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How To File Taxes From 2011

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How To File Taxes From 2011

How to file taxes from 2011 10. How to file taxes from 2011   Self-Employment (SE) Tax Table of Contents Who Must Pay SE Tax?Special Rules and Exceptions Figuring Earnings Subject to SE Tax Farm Optional Method Using Both Optional Methods Reporting Self-Employment Tax The SE tax rules apply no matter how old you are and even if you are already receiving social security and Medicare benefits. How to file taxes from 2011 Who Must Pay SE Tax? Generally, you must pay SE tax and file Schedule SE (Form 1040) if your net earnings from self-employment were $400 or more. How to file taxes from 2011 Use Schedule SE to figure net earnings from self-employment. How to file taxes from 2011 Sole proprietor or independent contractor. How to file taxes from 2011   If you are self-employed as a sole proprietor or independent contractor, you generally use Schedule C or C-EZ (Form 1040) to figure your earnings subject to SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 SE tax rate. How to file taxes from 2011    For 2013, the SE tax rate on net earnings is 15. How to file taxes from 2011 3% (12. How to file taxes from 2011 4% social security tax plus 2. How to file taxes from 2011 9% Medicare tax). How to file taxes from 2011 Maximum earnings subject to self-employment tax. How to file taxes from 2011    Only the first $113,700 of your combined wages, tips, and net earnings in 2013 is subject to any combination of the 12. How to file taxes from 2011 4% social security part of SE tax, social security tax, or railroad retirement (tier 1) tax. How to file taxes from 2011   All of your combined wages, tips, and net earnings in 2013 are subject to any combination of the 2. How to file taxes from 2011 9% Medicare part of SE tax, social security tax, or railroad retirement (tier 1) tax. How to file taxes from 2011   If your wages and tips are subject to either social security or railroad retirement (tier 1) tax, or both, and total at least $113,700, do not pay the 12. How to file taxes from 2011 4% social security part of the SE tax on any of your net earnings. How to file taxes from 2011 However, you must pay the 2. How to file taxes from 2011 9% Medicare part of the SE tax on all your net earnings. How to file taxes from 2011 Special Rules and Exceptions Aliens. How to file taxes from 2011   Generally, resident aliens must pay self-employment tax under the same rules that apply to U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 citizens. How to file taxes from 2011 Nonresident aliens are not subject to SE tax unless an international social security agreement in effect determines that they are covered under the U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 social security system. How to file taxes from 2011 However, residents of the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or American Samoa are subject to self-employment tax, as they are considered U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 residents for self-employment tax purposes. How to file taxes from 2011 For more information on aliens, see Publication 519, U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 Tax Guide for Aliens. How to file taxes from 2011 Child employed by parent. How to file taxes from 2011   You are not subject to SE tax if you are under age 18 and you are working for your father or mother. How to file taxes from 2011 Church employee. How to file taxes from 2011    If you work for a church or a qualified church-controlled organization (other than as a minister or member of a religious order) that elected an exemption from social security and Medicare taxes, you are subject to SE tax if you receive $108. How to file taxes from 2011 28 or more in wages from the church or organization. How to file taxes from 2011 For more information, see Publication 517, Social Security and Other Information for Members of the Clergy and Religious Workers. How to file taxes from 2011 Fishing crew member. How to file taxes from 2011   If you are a member of the crew on a boat that catches fish or other water life, your earnings are subject to SE tax if all the following conditions apply. How to file taxes from 2011 You do not get any pay for the work except your share of the catch or a share of the proceeds from the sale of the catch, unless the pay meets all the following conditions. How to file taxes from 2011 The pay is not more than $100 per trip. How to file taxes from 2011 The pay is received only if there is a minimum catch. How to file taxes from 2011 The pay is solely for additional duties (such as mate, engineer, or cook) for which additional cash pay is traditional in the fishing industry. How to file taxes from 2011 You get a share of the catch or a share of the proceeds from the sale of the catch. How to file taxes from 2011 Your share depends on the amount of the catch. How to file taxes from 2011 The boat's operating crew normally numbers fewer than 10 individuals. How to file taxes from 2011 (An operating crew is considered as normally made up of fewer than 10 if the average size of the crew on trips made during the last four calendar quarters is fewer than 10. How to file taxes from 2011 ) Notary public. How to file taxes from 2011   Fees you receive for services you perform as a notary public are reported on Schedule C or C-EZ but are not subject to self-employment tax (see the Instructions for Schedule SE (Form 1040)). How to file taxes from 2011 State or local government employee. How to file taxes from 2011   You are subject to SE tax if you are an employee of a state or local government, are paid solely on a fee basis, and your services are not covered under a federal-state social security agreement. How to file taxes from 2011 Foreign government or international organization employee. How to file taxes from 2011   You are subject to SE tax if both the following conditions are true. How to file taxes from 2011 You are a U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 citizen employed in the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin Islands by: A foreign government, A wholly-owned agency of a foreign government, or An international organization. How to file taxes from 2011 Your employer is not required to withhold social security and Medicare taxes from your wages. How to file taxes from 2011 U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 citizen or resident alien residing abroad. How to file taxes from 2011    If you are a self-employed U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 citizen or resident alien living outside the United States, in most cases you must pay SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 Do not reduce your foreign earnings from self-employment by your foreign earned income exclusion. How to file taxes from 2011 Exception. How to file taxes from 2011    The United States has social security agreements with many countries to eliminate double taxation under two social security systems. How to file taxes from 2011 Under these agreements, you generally must only pay social security and Medicare taxes to the country in which you live. How to file taxes from 2011 The country to which you must pay the tax will issue a certificate which serves as proof of exemption from social security tax in the other country. How to file taxes from 2011   For more information, see the Instructions for Schedule SE (Form 1040). How to file taxes from 2011 More Than One Business If you have earnings subject to SE tax from more than one trade, business, or profession, you must combine the net profit (or loss) from each to determine your total earnings subject to SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 A loss from one business reduces your profit from another business. How to file taxes from 2011 Community Property Income If any of the income from a trade or business, other than a partnership, is community property income under state law, it is included in the earnings subject to SE tax of the spouse carrying on the trade or business. How to file taxes from 2011 Gain or Loss Do not include in earnings subject to SE tax a gain or loss from the disposition of property that is neither stock in trade nor held primarily for sale to customers. How to file taxes from 2011 It does not matter whether the disposition is a sale, exchange, or an involuntary conversion. How to file taxes from 2011 Lost Income Payments If you are self-employed and reduce or stop your business activities, any payment you receive from insurance or other sources for the lost business income is included in earnings subject to SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 If you are not working when you receive the payment, it still relates to your business and is included in earnings subject to SE tax, even though your business is temporarily inactive. How to file taxes from 2011 Figuring Earnings Subject to SE Tax Methods for Figuring Net Earnings There are three ways to figure your net earnings from self-employment. How to file taxes from 2011 The regular method. How to file taxes from 2011 The nonfarm optional method. How to file taxes from 2011 The farm optional method. How to file taxes from 2011 You must use the regular method unless you are eligible to use one or both of the optional methods. How to file taxes from 2011 Why use an optional method?    You may want to use the optional methods (discussed later) when you have a loss or a small net profit and any one of the following applies. How to file taxes from 2011 You want to receive credit for social security benefit coverage. How to file taxes from 2011 You incurred child or dependent care expenses for which you could claim a credit. How to file taxes from 2011 (An optional method may increase your earned income, which could increase your credit. How to file taxes from 2011 ) You are entitled to the earned income credit. How to file taxes from 2011 (An optional method may increase your earned income, which could increase your credit. How to file taxes from 2011 ) You are entitled to the additional child tax credit. How to file taxes from 2011 (An optional method may increase your earned income, which could increase your credit. How to file taxes from 2011 ) Effects of using an optional method. How to file taxes from 2011   Using an optional method could increase your SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 Paying more SE tax could result in your getting higher benefits when you retire. How to file taxes from 2011   If you use either or both optional methods, you must figure and pay the SE tax due under these methods even if you would have had a smaller tax or no tax using the regular method. How to file taxes from 2011   The optional methods may be used only to figure your SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 To figure your income tax, include your actual earnings in gross income, regardless of which method you use to determine SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 Regular Method Multiply your total earnings subject to SE tax by 92. How to file taxes from 2011 35% (. How to file taxes from 2011 9235) to get your net earnings under the regular method. How to file taxes from 2011 See Short Schedule SE, line 4, or Long Schedule SE, line 4a. How to file taxes from 2011 Net earnings figured using the regular method are also called actual net earnings. How to file taxes from 2011 Nonfarm Optional Method Use the nonfarm optional method only for earnings that do not come from farming. How to file taxes from 2011 You may use this method if you meet all the following tests. How to file taxes from 2011 You are self-employed on a regular basis. How to file taxes from 2011 This means that your actual net earnings from self-employment were $400 or more in at least 2 of the 3 tax years before the one for which you use this method. How to file taxes from 2011 The net earnings can be from either farm or nonfarm earnings or both. How to file taxes from 2011 You have used this method less than 5 years. How to file taxes from 2011 (There is a 5-year lifetime limit. How to file taxes from 2011 ) The years do not have to be one after another. How to file taxes from 2011 Your net nonfarm profits were: Less than $5,024, and Less than 72. How to file taxes from 2011 189% of your gross nonfarm income. How to file taxes from 2011 Net nonfarm profits. How to file taxes from 2011   Net nonfarm profit generally is the total of the amounts from: Line 31, Schedule C (Form 1040), Line 3, Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), Box 14, code A, Schedule K-1 (Form 1065) (from nonfarm partnerships), and Box 9, code J1, Schedule K-1 (Form 1065-B). How to file taxes from 2011   However, you may need to adjust the amount reported on Schedule K-1 if you are a general partner or if it is a loss. How to file taxes from 2011 Gross nonfarm income. How to file taxes from 2011   Your gross nonfarm income generally is the total of the amounts from: Line 7, Schedule C (Form 1040), Line 1, Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), Box 14, code C, Schedule K-1 (Form 1065) (from nonfarm partnerships), and Box 9, code J2, Schedule K-1 (Form 1065-B). How to file taxes from 2011 Figuring Nonfarm Net Earnings