. Tax preparation online See Biodiesel or Renewable Diesel Mixture Credit, Alternative Fuel Credit, and Alternative Fuel Mixture Credit, later. Tax preparation online Refunds of Second Tax The tax on dyed diesel fuel for inland waterways fuel use applies at the rate listed on Form 720. Tax preparation online This is in addition to all other taxes imposed on the sale or use of the fuel. Tax preparation online The section 4081(e) refund (discussed below) cannot be claimed. Tax preparation online If the tax is paid and reported to the government on more than one taxable event for a taxable fuel under section 4081, the person paying the “second tax” may claim a refund (without interest) of that tax if certain conditions and reporting requirements are met. Tax preparation online No credit against any tax is allowed for this tax. Tax preparation online For information about taxable events, see the discussions under Gasoline, Diesel Fuel and Kerosene and Kerosene for Use in Aviation in chapter 1. Tax preparation online Conditions to allowance of refund. Tax preparation online   A claim for refund of the tax is allowed only if all the following conditions are met. Tax preparation online A tax on the fuel was paid to the government and not credited or refunded (the “first tax”). Tax preparation online After the first tax was imposed, another tax was imposed on the same fuel and was paid to the government (the “second tax”). Tax preparation online The person that paid the second tax filed a timely claim for refund containing the information required (see Refund claim, later). Tax preparation online The person that paid the first tax has met the reporting requirements, discussed next. Tax preparation online Reporting requirements. Tax preparation online   Generally, the person that paid the first tax must file a “First Taxpayer's Report” with its Form 720 for the quarter to which the report relates. Tax preparation online A model first taxpayer's report is shown in the Appendix as Model Certificate B. Tax preparation online The report must contain all information needed to complete the model. Tax preparation online   By the due date for filing the Form 720, you must also send a separate copy of the report to the following address. Tax preparation online Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service  Cincinnati, OH 45999-0555 Write “EXCISE – FIRST TAXPAYER'S REPORT” across the top of that copy. Tax preparation online Optional reporting. Tax preparation online   A first taxpayer's report is not required for the tax imposed on: Removal at a terminal rack, Nonbulk entries into the United States, and Removals or sales by blenders. Tax preparation online However, if the person liable for the tax expects that another tax will be imposed on that fuel, that person should (but is not required to) file a first taxpayer's report. Tax preparation online Providing information. Tax preparation online   The first taxpayer must give a copy of the report to the buyer of the fuel within the bulk transfer/terminal system or to the owner of the fuel immediately before the first tax was imposed, if the first taxpayer is not the owner at that time. Tax preparation online If an optional report is filed, a copy should (but is not required to) be given to the buyer or owner. Tax preparation online   A person that receives a copy of the first taxpayer's report and later sells the fuel within the bulk transfer/terminal system must give the copy and a “Statement of Subsequent Seller” to the buyer. Tax preparation online If the later sale is outside the bulk transfer/terminal system and that person expects that another tax will be imposed, that person should (but is not required to) give the copy and the statement to the buyer. Tax preparation online A model statement of subsequent seller is shown in the Appendix as Model Certificate A. Tax preparation online The statement must contain all information necessary to complete the model. Tax preparation online   If the first taxpayer's report relates to fuel sold to more than one buyer, copies of that report must be made when the fuel is divided. Tax preparation online Each buyer must be given a copy of the report. Tax preparation online Refund claim. Tax preparation online   You must have filed Form 720 and paid the second tax before you file for a refund of that tax. Tax preparation online You must make your claim for refund on Form 8849. Tax preparation online Complete Schedule 5 (Form 8849) and attach it to your Form 8849. Tax preparation online Do not include this claim with a claim under another tax provision. Tax preparation online You must not have included the second tax in the price of the fuel and must not have collected it from the purchaser. Tax preparation online You must submit the following information with your claim. Tax preparation online A copy of the first taxpayer's report (discussed earlier). Tax preparation online A copy of the statement of subsequent seller if the fuel was bought from someone other than the first taxpayer. Tax preparation online Definitions of Nontaxable Uses This section provides definitions of the terms used in Table 2-1 for nontaxable uses. Tax preparation online If applicable, the type of use number from Table 2-1 is indicated in each heading. Tax preparation online Type of use table. Tax preparation online   The first column of the table is the number you enter on Form 4136, Form 8849, or Schedule C (Form 720) for that type of use. Tax preparation online For type of use 2, the mobile machinery parenthetical applies only to Form 8849 and Form 720. Tax preparation online Table 2-1. Tax preparation online Type of Use Table No. Tax preparation online Type of Use 1 On a farm for farming purposes 2 Off-highway business use (for business use other than in a highway vehicle registered or required to be registered for highway use) (other than use in mobile machinery) 3 Export 4 In a boat engaged in commercial fishing 5 In certain intercity and local buses 6 In a qualified local bus 7 In a bus transporting students and employees of schools (school buses) 8 For diesel fuel and kerosene (other than kerosene used in aviation) used other than as a fuel in the propulsion engine of a train or diesel-powered highway vehicle (but not off-highway business use) 9 In foreign trade 10 Certain helicopter and fixed-wing aircraft uses 11 Exclusive use by a qualified blood collector organization 12 In a highway vehicle owned by the United States that is not used on a highway 13 Exclusive use by a nonprofit educational organization 14 Exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia 15 In an aircraft or vehicle owned by an aircraft museum 16 In military aircraft On a farm for farming purposes (No. Tax preparation online 1). Tax preparation online   On a farm for farming purposes means fuel used in carrying on a trade or business of farming, on a farm in the United States, and for farming purposes. Tax preparation online Farm. Tax preparation online   A farm includes livestock, dairy, fish, poultry, fruit, fur-bearing animals, and truck farms; orchards; plantations; ranches; nurseries; ranges; and feed yards for fattening cattle. Tax preparation online It also includes structures such as greenhouses used primarily for the raising of agricultural or horticultural commodities. Tax preparation online A fish farm is an area where fish are grown or raised — not