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Free State Tax Efile

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Free State Tax Efile

Free state tax efile Publication 509 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Future Developments What's New Reminders IntroductionOrdering forms and publications. Free state tax efile Tax questions. Free state tax efile Background Information for Using the Tax CalendarsElectronic deposit requirement. Free state tax efile Legal holidays. Free state tax efile Statewide legal holidays. Free state tax efile Future Developments For the latest information about developments related to Publication 509, such as legislation enacted after it was published, go to www. Free state tax efile irs. Free state tax efile gov/pub509. Free state tax efile What's New Publication 1518 discontinued after 2013. Free state tax efile  Publication 1518, IRS Tax Calendar for Small Businesses and Self-Employed, is discontinued after 2013. Free state tax efile An IRS Tax Calendar and most of the information previously contained in Publication 1518 can be found at www. Free state tax efile irs. Free state tax efile gov/taxcalendar. Free state tax efile Reminders Photographs of missing children. Free state tax efile  The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Free state tax efile Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. Free state tax efile You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. Free state tax efile Introduction A tax calendar is a 12-month calendar divided into quarters. Free state tax efile The calendar gives specific due dates for: Filing tax forms, Paying taxes, and Taking other actions required by federal tax law. Free state tax efile What does this publication contain?   This publication contains the following. Free state tax efile A section on how to use the tax calendars. Free state tax efile Three tax calendars: General Tax Calendar, Employer's Tax Calendar, and Excise Tax Calendar. Free state tax efile A table showing the semiweekly deposit due dates for payroll taxes for 2014. Free state tax efile   Most of the due dates discussed in this publication are also included in the IRS Tax Calendar available at www. Free state tax efile irs. Free state tax efile gov/taxcalendar. Free state tax efile Who should use this publication?   Primarily, employers need to use this publication. Free state tax efile However, the General Tax Calendar has important due dates for all businesses and individuals. Free state tax efile Anyone who must pay excise taxes may need the Excise Tax Calendar . Free state tax efile What are the advantages of using a tax calendar?   The following are advantages of using a calendar. Free state tax efile You do not have to figure the due dates yourself. Free state tax efile You can file or pay timely and avoid penalties. Free state tax efile You do not have to adjust the due dates for Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays. Free state tax efile You do not have to adjust the due dates for special banking rules if you use the Employer's Tax Calendar or Excise Tax Calendar . Free state tax efile Which calendar(s) should I use?   To decide which calendar(s) to use, first look at the General Tax Calendar and highlight the dates that apply to you. Free state tax efile If you are an employer, also use the Employer's Tax Calendar . Free state tax efile If you must pay excise taxes, use the Excise Tax Calendar . Free state tax efile Depending on your situation, you may need to use more than one calendar. Free state tax efile Table 1. Free state tax efile Useful Publications IF you are. Free state tax efile . Free state tax efile . Free state tax efile THEN you may need. Free state tax efile . Free state tax efile . Free state tax efile An employer • Publication 15 (Circular E), Employer's Tax Guide. Free state tax efile  • Publication 15-A, Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide. Free state tax efile  • Publication 15-B, Employer's Tax Guide to Fringe Benefits. Free state tax efile  • Publication 926, Household Employer's Tax Guide. Free state tax efile A farmer • Publication 51 (Circular A), Agricultural Employer's Tax Guide. Free state tax efile  • Publication 225, Farmer's Tax Guide. Free state tax efile An individual • Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. Free state tax efile Required to pay excise taxes • Publication 510, Excise Taxes. Free state tax efile What is not in these calendars?   The calendars do not cover the employment or excise tax deposit rules. Free state tax efile You can find the deposit rules for employment taxes in Publication 15 (Circular E), Employer's Tax Guide. Free state tax efile The deposit rules for excise taxes are in Publication 510, Excise Taxes, and in the Instructions for Form 720, Quarterly Federal Excise Tax Return. Free state tax efile In addition, the calendars do not cover filing forms and other requirements for: Estate taxes, Gift taxes, Trusts, Exempt organizations, Certain types of corporations, or Foreign partnerships. Free state tax efile What other publications and tax forms will I need?   Table 1 lists other publications you may need to order. Free state tax efile Each calendar lists the forms you may need. Free state tax efile   See How To Get Tax Help near the end of this publication for information about getting publications and forms. Free state tax efile Comments and suggestions. Free state tax efile   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. Free state tax efile   You can write to us at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications Division 1111 Constitution Ave. Free state tax efile NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. Free state tax efile Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. Free state tax efile   You can send us comments from www. Free state tax efile irs. Free state tax efile gov/formspubs. Free state tax efile Click on More Information and then click on Comment on Tax Forms and Publications. Free state tax efile   Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our forms and publications. Free state tax efile Ordering forms and publications. Free state tax efile   Visit www. Free state tax efile irs. Free state tax efile gov/formspubs to download forms and publications, call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676), or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. Free state tax efile Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Free state tax efile Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Tax questions. Free state tax efile   If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS. Free state tax efile gov or call 1-800-829-1040. Free state tax efile We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses. Free state tax efile Background Information for Using the Tax Calendars The following brief explanations may be helpful to you in using the tax calendars. Free state tax efile IRS e-services make taxes easier. Free state tax efile   Now more than ever before, businesses can enjoy the benefits of filing and paying their federal taxes electronically. Free state tax efile Whether you rely on a tax professional or handle your own taxes, the IRS offers you convenient programs to make taxes easier. Free state tax efile    You can e-file your Form 1040; certain business tax returns such as Forms 1120, 1120S, and 1065; certain employment tax returns such as Forms 940 and 941; certain excise tax returns such as Forms 720, 2290, and 8849; and Form 1099 and other information returns. Free state tax efile Visit www. Free state tax efile irs. Free state tax efile gov/efile for more information. Free state tax efile You can pay taxes online or by phone using the Electronic Federal Tax Payments System (EFTPS). Free state tax efile For detailed information about using this free service, see Electronic deposit requirement below. Free state tax efile   Use these electronic options to make filing and paying taxes easier. Free state tax efile For more information on electronic payments, visit the IRS website at www. Free state tax efile irs. Free state tax efile gov/e-pay. Free state tax efile Tax deposits. Free state tax efile   Some taxes can be paid with the return on which they are reported. Free state tax efile However, in many cases, you have to deposit the tax before the due date for filing the return. Free state tax efile Tax deposits are figured for periods of time that are shorter than the time period covered by the return. Free state tax efile See Publication 15 (Circular E) for the employment tax deposit rules. Free state tax efile For the excise tax deposit rules, see Publication 510 or the Instructions for Form 720. Free state tax efile    Electronic deposit requirement. Free state tax efile   You must use electronic funds transfer to make all federal tax deposits (such as deposits of employment tax, excise tax, and corporate income tax). Free state tax efile Generally, electronic fund transfers are made using the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS). Free state tax efile EFTPS is a free service provided by the Department of Treasury. Free state tax efile If you do not want to use EFTPS, you can arrange for your tax professional, financial institution, payroll service, or other trusted third party to make electronic deposits on your behalf. Free state tax efile   To get more information or to enroll in EFTPS, call 1-800-555-4477 (business), 1-800-316-6541 (individual), or 1-800-733-4829 (TDD/TTY). Free state tax efile You can also visit the EFTPS website at www. Free state tax efile eftps. Free state tax efile gov. Free state tax efile Additional information about EFTPS is also available in Publication 966, Electronic Federal Tax Payment System: A Guide to Getting Started. Free state tax efile    If you fail to timely, properly, and in full make your federal tax deposit, you may be subject to a failure-to-deposit penalty. Free state tax efile For an EFTPS deposit to be on time, you must initiate the deposit by 8 p. Free state tax efile m. Free state tax efile Eastern time the day before the date the deposit is due. Free state tax efile Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. Free state tax efile   Generally, if a due date for performing any act for tax purposes falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the act is considered to be performed timely if it is performed no later than the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. Free state tax efile The term legal holiday means any legal holiday in the District of Columbia. Free state tax efile The calendars provided in this publication make the adjustment for Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays. Free state tax efile But you must make any adjustments for statewide legal holidays, as discussed next. Free state tax efile An exception to this rule for certain excise taxes is noted later under the Excise Tax Calendar. Free state tax efile Legal holidays. Free state tax efile   Legal holidays for 2014 are listed below. Free state tax efile January 1— New Year's Day January 20— Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. Free state tax efile / Inauguration Day February 17— Washington's Birthday April 16— District of Columbia Emancipation Day May 26— Memorial Day July 4— Independence Day September 1— Labor Day October 13— Columbus Day November 11— Veterans Day November 27— Thanksgiving Day December 25— Christmas Day Statewide legal holidays. Free state tax efile   A statewide legal holiday delays a due date for filing a return only if the IRS office where you