If you meet the three tests explained earlier, use the following table to figure your net earnings from self-employment under the nonfarm optional method. How to file taxes from 2011 Table 10-1. How to file taxes from 2011 Figuring Nonfarm Net Earnings IF your gross nonfarm income is. How to file taxes from 2011 . How to file taxes from 2011 . How to file taxes from 2011 THEN your net earnings are equal to. How to file taxes from 2011 . How to file taxes from 2011 . How to file taxes from 2011 $6,960 or less Two-thirds of your gross nonfarm income. How to file taxes from 2011 More than $6,960 $4,640 Actual net earnings. How to file taxes from 2011   Your actual net earnings are 92. How to file taxes from 2011 35% of your total earnings subject to SE tax (that is, multiply total earnings subject to SE tax by 92. How to file taxes from 2011 35% (. How to file taxes from 2011 9235) to get actual net earnings). How to file taxes from 2011 Actual net earnings are equivalent to net earnings figured using the regular method. How to file taxes from 2011 Optional net earnings less than actual net earnings. How to file taxes from 2011   You cannot use this method to report an amount less than your actual net earnings from self-employment. How to file taxes from 2011 Gross nonfarm income of $6,960 or less. How to file taxes from 2011   The following examples illustrate how to figure net earnings when gross nonfarm income is $6,960 or less. How to file taxes from 2011 Example 1. How to file taxes from 2011 Net nonfarm profit less than $5,024 and less than 72. How to file taxes from 2011 189% of gross nonfarm income. How to file taxes from 2011 Ann Green runs a craft business. How to file taxes from 2011 Her actual net earnings from self-employment were $800 in 2011 and $900 in 2012. How to file taxes from 2011 She meets the test for being self-employed on a regular basis. How to file taxes from 2011 She has used the nonfarm optional method less than 5 years. How to file taxes from 2011 Her gross income and net profit in 2013 are as follows: Gross nonfarm income $5,400 Net nonfarm profit $1,200 Ann's actual net earnings for 2013 are $1,108 ($1,200 × . How to file taxes from 2011 9235). How to file taxes from 2011 Because her net profit is less than $5,024 and less than 72. How to file taxes from 2011 189% of her gross income, she can use the nonfarm optional method to figure net earnings of $3,600 (2/3 × $5,400). How to file taxes from 2011 Because these net earnings are higher than her actual net earnings, she can report net earnings of $3,600 for 2013. How to file taxes from 2011 Example 2. How to file taxes from 2011 Net nonfarm profit less than $5,024 but not less than 72. How to file taxes from 2011 189% of gross nonfarm income. How to file taxes from 2011 Assume that in Example 1 Ann's gross income is $1,000 and her net profit is $800. How to file taxes from 2011 She must use the regular method to figure her net earnings. How to file taxes from 2011 She cannot use the nonfarm optional method because her net profit is not less than 72. How to file taxes from 2011 189% of her gross income. How to file taxes from 2011 Example 3. How to file taxes from 2011 Net loss from a nonfarm business. How to file taxes from 2011 Assume that in Example 1 Ann has a net loss of $700. How to file taxes from 2011 She can use the nonfarm optional method and report $3,600 (2/3 × $5,400) as her net earnings. How to file taxes from 2011 Example 4. How to file taxes from 2011 Nonfarm net earnings less than $400. How to file taxes from 2011 Assume that in Example 1 Ann has gross income of $525 and a net profit of $175. How to file taxes from 2011 In this situation, she would not pay any SE tax under either the regular method or the nonfarm optional method because her net earnings under both methods are less than $400. How to file taxes from 2011 Gross nonfarm income of more than $6,960. How to file taxes from 2011   The following examples illustrate how to figure net earnings when gross nonfarm income is more than $6,960. How to file taxes from 2011 Example 1. How to file taxes from 2011 Net nonfarm profit less than $5,024 and less than 72. How to file taxes from 2011 189% of gross nonfarm income. How to file taxes from 2011 John White runs an appliance repair shop. How to file taxes from 2011 His actual net earnings from self-employment were $10,500 in 2011 and $9,500 in 2012. How to file taxes from 2011 He meets the test for being self-employed on a regular basis. How to file taxes from 2011 He has used the nonfarm optional method less than 5 years. How to file taxes from 2011 His gross income and net profit in 2013 are as follows: Gross nonfarm income $12,000 Net nonfarm profit $1,200 John's actual net earnings for 2013 are $1,108 ($1,200 × . How to file taxes from 2011 9235). How to file taxes from 2011 Because his net profit is less than $5,024 and less than 72. How to file taxes from 2011 189% of his gross income, he can use the nonfarm optional method to figure net earnings of $4,640. How to file taxes from 2011 Because these net earnings are higher than his actual net earnings, he can report net earnings of $4,640 for 2013. How to file taxes from 2011 Example 2. How to file taxes from 2011 Net nonfarm profit not less than $5,024. How to file taxes from 2011 Assume that in Example 1 John's net profit is $5,400. How to file taxes from 2011 He must use the regular method. How to file taxes from 2011 He cannot use the nonfarm optional method because his net nonfarm profit is not less than $5,024. How to file taxes from 2011 Example 3. How to file taxes from 2011 Net loss from a nonfarm business. How to file taxes from 2011 Assume that in Example 1 John has a net loss of $700. How to file taxes from 2011 He can use the nonfarm optional method and report $4,640 as his net earnings from self-employment. How to file taxes from 2011 Farm Optional Method Use the farm optional method only for earnings from a farming business. How to file taxes from 2011 See Publication 225 for information about this method. How to file taxes from 2011 Using Both Optional Methods If you have both farm and nonfarm earnings, you may be able to use both optional methods to determine your net earnings from self-employment. How to file taxes from 2011 To figure your net earnings using both optional methods, you must: Figure your farm and nonfarm net earnings separately under each method. How to file taxes from 2011 Do not combine farm earnings with nonfarm earnings to figure your net earnings under either method. How to file taxes from 2011 Add the net earnings figured under each method to arrive at your total net earnings from self-employment. How to file taxes from 2011 You can report less than your total actual farm and nonfarm net earnings but not less than actual nonfarm net earnings. How to file taxes from 2011 If you use both optional methods, you can report no more than $4,640 as your combined net earnings from self-employment. How to file taxes from 2011 Example. How to file taxes from 2011 You are a self-employed farmer. How to file taxes from 2011 You also operate a retail grocery store. How to file taxes from 2011 Your gross income, actual net earnings from self-employment, and optional farm and optional nonfarm net earnings from self-employment are shown in Table 10-2. How to file taxes from 2011 Table 10-2. How to file taxes from 2011 Example—Farm and Nonfarm Earnings Income and Earnings Farm Nonfarm Gross income $3,000 $6,000 Actual net earnings $900 $500 Optional net earnings (2/3 of gross income) $2,000 $4,000 Table 10-3 shows four methods or combinations of methods you can use to figure net earnings from self-employment using the farm and nonfarm gross income and actual net earnings shown in Table 10-2. How to file taxes from 2011 Method 1. How to file taxes from 2011 Using the regular method for both farm and nonfarm income. How to file taxes from 2011 Method 2. How to file taxes from 2011 Using the optional method for farm income and the regular method for nonfarm income. How to file taxes from 2011 Method 3. How to file taxes from 2011 Using the regular method for farm income and the optional method for nonfarm income. How to file taxes from 2011 Method 4. How to file taxes from 2011 Using the optional method for both farm and nonfarm income. How to file taxes from 2011 Note. How to file taxes from 2011 Actual net earnings is the same as net earnings figured using the regular method. How to file taxes from 2011 Table 10-3. How to file taxes from 2011 Example—Net Earnings Net Earnings 1 2 3 4 Actual  farm $ 900   $ 900   Optional  farm   $ 2,000   $ 2,000 Actual nonfarm $ 500 $ 500     Optional nonfarm     $4,000 $4,000 Amount you can report: $1,400 $2,500 $4,900 $4,640* *Limited to $4,640 because you used both optional methods. How to file taxes from 2011 Fiscal Year Filer If you use a tax year other than the calendar year, you must use the tax rate and maximum earnings limit in effect at the beginning of your tax year. How to file taxes from 2011 Even if the tax rate or maximum earnings limit changes during your tax year, continue to use the same rate and limit throughout your tax year. How to file taxes from 2011 Reporting Self-Employment Tax Use Schedule SE (Form 1040) to figure and report your SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 Then enter the SE tax on line 56 of Form 1040 and attach Schedule SE to Form 1040. How to file taxes from 2011 Most taxpayers can use Section A—Short Schedule SE to figure their SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 However, certain taxpayers must use Section B—Long Schedule SE. How to file taxes from 2011 If you have to pay SE tax, you must file Form 1040 (with Schedule SE attached) even if you do not otherwise have to file a federal income tax return. How to file taxes from 2011 Joint return. How to file taxes from 2011   Even if you file a joint return, you cannot file a joint Schedule SE. How to file taxes from 2011 This is true whether one spouse or both spouses have earnings subject to SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 If both of you have earnings subject to SE tax, each of you must complete a separate Schedule SE. How to file taxes from 2011 However, if one spouse uses the Short Schedule SE and the other spouse has to use the Long Schedule SE, both can use the same form. How to file taxes from 2011 Attach both schedules to the joint return. How to file taxes from 2011 More than one business. How to file taxes from 2011   If you have more than one trade or business, you must combine the net profit (or loss) from each business to figure your SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 A loss from one business will reduce your profit from another business. How to file taxes from 2011 File one Schedule SE showing the earnings from self-employment, but file a separate Schedule C, C-EZ, or F for each business. How to file taxes from 2011 Example. How to file taxes from 2011 You are the sole proprietor of two separate businesses. How to file taxes from 2011 You operate a restaurant that made a net profit of $25,000. How to file taxes from 2011 You also have a cabinetmaking business that had a net loss of $500. How to file taxes from 2011 You must file a Schedule C for the restaurant showing your net profit of $25,000 and another Schedule C for the cabinetmaking business showing your net loss of $500. How to file taxes from 2011 You file Schedule SE showing total earnings subject to SE tax of $24,500. How to file taxes from 2011 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The How To File Taxes From 2011