merely caught or harvested. Tax preparation online Farming purposes. Tax preparation online   As an owner, tenant, or operator, you use fuel on a farm for farming purposes if you use it in any of the following ways. Tax preparation online To cultivate the soil or to raise or harvest any agricultural or horticultural commodity. Tax preparation online To raise, shear, feed, care for, train, or manage livestock, bees, poultry, fur-bearing animals, or wildlife. Tax preparation online To operate, manage, conserve, improve, or maintain your farm and its tools and equipment. Tax preparation online To handle, dry, pack, grade, or store any raw agricultural or horticultural commodity. Tax preparation online For this use to qualify, you must have produced more than half the commodity so treated during the tax year. Tax preparation online Commodity means a single raw product. Tax preparation online For example, apples and peaches are two separate commodities. Tax preparation online To plant, cultivate, care for, or cut trees or to prepare (other than sawing logs into lumber, chipping, or other milling) trees for market, but only if the planting, etc. Tax preparation online , is incidental to your farming operations. Tax preparation online Your tree operations will be incidental only if they are minor in nature when compared to the total farming operations. Tax preparation online   If any other person, such as a neighbor or custom operator, performs a service for you on your farm for any of the purposes listed in (1) or (2), you are considered to be the ultimate purchaser that used the fuel on a farm for farming purposes. Tax preparation online However, see Custom application of fertilizer and pesticide, next. Tax preparation online   If doubt exists whether the owner, the tenant, or the operator of the farm bought the fuel, determine who bore the cost of the fuel. Tax preparation online For example, if the owner of a farm and the tenant equally share the cost of gasoline that is used on a farm for farming purposes, each can claim a credit for the tax on one-half the fuel used. Tax preparation online Custom application of fertilizer and pesticide. Tax preparation online   Fuel used on a farm for farming purposes includes fuel used in the application of fertilizer, pesticides, or other substances, including aerial applications. Tax preparation online Generally, the applicator is treated as having used the fuel on a farm for farming purposes. Tax preparation online For aviation gasoline, the aerial applicator makes the claim as the ultimate purchaser. Tax preparation online For kerosene used in aviation, the ultimate purchaser may make the claim or waive their right to make the claim to the registered ultimate vendor. Tax preparation online Fuel used between airfield and farm. Tax preparation online   Fuel used by an aerial applicator for the direct flight between the airfield and one or more farms is treated as a farming purpose. Tax preparation online Fuel not used for farming. Tax preparation online   Fuel is not used on a farm for farming purposes if it is used in any of the following ways. Tax preparation online Off the farm, such as on the highway or in noncommercial aviation, other than fuel used between the airfield and farm described above, even if the fuel is used in transporting livestock, feed, crops, or equipment. Tax preparation online For personal use, such as mowing the lawn. Tax preparation online In processing, packaging, freezing, or canning operations. Tax preparation online In processing crude gum into gum spirits of turpentine or gum resin or in processing maple sap into maple syrup or maple sugar. Tax preparation online Off-highway business use (No. Tax preparation online 2). Tax preparation online   Off-highway business use means fuel used in a trade or business or in an income-producing activity other than as a fuel in a highway vehicle registered or required to be registered for use on public highways. Tax preparation online The terms “highway vehicle,” “public highway,” and “registered” are defined below. Tax preparation online Do not consider any use in a boat as an off-highway business use. Tax preparation online   Off-highway business use includes fuels used in any of the following ways. Tax preparation online In stationary machines such as generators, compressors, power saws, and similar equipment. Tax preparation online For cleaning purposes. Tax preparation online In forklift trucks, bulldozers, and earthmovers. Tax preparation online   Generally, this use does not include nonbusiness use of fuel, such as use by minibikes, snowmobiles, power lawn mowers, chain saws, and other yard equipment. Tax preparation online Example. Tax preparation online Caroline owns a landscaping business. Tax preparation online She uses power lawn mowers and chain saws in her business. Tax preparation online The gasoline used in the power lawn mowers and chain saws qualifies as fuel used in an off-highway business use. Tax preparation online The gasoline used in her personal lawn mower at home does not qualify. Tax preparation online Highway vehicle. Tax preparation online   A highway vehicle is any self-propelled vehicle designed to carry a load over public highways, whether or not it is also designed to perform other functions. Tax preparation online Examples of vehicles designed to carry a load over public highways are passenger automobiles, motorcycles, buses, and highway-type trucks and truck tractors. Tax preparation online A vehicle is a highway vehicle even though the vehicle's design allows it to perform a highway transportation function for only one of the following. Tax preparation online A particular type of load, such as passengers, furnishings, and personal effects (as in a house, office, or utility trailer). Tax preparation online A special kind of cargo, goods, supplies, or materials. Tax preparation online Some off-highway task unrelated to highway transportation, except as discussed next. Tax preparation online Vehicles not considered highway vehicles. Tax preparation online   Generally, the following kinds of vehicles are not considered highway vehicles for purposes of the credit or refund of fuel taxes. Tax preparation online Specially designed mobile machinery for nontransportation functions. Tax preparation online A self-propelled vehicle is not a highway vehicle if all the following apply. Tax preparation online The chassis has permanently mounted to it machinery or equipment used to perform certain operations (construction, manufacturing, drilling, mining, timbering, processing, farming, or similar operations) if the operation of the machinery or equipment is unrelated to transportation on or off the public highways. Tax preparation online The chassis has been specially designed to serve only as a mobile carriage and mount (and power source, if applicable) for the machinery or equipment, whether or not the machinery or equipment is in operation. Tax preparation online The chassis could not, because of its special design and without substantial structural modification, be used as part of a vehicle designed to carry any other load. Tax preparation online The vehicle must have traveled less than 7,500 miles on public highways during the taxable year. Tax preparation online Vehicles specially designed for off-highway transportation. Tax preparation online A vehicle is not treated as a highway vehicle if the vehicle is specially designed for the primary function of transporting a particular type of load other than over the public highway and because of this special design, the vehicle's capability to transport a load over a public highway is substantially limited or impaired. Tax preparation online To make this determination, you can take into account the vehicle's size, whether the vehicle is subject to licensing, safety, or other requirements, and whether the vehicle can transport a load at a sustained speed of at least 25 miles per hour. Tax preparation online It does not matter that the vehicle can carry heavier loads off highway than it is allowed to carry over the highway. Tax preparation online Nontransportation trailers and semitrailers. Tax preparation online A trailer or semi-trailer is not treated as a highway vehicle if it is specially designed to function only as an enclosed stationary shelter for carrying on a nontransportation function at an off-highway site. Tax preparation online For example, a trailer that is capable only of functioning as an office for an off-highway construction operation is not a highway vehicle. Tax preparation online Public highway. Tax preparation online   A public highway includes any road in the United States that is not a private roadway. Tax preparation online This includes federal, state, county, and city roads and streets. Tax preparation online Registered. Tax preparation online   A vehicle is considered registered when it is registered or required to be registered for highway use under the law of any state, the District of Columbia, or any foreign country in which it is operated or situated. Tax preparation online Any highway vehicle operated under a dealer's tag, license, or permit is considered registered. Tax preparation online A highway vehicle is not considered registered solely because a special permit allows the vehicle to be operated at particular times and under specified conditions. Tax preparation online Dual use of propulsion motor. Tax preparation online   Off-highway business use does not include any fuel used in the propulsion motor of a registered highway vehicle even though that motor also operates special equipment by means of a power take-off or power transfer. Tax preparation online It does not matter if the special equipment is mounted on the vehicle. Tax preparation online Example. Tax preparation online The motor of a registered concrete-mixer truck operates both the engine and the mixing unit by means of a power take-off. Tax preparation online The fuel used in the motor to run the mixer is not off-highway business use. Tax preparation online Use in separate motor. Tax preparation online   Off-highway business use includes fuel used in a separate motor to operate special equipment, such as a refrigeration unit, pump, generator, or mixing unit. Tax preparation online If you draw fuel from the same tank that supplies fuel to the propulsion motor, you must figure the quantity used in the separate motor operating the special equipment. Tax preparation online You may make a reasonable estimate based on your operating experience and supported by your records. Tax preparation online   You can use devices that measure the miles the vehicle has traveled (such as hubometers) to figure the gallons of fuel used to propel the vehicle. Tax preparation online Add to this amount the fuel consumed while idling or warming up the motor before propelling the vehicle. Tax preparation online The difference between your total fuel used and the fuel used to propel the vehicle is the fuel used in the separate motor. Tax preparation online Example. Tax preparation online Hazel owns a refrigerated truck. Tax preparation online It has a separate motor for the refrigeration unit. Tax preparation online The same tank supplies both motors. Tax preparation online Using the truck's hubometer, Hazel figures that 90% of the fuel was used to propel the truck. Tax preparation online Therefore, 10% of the fuel is used in an off-highway business use. Tax preparation online Fuel lost or destroyed. Tax preparation online   You cannot treat fuel lost or destroyed through spillage, fire, or other casualty as fuel used in an off-highway business use. Tax preparation online Export (No. Tax preparation online 3). Tax preparation online   Export means fuel transported from the United States with the intention that the fuel remain in a foreign country or possession of the United States. Tax preparation online Fuel is not exported if it is in the fuel supply tank of a vehicle or aircraft. Tax preparation online In a boat engaged in commercial fishing (No. Tax preparation online 4). Tax preparation online   In a boat engaged in commercial fishing means fuel used in taking, catching, processing, or transporting fish, shellfish, or other aquatic life for commercial purposes, such as selling or processing the catch, on a specific trip basis. Tax preparation online They include boats used in both fresh and salt water fishing. Tax preparation online They do not include boats used for both sport fishing and commercial fishing on the same trip. Tax preparation online In certain intercity and local buses (No. Tax preparation online 5). Tax preparation online   In certain intercity and local buses means fuel used in a bus engaged in furnishing (for compensation) passenger land transportation available to the general public. Tax preparation online The bus must be engaged in one of the following activities. Tax preparation online Scheduled transportation along regular routes. Tax preparation online Nonscheduled operations if the seating capacity of the bus is at least 20 adults, not including the driver. Tax preparation online Vans and similar vehicles used for van-pooling or taxi service do not qualify. Tax preparation online Available to the general public. Tax preparation online   This means you offer service to more than a limited number of persons or organizations. Tax preparation online If a bus operator normally provides charter operations through travel agencies but has buses available for chartering by the general public, this service is available to the general public. Tax preparation online A bus does not qualify when its operator uses it to provide exclusive services to only one person, group, or organization. Tax preparation online Also, intercity bus transportation does not include transporting students and employees of schools or intercity transportation in a qualified local bus. Tax preparation online In a qualified local bus (No. Tax preparation online 6). Tax preparation online   In a qualified local bus means fuel used in a bus meeting all the following requirements. Tax preparation online It is engaged in furnishing (for compensation) intracity passenger land transportation available to the general public. Tax preparation online It operates along scheduled, regular routes. Tax preparation online It has a seating capacity of at least 20 adults (excluding the driver). Tax preparation online It is under contract with (or is receiving more than a nominal subsidy from) any state or local government to furnish the transportation. Tax preparation online Intracity passenger land transportation. Tax preparation online   This is the land transportation of passengers between points located within the same metropolitan area. Tax preparation online It includes transportation