File your Taxes for Free!
  • Get your maximum refund*
  • 100% accurate calculations guaranteed*

TurboTax Federal Free Edition - File Taxes Online

Don't let filing your taxes get you down! We'll help make it as easy as possible. With e-file and direct deposit, there's no faster way to get your refund!

Approved TurboTax Affiliate Site. TurboTax and TurboTax Online, among others, are registered trademarks and/or service marks of Intuit Inc. in the United States and other countries. Other parties' trademarks or service marks are the property of the respective owners.


© 2012 - 2018 All rights reserved.

This is an Approved TurboTax Affiliate site. TurboTax and TurboTax Online, among other are registered trademarks and/or service marks of Intuit, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Other parties' trademarks or service marks are the property of the respective owners.
When discussing "Free e-file", note that state e-file is an additional fee. E-file fees do not apply to New York state returns. Prices are subject to change without notice. E-file and get your refund faster
*If you pay an IRS or state penalty or interest because of a TurboTax calculations error, we'll pay you the penalty and interest.
*Maximum Refund Guarantee - or Your Money Back: If you get a larger refund or smaller tax due from another tax preparation method, we'll refund the applicable TurboTax federal and/or state purchase price paid. TurboTax Federal Free Edition customers are entitled to payment of $14.99 and a refund of your state purchase price paid. Claims must be submitted within sixty (60) days of your TurboTax filing date and no later than 6/15/14. E-file, Audit Defense, Professional Review, Refund Transfer and technical support fees are excluded. This guarantee cannot be combined with the TurboTax Satisfaction (Easy) Guarantee. *We're so confident your return will be done right, we guarantee it. Accurate calculations guaranteed. If you pay an IRS or state penalty or interest because of a TurboTax calculations error, we'll pay you the penalty and interest.
https://turbotax.intuit.com/corp/guarantees.jsp

Irs Ez Form 2011

Late Tax Penalty1040ezWww Onlinetaxes Hrblock ComIrs ComFile My 2011 Tax Return For FreeIrs Instructions 1040Free Tax Filing 2011 State And FederalTurbotax 2008 E FileNy State Tax Forms 2011Amended Tax Return Form 2011Student Income Tax1040ex Form2012 1040ezMyfreetaxes OrgFree Ez Tax Form1040 Ez Tax FormFile Past Taxes For FreeTax Forms 1040ezFiling 2012 Taxes In 2013File 2011 Taxes Free OnlineIrs Tax Amendment FormStudent Tax ReturnFederal Ez Tax Form 2012Federal Income Tax Form1040ez 2012 InstructionsAmended Federal Tax Return FormHow Do I Amend My 2012 Tax Return OnlineFile Your 2011 Taxes For FreeDo Tax Amendment2012 Form 1040ezFree Irs Tax Forms 2011Free Tax Prep1040 Form 20111040ez Tax InstructionsEz FormsFiling 2012 Taxes LateFree Tax Filing For 20121040 Ez Form OnlineDo Active Military Pay TaxesH&r Block State Tax Coupon

Irs Ez Form 2011

Irs ez form 2011 Index A Assistance (see Tax help) F Free tax services, How To Get Tax Help H Help (see Tax help) P Publications (see Tax help) T Tax help, How To Get Tax Help TTY/TDD information, How To Get Tax Help Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications
Print - Click this link to Print this page

SOI Tax Stats - SOI Working Papers

Return to the Tax Stats home page

Statistics of Income Working Papers

The Statistics of Income (SOI) working papers present new and exciting research on the U.S. Federal tax system and the methods used to produce tax statistics. Papers are presented at professional conferences, such as the Joint Statistical Meeting of the American Statistical Association and the National Tax Association’s annual conference on taxation, and are often published in professional journals. Below you will find a selection of papers organized by presentation year.

Papers in this series generally do not undergo the extensive review and editorial process accorded official SOI publications. Instead, these working papers are intended to make results of research available to others and to encourage discussion on a variety of topics. As a result, papers may be occasionally revised or updated.

Jump to a year:

1997  1998  1999  2000  2001  2002  2003  2004  2005  2006  2007  2008  2009  2011  2013  2014


2014

Older Taxpayers’ Response to Taxation of Social Security Benefits
Leonard Burman, Syracuse University and the Tax Policy Center, Norma B. Coe, University of Washington and the National Bureau of Economic Research, Kevin Pierce, Internal Revenue Service, Liu Tian, Syracuse University

Over the Top: How Tax Returns Show that the Very Rich Are Different from You and Me
Jenny Bourne and Lisa Rosenmerkel

The Economic Impact of Tax Expenditures: Evidence from Spatial Variation Across the U.S.
Associated Tables (.xls format)
Raj Chetty and Nathaniel Hendren, Harvard University and the National Bureau of Economic Research, and, Patrick Kline and Emmanuel Saez, University of California, Berkeley and the National Bureau of Economic Research

Back to the top

2013

The Home Mortgage Interest Deduction and Migratory Insurance Over the Great Recession
Danny Yagan, University of California, Berkeley

Do Financial Frictions Amplify Fiscal Policy? Evidence from Business Investment Stimulus
Eric Zwick and James Mahon, Harvard University

A New Look at the Income-Wealth Connection for America’s Wealthiest Decedents
Barry Johnson, Brian Raub, and Joseph Newcomb, Statistics of Income, IRS

A Comparison of Wealth Estimates For America’s Wealthiest Decedents Using Tax Data and Data From The Forbes 400
Barry Johnson, Brian Raub, and Joseph Newcomb, Statistics of Income, IRS

Capital Tax Reform and the Real Economy: The Effects of the 2003 Dividend Tax Cut
Danny Yagan, University of California, Berkeley

Do Tax Credits for Parents Affect Child College Enrollment?
Nathaniel G. Hilger, Brown University

Back to the top

2011

New Evidence on the Long-Term Impacts of Tax Credits
Raj Chetty and JohnFriedman, Harvard University and the National Bureau of Economic Research, and Jonah Rockoff, Columbia University and the National Bureau of Economic Research

Back to the top

2009

Variance Estimation for Estimators of Between-Year Change in Totals from Two Stratified Bernoulli Samples
Henry, Kimberly; Testa, Valerie; Valliant, Richard

The Effect of Late-Filed Returns on Population Estimates: A Comparative Analysis
Raub, Brian; Belmonte, Cynthia; Arnsberger, Paul; Ludlum, Melissa

Variance Estimation for Estimators of Between-Year Change in Totals from Two Stratified Bernoulli Samples
Kimberly Henry and Valerie Testa, Internal Revenue Service and Richard Valliant, University of Michigan

The Effect of Late-Filed Returns on Population Estimates: A Comparative Analysis
Brian Raub, Cynthia Belmonte, Paul Arnsberger, and Melissa Ludlum, Internal Revenue Service

Back to the top

2008

Dissemination Of Statistical Products: The IRS’s Journey
Gangi, Martha Eller

Attrition in the Individual Income Tax Return Panel, Tax Years 1999–2005
Bryant, Victoria

Statistics of Income Sales of Capital Assets Sample Redesign for Tax Year 2007
Liu, Yan; Scali, Jana; Strudler, Michael; Wilson, Janette

90 Years of SOI: A Collection of Historical Articles
Multiple Authors

Using Audit Data To Estimate Taxpayer Reporting Error in the Statistics of Income Division's Individual Tax Return Sample
Henry, Kimberly

Differences in Income Estimates Derived from Survey and Tax Data
Johnson, Barry; Moore, Kevin

Old Tabulations, Old Files, and a Brief History of Individual Tax Return Sampling
Weber, Michael; Paris, David; Sailer, Peter

Back to the top

2007

Measuring Disclosure Risk and an Examination of the Possibilities of Using Synthetic Data in the Individual Income Tax Return Public Use File
Vartivarian, Sonya; Czajka, John; Weber, Michael

Measuring the Quality of Service to Taxpayers in Volunteer Sites
Cecco, Kevin; Walsh, Ronald; Hooker, Rachael

SOI Develops Better Survey Questions Through Pretesting
Milleville, Diane; Wells, Tara

Using the Statistics of Income Division's Sample Data To Reduce Measurement and Processing Error in Small-Area Estimates Produced from Administrative Tax Records
Henry, Kimberly; Lahiri, Partha; Fisher, Robin

An Empirical Evaluation of Various Direct, Synthetic, and Traditional Composite Small-Area Estimators
Henry, Kimberly; Strudler, Michael; Chen, William

Evaluating Alternative One-Sided Coverage Intervals for an Extreme Binomial Proportion
Liu, Yan; Kott, Phillip

Improving the Quality of U.S. Tax Statistics: Recent Innovations in Editing and Imputation Techniques at the Statistics of Income Division of the U.S. Internal Revenue Service
Scott M. Hollenbeck, Melissa Ludlum, and Barry W. Johnson, Internal Revenue Service

Using an Individual Income Tax Panel File To Measure Changes in Marginal Tax Rates: Opportunities
Diamond, John; Rector, Ralph; Weber, Michael

Back to the top

2006

Social Security Taxes, Social Security Benefits, and Social Security Benefits Taxation, 2003
Sailer, Peter; Pierce, Kevin; Lomize, Evgenia

Analysis of the Distributions of Income, Taxes, and Payroll Taxes via Cross Section and Panel Data, 1979–2004
Strudler, Michael; Hentz, Lori; Petska, Tom; Petska, Ryan

Performance Measurement within the Statistics of Income Division
Cecco, Kevin

Customer Satisfaction Initiatives at IRS’s Statistics of Income: Using Surveys to Improve Customer Service
Schwartz, Ruth; Kilss, Beth

Tying Website Performance to Mission Achievement in the Federal Government
Milleville, Diane

The Tax Year 1999–2003 Individual Income Tax Return Panel: A First Look at the Data
Weber, Michael

Application of an Evolutionary Algorithm to Multivariate Optimal Allocation in Stratified Sample Designs
Day, Charles

Factors in Estates’ Utilization of Special Tax Provisions for Family-Owned Farms and Closely Held Businesses
Gangi, Martha Eller; Henry, Kimberly; Raub, Brian