are required to file is located in that state. Free state tax efile A statewide legal holiday does not delay a due date for making a federal tax deposit. Free state tax efile Extended due date for Forms 1098, 1099, and W-2 if filed electronically. Free state tax efile   If you file Forms 1098, 1099, or W-2 electronically, your due date for filing them with the IRS or the Social Security Administration (SSA) will be extended to March 31. Free state tax efile   For 2014, the due date for giving the recipient these forms is January 31. Free state tax efile   For information about filing Forms 1098, 1099, or W-2G electronically, see Publication 1220, Specifications for Filing Forms 1097, 1098, 1099, 3921, 3922, 5498, 8935, and W-2G Electronically. Free state tax efile For information about filing Form W-2 electronically with the SSA, visit www. Free state tax efile ssa. Free state tax efile gov/employer or call 1-800-772-6270. Free state tax efile Penalties. Free state tax efile   Whenever possible, you should take action before the listed due date. Free state tax efile If you are late, you may have to pay a penalty as well as interest on any overdue taxes. Free state tax efile   Be sure to follow all the tax laws that apply to you. Free state tax efile In addition to civil penalties, criminal penalties may be imposed for intentionally not paying taxes, for intentionally filing a false return, or for not filing a required return. Free state tax efile Use of private delivery services. Free state tax efile   You can use certain private delivery services designated by the IRS to meet the timely mailing as timely filing/paying rule for tax returns and payments. Free state tax efile These private delivery services include only the following. Free state tax efile DHL Express (DHL): DHL Same Day Service. Free state tax efile Federal Express (FedEx): FedEx Priority Overnight, FedEx Standard Overnight, FedEx 2 Day, FedEx International Priority, and FedEx International First. Free state tax efile United Parcel Service (UPS): UPS Next Day Air, UPS Next Day Air Saver, UPS 2nd Day Air, UPS 2nd Day Air A. Free state tax efile M. Free state tax efile , UPS Worldwide Express Plus, and UPS Worldwide Express. Free state tax efile   For the IRS mailing address to use if you are using a private delivery service, go to IRS. Free state tax efile gov and enter “private delivery service” in the search box. Free state tax efile   The private delivery service can tell you how to get written proof of the mailing date. Free state tax efile    The U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile Postal Service advises that private delivery services cannot deliver items to P. Free state tax efile O. Free state tax efile boxes. Free state tax efile You must use the U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile Postal Service to mail any item to an IRS P. Free state tax efile O. Free state tax efile box address. Free state tax efile Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The Free State Tax Efile

Free state tax efile 1. Free state tax efile   Investment Income Table of Contents Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: General InformationSSN for joint account. Free state tax efile Custodian account for your child. Free state tax efile Penalty for failure to supply SSN. Free state tax efile Certification. Free state tax efile Underreported interest and dividends. Free state tax efile How to stop backup withholding due to underreporting. Free state tax efile How to stop backup withholding due to an incorrect identification number. Free state tax efile Reporting backup withholding. Free state tax efile Nonresident aliens. Free state tax efile Penalties. Free state tax efile Savings account with parent as trustee. Free state tax efile Interest IncomeInterest not reported on Form 1099-INT. Free state tax efile Nominees. Free state tax efile Incorrect amount. Free state tax efile Information reporting requirement. Free state tax efile Taxable Interest — General Below-Market Loans U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile Savings Bonds U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile Treasury Bills, Notes, and Bonds Bonds Sold Between Interest Dates Insurance State or Local Government Obligations Discount on Debt InstrumentsOriginal Issue Discount (OID) Market Discount Bonds Discount on Short-Term Obligations Election To Report All Interest as OID When To Report Interest IncomeConstructive receipt. Free state tax efile How To Report Interest IncomeSchedule B (Form 1040A or 1040). Free state tax efile Worksheet for savings bonds distributed from a retirement or profit-sharing plan. Free state tax efile File Form 1099-INT with the IRS. Free state tax efile Dividends and Other DistributionsDividends not reported on Form 1099-DIV. Free state tax efile Nominees. Free state tax efile Ordinary Dividends Capital Gain Distributions Nondividend Distributions Liquidating Distributions Distributions of Stock and Stock Rights Other Distributions How To Report Dividend IncomeElection. Free state tax efile Independent contractor. Free state tax efile Investment interest deducted. Free state tax efile Exception 1. Free state tax efile Exception 2. Free state tax efile Undistributed capital gains. Free state tax efile File Form 1099-DIV with the IRS. Free state tax efile Stripped Preferred Stock REMICs, FASITs, and Other CDOsREMICs Collateralized Debt Obligations (CDOs) FASITs S CorporationsLimit on losses and deductions. Free state tax efile Passive activity losses. Free state tax efile Form 8582. Free state tax efile Investment ClubsInvestments in name of member. Free state tax efile Tax Treatment of the Club Topics - This chapter discusses: Interest Income , Discount on Debt Instruments , When To Report Interest Income , How To Report Interest Income , Dividends and Other Distributions , How To Report Dividend Income , Stripped Preferred Stock , Real estate mortgage investment conduits (REMICs), financial asset securitization investment trusts (FASITs), and other collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) , S Corporations , and Investment Clubs . Free state tax efile Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 525 Taxable and Nontaxable Income 537 Installment Sales 590 Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) 925 Passive Activity and At-Risk Rules 1212 Guide to Original Issue Discount (OID) Instruments Form (and Instructions) Schedule B (Form 1040A or 1040) Interest and Ordinary Dividends Schedule D (Form 1040) Capital Gains and Losses 1040 U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile Individual Income Tax Return 1040A U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile Individual Income Tax Return 1040EZ Income Tax Return for Single and Joint Filers With No Dependents 1099 General Instructions for Certain Information Returns 2439 Notice to Shareholder of Undistributed Long-Term Capital Gains 3115 Application for Change in Accounting Method 6251 Alternative Minimum Tax — Individuals 8582 Passive Activity Loss Limitations 8615 Tax for Certain Children Who Have Unearned Income 8814 Parents' Election To Report Child's Interest and Dividends 8815 Exclusion of Interest From Series EE and I U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile Savings Bonds Issued After 1989 8818 Optional Form To Record Redemption of Series EE and I U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile Savings Bonds Issued After 1989 8824 Like-Kind Exchanges 8949 Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets 8960 Net Investment Income Tax—Individuals, Estates, and Trusts See chapter 5, How To Get Tax Help , for information about getting these publications and forms. Free state tax efile General Information A few items of general interest are covered here. Free state tax efile Recordkeeping. Free state tax efile You should keep a list showing sources and investment income amounts you receive during the year. Free state tax efile Also keep the forms you receive showing your investment income (Forms 1099-INT, Interest Income, and 1099-DIV, Dividends and Distributions, for example) as an important part of your records. Free state tax efile Net investment income tax (NIIT). Free state tax efile   Beginning in 2013, you may be subject to the NIIT. Free state tax efile The NIIT is a 3. Free state tax efile 8% tax on the lesser of your net investment income or the amount of your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) that is over a threshold amount based on your filing status. Free state tax efile    Filing Status Threshold Amount Married filing jointly $250,000 Married filing separately $125,000 Single $200,000 Head of household (with qualifying person) $200,000 Qualifying Widow(er) with dependent child $250,000    For more information, see Form 8960 and Instructions for Form 8960. Free state tax efile Tax on unearned income of certain children. Free state tax efile   Part of a child's 2013 unearned income may be taxed at the parent's tax rate. Free state tax efile This may happen if all of the following are true. Free state tax efile The child had more than $2,000 of unearned income. Free state tax efile The child is required to file a tax return. Free state tax efile The child was: Under age 18 at the end of 2013, Age 18 at the end of 2013 and did not have earned income that was more than half of the child's support, or A full-time student over age 18 and under age 24 at the end of 2013 and did not have earned income that was more than half of the child's support. Free state tax efile At least one of the child's parents was alive at the end of 2013. Free state tax efile The child does not file a joint return for 2013. Free state tax efile A child born on January 1, 1996, is considered to be age 18 at the end of 2013; a child born on January 1, 1995, is considered to be age 19 at the end of 2013; a child born on January 1, 1990, is considered to be age 24 at the end of 2013. Free state tax efile   If all of these statements are true, Form 8615 must be completed and attached to the child's tax return. Free state tax efile If any of these statements is not true, Form 8615 is not required and the child's income is taxed at his or her own tax rate. Free state tax efile    However, the parent can choose to include the child's interest and dividends on the parent's return if certain requirements are met. Free state tax efile Use Form 8814 for this purpose. Free state tax efile   For more information about the tax on unearned income of children and the parents' election, see Publication 929, Tax Rules for Children and Dependents. Free state tax efile Beneficiary of an estate or trust. Free state tax efile   Interest, dividends, and other investment income you receive as a beneficiary of an estate or trust is generally taxable income. Free state tax efile You should receive a Schedule K-1 (Form 1041), Beneficiary's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. Free state tax efile , from the fiduciary. Free state tax efile Your copy of Schedule K-1 (Form 1041) and its instructions will tell you where to report the income on your Form 1040. Free state tax efile Social security number (SSN). Free state tax efile   You must give your name and SSN or individual tax identification number (ITIN) to any person required by federal tax law to make a return, statement, or other document that relates to you. Free state tax efile This includes payers of interest and dividends. Free state tax efile If you do not give your SSN or ITIN to the payer of interest, you may have to pay a penalty. Free state tax efile SSN for joint account. Free state tax efile   If the funds in a joint account belong to one person, list that person's name first on the account and give that person's SSN to the payer. Free state tax efile (For information on who owns the funds in a joint account, see Joint accounts , later. Free state tax efile ) If the joint account contains combined funds, give the SSN of the person whose name is listed first on the account. Free state tax efile This is because only one name and SSN can be shown on Form 1099. Free state tax efile   These rules apply both to joint ownership by a married couple and to joint ownership by other individuals. Free state tax efile For example, if you open a joint savings account with your child using funds belonging to the child, list the child's name first on the account and give the child's SSN. Free state tax efile Custodian account for your child. Free state tax efile   If your child is the actual owner of an account that is recorded in your name as custodian for the child, give the child's SSN to the payer. Free state tax efile For example, you must give your child's SSN to the payer of dividends on stock owned by your child, even though the dividends are paid to you as custodian. Free state tax efile Penalty for failure to supply SSN. Free state tax efile   You will be subject to a penalty if, when required, you fail to: Include your SSN on any return, statement, or other document, Give your SSN to another person who must include it on any return, statement, or other document, or Include the SSN of another person on any return, statement, or other document. Free state tax efile The penalty is $50 for each failure up to a maximum penalty of $100,000 for any calendar year. Free state tax efile   You will not be subject to this penalty if you can show that your failure to provide the SSN was due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect. Free state tax efile   If you fail to supply an SSN, you may also be subject to backup withholding. Free state tax efile Backup withholding. Free state tax efile   Your investment income is generally not subject to regular withholding. Free state tax efile However, it may be subject to backup withholding to ensure that income tax is collected on the income. Free state tax efile Under backup withholding, the bank, broker, or other payer of interest, original issue discount (OID), dividends, cash patronage dividends, or royalties must withhold, as income tax, on the amount you are paid, applying the appropriate withholding rate. Free state tax efile   Backup withholding applies if: You do not give the payer your identification number (either a social security number or an employer identification number) in the required manner, The IRS notifies the payer that you gave an incorrect identification number, The IRS notifies the payer that you are subject to backup withholding on interest or dividends because you have underreported interest or dividends on your income tax return, or You are required, but fail, to certify that you are not subject to backup withholding for the reason described in (3). Free state tax efile Certification. Free state tax efile   For new accounts paying interest or dividends, you must certify under penalties of perjury that your SSN is correct and that you are not subject to backup withholding. Free state tax efile Your payer will give you a Form W-9, Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification, or similar form, to make this certification. Free state tax efile If you fail to make this certification, backup withholding may begin immediately on your new account or investment. Free state tax efile Underreported interest and dividends. Free state tax efile   You will be considered to have underreported your interest and dividends if the IRS has determined for a tax year that: You failed to include any part of a reportable interest or dividend payment required to be shown on your return, or You were required to file a return and to include a reportable interest or dividend payment on that return, but you failed to file the return. Free state tax efile How to stop backup withholding due to underreporting. Free state tax efile   If you have been notified that you underreported interest or dividends, you can request a determination from the IRS to prevent backup withholding from starting or to stop backup withholding once it has begun. Free state tax efile You must show that at least one of the following situations applies. Free state tax efile No underreporting occurred. Free state tax efile You have a bona fide dispute with the IRS about whether underreporting occurred. Free state tax efile Backup withholding will cause or is causing an undue hardship, and it is unlikely that you will underreport interest and dividends in the future. Free state tax efile You have corrected the underreporting by filing a return if you did not previously file one and by paying all taxes, penalties, and interest due for any underreported interest or dividend payments. Free state tax efile   If the IRS determines that backup withholding should stop, it will provide you with a certification and will notify the payers who were sent notices earlier. Free state tax efile How to stop backup withholding due to an incorrect identification number. Free state tax efile   If you have been notified by a payer that you are subject to backup withholding because you have provided an incorrect SSN or employer identification number, you can stop it by following the instructions the payer gives you. Free state tax efile Reporting backup withholding. Free state tax efile   If backup withholding is deducted from your interest or dividend income or other reportable payment, the bank or other business must give you an information return for the year (for example, a Form 1099-INT) indicating the amount withheld. Free state tax efile The information return will show any backup withholding as “Federal income tax withheld. Free state tax efile ” Nonresident aliens. Free state tax efile    Generally, payments made to nonresident aliens are not subject to backup withholding. Free state tax efile You can use Form W-8BEN, Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for United States Tax Withholding, to certify exempt status. Free state tax efile However, this does not exempt you from the 30% (or lower treaty) withholding rate that may apply to your investment income. Free state tax efile For information on the 30% rate, see Publication 519, U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile Tax Guide for Aliens. Free state tax efile Penalties. Free state tax efile   There are civil and criminal penalties for giving false information to avoid backup withholding. Free state tax efile The civil penalty is $500. Free state tax efile The criminal penalty, upon conviction, is a fine of up to $1,000, or imprisonment of up to 1 year, or both. Free state tax efile Where to report investment income. Free state tax efile   Table 1-1 gives an overview of the forms and schedules to use to report some common types of investment income. Free state tax efile But see the rest of this publication for detailed information about reporting investment income. Free state tax efile Joint accounts. Free state tax efile   If two or more persons hold property (such as a savings account, bond, or stock) as joint tenants, tenants by the entirety, or tenants in common, each person's share of any interest or dividends from the property is determined by local law. Free state tax efile Community property states. Free state tax efile   If you are married and receive a distribution that is community income, one-half of the distribution is generally considered to be received by each spouse. Free state tax efile If you file separate returns, you must each report one-half of any taxable distribution. Free state tax efile See Publication 555, Community Property, for more information on community income. Free state tax efile   If the distribution is not considered community property and you and your spouse file separate returns, each of you must report your separate taxable distributions. Free state tax efile Example. Free state tax efile You and your spouse have a joint money market account. Free state tax efile Under state law, half the income from the account belongs to you, and half belongs to your spouse. Free state tax efile If you file separate returns, you each report half the income. Free state tax efile Income from property given to a child. Free state tax efile   Property you give as a parent to your child under the Model Gifts of Securities to Minors Act, the Uniform Gifts to Minors Act, or any similar law becomes the child's property. Free state tax efile   Income from the property is taxable to the child, except that any part used to satisfy a legal obligation to support the child is taxable to the parent or guardian having that legal obligation. Free state tax efile Savings account with parent as trustee. Free state tax efile   Interest income from a savings account opened for a minor child, but placed in the name and subject to the order of the parents as trustees, is taxable to the child if, under the law of the state in which the child resides, both of the following are true. Free state tax efile The savings account legally belongs to the child. Free state tax efile The parents are not legally permitted to use any of the funds to support the child. Free state tax efile Table 1-1. Free state tax efile Where To Report Common Types of Investment Income (For detailed information about reporting investment income, see the rest of this publication, especially How To Report Interest Income and How To Report Dividend Income in chapter 1. Free state tax efile ) Type of Income If you file Form 1040, report on . Free state tax efile . Free state tax efile . Free state tax efile If you can file Form 1040A, report on . Free state tax efile . Free state tax efile . Free state tax efile If you can file Form 1040EZ, report on . Free state tax efile . Free state tax efile . Free state tax efile Tax-exempt interest (Form 1099-INT, box 8) Line 8b Line 8b Space to the left of line 2 (enter “TEI” and the amount) Taxable interest that totals $1,500 or less Line 8a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. Free state tax efile ) Line 8a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. Free state tax efile ) Line 2 Taxable interest that totals more than $1,500 Line 8a; also use Schedule B, line 1 Line 8a; also use Schedule B, line 1   Savings bond interest you will exclude because of higher education expenses Schedule B; also use Form 8815 Schedule B; also use Form 8815   Ordinary dividends that total $1,500 or less Line 9a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. Free state tax efile ) Line 9a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. Free state tax efile )   Ordinary dividends that total more than $1,500 Line 9a; also use Schedule B, line 5 Line 9a; also use Schedule B, line 5   Qualified dividends (if you do not have to file Schedule D) Line 9b; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 2 Line 9b; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 2   Qualified dividends (if you have to file Schedule D) Line 9b; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet, line 2 You cannot use Form 1040A    You cannot use Form 1040EZ Capital gain distributions (if you do not have to file Schedule D) Line 13; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 3 Line 10; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 3   Capital gain distributions (if you have to file Schedule D) Schedule D, line 13; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet     Section 1250, 1202, or collectibles gain (Form 1099-DIV, box 2b, 2c, or 2d) Form 8949 and Schedule D     Nondividend distributions (Form 1099-DIV, box 3) Generally not reported*     Undistributed capital gains (Form 2439, boxes 1a - 1d) Schedule D     Gain or loss from sales of stocks or bonds Line 13; also use Form 8949, Schedule D, and the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet You cannot use Form 1040A   Gain or loss from exchanges of like-kind investment property Line 13; also use Schedule D, Form 8824, and the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet     *Report any amounts in excess of your basis in your mutual fund shares on Form 8949. Free state tax efile Use Part II if you held the shares more than 1 year. Free state tax efile Use Part I if you held your mutual fund shares 1 year or less. Free state tax efile For details on Form 8949, see Reporting Capital Gains and Losses in chapter 4, and the Instructions for Form 8949. Free state tax efile Accuracy-related penalty. Free state tax efile   An accuracy-related penalty of 20% can be charged for underpayments of tax due to negligence or disregard of rules or regulations or substantial understatement of tax. Free state tax efile For information on the penalty and any interest that applies, see Penalties in chapter 2. Free state tax efile Interest Income This section discusses the tax treatment of different types of interest income. Free state tax efile In general, any interest that you receive or that is credited to your account and can be withdrawn is taxable income. Free state tax efile (It does not have to be entered in your passbook. Free state tax efile ) Exceptions to this rule are discussed later. Free state tax efile Form 1099-INT. Free state tax efile   Interest income is generally reported to you on Form 1099-INT, or a similar statement, by banks, savings and loans, and other payers of interest. Free state tax efile This form shows you the interest you received during the year. Free state tax efile Keep this form for your records. Free state tax efile You do not have to attach it to your tax return. Free state tax efile   Report on your tax return the total interest income you receive for the tax year. Free state tax efile Interest not reported on Form 1099-INT. Free state tax efile   Even if you do not receive Form 1099-INT, you must still report all of your interest income. Free state tax efile For example, you may receive distributive shares of interest from partnerships or S corporations. Free state tax efile This interest is reported to you on Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), Partner's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. Free state tax efile , and Schedule K-1 (Form 1120S), Shareholder's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. Free state tax efile Nominees. Free state tax efile   Generally, if someone receives interest as a nominee for you, that person must give you a Form 1099-INT showing the interest received on your behalf. Free state tax efile   If you receive a Form 1099-INT that includes amounts belonging to another person, see the discussion on Nominee distributions , later, under How To Report Interest Income. Free state tax efile Incorrect amount. Free state tax efile   If you receive a Form 1099-INT that shows an incorrect amount (or other incorrect information), you should ask the issuer for a corrected form. Free state tax efile The new Form 1099-INT you receive will be marked “Corrected. Free state tax efile ” Form 1099-OID. Free state tax efile   Reportable interest income also may be shown on Form 1099-OID, Original Issue Discount. Free state tax efile For more information about amounts shown on this form, see Original Issue Discount (OID) , later in this chapter. Free state tax efile Exempt-interest dividends. Free state tax efile   Exempt-interest dividends you receive from a mutual fund or other regulated investment company, including those received from a qualified fund of funds in any tax year beginning after December 22, 2010, are not included in your taxable income. Free state tax efile (However, see Information reporting requirement , next. Free state tax efile ) Exempt-interest dividends should be shown in box 10 of Form 1099-DIV. Free state tax efile You do not reduce your basis for distributions that are exempt-interest dividends. Free state tax efile Information reporting requirement. Free state tax efile   Although exempt-interest dividends are not taxable, you must show them on your tax return if you have to file. Free state tax efile This is an information reporting requirement and does not change the exempt-interest dividends into taxable income. Free state tax efile See How To Report Interest Income , later. Free state tax efile Note. Free state tax efile Exempt-interest dividends paid from specified private activity bonds may be subject to the alternative minimum tax. Free state tax efile The exempt-interest dividends subject to the alternative minimum tax are shown in box 11 of Form 1099-DIV. Free state tax efile See Form 6251 and its instructions for more information about this tax. Free state tax efile Private activity bonds are discussed later under State or Local Government Obligations. Free state tax efile Interest on VA dividends. Free state tax efile   Interest on insurance dividends left on deposit with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is not taxable. Free state tax efile This includes interest paid on dividends on converted United States Government Life Insurance policies and on National Service Life Insurance policies. Free state tax efile Individual retirement arrangements (IRAs). Free state tax efile   Interest on a Roth IRA generally is not taxable. Free state tax efile Interest on a traditional IRA is tax deferred. Free state tax efile You generally do not include it in your income until you make withdrawals from the IRA. Free state tax efile See Publication 590 for more information. Free state tax efile Taxable Interest — General Taxable interest includes interest you receive from bank accounts, loans you make to others, and other sources. Free state tax efile The following are some sources of taxable interest. Free state tax efile Dividends that are actually interest. Free state tax efile   Certain distributions commonly called dividends are actually interest. Free state tax efile You must report as interest so-called “dividends” on deposits or on share accounts in: Cooperative banks, Credit unions, Domestic building and loan associations, Domestic savings and loan associations, Federal savings and loan associations, and Mutual savings banks. Free state tax efile  The “dividends” will be shown as interest income on Form 1099-INT. Free state tax efile Money market funds. Free state tax efile   Money market funds are offered by nonbank financial institutions such as mutual funds and stock brokerage houses, and pay dividends. Free state tax efile Generally, amounts you receive from money market funds should be reported as dividends, not as interest. Free state tax efile Certificates of deposit and other deferred interest accounts. Free state tax efile   If you open any of these accounts, interest may be paid at fixed intervals of 1 year or less during the term of the account. Free state tax efile You generally must include this interest in your income when you actually receive it or are entitled to receive it without paying a substantial penalty. Free state tax efile The same is true for accounts that mature in 1 year or less and pay interest in a single payment at maturity. Free state tax efile If interest is deferred for more than 1 year, see Original Issue Discount (OID) , later. Free state tax efile Interest subject to penalty for early withdrawal. Free state tax efile   If you withdraw funds from a deferred interest account before maturity, you may have to pay a penalty. Free state tax efile You must report the total amount of interest paid or credited to your account during the year, without subtracting the penalty. Free state tax efile See Penalty on early withdrawal of savings under How To Report Interest Income, later, for more information on how to report the interest and deduct the penalty. Free state tax efile Money borrowed to invest in certificate of deposit. Free state tax efile   The interest you pay on money borrowed from a bank or savings institution to meet the minimum deposit required for a certificate of deposit from the institution and the interest you earn on the certificate are two separate items. Free state tax efile You must report the total interest you earn on the certificate in your income. Free state tax efile If you itemize deductions, you can deduct the interest you pay as investment interest, up to the amount of your net investment income. Free state tax efile See Interest Expenses in chapter 3. Free state tax efile Example. Free state tax efile You deposited $5,000 with a bank and borrowed $5,000 from the bank to make up the $10,000 minimum deposit required to buy a 6-month certificate of deposit. Free state tax efile The certificate earned $575 at maturity in 2013, but you received only $265, which represented the $575 you earned minus $310 interest charged on your $5,000 loan. Free state tax efile The bank gives you a Form 1099-INT for 2013 showing the $575 interest you earned. Free state tax efile The bank also gives you a statement showing that you paid $310 interest for 2013. Free state tax efile You must include the $575 in your income. Free state tax efile If you itemize your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040), Itemized Deductions, you can deduct $310, subject to the net investment income limit. Free state tax efile Gift for opening account. Free state tax efile   If you receive noncash gifts or services for making deposits or for opening an account in a savings institution, you may have to report the value as interest. Free state tax efile   For deposits of less than $5,000, gifts or services valued at more than $10 must be reported as interest. Free state tax efile For deposits of $5,000 or more, gifts or services valued at more than $20 must be reported as interest. Free state tax efile The value is determined by the cost to the financial institution. Free state tax efile Example. Free state tax efile You open a savings account at your local bank and deposit $800. Free state tax efile The account earns $20 interest. Free state tax efile You also receive a $15 calculator. Free state tax efile If no other interest is credited to your account during the year, the Form 1099-INT you receive will show $35 interest for the year. Free state tax efile You must report $35 interest income on your tax return. Free state tax efile Interest on insurance dividends. Free state tax efile   Interest on insurance dividends left on deposit with an insurance company that can be withdrawn annually is taxable to you in the year it is credited to your account. Free state tax efile However, if you can withdraw it only on the anniversary date of the policy (or other specified date), the interest is taxable in the year that date occurs. Free state tax efile Prepaid insurance premiums. Free state tax efile   Any increase in the value of prepaid insurance premiums, advance premiums, or premium deposit funds is interest if it is applied to the payment of premiums due on insurance policies or made available for you to withdraw. Free state tax efile U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile obligations. Free state tax efile   Interest on U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile obligations, such as U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile Treasury bills, notes, and bonds, issued by any agency or instrumentality of the United States is taxable for federal income tax purposes. Free state tax efile Interest on tax refunds. Free state tax efile   Interest you receive on tax refunds is taxable income. Free state tax efile Interest on condemnation award. Free state tax efile   If the condemning authority pays you interest to compensate you for a delay in payment of an award, the interest is taxable. Free state tax efile Installment sale payments. Free state tax efile   If a contract for the sale or exchange of property provides for deferred payments, it also usually provides for interest payable with the deferred payments. Free state tax efile That interest is taxable when you receive it. Free state tax efile If little or no interest is provided for in a deferred payment contract, part of each payment may be treated as interest. Free state tax efile See Unstated Interest and Original Issue Discount (OID) in Publication 537. Free state tax efile Interest on annuity contract. Free state tax efile   Accumulated interest on an annuity contract you sell before its maturity date is taxable. Free state tax efile Usurious interest. Free state tax efile   Usurious interest is interest charged at an illegal rate. Free state tax efile This is taxable as interest unless state law automatically changes it to a payment on the principal. Free state tax efile Interest income on frozen deposits. Free state tax efile   Exclude from your gross income interest on frozen deposits. Free state tax efile A deposit is frozen if, at the end of the year, you cannot withdraw any part of the deposit because: The financial institution is bankrupt or insolvent, or The state in which the institution is located has placed limits on withdrawals because other financial institutions in the state are bankrupt or insolvent. Free state tax efile   The amount of interest you must exclude is the interest that was credited on the frozen deposits minus the sum of: The net amount you withdrew from these deposits during the year, and The amount you could have withdrawn as of the end of the year (not reduced by any penalty for premature withdrawals of a time deposit). Free state tax efile If you receive a Form 1099-INT for interest income on deposits that were frozen at the end of 2013, see Frozen deposits under How To Report Interest Income for information about reporting this interest income exclusion on your tax return. Free state tax efile   The interest you exclude is treated as credited to your account in the following year. Free state tax efile You must include it in income in the year you can withdraw it. Free state tax efile Example. Free state tax efile $100 of interest was credited on your frozen deposit during the year. Free state tax efile You withdrew $80 but could not withdraw any more as of the end of the year. Free state tax efile You must include $80 in your income and exclude $20 from your income for the year. Free state tax efile You must include the $20 in your income for the year you can withdraw it. Free state tax efile Bonds traded flat. Free state tax efile    If you buy a bond at a discount when interest has been defaulted or when the interest has accrued but has not been paid, the transaction is described as trading a bond flat. Free state tax efile The defaulted or unpaid interest is not income and is not taxable as interest if paid later. Free state tax efile When you receive a payment of that interest, it is a return of capital that reduces the remaining cost basis of your bond. Free state tax efile Interest that accrues after the date of purchase, however, is taxable interest income for the year received or accrued. Free state tax efile See Bonds Sold Between Interest Dates , later in this chapter. Free state tax efile Below-Market Loans If you make a below-market gift or demand loan, you must report as interest income any forgone interest (defined later) from that loan. Free state tax efile The below-market loan rules and exceptions are described in this section. Free state tax efile For more information, see section 7872 of the Internal Revenue Code and its regulations. Free state tax efile If you receive a below-market loan, you may be able to deduct the forgone interest as well as any interest you actually paid, but not if it is personal interest. Free state tax efile Loans subject to the rules. Free state tax efile   The rules for below-market loans apply to: Gift loans, Pay-related loans, Corporation-shareholder loans, Tax avoidance loans, and Certain loans made to qualified continuing care facilities under a continuing care contract. Free state tax efile A pay-related loan is any below-market loan between an employer and an employee or between an independent contractor and a person for whom the contractor provides services. Free state tax efile A tax avoidance loan is any below-market loan where the avoidance of federal tax is one of the main purposes of the interest arrangement. Free state tax efile Forgone interest. Free state tax efile   For any period, forgone interest is: The amount of interest that would be payable for that period if interest accrued on the loan at the applicable federal rate and was payable annually on December 31, minus Any interest actually payable on the loan for the period. Free state tax efile Applicable federal rate. Free state tax efile   Applicable federal rates are published by the IRS each month in the Internal Revenue Bulletin. Free state tax efile Some IRS offices have these bulletins available for research. Free state tax efile See chapter 5, How To Get Tax Help , for other ways to get this information. Free state tax efile Rules for below-market loans. Free state tax efile   The rules that apply to a below-market loan depend on whether the loan is a gift loan, demand loan, or term loan. Free state tax efile Gift and demand loans. Free state tax efile   A gift loan is any below-market loan where the forgone interest is in the nature of a gift. Free state tax efile   A demand loan is a loan payable in full at any time upon demand by the lender. Free state tax efile A demand loan is a below-market loan if no interest is charged or if interest is charged at a rate below the applicable federal rate. Free state tax efile   A demand loan or gift loan that is a below-market loan is generally treated as an arm's-length transaction in which the lender is treated as having made: A loan to the borrower in exchange for a note that requires the payment of interest at the applicable federal rate, and An additional payment to the borrower in an amount equal to the forgone interest. Free state tax efile The borrower is generally treated as transferring the additional payment back to the lender as interest. Free state tax efile The lender must report that amount as interest income. Free state tax efile   The lender's additional payment to the borrower is treated as a gift, dividend, contribution to capital, pay for services, or other payment, depending on the substance of the transaction. Free state tax efile The borrower may have to report this payment as taxable income, depending on its classification. Free state tax efile These transfers are considered to occur annually, generally on December 31. Free state tax efile Term loans. Free state tax efile   A term loan is any loan that is not a demand loan. Free state tax efile A term loan is a below-market loan if the amount of the loan is more than the present value of all payments due under the loan. Free state tax efile   A lender who makes a below-market term loan other than a gift loan is treated as transferring an additional lump-sum cash payment to the borrower (as a dividend, contribution to capital, etc. Free state tax efile ) on the date the loan is made. Free state tax efile The amount of this payment is the amount of the loan minus the present value, at the applicable federal rate, of all payments due under the loan. Free state tax efile An equal amount is treated as original issue discount (OID). Free state tax efile The lender must report the annual part of the OID as interest income. Free state tax efile The borrower may be able to deduct the OID as interest expense. Free state tax efile See Original Issue Discount (OID) , later. Free state tax efile Exceptions to the below-market loan rules. Free state tax efile   Exceptions to the below-market loan rules are discussed here. Free state tax efile Exception for loans of $10,000 or less. Free state tax efile   The rules for below-market loans do not apply to any day on which the total outstanding amount of loans between the borrower and lender is $10,000 or less. Free state tax efile This exception applies only to: Gift loans between individuals if the gift loan is not directly used to buy or carry income-producing assets, and Pay-related loans or corporation-shareholder loans if the avoidance of federal tax is not a principal purpose of the interest arrangement. Free state tax efile This exception does not apply to a term loan described in (2) earlier that previously has been subject to the below-market loan rules. Free state tax efile Those rules will continue to apply even if the outstanding balance is reduced to $10,000 or less. Free state tax efile Exception for loans to continuing care facilities. Free state tax efile   Loans to qualified continuing care facilities under continuing care contracts are not subject to the rules for below-market loans for the calendar year if the lender or the lender's spouse is age 62 or older at the end of the year. Free state tax efile For the definitions of qualified continuing care facility and continuing care contract, see Internal Revenue Code section 7872(h). Free state tax efile Exception for loans without significant tax effect. Free state tax efile   Loans are excluded from the below-market loan rules if their interest arrangements do not have a significant effect on the federal tax liability of the borrower or the lender. Free state tax efile These loans include: Loans made available by the lender to the general public on the same terms and conditions that are consistent with the lender's customary business practice; Loans subsidized by a federal, state, or municipal government that are made available under a program of general application to the public; Certain employee-relocation loans; Certain loans from a foreign person, unless the interest income would be effectively connected with the conduct of a U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile trade or business and would not be exempt from U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile tax under an income tax treaty; Gift loans to a charitable organization, contributions to which are deductible, if the total outstanding amount of loans between the organization and lender is $250,000 or less at all times during the tax year; and Other loans on which the interest arrangement can be shown to have no significant effect on the federal tax liability of the lender or the borrower. Free state tax efile For a loan described in (6) above, all the facts and circumstances are used to determine if the interest arrangement has a significant effect on the federal tax liability of the lender or borrower. Free state tax efile Some factors to be considered are: Whether items of income and deduction generated by the loan offset each other; The amount of these items; The cost to you of complying with the below-market loan rules, if they were to apply; and Any reasons other than taxes for structuring the