along routes that cross state, city, or county boundaries if the routes remain within the metropolitan area. Tax preparation online Under contract. Tax preparation online   A bus is under contract with a state or local government only if the contract imposes a bona fide obligation on the bus operator to furnish the transportation. Tax preparation online More than a nominal subsidy. Tax preparation online   A subsidy is more than nominal if it is reasonably expected to exceed an amount equal to 3 cents multiplied by the number of gallons of fuel used in buses on subsidized routes. Tax preparation online A company that operates its buses along subsidized and unsubsidized intracity routes may consider its buses qualified local buses only when the buses are used on the subsidized intracity routes. Tax preparation online In a school bus (No. Tax preparation online 7). Tax preparation online   In a school bus means fuel used in a bus engaged in the transportation of students or employees of schools. Tax preparation online A school is an educational organization with a regular faculty and curriculum and a regularly enrolled body of students who attend the place where the educational activities occur. Tax preparation online For diesel fuel and kerosene (other than kerosene used in aviation) used other than as a fuel (No. Tax preparation online 8). Tax preparation online   Diesel fuel and kerosene (other than kerosene used in aviation) used other than as a fuel in the propulsion engine of a diesel-powered highway vehicle or diesel-powered train (not including off-highway business use) means undyed diesel fuel and undyed kerosene used: For home heating, lighting, and cooking; In boats; In stationary machines, such as generators and compressors; For cleaning purposes; or In minibikes and snowmobiles. Tax preparation online In foreign trade (No. Tax preparation online 9). Tax preparation online   In foreign trade means fuel used in civil aircraft employed in foreign trade or trade between the United States and any of its possessions. Tax preparation online The term trade includes the transportation of persons or property for hire and the making of the necessary preparations for such transportation. Tax preparation online In the case of aircraft registered in a foreign country, the country must allow reciprocal benefits for aircraft registered in the United States. Tax preparation online Certain helicopter and fixed-wing aircraft uses (No. Tax preparation online 10). Tax preparation online   Includes: Certain helicopter uses. Tax preparation online   Certain helicopter uses means fuel used by a helicopter for any of the following purposes. Tax preparation online Transporting individuals, equipment, or supplies in the exploration for, or the development or removal of, hard minerals, oil, or gas. Tax preparation online Planting, cultivating, cutting, transporting, or caring for trees (including logging operations). Tax preparation online Providing emergency medical transportation. Tax preparation online   During a use described in items (1) and (2), the helicopter must not take off from, or land at, a facility eligible for assistance under the Airport and Airway Development Act of 1970, or otherwise use services provided pursuant to section 44509 or 44913(b) or subchapter I of chapter 471 of title 49, United States Code. Tax preparation online For item (1), treat each flight segment as a separate flight. Tax preparation online Fixed-wing aircraft uses. Tax preparation online   Fixed-wing aircraft uses means fuel used by a fixed-wing aircraft for any of the following purposes. Tax preparation online Planting, cultivating, cutting, transporting, or caring for trees (including logging operations). Tax preparation online Providing emergency medical transportation. Tax preparation online The aircraft must be equipped for and exclusively dedicated on that flight to acute care emergency medical services. Tax preparation online During a use described in item (1), the aircraft must not take off from, or land at, a facility eligible for assistance under the Airport and Airway Development Act of 1970, or otherwise use services provided pursuant to section 44509 or 44913(b) or subchapter I of chapter 471 of title 49, United States Code. Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a qualified blood collector organization (No. Tax preparation online 11). Tax preparation online   Exclusive use by a qualified blood collector organization means fuel used by the qualified blood collector organization for its exclusive use in the collection, storage, or transportation of blood. Tax preparation online Qualified blood collector organization. Tax preparation online   A qualified blood collector organization is one that is: Described in section 501(c)(3) and exempt from tax under section 501(a), Primarily engaged in the activity of collecting human blood, Registered by the IRS, and Registered by the Food and Drug Administration to collect blood. Tax preparation online In a highway vehicle owned by the United States that is not used on a highway (No. Tax preparation online 12). Tax preparation online   In a highway vehicle owned by the United States that is not used on a highway means fuel used in a vehicle that was not used on public highways during the period covered by the claim. Tax preparation online This use applies whether or not the vehicle is registered or required to be registered for highway use. Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a nonprofit educational organization (No. Tax preparation online 13). Tax preparation online   Exclusive use by a nonprofit educational organization means fuel used by an organization exempt from income tax under section 501(a) that meets both of the following requirements. Tax preparation online It has a regular faculty and curriculum. Tax preparation online It has a regularly enrolled body of students who attend the place where the instruction normally occurs. Tax preparation online   A nonprofit educational organization also includes a school operated by a church or other organization described in section 501(c)(3) if the school meets the above requirements. Tax preparation online Exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia (No. Tax preparation online 14). Tax preparation online   Exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia means fuel purchased by the state or local government for its exclusive use. Tax preparation online A state or local government is any state, any political subdivision thereof, or the District of Columbia. Tax preparation online An Indian tribal government is treated as a state only if the fuel is used in an activity that involves the exercise of an essential tribal government function. Tax preparation online Gasoline, diesel fuel, and kerosene used by the American Red Cross is considered to be the use of these fuels by a state. Tax preparation online In an aircraft or vehicle owned by an aircraft museum (No. Tax preparation online 15). Tax preparation online   In an aircraft or vehicle owned by an aircraft museum means fuel used in an aircraft or vehicle that is owned by an organization that meets all the following requirements. Tax preparation online It is exempt from income tax as an organization described in section 501(c)(3). Tax preparation online It is operated as a museum under a state (or District of Columbia) charter. Tax