Corporation Life Cycles: Examining Attrition Trends and Return Characteristics in Statistics of Income Cross-Sectional 1120 Samples
Matthew L. Scoffic

An Analysis of the Free File Program
Chu, Michelle; Kovalick, Melissa

Comparing Strategies To Estimate a Measure of Heteroscedasticity
Henry, Kimberly; Valliant, Richard

Creativity and Compromise: Constructing a Panel of Income and Estate Tax Data for Wealthy Individuals
Johnson, Barry; Schreiber, Lisa

Monitoring Statistics of Income (SOI) Samples
Koshansky, Joseph

Back to the top

2005

Trends in 401(k) and IRA Contribution Activity, 1999–2002—Results from a Panel of Matched Tax Returns and Information Documents
Sailer, Peter; Bryant, Victoria Holden, Sarah

The 1999 Individual Income Tax Return Edited Panel
Weber, Michael; Bryant, Victoria

A Cluster Analysis Approach To Describing Tax Data
Raub, Brian; Chen, William

Origins of the Estate and Personal Wealth Sample Design
McMahon, Paul

Corporation Supercritical Cases: How Do Imputed Returns on the Corporate File Compare to the Actual Returns?
Davitian, Lucy

Internal Revenue Service Area-To-Area Migration Data: Strengths, Limitations, and Current Trends
Gross, Emily

A Comparison of Income Concepts: IRS Statistics of Income, Census Current Population Survey, and BLS Consumer Expenditure Survey
Henry, Eric; Day, Charles

Measuring Nonsampling Error in the Statistics of Income Individual Tax Return Study
Scali, Jana; Testa, Valerie; Kahr, Maureen; Strudler, Michael

The Impact of the Followup Process on the 2002 Foreign Tax Credit Study Data
Singmaster, Rob; Redmiles, Lissa

Prelude to Schedule M–3: Schedule M–1 Corporate Book-Tax Difference Data, 1990–2003
Boynton, Charles; DeFilippes, Portia; Legel, Ellen

An Essay on the Effects of Taxation on the Corporate Financial Policy
Contos, George

An Analysis of Business Organizational Structure and Activity from Tax Data
Petska, Tom; Parisi, Michael; Luttrell, Kelly; Davitian, Lucy; Scoffic, Matt

Geographic Variation in Schedule H Filing Rates: Why Should Location Influence the Decision To Report Nanny Taxes?
Bloomquist, Kim; An, Zhiyong

Current Research in the Nonprofit Sector
Arnsberger, Paul; Ludlum, Melissa; Riley, Margaret

Back to the top

2004

Use of Individual Retirement Arrangements to Save for Retirement—Results From a Matched File of Tax Returns and Information Documents for Tax Year 2001
Sailer, Peter; Holden, Sarah

Further Analysis of the Distribution of Income and Taxes, 1979–2003
Strudler, Michael; Petska, Tom; Petska, Ryan

The Statistics of Income 1979–2002 Continuous Work History Sample Individual Income Tax Return Panel
Weber, Michael

Assessing Industry Codes on the IRS Business Master File
McMahon, Paul

Customer Satisfaction Initiatives within the Statistics of Income Division of the Internal Revenue Service
Cecco, Kevin

The Evolution of IRS Telephone Quality Measures
Rosage, Laura

Some New Tables for Upper Probability Points of the Largest Root of a Determinantal Equation
Chen, William

Editor Judgment Effect: Modeling a Key Component of Nonsampling Error in Administrative Data
Henry, Kimberly; Ahmed, Yahia; Legel, Ellen

The Effect of Content Errors on Bias and Nonsampling Variance in Estimates Derived From Samples
Johnson, Barry; Jacobson,Darien B.

Data Interpretation across Sources: A Study of Form 990–PF Information Collected from Multiple Databases
Ludlum, Melissa

Recent Research on Small Business Compliance Burden
Guyton, John; Kindlon, Audrey; Zhou, Jian

The Mismeasure of Man’s Well-Being: Refining Realized Income Measures with Wealth, Portfolio, and Mortality Information
Johnson, Barry; Wahl, Jenny

Tax Evasion and Entrepreneurship: The Effect of Income Reporting Policies on Evasion. An Experimental Approach
Alm, James; Deskins, John; McKee, Michael

Audit Information Dissemination, Taxpayer Communication and Tax Compliance: An Experimental Investigation of Indirect Audit Effects
Alm, James; Jackson, Betty; McKee, Michael

Multi-Agent Based Simulation of the Deterrent Effects of Taxpayer Audits
Bloomquist, Kim

Developing Adoptable Disclosure Protection Techniques: Lessons Learned From a U.S. Experience
Greenia, Nicholas

Consider the Source: Differences in Income Estimates Derived from Survey and Tax Data
Johnson, Barry; Moore, Kevin

Back to the top

2003

The Effects of Tax Reform on the Structure of U.S. Business
Legel, Ellen; Bennett, Kelly; Parisi, Michael

Accumulation and Distributions of Retirement Assets, 1996–2000—Results from a Matched File of Tax Returns and Information Returns
Sailer, Peter; Gurka, Kurt; Holden, Sarah

An Analysis of the Distribution of Individual Income and Taxes, 1979–2001
Strudler, Michael; Petska, Tom; Petska, Ryan

IRS Seeks to Develop New Web-Based Measurement Indicators for IRS.gov
Dixon, Diane

Statistical Information Services at IRS: Improving Dissemination of Data and Satisfying the Customer
Kilss, Beth; Jordan, David

Recent Efforts to Maximize Benefits from the Statistics of Income Advisory Panel
Petska, Tom; Kilss, Beth

Regulatory Exemptions and Item Nonresponse
McMahon, Paul

Comparing Scoring Systems From Cluster Analysis and Discriminant Analysis Using Random Samples
Wong, William; Ho, Chih-Chin

Estimating the Compliance Cost of the U.S. Individual Income Tax
Toder, Eric J.; Guyton, John; O'Hare, John; Stavrianos, Michael

Tax Evasion, Income Inequality and Opportunity Costs of Compliance
Bloomquist, Kim

IRS's Comprehensive Approach to Compliance Measurement
Brown, Robert; Mazur, Mark

Back to the top

2002

Salaries and Wages and Deferred Income, 1989–1999
Sailer, Peter; Yau, Ellen; Gurka, Kurt; Weber, Michael

Proxies in Administrative Records Surveys
McMahon, Paul

Assessing Disclosure Protection for a SOI Public Use File
Winglee, Marianne; Valliant, Richard; Clark, Jay; Lim, Yunhee; Weber, Michael; Strudler, Michael

Electronic Dissemination of Internal Revenue Service Locality Data
Gross, Emily; Kilss, Beth

Analysis of the 1998 Gift Tax Panel Study
Eller, Martha Britton; Rib, Tamara

Evaluating the Effect of Sample Size Changes on Scoring System Performance Using Bootstraps and Random Samples
Wong, William; Ho, Chih-Chin

Using Auxiliary Information to Adjust for Non-Response in Weighting a Linked Sample of Administrative Records
Johnson, Barry: McMahon, Paul

Developing an Econometric Model for Measuring Tax Noncompliance Using Operational Audit Data
Erard, Brian; Ho, Chih-Chin

Some New Tables of the Largest Root of a Matrix in Multivariate Analysis: A Computer Approach from 2 to 6
Chen, William

Are Taxpayers Increasing the Buildup of Retirement Assets? Preliminary Results from a Matched File of Tax Year 1999 Tax Returns and Information Returns
Sailer, Peter; Weber, Michael; Gurka, Kurt

New Estimates of the Distribution of Individual Income and Taxes
Strudler, Michael; Petska, Tom; Petska, Ryan

How the Quality of Responses the IRS Provides to Taxpayer Inquiries is Measured
Cecco, Kevin; Hoopengardner, Rachael

The Impact of the IRS on Voluntary Tax Compliance: Preliminary Empirical Results
Plumley, Alan

Back to the top

2001

Taxing Charity: Linking Income Tax Returns to Samples of Nonexempt Charitable and Charitable Remainder
Belvedere, Melissa; Mikow, Jacob; Whitten, Melissa

The 1998 Gift Tax Panel Study: Using The IRS Returns Transaction File as a Sample Frame
Eller, Martha Britton; Rib, Tamara

Sample Design Revisions in the Wake of NAICS and Regulatory Changes
McMahon, Paul

Statistical Information from Administrative Records in the Federal Tax System
Petska, Tom

Back to the top

2000

Exporting a Statistical System: Towards Establishing a Tax Statistics Function in South Africa
Petska, Tom

Beyond Andrew Carnegie: Using a Linked Sample of Federal Income and Estate Tax Returns to Examine the Effects of Bequests on Beneficiary Behavior
Mikow, Jacob; Berkowitz, Darien

Statistical Consulting Within the Internal Revenue Service
Cecco, Kevin; Walsh, Ronald

Attrition in a Panel of Individual Income Tax Returns, 1992–1997
Sailer, Peter; Weber, Michael; Wong, William

Back to the top

1999

The Distribution of Individual Income and Taxes: A New Look at an Old Issue
Petska, Tom; Strudler, Mike

Personal Wealth, 1995
Johnson, Barry

Further Examination of the Distribution of Individual Income and Taxes Using a Consistent and Comprehensive Measure of Income
Petska, Tom; Strudler, Mike; Petska, Ryan

Customer Service Satisfaction Survey: Cognitive and Prototype Test
Cecco, Kevin; Young, Anthony

On Computing Gaussian Curvature of Some Well Known Distributions
Chen, William

The Feasiblity of State Corporate Data
Francis, Brian

Using a Sample of Federal Estate Tax Returns to Examine the Effects of Audit Revaluation on Pre-Audit Estimates
Eller, Martha Britton; Johnson, Barry

Occupation and Industry Data from Tax Year 1993 Individual Tax Returns
Sailer, Peter; Nuriddin, Terry

Back to the top

1998

Income, Tax, and Tax Progressivity: An Examination of Recent Trends in the Distribution of Individual Income and Taxes
Petska, Tom; Strudler, Mike

Updating Techniques for Estimating Wealth from Federal Estate Tax Returns
Johnson, Barry

