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Instructions Michigan 2012 Mi 1040x

2007 Tax ReturnFiling Back State TaxesFree Tax Filing 2013New TaxesFile 1040xFile 1040 EzOnline Amended Tax ReturnI Need To File My 2012 Federal TaxesHow To File Amended Federal Tax ReturnIrs Gov Free File Federal And State TaxesH&r Block Printable CouponFree Turbo Tax MilitaryDownload 1040x FormFiling State Income TaxIncome Tax ReturnH&r Block Taxes Online FreeForm 1040File 2010 Taxes Online LateFile State Taxes Only Online FreeHow To Make An Amendment To Taxes1040ez Tax Forms To Print2014 1040ez FormSelf Employed Taxes1040 Ez Tax Return FormAmend ReturnMinimum Income To File TaxesHow To File Taxes From 20101040 Tax Forms 2011Can I File 1040ez Online2012 Online Tax Return1040x FormsCan You Still E File 2011 Tax ReturnsTaxact 2008 Free EfileTax Online Free1040 Ez Tax FormsTax FormsH&r Block 2011 Tax Return1040nr InstructionsAmended Tax Return 2010Complete 1040x Form

Instructions Michigan 2012 Mi 1040x

Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Publication 537 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Future Developments Reminder IntroductionOrdering forms and publications. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Tax questions. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Useful Items - You may want to see: Future Developments For the latest information about developments related to Publication 537, such as legislation enacted after it was published, go to www. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x irs. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x gov/pub537. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Reminder Photographs of missing children. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x  The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Introduction Note. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Section references within this publication are to the Internal Revenue Code and regulation references are to the Income Tax Regulations under the Code. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x An installment sale is a sale of property where you receive at least one payment after the tax year of the sale. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you realize a gain on an installment sale, you may be able to report part of your gain when you receive each payment. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x This method of reporting gain is called the installment method. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You cannot use the installment method to report a loss. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You can choose to report all of your gain in the year of sale. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x This publication discusses the general rules that apply to using the installment method. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x It also discusses more complex rules that apply only when certain conditions exist or certain types of property are sold. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you sell your home or other nonbusiness property under an installment plan, you may need to read only the General Rules . Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you sell business or rental property or have a like-kind exchange or other complex situation, also see the appropriate discussion under Other Rules . Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Comments and suggestions. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   You can write to us at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications Division 1111 Constitution Ave. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   You can send your comments from www. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x irs. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x gov/formspubs/. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Click on “More Information” and then on “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x ”   Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Ordering forms and publications. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   Visit www. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x irs. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x gov/formspubs/ to download forms and publications, call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676), or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Tax questions. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x gov or call 1-800-829-1040. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 523 Selling Your Home 541 Partnerships 544 Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets 550 Investment Income and Expenses 551 Basis of Assets 4895 Tax Treatment of Property Acquired From a Decedent Dying in 2010 Form (and Instructions) 4797 Sales of Business Property 6252 Installment Sale Income  See How To Get Tax Help near the end of this publication for information about getting publications and forms. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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SOI Tax Stats - Business Tax Statistics

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Each year SOI produces studies that provide statistics on income, deductions, taxes, credits, and more reported by businesses. Select the subject areas below that interest you.

Integrated Business Data (IBD)

 

This section contains statistical tables and articles on all businesses, which were compiled to form the SOI Integrated Business Dataset (IBD). The IBD was assembled at the table level from the annual SOI cross-sectional studies of corporations ( C and S corporations), partnerships, and nonfarm sole proprietorships. The dataset combines data from these types of organizations to enable examination of changes in business composition. Data from these annual statistical studies are generally publicly available and are published in a variety of SOI reports.
Form 8824 Data for Like-Kind Property Exchanges.  1995-2010

Corporations

 

Numerous articles and data which provide statistics on income, deductions, tax, credits, and more as reported by corporations filing on Form 1120 (1120, 1120-A, 1120-L, 1120-PC, 1120-REIT, 1120-RIC, and more) returns and associated schedules can be found here.