preparation online It is operated exclusively for acquiring, exhibiting, and caring for aircraft of the type used for combat or transport in  World War II. Tax preparation online   The aircraft or vehicle (such as a ground servicing vehicle for aircraft) must be used exclusively for the purposes described in item (3). Tax preparation online In military aircraft (No. Tax preparation online 16). Tax preparation online   In a military aircraft means fuel used in an aircraft owned by the United States or any foreign nation and constituting a part of its armed forces. Tax preparation online In commercial aviation (other than foreign trade). Tax preparation online   See Commercial aviation, earlier, for the definition. Tax preparation online Use in a train. Tax preparation online   Use in a train means fuel used in the propulsion engine of equipment or machinery that rides on rails. Tax preparation online This includes use in a locomotive, work train, switching engine, and track maintenance machine. Tax preparation online Biodiesel or Renewable Diesel Mixture Credit, Alternative Fuel Credit, and Alternative Fuel Mixture Credit For alternative fuel mixtures produced after December 31, 2011, see How to Claim the Credit below. Tax preparation online The section 6426 credit for biodiesel and alternative fuel consists of the biodiesel or renewable diesel mixture credit, alternative fuel credit, and alternative fuel mixture credit. Tax preparation online Biodiesel or renewable diesel mixture credit claimant. Tax preparation online   Claimant produced a biodiesel mixture by mixing biodiesel with diesel fuel. Tax preparation online Claimant produced a renewable diesel mixture by mixing renewable diesel with liquid fuel (other than renewable diesel). Tax preparation online   The person that produced and sold or used the mixture in their trade or business is the only person eligible to make this claim. Tax preparation online The credit is based on the gallons of biodiesel or renewable diesel in the mixture. Tax preparation online Renewable diesel does not include any fuel derived from coprocessing biomass (as defined in section 45K(c)(3)) with a feedstock that is not biomass. Tax preparation online Claim requirements. Tax preparation online   See the Instructions for Form 720 for the biodiesel or renewable diesel mixture claim requirements. Tax preparation online Alternative fuel credit claimant. Tax preparation online   For the alternative fuel credit, the registered alternative fueler who (1) sold an alternative fuel at retail delivered it into the fuel supply tank of a motor vehicle or motorboat, (2) sold an alternative fuel, delivered it in bulk taxable use in a motor vehicle or motorboat, and received required statement from the buyer, (3) used an alternative fuel (not sold at retail or in bulk as previously described) motor vehicle or motorboat, or (4) sold an alternative fuel used as a fuel in aviation is the only person eligible to make this claim. Tax preparation online Carbon capture requirement. Tax preparation online   A credit for Fischer-Tropsch process liquid fuel derived from coal (including peat) can be claimed only if the fuel is derived from coal produced at a gasification facility that separates and sequesters at least 75% of the facility's total carbon dioxide emissions. Tax preparation online Alternative fuel credit. Tax preparation online   The registered alternative fueler is the person eligible to make the claim. Tax preparation online An alternative fueler is the person liable for tax on alternative fuel under the rules for taxable events for Other Fuels (discussed in chapter 1) or would be liable but for an exemption for nontaxable uses. Tax preparation online An alternative fueler includes a person who sells for use or uses an alternative fuel in aviation. Tax preparation online Alternative fuel mixture credit claimant. Tax preparation online   For the alternative fuel mixture credit, the registered alternative fueler that produced and sold or used the mixture as a fuel in their trade or business is the only person eligible to make this claim. Tax preparation online The credit is based on the gallons of alternative fuel in the mixture. Tax preparation online An alternative fuel mixture is a mixture of alternative fuel and section 4081 taxable fuel (gasoline, diesel fuel, or kerosene). Tax preparation online Registration. Tax preparation online   You must be registered by the IRS to be eligible to claim the section 6426 fuel credit. Tax preparation online See Registration Requirements in chapter 1. Tax preparation online Credits for fuel provide incentive for United States production. Tax preparation online   The section 6426 fuel credit may not be claimed for alternative fuel that is produced outside the United States for use as a fuel outside the United States. Tax preparation online The United States includes any possession of the United States. Tax preparation online Credit for fuels derived from paper or pulp production. Tax preparation online   Credit for alternative fuels and alternative fuel mixtures for any fuel derived from the production of paper or pulp are not available for fuel sold or used on or after December 31, 2009. Tax preparation online How to Claim the Credit Any biodiesel or renewable diesel mixture credit must first be claimed on Schedule C to reduce your taxable fuel liability reported on Form 720. Tax preparation online Any excess credit may be claimed on Schedule C (Form 720), Schedule 3 (Form 8849), Form 4136, or Form 8864, Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Fuels Credit. Tax preparation online See Notice 2005-4 and the Instructions for Form 720 for more information. Tax preparation online Also see Notice 2013-26 on page 984 of I. Tax preparation online R. Tax preparation online B. Tax preparation online 2013-18 at www. Tax preparation online irs. Tax preparation online gov/pub/irs-irbs/irb13-18. Tax preparation online pdf; and see chapter 2, later. Tax preparation online Coordination with income tax credit. Tax preparation online   Only one credit may be taken for any amount of biodiesel or renewable diesel. Tax preparation online If any amount is claimed (or will be claimed) for any amount of biodiesel or renewable diesel on Form 720, Form 8849, or Form 4136, then a claim cannot be made on Form 8864 for that amount of biodiesel or renewable diesel. Tax preparation online   Any alternative fuel credit must first be claimed on Schedule C (Form 720) to reduce your section 4041 taxable fuel liability for alternative fuel and CNG reported on Form 720. Tax preparation online Any excess credit may claimed on Schedule C (Form 720), Schedule 3 (Form 8849), or Form 4136. Tax preparation online   For alternative fuel mixtures produced after December 31, 2011, the alternative fuel mixture credit can be claimed on Schedule C (Form 720), not on Form 4136 or Schedule 3 (Form 8849), and only to the extent of your section 4081 taxable fuel liability for gasoline, diesel fuel and kerosene reported on Form 720. Tax preparation online   Calculate the limitation for alternative fuel mixtures separately and enter on Schedule C (Form 720), line 14, only the gallons of mixtures that do not exceed your section 4081 taxable fuel liability. Tax preparation online Filing Claims This section tells you how to make a claim for a credit or refund of excise taxes on