The IRS Population Count: An Update
Sailer, Peter; Weber, Michael

Back to the top

1997

Taxes and Business Organizational Choice: Deja Vu All Over Again?
Petska, Tom

Partnerships in Data Sharing: The Internal Revenue Service and the Bureau of Economic Analysis
Petska, Tom

Federal Taxation of Inheritance and Wealth Transfers
Johnson, Barry; Eller, Martha Britton

Household and Individual Income Data from Tax Returns
Sailer, Peter; Weber, Michael

Back to the top


Return to the Tax Stats home page

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 10-Mar-2014

The Irs Ez Form 2011

Irs ez form 2011 Publication 561 - Main Contents Table of Contents What Is Fair Market Value (FMV)?Factors. Irs ez form 2011 Stock. Irs ez form 2011 Options. Irs ez form 2011 Determining Fair Market Value Problems in Determining Fair Market Value Valuation of Various Kinds of PropertyHousehold Goods Used Clothing Jewelry and Gems Paintings, Antiques, and Other Objects of Art Collections Cars, Boats, and Aircraft Inventory Patents Stocks and Bonds Real Estate Interest in a Business Annuities, Interests for Life or Terms of Years, Remainders, and Reversions Certain Life Insurance and Annuity Contracts Partial Interest in Property Not in Trust AppraisalsDeductions of More Than $5,000 Deductions of More Than $500,000 Qualified Appraisal Form 8283 Internal Revenue Service Review of Appraisals Penalty How To Get Tax HelpLow income tax clinics (LITCs). Irs ez form 2011 What Is Fair Market Value (FMV)? To figure how much you may deduct for property that you contribute, you must first determine its fair market value on the date of the contribution. Irs ez form 2011 Fair market value. Irs ez form 2011   Fair market value (FMV) is the price that property would sell for on the open market. Irs ez form 2011 It is the price that would be agreed on between a willing buyer and a willing seller, with neither being required to act, and both having reasonable knowledge of the relevant facts. Irs ez form 2011 If you put a restriction on the use of property you donate, the FMV must reflect that restriction. Irs ez form 2011 Example 1. Irs ez form 2011 If you give used clothing to the Salvation Army, the FMV would be the price that typical buyers actually pay for clothing of this age, condition, style, and use. Irs ez form 2011 Usually, such items are worth far less than what you paid for them. Irs ez form 2011 Example 2. Irs ez form 2011 If you donate land and restrict its use to agricultural purposes, you must value the land at its value for agricultural purposes, even though it would have a higher FMV if it were not restricted. Irs ez form 2011 Factors. Irs ez form 2011   In making and supporting the valuation of property, all factors affecting value are relevant and must be considered. Irs ez form 2011 These include: The cost or selling price of the item, Sales of comparable properties, Replacement cost, and Opinions of experts. Irs ez form 2011   These factors are discussed later. Irs ez form 2011 Also, see Table 1 for a summary of questions to ask as you consider each factor. Irs ez form 2011 Date of contribution. Irs ez form 2011   Ordinarily, the date of a contribution is the date that the transfer of the property takes place. Irs ez form 2011 Stock. Irs ez form 2011   If you deliver, without any conditions, a properly endorsed stock certificate to a qualified organization or to an agent of the organization, the date of the contribution is the date of delivery. Irs ez form 2011 If the certificate is mailed and received through the regular mail, it is the date of mailing. Irs ez form 2011 If you deliver the certificate to a bank or broker acting as your agent or to the issuing corporation or its agent, for transfer into the name of the organization, the date of the contribution is the date the stock is transferred on the books of the corporation. Irs ez form 2011 Options. Irs ez form 2011   If you grant an option to a qualified organization to buy real property, you have not made a charitable contribution until the organization exercises the option. Irs ez form 2011 The amount of the contribution is the FMV of the property on the date the option is exercised minus the exercise price. Irs ez form 2011 Example. Irs ez form 2011 You grant an option to a local university, which is a qualified organization, to buy real property. Irs ez form 2011 Under the option, the university could buy the property at any time during a 2-year period for $40,000. Irs ez form 2011 The FMV of the property on the date the option is granted is $50,000. Irs ez form 2011 In the following tax year, the university exercises the option. Irs ez form 2011 The FMV of the property on the date the option is exercised is $55,000. Irs ez form 2011 Therefore, you have made a charitable contribution of $15,000 ($55,000, the FMV, minus $40,000, the exercise price) in the tax year the option is exercised. Irs ez form 2011 Determining Fair Market Value Determining the value of donated property would be a simple matter if you could rely only on fixed formulas, rules, or methods. Irs ez form 2011 Usually it is not that simple. Irs ez form 2011 Using such formulas, etc. Irs ez form 2011 , seldom results in an acceptable determination of FMV. Irs ez form 2011 There is no single formula that always applies when determining the value of property. Irs ez form 2011 This is not to say that a valuation is only guesswork. Irs ez form 2011 You must consider all the facts and circumstances connected with the property, such as its desirability, use, and scarcity. Irs ez form 2011 For example, donated furniture should not be evaluated at some fixed rate such as 15% of the cost of new replacement furniture. Irs ez form 2011 When the furniture is contributed, it may be out of style or in poor condition, therefore having little or no market value. Irs ez form 2011 On the other hand, it may be an antique, the value of which could not be determined by using any formula. Irs ez form 2011 Cost or Selling Price of the Donated Property The cost of the property to you or the actual selling price received by the qualified organization may be the best indication of its FMV. Irs ez form 2011 However, because conditions in the market change, the cost or selling price of property may have less weight if the property was not bought or sold reasonably close to the date of contribution. Irs ez form 2011 The cost or selling price is a good indication of the property's value if: The purchase or sale took place close to the valuation date in an open market, The purchase or sale was at “arm's-length,” The buyer and seller knew all relevant facts, The buyer and seller did not have to act, and The market did not change between the date of purchase or sale and the valuation date. Irs ez form 2011 Example. Irs ez form 2011 Tom Morgan, who is not a dealer in gems, bought an assortment of gems for $5,000 from a promoter. Irs ez form 2011 The promoter claimed that the price was “wholesale” even though he and other dealers made similar sales at similar prices to other persons who were not dealers. Irs ez form 2011 The promoter said that if Tom kept the gems for more than 1 year and then gave them to charity, Tom could claim a charitable deduction of $15,000, which, according to the promoter, would be the value of the gems at the time of contribution. Irs ez form 2011 Tom gave the gems to a qualified charity 13 months after buying them. Irs ez form 2011 The selling price for these gems had not changed from the date of purchase to the date he donated them to charity. Irs ez form 2011 The best evidence of FMV depends on actual transactions and not on some artificial estimate. Irs ez form 2011 The $5,000 charged Tom and others is, therefore, the best evidence of the maximum FMV of the gems. Irs ez form 2011 Terms of the purchase or sale. Irs ez form 2011   The terms of the purchase or sale should be considered in determining FMV if they influenced the price. Irs ez form 2011 These terms include any restrictions, understandings, or covenants limiting the use or disposition of the property. Irs ez form 2011 Rate of increase or decrease in value. Irs ez form 2011   Unless you can show that there were unusual circumstances, it is assumed that the increase or decrease in the value of your donated property from your cost has been at a reasonable rate. Irs ez form 2011 For time adjustments, an appraiser may consider published price indexes for information on general price trends, building costs, commodity costs, securities, and works of art sold at auction in arm's-length sales. Irs ez form 2011 Example. Irs ez form 2011 Bill Brown bought a painting for $10,000. Irs ez form 2011 Thirteen months later he gave it to an art museum, claiming a charitable deduction of $15,000 on his tax return. Irs ez form 2011 The appraisal of the painting should include information showing that there were unusual circumstances that justify a 50% increase in value for the 13 months Bill held the property. Irs ez form 2011 Arm's-length offer. Irs ez form 2011   An arm's-length offer to buy the property close to the valuation date may help to prove its value if the person making the offer was willing and able to complete the transaction. Irs ez form 2011 To rely on an offer, you should be able to show proof of the offer and the specific amount to be paid. Irs ez form 2011 Offers to buy property other than the donated item will help to determine value if the other property is reasonably similar to the donated property. Irs ez form 2011 Sales of Comparable Properties The sales prices of properties similar to the donated property are often important in determining the FMV. Irs ez form 2011 The weight to be given to each sale depends on the following. Irs ez form 2011 The degree of similarity between the property sold and the donated property. Irs ez form 2011 The time of the sale—whether it was close to the valuation date. Irs ez form 2011 The circumstances of the sale—whether it was at arm's-length with a knowledgeable buyer and seller, with neither having to act. Irs ez form 2011 The conditions of the market in which the sale was made—whether unusually inflated or deflated. Irs ez form 2011 The comparable sales method of valuing real estate is explained later under Valuation of Various Kinds of Property. Irs ez form 2011 Example 1. Irs ez form 2011 Mary Black, who is not a book dealer, paid a promoter $10,000 for 500 copies of a single edition of a modern translation of the Bible. Irs ez form 2011 The promoter had claimed that the price was considerably less than the “retail” price, and gave her a statement that the books had a total retail value of $30,000. Irs ez form 2011 The promoter advised her that if she kept the Bibles for more than 1 year and then gave them to a qualified organization, she could claim a charitable deduction for the “retail” price of $30,000. Irs ez form 2011 Thirteen months later she gave all the Bibles to a church that she selected from a list provided by the promoter. Irs ez form 2011 At the time of her donation, wholesale dealers were selling similar quantities of Bibles to the general public for $10,000. Irs ez form 2011 The FMV of the Bibles is $10,000, the price at which similar quantities of Bibles were being sold to others at the time of the contribution. Irs ez form 2011 Example 2. Irs ez form 2011 The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that the promoter gave Mary Black a second option. Irs ez form 2011 The promoter said that if Mary wanted a charitable deduction within 1 year of the purchase, she could buy the 500 Bibles at the “retail” price of $30,000, paying only $10,000 in cash and giving a promissory note for the remaining $20,000. Irs ez form 2011 The principal and interest on the note would not be due for 12 years. Irs ez form 2011 According to the promoter, Mary could then, within 1 year of the purchase, give the Bibles to a qualified organization and claim the full $30,000 retail price as a charitable contribution. Irs ez form 2011 She purchased the Bibles under the second option and, 3 months later, gave them to a church, which will use the books for church purposes. Irs ez form 2011 At the time of the gift, the promoter was selling similar lots of Bibles for either $10,000 or $30,000. Irs ez form 2011 The difference between the two prices was solely at the discretion of the buyer. Irs ez form 2011 The promoter was a