How to file taxes from 2011 Publication 517 - Main Content Table of Contents Social Security CoverageCoverage of Members of the Clergy Coverage of Religious Workers (Church Employees) U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 Citizens and Resident and Nonresident Aliens Ministerial ServicesMinisters Members of Religious Orders Christian Science Practitioners and Readers Exemption From Self-Employment (SE) TaxMembers of the Clergy Members of Recognized Religious Sects Self-Employment Tax: Figuring Net EarningsRegular Method Nonfarm Optional Method Income Tax: Income and ExpensesIncome Items Expense Items Income Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax Filing Your Return Retirement Savings ArrangementsDeducting contributions to tax-sheltered annuity plans. How to file taxes from 2011 Full-time student. How to file taxes from 2011 Adjusted gross income. How to file taxes from 2011 More information. How to file taxes from 2011 Earned Income Credit Comprehensive ExampleForm W-2 From Church Form W-2 From College Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040) Form 2106-EZ Schedule A (Form 1040) Schedule SE (Form 1040) Form 1040 Attachment 1 Attachment 2 How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics Social Security Coverage This section gives information about which system (SECA or FICA) is used to collect social security and Medicare taxes from members of the clergy (ministers, members of a religious order, and Christian Science practitioners and readers) and religious workers (church employees). How to file taxes from 2011 Coverage of Members of the Clergy The services you perform in the exercise of your ministry, of the duties required by your religious order, or of your profession as a Christian Science practitioner or reader are covered by social security and Medicare under SECA. How to file taxes from 2011 Your earnings for these ministerial services (defined later) are subject to self-employment (SE) tax unless one of the following applies. How to file taxes from 2011 You are a member of a religious order who has taken a vow of poverty. How to file taxes from 2011 You ask the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for an exemption from SE tax for your services and the IRS approves your request. How to file taxes from 2011 See Exemption From Self-Employment (SE) Tax , later. How to file taxes from 2011 You are subject only to the social security laws of a foreign country under the provisions of a social security agreement between the United States and that country. How to file taxes from 2011 For more information, see Bilateral Social Security (Totalization) Agreements in Publication 54. How to file taxes from 2011 Your earnings that are not from ministerial services may be subject to social security tax under FICA or SECA according to the rules that apply to taxpayers in general. How to file taxes from 2011 See Ministerial Services , later. How to file taxes from 2011 Ministers If you are a minister of a church, your earnings for the services you perform in your capacity as a minister are subject to SE tax, even if you perform these services as an employee of that church. How to file taxes from 2011 However, you can request that the IRS grant you an exemption, as discussed under Exemption From Self-Employment (SE) Tax , later. How to file taxes from 2011 For the specific services covered, see Ministerial Services , later. How to file taxes from 2011 Ministers defined. How to file taxes from 2011   Ministers are individuals who are duly ordained, commissioned, or licensed by a religious body constituting a church or church denomination. How to file taxes from 2011 Ministers have the authority to conduct religious worship, perform sacerdotal functions, and administer ordinances or sacraments according to the prescribed tenets and practices of that church or denomination. How to file taxes from 2011   If a church or denomination ordains some ministers and licenses or commissions others, anyone licensed or commissioned must be able to perform substantially all the religious functions of an ordained minister to be treated as a minister for social security purposes. How to file taxes from 2011 Employment status for other tax purposes. How to file taxes from 2011   Even though all of your income from performing ministerial services is subject to self-employment tax for social security tax purposes, you may be an employee for income tax or retirement plan purposes in performing those same services. How to file taxes from 2011 For income tax or retirement plan purposes, your income earned as an employee will be considered wages. How to file taxes from 2011 Common-law employee. How to file taxes from 2011   Under common-law rules, you are considered either an employee or a self-employed person. How to file taxes from 2011 Generally, you are an employee if you perform services for someone who has the legal right to control both what you do and how you do it, even if you have considerable discretion and freedom of action. How to file taxes from 2011 For more information about the common-law rules, see Publication 15-A, Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide. How to file taxes from 2011   If a congregation employs you and pays you a salary, you are generally a common-law employee and income from the exercise of your ministry is wages for income tax purposes. How to file taxes from 2011 However, amounts received directly from members of the congregation, such as fees for performing marriages, baptisms, or other personal services, are not wages; such amounts are self-employment income for both income tax purposes and social security tax purposes. How to file taxes from 2011 Example. How to file taxes from 2011 A church hires and pays you a salary to perform ministerial services subject to its control. How to file taxes from 2011 Under the common-law rules, you are an employee of the church while performing those services. How to file taxes from 2011 Form SS-8. How to file taxes from 2011   If you are not certain whether you are an employee or a self-employed person, you can get a determination from the IRS by filing Form SS-8. How to file taxes from 2011 Members of Religious Orders If you are a member of a religious order who has not taken a vow of poverty, your earnings for ministerial services you perform as a member of the order are subject to SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 See Ministerial Services , later. How to file taxes from 2011 However, you can request that the IRS grant you an exemption as discussed under Exemption From Self-Employment (SE) Tax , later. How to file taxes from 2011 Vow of poverty. How to file taxes from 2011   If you are a member of a religious order and have taken a vow of poverty, you are already exempt from paying SE tax on your earnings for ministerial services you perform as an agent of your church or its agencies. How to file taxes from 2011 You do not need to request a separate exemption. How to file taxes from 2011 For income tax purposes, the earnings are tax free to you. How to file taxes from 2011 Your earnings are considered the income of the religious order. How to file taxes from 2011 Services covered under FICA at the election of the order. How to file taxes from 2011   However, even if you have taken a vow of poverty, the services you perform for your church or its agencies may be covered under social security. How to file taxes from 2011 Your services are covered if your order, or an autonomous subdivision of the order, elects social security coverage for its current and future vow-of-poverty members. How to file taxes from 2011   The order or subdivision elects coverage by filing Form SS-16. How to file taxes from 2011 The election may cover certain vow-of-poverty members for a retroactive period of up to 20 calendar quarters before the quarter in which it files the certificate. How to file taxes from 2011 If the election is made, the order or subdivision pays both the employer's and employee's share of the tax. How to file taxes from 2011 You do not pay any of the FICA tax. How to file taxes from 2011 Services performed outside the order. How to file taxes from 2011   Even if you are a member of a religious order who has taken a vow of poverty and the order requires you to turn over amounts you earn, your earnings are subject to federal income tax and either SE tax or FICA tax (including estimated tax payments and/or withholding) if you: Are self-employed or an employee of an organization outside your religious community, and Perform work not required by, or done on behalf of, the order. How to file taxes from 2011   In these cases, your income from self-employment or as an employee of that outside organization is taxable to you directly. How to file taxes from 2011 You may, however, be able to take a charitable deduction for the amount you turn over to the order. How to file taxes from 2011 See Publication 526, Charitable Contributions. How to file taxes from 2011 Rulings. How to file taxes from 2011   Organizations and individuals may request rulings from the IRS on whether they are religious orders, or members of a religious order, respectively, for FICA tax, SE tax, and federal income tax withholding purposes. How to file taxes from 2011 To request a ruling, follow the procedures in Revenue Procedure 2014-1, 2014-1 I. How to file taxes from 2011 R. How to file taxes from 2011 B. How to file taxes from 2011 1, available at www. How to file taxes from 2011 irs. How to file taxes from 2011 gov/irb/2014-1_IRB/ar05. How to file taxes from 2011 html. How to file taxes from 2011 Christian Science Practitioners and Readers Generally, your earnings from services you perform in your profession as a Christian Science practitioner or reader are subject to SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 However, you can request an exemption as discussed under Exemption From Self-Employment (SE) Tax , later. How to file taxes from 2011 Practitioners. How to file taxes from 2011   Christian Science practitioners are members in good standing of the Mother Church, The First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston, Massachusetts, who practice healing according to the teachings of Christian Science. How to file taxes from 2011 State law specifically exempts Christian Science practitioners from licensing requirements. How to file taxes from 2011   Some Christian Science practitioners also are Christian Science teachers or lecturers. How to file taxes from 2011 Income from teaching or lecturing is considered the same as income from their work as practitioners. How to file taxes from 2011 Readers. How to file taxes from 2011   For tax purposes, Christian Science readers are considered the same as ordained, commissioned, or licensed ministers. How to file taxes from 2011 Coverage of Religious Workers (Church Employees) If you are a religious worker (a church employee) and are not in one of the classes already discussed, your wages are generally subject to social security and Medicare tax under FICA, not SECA. How to file taxes from 2011 Some exceptions are discussed next. How to file taxes from 2011 Election by Church To Exclude Its Employees From FICA Coverage Churches and qualified church-controlled organizations (church organizations) that are opposed for religious reasons to the payment of social security and Medicare taxes can elect to exclude their employees from FICA coverage. How to file taxes from 2011 If your employer makes this election, it does not pay the employer's portion of the FICA taxes or withhold from your pay your portion of the FICA taxes. How to file taxes from 2011 Instead, your wages are subject to SECA and you must pay SE tax on your wages if they exceed $108. How to file taxes from 2011 28 during the tax year. How to file taxes from 2011 However, you can request an exemption from SE tax if you are a member of a recognized religious sect, as discussed below. How to file taxes from 2011 Churches and church organizations make this election by filing two copies of Form 8274. How to file taxes from 2011 For more information about making this election, see Form 8274. How to file taxes from 2011 Election by Certain Church Employees Who Are Opposed to Social Security and Medicare You may be able to choose to be exempt from social security and Medicare taxes, including the SE tax, if you are a member of a recognized religious sect or division and work for a church (or church-controlled nonprofit division) that does not pay the employer's part of the social security tax on wages. How to file taxes from 2011 This exemption does not apply to your service, if any, as a minister of a church or as a member of a religious order. How to file taxes from 2011 Make this choice by filing Form 4029. How to file taxes from 2011 See Requesting Exemption—Form 4029 , later, under Members of Recognized Religious Sects. How to file taxes from 2011 U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 Citizens and Resident and Nonresident Aliens To be covered under the SE tax provisions (SECA), individuals generally must be citizens or resident aliens of the United States. How to file taxes from 2011 Nonresident aliens are not covered under SECA unless a social security agreement in effect between the United States and the foreign country determines that you are covered under the U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 social security system. How to file taxes from 2011 To determine your alien status, see Publication 519, U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 Tax Guide for Aliens. How to file taxes from 2011 Residents of Puerto Rico, the U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 Virgin Islands, Guam, the CNMI, and American Samoa. How to file taxes from 2011   If you are a resident of one of these U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 possessions but not a U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 citizen, for SE tax purposes you are treated the same as a citizen or resident alien of the United States. How to file taxes from 2011 For information on figuring the tax, see Self-Employment Tax: Figuring Net Earnings , later. How to file taxes from 2011 Ministerial Services Ministerial services, in general, are the services you perform in the exercise of your ministry, in the exercise of your duties as required by your religious order, or in the exercise of your profession as a Christian Science practitioner or reader. How to file taxes from 2011 Income you receive for performing ministerial services is subject to SE tax unless you have an exemption as explained later. How to file taxes from 2011 Even if you have an exemption, only the income you receive for performing ministerial services is exempt. How to file taxes from 2011 The exemption does not apply to any other income. How to file taxes from 2011 The following discussions provide more detailed information on ministerial services of ministers, members of a religious order, and Christian Science practitioners and readers. How to file