fuels. Tax preparation online This section also covers recordkeeping requirements and when to include the credit or refund in your income. Tax preparation online Generally, you will provide all the information needed to claim a credit or refund when you properly complete Form 8849, Form 4136, Schedule C (Form 720), Form 6478, or Form 8864. Tax preparation online In some cases, you will have to attach additional information. Tax preparation online You need to keep records that support your claim for a credit or refund. Tax preparation online Keep at your principal place of business all records needed to enable the IRS to verify that you are the person entitled to claim a credit or refund and the amount you claimed. Tax preparation online Ultimate purchaser. Tax preparation online   Ultimate purchasers may make claims for the nontaxable use of fuels on Form 4136, Schedule 1 (Form 8849), and Schedule C (Form 720) if reporting excise tax liability on that return. Tax preparation online If you are an ultimate purchaser, you must keep the following records. Tax preparation online The number of gallons purchased and used during the period covered by your claim. Tax preparation online The dates of the purchases. Tax preparation online The names and addresses of suppliers and amounts purchased from each in the period covered by your claim. Tax preparation online The nontaxable use for which you used the fuel. Tax preparation online The number of gallons used for each nontaxable use. Tax preparation online It is important that your records show separately the number of gallons used for each nontaxable use that qualifies as a claim. Tax preparation online If the fuel is exported, you must have proof of exportation. Tax preparation online   For more information about keeping records, see Publication 583, Starting a Business and Keeping Records, or chapter 1 of Publication 17, Your Federal Income Tax for Individuals. Tax preparation online Exceptions. Tax preparation online    Generally, the ultimate purchaser may not claim a credit or refund for undyed diesel fuel, undyed kerosene, or kerosene for use in aviation sold for the exclusive use of a state or local government. Tax preparation online However, see Claims by credit card issuers, later, for an exception. Tax preparation online The ultimate purchaser may not claim a credit or refund as follows. Tax preparation online The ultimate purchaser of gasoline or aviation gasoline used by a state or local government for its exclusive use or by a nonprofit educational organization for its exclusive use may waive its right to make a claim by providing a certificate that is signed under penalties of perjury by a person authorized to bind the ultimate purchaser and is in the same format as the Model Certificate M. Tax preparation online A new certificate is required each year or when any information in the current certificate expires. Tax preparation online The ultimate purchaser of kerosene for use in commercial aviation or noncommercial aviation (other than nonexempt, noncommercial aviation and exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia) may waive its right to make a claim by providing a waiver that is signed under penalties of perjury by a person authorized to bind the ultimate purchaser and is in the same format as the Model Waiver L. Tax preparation online A new waiver is required each year or when any information in the current waiver expires. Tax preparation online The ultimate purchaser of undyed diesel fuel or undyed kerosene used in certain intercity and local buses may waive its right to make a claim by providing a waiver that is signed under penalties of perjury by a person authorized to bind the ultimate purchaser and is in the same format as the Model Waiver N. Tax preparation online A new waiver is required each year or when any information in the current waiver expires. Tax preparation online The ultimate purchaser of kerosene for use in nonexempt, noncommercial aviation must provide a certificate that is signed under penalties of perjury by a person authorized to bind the ultimate purchaser and is in the same format as the Model Certificate Q. Tax preparation online A new certificate is required each year or when any information in the current certificate expires. Tax preparation online Registered ultimate vendor. Tax preparation online   Registered ultimate vendors may make claims for certain sales of fuels on Form 4136, Schedule 2 (Form 8849), and Schedule C (Form 720) if reporting excise tax liability on that return. Tax preparation online If you are a registered ultimate vendor, you must keep certain information pertaining to the sale of the fuel. Tax preparation online   To make a claim, you must have sold the fuel at a tax-excluded price, repaid the tax to the buyer, or obtained the buyer's written consent to the allowance of the claim. Tax preparation online You are required to have a valid certificate or waiver in your possession in order to make the claim. Tax preparation online   In addition, you must have a registration number that has not been revoked or suspended. Tax preparation online See Form 637. Tax preparation online State use. Tax preparation online   To make a claim as an ultimate vendor (state), you must have a UV registration number and the fuel cannot be purchased with a credit card as explained below. Tax preparation online If you sell undyed diesel fuel, undyed kerosene, or kerosene for use in aviation for use by a state or local government, you must keep the following information. Tax preparation online The name and taxpayer identification number of each person (government unit) that bought the fuel. Tax preparation online The number of gallons sold to each person. Tax preparation online An unexpired certificate from the buyer. Tax preparation online See Model Certificate P in the Appendix. Tax preparation online The certificate expires on the earlier of 1 year after the date of the certificate or the date a new certificate is given to the registered ultimate vendor. Tax preparation online Nonprofit educational organization and state use. Tax preparation online   To make a claim as an ultimate vendor (nonprofit educational organization or state), you must have a UV registration number and the fuel cannot be purchased with a credit card as explained later. Tax preparation online If you sell gasoline or aviation gasoline to a nonprofit educational organization for its exclusive use or to a state or local government for its exclusive use, you must keep the following information. Tax preparation online The name and taxpayer identification number of each person (nonprofit educational organization or government unit) that bought the fuel. Tax preparation online The number of gallons sold to each person. Tax preparation online An unexpired certificate from the buyer. Tax preparation online See Model Certificate M in the Appendix. Tax preparation online  The certificate expires on the earlier of 1 year after the date of the certificate or the date a new certificate is given to the registered ultimate vendor. Tax preparation online Blocked pump. Tax preparation online   To make a claim as an ultimate vendor (blocked pump), you must have a UP registration number. Tax preparation online If you sell undyed kerosene (other than kerosene for use in aviation) from a pump that qualifies as a blocked pump because it is locked by you