willing seller for $10,000. Irs ez form 2011 Therefore, the value of Mary's contribution of the Bibles is $10,000, the amount at which similar lots of Bibles could be purchased from the promoter by members of the general public. Irs ez form 2011 Replacement Cost The cost of buying, building, or manufacturing property similar to the donated item should be considered in determining FMV. Irs ez form 2011 However, there must be a reasonable relationship between the replacement cost and the FMV. Irs ez form 2011 The replacement cost is the amount it would cost to replace the donated item on the valuation date. Irs ez form 2011 Often there is no relationship between the replacement cost and the FMV. Irs ez form 2011 If the supply of the donated property is more or less than the demand for it, the replacement cost becomes less important. Irs ez form 2011 To determine the replacement cost of the donated property, find the “estimated replacement cost new. Irs ez form 2011 ” Then subtract from this figure an amount for depreciation due to the physical condition and obsolescence of the donated property. Irs ez form 2011 You should be able to show the relationship between the depreciated replacement cost and the FMV, as well as how you arrived at the “estimated replacement cost new. Irs ez form 2011 ” Opinions of Experts Generally, the weight given to an expert's opinion on matters such as the authenticity of a coin or a work of art, or the most profitable and best use of a piece of real estate, depends on the knowledge and competence of the expert and the thoroughness with which the opinion is supported by experience and facts. Irs ez form 2011 For an expert's opinion to deserve much weight, the facts must support the opinion. Irs ez form 2011 For additional information, see Appraisals, later. Irs ez form 2011 Table 1. Irs ez form 2011 Factors That Affect FMV IF the factor you are considering is. Irs ez form 2011 . Irs ez form 2011 . Irs ez form 2011 THEN you should ask these questions. Irs ez form 2011 . Irs ez form 2011 . Irs ez form 2011     cost or selling price Was the purchase or sale of the property reasonably close to the date of contribution? Was any increase or decrease in value, as compared to your cost, at a reasonable rate? Do the terms of purchase or sale limit what can be done with the property? Was there an arm's-length offer to buy the property close to the valuation date?     sales of comparable properties How similar is the property sold to the property donated? How close is the date of sale to the valuation date? Was the sale at arm's-length? What was the condition of the market at the time of sale?     replacement cost What would it cost to replace the donated property? Is there a reasonable relationship between replacement cost and FMV? Is the supply of the donated property more or less than the demand for it?     opinions of experts Is the expert knowledgeable and competent? Is the opinion thorough and supported by facts and experience? Problems in Determining Fair Market Value There are a number of problems in determining the FMV of donated property. Irs ez form 2011 Unusual Market Conditions The sale price of the property itself in an arm's-length transaction in an open market is often the best evidence of its value. Irs ez form 2011 When you rely on sales of comparable property, the sales must have been made in an open market. Irs ez form 2011 If those sales were made in a market that was artificially supported or stimulated so as not to be truly representative, the prices at which the sales were made will not indicate the FMV. Irs ez form 2011 For example, liquidation sale prices usually do not indicate the FMV. Irs ez form 2011 Also, sales of stock under unusual circumstances, such as sales of small lots, forced sales, and sales in a restricted market, may not represent the FMV. Irs ez form 2011 Selection of Comparable Sales Using sales of comparable property is an important method for determining the FMV of donated property. Irs ez form 2011 However, the amount of weight given to a sale depends on the degree of similarity between the comparable and the donated properties. Irs ez form 2011 The degree of similarity must be close enough so that this selling price would have been given consideration by reasonably well-informed buyers or sellers of the property. Irs ez form 2011 Example. Irs ez form 2011 You give a rare, old book to your former college. Irs ez form 2011 The book is a third edition and is in poor condition because of a missing back cover. Irs ez form 2011 You discover that there was a sale for $300, near the valuation date, of a first edition of the book that was in good condition. Irs ez form 2011 Although the contents are the same, the books are not at all similar because of the different editions and their physical condition. Irs ez form 2011 Little consideration would be given to the selling price of the $300 property by knowledgeable buyers or sellers. Irs ez form 2011 Future Events You may not consider unexpected events happening after your donation of property in making the valuation. Irs ez form 2011 You may consider only the facts known at the time of the gift, and those that could be reasonably expected at the time of the gift. Irs ez form 2011 Example. Irs ez form 2011 You give farmland to a qualified charity. Irs ez form 2011 The transfer provides that your mother will have the right to all income and full use of the property for her life. Irs ez form 2011 Even though your mother dies 1 week after the transfer, the value of the property on the date it is given is its present value, subject to the life interest as estimated from actuarial tables. Irs ez form 2011 You may not take a higher deduction because the charity received full use and possession of the land only 1 week after the transfer. Irs ez form 2011 Using Past Events to Predict the Future A common error is to rely too much on past events that do not fairly reflect the probable future earnings and FMV. Irs ez form 2011 Example. Irs ez form 2011 You give all your rights in a successful patent to your favorite charity. Irs ez form 2011 Your records show that before the valuation date there were three stages in the patent's history of earnings. Irs ez form 2011 First, there was rapid growth in earnings when the invention was introduced. Irs ez form 2011 Then, there was a period of high earnings when the invention was being exploited. Irs ez form 2011 Finally, there was a decline in earnings when competing inventions were introduced. Irs ez form 2011 The entire history of earnings may be relevant in estimating the future earnings. Irs ez form 2011 However, the appraiser must not rely too much on the stage of rapid growth in earnings, or of high earnings. Irs ez form 2011 The market conditions at those times do not represent the condition of the market at the valuation date. Irs ez form 2011 What is most significant is the trend of decline in earnings up to the valuation date. Irs ez form 2011 For more information about donations of patents, see Patents, later. Irs ez form 2011 Valuation of Various Kinds of Property This section contains information on determining the FMV of ordinary kinds of donated property. Irs ez form 2011 For information on appraisals, see Appraisals, later. Irs ez form 2011 Household Goods The FMV of used household goods, such as furniture, appliances, and linens, is usually much lower than the price paid when new. Irs ez form 2011 Such used property may have little or no market value because of its worn condition. Irs ez form 2011 It may be out of style or no longer useful. Irs ez form 2011 You cannot take a deduction for household goods donated after August 17, 2006, unless they are in good used condition or better. Irs ez form 2011 A household good that is not in good used condition or better for which you take a deduction of more than $500 requires a qualified appraisal. Irs ez form 2011 See Deduction over $500 for certain clothing or household items, later. Irs ez form 2011 If the property is valuable because it is old or unique, see the discussion under Paintings, Antiques, and Other Objects of Art. Irs ez form 2011 Used Clothing Used clothing and other personal items are usually worth far less than the price you paid for them. Irs ez form 2011 Valuation of items of clothing does not lend itself to fixed formulas or methods. Irs ez form 2011 The price that buyers of used items actually pay in used clothing stores, such as consignment or thrift shops, is an indication of the value. Irs ez form 2011 You cannot take a deduction for clothing donated after August 17, 2006, unless it is in good used condition or better. Irs ez form 2011 An item of clothing that is not in good used condition or better for which you take a deduction of more than $500 requires a qualified appraisal. Irs ez form 2011 See Deduction over $500 for certain clothing or household items, later. Irs ez form 2011 For valuable furs or very expensive gowns, a Form 8283 may have to be sent with your tax return. Irs ez form 2011 Jewelry and Gems Jewelry and gems are of such a specialized nature that it is almost always necessary to get an appraisal by a specialized jewelry appraiser. Irs ez form 2011 The appraisal should describe, among other things, the style of the jewelry, the cut and setting of the gem, and whether it is now in fashion. Irs ez form 2011 If not in fashion, the possibility of having the property redesigned, recut, or reset should be reported in the appraisal. Irs ez form 2011 The stone's coloring, weight, cut, brilliance, and flaws should be reported and analyzed. Irs ez form 2011 Sentimental personal value has no effect on FMV. Irs ez form 2011 But if the jewelry was owned by a famous person, its value might increase. Irs ez form 2011 Paintings, Antiques, and Other Objects of Art Your deduction for contributions of paintings, antiques, and other objects of art, should be supported by a written appraisal from a qualified and reputable source, unless the deduction is $5,000 or less. Irs ez form 2011 Examples of information that should be included in appraisals of art objects—paintings in particular—are found later under Qualified Appraisal. Irs ez form 2011 Art valued at $20,000 or more. Irs ez form 2011   If you claim a deduction of $20,000 or more for donations of art, you must attach a complete copy of the signed appraisal to your return. Irs ez form 2011 For individual objects valued at $20,000 or more, a photograph of a size and quality fully showing the object, preferably an 8 x 10 inch color photograph or a color transparency no smaller than 4 x 5 inches, must be provided upon request. Irs ez form 2011 Art valued at $50,000 or more. Irs ez form 2011   If you donate an item of art that has been appraised at $50,000 or more, you can request a Statement of Value for that item from the IRS. Irs ez form 2011 You must request the statement before filing the tax return that reports the donation. Irs ez form 2011 Your request must include the following. Irs ez form 2011 A copy of a qualified appraisal of the item. Irs ez form 2011 See Qualified Appraisal, later. Irs ez form 2011 A $2,500 check or money order payable to the Internal Revenue Service for the user fee that applies to your request regarding one, two, or three items of art. Irs ez form 2011 Add $250 for each item in excess of three. Irs ez form 2011 A completed Form 8283, Section B. Irs ez form 2011 The location of the IRS territory that has examination responsibility for your return. Irs ez form 2011 If your request lacks essential information, you will be notified and given 30 days to provide the missing information. Irs ez form 2011   Send your request to: Internal Revenue Service Attention: Art Appraisal (C:AP:ART) P. Irs ez form 2011 O. Irs ez form 2011 Box 27720 McPherson Station Washington, DC 20038 Refunds. Irs ez form 2011   You can withdraw your request for a Statement of Value at any time before it is issued. Irs ez form 2011 However, the IRS will not refund the user fee if you do. Irs ez form 2011   If the IRS declines to issue a Statement of Value in the interest of efficient tax administration, the IRS will refund the user fee. Irs ez form 2011 Authenticity. Irs ez form 2011   The authenticity of the donated art must be determined by the appraiser. Irs ez form 2011 Physical condition. Irs ez form 2011   Important items in the valuation of antiques and