taxes from 2011 Ministers Most services you perform as a minister, priest, rabbi, etc. How to file taxes from 2011 , are ministerial services. How to file taxes from 2011 These services include: Performing sacerdotal functions, Conducting religious worship, and Controlling, conducting, and maintaining religious organizations (including the religious boards, societies, and other integral agencies of such organizations) that are under the authority of a religious body that is a church or denomination. How to file taxes from 2011 You are considered to control, conduct, and maintain a religious organization if you direct, manage, or promote the organization's activities. How to file taxes from 2011 A religious organization is under the authority of a religious body that is a church or denomination if it is organized for and dedicated to carrying out the principles of a faith according to the requirements governing the creation of institutions of the faith. How to file taxes from 2011 Services for nonreligious organizations. How to file taxes from 2011   Your services for a nonreligious organization are ministerial services if the services are assigned or designated by your church. How to file taxes from 2011 Assigned or designated services qualify even if they do not involve performing sacerdotal functions or conducting religious worship. How to file taxes from 2011   If your services are not assigned or designated by your church, they are ministerial services only if they involve performing sacerdotal functions or conducting religious worship. How to file taxes from 2011 Services that are not part of your ministry. How to file taxes from 2011   Income from services you perform as an employee that are not ministerial services is subject to social security and Medicare tax withholding under FICA (not SECA) under the rules that apply to employees in general. How to file taxes from 2011 The following are not ministerial services. How to file taxes from 2011 Services you perform for nonreligious organizations other than the services stated above. How to file taxes from 2011 Services you perform as a duly ordained, commissioned, or licensed minister of a church as an employee of the United States, the District of Columbia, a foreign government, or any of their political subdivisions. How to file taxes from 2011 These services are not ministerial services even if you are performing sacerdotal functions or conducting religious worship. How to file taxes from 2011 (For example, if you perform services as a chaplain in the Armed Forces of the United States, those services are not ministerial services. How to file taxes from 2011 ) Services you perform in a government-owned and operated hospital. How to file taxes from 2011 (These services are considered performed by a government employee, not by a minister as part of the ministry. How to file taxes from 2011 ) However, services that you perform at a church-related hospital or health and welfare institution, or a private nonprofit hospital, are considered to be part of the ministry and are considered ministerial services. How to file taxes from 2011 Books or articles. How to file taxes from 2011   Writing religious books or articles is considered to be in the exercise of your ministry and is considered a ministerial service. How to file taxes from 2011   This rule also applies to members of religious orders and to Christian Science practitioners and readers. How to file taxes from 2011 Members of Religious Orders Services you perform as a member of a religious order in the exercise of duties required by the order are ministerial services. How to file taxes from 2011 The services are considered ministerial because you perform them as an agent of the order. How to file taxes from 2011 For example, if the order directs you to perform services for another agency of the supervising church or an associated institution, you are considered to perform the services as an agent of the order. How to file taxes from 2011 However, if the order directs you to work outside the order, this employment will not be considered a duty required by the order unless: Your services are the kind that are ordinarily performed by members of the order, and Your services are part of the duties that must be exercised for, or on behalf of, the religious order as its agent. How to file taxes from 2011 Effect of employee status. How to file taxes from 2011   Ordinarily, if your services are not considered directed or required of you by the order, you and the outside party for whom you work are considered employee and employer. How to file taxes from 2011 In this case, your earnings from the services are taxed under the rules that apply to employees in general, not under the rules for services provided as agent for the order. How to file taxes from 2011 This result is true even if you have taken a vow of poverty. How to file taxes from 2011 Example. How to file taxes from 2011 Pat Brown and Chris Green are members of a religious order and have taken vows of poverty. How to file taxes from 2011 They renounce all claims to their earnings. How to file taxes from 2011 The earnings belong to the order. How to file taxes from 2011 Pat is a licensed attorney. How to file taxes from 2011 The superiors of the order instructed her to get a job with a law firm. How to file taxes from 2011 Pat joined a law firm as an employee and, as she requested, the firm made the salary payments directly to the order. How to file taxes from 2011 Chris is a secretary. How to file taxes from 2011 The superiors of the order instructed him to accept a job with the business office of the church that supervises the order. How to file taxes from 2011 Chris took the job and gave all his earnings to the order. How to file taxes from 2011 Pat's services are not duties required by the order. How to file taxes from 2011 Her earnings are subject to social security and Medicare tax under FICA and to federal income tax. How to file taxes from 2011 Chris' services are duties required by the order. How to file taxes from 2011 He is acting as an agent of the order and not as an employee of a third party. How to file taxes from 2011 He does not include the earnings in gross income, and they are not subject to income tax withholding or to social security and Medicare tax under FICA or SECA. How to file taxes from 2011 Christian Science Practitioners and Readers Services you perform as a Christian Science practitioner or reader in the exercise of your profession are ministerial services. How to file taxes from 2011 Amounts you receive for performing these services are generally subject to SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 You may request an exemption from SE tax, discussed next, which applies only to those services. How to file taxes from 2011 Exemption From Self-Employment (SE) Tax You can request an exemption from SE tax if you are a member of the clergy (minister, member of a religious order, or Christian Science practitioner or reader) or a member of a recognized religious sect. How to file taxes from 2011 Generally, members of religious orders who have taken a vow of poverty are already exempt from paying SE tax, as discussed earlier under Members of Religious Orders under Social Security Coverage. How to file taxes from 2011 They do not have to request the exemption. How to file taxes from 2011 Who cannot be exempt. How to file taxes from 2011   You cannot be exempt from SE tax if you made one of the following elections to be covered under social security. How to file taxes from 2011 These elections are irrevocable. How to file taxes from 2011 You elected to be covered under social security by filing Form 2031, Revocation of Exemption From Self-Employment Tax for Use by Ministers, Members of Religious Orders, and Christian Science Practitioners, for your 1986, 1987, 2000, or 2001 tax year. How to file taxes from 2011 You elected before 1968 to be covered under social security for your ministerial services. How to file taxes from 2011 Requesting exemption. How to file taxes from 2011    Table 2, earlier, briefly summarizes the procedure for requesting exemption from the SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 More detailed explanations follow. How to file taxes from 2011 If you are a minister, member of a religious order, or Christian Science practitioner, an approved exemption only applies to earnings you receive for ministerial services, discussed earlier. How to file taxes from 2011 It does not apply to any other self-employment income. How to file taxes from 2011 Table 2. How to file taxes from 2011 The Self-Employment Tax Exemption Application and Approval Process   Who Can Apply Members of the Clergy Members of Recognized  Religious Sects How File Form 4361 File Form 4029 When File by the due date (including extensions) of your income tax return for the second tax year in which you had at least $400 of net earnings from self-employment (at least part from ministerial services) File anytime Approval If approved, you will receive an approved copy of Form 4361 If approved, you will receive an approved copy of Form 4029 Effective Date For all tax years after 1967 in which you have at least $400 of net earnings from self-employment For all tax years beginning with the first year you meet the eligibility requirements discussed later Members of the Clergy To claim the exemption from SE tax, you must meet all of the following conditions. How to file taxes from 2011 You file Form 4361, described below under Requesting Exemption—Form 4361 . How to file taxes from 2011 You are conscientiously opposed to public insurance because of your individual religious considerations (not because of your general conscience), or you are opposed because of the principles of your religious denomination. How to file taxes from 2011 You file for other than economic reasons. How to file taxes from 2011 You inform the ordaining, commissioning, or licensing body of your church or order that you are opposed to public insurance if you are a minister or a member of a religious order (other than a vow-of-poverty member). How to file taxes from 2011 This requirement does not apply to Christian Science practitioners or readers. How to file taxes from 2011 You establish that the organization that ordained, commissioned, or licensed you, or your religious order, is a tax-exempt religious organization. How to file taxes from 2011 You establish that the organization is a church or a convention or association of churches. How to file taxes from 2011 You did not make an election discussed earlier under Who cannot be exempt . How to file taxes from 2011 You sign and return the statement the IRS mails to you to certify that you are requesting an exemption based on the grounds listed on the statement. How to file taxes from 2011 Requesting Exemption—Form 4361 To request exemption from SE tax, file Form 4361 in triplicate (original and two copies) with the IRS. How to file taxes from 2011 The IRS will return to you a copy of the Form 4361 that you filed indicating whether it has approved your exemption. How to file taxes from 2011 If it is approved, keep the approved copy of Form 4361 in your permanent records. How to file taxes from 2011 When to file. How to file taxes from 2011   File Form 4361 by the date your income tax return is due, including extensions, for the second tax year in which both of the following are true. How to file taxes from 2011 You have net earnings from self-employment of at least $400. How to file taxes from 2011 Any part of those net earnings was from ministerial services you performed as a: Minister, Member of a religious order, or Christian Science practitioner or reader. How to file taxes from 2011 The 2 years do not have to be consecutive tax years. How to file taxes from 2011    The approval process can take some time, so you should file Form 4361 as soon as possible. How to file taxes from 2011 Example 1. How to file taxes from 2011 Rev. How to file taxes from 2011 Lawrence Jaeger, a clergyman ordained in 2013, has net self-employment earnings as a minister of $450 in 2013 and $500 in 2014. How to file taxes from 2011 He must file his application for exemption by the due date, including extensions, for his 2014 income tax return. How to file taxes from 2011 However, if Rev. How to file taxes from 2011 Jaeger does not receive IRS approval for an exemption by April 15, 2015, his SE tax for 2014 is due by that date. How to file taxes from 2011 Example 2. How to file taxes from 2011 Rev. How to file taxes from 2011 Louise Wolfe has only $300 in net self-employment earnings as a minister in 2013, but earned more than $400 in 2012 and expects to earn more than $400 in 2014. How to file taxes from 2011 She must file her application for exemption by the due date, including extensions, for her 2014 income tax return. How to file taxes from 2011 However, if she does not receive IRS approval for an exemption by April 15, 2015, her SE tax for 2014 is due by that date. How to file taxes from 2011 Example 3. How to file taxes from 2011 In 2011, Rev. How to file taxes from 2011 David Moss was ordained a minister and had $700 in net self-employment earnings as a minister. How to file taxes from 2011 In 2012, he received $1,000 as a minister, but his related expenses were over $1,000. How to file taxes from 2011 Therefore, he had no net self-employment earnings as a minister in 2012. How to file taxes from 2011 Also in 2012, he opened a book store and had $8,000 in net self-employment earnings from the store. How to file taxes from 2011 In 2013, he had net self-employment earnings of $1,500 as a minister and $10,000 net self-employment earnings from the store. How to file taxes from 2011 Rev. How to file taxes from 2011 Moss had net earnings from self-employment in 2011 and 2013 that were $400 or more each year, and part of the self-employment earnings in each of those years was for his services as a minister. How to file taxes from 2011 Thus, he must file his application for exemption by the due date, including extensions, for his 2013 income tax return. How to file taxes from 2011 Death of individual. How to file taxes from 2011   The right to file an application for exemption ends with an individual's death. How to file taxes from 2011 A surviving spouse, executor, or administrator cannot file an exemption application for a deceased clergy member. How to file taxes from 2011 Effective date of exemption. How to file taxes from 2011   An approved exemption is effective for all tax years after 1967 in which you have $400 or more of net earnings from self-employment and any part of those earnings is for services as a member of the clergy. How to file taxes from 2011 Once the exemption is approved, it is irrevocable. How to file taxes from 2011 Example. How to file taxes from 2011 Rev. How to file taxes from 2011 Trudy Austin, ordained in 2010, had $400 or more in net self-employment earnings as a minister in both 2010 and 2013. How to file taxes from 2011 She files an application for exemption on February 20, 2014. How to file taxes from 2011 If an exemption is granted, it is effective for 2010 and the following years. How to file taxes from 2011 Refunds of SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011   If, after receiving an approved Form 4361, you find that you overpaid SE tax, you can file a claim for refund on Form 1040X. How to file taxes from 2011 Generally, for a refund, you must file Form 1040X within 3 years from the date you filed the return or within 2 years from the date you paid the tax, whichever is later. How to file taxes from 2011 A return you filed, or tax you paid, before the due date is considered to have been filed or paid on the due date. How to file taxes from 2011   If you file a claim after the 3-year period but within 2 years from the time you paid the tax, the credit or refund will not be more than the tax you paid within the 2 years immediately before you file the claim. How to file taxes from 2011 Members of Recognized Religious Sects If you are a member of a recognized religious sect, or a division of a recognized religious sect, you can apply for an exemption from payment of social security and Medicare taxes on both your self-employment income and the wages you earn from an employer who also has an exemption. How to file taxes from 2011 Exception. How to file taxes from 2011   If you received social security benefits or payments, or anyone else received these benefits or payments based on your wages or self-employment income, you cannot apply. How to file taxes from 2011 However, if you pay your benefits back, you may be considered for exemption. How to file taxes from 2011 Contact your local Social Security Administration office to find out the amount you must pay back. How to file taxes from 2011 Eligibility requirements. How to file taxes from 2011   To claim this exemption from SE tax, all the following requirements must be met. How to file taxes from 2011 You must file Form 4029, discussed later under Requesting Exemption—Form 4029 . How to file taxes from 2011 As a follower of the established teachings of the sect or division, you must be conscientiously opposed to accepting benefits of any private or public insurance that makes payments for death, disability, old age, retirement, or medical care, or provides services for medical care. How to file taxes from 2011 You must waive all rights to receive any social security payment or benefit and agree that no benefits or payments will be made to anyone else based on your wages and self-employment income. How to file taxes from 2011 The Commissioner of Social Security must determine that: Your sect or division has the established teachings as described in (2) above, It is the practice, and has been for a substantial period of time, for members of the sect or division to provide for their dependent members in a manner that is reasonable in view of the members' general level of living, and The sect or division has existed at all times since December 31, 1950. How to file taxes from 2011 Requesting Exemption—Form 4029 To request the exemption, file Form 4029 in triplicate (original and two copies) with the Social Security Administration at the address shown on the form. How to file taxes from 2011 The sect or division must complete part of the form. How to file taxes from 2011 The IRS will return to you a copy of the Form 4029 that you filed indicating whether it has approved your exemption. How to file taxes from 2011 If it is approved, keep the approved copy of Form 4029 in your permanent records. How to file taxes from 2011 When to file. How to file taxes from 2011   You can file Form 4029 at any time. How to file taxes from 2011   If you have an approved exemption from SE tax and for some reason that approved exemption ended, you must file a new Form 4029 if you subsequently meet the eligibility requirements, discussed earlier. How to file taxes from 2011 See Effective date of exemption next for information on when the newly approved exemption would become effective. How to file taxes from 2011    If you have a previously approved exemption from SE tax and you change membership to another recognized religious sect, without any change to your eligibility requirements, then you do not need to file a new Form 4029. How to file taxes from 2011 Effective date of exemption. How to file taxes from 2011   An approved exemption from SE tax generally is effective for all tax years beginning with the first year you meet the eligibility requirements discussed earlier. How to file taxes from 2011 (For example, if you meet the eligibility requirements in 2011, you file Form 4029 in 2012, and the IRS approves your exemption in 2013, your exemption is effective for tax year 2011 and all later years. How to file taxes from 2011 )   The exemption will end if you fail to meet the eligibility requirements or if the Commissioner of Social Security determines that the sect or division fails to meet them. How to file taxes from 2011 You must notify the IRS within 60 days if you are no longer a member of the religious group, or if you no longer follow the established teachings of this group. How to file taxes from 2011 The exemption will end for the tax year where you or your sect/division first fails to meet the eligibility requirements. How to file taxes from 2011 Refunds of SE tax paid. How to file taxes from 2011    To get a refund of any SE tax you paid while the exemption was in effect, file Form 1040X. How to file taxes from 2011 For information on filing this form, see Refunds of SE tax under Requesting Exemption—Form 4361, earlier. How to file taxes from 2011 Exemption From FICA Taxes Generally, under FICA, the employer and the employee each pay half of the social security and Medicare tax. How to file taxes from 2011 Both the employee and the employer, if they meet the eligibility requirements discussed earlier, can apply to be exempt from their share of FICA taxes on wages paid by the employer to the employee. How to file taxes from 2011 A partnership in which each partner holds a religious exemption from social security and Medicare is an employer for this purpose. How to file taxes from 2011 If the employer's application is approved, the exemption will apply only to FICA taxes on wages paid to employees who also received an approval of identical applications. How to file taxes from 2011 Information for employers. How to file taxes from 2011   If you have an approved Form 4029 and you have an employee who has an approved Form 4029, do not report wages you paid to the employee as social security and Medicare wages. How to file taxes from 2011   If you have an employee who does not have an approved Form 4029, you must withhold the employee's share of social security and Medicare taxes and pay the employer's share. How to file taxes from 2011 Form W-2. How to file taxes from 2011   When preparing a Form W-2 for an employee with an approved Form 4029, enter “Form 4029” in box 14, “Other. How to file taxes from 2011 ” Do not make any entries in boxes 3, 4, 5, or 6. How to file taxes from 2011 Forms 941, 943, and 944. How to file taxes from 2011   If both you and your employee have received approved Forms 4029, do not include these exempt wages on the following forms. How to file taxes from 2011 Instead, follow the instructions given below. How to file taxes from 2011 Form 941, Employer's QUARTERLY Federal Tax Return: check the box on line 4 and enter “Form 4029” in the empty space below the check box. How to file taxes from 2011 Form 943, Employer's Annual Federal Tax Return for Agricultural Employees: enter “Form 4029” on the dotted line next to the lines 2 and 4 entry spaces. How to file taxes from 2011 Form 944, Employer's ANNUAL Federal Tax Return: check the box on line 3 and enter “Form 4029” in the empty space below the check box. How to file taxes from 2011 Effective date. How to file taxes from 2011   An approved exemption from FICA becomes effective on the first day of the first calendar quarter after the quarter in which you file Form 4029. How to file taxes from 2011 The exemption will end on the last day of the calendar quarter before the quarter in which the employer, employee, sect, or division fails to meet the requirements. How to file taxes from 2011 Self-Employment Tax: Figuring Net Earnings There are two methods for figuring your net earnings from self-employment as a member of the clergy or a religious worker. How to file taxes from 2011 Regular method. How to file taxes from 2011 Nonfarm optional method. How to file taxes from 2011 You may find Worksheets 1 through 4 helpful in figuring your net earnings from self-employment. How to file taxes from 2011 Blank worksheets are in the back of this publication, after the Comprehensive Example. How to file taxes from 2011 Regular Method Most people use the regular method. How to file taxes from 2011 Under this method, figure your net earnings from self-employment by totaling your gross income for services you performed as a minister, a member of a religious order who has not taken a vow of poverty, or a Christian Science practitioner or reader. How to file taxes from 2011 Then, subtract your allowable business deductions and multiply the difference by 92. How to file taxes from 2011 35% (. How to file taxes from 2011 9235). How to file taxes from 2011 Use Schedule SE (Form 1040) to figure your net earnings and SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 If you are an employee of a church that elected to exclude you from FICA coverage, figure net earnings by multiplying your church wages shown on Form W-2 by 92. How to file taxes from 2011 35% (. How to file taxes from 2011 9235). How to file taxes from 2011 Do not reduce your wages by any business deductions when making this computation. How to file taxes from 2011 Use Schedule SE (Form 1040), Section B, to figure your net earnings and SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 If you have an approved exemption, or you are automatically exempt, do not include the income or deductions from ministerial services in figuring your net earnings from self-employment. How to file taxes from 2011 Amounts included in gross income. How to file taxes from 2011   To figure your net earnings from self-employment (on Schedule SE (Form 1040)), include in gross income: Salaries and fees for your ministerial services (discussed earlier), Offerings you receive for marriages, baptisms, funerals, masses, etc. How to file taxes from 2011 , The value of meals and lodging provided to you, your spouse, and your dependents for your employer's convenience, The fair rental value of a parsonage provided to you (including the cost of utilities that are furnished) and the rental allowance (including an amount for payment of utilities) paid to you, and Any amount a church pays toward your income tax or SE tax, other than withholding the amount from your salary. How to file taxes from 2011 This amount is also subject to income tax. How to file taxes from 2011   For the income tax treatment of items (2) and (4), see Income Tax: Income and Expenses , later. How to file taxes from 2011 Example. How to file taxes from 2011 Pastor Roger Adams receives an annual salary of $39,000 as a full-time minister. How to file taxes from 2011 The $39,000 includes $5,000 that is designated as a rental allowance to pay utilities. How to file taxes from 2011 His church owns a parsonage that has a fair rental value of $12,000 per year. How to file taxes from 2011 The church gives Pastor Adams the use of the parsonage. How to file taxes from 2011 He is not exempt from SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 He must include $51,000 ($39,000 plus $12,000) when figuring his net earnings for SE tax purposes. How to file taxes from 2011 The results would be the same if, instead of the use of the parsonage and receipt of the rental allowance for utilities, Pastor Adams had received an annual salary of $51,000 of which $17,000 ($5,000 plus $12,000) per year was designated as a rental allowance. How to file taxes from 2011 Overseas duty. How to file taxes from 2011   Your net earnings from self-employment are determined without any foreign earned income exclusion or the foreign housing exclusion or deduction if you are a U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 citizen or resident alien serving abroad and living in a foreign country. How to file taxes from 2011   For information on excluding foreign earned income or the foreign housing amount, see Publication 54. How to file taxes from 2011 Example. How to file taxes from 2011 Diane Jones was the minister of a U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 church in Mexico. How to file taxes from 2011 She earned $35,000 in that position and was able to exclude it all for income tax purposes under the foreign earned income exclusion. How to file taxes from 2011 The United States does not have a social security agreement with Mexico, so Mrs. How to file taxes from 2011 Jones is subject to U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 SE tax and must include $35,000 when figuring net earnings from self-employment. How to file taxes from 2011 Specified U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 possessions. How to file taxes from 2011    The exclusion from gross income for amounts derived from American Samoa or Puerto Rico does not apply in computing net earnings from self-employment. How to file taxes from 2011 Also see Residents of Puerto Rico, the U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 Virgin Islands, Guam, the CNMI, and American Samoa , earlier, under U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 Citizens and Resident and Nonresident Aliens. How to file taxes from 2011 Amounts not included in gross income. How to file taxes from 2011   Do not include the following amounts in gross income when figuring your net earnings from self-employment. How to file taxes from 2011 Offerings that others made to the church. How to file taxes from 2011 Contributions by your church to a tax-sheltered annuity plan set up for you, including any salary reduction contributions (elective deferrals) that are not included in your gross income. How to file taxes from 2011 Pension payments or retirement allowances you receive for your past ministerial services. How to file taxes from 2011 The rental value of a parsonage or a parsonage allowance provided to you after you retire. How to file taxes from 2011 Allowable deductions. How to file taxes from 2011   When figuring your net earnings from self-employment, deduct all your expenses related to your ministerial services performed as a self-employed person. How to file taxes from 2011 These are ministerial expenses you incurred while working other than as a common-law employee of the church. How to file taxes from 2011 They include expenses incurred in performing marriages and baptisms, and in delivering speeches. How to file taxes from 2011 Deduct these expenses on Schedule C or C-EZ (Form 1040), and carry the net amount to line 2 of Schedule SE (Form 1040), Section A or B. How to file taxes from 2011   Wages earned as a common-law employee (explained earlier) of a church are generally subject to self-employment tax unless an exemption is requested, as discussed earlier under Exemption From Self-Employment (SE) Tax . How to file taxes from 2011 Subtract any allowable expenses (including unreimbursed employee business expenses) from those wages, include the net amount on line 2 of Schedule SE (Form 1040), Section A or B, and attach an explanation. How to file taxes from 2011 Do not complete Schedule C or C-EZ (Form 1040). How to file taxes from 2011 However, for income tax purposes, the expenses are allowed only as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040) to the extent they exceed 2% of adjusted gross income. How to file taxes from 2011 Employee reimbursement arrangements. How to file taxes from 2011   If you received an advance, allowance, or reimbursement for your employee expenses, how you report this amount and your employee expenses depends on whether your employer reimbursed you under an accountable plan or a nonaccountable plan. How to file taxes from 2011 Ask your employer if you are not sure if it reimburses you using an accountable or a nonaccountable plan. How to file taxes from 2011 Accountable plans. How to file taxes from 2011   To be an accountable plan, your employer's reimbursement arrangement must include all three of the following rules. How to file taxes from 2011 Your expenses must have a business connection—that is, you must have paid or incurred deductible expenses while performing services as an employee of your employer. How to file taxes from 2011 You must adequately account to your employer for these expenses within a reasonable period of time. How to file taxes from 2011 You must return any excess reimbursement or allowance within a reasonable period of time. How to file taxes from 2011   The reimbursement is not reported on your Form W-2. How to file taxes from 2011 Generally, if your expenses equal your reimbursement, you have no deduction. How to file taxes from 2011 If your expenses are more than your reimbursement, you can deduct your excess expenses for SE tax and income tax purposes. How to file taxes from 2011 Nonaccountable plan. How to file taxes from 2011   A nonaccountable plan is a reimbursement arrangement that does not meet all three of the rules listed under Accountable plans above. How to file taxes from 2011 In addition, even if your employer has an accountable plan, the following payments will be treated as being paid under a nonaccountable plan. How to file taxes from 2011 Excess reimbursements you fail to return to your employer. How to file taxes from 2011 Reimbursement of nondeductible expenses related to your employer's business. How to file taxes from 2011   Your employer will combine any reimbursement paid to you under a nonaccountable plan with your wages, salary, or other compensation and report the combined total in box 1 of your Form W-2. How to file taxes from 2011 Since reimbursements under a nonaccountable plan are included in your gross income, you can deduct your related expenses (for SE tax and income tax purposes) regardless of whether they are more than, less than, or equal to your reimbursement. How to file taxes from 2011   For more information on accountable and nonaccountable plans, see Publication 463, Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and Car Expenses. How to file taxes from 2011 Married Couple Missionary Team If both spouses are duly ordained, commissioned, or licensed ministers of a church and have an agreement that each will perform specific services for which they are paid jointly or separately, they must divide the self-employment income according to the agreement. How to file taxes from 2011 If the agreement is with one spouse only and the other spouse is not paid for any specific duties, amounts received for their services are included only in the self-employment income of the spouse having the agreement. How to file taxes from 2011 Earnings Subject to SE Tax For 2013, the maximum net earnings from self-employment subject to social security (old age, survivors, and disability insurance) tax is $113,700 minus any wages and tips you earned that were subject to social security tax. How to file taxes from 2011 The tax rate for the social security part is 12. How to file taxes from 2011 4%. How to file taxes from 2011 In addition, all of your net earnings are subject to the Medicare (hospital insurance) part of the SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 This tax rate is 2. How to file taxes from 2011 9%. How to file taxes from 2011 The combined self-employment tax rate is 15. How to file taxes from 2011 3%. How to file taxes from 2011 Additional Medicare Tax. How to file taxes from 2011   Beginning in 2013, a 0. How to file taxes from 2011 9% Additional Medicare Tax applies to Medicare wages, railroad retirement (RRTA) compensation, and self-employment income that are more than: $125,000 if married filing separately, $250,000 if married filing jointly, or $200,000 for any other filing status. How to file taxes from 2011 Medicare wages and self-employment income are combined to determine if income exceeds the threshold. How to file taxes from 2011 A self-employment loss is not considered for purposes of this tax. How to file taxes from 2011 RRTA compensation is separately compared to the threshold. How to file taxes from 2011 For more information, see Form 8959, Additional Medicare Tax, and its separate instructions. How to file taxes from 2011 Nonfarm Optional Method You may be able to use the nonfarm optional method for figuring your net earnings from self-employment. How to file taxes from 2011 In general, the nonfarm optional method is intended to permit continued coverage for social security and Medicare purposes when your income for the tax year is low. How to file taxes from 2011 You may use the nonfarm optional method if you meet all the following tests. How to file taxes from 2011 You are self-employed on a regular basis. How to file taxes from 2011 You meet this test if your actual net earnings from self-employment were $400 or more in at least 2 of the 3 tax years before the one for which you use this method. How to file taxes from 2011 The net earnings can be from either farm or nonfarm earnings or both. How to file taxes from 2011 You have used this method less than 5 prior years. How to file taxes from 2011 (There is a 5-year lifetime limit. How to file taxes from 2011 ) The years do not have to be consecutive. How to file taxes from 2011 Your net nonfarm profits were: Less than $5,024, and Less than 72. How to file taxes from 2011 189% of your gross nonfarm income. How to file taxes from 2011 If you meet all three tests, use Table 3 to figure your net earnings from self-employment under the nonfarm optional method. How to file taxes from 2011 Table 3. How to file taxes from 2011 Figuring Nonfarm Net Earnings IF your gross nonfarm income is . How to file taxes from 2011 . How to file taxes from 2011 . How to file taxes from 2011 THEN your net earnings are equal to . How to file taxes from 2011 . How to file taxes from 2011 . How to file taxes from 2011 $6,960 or less Two-thirds of your gross nonfarm income. How to file taxes from 2011 More than $6,960 $4,640. How to file taxes from 2011 Actual net earnings. How to file taxes from 2011   Multiply your total earnings subject to SE tax by 92. How to file taxes from 2011 35% (. How to file taxes from 2011 9235) to get actual net earnings. How to file taxes from 2011 Actual net earnings are equivalent to net earnings under the “Regular Method. How to file taxes from 2011 ” More information. How to file taxes from 2011   For more information on the nonfarm optional method, see Publication 334, Tax Guide for Small Business, and the Schedule SE (Form 1040) instructions. How to file taxes from 2011 Income Tax: Income and Expenses Some income and expense items are treated the same for both income tax and SE tax purposes and some are treated differently. How to file taxes from 2011 Note. How to file taxes from 2011 For purposes of this section, references to members of the clergy are only to ministers or members of a religious order. How to file taxes from 2011 Income Items The tax treatment of offerings and fees, outside earnings, rental allowances, rental value of a parsonage, earnings of members of religious orders, and foreign earned income is discussed here. How to file taxes from 2011 Offerings and Fees If you are a member of the clergy, you must include in your income offerings and fees you receive for marriages, baptisms, funerals, masses, etc. How to file taxes from 2011 , in addition to your salary. How to file taxes from 2011 If the offering is made to the religious institution, it is not taxable to you. How to file taxes from 2011 Outside Earnings If you are a member of a religious organization and you give your outside earnings to the organization, you still must include the earnings in your income. How to file taxes from 2011 However, you may be entitled to a charitable contribution deduction for the amount paid to the organization. How to file taxes from 2011 For more information, see Publication 526. How to file taxes from 2011 Exclusion of Rental Allowance and Fair Rental Value of a Parsonage Ordained, commissioned, or licensed ministers of the gospel may be able to exclude from income tax the rental allowance or fair rental value of a parsonage that is provided to them as pay for their services. How to file taxes from 2011 Services include: Ministerial services, discussed earlier, Administrative duties and teaching at theological seminaries, and The ordinary duties of a minister performed as an employee of the United States (other than as a chaplain in the Armed Forces), a state, possession, political subdivision, or the District of Columbia. How to file taxes from 2011 This exclusion applies only for income tax purposes. How to file taxes from 2011 It does not apply for SE tax purposes, as discussed earlier under Amounts included in gross income under Self-Employment Tax: Figuring Net Earnings. How to file taxes from 2011 Designation requirement. How to file taxes from 2011   The church or organization that employs you must officially designate the payment as a housing allowance before it makes the payment. How to file taxes from 2011 It must designate a definite amount. How to file taxes from 2011 It cannot determine the amount of the housing allowance at a later date. How to file taxes from 2011 If the church or organization does not officially designate a definite amount as a housing allowance, you must include your total salary in your income. How to file taxes from 2011   If you are employed and paid by a local congregation, a resolution by a national church agency of your denomination does not effectively designate a housing allowance for you. How to file taxes from 2011 The local congregation must officially designate the part of your salary that is a housing allowance. How to file taxes from 2011 However, a resolution of a national church agency can designate your housing allowance if you are directly employed by the national agency. How to file taxes from 2011 Rental allowances. How to file taxes from 2011   If you receive in your salary an amount officially designated as a rental allowance (including an amount to pay utility costs), you can exclude the allowance from your gross income if: You use the amount to provide or rent a home, and The amount is not more than reasonable pay for your services. How to file taxes from 2011   The amount you exclude cannot be more than the fair rental value of the home, including furnishings, plus the cost of utilities. How to file taxes from 2011 Fair rental value of parsonage. How to file taxes from 2011   You can exclude from gross income the fair rental value of a house or parsonage, including utilities, furnished to you as part of your earnings. How to file taxes from 2011 However, the exclusion cannot be more than the reasonable pay for your services. How to file taxes from 2011 If you pay for the utilities, you can exclude any allowance designated for utility costs, up to your actual cost. How to file taxes from 2011 Example. How to file taxes from 2011 Rev. How to file taxes from 2011 Joanna Baker is a full-time minister. How to file taxes from 2011 The church allows her to use a parsonage that has an annual fair rental value of $24,000. How to file taxes from 2011 The church pays her an annual salary of $67,000, of which $7,500 is designated for utility costs. How to file taxes from 2011 Her actual utility costs during the year were $7,000. How to file taxes from 2011 For income tax purposes, Rev. How to file taxes from 2011 Baker excludes $31,000 from gross income ($24,000 fair rental value of the parsonage plus $7,000 from the allowance for utility costs). How to file taxes from 2011 She will report $60,000 ($59,500 salary plus $500 of unused utility allowance). How to file taxes from 2011 Her income for SE tax purposes, however, is $91,000 ($67,000 salary + $24,000 fair rental value of the parsonage). How to file taxes from 2011 Home ownership. How to file taxes from 2011   If you own your home and you receive as part of your salary a housing or rental allowance, you may exclude from gross income the smallest of: The amount actually used to provide a home, The amount officially designated as a rental allowance, or The fair rental value of the home, including furnishings, utilities, garage, etc. How to file taxes from 2011 Excess rental allowance. How to file taxes from 2011   You must include in gross income the amount of any rental allowance that is more than the smallest of: Your reasonable salary, The fair rental value of the home plus utilities, or The amount actually used to provide a home. How to file taxes from 2011   Include in the total on Form 1040, line 7. How to file taxes from 2011 On the dotted line next to line 7, enter “Excess allowance” and the amount. How to file taxes from 2011 You may deduct the home mortgage interest and real estate taxes paid on your home even though you pay all or part of those expenses with funds you get through a tax-free rental or parsonage allowance. How to file taxes from 2011 However, you can only deduct these expenses as itemized deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). How to file taxes from 2011 Retired ministers. How to file taxes from 2011   If you are a retired minister, you can exclude from your gross income the rental value of a home (plus utilities) furnished to you by your church as a part of your pay for past services, or the part of your pension that was designated as a rental allowance. How to file taxes from 2011 However, a minister's surviving spouse cannot exclude the rental value unless the rental value is for ministerial services he or she performs or performed. How to file taxes from 2011 Teachers or administrators. How to file taxes from 2011   If you are a minister employed as a teacher or administrator by a church school, college, or university, you are performing ministerial services for purposes of the housing exclusion. How to file taxes from 2011 However, if you perform services as a teacher or administrator on the faculty of a nonchurch college, you cannot exclude from your income a housing allowance or the value of a home that the college provides to you. How to file taxes from 2011    If you live in faculty lodging as an employee of an educational institution or academic health center, all or part of the value of that lodging may be nontaxable under a different rule. How to file taxes from 2011 In Publication 525, see Faculty lodging in the discussion on meals and lodging under Fringe Benefits. How to file taxes from 2011   If you serve as a minister of music or minister of education, or serve in an administrative or other function of your religious organization, but are not authorized to perform substantially all of the religious duties of an ordained minister in your church (even if you are commissioned as a minister of the gospel), the housing exclusion does not apply to you. How to file taxes from 2011 Theological students. How to file taxes from 2011   If you are a theological student serving a required internship as a part-time or assistant pastor, you cannot exclude a parsonage or rental allowance from your income unless you are ordained, commissioned, or licensed as a minister. How to file taxes from 2011 Traveling evangelists. How to file taxes from 2011   You can exclude a designated rental allowance from out-of-town churches if you meet all of the following requirements. How to file taxes from 2011 You are an ordained minister. How to file taxes from 2011 You perform ministerial services at churches located away from your community. How to file taxes from 2011 You actually use the rental allowance to maintain your permanent home. How to file taxes from 2011 Cantors. How to file taxes from 2011   If you have a bona fide commission and your congregation employs you on a full-time basis to perform substantially all the religious functions of the Jewish faith, you can exclude a rental allowance from your gross income. How to file taxes from 2011 Earnings—Members of Religious Orders Your earnings may be exempt from both income tax and SE tax if you are a member of a religious order who: Has taken a vow of poverty, Receives earnings for services performed as an agent of the order and in the exercise of duties required by the order, and Renounces the earnings and gives them to the order. How to file taxes from 2011 See Members of Religious Orders , earlier, under Social Security Coverage. How to file taxes from 2011 Foreign Earned Income Certain income may be exempt from income tax if you work in a foreign country or in a specified U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 possession. How to file taxes from 2011 Publication 54 discusses the foreign earned income exclusion. How to file taxes from 2011 Publication 570, Tax Guide for Individuals With Income From U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 Possessions, covers the rules for taxpayers with income from U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 possessions. How to file taxes from 2011 You can get these free publications from the Internal Revenue Service at IRS. How to file taxes from 2011 gov or from most U. How to file taxes from 2011 S. How to file taxes from 2011 Embassies or consulates. How to file taxes from 2011 Expense Items The tax treatment of ministerial trade or business expenses, expenses allocable to tax-free income, and health insurance costs is discussed here. How to file taxes from 2011 Ministerial Trade or Business Expenses as an Employee When you figure your income tax, you must itemize your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040) to claim allowable deductions for ministerial trade or business expenses incurred while working as an employee. How to file taxes from 2011 You also may have to file Form 2106, Employee Business Expenses (or Form 2106-EZ, Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses). How to file taxes from 2011 You claim these expenses as miscellaneous itemized deductions that are subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income (AGI) limit. How to file taxes from 2011 See Publication 529 for more information on this limit. How to file taxes from 2011 However, you cannot deduct any of your employee business expenses that are allocable to tax-free income (discussed next). How to file taxes from 2011 Expenses Allocable to Tax-Free Income If you receive a rental or parsonage allowance that is exempt from income tax (tax free), you must allocate a portion of the expenses of operating your ministry to that tax-free income. How to file taxes from 2011 You cannot deduct the portion of your expenses that you allocate to your tax-free rental or parsonage allowance. How to file taxes from 2011 Exception. How to file taxes from 2011   This rule does not apply to your deductions for home mortgage interest or real estate taxes on your home. How to file taxes from 2011 Figuring the allocation. How to file taxes from 2011   Figure the portion of your otherwise deductible expenses that you cannot deduct (because you must allocate that portion to tax-free income) by multiplying the expenses by the following fraction:      Tax-free rental or parsonage allowance     All income (taxable and tax free) earned from your ministry           When figuring the allocation, include the income and expenses related to the ministerial duties you perform both as an employee and as a self-employed person. How to file taxes from 2011    Reduce your otherwise deductible expenses only in figuring your income tax, not your SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 Example. How to file taxes from 2011 Rev. How to file taxes from 2011 Charles Ashford received $40,000 in earnings for ministerial services consisting of a $28,000 salary for ministerial services performed as an employee, $2,000 for weddings and baptisms performed as a self-employed person, and a $10,000 tax-free parsonage allowance. How to file taxes from 2011 He incurred $4,000 of unreimbursed expenses connected with his earnings for ministerial services. How to file taxes from 2011 $3,500 of the $4,000 is for employee expenses related to his ministerial salary, and $500 is related to the weddings and baptisms he performed as a self-employed person. How to file taxes from 2011 Rev. How to file taxes from 2011 Ashford figures the nondeductible (tax-free) portion of expenses related to his ministerial salary as follows: ($10,000 ÷ $40,000) x $3,500 = $875   Rev. How to file taxes from 2011 Ashford figures the nondeductible (tax-free) portion of expenses related to his wedding and baptism income as follows: ($10,000 ÷ $40,000) x $500 = $125 Required statement. How to file taxes from 2011   If you receive a tax-free rental or parsonage allowance and have ministerial expenses, attach a statement to your tax return. How to file taxes from 2011 The statement must contain all of the following information. How to file taxes from 2011 A list of each item of taxable ministerial income by source (such as wages, salary, weddings, baptisms, etc. How to file taxes from 2011 ) plus the amount. How to file taxes from 2011 A list of each item of tax-free ministerial income by source (parsonage allowance) plus the amount. How to file taxes from 2011 A list of each item of otherwise deductible ministerial expenses plus the amount. How to file taxes from 2011 How you figured the nondeductible part of your otherwise deductible expenses. How to file taxes from 2011 A statement that the other deductions claimed on your tax return are not allocable to your tax-free income. How to file taxes from 2011   See the attachments prepared for the Comprehensive Example , later. How to file taxes from 2011 Following the example, you will find blank worksheets for your own use. How to file taxes from 2011 Health Insurance Costs of Self-Employed Ministers If you are self-employed, you may be able to deduct the amount you paid in 2013 for medical and dental insurance and qualified long-term care insurance for you, your spouse, and your