transaction as a below-market loan. Free state tax efile If you structure a transaction to meet this exception and one of the principal purposes of that structure is the avoidance of federal tax, the loan will be considered a tax-avoidance loan, and this exception will not apply. Free state tax efile Limit on forgone interest for gift loans of $100,000 or less. Free state tax efile   For gift loans between individuals, if the outstanding loans between the lender and borrower total $100,000 or less, the forgone interest to be included in income by the lender and deducted by the borrower is limited to the amount of the borrower's net investment income for the year. Free state tax efile If the borrower's net investment income is $1,000 or less, it is treated as zero. Free state tax efile This limit does not apply to a loan if the avoidance of federal tax is one of the main purposes of the interest arrangement. Free state tax efile Effective dates. Free state tax efile    These rules apply to term loans made after June 6, 1984, and to demand loans outstanding after that date. Free state tax efile U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile Savings Bonds This section provides tax information on U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bonds. Free state tax efile It explains how to report the interest income on these bonds and how to treat transfers of these bonds. Free state tax efile U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bonds currently offered to individuals include Series EE bonds and Series I bonds. Free state tax efile For other information on U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bonds, write to:  For Series HH/H: Bureau of the Fiscal Service Division of Customer Assistance P. Free state tax efile O. Free state tax efile Box 2186 Parkersburg, WV 26106-2186  For Series EE and I paper savings bonds: Bureau of the Fiscal Service Division of Customer Assistance P. Free state tax efile O. Free state tax efile Box 7012 Parkersburg, WV 26106-7012  For Series EE and I electronic bonds: Bureau of the Fiscal Service  Division of Customer Assistance P. Free state tax efile O. Free state tax efile Box 7015 Parkersburg, WV 26106-7015 Or, on the Internet, visit: www. Free state tax efile treasurydirect. Free state tax efile gov/indiv/indiv. Free state tax efile htm. Free state tax efile Accrual method taxpayers. Free state tax efile   If you use an accrual method of accounting, you must report interest on U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bonds each year as it accrues. Free state tax efile You cannot postpone reporting interest until you receive it or until the bonds mature. Free state tax efile Cash method taxpayers. Free state tax efile   If you use the cash method of accounting, as most individual taxpayers do, you generally report the interest on U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bonds when you receive it. Free state tax efile But see Reporting options for cash method taxpayers , later. Free state tax efile Series HH bonds. Free state tax efile   These bonds were issued at face value. Free state tax efile Interest is paid twice a year by direct deposit to your bank account. Free state tax efile If you are a cash method taxpayer, you must report interest on these bonds as income in the year you receive it. Free state tax efile   Series HH bonds were first offered in 1980 and last offered in August 2004. Free state tax efile Before 1980, series H bonds were issued. Free state tax efile Series H bonds are treated the same as series HH bonds. Free state tax efile If you are a cash method taxpayer, you must report the interest when you receive it. Free state tax efile   Series H bonds have a maturity period of 30 years. Free state tax efile Series HH bonds mature in 20 years. Free state tax efile The last series H bonds matured in 2009. Free state tax efile The last series HH bonds will mature in 2024. Free state tax efile Series EE and series I bonds. Free state tax efile   Interest on these bonds is payable when you redeem the bonds. Free state tax efile The difference between the purchase price and the redemption value is taxable interest. Free state tax efile Series EE bonds. Free state tax efile   Series EE bonds were first offered in January 1980 and have a maturity period of 30 years. Free state tax efile Before July 1980, series E bonds were issued. Free state tax efile The original 10-year maturity period of series E bonds has been extended to 40 years for bonds issued before December 1965 and 30 years for bonds issued after November 1965. Free state tax efile Paper series EE and series E bonds are issued at a discount. Free state tax efile The face value is payable to you at maturity. Free state tax efile Electronic series EE bonds are issued at their face value. Free state tax efile The face value plus accrued interest is payable to you at maturity. Free state tax efile As of January 1, 2012, paper savings bonds were no longer sold at financial institutions. Free state tax efile    Owners of paper series EE bonds can convert them to electronic bonds. Free state tax efile These converted bonds do not retain the denomination listed on the paper certificate but are posted at their purchase price (with accrued interest). Free state tax efile Series I bonds. Free state tax efile   Series I bonds were first offered in 1998. Free state tax efile These are inflation-indexed bonds issued at their face amount with a maturity period of 30 years. Free state tax efile The face value plus all accrued interest is payable to you at maturity. Free state tax efile Reporting options for cash method taxpayers. Free state tax efile   If you use the cash method of reporting income, you can report the interest on series EE, series E, and series I bonds in either of the following ways. Free state tax efile Method 1. Free state tax efile Postpone reporting the interest until the earlier of the year you cash or dispose of the bonds or the year in which they mature. Free state tax efile (However, see Savings bonds traded , later. Free state tax efile )  Note. Free state tax efile Series EE bonds issued in 1983 matured in 2013. Free state tax efile If you have used method 1, you generally must report the interest on these bonds on your 2013 return. Free state tax efile The last series E bonds were issued in 1980 and matured in 2010. Free state tax efile If you used method 1, you generally should have reported the interest on these bonds on your 2010 return. Free state tax efile Method 2. Free state tax efile Choose to report the increase in redemption value as interest each year. Free state tax efile  You must use the same method for all series EE, series E, and series I bonds you own. Free state tax efile If you do not choose method 2 by reporting the increase in redemption value as interest each year, you must use method 1. Free state tax efile If you plan to cash your bonds in the same year you will pay for higher educational expenses, you may want to use method 1 because you may be able to exclude the interest from your income. Free state tax efile To learn how, see Education Savings Bond Program, later. Free state tax efile Change from method 1. Free state tax efile   If you want to change your method of reporting the interest from method 1 to method 2, you can do so without permission from the IRS. Free state tax efile In the year of change, you must report all interest accrued to date and not previously reported for all your bonds. Free state tax efile   Once you choose to report the interest each year, you must continue to do so for all series EE, series E, and series I bonds you own and for any you get later, unless you request permission to change, as explained next. Free state tax efile Change from method 2. Free state tax efile   To change from method 2 to method 1, you must request permission from the IRS. Free state tax efile Permission for the change is automatically granted if you send the IRS a statement that meets all the following requirements. Free state tax efile You have typed or printed the following number at the top: “131. Free state tax efile ” It includes your name and social security number under “131. Free state tax efile ” It includes the year of change (both the beginning and ending dates). Free state tax efile It identifies the savings bonds for which you are requesting this change. Free state tax efile It includes your agreement to: Report all interest on any bonds acquired during or after the year of change when the interest is realized upon disposition, redemption, or final maturity, whichever is earliest; and Report all interest on the bonds acquired before the year of change when the interest is realized upon disposition, redemption, or final maturity, whichever is earliest, with the exception of the interest reported in prior tax years. Free state tax efile   You must attach this statement to your tax return for the year of change, which you must file by the due date (including extensions). Free state tax efile   You can have an automatic extension of 6 months from the due date of your return for the year of change (excluding extensions) to file the statement with an amended return. Free state tax efile On the statement, type or print “Filed pursuant to section 301. Free state tax efile 9100-2. Free state tax efile ” To get this extension, you must have filed your original return for the year of the change by the due date (including extensions). Free state tax efile    By the date you file the original statement with your return, you must also send a signed copy to the address below. Free state tax efile    Internal Revenue Service Attention: CC:IT&A (Automatic Rulings Branch) P. Free state tax efile O. Free state tax efile Box 7604 Benjamin Franklin Station Washington, DC 20044   If you use a private delivery service, send the signed copy to the address below. Free state tax efile Internal Revenue Service Attention: CC:IT&A  (Automatic Rulings Branch) Room 5336 1111 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20224    Instead of filing this statement, you can request permission to change from method 2 to method 1 by filing Form 3115. Free state tax efile In that case, follow the form instructions for an automatic change. Free state tax efile No user fee is required. Free state tax efile Co-owners. Free state tax efile   If a U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bond is issued in the names of co-owners, such as you and your child or you and your spouse, interest on the bond is generally taxable to the co-owner who bought the bond. Free state tax efile One co-owner's funds used. Free state tax efile   If you used your funds to buy the bond, you must pay the tax on the interest. Free state tax efile This is true even if you let the other co-owner redeem the bond and keep all the proceeds. Free state tax efile Under these circumstances, the co-owner who redeemed the bond will receive a Form 1099-INT at the time of redemption and must provide you with another Form 1099-INT showing the amount of interest from the bond taxable to you. Free state tax efile The co-owner who redeemed the bond is a “nominee. Free state tax efile ” See Nominee distributions under How To Report Interest Income, later, for more information about how a person who is a nominee reports interest income belonging to another person. Free state tax efile Both co-owners' funds used. Free state tax efile   If you and the other co-owner each contribute part of the bond's purchase price, the interest is generally taxable to each of you, in proportion to the amount each of you paid. Free state tax efile Community property. Free state tax efile   If you and your spouse live in a community property state and hold bonds as community property, one-half of the interest is considered received by each of you. Free state tax efile If you file separate returns, each of you generally must report one-half of the bond interest. Free state tax efile For more information about community property, see Publication 555. Free state tax efile Table 1-2. Free state tax efile   These rules are also shown in Table 1-2. Free state tax efile Child as only owner. Free state tax efile   Interest on U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bonds bought for and registered only in the name of your child is income to your child, even if you paid for the bonds and are named as beneficiary. Free state tax efile If the bonds are series EE, series E, or series I bonds, the interest on the bonds is income to your child in the earlier of the year the bonds are cashed or disposed of or the year the bonds mature, unless your child chooses to report the interest income each year. Free state tax efile Choice to report interest each year. Free state tax efile   The choice to report the accrued interest each year can be made either by your child or by you for your child. Free state tax efile This choice is made by filing an income tax return that shows all the interest earned to date, and by stating on the return that your child chooses to report the interest each year. Free state tax efile Either you or your child should keep a copy of this return. Free state tax efile   Unless your child is otherwise required to file a tax return for any year after making this choice, your child does not have to file a return only to report the annual accrual of U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bond interest under this choice. Free state tax efile However, see Tax on unearned income of certain children , earlier, under General Information. Free state tax efile Neither you nor your child can change the way you report the interest unless you request permission from the IRS, as discussed earlier under Change from method 2 . Free state tax efile Ownership transferred. Free state tax efile   If you bought series E, series EE, or series I bonds entirely with your own funds and had them reissued in your co-owner's name or beneficiary's name alone, you must include in your gross income for the year of reissue all interest that you earned on these bonds and have not previously reported. Free state tax efile But, if the bonds were reissued in your name alone, you do not have to report the interest accrued at that time. Free state tax efile   This same rule applies when bonds (other than bonds held as community property) are transferred between spouses or incident to divorce. Free state tax efile Example. Free state tax efile You bought series EE bonds entirely with your own funds. Free state tax efile You did not choose to report the accrued interest each year. Free state tax efile Later, you transfer the bonds to your former spouse under a divorce agreement. Free state tax efile You must include the deferred accrued interest, from the date of the original issue of the bonds to the date of transfer, in your income in the year of transfer. Free state tax efile Your former spouse includes in income the interest on the bonds from the date of transfer to the date of redemption. Free state tax efile Table 1-2. Free state tax efile Who Pays the Tax on U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile Savings Bond Interest IF . Free state tax efile . Free state tax efile . Free state tax efile THEN the interest must be reported by . Free state tax efile . Free state tax efile . Free state tax efile you buy a bond in your name and the name of another person as co-owners, using only your own funds you. Free state tax efile you buy a bond in the name of another person, who is the sole owner of the bond the person for whom you bought the bond. Free state tax efile you and another person buy a bond as co-owners, each contributing part of the purchase price both you and the other co-owner, in proportion to the amount each paid for the bond. Free state tax efile you and your spouse, who live in a community property state, buy a bond that is community property you and your spouse. Free state tax efile If you file separate returns, both you and your spouse generally report one-half of the interest. Free state tax efile Purchased jointly. Free state tax efile   If you and a co-owner each contributed funds to buy series E, series EE, or series I bonds jointly and later have the bonds reissued in the co-owner's name alone, you must include in your gross income for the year of reissue your share of all the interest earned on the bonds that you have not previously reported. Free state tax efile The former co-owner does not have to include in gross income at the time of reissue his or her share of the interest earned that was not reported before the transfer. Free state tax efile This interest, however, as well as all interest earned after the reissue, is income to the former co-owner. Free state tax efile   This income-reporting rule also applies when the bonds are reissued in the name of your former co-owner and a new co-owner. Free state tax efile But the new co-owner will report only his or her share of the interest earned after the transfer. Free state tax efile   If bonds that you and a co-owner bought jointly are reissued to each of you separately in the same proportion as your contribution to the purchase price, neither you nor your co-owner has to report at that time the interest earned before the bonds were reissued. Free state tax efile Example 1. Free state tax efile You and your spouse each spent an equal amount to buy a $1,000 series EE savings bond. Free state tax efile The bond was issued to you and your spouse as co-owners. Free state tax efile You both postpone reporting interest on the bond. Free state tax efile You later have the bond reissued as two $500 bonds, one in your name and one in your spouse's name. Free state tax efile At that time neither you nor your spouse has to report the interest earned to the date of reissue. Free state tax efile Example 2. Free state tax efile You bought a $1,000 series EE savings bond entirely with your own funds. Free state tax efile The bond was issued to you and your spouse as co-owners. Free state tax efile You both postponed reporting interest on the bond. Free state tax efile You later have the bond reissued as two $500 bonds, one in your name and one in your spouse's name. Free state tax efile You must report half the interest earned to the date of reissue. Free state tax efile Transfer to a trust. Free state tax efile   If you own series E, series EE, or series I bonds and transfer them to a trust, giving up all rights of ownership, you must include in your income for that year the interest earned to the date of transfer if you have not already reported it. Free state tax efile However, if you are considered the owner of the trust and if the increase in value both before and after the transfer continues to be taxable to you, you can continue to defer reporting the interest earned each year. Free state tax efile You must include the total interest in your income in the year you cash or dispose of the bonds or the year the bonds finally mature, whichever is earlier. Free state tax efile   The same rules apply to previously unreported interest on series EE or series E bonds if the transfer to a trust consisted of series HH or series H bonds you acquired in a trade for the series EE or series E bonds. Free state tax efile See Savings bonds traded , later. Free state tax efile Decedents. Free state tax efile   The manner of reporting interest income on series E, series EE, or series I bonds, after the death of the owner (decedent), depends on the accounting and income-reporting methods previously used by the decedent. Free state tax efile Decedent who reported interest each year. Free state tax efile   If the bonds transferred because of death were owned by a person who used an accrual method, or who used the cash method and had chosen to report the interest each year, the interest earned in the year of death up to the date of death must be reported on that person's final return. Free state tax efile The person who acquires the bonds includes in income only interest earned after the date of death. Free state tax efile Decedent who postponed reporting interest. Free state tax efile   If the transferred bonds were owned by a decedent who had used the cash method and had not chosen to report the interest each year, and who had bought the bonds entirely with his or her own funds, all interest earned before death must be reported in one of the following ways. Free state tax efile The surviving spouse or personal representative (executor, administrator, etc. Free state tax efile ) who files the final income tax return of the decedent can choose to include on that return all interest earned on the bonds before the decedent's death. Free state tax efile The person who acquires the bonds then includes in income only interest earned after the date of death. Free state tax efile If the choice in (1) is not made, the interest earned up to the date of death is income in respect of the decedent and should not be included in the decedent's final return. Free state tax efile All interest earned both before and after the decedent's death (except any part reported by the estate on its income tax return) is income to the person who acquires the bonds. Free state tax efile If that person uses the cash method and does not choose to report the interest each year, he or she can postpone reporting it until the year the bonds are cashed or disposed of or the year they mature, whichever is earlier. Free state tax efile In the year that person reports the interest, he or she can claim a deduction for any federal estate tax paid on the part of the interest included in the decedent's estate. Free state tax efile For more information on income in respect of a decedent, see Publication 559, Survivors, Executors, and Administrators. Free state tax efile Example 1. Free state tax efile Your uncle, a cash method taxpayer, died and left you a $1,000 series EE bond. Free state tax efile He had bought the bond for $500 and had not chosen to report the interest each year. Free state tax efile At the date of death, interest of $200 had accrued on the bond, and its value of $700 was included in your uncle's estate. Free state tax efile Your uncle's executor chose not to include the $200 accrued interest in your uncle's final income tax return. Free state tax efile The $200 is income in respect of the decedent. Free state tax efile You are a cash method taxpayer and do not choose to report the interest each year as it is earned. Free state tax efile If you cash the bond when it reaches maturity value of $1,000, you report $500 interest income—the difference between maturity value of $1,000 and the original cost of $500. Free state tax efile For that year, you can deduct (as a miscellaneous itemized deduction not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit) any federal estate tax paid because the $200 interest was included in your uncle's estate. Free state tax efile Example 2. Free state tax efile If, in Example 1 , the executor had chosen to include the $200 accrued interest in your uncle's final return, you would report only $300 as interest when you cashed the bond at maturity. Free state tax efile $300 is the interest earned after your uncle's death. Free state tax efile Example 3. Free state tax efile