File your Taxes for Free!
  • Get your maximum refund*
  • 100% accurate calculations guaranteed*

TurboTax Federal Free Edition - File Taxes Online

Don't let filing your taxes get you down! We'll help make it as easy as possible. With e-file and direct deposit, there's no faster way to get your refund!

Approved TurboTax Affiliate Site. TurboTax and TurboTax Online, among others, are registered trademarks and/or service marks of Intuit Inc. in the United States and other countries. Other parties' trademarks or service marks are the property of the respective owners.


© 2012 - 2018 All rights reserved.

This is an Approved TurboTax Affiliate site. TurboTax and TurboTax Online, among other are registered trademarks and/or service marks of Intuit, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Other parties' trademarks or service marks are the property of the respective owners.
When discussing "Free e-file", note that state e-file is an additional fee. E-file fees do not apply to New York state returns. Prices are subject to change without notice. E-file and get your refund faster
*If you pay an IRS or state penalty or interest because of a TurboTax calculations error, we'll pay you the penalty and interest.
*Maximum Refund Guarantee - or Your Money Back: If you get a larger refund or smaller tax due from another tax preparation method, we'll refund the applicable TurboTax federal and/or state purchase price paid. TurboTax Federal Free Edition customers are entitled to payment of $14.99 and a refund of your state purchase price paid. Claims must be submitted within sixty (60) days of your TurboTax filing date and no later than 6/15/14. E-file, Audit Defense, Professional Review, Refund Transfer and technical support fees are excluded. This guarantee cannot be combined with the TurboTax Satisfaction (Easy) Guarantee. *We're so confident your return will be done right, we guarantee it. Accurate calculations guaranteed. If you pay an IRS or state penalty or interest because of a TurboTax calculations error, we'll pay you the penalty and interest.
https://turbotax.intuit.com/corp/guarantees.jsp

H And R Block Free File

Can I File My 2012 TaxesWww Irs Gov 1040x InstructionsHow To File My 2012 Tax ReturnH&r Block OnlineWww Myfreetaxes Com Swflorida1040x 2012File Previous Years Tax ReturnsIrs Tax Forms 1040ezPrior Tax1040 Ez Instructions 2014File 2007 Taxes1040nr Form2010 Tax Amendment FormFile Taxes Last Year2011 Tax Forms And Instructions 1040State Tax Forms 2012Federal Income Tax Ez FormFiling A 2012 Tax ReturnH&r Block Federal Free1040nr Tax ReturnCan 1040x Filed Electronically2010 Tax Forms IrsFree 2011 Tax SoftwareHow Much Can I Deduct For Health Insurance On Income Taxes For 2010?2014 State Tax Forms2012 Tax Returns OnlineTurbotax Amended Return 20111040ez 2013 Tax FormTax Amendment FormCan Ie File An Amended Tax ReturnFree 1040x1040 EzWho Can File 1040ez2011 Federal Tax FilingFile 2005 Tax ReturnEfile For 2012Complete 1040x Online1040z2013 1040xAmend A Federal Tax Return

H And R Block Free File

H and r block free file Publication 969 - Main Content Table of Contents Health Savings Accounts (HSAs)Qualifying for an HSA Contributions to an HSA Distributions From an HSA Balance in an HSA Death of HSA Holder Filing Form 8889 Employer Participation Medical Savings Accounts (MSAs)Archer MSAs Contributions to an MSA Distributions From an MSA Balance in an Archer MSA Death of the Archer MSA Holder Filing Form 8853 Employer Participation Medicare Advantage MSAs Flexible Spending Arrangements (FSAs)Qualifying for an FSA Contributions to an FSA Distributions From an FSA Balance in an FSA Employer Participation Health Reimbursement Arrangements (HRAs)Qualifying for an HRA Contributions to an HRA Distributions From an HRA Balance in an HRA Employer Participation How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) A health savings account (HSA) is a tax-exempt trust or custodial account you set up with a qualified HSA trustee to pay or reimburse certain medical expenses you incur. H and r block free file You must be an eligible individual to qualify for an HSA. H and r block free file No permission or authorization from the IRS is necessary to establish an HSA. H and r block free file You set up an HSA with a trustee. H and r block free file A qualified HSA trustee can be a bank, an insurance company, or anyone already approved by the IRS to be a trustee of individual retirement arrangements (IRAs) or Archer MSAs. H and r block free file The HSA can be established through a trustee that is different from your health plan provider. H and r block free file Your employer may already have some information on HSA trustees in your area. H and r block free file If you have an Archer MSA, you can generally roll it over into an HSA tax free. H and r block free file See Rollovers, later. H and r block free file What are the benefits of an HSA?   You may enjoy several benefits from having an HSA. H and r block free file You can claim a tax deduction for contributions you, or someone other than your employer, make to your HSA even if you do not itemize your deductions on Form 1040. H and r block free file Contributions to your HSA made by your employer (including contributions made through a cafeteria plan) may be excluded from your gross income. H and r block free file The contributions remain in your account until you use them. H and r block free file The interest or other earnings on the assets in the account are tax free. H and r block free file Distributions may be tax free if you pay qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file See Qualified medical expenses , later. H and r block free file An HSA is “portable. H and r block free file ” It stays with you if you change employers or leave the work force. H and r block free file Qualifying for an HSA To be an eligible individual and qualify for an HSA, you must meet the following requirements. H and r block free file You must be covered under a high deductible health plan (HDHP), described later, on the first day of the month. H and r block free file You have no other health coverage except what is permitted under Other health coverage , later. H and r block free file You are not enrolled in Medicare. H and r block free file You cannot be claimed as a dependent on someone else's 2013 tax return. H and r block free file Under the last-month rule, you are considered to be an eligible individual for the entire year if you are an eligible individual on the first day of the last month of your tax year (December 1 for most taxpayers). H and r block free file If you meet these requirements, you are an eligible individual even if your spouse has non-HDHP family coverage, provided your spouse's coverage does not cover you. H and r block free file If another taxpayer is entitled to claim an exemption for you, you cannot claim a deduction for an HSA contribution. H and r block free file This is true even if the other person does not actually claim your exemption. H and r block free file Each spouse who is an eligible individual who wants an HSA must open a separate HSA. H and r block free file You cannot have a joint HSA. H and r block free file High deductible health plan (HDHP). H and r block free file   An HDHP has: A higher annual deductible than typical health plans, and A maximum limit on the sum of the annual deductible and out-of-pocket medical expenses that you must pay for covered expenses. H and r block free file Out-of-pocket expenses include copayments and other amounts, but do not include premiums. H and r block free file   An HDHP may provide preventive care benefits without a deductible or with a deductible less than the minimum annual deductible. H and r block free file Preventive care includes, but is not limited to, the following. H and r block free file Periodic health evaluations, including tests and diagnostic procedures ordered in connection with routine examinations, such as annual physicals. H and r block free file Routine prenatal and well-child care. H and r block free file Child and adult immunizations. H and r block free file Tobacco cessation programs. H and r block free file Obesity weight-loss programs. H and r block free file Screening services. H and r block free file This includes screening services for the following: Cancer. H and r block free file Heart and vascular diseases. H and r block free file Infectious diseases. H and r block free file Mental health conditions. H and r block free file Substance abuse. H and r block free file Metabolic, nutritional, and endocrine conditions. H and r block free file Musculoskeletal disorders. H and r block free file Obstetric and gynecological conditions. H and r block free file Pediatric conditions. H and r block free file Vision and hearing disorders. H and r block free file For more information on screening services, see Notice 2004-23, 2004-15 I. H and r block free file R. H and r block free file B. H and r block free file 725 available at www. H and r block free file irs. H and r block free file gov/irb/2004-15_IRB/ar10. H and r block free file html. H and r block free file     The following table shows the minimum annual deductible and maximum annual deductible and other out-of-pocket expenses for HDHPs for 2013. H and r block free file      Self-only coverage Family coverage Minimum annual deductible $1,250 $2,500 Maximum annual deductible and other out-of-pocket expenses* $6,250 $12,500 * This limit does not apply to deductibles and expenses for out-of-network services if the plan uses a network of providers. H and r block free file Instead, only deductibles and out-of-pocket expenses for services within the network should be used to figure whether the limit applies. H and r block free file    The following table shows the minimum annual deductible and maximum annual deductible and other out-of-pocket expenses for HDHPs for 2014. H and r block free file      Self-only coverage Family coverage Minimum annual deductible $1,250 $2,500 Maximum annual deductible and other out-of-pocket expenses* $6,350 $12,700 * This limit does not apply to deductibles and expenses for out-of-network services if the plan uses a network of providers. H and r block free file Instead, only deductibles and out-of-pocket expenses for services within the network should be used to figure whether the limit applies. H and r block free file   Self-only HDHP coverage is an HDHP covering only an eligible individual. H and r block free file Family HDHP coverage is an HDHP covering an eligible individual and at least one other individual (whether or not that