art are physical condition and extent of restoration. Irs ez form 2011 These have a significant effect on the value and must be fully reported in an appraisal. Irs ez form 2011 An antique in damaged condition, or lacking the “original brasses,” may be worth much less than a similar piece in excellent condition. Irs ez form 2011 Art appraisers. Irs ez form 2011   More weight will usually be given to an appraisal prepared by an individual specializing in the kind and price range of the art being appraised. Irs ez form 2011 Certain art dealers or appraisers specialize, for example, in old masters, modern art, bronze sculpture, etc. Irs ez form 2011 Their opinions on the authenticity and desirability of such art would usually be given more weight than the opinions of more generalized art dealers or appraisers. Irs ez form 2011 They can report more recent comparable sales to support their opinion. Irs ez form 2011   To identify and locate experts on unique, specialized items or collections, you may wish to use the current Official Museum Directory of the American Association of Museums. Irs ez form 2011 It lists museums both by state and by category. Irs ez form 2011   To help you locate a qualified appraiser for your donation, you may wish to ask an art historian at a nearby college or the director or curator of a local museum. Irs ez form 2011 The Yellow Pages often list specialized art and antique dealers, auctioneers, and art appraisers. Irs ez form 2011 You may be able to find a qualified appraiser on the Internet. Irs ez form 2011 You may also contact associations of dealers for guidance. Irs ez form 2011 Collections Since many kinds of hobby collections may be the subject of a charitable donation, it is not possible to discuss all of the possible collectibles in this publication. Irs ez form 2011 Most common are rare books, autographs, sports memorabilia, dolls, manuscripts, stamps, coins, guns, phonograph records, and natural history items. Irs ez form 2011 Many of the elements of valuation that apply to paintings and other objects of art, discussed earlier, also apply to miscellaneous collections. Irs ez form 2011 Reference material. Irs ez form 2011   Publications available to help you determine the value of many kinds of collections include catalogs, dealers' price lists, and specialized hobby periodicals. Irs ez form 2011 When using one of these price guides, you must use the current edition at the date of contribution. Irs ez form 2011 However, these sources are not always reliable indicators of FMV and should be supported by other evidence. Irs ez form 2011   For example, a dealer may sell an item for much less than is shown on a price list, particularly after the item has remained unsold for a long time. Irs ez form 2011 The price an item sold for in an auction may have been the result of a rigged sale or a mere bidding duel. Irs ez form 2011 The appraiser must analyze the reference material, and recognize and make adjustments for misleading entries. Irs ez form 2011 If you are donating a valuable collection, you should get an appraisal. Irs ez form 2011 If your donation appears to be of little value, you may be able to make a satisfactory valuation using reference materials available at a state, city, college, or museum library. Irs ez form 2011 Stamp collections. Irs ez form 2011   Most libraries have catalogs or other books that report the publisher's estimate of values. Irs ez form 2011 Generally, two price levels are shown for each stamp: the price postmarked and the price not postmarked. Irs ez form 2011 Stamp dealers generally know the value of their merchandise and are able to prepare satisfactory appraisals of valuable collections. Irs ez form 2011 Coin collections. Irs ez form 2011   Many catalogs and other reference materials show the writer's or publisher's opinion of the value of coins on or near the date of the publication. Irs ez form 2011 Like many other collectors' items, the value of a coin depends on the demand for it, its age, and its rarity. Irs ez form 2011 Another important factor is the coin's condition. Irs ez form 2011 For example, there is a great difference in the value of a coin that is in mint condition and a similar coin that is only in good condition. Irs ez form 2011   Catalogs usually establish a category for coins, based on their physical condition—mint or uncirculated, extremely fine, very fine, fine, very good, good, fair, or poor—with a different valuation for each category. Irs ez form 2011 Books. Irs ez form 2011   The value of books is usually determined by selecting comparable sales and adjusting the prices according to the differences between the comparable sales and the item being evaluated. Irs ez form 2011 This is difficult to do and, except for a collection of little value, should be done by a specialized appraiser. Irs ez form 2011 Within the general category of literary property, there are dealers who specialize in certain areas, such as Americana, foreign imports, Bibles, and scientific books. Irs ez form 2011 Modest value of collection. Irs ez form 2011   If the collection you are donating is of modest value, not requiring a written appraisal, the following information may help you in determining the FMV. Irs ez form 2011   A book that is very old, or very rare, is not necessarily valuable. Irs ez form 2011 There are many books that are very old or rare, but that have little or no market value. Irs ez form 2011 Condition of book. Irs ez form 2011   The condition of a book may have a great influence on its value. Irs ez form 2011 Collectors are interested in items that are in fine, or at least good, condition. Irs ez form 2011 When a book has a missing page, a loose binding, tears, stains, or is otherwise in poor condition, its value is greatly lowered. Irs ez form 2011 Other factors. Irs ez form 2011   Some other factors in the valuation of a book are the kind of binding (leather, cloth, paper), page edges, and illustrations (drawings and photographs). Irs ez form 2011 Collectors usually want first editions of books. Irs ez form 2011 However, because of changes or additions, other editions are sometimes worth as much as, or more than, the first edition. Irs ez form 2011 Manuscripts, autographs, diaries, and similar items. Irs ez form 2011   When these items are handwritten, or at least signed by famous people, they are often in demand and are valuable. Irs ez form 2011 The writings of unknowns also may be of value if they are of unusual historical or literary importance. Irs ez form 2011 Determining the value of such material is difficult. Irs ez form 2011 For example, there may be a great difference in value between two diaries that were kept by a famous person—one kept during childhood and the other during a later period in his or her life. Irs ez form 2011 The appraiser determines a value in these cases by applying knowledge and judgment to such factors as comparable sales and conditions. Irs ez form 2011 Signatures. Irs ez form 2011   Signatures, or sets of signatures, that were cut from letters or other papers usually have little or no value. Irs ez form 2011 But complete sets of the signatures of U. Irs ez form 2011 S. Irs ez form 2011 presidents are in demand. Irs ez form 2011 Cars, Boats, and Aircraft If you donate a car, a boat, or an aircraft to a charitable organization, its FMV must be determined. Irs ez form 2011 Certain commercial firms and trade organizations publish monthly or seasonal guides for different regions of the country, containing complete dealer sale prices or dealer average prices for recent model years. Irs ez form 2011 Prices are reported for each make, model, and year. Irs ez form 2011 These guides also provide estimates for adjusting for unusual equipment, unusual mileage, and physical condition. Irs ez form 2011 The prices are not “official,” and these publications are not considered an appraisal of any specific donated property. Irs ez form 2011 But they do provide clues for making an appraisal and suggest relative prices for comparison with current sales and offerings in your area. Irs ez form 2011 These publications are sometimes available from public libraries or at a bank, credit union, or finance company. Irs ez form 2011 You can also find pricing information about used cars on the Internet. Irs ez form 2011 An acceptable measure of the FMV of a donated car, boat, or airplane is an amount not in excess of the price listed in a used vehicle pricing guide for a private party sale, not the dealer retail value, of a similar vehicle. Irs ez form 2011 However, the FMV may be less than that amount if the vehicle has engine trouble, body damage, high mileage, or any type of excessive wear. Irs ez form 2011 The FMV of a donated vehicle is the same as the price listed in a used vehicle pricing guide for a private party sale only if the guide lists a sales price for a vehicle that is the same make, model, and year, sold in the same area, in the same condition, with the same or similar options or accessories, and with the same or similar warranties as the donated vehicle. Irs ez form 2011 Example. Irs ez form 2011 You donate a used car in poor condition to a local high school for use by students studying car repair. Irs ez form 2011 A used car guide shows the dealer retail value for this type of car in poor condition is $1,600. Irs ez form 2011 However, the guide shows the price for a private party sale of the car is only $750. Irs ez form 2011 The FMV of the car is considered to be no more than $750. Irs ez form 2011 Boats. Irs ez form 2011   Except for inexpensive small boats, the valuation of boats should be based on an appraisal by a marine surveyor because the physical condition is so critical to the value. Irs ez form 2011 More information. Irs ez form 2011   Your deduction for a donated car, boat, or airplane generally is limited to the gross proceeds from its sale by the qualified organization. Irs ez form 2011 This rule applies if the claimed value of the donated vehicle is more than $500. Irs ez form 2011 In certain cases, you can deduct the vehicle's FMV. Irs ez form 2011 For details, see Publication 526. Irs ez form 2011 Inventory If you donate any inventory item to a charitable organization, the amount of your deductible contribution generally is the FMV of the item, minus any gain you would have realized if you had sold the item at its FMV on the date of the gift. Irs ez form 2011 For more information, see Publication 526. Irs ez form 2011 Patents To determine the FMV of a patent, you must take into account, among other factors: Whether the patented technology has been made obsolete by other technology; Any restrictions on the donee's use of, or ability to transfer, the patented technology; and The length of time remaining before the patent expires. Irs ez form 2011 However, your deduction for a donation of a patent or other intellectual property is its FMV, minus any gain you would have realized if you had sold the property at its FMV on the date of the gift. Irs ez form 2011 Generally, this means your deduction is the lesser of the property's FMV or its basis. Irs ez form 2011 For details, see Publication 526. Irs ez form 2011 Stocks and Bonds The value of stocks and bonds is the FMV of a share or bond on the valuation date. Irs ez form 2011 See Date of contribution, earlier, under What Is Fair Market Value (FMV). Irs ez form 2011 Selling prices on valuation date. Irs ez form 2011   If there is an active market for the contributed stocks or bonds on a stock exchange, in an over-the-counter market, or elsewhere, the FMV of each share or bond is the average price between the highest and lowest quoted selling prices on the valuation date. Irs ez form 2011 For example, if the highest selling price for a share was $11, and the lowest $9, the average price is $10. Irs ez form 2011 You get the average price by adding $11 and $9 and dividing the sum by 2. Irs ez form 2011 No sales on valuation date. Irs ez form 2011   If there were no sales on the valuation date, but there were sales within a reasonable period before and after the valuation date, you determine FMV by taking the average price between the highest and lowest sales prices on the nearest date before and on the nearest date after the valuation date. Irs ez form 2011 Then you weight these averages in inverse order by the respective number of trading days between the selling dates and the valuation date. Irs ez form 2011 Example. Irs ez form 2011   On the day you gave stock to a qualified organization, there were no sales of the stock. Irs ez form 2011 Sales of the stock nearest the valuation date took place two trading days before the valuation date at an average selling price of $10 and three trading days after the valuation date at an average selling price of $15. Irs ez form 2011 The FMV on the valuation date was $12, figured as follows: [(3 x $10) + (2 x $15)] ÷ 5 = $12 Listings on more than one stock exchange. Irs ez form 2011   Stocks or bonds listed on more than one stock exchange are valued based on the prices of the exchange on which they are principally dealt. Irs ez form 2011 This applies if these prices are published in a generally available listing or publication of general circulation. Irs ez form 2011 If this is not applicable, and the stocks or bonds are reported on a composite listing of combined exchanges in a publication of general circulation, use the composite list. Irs ez form 2011 See also Unavailable prices or closely held corporation, later. Irs ez form 2011 Bid and asked prices on valuation date. Irs ez form 2011   If there were no sales within a reasonable period before and after the valuation date, the FMV is the average price between the bona fide bid and asked prices on the valuation date. Irs ez form 2011 Example. Irs ez form 2011 Although there were no sales of Blue Corporation stock on the valuation date, bona fide bid and asked prices were available on that date of $14 and $16, respectively. Irs ez form 2011 The FMV is $15, the average price between the bid and asked prices. Irs ez form 2011 No prices on valuation date. Irs ez form 2011   If there were no prices available on the valuation date, you determine FMV by taking the average prices between the bona fide bid and asked prices on the closest trading date before and after the valuation date. Irs ez form 2011 Both dates must be within a reasonable period. Irs ez form 2011 Then you weight these averages in inverse order by the respective number of trading days between the bid and asked dates and the valuation date. Irs ez form 2011 Example. Irs ez form 2011 On the day you gave stock to a qualified organization, no prices were available. Irs ez form 2011 Bona fide bid and asked prices 3 days before the valuation date were $10 and 2 days after the valuation date were $15. Irs ez form 2011 The FMV on the valuation date is $13, figured as follows: [(2 x $10) + (3 x $15)] ÷ 5 = $13 Prices only before or after valuation date, but not both. Irs ez form 2011   If no selling prices or bona fide bid and asked prices are available on a date within a reasonable period before the valuation date, but are available on a date within a reasonable period after the valuation date, or vice versa, then the average price between the highest and lowest of such available prices may be treated as the value. Irs ez form 2011 Large blocks of stock. Irs ez form 2011   When a large block of stock is put on the market, it may lower the selling price of the stock if the supply is greater than the demand. Irs ez form 2011 On the other hand, market forces may exist that will afford higher prices for large blocks of stock. Irs ez form 2011 Because of the many factors to be considered, determining the value of large blocks of stock usually requires the help of experts specializing in underwriting large quantities of securities, or in trading in the securities of the industry of which the particular company is a part. Irs ez form 2011 Unavailable prices or closely held corporation. Irs ez form 2011   If selling prices or bid and asked prices are not available, or if securities of a closely held corporation are involved, determine the FMV by considering the following factors. Irs ez form 2011 For bonds, the soundness of the security, the interest yield, the date of maturity, and other relevant factors. Irs ez form 2011 For shares of stock, the company's net worth, prospective earning power and dividend-paying capacity, and other relevant factors. Irs ez form 2011 Other factors. Irs ez form 2011   Other relevant factors include: The nature and history of the business, especially its recent history, The goodwill of the business, The economic outlook in the particular industry, The company's position in the industry, its competitors, and its management, and The value of securities of corporations engaged in the same or similar business. Irs ez form 2011 For preferred stock, the most important factors are its yield, dividend coverage, and protection of its liquidation preference. Irs ez form 2011   You should keep complete financial and other information on which the valuation is based. Irs ez form 2011 This includes copies of reports of examinations of the company made by accountants, engineers, or any technical experts on or close to the valuation date. Irs ez form 2011 Restricted securities. Irs ez form 2011   Some classes of stock cannot be traded publicly because of restrictions imposed by the Securities and Exchange Commission, or by the corporate charter or a trust agreement. Irs ez form 2011 These restricted securities usually trade at a discount in relation to freely traded securities. Irs ez form 2011   To arrive at the FMV of restricted securities, factors that you must consider include the resale provisions found in the restriction agreements, the relative negotiating strengths of the buyer and seller, and the market experience of freely traded securities of the same class as the restricted securities. Irs ez form 2011 Real Estate Because each piece of real estate is unique and its valuation is complicated, a detailed appraisal by a professional appraiser is necessary. Irs ez form 2011 The appraiser must be thoroughly trained in the application of appraisal principles and theory. Irs ez form 2011 In some instances the opinions of equally qualified appraisers may carry unequal weight, such as when one appraiser has a better knowledge of local conditions. Irs ez form 2011 The appraisal report must contain a complete description of the property, such as street address, legal description, and lot and block number, as well as physical features, condition, and dimensions. Irs ez form 2011 The use to which the property is put, zoning and permitted uses, and its potential use for other higher and better uses are also relevant. Irs ez form 2011 In general, there are three main approaches to the valuation of real estate. Irs ez form 2011 An appraisal may require the combined use of two or three methods rather than one method only. Irs ez form 2011 1. Irs ez form 2011 Comparable Sales The comparable sales method compares the donated property with several similar properties that have been sold. Irs ez form 2011 The selling prices, after adjustments for differences in date of sale, size, condition, and location, would then indicate the estimated FMV of the donated property. Irs ez form 2011 If the comparable sales method is used to determine the value of unimproved real property (land without significant buildings, structures, or any other improvements that add to its value), the appraiser should consider the following factors when comparing the potential comparable property and the donated property: Location, size, and zoning or use restrictions, Accessibility and road frontage, and available utilities and water rights, Riparian rights (right of access to and use of the water by owners of land on the bank of a river) and existing easements, rights-of-way, leases, etc. Irs ez form 2011 , Soil characteristics, vegetative cover, and status of mineral rights, and Other factors affecting value. Irs ez form 2011 For each comparable sale, the appraisal must include the names of the buyer and seller, the deed book and page number, the date of sale and selling price, a property description, the amount and terms of mortgages, property surveys, the assessed value, the tax rate, and the assessor's appraised FMV. Irs ez form 2011 The comparable selling prices must be adjusted to account for differences between the sale property and the donated property. Irs ez form 2011 Because differences of opinion may arise between appraisers as to the degree of comparability and the amount of the adjustment considered necessary for comparison purposes, an appraiser should document each item of adjustment. Irs ez form 2011 Only comparable sales having the least adjustments in terms of items and/or total dollar adjustments should be considered as comparable to the donated property. Irs ez form 2011 2. Irs ez form 2011 Capitalization of Income This method capitalizes the net income from the property at a rate that represents a fair return on the particular investment at the particular time, considering the risks involved. Irs ez form 2011 The key elements are the determination of the income to be capitalized and the rate of capitalization. Irs ez form 2011 3. Irs ez form 2011 Replacement Cost New or Reproduction Cost Minus Observed Depreciation This method, used alone, usually does not result in a determination of FMV. Irs ez form 2011 Instead, it generally tends to set the upper limit of value, particularly in periods of rising costs, because it is reasonable to assume that an informed buyer will not pay more for the real estate than it would cost to reproduce a similar property. Irs ez form 2011 Of course, this reasoning does not apply if a similar property cannot be created because of location, unusual construction, or some other reason. Irs ez form 2011 Generally, this method serves to support the value determined from other methods. Irs ez form 2011 When the replacement cost method is applied to improved realty, the land and improvements are valued separately. Irs ez form 2011 The replacement cost of a building is figured by considering the materials, the quality of workmanship, and the number of square feet or cubic feet in the building. Irs ez form 2011 This cost represents the total cost of labor and material, overhead, and profit. Irs ez form 2011 After the replacement cost has been figured, consideration must be given to the following factors: Physical deterioration—the wear and tear on the building itself, Functional obsolescence—usually in older buildings with, for example, inadequate lighting, plumbing, or heating, small rooms, or a poor floor plan, and Economic obsolescence—outside forces causing the whole area to become less desirable. Irs ez form 2011 Interest in a Business The FMV of any interest in a business, whether a sole proprietorship or a partnership, is the amount that a willing buyer would pay for the interest to a willing seller after consideration of all relevant factors. Irs ez form 2011 The relevant factors to be considered in valuing the business are: The FMV of the assets of the business, The demonstrated earnings capacity of the business, based on a review of past and current earnings, and The other factors used in evaluating corporate stock, if they apply. Irs ez form 2011 The value of the goodwill of the business should also be taken into consideration. Irs ez form 2011 You should keep complete financial and other information on which you base the valuation. Irs ez form 2011 This includes copies of reports of examinations of the business made by accountants, engineers, or any technical experts on or close to the valuation date. Irs ez form 2011 Annuities, Interests for Life or Terms of Years, Remainders, and Reversions The value of these kinds of property is their present value, except in the case of annuities under contracts issued by companies regularly engaged in their sale. Irs ez form 2011 The valuation of these commercial annuity contracts and of insurance policies is discussed later under Certain Life Insurance and Annuity Contracts. Irs ez form 2011 To determine present value, you must know the applicable interest rate and use actuarial tables. Irs ez form 2011 Interest rate. Irs ez form 2011   The applicable interest rate varies. Irs ez form 2011 It is announced monthly in a news release and published in the Internal Revenue Bulletin as a Revenue Ruling. Irs ez form 2011 The interest rate to use is under the heading “Rate Under Section 7520” for a given month and year. Irs ez form 2011 You can call the IRS office at 1-800-829-1040 to obtain this rate. Irs ez form 2011 Actuarial tables. Irs ez form 2011   You need to refer to actuarial tables to determine a qualified interest in the form of an annuity, any interest for life or a term of years, or any remainder interest to a charitable organization. Irs ez form 2011   Use the valuation tables set forth in IRS Publications 1457, Actuarial Values (Book Aleph), and 1458, Actuarial Values (Book Beth). Irs ez form 2011 Both of these publications provide tables containing actuarial factors to be used in determining the present value of an annuity, an interest for life or for a term of years, or a remainder or reversionary interest. Irs ez form 2011 For qualified charitable transfers, you can use the factor for the month in which you made the contribution or for either of the 2 months preceding that month. Irs ez form 2011   Publication 1457 also contains actuarial factors for computing the value of a remainder interest in a charitable remainder annuity trust and a pooled income fund. Irs ez form 2011 Publication 1458 contains the factors for valuing the remainder interest in a charitable remainder unitrust. Irs ez form 2011 You can download Publications 1457 and 1458 from www. Irs ez form 2011 irs. Irs ez form 2011 gov. Irs ez form 2011 In addition, they are available for purchase via the website of the U. Irs ez form 2011 S. Irs ez form 2011 Government Printing Office, by phone at (202) 512-1800, or by mail from the: Superintendent of Documents P. Irs ez form 2011 O. Irs ez form 2011 Box 371954 Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954 Tables containing actuarial factors for transfers to pooled income funds may also be found in Income Tax Regulation 1. Irs ez form 2011 642(c)-6(e)(6), transfers to charitable remainder unitrusts in Regulation 1. Irs ez form 2011 664-4(e), and other transfers in Regulation 20. Irs ez form 2011 2031-7(d)(6). Irs ez form 2011 Special factors. Irs ez form 2011   If you need a special factor for an actual transaction, you can request a letter ruling. Irs ez form 2011 Be sure to include the date of birth of each person the duration of whose life may affect the value of the interest. Irs ez form 2011 Also include copies of the relevant instruments. Irs ez form 2011 IRS charges a user fee for providing special factors. Irs ez form 2011   For more information about requesting a ruling, see Revenue Procedure 2006-1 (or annual update), 2006-1 I. Irs ez form 2011 R. Irs ez form 2011 B. Irs ez form 2011 1. Irs ez form 2011 Revenue Procedure 2006-1 is available at www. Irs ez form 2011 irs. Irs ez form 2011 gov/irb/2006-01_IRB/ar06. Irs ez form 2011 html. Irs ez form 2011   For information on the circumstances under which a charitable deduction may be allowed for the donation of a partial interest in property not in trust, see Partial Interest in Property Not in Trust, later. Irs ez form 2011 Certain Life Insurance and Annuity Contracts The value of an annuity contract or a life insurance policy issued by a company regularly engaged in the sale of such contracts or policies is the amount that company would charge for a comparable contract. Irs ez form 2011 But if the donee of a life insurance policy may reasonably be expected to cash the policy rather than hold it as an investment, then the FMV is the cash surrender value rather than the replacement cost. Irs ez form 2011 If an annuity is payable under a combination annuity contract and life insurance policy (for example, a retirement income policy with a death benefit) and there was no insurance element when it was transferred to the charity, the policy is treated as an annuity contract. Irs ez form 2011 Partial Interest in Property Not in Trust Generally, no deduction is allowed for a charitable contribution, not made in trust, of less than your entire interest in property. Irs ez form 2011 However, this does not apply to a transfer of less than your entire interest if it is a transfer of: A remainder interest in your personal residence or farm, An undivided part of your entire interest in property, or A qualified conservation contribution. Irs ez form 2011 Remainder Interest in Real Property The amount of the deduction for a donation of a remainder interest in real property is the FMV of the remainder interest at the time of the contribution. Irs ez form 2011 To determine this value, you must know the FMV of the property on the date of the contribution. Irs ez form 2011 Multiply this value by the appropriate factor. Irs ez form 2011 Publications 1457 and 1458 contain these factors. Irs ez form 2011 You must make an adjustment for depreciation or depletion using the factors shown in Publication 1459, Actuarial Values (Book Gimel). Irs ez form 2011 You can use the factors for the month in which you made the contribution or for either of the two months preceding that month. Irs ez form 2011 See the earlier discussion on Annuities, Interests for Life or Terms of Years, Remainders, and Reversions. Irs ez form 2011 You can download Publication 1459 from www. Irs ez form 2011 irs. Irs ez form 2011 gov. Irs ez form 2011 For this purpose, the term “depreciable property” means any property subject to wear and tear or obsolescence, even if not used in a trade or business or for the production of income. Irs ez form 2011 If the remainder interest includes both depreciable and nondepreciable property, for example a house and land, the FMV must be allocated between each kind of property at the time of the contribution. Irs ez form 2011 This rule also applies to a gift of a remainder interest that includes property that is part depletable and part not depletable. Irs ez form 2011 Take into account depreciation or depletion only for the property that is subject to depreciation or depletion. Irs ez form 2011 For more information, see section 1. Irs ez form 2011 170A-12 of the Income Tax Regulations. Irs ez form 2011 Undivided Part of Your Entire Interest A contribution of an undivided part of your entire interest in property must consist of a part of each and every substantial interest or right you own in the property. Irs ez form 2011 It must extend over the entire term of your interest in the property. Irs ez form 2011 For example, you are entitled to the income from certain property for your life (life estate) and you contribute 20% of that life estate to a qualified organization. Irs ez form 2011 You can claim a deduction for the contribution if you do not have any other interest in the property. Irs ez form 2011 To figure the value of a contribution involving a partial interest, see Publication 1457. Irs ez form 2011 If the only interest you own in real property is a remainder interest and you transfer part of that interest to a qualified organization, see the previous discussion on valuation of a remainder interest in real property. Irs ez form 2011 Qualified Conservation Contribution A qualified conservation contribution is a contribution of a qualified real property interest to a qualified organization to be used only for conservation purposes. Irs ez form 2011 Qualified organization. Irs ez form 2011   For purposes of a qualified conservation contribution, a qualified organization is: A governmental unit, A publicly supported charitable, religious, scientific, literary, educational, etc. Irs ez form 2011 , organization, or An organization that is controlled by, and operated for the exclusive benefit of, a governmental unit or a publicly supported charity. Irs ez form 2011 The organization also must have a commitment to protect the conservation purposes of the donation and must have the resources to enforce the restrictions. Irs ez form 2011 Conservation purposes. Irs ez form 2011   Your contribution must be made only for one of the following conservation purposes. Irs ez form 2011 Preserving land areas for outdoor recreation by, or for the education of, the general public. Irs ez form 2011 Protecting a relatively natural habitat of fish, wildlife, or plants, or a similar ecosystem. Irs ez form 2011 Preserving open space, including farmland and forest land, if it yields a significant public benefit. Irs ez form 2011 It must be either for the scenic enjoyment of the general public or under a clearly defined federal, state, or local governmental conservation policy. Irs ez form 2011 Preserving a historically important land area or a certified historic structure. Irs ez form 2011 There must be some visual public access to the property. Irs ez form 2011 Factors used in determining the type and amount of public access required include the historical significance of the property, the remoteness or accessibility of the site, and the extent to which intrusions on the privacy of individuals living on the property would be unreasonable. Irs ez form 2011 Building in registered historic district. Irs ez form 2011   A contribution after July 25, 2006, of a qualified real property interest that is an easement or other restriction on the exterior of a building in a registered historic district is deductible only if it meets all of the following three conditions. Irs ez form 2011 The restriction must preserve the entire exterior of the building and must prohibit any change to the exterior of the building that is inconsistent with its historical character. Irs ez form 2011 You and the organization receiving the contribution must enter into a written agreement certifying, that the organization is a qualified organization and that it has the resources and commitment to maintain the property as donated. Irs ez form 2011 If you make the contribution in a tax year beginning after August 17, 2006, you must include with your return: A qualified appraisal, Photographs of the building's entire exterior, and A description of all restrictions on development of the building, such as zoning laws and restrictive covenants. Irs ez form 2011   If you make this type of contribution after February 12, 2007, and claim a deduction of more than $10,000, your deduction will not be allowed unless you pay a $500 filing fee. Irs ez form 2011 See Form 8283-V, Payment Voucher for Filing Fee Under Section 170(f)(13), and its instructions. Irs ez form 2011 Qualified real property interest. Irs ez form 2011   This is any of the following interests in real property. Irs ez form 2011 Your entire interest in real estate other than a mineral interest (subsurface oil, gas, or other minerals, and the right of access to these minerals). Irs ez form 2011 A remainder interest. Irs ez form 2011 A restriction (granted in perpetuity) on the use that may be made of the real property. Irs ez form 2011 Valuation. Irs ez form 2011   A qualified real property interest described in (1) should be valued in a manner that is consistent with the type of interest transferred. Irs ez form 2011 If you transferred all the interest in the property, the FMV of the property is the amount of the contribution. Irs ez form 2011 If you do not transfer the mineral interest, the FMV of the surface rights in the property is the amount of the contribution. Irs ez form 2011   If you owned only a remainder interest or an income interest (life estate), see Undivided Part of Your Entire Interest, earlier. Irs ez form 2011 If you owned the entire property but transferred only a remainder interest (item (2)), see Remainder Interest in Real Property, earlier. Irs ez form 2011   In determining the value of restrictions, you should take into account the selling price in arm's-length transactions of other properties that have comparable restrictions. Irs ez form 2011 If there are no comparable sales, the restrictions are valued indirectly as the difference between the FMVs of the property involved before and after the grant of the restriction. Irs ez form 2011   The FMV of the property before contribution of the restriction should take into account not only current use but the likelihood that the property, without the restriction, would be developed. Irs ez form 2011 You should also consider any zoning, conservation, or historical preservation laws that would restrict development. Irs ez form 2011 Granting an easement may increase, rather than reduce, the value of property, and in such a situation no deduction would be allowed. Irs ez form 2011 Example. Irs ez form 2011   You own 10 acres of farmland. Irs ez form 2011 Similar land in the area has an FMV of $2,000 an acre. Irs ez form 2011 However, land in the general area that is restricted solely to farm use has an FMV of $1,500 an acre. Irs ez form 2011 Your county wants to preserve