dependents. How to file taxes from 2011 If you qualify, you can take this deduction as an adjustment to income on Form 1040, line 29. How to file taxes from 2011 See the Instructions for Form 1040 to figure your deduction. How to file taxes from 2011 The following special rules apply to the self-employed health insurance deduction. How to file taxes from 2011 You cannot take a medical expense deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040) for any expenses you claim for purposes of the self-employed health insurance deduction. How to file taxes from 2011 You cannot take the deduction for any month you are eligible to participate in a subsidized plan of your (or your spouse's) employer. How to file taxes from 2011 The deduction cannot exceed your net earnings from the business under which the insurance plan is established. How to file taxes from 2011 Your net earnings under this rule do not include the income you earned as a common-law employee (discussed earlier) of a church. How to file taxes from 2011 More information. How to file taxes from 2011   For more information about the self-employed health insurance deduction, see chapter 6 in Publication 535. How to file taxes from 2011 Deduction for SE Tax You can deduct one-half of your SE tax in figuring adjusted gross income. How to file taxes from 2011 This is an income tax deduction only, on Form 1040, line 27. How to file taxes from 2011 Do not claim this deduction in figuring net earnings from self-employment subject to SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011 Income Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax The federal income tax is a pay-as-you-go tax. How to file taxes from 2011 You must pay the tax as you earn or receive income during the year. How to file taxes from 2011 An employee usually has income tax withheld from his or her wages or salary. How to file taxes from 2011 However, your salary is not subject to federal income tax withholding if both of the following conditions apply. How to file taxes from 2011 You are a duly ordained, commissioned, or licensed minister, a member of a religious order (who has not taken a vow of poverty), or a Christian Science practitioner or reader. How to file taxes from 2011 Your salary is for ministerial services (see Ministerial Services , earlier). How to file taxes from 2011 If your salary is not subject to withholding, or if you do not pay enough tax through withholding, you may need to make estimated tax payments to avoid penalties for not paying enough tax as you earn your income. How to file taxes from 2011 You generally must make estimated tax payments if you expect to owe taxes, including SE tax, of $1,000 or more, when you file your return. How to file taxes from 2011 Determine your estimated tax by using the worksheets in Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. How to file taxes from 2011 Pay the entire estimated tax for 2014 or the first installment by April 15, 2014. How to file taxes from 2011 See Form 1040-ES for the different payment methods. How to file taxes from 2011 The April 15 date applies whether or not your tax home and your abode are outside the United States and Puerto Rico. How to file taxes from 2011 For more information, see chapter 2 of Publication 505. How to file taxes from 2011 If you perform your services as a common-law employee of the church and your salary is not subject to income tax withholding, you can enter into a voluntary withholding agreement with the church to cover any income and SE tax that may be due. How to file taxes from 2011 Filing Your Return You must file an income tax return for 2013 if your gross income was at least the amount shown in the third column of Table 4 above. How to file taxes from 2011 Table 4. How to file taxes from 2011 2013 Filing Requirements for Most Taxpayers IF your filing status is . How to file taxes from 2011 . How to file taxes from 2011 . How to file taxes from 2011 AND at the end of 2013 you were* . How to file taxes from 2011 . How to file taxes from 2011 . How to file taxes from 2011 THEN file a return if your gross income** was at least . How to file taxes from 2011 . How to file taxes from 2011 . How to file taxes from 2011 single under age 65 65 or older   $10,000 $11,500   married filing jointly*** under 65 (both spouses) 65 or older (one spouse) 65 or older (both spouses)   $20,000  $21,200  $22,400   married filing separately any age   $3,900   head of household under 65 65 or older   $12,850 $14,350   qualifying widow(er) with dependent child under 65 65 or older   $16,100  $17,300   * If you were born on January 1, 1949, you are considered to be age 65 at the end of 2013. How to file taxes from 2011 ** Gross income means all income you received in the form of money, goods, property, and services that is not exempt from tax, including any income from sources outside the United States or from the sale of your main home (even if you can exclude part or all of it). How to file taxes from 2011 Do not include any social security benefits unless (a) you are married filing a separate return and you lived with your spouse at any time in 2013, or (b) one-half of your social security benefits plus your other gross income and any tax-exempt interest is more than $25,000 ($32,000 if married filing jointly). How to file taxes from 2011 If (a) or (b) applies, see the instructions for Form 1040, lines 20a and 20b, to figure the taxable part of social security benefits you must include in gross income. How to file taxes from 2011 Gross income includes gains, but not losses, reported on Form 8949 or Schedule D (Form 1040). How to file taxes from 2011 Gross income from a business means, for example, the amount on Schedule C (Form 1040), line 7, or Schedule F (Form 1040), line 9. How to file taxes from 2011 But, in figuring gross income, do not reduce your income by any losses, including any loss on Schedule C (Form 1040), line 7, or Schedule F (Form 1040), line 9. How to file taxes from 2011 *** If you did not live with your spouse at the end of 2013 (or on the date your spouse died) and your gross income was at least $3,900, you must file a return regardless of your age. How to file taxes from 2011 Additional requirements. How to file taxes from 2011   Even if your income was less than the amount shown in Table 4, you must file an income tax return on Form 1040, and attach a completed Schedule SE (Form 1040), if:    You are not exempt from SE tax, and you have net earnings from self-employment (discussed earlier under Self-Employment Tax: Figuring Net Earnings ) of $400 or more in the tax year, You are exempt from SE tax on earnings from ministerial services and you have $400 or more of other net earnings subject to SE tax, or You had wages of $108. How to file taxes from 2011 28 or more from an electing church or church-controlled organization (see Coverage of Religious Workers (Church Employees) , earlier, under Social Security Coverage). How to file taxes from 2011 Self-employment tax. How to file taxes from 2011   If you are liable for SE tax, you must file Schedule SE (Form 1040) with your return. How to file taxes from 2011   If you filed Form 4361 and did not receive approval from the IRS, you must pay SE tax on your ministerial earnings, as explained earlier. How to file taxes from 2011 You should report ministerial earnings and expenses from nonemployee ministerial services on Schedule C or C-EZ (Form 1040). How to file taxes from 2011 You should then carry the net amount over to line 2 of Schedule SE (Form 1040), Section A or B. How to file taxes from 2011 However, if you were a duly ordained minister who was an employee of a church and you must pay SE tax on the wages you earned for those services, do not report those wages on Schedule C or C-EZ (Form 1040). How to file taxes from 2011 Instead, report those wages less any allowable expenses (including any unreimbursed employee business expenses), on line 2 of Schedule SE (Form 1040), Section A or B, and attach an explanation. How to file taxes from 2011 Note. How to file taxes from 2011 For income tax purposes, the unreimbursed employee business expenses that you incurred as an employee of the church and subtracted from your wages on line 2 of Schedule SE (Form 1040) are allowed only as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040) if they exceed 2% of your adjusted gross income. How to file taxes from 2011 You cannot deduct these expenses on Schedule C or C-EZ (Form 1040) as a trade or business expense. How to file taxes from 2011 Exemption from SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011   If you filed Form 4361 and received IRS approval not to be taxed on your ministerial earnings, and you do not have any other income subject to SE tax, do not file Schedule SE (Form 1040). How to file taxes from 2011 Instead, enter “Exempt—Form 4361” on the dotted line next to Form 1040, line 56. How to file taxes from 2011 However, if you had net earnings from another trade or business of $400 or more subject to SE tax, see line A at the top of Schedule SE (Form 1040), Section B. How to file taxes from 2011    If you filed Form 4029 and received IRS approval not to be taxed on those earnings, and you do not have any other income subject to SE tax, do not file Schedule SE (Form 1040). How to file taxes from 2011 Instead, enter “Exempt—Form 4029” on the dotted line next to Form 1040, line 56. How to file taxes from 2011 More information. How to file taxes from 2011   For more information on filing your return, including when and where to file it, see the Instructions for Form 1040. How to file taxes from 2011 Retirement Savings Arrangements Retirement savings arrangements are plans that offer you a tax-favored way to save for your retirement. How to file taxes from 2011 You generally can deduct your contributions to the plan. How to file taxes from 2011 Your contributions and the earnings on them are not taxed until they are distributed. How to file taxes from 2011 Retirement plans for the self-employed. How to file taxes from 2011   To set up one of the following plans you must be self-employed. How to file taxes from 2011 SEP (simplified employee pension) plan. How to file taxes from 2011 SIMPLE (savings incentive match plan for employees) plan. How to file taxes from 2011 Qualified retirement plan (also called a Keogh or H. How to file taxes from 2011 R. How to file taxes from 2011 10 plan). How to file taxes from 2011   The common-law rules determine whether you are an employee or a self-employed person for purposes of setting up a retirement plan. How to file taxes from 2011 See Employment status for other tax purposes under Coverage of Members of the Clergy, earlier. How to file taxes from 2011 This result is true even if your compensation for ministerial services (defined earlier) is subject to SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011   For example, if a congregation pays you a salary for performing ministerial services and you are subject to the congregation's control, you generally are a common-law employee. How to file taxes from 2011 You are not a self-employed person for purposes of setting up a retirement plan. How to file taxes from 2011 This result is true even if your salary is subject to SE tax. How to file taxes from 2011   On the other hand, amounts received directly from members of the congregation, such as fees for performing marriages, baptisms, or other personal services that you report on Schedule C or C-EZ (Form 1040), are earnings from self-employment for all tax purposes. How to file taxes from 2011   For more information on establishing a SEP, SIMPLE, or qualified retirement plan, see Publication 560, Retirement Plans for Small Business (SEP, SIMPLE, and Qualified Plans). How to file taxes from 2011 Individual retirement arrangements (IRAs). How to file taxes from 2011   The traditional IRA and the Roth IRA are two individual retirement arrangements you can use to save money for your retirement. How to file taxes from 2011 Generally, your maximum contribution for 2013 to either of these plans (or to a combination of the two) is the smaller of your taxable compensation or $5,500 ($6,500 if you are age 50 or older). How to file taxes from 2011   However, your maximum contribution to a Roth IRA will be further reduced or eliminated if your adjusted gross income is above a certain amount. How to file taxes from 2011 You cannot deduct Roth IRA contributions, but if you satisfy certain requirements, all earnings in the Roth IRA are tax free and neither your nondeductible contributions nor any earnings on them are taxable when distributed. How to file taxes from 2011   If you contribute to a traditional IRA, your contribution may be deductible. How to file taxes from 2011 However, your deduction may be reduced or eliminated if you or your spouse is covered by an employer retirement plan (including, but not limited to, a SEP, SIMPLE, or qualified retirement plan). How to file taxes from 2011   For more information on IRAs, see Publication 590. How to file taxes from 2011 Tax-sheltered annuity plans. How to file taxes from 2011   Church employees, members of religious orders, and duly ordained, commissioned, or licensed ministers working as ministers or chaplains can participate in tax-sheltered annuity (403(b)) plans. How to file taxes from 2011 For more