individual is an eligible individual). H and r block free file Example. H and r block free file An eligible individual and his dependent child are covered under an “employee plus one” HDHP offered by the individual's employer. H and r block free file This is family HDHP coverage. H and r block free file Family plans that do not meet the high deductible rules. H and r block free file   There are some family plans that have deductibles for both the family as a whole and for individual family members. H and r block free file Under these plans, if you meet the individual deductible for one family member, you do not have to meet the higher annual deductible amount for the family. H and r block free file If either the deductible for the family as a whole or the deductible for an individual family member is less than the minimum annual deductible for family coverage, the plan does not qualify as an HDHP. H and r block free file Example. H and r block free file You have family health insurance coverage in 2013. H and r block free file The annual deductible for the family plan is $3,500. H and r block free file This plan also has an individual deductible of $1,500 for each family member. H and r block free file The plan does not qualify as an HDHP because the deductible for an individual family member is less than the minimum annual deductible ($2,500) for family coverage. H and r block free file Other health coverage. H and r block free file   You (and your spouse, if you have family coverage) generally cannot have any other health coverage that is not an HDHP. H and r block free file However, you can still be an eligible individual even if your spouse has non-HDHP coverage provided you are not covered by that plan. H and r block free file    You can have additional insurance that provides benefits only for the following items. H and r block free file Liabilities incurred under workers' compensation laws, tort liabilities, or liabilities related to ownership or use of property. H and r block free file A specific disease or illness. H and r block free file A fixed amount per day (or other period) of hospitalization. H and r block free file   You can also have coverage (whether provided through insurance or otherwise) for the following items. H and r block free file Accidents. H and r block free file Disability. H and r block free file Dental care. H and r block free file Vision care. H and r block free file Long-term care. H and r block free file    Plans in which substantially all of the coverage is through the items listed earlier are not HDHPs. H and r block free file For example, if your plan provides coverage substantially all of which is for a specific disease or illness, the plan is not an HDHP for purposes of establishing an HSA. H and r block free file Prescription drug plans. H and r block free file   You can have a prescription drug plan, either as part of your HDHP or a separate plan (or rider), and qualify as an eligible individual if the plan does not provide benefits until the minimum annual deductible of the HDHP has been met. H and r block free file If you can receive benefits before that deductible is met, you are not an eligible individual. H and r block free file Other employee health plans. H and r block free file   An employee covered by an HDHP and a health FSA or an HRA that pays or reimburses qualified medical expenses generally cannot make contributions to an HSA. H and r block free file Health FSAs and HRAs are discussed later. H and r block free file   However, an employee can make contributions to an HSA while covered under an HDHP and one or more of the following arrangements. H and r block free file Limited-purpose health FSA or HRA. H and r block free file These arrangements can pay or reimburse the items listed earlier under Other health coverage except long-term care. H and r block free file Also, these arrangements can pay or reimburse preventive care expenses because they can be paid without having to satisfy the deductible. H and r block free file Suspended HRA. H and r block free file Before the beginning of an HRA coverage period, you can elect to suspend the HRA. H and r block free file The HRA does not pay or reimburse, at any time, the medical expenses incurred during the suspension period except preventive care and items listed under Other health coverage. H and r block free file When the suspension period ends, you are no longer eligible to make contributions to an HSA. H and r block free file Post-deductible health FSA or HRA. H and r block free file These arrangements do not pay or reimburse any medical expenses incurred before the minimum annual deductible amount is met. H and r block free file The deductible for these arrangements does not have to be the same as the deductible for the HDHP, but benefits may not be provided before the minimum annual deductible amount is met. H and r block free file Retirement HRA. H and r block free file This arrangement pays or reimburses only those medical expenses incurred after retirement. H and r block free file After retirement you are no longer eligible to make contributions to an HSA. H and r block free file Health FSA – grace period. H and r block free file   Coverage during a grace period by a general purpose health FSA is allowed if the balance in the health FSA at the end of its prior year plan is zero. H and r block free file See Flexible Spending Arrangements (FSAs) , later. H and r block free file Contributions to an HSA Any eligible individual can contribute to an HSA. H and r block free file For an employee's HSA, the employee, the employee's employer, or both may contribute to the employee's HSA in the same year. H and r block free file For an HSA established by a self-employed (or unemployed) individual, the individual can contribute. H and r block free file Family members or any other person may also make contributions on behalf of an eligible individual. H and r block free file Contributions to an HSA must be made in cash. H and r block free file Contributions of stock or property are not allowed. H and r block free file Limit on Contributions The amount you or any other person can contribute to your HSA depends on the type of HDHP coverage you have, your age, the date you become an eligible individual, and the date you cease to be an eligible individual. H and r block free file For 2013, if you have self-only HDHP coverage, you can contribute up to $3,250. H and r block free file If you have family HDHP coverage, you can contribute up to $6,450. H and r block free file For 2014, if you have self-only HDHP coverage, you can contribute up to $3,300. H and r block free file If you have family HDHP coverage you can contribute up to $6,550. H and r block free file If you were, or were considered (under the last-month rule, discussed later), an eligible individual for the entire year and did not change your type of coverage, you can contribute the full amount based on your type of coverage. H and r block free file However, if you were not an eligible individual for the entire year or changed your coverage during the year, your contribution limit is the greater of: The limitation shown on the Line 3 Limitation Chart and Worksheetin the Instructions for Form 8889, Health Savings Accounts (HSAs), or The maximum annual HSA contribution based on your HDHP coverage (self-only or family) on the first day of the last month of your tax year. H and r block free file If you had family HDHP coverage on the first day of the last month of your tax year, your contribution limit for 2013 is $6,450 even if you changed coverage during the year. H and r block free file Last-month rule. H and r block free file   Under the last-month rule, if you are an eligible individual on the first day of the last month of your tax year (December 1 for most taxpayers), you are considered an eligible individual for the entire year. H and r block free file You are treated as having the same HDHP coverage for the entire year as you had on the first day of the last month. H and r block free file Testing period. H and r block free file   If contributions were made to your HSA based on you being an eligible individual for the entire year under the last-month rule, you must remain an eligible individual during the testing period. H and r block free file For the last-month rule, the testing period begins with the last month of your tax year and ends on the last day of the 12th month following that month. H and r block free file For example, December 1, 2013, through December 31, 2014. H and r block free file   If you fail to remain an eligible individual during the testing period, other than because of death or becoming disabled, you will have to include in income the total contributions made to your HSA that would not have been made except for the last-month rule. H and r block free file You include this amount in your income in the year in which you fail to be an eligible individual. H and r block free file This amount is also subject to a 10% additional tax. H and r block free file The income and additional tax are shown on Form 8889, Part III. H and r block free file Example 1. H and r block free file Chris, age 53, becomes an eligible individual on December 1, 2013. H and r block free file He has family HDHP coverage on that date. H and r block free file Under the last-month rule, he contributes $6,450 to his HSA. H and r block free file Chris fails to be an eligible individual in June 2014. H and r block free file Because Chris did not remain an eligible individual during the testing period (December 1, 2013, through December 31, 2014), he must include in his 2014 income the contributions made in 2013 that would not have been made except for the last-month rule. H and r block free file Chris uses the worksheet in the Form 8889 instructions to determine this amount. H and r block free file January -0- February -0- March -0- April -0- May -0- June -0- July -0- August -0- September -0- October -0- November -0- December $6,450. H and r block free file 00 Total for all months $6,450. H and r block free file 00 Limitation. H and r block free file Divide the total by 12 $537. H and r block free file 50 Chris would include $5,912. H and r block free file 50 ($6,450. H and r block free file 00 – $537. H and r block free file 50) in his gross income on his 2014 tax return. H and r block free file Also, a 10% additional tax applies to this amount. H and r block free file Example 2. H and r block free file Erika, age 39, has self-only HDHP coverage on January 1, 2013. H and r block free file Erika changes to family HDHP coverage on November 1, 2013. H and r block free file Because Erika has family HDHP coverage on December 1, 2013, she contributes $6,450 for 2013. H and r block free file Erika fails to be an eligible individual in March 2014. H and r block free file Because she did not remain an eligible individual during the testing period (December 1, 2013, through December 31, 2014), she must include in income the contribution made that would not have been made except for the last-month rule. H and r block free file Erika uses the worksheet in the Form 8889 instructions to determine this amount. H and r block free file January $3,250. H and r block free file 00 February $3,250. H and r block free file 00 March $3,250. H and r block free file 00 April $3,250. H and r block free file 00 May $3,250. H and r block free file 00 June $3,250. H and r block free file 00 July $3,250. H and r block free file 00 August $3,250. H and r block free file 00 September $3,250. H and r block free file 00 October $3,250. H and r block free file 00 November $6,450. H and r block free file 00 December $6,450. H and r block free file 00 Total for all months $45,400. H and r block free file 00 Limitation. H and r block free file Divide the total by 12 $3,783. H and r block free file 34 Erika would include $2,666. H and r block free file 67 ($6,450 – $3,783. H and r block free file 34) in her gross income on her 2014 tax return. H and r block free file Also, a 10% additional tax applies to this amount. H and r block free file Additional contribution. H and r block free file   If you are an eligible individual who is age 55 or older at the end of your tax year, your contribution limit is increased by $1,000. H and r block free file For example, if you have self-only coverage, you can contribute up to $4,250 (the contribution limit for self-only coverage ($3,250) plus the additional contribution of $1,000). H and r block free file However, see Enrolled in Medicare , later. H and r block free file If you have more than one HSA in 2013, your total contributions to all the HSAs cannot be more than the limits discussed earlier. H and r block free file Reduction of contribution limit. H and r block free file   You must reduce the amount that can be contributed (including any additional contribution) to your HSA by the amount of any contribution made to your Archer MSA (including employer contributions) for the year. H and r block free file A special rule applies to married people, discussed next, if each spouse has family coverage under an HDHP. H and r block free file Rules for married people. H and r block free file   If either spouse has family HDHP coverage, both spouses are treated as having family HDHP coverage. H and r block free file If each spouse has family coverage under a separate plan, the contribution limit for 2013 is $6,450. H and r block free file You must reduce the limit on contributions, before taking into account any additional contributions, by the amount contributed to both spouses' Archer MSAs. H and r block free file After that reduction, the contribution limit is split equally between the spouses unless you agree on a different division. H and r block free file The rules for married people apply only if both spouses are eligible individuals. H and r block free file If both spouses are 55 or older and not enrolled in Medicare, each spouse's contribution limit is increased by the additional contribution. H and r block free file If both spouses meet the age requirement, the total contributions under family coverage cannot be more than $8,450. H and r block free file Each spouse must make the additional contribution to his or her own HSA. H and r block free file Example. H and r block free file For 2013, Mr. H and r block free file Auburn and his wife are both eligible individuals. H and r block free file They each have family coverage under separate HDHPs. H and r block free file Mr. H and r block free file Auburn is 58 years old and Mrs. H and r block free file Auburn is 53. H and r block free file Mr. H and r block free file and Mrs. H and r block free file Auburn can split the family contribution limit ($6,450) equally or they can agree on a different division. H and r block free file If they split it equally, Mr. H and r block free file Auburn can contribute $4,225 to an HSA (one-half the maximum contribution for family coverage ($3,225) + $1,000 additional contribution) and Mrs. H and r block free file Auburn can contribute $3,225 to an HSA. H and r block free file Employer contributions. H and r block free file   You must reduce the amount you, or any other person, can contribute to your HSA by the amount of any contributions made by your employer that are excludable from your income. H and r block free file This includes amounts contributed to your account by your employer through a cafeteria plan. H and r block free file Enrolled in Medicare. H and r block free file   Beginning with the first month you are enrolled in Medicare, your contribution limit is zero. H and r block free file Example. H and r block free file You turned age 65 in July 2013 and enrolled in Medicare. H and r block free file You had an HDHP with self-only coverage and are eligible for an additional contribution of $1,000. H and r block free file Your contribution limit is $2,125 ($4,250 × 6 ÷ 12). H and r block free file Qualified HSA funding distribution. H and r block free file   A qualified HSA funding distribution may be made from your traditional IRA or Roth IRA to your HSA. H and r block free file This distribution cannot be made from an ongoing SEP IRA or SIMPLE IRA. H and r block free file For this purpose, a SEP IRA or SIMPLE IRA is ongoing if an employer contribution is made for the plan year ending with or within your tax year in which the distribution would be made. H and r block free file   The maximum qualified HSA funding distribution depends on the HDHP coverage (self-only or family) you have on the first day of the month in which the contribution is made and your age as of the end of the tax year. H and r block free file The distribution must be made directly by the trustee of the IRA to the trustee of the HSA. H and r block free file The distribution is not included in your income, is not deductible, and reduces the amount that can be contributed to your HSA. H and r block free file The qualified HSA funding distribution is shown on Form 8889 for the year in which the distribution is made. H and r block free file   You can make only one qualified HSA funding distribution during your lifetime. H and r block free file However, if you make a distribution during a month when you have self-only HDHP coverage, you can make another qualified HSA funding distribution in a later month in that tax year if you change to family HDHP coverage. H and r block free file The total qualified HSA funding distribution cannot be more than the contribution limit for family HDHP coverage plus any additional contribution to which you are entitled. H and r block free file Example. H and r block free file In 2013, you are an eligible individual, age 57, with self-only HDHP coverage. H and r block free file You can make a qualified HSA funding distribution of $4,250 ($3,250 plus $1,000 additional contribution). H and r block free file Funding distribution – testing period. H and r block free file   You must remain an eligible individual during the testing period. H and r block free file For a qualified HSA funding distribution, the testing period begins with the month in which the qualified HSA funding distribution is contributed and ends on the last day of the 12th month following that month. H and r block free file For example, if a qualified HSA funding distribution is contributed to your HSA on August 10, 2013, your testing period begins in August 2013, and ends on August 31, 2014. H and r block free file   If you fail to remain an eligible individual during the testing period, other than because of death or becoming disabled, you will have to include in income the qualified HSA funding distribution. H and r block free file You include this amount in income in the year in which you fail to be an eligible individual. H and r block free file This amount is also subject to a 10% additional tax. H and r block free file The income and the additional tax are shown on Form 8889, Part III. H and r block free file   Each qualified HSA funding distribution allowed has its own testing period. H and r block free file For example, you are an eligible individual, age 45, with self-only HDHP coverage. H and r block free file On June 18, 2013, you make a qualified HSA funding distribution of $3,250. H and r block free file On July 27, 2013, you enroll in family HDHP coverage and on August 17, 2013, you make a qualified HSA funding distribution of $3,200. H and r block free file Your testing period for the first distribution begins in June 2013 and ends on June 30, 2014. H and r block free file Your testing period for the second distribution begins in August 2013 and ends on August 31, 2014. H and r block free file   The testing period rule that applies under the last-month rule (discussed earlier) does not apply to amounts contributed to an HSA through a qualified HSA funding distribution. H and r block free file If you remain an eligible individual during the entire funding distribution testing period, then no amount of that distribution is included in income and will not be subject to the additional tax for failing to meet the last-month rule testing period. H and r block free file Rollovers A rollover contribution is not included in your income, is not deductible, and does not reduce your contribution limit. H and r block free file Archer MSAs and other HSAs. H and r block free file   You can roll over amounts from Archer MSAs and other HSAs into an HSA. H and r block free file You do not have to be an eligible individual to make a rollover contribution from your existing HSA to a new HSA. H and r block free file Rollover contributions do not need to be in cash. H and r block free file Rollovers are not subject to the annual contribution limits. H and r block free file   You must roll over the amount within 60 days after the date of receipt. H and r block free file You can make only one rollover contribution to an HSA during a 1-year period. H and r block free file Note. H and r block free file If you instruct the trustee of your HSA to transfer funds directly to the trustee of another of your HSAs, the transfer is not considered a rollover. H and r block free file There is no limit on the number of these transfers. H and r block free file Do not include the amount transferred in income, deduct it as a contribution, or include it as a distribution on Form 8889. H and r block free file When To Contribute You can make contributions to your HSA for 2013 until April 15, 2014. H and r block free file If you fail to be an eligible individual during 2013, you can still make contributions, up until April 15, 2014, for the months you were an eligible individual. H and r block free file Your employer can make contributions to your HSA between January 1, 2014, and April 15, 2014, that are allocated to 2013. H and r block free file Your employer must notify you and the trustee of your HSA that the contribution is for 2013. H and r block free file The contribution will be reported on your 2014 Form W-2. H and r block free file Reporting Contributions on Your Return Contributions made by your employer are not included in your income. H and r block free file Contributions to an employee's account by an employer using the amount of an employee's salary reduction through a cafeteria plan are treated as employer contributions. H and r block free file Generally, you can claim contributions you made and contributions made by any other person, other than your employer, on your behalf, as an adjustment to income. H and r block free file Contributions by a partnership to a bona fide partner's HSA are not contributions by an employer. H and r block free file The contributions are treated as a distribution of money and are not included in the partner's gross income. H and r block free file Contributions by a partnership to a partner's HSA for services rendered are treated as guaranteed payments that are deductible by the partnership and includible in the partner's gross income. H and r block free file In both situations, the partner can deduct the contribution made to the partner's HSA. H and r block free file Contributions by an S corporation to a 2% shareholder-employee's HSA for services rendered are treated as guaranteed payments and are deductible by the S corporation and includible in the shareholder-employee's gross income. H and r block free file The shareholder-employee can deduct the contribution made to the shareholder-employee's HSA. H and r block free file Form 8889. H and r block free file   Report all contributions to your HSA on Form 8889 and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. H and r block free file You should include all contributions made for 2013, including those made by April 15, 2014, that are designated for 2013. H and r block free file Contributions made by your employer and qualified HSA funding distributions are also shown on the form. H and r block free file   You should receive Form 5498-SA, HSA, Archer MSA, or Medicare Advantage MSA Information, from the trustee showing the amount contributed to your HSA during the year. H and r block free file Your employer's contributions also will be shown in box 12 of Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, with code W. H and r block free file Follow the instructions for Form 8889. H and r block free file Report your HSA deduction on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. H and r block free file Excess contributions. H and r block free file   You will have excess contributions if the contributions to your HSA for the year are greater than the limits discussed earlier. H and r block free file Excess contributions are not deductible. H and r block free file Excess contributions made by your employer are included in your gross income. H and r block free file If the excess contribution is not included in box 1 of Form W-2, you must report the excess as “Other income” on your tax return. H and r block free file   Generally, you must pay a 6% excise tax on excess contributions. H and r block free file See Form 5329, Additional Taxes on Qualified Plans (including IRAs) and Other Tax-Favored Accounts, to figure the excise tax. H and r block free file The excise tax applies to each tax year the excess contribution remains in the account. H and r block free file   You may withdraw some or all of the excess contributions and not pay the excise tax on the amount withdrawn if you meet the following conditions. H and r block free file You withdraw the excess contributions by the due date, including extensions, of your tax return for the year the contributions were made. H and r block free file You withdraw any income earned on the withdrawn contributions and include the earnings in “Other income” on your tax return for the year you withdraw the contributions and earnings. H and r block free file If you fail to remain an eligible individual during any of the testing periods, discussed earlier, the amount you have to include in income is not an excess contribution. H and r block free file If you withdraw any of those amounts, the amount is treated the same as any other distribution from an HSA, discussed later. H and r block free file Deducting an excess contribution in a later year. H and r block free file   You may be able to deduct excess contributions for previous years that are still in your HSA. H and r block free file The excess contribution you can deduct for the current year is the lesser of the following two amounts. H and r block free file Your maximum HSA contribution limit for the year minus any amounts contributed to your HSA for the year. H and r block free file The total excess contributions in your HSA at the beginning of the year. H and r block free file   Amounts contributed for the year include contributions by you, your employer, and any other person. H and r block free file They also include any qualified HSA funding distribution made to your HSA. H and r block free file Any excess contribution remaining at the end of a tax year is subject to the excise tax. H and r block free file See Form 5329. H and r block free file Distributions From an HSA You will generally pay medical expenses during the year without being reimbursed by your HDHP until you reach the annual deductible for the plan. H and r block free file When you pay medical expenses during the year that are not reimbursed by your HDHP, you can ask the trustee of your HSA to send you a distribution from your HSA. H and r block free file You can receive tax-free distributions from your HSA to pay or be reimbursed for qualified medical expenses you incur after you establish the HSA. H and r block free file If you receive distributions for other reasons, the amount you withdraw will be subject to income tax and may be subject to an additional 20% tax. H and r block free file You do not have to make distributions from your HSA each year. H and r block free file If you are no longer an eligible individual, you can still receive tax-free distributions to pay or reimburse your qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file Generally, a distribution is money you get from your health savings account. H and r block free file Your total distributions include amounts paid with a debit card that restricts payments to health care and amounts withdrawn from the HSA by other individuals that you have designated. H and r block free file The trustee will report any distribution to you and the IRS on Form 1099-SA, Distributions From an HSA, Archer MSA, or Medicare Advantage MSA. H and r block free file Qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file   Qualified medical expenses are those expenses that would generally qualify for the medical and dental expenses deduction. H and r block free file These are explained in Publication 502, Medical and Dental Expenses. H and r block free file   Also, non-prescription medicines (other than insulin) are not considered qualified medical expenses for HSA purposes. H and r block free file A medicine or drug will be a qualified medical expense for HSA purposes only if the medicine or drug: Requires a prescription, Is available without a prescription (an over-the-counter medicine or drug) and you get a prescription for it, or Is insulin. H and r block free file   For HSA purposes, expenses incurred before you establish your HSA are not qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file State law determines when an HSA is established. H and r block free file An HSA that is funded by amounts rolled over from an Archer MSA or another HSA is established on the date the prior account was established. H and r block free file   If, under the last-month rule, you are considered to be an eligible individual for the entire year for determining the contribution amount, only those expenses incurred after you actually establish your HSA are qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file   Qualified medical expenses are those incurred by the following persons. H and r block free file You and your spouse. H and r block free file All dependents you claim on your tax return. H and r block free file Any person you could have claimed as a dependent on your return except that: The person filed a joint return, The person had gross income of $3,900 or more, or You, or your spouse if filing jointly, could be claimed as a dependent on someone else's 2013 return. H and r block free file    For this purpose, a child of parents that are divorced, separated, or living apart for the last 6 months of the calendar year is treated as the dependent of both parents whether or not the custodial parent releases the claim to the child's exemption. H and r block free file You cannot deduct qualified medical expenses as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040) that are equal to the tax-free distribution from your HSA. H and r block free file Insurance premiums. H and r block free file   You cannot treat insurance premiums as qualified medical expenses unless the premiums are for: Long-term care insurance. H and r block free file Health care continuation coverage (such as coverage under COBRA). H and r block free file Health care coverage while receiving unemployment compensation under federal or state law. H and r block free file Medicare and other health care coverage if you were 65 or older (other than premiums for a Medicare supplemental policy, such as Medigap). H and r block free file   The premiums for long-term care insurance (item (1)) that you can treat as qualified medical expenses are subject to limits based on age and are adjusted annually. H and r block free file See Limit on long-term care premiums you can deduct in the instructions for Schedule A (Form 1040). H and r block free file   Items (2) and (3) can be for your spouse or a dependent