International

 

Find statistics for both inbound and outbound international corporate activities here. There's also information on specialized areas covering foreign trusts, international boycotts, and including form types: 5471, 5472, 1118, 1120-F, 1120-FSC, 5713, 5735, and more.

Partnerships

Snapshot of Partnership Returns, 2010

Partnerships are relationships between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business, with each person contributing money, property, labor or skill, and each expecting to share in the profits and losses of the business. These data come from taxpayers filing Form 1065 or 1065-B. Look here for statistics and related information on partnerships.

S Corporations

 

S corporations are domestic corporations that elect to be taxed individually on the corporation's income; they can have no more than 75 shareholders (only U.S. citizens, resident aliens, estates, certain trusts, and exempt organizations) and one class of stock. These corporations file on Form 1120S . Look here for statistics and related information on these corporations.

 Sole Proprietorships
 Non-Farm  ||  Farm

Sole Proprietorships are businesses too.  Here you'll find statistics covering basic data, business receipts, deductions, and net income reported by an individual taxpayer on Schedule C (non-farm) of Form 1040.  There are also statistics for Schedule F (farm) of Form 1040

Excise

This section contains statistics on taxes levied on the manufacture, sale, or consumption of commodities, including data for environmental, gasoline, and telephone excise taxes, and more.

Employment

Employment data are available in the IRS Data Book and in SOI Bulletin Articles.  Find statistics for FICA and SECA taxes, and more, here.

 SOI Bulletin Articles

The SOI Bulletin is a quarterly publication containing articles and data releases from all SOI programs. Look here for articles sorted by topic and relating to business tax statistics.

 

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Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 05-Sep-2013