after each sale and is unlocked by you at the request of the buyer, you must keep the following information for each sale of more than 5 gallons. Tax preparation online The date of each sale. Tax preparation online The name and address of the buyer. Tax preparation online The number of gallons sold to that buyer. Tax preparation online Certain intercity and local bus use. Tax preparation online   To make a claim as an ultimate vendor of undyed diesel fuel or undyed kerosene used in certain intercity and local buses, you must have a UB registration number. Tax preparation online You must keep the following information. Tax preparation online The date of each sale. Tax preparation online The name and address of the buyer. Tax preparation online The number of gallons sold to the buyer. Tax preparation online A copy of the waiver signed by the buyer at the time the credit or payment is claimed. Tax preparation online See Model Waiver N in the Appendix. Tax preparation online Kerosene for use in commercial aviation or noncommercial aviation. Tax preparation online   To make a claim as an ultimate vendor of kerosene for use in commercial aviation (other than foreign trade) or noncommercial aviation (other than nonexempt, noncommercial aviation and exclusive use by a state, political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia), you must have a UA registration number. Tax preparation online See Kerosene for use in aviation, earlier, for a list of nontaxable uses. Tax preparation online You must keep the following information. Tax preparation online The date of each sale. Tax preparation online The name and address of the buyer. Tax preparation online The number of gallons sold to the buyer. Tax preparation online A copy of the waiver signed by the buyer at the time the credit or payment is claimed. Tax preparation online See Model Waiver L in the Appendix. Tax preparation online Kerosene for use in nonexempt, noncommercial aviation. Tax preparation online   To make a claim as an ultimate vendor of kerosene for use in nonexempt, noncommercial aviation, you must have a UA registration number. Tax preparation online You must keep the following information. Tax preparation online The date of each sale. Tax preparation online The name and address of the buyer. Tax preparation online The number of gallons sold to the buyer. Tax preparation online A copy of the certificate signed by the buyer at the time the credit or payment is claimed. Tax preparation online See Model Certificate Q in the Appendix. Tax preparation online Claims by credit card issuers. Tax preparation online   For sales of gasoline, aviation gasoline, diesel fuel, kerosene, or kerosene for use in aviation that are purchased by an exempt user with the use of a credit card, the registered credit card issuer is the only person who can make the claim. Tax preparation online An exempt user for this purpose is: For gasoline or aviation gasoline, a state or local government (including essential government use by an Indian tribal government) or a nonprofit educational organization; or For diesel fuel, kerosene, or kerosene for use in aviation, a state or local government (including essential government use by an Indian tribal government). Tax preparation online   If gasoline is purchased without the use of a credit card, then the registered ultimate vendor of the gasoline may make the claim for refund or credit. Tax preparation online However, if the gasoline is purchased with a credit card issued to a state, but the credit card issuer is not registered by the IRS or does not meet the conditions described, the credit card issuer must collect the tax and the state may make the claim. Tax preparation online   If diesel fuel, kerosene, or kerosene for use in aviation is purchased without the use of a credit card, the registered ultimate vendor may make the claim for refund or credit. Tax preparation online A state is not allowed to make a claim for these fuels. Tax preparation online However, if the diesel fuel or kerosene is purchased with a credit card issued to a state, but the credit card issuer is not registered by the IRS or does not meet the conditions described, the credit card issuer must collect the tax and the state may make the claim. Tax preparation online   The claim from the credit card issuer must contain the following information as it applies to the fuel covered in the claim. Tax preparation online The total number of gallons. Tax preparation online Its registration number. Tax preparation online A statement that it has not collected the amount of tax from the ultimate purchaser or has obtained the written consent of the ultimate purchaser to make the claim. Tax preparation online A statement that it has repaid or agreed to repay the amount of tax to the ultimate vendor, has obtained the written consent of the ultimate vendor to make the claim, or has otherwise made arrangements which directly or indirectly provide the ultimate vendor with reimbursement of the tax. Tax preparation online Has in its possession an unexpired certificate similar to Model Certificate R in the Appendix and has no reason to believe any of the information in the certificate is false. Tax preparation online Taxpayer identification number. Tax preparation online   To file a claim, you must have a taxpayer identification number. Tax preparation online Your taxpayer identification number can be an: Employer identification number (EIN), Social security number (SSN), or Individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN), if you are an alien individual and do not have and are not eligible to get an SSN. Tax preparation online   If you normally file only a U. Tax preparation online S. Tax preparation online individual income tax return (such as Form 1040 or 1040NR), use your SSN or ITIN. Tax preparation online You get an SSN by filing Form SS-5, Application for a Social Security Card, with the Social Security Administration. Tax preparation online To get an ITIN, file Form W-7, Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number, with the IRS. Tax preparation online   If you operate a business, use your EIN. Tax preparation online If you do not have an EIN, you may apply for one online. Tax preparation online Go to the IRS website at irs. Tax preparation online gov/businesses/small and click on the “Employer ID Numbers (EINs)” link. Tax preparation online You may also apply for an EIN by calling 1-800-829-4933, or you can fax or mail Form SS-4, Application for Employer Identification Number, to the IRS. Tax preparation online Claiming A Refund Generally, you may claim a refund of excise taxes on Form 8849. Tax preparation online Complete and attach to Form 8849 the appropriate Form 8849 schedules. Tax preparation online The instructions for Form 8849 and the separate instructions for each schedule explain the requirements for making a claim for refund. Tax preparation online If you file Form 720, you can use the Schedule C (Form 720) for your refund claims for the quarter. Tax preparation online See the Instructions for Form 720. Tax preparation online Do not claim a refund on Form 8849 for any amount for which you have filed or will file a claim on Schedule C (Form 720) or Form 4136. Tax preparation online The alternative fuel mixture credit must be claimed on Schedule C (Form 720) against your section 4081 taxable fuel liability for gasoline, diesel, and