meeting the requirement for that type of coverage. H and r block free file For item (4), if you, the account beneficiary, are not 65 or older, Medicare premiums for coverage of your spouse or a dependent (who is 65 or older) generally are not qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file Health coverage tax credit. H and r block free file   You cannot claim this credit for premiums that you pay with a tax-free distribution from your HSA. H and r block free file See Publication 502 for more information on this credit. H and r block free file Deemed distributions from HSAs. H and r block free file   The following situations result in deemed taxable distributions from your HSA. H and r block free file You engaged in any transaction prohibited by section 4975 with respect to any of your HSAs, at any time in 2013. H and r block free file Your account ceases to be an HSA as of January 1, 2013, and you must include the fair market value of all assets in the account as of January 1, 2013, on Form 8889. H and r block free file You used any portion of any of your HSAs as security for a loan at any time in 2013. H and r block free file You must include the fair market value of the assets used as security for the loan as income on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. H and r block free file   Examples of prohibited transactions include the direct or indirect: Sale, exchange, or leasing of property between you and the HSA, Lending of money between you and the HSA, Furnishing goods, services, or facilities between you and the HSA, and Transfer to or use by you, or for your benefit, of any assets of the HSA. H and r block free file   Any deemed distribution will not be treated as used to pay qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file These distributions are included in your income and are subject to the additional 20% tax, discussed later. H and r block free file Recordkeeping. H and r block free file You must keep records sufficient to show that: The distributions were exclusively to pay or reimburse qualified medical expenses, The qualified medical expenses had not been previously paid or reimbursed from another source, and The medical expenses had not been taken as an itemized deduction in any year. H and r block free file Do not send these records with your tax return. H and r block free file Keep them with your tax records. H and r block free file Reporting Distributions on Your Return How you report your distributions depends on whether or not you use the distribution for qualified medical expenses (defined earlier). H and r block free file If you use a distribution from your HSA for qualified medical expenses, you do not pay tax on the distribution but you have to report the distribution on Form 8889. H and r block free file However, the distribution of an excess contribution taken out after the due date, including extensions, of your return is subject to tax even if used for qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file Follow the instructions for the form and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. H and r block free file If you do not use a distribution from your HSA for qualified medical expenses, you must pay tax on the distribution. H and r block free file Report the amount on Form 8889 and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. H and r block free file You may have to pay an additional 20% tax on your taxable distribution. H and r block free file HSA administration and maintenance fees withdrawn by the trustee are not reported as distributions from the HSA. H and r block free file Additional tax. H and r block free file   There is an additional 20% tax on the part of your distributions not used for qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file Figure the tax on Form 8889 and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. H and r block free file Exceptions. H and r block free file   There is no additional tax on distributions made after the date you are disabled, reach age 65, or die. H and r block free file Balance in an HSA An HSA is generally exempt from tax. H and r block free file You are permitted to take a distribution from your HSA at any time; however, only those amounts used exclusively to pay for qualified medical expenses are tax free. H and r block free file Amounts that remain at the end of the year are generally carried over to the next year (see Excess contributions , earlier). H and r block free file Earnings on amounts in an HSA are not included in your income while held in the HSA. H and r block free file Death of HSA Holder You should choose a beneficiary when you set up your HSA. H and r block free file What happens to that HSA when you die depends on whom you designate as the beneficiary. H and r block free file Spouse is the designated beneficiary. H and r block free file   If your spouse is the designated beneficiary of your HSA, it will be treated as your spouse's HSA after your death. H and r block free file Spouse is not the designated beneficiary. H and r block free file   If your spouse is not the designated beneficiary of your HSA: The account stops being an HSA, and The fair market value of the HSA becomes taxable to the beneficiary in the year in which you die. H and r block free file If your estate is the beneficiary, the value is included on your final income tax return. H and r block free file The amount taxable to a beneficiary other than the estate is reduced by any qualified medical expenses for the decedent that are paid by the beneficiary within 1 year after the date of death. H and r block free file Filing Form 8889 You must file Form 8889 with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR if you (or your spouse, if married filing a joint return) had any activity in your HSA during the year. H and r block free file You must file the form even if only your employer or your spouse's employer made contributions to the HSA. H and r block free file If, during the tax year, you are the beneficiary of two or more HSAs or you are a beneficiary of an HSA and you have your own HSA, you must complete a separate Form 8889 for each HSA. H and r block free file Enter “statement” at the top of each Form 8889 and complete the form as instructed. H and r block free file Next, complete a controlling Form 8889 combining the amounts shown on each of the statement Forms 8889. H and r block free file Attach the statements to your tax return after the controlling Form 8889. H and r block free file Employer Participation This section contains the rules that employers must follow if they decide to make HSAs available to their employees. H and r block free file Unlike the previous discussions, “you” refers to the employer and not to the employee. H and r block free file Health plan. H and r block free file   If you want your employees to be able to have an HSA, they must have an HDHP. H and r block free file You can provide no additional coverage other than those exceptions listed previously under Other health coverage . H and r block free file Contributions. H and r block free file   You can make contributions to your employees' HSAs. H and r block free file You deduct the contributions on your business income tax return for the year in which you make the contributions. H and r block free file If the contribution is allocated to the prior year, you still deduct it in the year in which you made the contribution. H and r block free file   For more information on employer contributions, see Notice 2008-59, 2008-29 I. H and r block free file R. H and r block free file B. H and r block free file 123, questions 23 through 27, available at www. H and r block free file irs. H and r block free file gov/irb/2008-29_IRB/ar11. H and r block free file html. H and r block free file Comparable contributions. H and r block free file   If you decide to make contributions, you must make comparable contributions to all comparable participating employees' HSAs. H and r block free file Your contributions are comparable if they are either: The same amount, or The same percentage of the annual deductible limit under the HDHP covering the employees. H and r block free file The comparability rules do not apply to contributions made through a cafeteria plan. H and r block free file Comparable participating employees. H and r block free file   Comparable participating employees: Are covered by your HDHP and are eligible to establish an HSA, Have the same category of coverage (either self-only or family coverage), and Have the same category of employment (part-time, full-time, or former employees). H and r block free file   To meet the comparability requirements for eligible employees who have not established an HSA by December 31 or have not notified you that they have an HSA, you must meet a notice requirement and a contribution requirement. H and r block free file   You will meet the notice requirement if by January 15 of the following calendar year you provide a written notice to all such employees. H and r block free file The notice must state that each eligible employee who, by the last day of February, establishes an HSA and notifies you that they have established an HSA will receive a comparable contribution to the HSA for the prior year. H and r block free file For a sample of the notice, see Regulation 54. H and r block free file 4980G-4 A-14(c). H and r block free file You will meet the contribution requirement for these employees if by April 15, 2014, you contribute comparable amounts plus reasonable interest to the employee's HSA for the prior year. H and r block free file Note. H and r block free file For purposes of making contributions to HSAs of non-highly compensated employees, highly compensated employees shall not be treated as comparable participating employees. H and r block free file Excise tax. H and r block free file   If you made contributions to your employees' HSAs that were not comparable, you must pay an excise tax of 35% of the amount you contributed. H and r block free file Employment taxes. H and r block free file   Amounts you contribute to your employees' HSAs are generally not subject to employment taxes. H and r block free file You must report the contributions in box 12 of the Form W-2 you file for each employee. H and r block free file This includes the amounts the employee elected to contribute through a cafeteria plan. H and r block free file Enter code “W” in box 12. H and r block free file Medical Savings Accounts (MSAs) Archer MSAs were created to help self-employed individuals and employees of certain small employers meet the medical care costs of the account holder, the account holder's spouse, or the account holder's dependent(s). H and r block free file After December 31, 2007, you cannot be treated as an eligible individual for Archer MSA purposes unless: You were an active participant for any tax year ending before January 1, 2008, or You became an active participant for a tax year ending after December 31, 2007, by reason of coverage under a high deductible health plan (HDHP) of an Archer MSA participating employer. H and r block free file A Medicare Advantage MSA is an Archer MSA designated by Medicare to be used solely to pay the qualified medical expenses of the account holder who is eligible for Medicare. H and r block free file Archer MSAs An Archer MSA is a tax-exempt trust or custodial account that you set up with a U. H and r block free file S. H and r block free file financial institution (such as a bank or an insurance company) in which you can save money exclusively for future medical expenses. H and r block free file What are the benefits of an Archer MSA?   You may enjoy several benefits from having an Archer MSA. H and r block free file You can claim a tax deduction for contributions you make even if you do not itemize your deductions on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. H and r block free file The interest or other earnings on the assets in your Archer MSA are tax free. H and r block free file Distributions may be tax free if you pay qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file See Qualified medical expenses , later. H and r block free file The contributions remain in your Archer MSA from year to year until you use them. H and r block free file An Archer MSA is “portable” so it stays with you if you change employers or leave the work force. H and r block free file Qualifying for an Archer MSA To qualify for an Archer MSA, you must be either of the following. H and r block free file An employee (or the spouse of an employee) of a small employer (defined later) that maintains a self-only or family HDHP for you (or your spouse). H and r block free file A self-employed person (or the spouse of a self-employed person) who maintains a self-only or family HDHP. H and r block free file You can have no other health or Medicare coverage except what is permitted under Other health coverage , later. H and r block free file You must be an eligible individual on the first day of a given month to get an Archer MSA deduction for that month. H and r block free file If another taxpayer is entitled to claim an exemption for you, you cannot claim a deduction for an Archer MSA contribution. H and r block free file This is true even if the other person does not actually claim your exemption. H and r block free file Small employer. H and r block free file   A small employer is generally an employer who had an average of 50 or fewer employees during either of the last 2 calendar years. H and r block free file The definition of small employer is modified for new employers and growing employers. H and r block free file Growing employer. H and r block free file   A small employer may begin HDHPs and Archer MSAs for his or her employees and then grow beyond 50 employees. H and r block free file The employer will continue to meet the requirement for small employers if he or she: Had 50 or fewer employees when the Archer MSAs began, Made a contribution that was excludable or deductible as an Archer MSA for the last year he or she had 50 or fewer employees, and Had an average of 200 or fewer employees each year after 1996. H and r block free file Changing employers. H and r block free file   If you change employers, your Archer MSA moves with you. H and r block free file However, you may not make additional contributions unless you are otherwise eligible. H and r block free file High deductible health plan (HDHP). H and r block free file   To be eligible for an Archer MSA, you must be covered under an HDHP. H and r block free file An HDHP has: A higher annual deductible than typical health plans, and A maximum limit on the annual out-of-pocket medical expenses that you must pay for covered expenses. H and r block free file Limits. H and r block free file   The following table shows the limits for annual deductibles and the maximum out-of-pocket expenses for HDHPs for 2013. H and r block free file   Self-only coverage Family coverage Minimum annual deductible $2,150 $4,300 Maximum annual deductible $3,200 $6,450 Maximum annual out-of-pocket expenses $4,300 $7,850 Family plans that do not meet the high deductible rules. H and r block free file   There are some family plans that have deductibles for both the family as a whole and for individual family members. H and r block free file Under these plans, if you meet the individual deductible for one family member, you do not have to meet the higher annual deductible amount for the family. H and r block free file If either the deductible for the family as a whole or the deductible for an individual family member is less than the minimum annual deductible for family coverage, the plan does not qualify as an HDHP. H and r block free file Example. H and r block free file You have family health insurance coverage in 2013. H and r block free file The annual deductible for the family plan is $5,500. H and r block free file This plan also has an individual deductible of $2,000 for each family member. H and r block free file The plan does not qualify as an HDHP because the deductible for an individual family member is less than the minimum annual deductible ($4,300) for family coverage. H and r block free file Other health coverage. H and r block free file   You (and your spouse, if you have family coverage) generally cannot have any other health coverage that is not an HDHP. H and r block free file However, you can still be an eligible individual even if your spouse has non-HDHP coverage provided you are not covered by that plan. H and r block free file However, you can have additional insurance that provides benefits only for the following items. H and r block free file Liabilities incurred under workers' compensation laws, torts, or ownership or use of property. H and r block free file A specific disease or illness. H and r block free file A fixed amount per day (or other period) of hospitalization. H and r block free file You can also have coverage (whether provided through insurance or otherwise) for the following items. H and r block free file Accidents. H and r block free file Disability. H and r block free file Dental care. H and r block free file Vision care. H and r block free file Long-term care. H and r block free file Contributions to an MSA Contributions to an Archer MSA must be made in cash. H and r block free file You cannot contribute stock or other property to an Archer MSA. H and r block free file Who can contribute to my Archer MSA?   If you are an employee, your employer may make contributions to your Archer MSA. H and r block free file (You do not pay tax on these contributions. H and r block free file ) If your employer does not make contributions to your Archer MSA, or you are self-employed, you can make your own contributions to your Archer MSA. H and r block free file Both you and your employer cannot make contributions to your Archer MSA in the same year. H and r block free file You do not have to make contributions to your Archer MSA every year. H and r block free file    If your spouse is covered by your HDHP and an excludable amount is contributed by your spouse's employer to an Archer MSA belonging to your spouse, you cannot make contributions to your own Archer MSA that year. H and r block free file Limits There are two limits on the amount you or your employer can contribute to your Archer MSA: The annual deductible limit. H and r block free file An income limit. H and r block free file Annual deductible limit. H and r block free file   You (or your employer) can contribute up to 75% of the annual deductible of your HDHP (65% if you have a self-only plan) to your Archer MSA. H and r block free file You must have the HDHP all year to contribute the full amount. H and r block free file If you do not qualify to contribute the full amount for the year, determine your annual deductible limit by using the worksheet in the Instructions for Form 8853, Archer MSAs and Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts. H and r block free file Example 1. H and r block free file You have an HDHP for your family all year in 2013. H and r block free file The annual deductible is $5,000. H and r block free file You can contribute up to $3,750 ($5,000 × 75%) to your Archer MSA for the year. H and r block free file Example 2. H and r block free file You have an HDHP for your family for the entire months of July through December 2013 (6 months). H and r block free file The annual deductible is $5,000. H and r block free file You can contribute up to $1,875 ($5,000 × 75% ÷ 12 × 6) to your Archer MSA for the year. H and r block free file If you and your spouse each have a family plan, you are treated as having family coverage with the lower annual deductible of the two health plans. H and r block free file The contribution limit is split equally between you unless you agree on a different division. H and r block free file Income limit. H and r block free file   You cannot contribute more than you earned for the year from the employer through whom you have your HDHP. H and r block free file   If you are self-employed, you cannot contribute more than your net self-employment income. H and r block free file This is your income from self-employment minus expenses (including the deductible part of self-employment tax). H and r block free file Example 1. H and r block free file Noah Paul earned $25,000 from ABC Company in 2013. H and r block free file Through ABC, he had an HDHP for his family for the entire year. H and r block free file The annual deductible was $5,000. H and r block free file He can contribute up to $3,750 to his Archer MSA (75% × $5,000). H and r block free file He can contribute the full amount because he earned more than $3,750 at ABC. H and r block free file Example 2. H and r block free file Westley Lawrence is self-employed. H and r block free file He had an HDHP for his family for the entire year in 2013. H and r block free file The annual deductible was $5,000. H and r block free file Based on the annual deductible, the maximum contribution to his Archer MSA would have been $3,750 (75% × $5,000). H and r block free file However, after deducting his business expenses, Joe's net self-employment income is $2,500 for the year. H and r block free file Therefore, he is limited to a contribution of $2,500. H and r block free file Individuals enrolled in Medicare. H and r block free file   Beginning with the first month you are enrolled in Medicare, you cannot contribute to an Archer MSA. H and r block free file However, you may be eligible for a Medicare Advantage MSA, discussed later. H and r block free file When To Contribute You can make contributions to your Archer MSA for 2013 until April 15, 2014. H and r block free file Reporting Contributions on Your Return Report all contributions to your Archer MSA on Form 8853 and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. H and r block free file You should include all contributions you, or your employer, made for 2013, including those made by April 15, 2014, that are designated for 2013. H and r block free file You should receive Form 5498-SA, HSA, Archer MSA, or Medicare Advantage MSA Information, from the trustee showing the amount you (or your employer) contributed during the year. H and r block free file Your employer's contributions should be shown in box 12 of Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, with code R. H and r block free file Follow the instructions for Form 8853 and complete the worksheet in the instructions. H and r block free file Report your Archer MSA deduction on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. H and r block free file Excess contributions. H and r block free file   You will have excess contributions if the contributions to your Archer MSA for the year are greater than the limits discussed earlier. H and r block free file Excess contributions are not deductible. H and r block free file Excess contributions made by your employer are included in your gross income. H and r block free file If the excess contribution is not included in box 1 of Form W-2, you must report the excess as “Other income” on your tax return. H and r block free file   Generally, you must pay a 6% excise tax on excess contributions. H and r block free file See Form 5329, Additional Taxes on Qualified Plans (Including IRAs) and Other Tax-Favored Accounts, to figure the excise tax. H and r block free file The excise tax applies to each tax year the excess contribution remains in the account. H and r block free file   You may withdraw some or all of the excess contributions and not pay the excise tax on the amount withdrawn if you meet the following conditions. H and r block free file You withdraw the excess contributions by the due date, including extensions, of your tax return. H and r block free file You withdraw any income earned on the withdrawn contributions and include the earnings in “Other income” on your tax return for the year you withdraw the contributions and earnings. H and r block free file Deducting an excess contribution in a later year. H and r block free file   You may be able to deduct excess contributions for previous years that are still in your Archer MSA. H and r block free file The excess contribution you can deduct in the current year is the lesser of the following two amounts. H and r block free file Your maximum Archer MSA contribution limit for the year minus any amounts contributed to your Archer MSA for the year. H and r block free file The total excess contributions in your Archer MSA at the beginning of the year. H and r block free file   Any excess contributions remaining at the end of a tax year are subject to the excise tax. H and r block free file See Form 5329. H and r block free file Distributions From an MSA You will generally pay medical expenses during the year without being reimbursed by your HDHP until you reach the annual deductible for the plan. H and r block free file When you pay medical expenses during the year that are not reimbursed by your HDHP, you can ask the trustee of your Archer MSA to send you a distribution from your Archer MSA. H and r block free file You can receive tax-free distributions from your Archer MSA to pay for qualified medical expenses (discussed later). H and r block free file If you receive distributions for other reasons, the amount will be subject to income tax and may be subject to an additional 20% tax as well. H and r block free file You do not have to make withdrawals from your Archer MSA each year. H and r block free file If you no longer qualify to make contributions, you can still receive tax-free distributions to pay or reimburse your qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file A distribution is money you get from your Archer MSA. H and r block free file The trustee will report any distribution to you and the IRS on Form 1099-SA, Distributions From an HSA, Archer MSA, or Medicare Advantage MSA. H and r block free file Qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file   Qualified medical expenses are those expenses that would generally qualify for the medical and dental expenses deduction. H and r block free file These are explained in Publication 502. H and r block free file   Also, non-prescription medicines (other than insulin) are not considered qualified medical expenses for MSA purposes. H and r block free file A medicine or drug will be a qualified medical expense for MSA purposes only if the medicine or drug: Requires a prescription, Is available without a prescription (an over-the-counter medicine or drug) and you get a prescription for it, or Is insulin. H and r block free file   Qualified medical expenses are those incurred by the following persons. H and r block free file You and your spouse. H and r block free file All dependents you claim on your tax return. H and r block free file Any person you could have claimed as a dependent on your return except that: The person filed a joint return, The person had gross income of $3,900 or more, or You, or your spouse if filing jointly, could be claimed as a dependent on someone else's 2013 return. H and r block free file    For this purpose, a child of parents that are divorced, separated, or living apart for the last 6 months of the calendar year is treated as the dependent of both parents whether or not the custodial parent releases the claim to the child's exemption. H and r block free file    You cannot deduct qualified medical expenses as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040) that are equal to the tax-free distribution from your Archer MSA. H and r block free file Special rules for insurance premiums. H and r block free file   Generally, you cannot treat insurance premiums as qualified medical expenses for Archer MSAs. H and r block free file You can, however, treat premiums for long-term care coverage, health care coverage while you receive unemployment benefits, or health care continuation coverage required under any federal law as qualified medical expenses for Archer MSAs. H and r block free file Health coverage tax credit. H and r block free file   You cannot claim this credit for premiums that you pay with a tax-free distribution from your Archer MSA. H and r block free file See Publication 502 for information on this credit. H and r block free file Deemed distributions from Archer MSAs. H and r block free file   The following situations result in deemed taxable distributions from your Archer MSA. H and r block free file You engaged in any transaction prohibited by section 4975 with respect to any of your Archer MSAs at any time in 2013. H and r block free file Your account ceases to be an Archer MSA as of January 1, 2013, and you must include the fair market value of all assets in the account as of January 1, 2013, on Form 8853. H and r block free file You used any portion of any of your Archer MSAs as security for a loan at any time in 2013. H and r block free file You must include the fair market value of the assets used as security for the loan as income on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. H and r block free file   Examples of prohibited transactions include the direct or indirect: Sale, exchange, or leasing of property between you and the Archer MSA, Lending of money between you and the Archer MSA, Furnishing goods, services, or facilities between you and the Archer MSA, and Transfer to or use by you, or for your benefit, of any assets of the Archer MSA. H and r block free file   Any deemed distribution will not be treated as used to pay qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file These distributions are included in your income and are subject to the additional 20% tax, discussed later. H and r block free file Recordkeeping. H and r block free file You must keep records sufficient to show that: The distributions were exclusively to pay or reimburse qualified medical expenses, The qualified medical expenses had not been previously paid or reimbursed from another source, and The medical expenses had not been taken as an itemized deduction in any year. H and r block free file Do not send these records with your tax return. H and r block free file Keep them with your tax records. H and r block free file Reporting Distributions on Your Return How you report your distributions depends on whether or not you use the distribution for qualified medical expenses (defined earlier). H and r block free file If you use a distribution from your Archer MSA for qualified medical expenses, you do not pay tax on the distribution but you have to report the distribution on Form 8853. H and r block free file Follow the instructions for the form and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. H and r block free file If you do not use a distribution from your Archer MSA for qualified medical expenses, you must pay tax on the distribution. H and r block free file Report the amount on Form 8853 and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. H and r block free file You may have to pay an additional 20% tax, discussed later, on your taxable distribution. H and r block free file If an amount (other than a rollover) is contributed to your Archer MSA this year (by you or your employer), you also must report and pay tax on a distribution you receive from your Archer MSA this year that is used to pay medical expenses of someone who is not covered by an HDHP, or is also covered by another health plan that is not an HDHP, at the time the expenses are incurred. H and r block free file Rollovers. H and r block free file   Generally, any distribution from an Archer MSA that you roll over into another Archer MSA or an HSA is not taxable if you complete the rollover within 60 days. H and r block free file An Archer