The Instructions Michigan 2012 Mi 1040x

Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x 5. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   Exemptions, Deductions, and Credits Table of Contents Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Items Related to Excluded Income Exemptions Contributions to Foreign Charitable Organizations Moving ExpensesAllocation of Moving Expenses Forms To File Contributions to Individual Retirement Arrangements Taxes of Foreign Countries and U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x PossessionsCredit for Foreign Income Taxes Deduction for Foreign Income Taxes Deduction for Other Foreign Taxes How To Report Deductions Topics - This chapter discusses: The rules concerning items related to excluded income, Exemptions, Contributions to foreign charitable organizations, Moving expenses, Contributions to individual retirement arrangements (IRAs), Taxes of foreign countries and U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x possessions, and How to report deductions. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 501 Exemptions, Standard Deduction, and Filing Information 514 Foreign Tax Credit for Individuals 521 Moving Expenses 523 Selling Your Home 590 Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) 597 Information on the United States—Canada Income Tax Treaty Form (and Instructions) 1116 Foreign Tax Credit 2106 Employee Business Expenses 2555 Foreign Earned Income 2555-EZ Foreign Earned Income Exclusion 3903 Moving Expenses Schedule A (Form 1040) Itemized Deductions Schedule C (Form 1040) Profit or Loss From Business SS-5 Application for a Social Security Card W-7 Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number See chapter 7 for information about getting these publications and forms. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Items Related to Excluded Income U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x citizens and resident aliens living outside the United States generally are allowed the same deductions as citizens and residents living in the United States. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you choose to exclude foreign earned income or housing amounts, you cannot deduct, exclude, or claim a credit for any item that can be allocated to or charged against the excluded amounts. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x This includes any expenses, losses, and other normally deductible items that are allocable to the excluded income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You can deduct only those expenses connected with earning includible income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x These rules apply only to items definitely related to the excluded earned income and they do not apply to other items that are not definitely related to any particular type of gross income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x These rules do not apply to items such as: Personal exemptions, Qualified retirement contributions, Alimony payments, Charitable contributions, Medical expenses, Mortgage interest, or Real estate taxes on your personal residence. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x For purposes of these rules, your housing deduction is not treated as allocable to your excluded income, but the deduction for self- employment tax is. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you receive foreign earned income in a tax year after the year in which you earned it, you may have to file an amended return for the earlier year to properly adjust the amounts of deductions, credits, or exclusions allocable to your foreign earned income and housing exclusions. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Example. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x In 2012, you had $90,400 of foreign earned income and $9,500 of deductions allocable to your foreign earned income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You did not have a housing exclusion. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Because you excluded all of your foreign earned income, you would not have been able to claim any of the deductions on your 2012 return. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x In 2013, you received a $12,000 bonus for work you did abroad in 2012. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You can exclude $4,700 of the bonus because the limit on the foreign earned income exclusion for 2012 was $95,100 and you have already excluded $90,400. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Since you must include $7,300 of the bonus ($12,000 − $4,700) for work you did in 2012 in income, you can file an amended return for 2012 to claim $677 of the deductions. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x This is the deductions allocable to the foreign earned income ($9,500) multiplied by the includible portion of the foreign earned income ($7,300) and divided by the total foreign earned income for 2012 ($102,400). Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Exemptions You can claim an exemption for your nonresident alien spouse on your separate return, provided your spouse has no gross income for U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x tax purposes and is not the dependent of another U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x taxpayer. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You also can claim exemptions for individuals who qualify as your dependents. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x To be your dependent, the individual must be a U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x citizen, U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x national, U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x resident alien, or a resident of Canada or Mexico for some part of the calendar year in which your tax year begins. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Children. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   Children usually are citizens or residents of the same country as their parents. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you were a U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x citizen when your child was born, your child generally is a U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x citizen. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x This is true even if the child's other parent is a nonresident alien, the child was born in a foreign country, and the child lives abroad with the other parent. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   If you have a legally adopted child who is not a U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x citizen, U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x resident, or U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x national, the child meets the citizen requirement if you are a U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x citizen or U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x national and the child lived with you as a member of your household all year. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Social security number. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   You must include on your return the social security number (SSN) of each dependent for whom you claim an exemption. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x To get a social security number for a dependent, apply at a Social Security office or U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x consulate. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You must provide original or certified copies of documents to verify the dependent's age, identity, and citizenship, and complete Form SS-5. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   If you do not have an SSN for a child who was born in 2013 and died in 2013, attach a copy of the child's birth certificate to your tax return. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Print “Died” in column (2) of line 6c of your Form 1040 or Form 1040A. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   If your dependent is a nonresident alien who is not eligible to get a social security number, you must list the dependent's individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN) instead of an SSN. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x To apply for an ITIN, file Form W-7 with the IRS. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x It usually takes 6 to 10 weeks to get an ITIN. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Enter your dependent's ITIN wherever an SSN is requested on your tax return. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x More information. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   For more information about exemptions, see Publication 501. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Contributions to Foreign Charitable Organizations If you make contributions directly to a foreign church or other foreign charitable organization, you generally cannot deduct them. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Exceptions are explained under Canadian, Mexican, and Israeli charities, later. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You can deduct contributions to a U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x organization that transfers funds to a charitable foreign organization if the U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x organization controls the use of the funds by the foreign organization or if the foreign organization is just an administrative arm of the U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x organization. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Canadian, Mexican, and Israeli charities. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   Under the income tax treaties with Canada, Mexico and Israel, you may be able to deduct contributions to certain Canadian, Mexican, and Israeli charitable organizations. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Generally, you must have income from sources in Canada, Mexico, or Israel, and the organization must meet certain requirements. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x See Publication 597, Information on the United States-Canada Income Tax Treaty, and Publication 526, Charitable Contributions, for more information. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Moving Expenses If you moved to a new home in 2013 because of your job or business, you may be able to deduct the expenses of your move. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Generally, to be deductible, the moving expenses must have been paid or incurred in connection with starting work at a new job location. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x See Publication 521 for a complete discussion of the deduction for moving expenses and information about moves within the United States. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Foreign moves. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   A foreign move is a move in connection with the start of work at a new job location outside the United States and its possessions. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x A foreign move does not include a move back to the United States or its possessions. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Allocation of Moving Expenses When your new place of work is in a foreign country, your moving expenses are directly connected with the income earned in that foreign country. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you exclude all or part of the income that you earn at the new location under the foreign earned income exclusion or the foreign housing exclusion, you cannot deduct the part of your moving expense that is allocable to the excluded income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Also, you cannot deduct the part of the moving expense related to the excluded income for a move from a foreign country to the United States if you receive a reimbursement that you are able to treat as compensation for services performed in the foreign country. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Year to which expense is connected. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   The moving expense is connected with earning the income (including reimbursements, as discussed in chapter 4 under Reimbursement of moving expenses ) either entirely in the year of the move or in 2 years. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x It is connected with earning the income entirely in the year of the move if you qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion under the bona fide residence test or physical presence test for at least 120 days during that tax year. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   If you do not qualify under either the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test for at least 120 days during the year of the move, the expense is connected with earning the income in 2 years. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The moving expense is connected with the year of the move and the following year if the move is from the United States to a foreign country. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The moving expense is connected with the year of the move and the preceding year if the move is from a foreign country to the United States. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Amount allocable to excluded income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   To figure the amount of your moving expense that is allocable to your excluded foreign earned income (and not deductible), you must multiply your total moving expense deduction by a fraction. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The numerator (top number) of the fraction is the total of your excluded foreign earned income and housing amounts for both years and the denominator (bottom number) of the fraction is your total foreign earned income for both years. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Example. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x On November 1, 2012, you transfer to Monaco. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Your tax home is in Monaco, and you are a bona fide resident of Monaco for the entire tax year 2013. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x In 2012, you paid $6,000 for allowable moving expenses for your move from the United States to Monaco. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You were fully reimbursed (under a nonaccountable plan) for these expenses in the same year. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The reimbursement is included in your income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Your only other income consists of $16,000 wages earned in 2012 after the date of your move, and $100,100 wages earned in Monaco for 2013. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Because you did not meet the bona fide residence test for at least 120 days during 2012, the year of the move, the moving expenses are for services you performed in both 2012 and the following year, 2013. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Your total foreign earned income for both years is $122,100, consisting of $16,000 wages for 2012, $100,100 wages for 2013, and $6,000 moving expense reimbursement for both years. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You have no housing exclusion. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The total amount you can exclude is $113,190, consisting of the $97,600 full-year exclusion for 2013 and a $15,590 part-year exclusion for 2012 ($95,100 times the fraction of 60 qualifying bona fide residence days over 366 total days in the year). Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x To find the part of your moving expenses that is not deductible, multiply your $6,000 total expenses by the fraction $113,190 over $122,100. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The result, $5,562, is your nondeductible amount. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x    You must report the full amount of the moving expense reimbursement in the year in which you received the reimbursement. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x In the preceding example, this year was 2012. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You attribute the reimbursement to both 2012 and 2013 only to figure the amount of foreign earned income eligible for exclusion for each year. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Move between foreign countries. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   If you move between foreign countries, your moving expense is allocable to income earned in the year of the move if you qualified under either the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test for a period that includes at least 120 days in the year of the move. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x New place of work in U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   If your new place of work is in the United States, the deductible moving expenses are directly connected with the income earned in the United States. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you treat a reimbursement from your employer as foreign earned income (see the discussion in chapter 4), you must allocate deductible moving expenses to foreign earned income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Storage expenses. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   These expenses are attributable to work you do during the year in which you incur the storage expenses. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You cannot deduct the amount allocable to excluded income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Moving Expense Attributable to Foreign Earnings in 2 Years If your moving expense deduction is attributable to your foreign earnings in 2 years (the year of the move and the following year), you should request an extension of time to file your return for the year of the move until after the end of the second year. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x By then, you should have all the information needed to properly figure the moving expense deduction. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x See Extensions under When To File and Pay in chapter 1. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you do not request an extension, you should figure the part of the moving expense that you cannot deduct because it is allocable to the foreign earned income you are excluding. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You do this by multiplying the moving expense by a fraction, the numerator (top number) of which is your excluded foreign earned income for the year of the move, and the denominator (bottom number) of which is your total foreign earned income for the year of the move. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Once you know your foreign earnings and exclusion for the following year, you must either: Adjust the moving expense deduction by filing an amended return for the year of the move, or Recapture any additional unallowable amount as income on your return for the following year. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If, after you make the final computation, you have an additional amount of allowable moving expense deduction, you can claim this only on an amended return for the year of the move. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You cannot claim it on the return for the second year. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Forms To File Report your moving expenses on Form 3903. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Report your moving expense deduction on line 26 of Form 1040. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you must reduce your moving expenses by the amount allocable to excluded income (as explained later under How To Report Deductions ), attach a statement to your return showing how you figured this amount. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x For more information about figuring moving expenses, see Publication 521. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Contributions to Individual Retirement Arrangements Contributions to your individual retirement arrangements (IRAs) that are traditional IRAs or Roth IRAs are generally limited to the lesser of $5,500 ($6,500 if 50 or older) or your compensation that is includible in your gross income for the tax year. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x In determining compensation for this purpose, do not take into account amounts you exclude under either the foreign earned income exclusion or the foreign housing exclusion. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Do not reduce your compensation by the foreign housing deduction. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you are covered by an employer retirement plan at work, your deduction for your contributions to your traditional IRAs is generally limited based on your modified adjusted gross income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x This is your adjusted gross income figured without taking into account the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, or the foreign housing deduction. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Other modifications are also required. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x For more information on IRAs, see Publication 590. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Taxes of Foreign Countries and U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Possessions You can take either a credit or a deduction for income taxes paid to a foreign country or a U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x possession. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Taken as a deduction, foreign income taxes reduce your taxable income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Taken as a credit, foreign income taxes reduce your tax liability. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You must treat all foreign income taxes the same way. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you take a credit for any foreign income taxes, you cannot deduct any foreign income taxes. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x However, you may be able to deduct other foreign taxes. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x See Deduction for Other Foreign Taxes, later. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x There is no rule to determine whether it is to your advantage to take a deduction or a credit for foreign income taxes. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x In most cases, it is to your advantage to take foreign income taxes as a tax credit, which you subtract directly from your U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x tax liability, rather than as a deduction in figuring taxable income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x However, if foreign income taxes were imposed at a high rate and the proportion of foreign income to U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x income is small, a lower final tax may result from deducting the foreign income taxes. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x In any event, you should figure your tax liability both ways and then use the one that is better for you. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You can make or change your choice within 10 years from the due date for filing the tax return on which you are entitled to take either the deduction or the credit. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Foreign income taxes. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   These are generally income taxes you pay to any foreign country or possession of the United States. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Foreign income taxes on U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x return. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   Foreign income taxes can only be taken as a credit on Form 1040, line 47, or as an itemized deduction on Schedule A. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x These amounts cannot be included as withheld income taxes on Form 1040, line 62. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Foreign taxes paid on excluded income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   You cannot take a credit or deduction for foreign income taxes paid on earnings you exclude from tax under any of the following. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Foreign earned income exclusion. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Foreign housing exclusion. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Possession exclusion. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If your wages are completely excluded, you cannot deduct or take a credit for any of the foreign taxes paid on your wages. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   If only part of your wages is excluded, you cannot deduct or take a credit for the foreign income taxes allocable to the excluded part. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You find the taxes allocable to your excluded wages by applying a fraction to the foreign taxes paid on foreign earned income received during the tax year. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The numerator (top number) of the fraction is your excluded foreign earned income received during the tax year minus deductible expenses allocable to that income (not including the foreign housing deduction). Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The denominator (bottom number) of the fraction is your total foreign earned income received during the tax year minus all deductible expenses allocable to that income (including the foreign housing deduction). Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   If foreign law taxes both earned income and some other type of income and the taxes on the other type cannot be separated, the denominator of the fraction is the total amount of income subject to foreign tax minus deductible expenses allocable to that income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x    If you take a foreign tax credit for tax on income you could have excluded under your choice to exclude foreign earned income or your choice to exclude foreign housing costs, one or both of the choices may be considered revoked. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Credit for Foreign Income Taxes If you take the foreign tax credit, you may have to file Form 1116 with Form 1040. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Form 1116 is used to figure the amount of foreign tax paid or accrued that can be claimed as a foreign tax credit. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Do not include the amount of foreign tax paid or accrued as withheld federal income taxes on Form 1040, line 62. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The foreign income tax for which you can claim a credit is the amount of legal and actual tax liability you pay or accrue during the year. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The amount for which you can claim a credit is not necessarily the amount withheld by the foreign country. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You cannot take a foreign tax credit for income tax you paid to a foreign country that would be refunded by the foreign country if you made a claim for refund. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Subsidies. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   If a foreign country returns your foreign tax payments to you in the form of a subsidy, you cannot claim a foreign tax credit based on these payments. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x This rule applies to a subsidy provided by any means that is determined, directly or indirectly, by reference to the amount of tax, or to the base used to figure the tax. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   Some ways of providing a subsidy are refunds, credits, deductions, payments, or discharges of obligations. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x A credit is also not allowed if the subsidy is given to a person related to you, or persons who participated in a transaction or a related transaction with you. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Limit The foreign tax credit is limited to the part of your total U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x tax that is in proportion to your taxable income from sources outside the United States compared to your total taxable income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The allowable foreign tax credit cannot be more than your actual foreign tax liability. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Exemption from limit. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   You will not be subject to this limit and will not have to file Form 1116 if you meet all three of the following requirements. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Your only foreign source income for the year is passive income (dividends, interest, royalties, etc. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x ) that is reported to you on a payee statement (such as a Form 1099-DIV or 1099-INT). Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Your foreign taxes for the year that qualify for the credit are not more than $300 ($600 if you are filing a joint return) and are reported on a payee statement. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You elect this procedure. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you make this election, you cannot carry back or carry over any unused foreign tax to or from this year. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Separate limit. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   You must figure the limit on a separate basis with regard to “passive category income” and “general category income” (see the instructions for Form 1116). Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Figuring the limit. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   In figuring taxable income in each category, you take into account only the amount that you must include in income on your federal tax return. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Do not take any excluded amount into account. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   To determine your taxable income in each category, deduct expenses and losses that are definitely related to that income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   Other expenses (such as itemized deductions or the standard deduction) not definitely related to specific items of income must be apportioned to the foreign income in each category by multiplying them by a fraction. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The numerator (top number) of the fraction is your gross foreign income in the separate limit category. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The denominator (bottom number) of the fraction is your gross income from all sources. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x For this purpose, gross income includes income that is excluded under the foreign earned income provisions but does not include any other exempt income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You must use special rules for deducting interest expenses. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x For more information on allocating and apportioning your deductions, see Publication 514. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Exemptions. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   Do not take the deduction for exemptions for yourself, your spouse, or your dependents in figuring taxable income for purposes of the limit. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Recapture of foreign losses. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   If you have an overall foreign loss and the loss reduces your U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x source income (resulting in a reduction of your U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x tax liability), you must recapture the loss in later years when you have taxable income from foreign sources. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x This is done by treating a part of your taxable income from foreign sources in later years as U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x source income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x This reduces the numerator of the limiting fraction and the resulting foreign tax credit limit. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Recapture of domestic losses. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   If you have an overall domestic loss (resulting in no U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x tax liability), you cannot claim a foreign tax credit for taxes paid during that year. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You must recapture the loss in later years when you have U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x source taxable income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x This is done by treating a part of your taxable income from U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x sources in later years as foreign source income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x This increases the numerator of the limiting fraction and the resulting foreign tax credit limit. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Foreign tax credit carryback and carryover. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   The amount of foreign income tax not allowed as a credit because of the limit can be carried back 1 year and carried forward 10 years. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x   More information on figuring the foreign tax credit can be found in Publication 514. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Deduction for Foreign Income Taxes Instead of taking the foreign tax credit, you can deduct foreign income taxes as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040). Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You can deduct only foreign income taxes paid on income that is subject to U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x tax. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You cannot deduct foreign taxes paid on earnings you exclude from tax under any of the following. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Foreign earned income exclusion. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Foreign housing exclusion. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Possession exclusion. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Example. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You are a U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x citizen and qualify to exclude your foreign earned income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Your excluded wages in Country X are $70,000 on which you paid income tax of $10,000. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You received dividends from Country X of $2,000 on which you paid income tax of $600. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You can deduct the $600 tax payment because the dividends relating to it are subject to U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x tax. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Because you exclude your wages, you cannot deduct the income tax of $10,000. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you exclude only a part of your wages, see the earlier discussion under Foreign taxes paid on excluded income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Deduction for Other Foreign Taxes You can deduct real property taxes you pay that are imposed on you by a foreign country. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You take this deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040). Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You cannot deduct other foreign taxes, such as personal property taxes, unless you incurred the expenses in a trade or business or in the production of income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x On the other hand, you generally can deduct personal property taxes when you pay them to U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x possessions. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x But if you claim the possession exclusion, see Publication 570. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The deduction for foreign taxes other than foreign income taxes is not related to the foreign tax credit. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You can take deductions for these miscellaneous foreign taxes and also claim the foreign tax credit for income taxes imposed by a foreign country. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x How To Report Deductions If you exclude foreign earned income or housing amounts, how you show your deductions on your tax return and how you figure the amount allocable to your excluded income depends on whether the expenses are used in figuring adjusted gross income (Form 1040, line 38) or are itemized deductions. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you have deductions used in figuring adjusted gross income, enter the total amount for each of these items on the appropriate lines and schedules of Form 1040. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Generally, you figure the amount of a deduction related to the excluded income by multiplying the deduction by a fraction, the numerator of which is your foreign earned income exclusion and the denominator of which is your foreign earned income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Enter the amount of the deduction(s) related to excluded income on line 44 of Form 2555. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you have itemized deductions related to excluded income, enter on Schedule A (Form 1040) only the part not related to excluded income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You figure that amount by subtracting from the total deduction the amount related to excluded income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Generally, you figure the amount that is related to the excluded income by multiplying the total deduction by a fraction, the numerator of which is your foreign earned income exclusion and the denominator of which is your foreign earned income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Attach a statement to your return showing how you figured the deductible amount. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Example 1. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You are a U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x citizen employed as an accountant. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Your tax home is in Germany for the entire tax year. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You meet the physical presence test. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Your foreign earned income for the year was $122,000 and your investment income was $10,380. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x After excluding $97,600, your AGI is $34,780. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You had unreimbursed business expenses of $2,500 for travel and entertainment in earning your foreign income, of which $500 was for meals and entertainment. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x These expenses are deductible only as miscellaneous deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You also have $500 of miscellaneous expenses that are not related to your foreign income that you enter on line 23 of Schedule A. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You must fill out Form 2106. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x On that form, reduce your deductible meal and entertainment expenses by 50% ($250). Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You must reduce the remaining $2,250 of travel and entertainment expenses by 80% ($1,800) because you excluded 80% ($97,600/$122,000) of your foreign earned income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You carry the remaining total of $450 to line 21 of Schedule A. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Add the $450 to the $500 that you have on line 23 and enter the total ($950) on line 24. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x On line 26 of Schedule A, enter $696, which is 2% of your adjusted gross income of $34,780 (line 38, Form 1040) and subtract it from the amount on line 24. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Enter $254 on line 27 of Schedule A. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Example 2. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You are a U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x citizen, have a tax home in Spain, and meet the physical presence test. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You are self-employed and personal services produce the business income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Your gross income was $116,931, business expenses $66,895, and net income (profit) $50,036. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You choose the foreign earned income exclusion and exclude $97,600 of your gross income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Since your excluded income is 83. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x 47% of your total income, 83. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x 47% of your business expenses are not deductible. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Report your total income and expenses on Schedule C (Form 1040). Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x On Form 2555 you will show the following: Line 20a, $116,931, gross income, Lines 42 and 43, $97,600, foreign earned income exclusion, and Line 44, $55,837 (83. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x 47% × $66,895) business expenses attributable to the exclusion. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x In this situation (Example 2), you cannot use Form 2555-EZ since you had self-employment income and business expenses. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Example 3. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Assume in Example 2 that both capital and personal services combine to produce the business income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x No more than 30% of your net income, or $15,011, assuming that this amount is a reasonable allowance for your services, is considered earned and can be excluded. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Your exclusion of $15,011 is 12. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x 84% of your gross income ($15,011 ÷ $116,931). Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Because you excluded 12. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x 84% of your total income, $8,589 (. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x 1284 x $66,895) of your business expenses is attributable to the excluded income and is not deductible. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Example 4. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You are a U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x citizen, have a tax home in Brazil, and meet the physical presence test. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You are self-employed and both capital and personal services combine to produce business income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Your gross income was $146,000, business expenses were $172,000, and your net loss was $26,000. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x A reasonable allowance for the services you performed for the business is $77,000. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Because you incurred a net loss, the earned income limit of 30% of your net profit does not apply. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The $77,000 is foreign earned income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you choose to exclude the $77,000, you exclude 52. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x 74% of your gross income ($77,000 ÷ $146,000), and 52. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x 74% of your business expenses ($90,713) is attributable to that income and is not deductible. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Show your total income and expenses on Schedule C (Form 1040). Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x On Form 2555, exclude $77,000 and show $90,713 on line 44. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Subtract line 44 from line 43, and enter the difference as a negative (in parentheses) on line 45. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Because this amount is negative, enter it as a positive (no parentheses) on line 21, Form 1040, and combine it with your other income to arrive at total income on line 22 of Form 1040. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x In this situation (Example 4), you would probably not want to choose the foreign earned income exclusion if this was the first year you were eligible. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x If you had chosen the exclusion in an earlier year, you might want to revoke the choice for this year. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x To do so would mean that you could not claim the exclusion again for the next 5 tax years without IRS approval. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x See Choosing the Exclusion in chapter 4. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Example 5. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You are a U. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x S. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x citizen, have a tax home in Panama, and meet the bona fide residence test. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You have been performing services for clients as a partner in a firm that provides services exclusively in Panama. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Capital investment is not material in producing the partnership's income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Under the terms of the partnership agreement, you are to receive 50% of the net profits. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x The partnership received gross income of $244,000 and incurred operating expenses of $98,250. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Of the net profits of $145,750, you received $72,875 as your distributive share. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x You choose to exclude $97,600 of your share of the gross income. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Because you exclude 80% ($97,600 ÷ $122,000) of your share of the gross income, you cannot deduct $39,300, 80% of your share of the operating expenses (. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x 80 × $49,125). Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Report $72,875, your distributive share of the partnership net profit, on Schedule E (Form 1040), Supplemental Income and Loss. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x On Form 2555, show $97,600 on line 42 and show $39,300 on line 44. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Your exclusion on Form 2555 is $58,300. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x In this situation (Example 5), you cannot use Form 2555-EZ since you had earned income other than salaries and wages and you had business expenses. Instructions michigan 2012 mi 1040x Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications