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Free tax prep 20. Free tax prep   Standard Deduction Table of Contents What's New Introduction Standard Deduction Amount Standard Deduction for Dependents Who Should ItemizeWhen to itemize. Free tax prep Married persons who filed separate returns. Free tax prep What's New Standard deduction increased. Free tax prep  The standard deduction for some taxpayers who do not itemize their deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040) is higher for 2013 than it was for 2012. Free tax prep The amount depends on your filing status. Free tax prep You can use the 2013 Standard Deduction Tables in this chapter to figure your standard deduction. Free tax prep Introduction This chapter discusses the following topics. Free tax prep How to figure the amount of your standard deduction. Free tax prep The standard deduction for dependents. Free tax prep Who should itemize deductions. Free tax prep Most taxpayers have a choice of either taking a standard deduction or itemizing their deductions. Free tax prep If you have a choice, you can use the method that gives you the lower tax. Free tax prep The standard deduction is a dollar amount that reduces your taxable income. Free tax prep It is a benefit that eliminates the need for many taxpayers to itemize actual deductions, such as medical expenses, charitable contributions, and taxes, on Schedule A (Form 1040). Free tax prep The standard deduction is higher for taxpayers who: Are 65 or older, or Are blind. Free tax prep You benefit from the standard deduction if your standard deduction is more than the total of your allowable itemized deductions. Free tax prep Persons not eligible for the standard deduction. Free tax prep   Your standard deduction is zero and you should itemize any deductions you have if: Your filing status is married filing separately, and your spouse itemizes deductions on his or her return, You are filing a tax return for a short tax year because of a change in your annual accounting period, or You are a nonresident or dual-status alien during the year. Free tax prep You are considered a dual-status alien if you were both a nonresident and resident alien during the year. Free tax prep Note. Free tax prep If you are a nonresident alien who is married to a U. Free tax prep S. Free tax prep citizen or resident alien at the end of the year, you can choose to be treated as a U. Free tax prep S. Free tax prep resident. Free tax prep (See Publication 519, U. Free tax prep S. Free tax prep Tax Guide for Aliens. Free tax prep ) If you make this choice, you can take the standard deduction. Free tax prep If an exemption for you can be claimed on another person's return (such as your parents' return), your standard deduction may be limited. Free tax prep See Standard Deduction for Dependents, later. Free tax prep Standard Deduction Amount The standard deduction amount depends on your filing status, whether you are 65 or older or blind, and whether an exemption can be claimed for you by another taxpayer. Free tax prep Generally, the standard deduction amounts are adjusted each year for inflation. Free tax prep The standard deduction amounts for most people are shown in Table 20-1. Free tax prep Decedent's final return. Free tax prep   The standard deduction for a decedent's final tax return is the same as it would have been had the decedent continued to live. Free tax prep However, if the decedent was not 65 or older at the time of death, the higher standard deduction for age cannot be claimed. Free tax prep Higher Standard Deduction for Age (65 or Older) If you are age 65 or older on the last day of the year and do not itemize deductions, you are entitled to a higher standard deduction. Free tax prep You are considered 65 on the day before your 65th birthday. Free tax prep Therefore, you can take a higher standard deduction for 2013 if you were born before January 2, 1949. Free tax prep Use Table 20-2 to figure the standard deduction amount. Free tax prep Higher Standard Deduction for Blindness If you are blind on the last day of the year and you do not itemize deductions, you are entitled to a higher standard deduction. Free tax prep Not totally blind. Free tax prep   If you are not totally blind, you must get a certified statement from an eye doctor (ophthalmologist or optometrist) that: You cannot see better than 20/200 in the better eye with glasses or contact lenses, or Your field of vision is 20 degrees