If, in Example 1 , you make or have made the choice to report the increase in redemption value as interest each year, you include in gross income for the year you acquire the bond all of the unreported increase in value of all series E, series EE, and series I bonds you hold, including the $200 on the bond you inherited from your uncle. Free state tax efile Example 4. Free state tax efile When your aunt died, she owned series HH bonds that she had acquired in a trade for series EE bonds. Free state tax efile You were the beneficiary of these bonds. Free state tax efile Your aunt used the cash method and did not choose to report the interest on the series EE bonds each year as it accrued. Free state tax efile Your aunt's executor chose not to include any interest earned before your aunt's death on her final return. Free state tax efile The income in respect of the decedent is the sum of the unreported interest on the series EE bonds and the interest, if any, payable on the series HH bonds but not received as of the date of your aunt's death. Free state tax efile You must report any interest received during the year as income on your return. Free state tax efile The part of the interest payable but not received before your aunt's death is income in respect of the decedent and may qualify for the estate tax deduction. Free state tax efile For information on when to report the interest on the series EE bonds traded, see Savings bonds traded , later. Free state tax efile Savings bonds distributed from a retirement or profit-sharing plan. Free state tax efile   If you acquire a U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bond in a taxable distribution from a retirement or profit-sharing plan, your income for the year of distribution includes the bond's redemption value (its cost plus the interest accrued before the distribution). Free state tax efile When you redeem the bond (whether in the year of distribution or later), your interest income includes only the interest accrued after the bond was distributed. Free state tax efile To figure the interest reported as a taxable distribution and your interest income when you redeem the bond, see Worksheet for savings bonds distributed from a retirement or profit-sharing plan under How To Report Interest Income, later. Free state tax efile Savings bonds traded. Free state tax efile   If you postponed reporting the interest on your series EE or series E bonds, you did not recognize taxable income when you traded the bonds for series HH or series H bonds, unless you received cash in the trade. Free state tax efile (You cannot trade series I bonds for series HH bonds. Free state tax efile After August 31, 2004, you cannot trade any other series of bonds for series HH bonds. Free state tax efile ) Any cash you received is income up to the amount of the interest earned on the bonds traded. Free state tax efile When your series HH or series H bonds mature, or if you dispose of them before maturity, you report as interest the difference between their redemption value and your cost. Free state tax efile Your cost is the sum of the amount you paid for the traded series EE or series E bonds plus any amount you had to pay at the time of the trade. Free state tax efile Example. Free state tax efile You traded series EE bonds (on which you postponed reporting the interest) for $2,500 in series HH bonds and $223 in cash. Free state tax efile You reported the $223 as taxable income on your tax return. Free state tax efile At the time of the trade, the series EE bonds had accrued interest of $523 and a redemption value of $2,723. Free state tax efile You hold the series HH bonds until maturity, when you receive $2,500. Free state tax efile You must report $300 as interest income in the year of maturity. Free state tax efile This is the difference between their redemption value, $2,500, and your cost, $2,200 (the amount you paid for the series EE bonds). Free state tax efile (It is also the difference between the accrued interest of $523 on the series EE bonds and the $223 cash received on the trade. Free state tax efile ) Choice to report interest in year of trade. Free state tax efile   You could have chosen to treat all of the previously unreported accrued interest on series EE or series E bonds traded for series HH bonds as income in the year of the trade. Free state tax efile If you made this choice, it is treated as a change from method 1. Free state tax efile See Change from method 1 under Series EE and series I bonds, earlier. Free state tax efile Form 1099-INT for U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bond interest. Free state tax efile   When you cash a bond, the bank or other payer that redeems it must give you a Form 1099-INT if the interest part of the payment you receive is $10 or more. Free state tax efile Box 3 of your Form 1099-INT should show the interest as the difference between the amount you received and the amount paid for the bond. Free state tax efile However, your Form 1099-INT may show more interest than you have to include on your income tax return. Free state tax efile For example, this may happen if any of the following are true. Free state tax efile You chose to report the increase in the redemption value of the bond each year. Free state tax efile The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by amounts previously included in income. Free state tax efile You received the bond from a decedent. Free state tax efile The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by any interest reported by the decedent before death, or on the decedent's final return, or by the estate on the estate's income tax return. Free state tax efile Ownership of the bond was transferred. Free state tax efile The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by interest that accrued before the transfer. Free state tax efile You were named as a co-owner, and the other co-owner contributed funds to buy the bond. Free state tax efile The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by the amount you received as nominee for the other co-owner. Free state tax efile (See Co-owners , earlier in this section, for more information about the reporting requirements. Free state tax efile ) You received the bond in a taxable distribution from a retirement or profit-sharing plan. Free state tax efile The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by the interest portion of the amount taxable as a distribution from the plan and not taxable as interest. Free state tax efile (This amount is generally shown on Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc. Free state tax efile , for the year of distribution. Free state tax efile )   For more information on including the correct amount of interest on your return, see U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bond interest previously reported or Nominee distributions under How To Report Interest Income, later. Free state tax efile    Interest on U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bonds is exempt from state and local taxes. Free state tax efile The Form 1099-INT you receive will indicate the amount that is for U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bonds interest in box 3. Free state tax efile Do not include this income on your state or local income tax return. Free state tax efile Education Savings Bond Program You may be able to exclude from income all or part of the interest you receive on the redemption of qualified U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bonds during the year if you pay qualified higher educational expenses during the same year. Free state tax efile This exclusion is known as the Education Savings Bond Program. Free state tax efile You do not qualify for this exclusion if your filing status is married filing separately. Free state tax efile Form 8815. Free state tax efile   Use Form 8815 to figure your exclusion. Free state tax efile Attach the form to your Form 1040 or Form 1040A. Free state tax efile Qualified U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bonds. Free state tax efile   A qualified U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bond is a series EE bond issued after 1989 or a series I bond. Free state tax efile The bond must be issued either in your name (sole owner) or in your and your spouse's names (co-owners). Free state tax efile You must be at least 24 years old before the bond's issue date. Free state tax efile For example, a bond bought by a parent and issued in the name of his or her child under age 24 does not qualify for the exclusion by the parent or child. Free state tax efile    The issue date of a bond may be earlier than the date the bond is purchased because the issue date assigned to a bond is the first day of the month in which it is purchased. Free state tax efile Beneficiary. Free state tax efile   You can designate any individual (including a child) as a beneficiary of the bond. Free state tax efile Verification by IRS. Free state tax efile   If you claim the exclusion, the IRS will check it by using bond redemption information from the Department of Treasury. Free state tax efile Qualified expenses. Free state tax efile   Qualified higher educational expenses are tuition and fees required for you, your spouse, or your dependent (for whom you claim an exemption) to attend an eligible educational institution. Free state tax efile   Qualified expenses include any contribution you make to a qualified tuition program or to a Coverdell education savings account. Free state tax efile For information about these programs, see Publication 970, Tax Benefits for Education. Free state tax efile   Qualified expenses do not include expenses for room and board or for courses involving sports, games, or hobbies that are not part of a degree or certificate granting program. Free state tax efile Eligible educational institutions. Free state tax efile   These institutions include most public, private, and nonprofit universities, colleges, and vocational schools that are accredited and eligible to participate in student aid programs run by the Department of Education. Free state tax efile Reduction for certain benefits. Free state tax efile   You must reduce your qualified higher educational expenses by all of the following tax-free benefits. Free state tax efile Tax-free part of scholarships and fellowships. Free state tax efile Expenses used to figure the tax-free portion of distributions from a Coverdell ESA. Free state tax efile Expenses used to figure the tax-free portion of distributions from a qualified tuition program. Free state tax efile Any tax-free payments (other than gifts or inheritances) received as educational assistance, such as: Veterans' educational assistance benefits, Qualified tuition reductions, or Employer-provided educational assistance. Free state tax efile Any expense used in figuring the American Opportunity and lifetime learning credits. Free state tax efile For information about these benefits, see Publication 970. Free state tax efile Amount excludable. Free state tax efile   If the total proceeds (interest and principal) from the qualified U. Free state tax efile S. Free state tax efile savings bonds you redeem during the year are not more than your adjusted qualified higher educational expenses for the year, you may be able to exclude all of the interest. Free state tax efile If the proceeds are more than the expenses, you may be able to exclude only part of the interest. Free state tax efile   To determine the excludable amount, multiply the interest part of the proceeds by a fraction. Free state tax efile The numer