open space and prevent further development in your area. Irs ez form 2011   You grant to the county an enforceable open space easement in perpetuity on 8 of the 10 acres, restricting its use to farmland. Irs ez form 2011 The value of this easement is $4,000, determined as follows: FMV of the property before granting easement:   $2,000 × 10 acres $20,000 FMV of the property after granting easement:   $1,500 × 8 acres $12,000   $2,000 × 2 acres 4,000 16,000 Value of easement   $4,000   If you later transfer in fee your remaining interest in the 8 acres to another qualified organization, the FMV of your remaining interest is the FMV of the 8 acres reduced by the FMV of the easement granted to the first organization. Irs ez form 2011 More information. Irs ez form 2011   For more information about qualified conservation contributions, see Publication 526. Irs ez form 2011 Appraisals Appraisals are not necessary for items of property for which you claim a deduction of $5,000 or less. Irs ez form 2011 (There is one exception, described next, for certain clothing and household items. Irs ez form 2011 ) However, you generally will need an appraisal for donated property for which you claim a deduction of more than $5,000. Irs ez form 2011 There are exceptions. Irs ez form 2011 See Deductions of More Than $5,000, later. Irs ez form 2011 The weight given an appraisal depends on the completeness of the report, the qualifications of the appraiser, and the appraiser's demonstrated knowledge of the donated property. Irs ez form 2011 An appraisal must give all the facts on which to base an intelligent judgment of the value of the property. Irs ez form 2011 The appraisal will not be given much weight if: All the factors that apply are not considered, The opinion is not supported with facts, such as purchase price and comparable sales, or The opinion is not consistent with known facts. Irs ez form 2011 The appraiser's opinion is never more valid than the facts on which it is based; without these facts it is simply a guess. Irs ez form 2011 The opinion of a person claiming to be an expert is not binding on the Internal Revenue Service. Irs ez form 2011 All facts associated with the donation must be considered. Irs ez form 2011 Deduction over $500 for certain clothing or household items. Irs ez form 2011   You must include with your return a qualified appraisal of any single item of clothing or any household item that is not in good used condition or better, that you donated after August 17, 2006, and for which you deduct more than $500. Irs ez form 2011 See Household Goods and Used Clothing, earlier. Irs ez form 2011 Cost of appraisals. Irs ez form 2011   You may not take a charitable contribution deduction for fees you pay for appraisals of your donated property. Irs ez form 2011 However, these fees may qualify as a miscellaneous deduction, subject to the 2% limit, on Schedule A (Form 1040) if paid to determine the amount allowable as a charitable contribution. Irs ez form 2011 Deductions of More Than $5,000 Generally, if the claimed deduction for an item or group of similar items of donated property is more than $5,000, you must get a qualified appraisal made by a qualified appraiser, and you must attach Section B of Form 8283 to your tax return. Irs ez form 2011 There are exceptions, discussed later. Irs ez form 2011 You should keep the appraiser's report with your written records. Irs ez form 2011 Records are discussed in Publication 526. Irs ez form 2011 The phrase “similar items” means property of the same generic category or type (whether or not donated to the same donee), such as stamp collections, coin collections, lithographs, paintings, photographs, books, nonpublicly traded stock, nonpublicly traded securities other than nonpublicly traded stock, land, buildings, clothing, jewelry, furniture, electronic equipment, household appliances, toys, everyday kitchenware, china, crystal, or silver. Irs ez form 2011 For example, if you give books to three schools and you deduct $2,000, $2,500, and $900, respectively, your claimed deduction is more than $5,000 for these books. Irs ez form 2011 You must get a qualified appraisal of the books and for each school you must attach a fully completed Form 8283, Section B, to your tax return. Irs ez form 2011 Exceptions. Irs ez form 2011   You do not need an appraisal if the property is: Nonpublicly traded stock of $10,000 or less, A vehicle (including a car, boat, or airplane) for which your deduction is limited to the gross proceeds from its sale, Qualified intellectual property, such as a patent, Certain publicly traded securities described next, Inventory and other property donated by a corporation that are “qualified contributions” for the care of the ill, the needy, or infants, within the meaning of section 170(e)(3)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code, or Stock in trade, inventory, or property held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of your trade or business. Irs ez form 2011   Although an appraisal is not required for the types of property just listed, you must provide certain information about a donation of any of these types of property on Form 8283. Irs ez form 2011 Publicly traded securities. Irs ez form 2011   Even if your claimed deduction is more than $5,000, neither a qualified appraisal nor Section B of Form 8283 is required for publicly traded securities that are: Listed on a stock exchange in which quotations are published on a daily basis, Regularly traded in a national or regional over-the-counter market for which published quotations are available, or Shares of an open-end investment company (mutual fund) for which quotations are published on a daily basis in a newspaper of general circulation throughout the United States. Irs ez form 2011 Publicly traded securities that meet these requirements must be reported on Form 8283, Section A. Irs ez form 2011   A qualified appraisal is not required, but Form 8283, Section B, Parts I and IV, must be completed, for an issue of a security that does not meet the requirements just listed but does meet these requirements: The issue is regularly traded during the computation period (defined later) in a market for which there is an “interdealer quotation system” (defined later), The issuer or agent computes the “average trading price” (defined later) for the same issue for the computation period, The average trading price and total volume of the issue during the computation period are published in a newspaper of general circulation throughout the United States, not later than the last day of the month following the end of the calendar quarter in which the computation period ends, The issuer or agent keeps books and records that list for each transaction during the computation period the date of settlement of the transaction, the name and address of the broker or dealer making the market in which the transaction occurred, and the trading price and volume, and The issuer or agent permits the Internal Revenue Service to review the books and records described in item (4) with respect to transactions during the computation period upon receiving reasonable notice. Irs ez form 2011   An interdealer quotation system is any system of general circulation to brokers and dealers that regularly disseminates quotations of obligations by two or more identified brokers or dealers who are not related to either the issuer or agent who computes the average trading price of the security. Irs ez form 2011 A quotation sheet prepared and distributed by a broker or dealer in the regular course of business and containing only quotations of that broker or dealer is not an interdealer quotation system. Irs ez form 2011   The average trading price is the average price of all transactions (weighted by volume), other than original issue or redemption transactions, conducted through a United States office of a broker or dealer who maintains a market in the issue of the security during the computation period. Irs ez form 2011 Bid and asked quotations are not taken into account. Irs ez form 2011   The computation period is weekly during October through December and monthly during January through September. Irs ez form 2011 The weekly computation periods during October through December begin with the first Monday in October and end with the first Sunday following the last Monday in December. Irs ez form 2011 Nonpublicly traded stock. Irs ez form 2011   If you contribute nonpublicly traded stock, for which you claim a deduction of $10,000 or less, a qualified appraisal is not required. Irs ez form 2011 However, you must attach Form 8283 to your tax return, with Section B, Parts I and IV, completed. Irs ez form 2011 Deductions of More Than $500,000 If you claim a deduction of more than $500,000 for a donation of property, you must attach a qualified appraisal of the property to your return. Irs ez form 2011 This does not apply to contributions of cash, inventory, publicly traded stock, or intellectual property. Irs ez form 2011 If you do not attach the appraisal, you cannot deduct your contribution, unless your failure to attach the appraisal is due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect. Irs ez form 2011 Qualified Appraisal Generally, if the claimed deduction for an item or group of similar items of donated property is more than $5,000, you must get a qualified appraisal made by a qualified appraiser. Irs ez form 2011 You must also complete Form 8283, Section B, and attach it to your tax return. Irs ez form 2011 See Deductions of More Than $5,000, earlier. Irs ez form 2011 A qualified appraisal is an appraisal document that: Is made, signed, and dated by a qualified appraiser (defined later) in accordance with generally accepted appraisal standards, Meets the relevant requirements of Regulations section 1. Irs ez form 2011 170A-13(c)(3) and Notice 2006-96, 2006-46 I. Irs ez form 2011 R. Irs ez form 2011 B. Irs ez form 2011 902 (available at www. Irs ez form 2011 irs. Irs ez form 2011 gov/irb/2006-46_IRB/ar13. Irs ez form 2011 html), Relates to an appraisal made not earlier than 60 days before the date of contribution of the appraised property, Does not involve a prohibited appraisal fee, and Includes certain information (covered later). Irs ez form 2011 You must receive the qualified appraisal before the due date, including extensions, of the return on which a charitable contribution deduction is first claimed for the donated property. Irs ez form 2011 If the deduction is first claimed on an amended return, the qualified appraisal must be received before the date on which the amended return is filed. Irs ez form 2011 Form 8283, Section B, must be attached to your tax return. Irs ez form 2011 Generally, you do not need to attach the qualified appraisal itself, but you should keep a copy as long as it may be relevant under the tax law. Irs ez form 2011 There are four exceptions. Irs ez form 2011 If you claim a deduction of $20,000 or more for donations of art, you must attach a complete copy of the appraisal. Irs ez form 2011 See Paintings, Antiques, and Other Objects of Art, earlier. Irs ez form 2011 If you claim a deduction of more than $500,000 for a donation of property, you must attach the appraisal. Irs ez form 2011 See Deductions of More Than $500,000, earlier. Irs ez form 2011 If you claim a deduction of more than $500 for an article of clothing, or a household item, that is not in good used condition or better, that you donated after August 17, 2006, you must attach the appraisal. Irs ez form 2011 See Deduction over $500 for certain clothing or household items, earlier. Irs ez form 2011 If you claim a deduction in a tax year beginning after August 17, 2006, for an easement or other restriction on the exterior of a building in a historic district, you must attach the appraisal. Irs ez form 2011 See Building in registered historic district, earlier. Irs ez form 2011 Prohibited appraisal fee. Irs ez form 2011   Generally, no part of the fee arrangement for a qualified appraisal can be based on a percentage of the appraised value of the property. Irs ez form 2011 If a fee arrangement is based on what is allowed as a deduction, after Internal Revenue Service examination or otherwise, it is treated as a fee based on a percentage of appraised value. Irs ez form 2011 However, appraisals are not disqualified when an otherwise prohi