MSA and an HSA can only receive one rollover contribution during a 1-year period. H and r block free file See the Form 8853 instructions for more information. H and r block free file Additional tax. H and r block free file   There is a 20% additional tax on the part of your distributions not used for qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file Figure the tax on Form 8853 and file it with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. H and r block free file Report the additional tax in the total on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. H and r block free file Exceptions. H and r block free file   There is no additional tax on distributions made after the date you are disabled, reach age 65, or die. H and r block free file Balance in an Archer MSA An Archer MSA is generally exempt from tax. H and r block free file You are permitted to take a distribution from your Archer MSA at any time; however, only those amounts used exclusively to pay for qualified medical expenses are tax free. H and r block free file Amounts that remain at the end of the year are generally carried over to the next year (see Excess contributions , earlier). H and r block free file Earnings on amounts in an Archer MSA are not included in your income while held in the Archer MSA. H and r block free file Death of the Archer MSA Holder You should choose a beneficiary when you set up your Archer MSA. H and r block free file What happens to that Archer MSA when you die depends on whom you designate as the beneficiary. H and r block free file Spouse is the designated beneficiary. H and r block free file   If your spouse is the designated beneficiary of your Archer MSA, it will be treated as your spouse's Archer MSA after your death. H and r block free file Spouse is not the designated beneficiary. H and r block free file   If your spouse is not the designated beneficiary of your Archer MSA: The account stops being an Archer MSA, and The fair market value of the Archer MSA becomes taxable to the beneficiary in the year in which you die. H and r block free file   If your estate is the beneficiary, the fair market value of the Archer MSA will be included on your final income tax return. H and r block free file The amount taxable to a beneficiary other than the estate is reduced by any qualified medical expenses for the decedent that are paid by the beneficiary within 1 year after the date of death. H and r block free file Filing Form 8853 You must file Form 8853 with your Form 1040 or Form 1040NR if you (or your spouse, if married filing a joint return) had any activity in your Archer MSA during the year. H and r block free file You must file the form even if only your employer or your spouse's employer made contributions to the Archer MSA. H and r block free file If, during the tax year, you are the beneficiary of two or more Archer MSAs or you are a beneficiary of an Archer MSA and you have your own Archer MSA, you must complete a separate Form 8853 for each MSA. H and r block free file Enter “statement” at the top of each Form 8853 and complete the form as instructed. H and r block free file Next, complete a controlling Form 8853 combining the amounts shown on each of the statement Forms 8853. H and r block free file Attach the statements to your tax return after the controlling Form 8853. H and r block free file Employer Participation This section contains the rules that employers must follow if they decide to make Archer MSAs available to their employees. H and r block free file Unlike the previous discussions, “you” refers to the employer and not to the employee. H and r block free file Health plan. H and r block free file   If you want your employees to be able to have an Archer MSA, you must make an HDHP available to them. H and r block free file You can provide no additional coverage other than those exceptions listed previously under Other health coverage . H and r block free file Contributions. H and r block free file   You can make contributions to your employees' Archer MSAs. H and r block free file You deduct the contributions on the “Employee benefit programs” line of your business income tax return for the year in which you make the contributions. H and r block free file If you are filing Form 1040, Schedule C, this is Part II, line 14. H and r block free file Comparable contributions. H and r block free file   If you decide to make contributions, you must make comparable contributions to all comparable participating employees' Archer MSAs. H and r block free file Your contributions are comparable if they are either: The same amount, or The same percentage of the annual deductible limit under the HDHP covering the employees. H and r block free file Comparable participating employees. H and r block free file   Comparable participating employees: Are covered by your HDHP and are eligible to establish an Archer MSA, Have the same category of coverage (either self-only or family coverage), and Have the same category of employment (either part-time or full-time). H and r block free file Excise tax. H and r block free file   If you made contributions to your employees' Archer MSAs that were not comparable, you must pay an excise tax of 35% of the amount you contributed. H and r block free file Employment taxes. H and r block free file   Amounts you contribute to your employees' Archer MSAs are generally not subject to employment taxes. H and r block free file You must report the contributions in box 12 of the Form W-2 you file for each employee. H and r block free file Enter code “R” in box 12. H and r block free file Medicare Advantage MSAs A Medicare Advantage MSA is an Archer MSA designated by Medicare to be used solely to pay the qualified medical expenses of the account holder. H and r block free file To be eligible for a Medicare Advantage MSA, you must be enrolled in Medicare and have a high deductible health plan (HDHP) that meets the Medicare guidelines. H and r block free file A Medicare Advantage MSA is a tax-exempt trust or custodial savings account that you set up with a financial institution (such as a bank or an insurance company) in which the Medicare program can deposit money for qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file The money in your account is not taxed if it is used for qualified medical expenses, and it may earn interest or dividends. H and r block free file An HDHP is a special health insurance policy that has a high deductible. H and r block free file You choose the policy you want to use as part of your Medicare Advantage MSA plan. H and r block free file However, the policy must be approved by the Medicare program. H and r block free file Medicare Advantage MSAs are administered through the federal Medicare program. H and r block free file You can get information by calling 1-800-Medicare (1-800-633-4227) or through the Internet at www. H and r block free file medicare. H and r block free file gov. H and r block free file Note. H and r block free file You must file Form 8853, Archer MSAs and Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts, with your tax return if you have a Medicare Advantage MSA. H and r block free file Flexible Spending Arrangements (FSAs) A health flexible spending arrangement (FSA) allows employees to be reimbursed for medical expenses. H and r block free file FSAs are usually funded through voluntary salary reduction agreements with your employer. H and r block free file No employment or federal income taxes are deducted from your contribution. H and r block free file The employer may also contribute. H and r block free file Note. H and r block free file Unlike HSAs or Archer MSAs which must be reported on Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, there are no reporting requirements for FSAs on your income tax return. H and r block free file For information on the interaction between a health FSA and an HSA, see Other employee health plans under Qualifying for an HSA, earlier. H and r block free file What are the benefits of an FSA?   You may enjoy several benefits from having an FSA. H and r block free file Contributions made by your employer can be excluded from your gross income. H and r block free file No employment or federal income taxes are deducted from the contributions. H and r block free file Withdrawals may be tax free if you pay qualified medical expenses. H and r block free file See Qualified medical expenses , later. H and r block free file You can withdraw funds from the account to pay qualified medical expenses even if you have not yet placed the funds in the account. H and r block free file Qualifying for an FSA Health FSAs are employer-established benefit plans. H and r block free file These may be offered in conjunction with other employer-provided benefits as part of a cafeteria plan. H and r block free file Employers have complete flexibility to offer various combinations of benefits in designing their plan. H and r block free file You do not have to be covered under any other health care plan to participate. H and r block free file Self-employed persons are not eligible for an FSA. H and r block free file Certain limitations may apply if you are a highly compensated participant or a key employee. H and r block free file Contributions to an FSA You contribute to your FSA by electing an amount to be voluntarily withheld from your pay by your employer. H and r block free file This is sometimes called a salary reduction agreement. H and r block free file The employer may also contribute to your FSA if specified in the plan. H and r block free file You do not pay federal income tax or employment taxes on the salary you contribute or the amounts your employer contributes to the FSA. H and r block free file However, contributions made by your employer to provide coverage for long-term care insurance must be included in income. H and r block free file When To Contribute At the
Español

Business Frequently Asked Questions

Find business frequently asked questions for various agencies, including IRS, Department of State, and U.S. Postal Service, plus many more.

The H And R Block Free File

H and r block free file It is tax season again! Figuring out and filing your tax forms can be intimidating – but there is help. H and r block free file Here you will find answers, forms and more that will make your paperwork easier, faster and less stressful. H and r block free file The information below will help you determine your residency status, find the correct forms you need and give you other information you want to get started. H and r block free file