or less. Free tax prep   If your eye condition is not likely to improve beyond these limits, the statement should include this fact. Free tax prep You must keep the statement in your records. Free tax prep   If your vision can be corrected beyond these limits only by contact lenses that you can wear only briefly because of pain, infection, or ulcers, you can take the higher standard deduction for blindness if you otherwise qualify. Free tax prep Spouse 65 or Older or Blind You can take the higher standard deduction if your spouse is age 65 or older or blind and: You file a joint return, or You file a separate return and can claim an exemption for your spouse because your spouse had no gross income and cannot be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. Free tax prep You cannot claim the higher standard deduction for an individual other than yourself and your spouse. Free tax prep Examples The following examples illustrate how to determine your standard deduction using Tables 20-1 and 20-2. Free tax prep Example 1. Free tax prep Larry, 46, and Donna, 33, are filing a joint return for 2013. Free tax prep Neither is blind, and neither can be claimed as a dependent. Free tax prep They decide not to itemize their deductions. Free tax prep They use Table 20-1. Free tax prep Their standard deduction is $12,200. Free tax prep Example 2. Free tax prep The facts are the same as in Example 1 except that Larry is blind at the end of 2013. Free tax prep Larry and Donna use Table 20-2. Free tax prep Their standard deduction is $13,400. Free tax prep Example 3. Free tax prep Bill and Lisa are filing a joint return for 2013. Free tax prep Both are over age 65. Free tax prep Neither is blind, and neither can be claimed as a dependent. Free tax prep If they do not itemize deductions, they use Table 20-2. Free tax prep Their standard deduction is $14,600. Free tax prep Standard Deduction for Dependents The standard deduction for an individual who can be claimed as a dependent on another person's tax return is generally limited to the greater of: $1,000, or The individual's earned income for the year plus $350 (but not more than the regular standard deduction amount, generally $6,100). Free tax prep However, if the individual is 65 or older or blind, the standard deduction may be higher. Free tax prep If you (or your spouse, if filing jointly) can be claimed as a dependent on someone else's return, use Table 20-3 to determine your standard deduction. Free tax prep Earned income defined. Free tax prep   Earned income is salaries, wages, tips, professional fees, and other amounts received as pay for work you actually perform. Free tax prep    For purposes of the standard deduction, earned income also includes any part of a scholarship or fellowship grant that you must include in your gross income. Free tax prep See Scholarships and fellowships in chapter 12 for more information on what qualifies as a scholarship or fellowship grant. Free tax prep Example 1. Free tax prep Michael is single. Free tax prep His parents can claim an exemption for him on their 2013 tax return. Free tax prep He has interest income of $780 and wages of $150. Free tax prep He has no itemized deductions. Free tax prep Michael uses Table 20-3 to find his standard deduction. Free tax prep He enters $150 (his earned income) on line 1, $500 ($150 + $350) on line 3, $1,000 (the larger of $500 and $1,000) on line 5, and $6,100 on line 6. Free tax prep His standard deduction, on line 7a, is $1,000 (the smaller of $1,000 and $6,100). Free tax prep Example 2. Free tax prep Joe, a 22-year-old full-time college student, can be claimed as a dependent on his parents' 2013 tax return. Free tax prep Joe is married and files a separate return. Free tax prep His wife does not itemize deductions on her separate return. Free tax prep Joe has $1,500 in interest income and wages of $3,800. Free tax prep He has no itemized deductions. Free tax prep Joe finds his standard deduction by using Table 20-3. Free tax prep He enters his earned income, $3,800 on line 1. Free tax prep He adds lines 1 and 2 and enters $4,150 on line 3. Free tax prep On line 5, he enters $4,150, the larger of lines 3 and 4. Free tax prep Because Joe is married filing a separate return, he enters $6,100 on line 6. Free tax prep On line 7a he enters $4,150 as his standard deduction because it is smaller than $6,100, the amount on line 6. Free tax prep Example 3. Free tax prep Amy, who is single, can be claimed as a dependent on her parents' 2013 tax return. Free tax prep She is 18 years old and blind. Free tax prep She has interest income of $1,300 and wages of $2,900. Free tax prep She has no itemized deductions. Free tax prep Amy uses Table 20-3 to find her standard deduction. Free tax prep She enters her wages of $2,900 on line 1. Free tax prep She adds lines 1 and 2 and enters $3,250 on line 3. Free tax prep On line 5, she enters $3,250, the larger of lines 3 and 4. Free tax prep Because she is single, Amy enters $6,100 on line 6. Free tax prep She enters $3,250 on line 7a. Free tax prep This is the smaller of the amounts on lines 5 and 6. Free tax prep Because she checked one box in the top part of the worksheet, she enters $1,500 on line 7b. Free tax prep She then adds the amounts on lines 7a and 7b and enters her standard deduction of $4,750 on line 7c. Free tax prep Example 4. Free tax prep Ed is single. Free tax prep His parents can claim an exemption for him on their 2013 tax return. Free tax prep He has wages of $7,000, interest income of $500, and a business loss of $3,000. Free tax prep He has no itemized deductions. Free tax prep Ed uses Table 20-3 to figure his standard deduction. Free tax prep He enters $4,000 ($7,000 - $3,000) on line 1. Free tax prep He adds lines 1 and 2 and enters $4,350 on line 3. Free tax prep On line 5 he enters $4,350, the larger of lines 3 and 4. Free tax prep Because he is single, Ed enters $6,100 on line 6. Free tax prep On line 7a he enters $4,350 as his standard deduction because it is smaller than $6,100, the amount on line 6. Free tax prep Who Should Itemize You should itemize deductions if your total deductions are more than the standard deduction amount. Free tax prep Also, you should itemize if you do not qualify for the standard deduction, as discussed earlier under Persons not eligible for the standard deduction . Free tax prep You should first figure your itemized deductions and compare that amount to your standard deduction to make sure you are using the method that gives you the greater benefit. Free tax prep You may be subject to a limit on some of your itemized deductions if your adjusted gross income is more than: $250,000 if single ($275,000 if head of household, $300,000 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er); or $150,000 if married filing separately). Free tax prep See chapter 29 or the instructions for Schedule A (Form 1040) for more information on figuring the correct amount of your itemized deductions. Free tax prep When to itemize. Free tax prep   You may benefit from itemizing your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040) if you: Do not qualify for the standard deduction, or the amount you can claim is limited, Had large uninsured medical and dental expenses during the year, Paid interest and taxes on your home, Had large unreimbursed employee business expenses or other miscellaneous deductions, Had large uninsured casualty or theft losses, Made large contributions to qualified charities, or Have total itemized deductions that are more than the standard deduction to which you otherwise are entitled. Free tax prep These deductions are explained in chapters 21–28. Free tax prep    If you decide to itemize your deductions, complete Schedule A and attach it to your Form 1040. Free tax prep Enter the amount from Schedule A, line 29, on Form 1040, line 40. Free tax prep Electing to itemize for state tax or other purposes. Free tax prep   Even if your itemized deductions are less than your standard deduction, you can elect to itemize deductions on your federal return rather than take the standard deduction. Free tax prep You may want to do this if, for example, the tax benefit of itemizing your deductions on your state tax return is greater than the tax benefit you lose on your federal return by not taking the standard deduction. Free tax prep To make this election, you must check the box on line 30 of Schedule A. Free tax prep Changing your mind. Free tax prep   If you do not itemize your deductions and later find that you should have itemized — or if you itemize your deductions and later find you should not have — you can change your return by filing Form 1040X, Amended U. Free tax prep S. Free tax prep Individual Income Tax Return. Free tax prep See Amended Returns and Claims for Refund in chapter 1 for more information on amended returns. Free tax prep Married persons who filed separate returns. Free tax prep   You can change methods of taking deductions only if you and your spouse both make the same changes. Free tax prep Both of you must file a consent to assessment for any additional tax either one may owe as a result of the change. Free tax prep    You and your spouse can use the method that gives you the lower total tax, even though one of you may pay more tax than you would have paid by using the other method. Free tax prep You both must use the same method of claiming deductions. Free tax prep If one itemizes deductions, the other should itemize because he or she will not qualify for the standard deduction. Free tax prep See Persons not eligible for the standard deduction , earlier. Free tax prep 2013 Standard Deduction Tables If you are married filing a separate return and your spouse itemizes deductions, or if you are a dual-status alien, you cannot take the standard deduction even if you were born before January 2, 1949, or are blind. Free tax prep Table 20-1. Free tax prep Standard Deduction Chart for Most People* If your filing status is. Free tax prep . Free tax prep . Free tax prep Your standard deduction is: Single or Married filing separately $6,100 Married filing jointly or Qualifying widow(er) with dependent child 12,200 Head of household 8,950 *Do not use this chart if you were born before January 2, 1949, are blind, or if someone else can claim you (or your spouse if filing jointly) as a dependent. Free tax prep Use Table 20-2 or 20-3 instead. Free tax prep Table 20-2. Free tax prep Standard Deduction Chart for People Born Before January 2, 1949, or Who are Blind Check the correct number of boxes below. Free tax prep Then go to the chart. Free tax prep You: Born before January 2, 1949 □ Blind □ Your spouse, if claiming spouse's exemption: Born before January 2, 1949 □ Blind □ Total number of boxes checked   IF  your filing status is. Free tax prep . Free tax prep . Free tax prep AND the number in the box above is. Free tax prep . Free tax prep . Free tax prep THEN your standard deduction is. Free tax prep . Free tax prep . Free tax prep Single 1 $7,600   2 9,100 Married filing jointly 1 $13,400 or Qualifying 2 14,600 widow(er) with 3 15,800 dependent child 4 17,000 Married filing 1 $7,300 separately 2 8,500   3 9,700   4 10,900 Head of household 1 $10,450   2 11,950 *If someone else can claim you (or your spouse if filing jointly) as a dependent, use Table 20-3 instead. Free tax prep Table 20-3. Free tax prep Standard Deduction Worksheet for Dependents Use this worksheet only if someone else can claim you (or your spouse if filing jointly) as a dependent. Free tax prep Check the correct number of boxes below. Free tax prep Then go to the worksheet. Free tax prep You:   Born before January 2, 1949 □ Blind □ Your spouse, if claiming spouse's exemption: Born before January 2, 1949 □ Blind □ Total number of boxes checked 1. Free tax prep Enter your earned income (defined below). Free tax prep If none, enter -0-. Free tax prep 1. Free tax prep   2. Free tax prep Additional amount. Free tax prep 2. Free tax prep $350 3. Free tax prep Add lines 1 and 2. Free tax prep 3. Free tax prep   4. Free tax prep Minimum standard deduction. Free tax prep 4. Free tax prep $1,000 5. Free tax prep Enter the larger of line 3 or line 4. Free tax prep 5. Free tax prep   6. Free tax prep Enter the amount shown below for your filing status. Free tax prep Single or Married filing separately—$6,100 Married filing jointly—$12,200 Head of household—$8,950 6. Free tax prep   7. Free tax prep Standard deduction. Free tax prep         a. Free tax prep Enter the smaller of line 5 or line 6. Free tax prep If born after January 1, 1949, and not blind, stop here. Free tax prep This is your standard deduction. Free tax prep Otherwise, go on to line 7b. Free tax prep 7a. Free tax prep     b. Free tax prep If born before January 2, 1949, or blind, multiply $1,500 ($1,200 if married) by the number in the box above. Free tax prep 7b. Free tax prep     c. Free tax prep Add lines 7a and 7b. Free tax prep This is your standard deduction for 2013. Free tax prep 7c. Free tax prep   Earned income includes wages, salaries, tips, professional fees, and other compensation received for personal services you performed. Free tax prep It also includes any amount received as a scholarship that you must include in your income. Free tax prep Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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