kerosene and any excess is not allowed. Tax preparation online The alternative fuel credit must first be claimed on Schedule C (Form 720) against your section 4041 taxable fuel liability for alternative fuel and CNG. Tax preparation online To the extent the alternative fuel credit exceeds this taxable fuel liability, a payment is allowed and may be claimed as a credit on Schedule C (Form 720), or as an income tax credit on Forms 4136, 6478, or 8864, as applicable. Tax preparation online Only one claim may be made for any particular amount of alternative fuel. Tax preparation online Claiming a Credit on Form 4136 For alternative fuel mixtures produced after December 31, 2011, the alternative fuel mixture credit cannot be claimed on Form 4136. Tax preparation online See Biodiesel or Renewable Diesel Mixture Credit, Alternative Fuel Credit and Alternative Fuel Mixture Credit in chapter 2, earlier. Tax preparation online A credit may be claimed for certain uses and sales of fuels on Form 4136 when you file your income tax return at the end of the year. Tax preparation online If you meet certain requirements (discussed earlier), you may be able to make a claim during the year. Tax preparation online Credit only. Tax preparation online   You can claim the following taxes only as a credit on Form 4136. Tax preparation online Tax on fuels used for nontaxable uses if the total for your tax year is less than $750. Tax preparation online Tax on fuel you did not include in any claim for refund previously filed for any quarter of your tax year. Tax preparation online Tax on fuel you used in mobile machinery (off-highway business use) that traveled less than 7,500 miles on public highways. Tax preparation online Do not claim a credit for any amount for which you have filed a refund claim on Form 8849 or credit on Schedule C (Form 720). Tax preparation online When to file. Tax preparation online   You can claim a fuel tax credit on your income tax return for the year you used the fuel (or sold the fuel in the case of a registered ultimate vendor claim). Tax preparation online You may be able to make a fuel tax claim on an amended income tax return for the year you used the fuel. Tax preparation online Generally, you must file an amended return by the later of 3 years from the date you filed your original return or within 2 years from the date you paid the income tax. Tax preparation online How to claim a credit. Tax preparation online   How you claim a credit depends on whether you are an individual, partnership, corporation, S corporation, or farmers' cooperative association. Tax preparation online Individuals. Tax preparation online   You claim the credit on the “Credits from” line of Form 1040. Tax preparation online Also check box b on that line. Tax preparation online If you would not otherwise have to file an income tax return, you must do so to get a fuel tax credit. Tax preparation online Partnerships. Tax preparation online   Partnerships (other than electing large partnerships) claim the credit by including a statement on Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), Partner's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. Tax preparation online , showing each partner's share of the number of gallons of each fuel sold or used for a non
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Get the Help You Need

Don't give up if you are not satisfied with the seller's response to your complaint. Once you have given the seller a reasonable amount of time to respond, consider filing a complaint with one or more of these outside organizations.

  • State or local consumer protection offices – These government agencies mediate complaints, conduct investigations, and prosecute offenders of consumer laws.
  • Better Business Bureaus – This network of nonprofit organizations supported by local businesses tries to resolve buyer complaints against sellers. Records are kept on unresolved complaints as a source of information for the seller's future customers. The umbrella organization for the BBBs assists with complaints concerning the truthfulness of national advertising and helps settle disputes with automobile manufacturers through the BBB AUTO LINE program.
  • Trade associations – Companies selling similar products or services often belong to an industry association that will help resolve problems between their members and consumers.
  • National consumer organizations – Some of these organizations assist consumers with complaints. Others may be unable to help individuals but are interested in hearing about problems that may influence their education and advocacy efforts.
  • State regulatory agencies that have jurisdiction over the business – For example, banking, securities, insurance, and utilities are regulated at the state level. State Weights and Measures Offices are concerned with accurate measures and counts of packaged goods. They also check the accuracy of weighing and measuring devices such as supermarket scales, gasoline pumps, taxi meters and rental car odometers.
  • State and local licensing agencies – Doctors, lawyers, home improvement contractors, auto repair shops, debt collectors, and childcare providers are required to register or be licensed. The board or agency that oversees this process may handle complaints and have the authority to take disciplinary action. Your state or local consumer protection office can help you identify the appropriate agency.
  • Media programs – Local newspapers, radio stations, and television stations often have Action Lines or Hotline services that try to resolve consumer complaints they receive. To find these services, check with your local newspapers or broadcast stations.
  • Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) – Report a safety concern or incident with a consumer product at CPSC's website, saferproducts.gov, even if you are able to contact the seller. Your report can help other consumers avoid unsafe products.

Dispute Resolution Programs

Some companies and industries offer programs to address disagreements between buyers and sellers. The auto industry has several of these programs. The National Association of Security Dealers offers a program designed to resolve investment-related disputes. Some small claims courts also offer a dispute resolution program as an alternative to a trial.

Mediation, arbitration, and conciliation are three common types of dispute resolution. During mediation, both sides involved in the dispute meet with a neutral third party and create their own agreement jointly. Arbitration uses a different approach, the third party decides how to settle the problem. Request a copy of the rules of any program before making a decision to participate. You will want to know beforehand if the decision is binding. Some programs do not require both parties to accept the decision. Also ask whether participation in the program place any restrictions on your ability to take other legal action? The American Bar Association publishes a directory of state and local dispute resolution programs.

Beware of Recovery Services

A scam artist has taken your money. Don't be scammed again by a "recovery service" offering to get your money back for you. The service is just trying to take your last dime. There is no charge for filing a complaint with a government agency.

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