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Free 2009 Tax Software

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Free 2009 Tax Software

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The Free 2009 Tax Software

Free 2009 tax software 3. Free 2009 tax software   Reporting Rental Income, Expenses, and Losses Table of Contents Which Forms To UseSchedule E (Form 1040) Schedule C (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Business Qualified Joint Venture Limits on Rental LossesAt-Risk Rules Passive Activity Limits Casualties and Thefts Example Figuring the net income or loss for a residential rental activity may involve more than just listing the income and deductions on Schedule E (Form 1040). Free 2009 tax software There are activities which do not qualify to use Schedule E, such as when the activity is not engaged in to make a profit or when you provide substantial services in conjunction with the property. Free 2009 tax software There are also the limitations which may need to be applied if you have a net loss on Schedule E. Free 2009 tax software There are two: (1) the limitation based on the amount of investment you have at risk in your rental activity, and (2) the special limits imposed on passive activities. Free 2009 tax software You may also have a gain or loss related to your rental property from a casualty or theft. Free 2009 tax software This is considered separately from the income and expense information you report on Schedule E. Free 2009 tax software Which Forms To Use The basic form for reporting residential rental income and expenses is Schedule E (Form 1040). Free 2009 tax software However, do not use that schedule to report a not-for-profit activity. Free 2009 tax software See Not Rented for Profit , in chapter 4. Free 2009 tax software There are also other rental situations in which forms other than Schedule E would be used. Free 2009 tax software Schedule E (Form 1040) If you rent buildings, rooms, or apartments, and provide basic services such as heat and light, trash collection, etc. Free 2009 tax software , you normally report your rental income and expenses on Schedule E, Part I. Free 2009 tax software List your total income, expenses, and depreciation for each rental property. Free 2009 tax software Be sure to enter the number of fair rental and personal use days on line 2. Free 2009 tax software If you have more than three rental or royalty properties, complete and attach as many Schedules E as are needed to list the properties. Free 2009 tax software Complete lines 1 and 2 for each property. Free 2009 tax software However, fill in lines 23a through 26 on only one Schedule E. Free 2009 tax software On Schedule E, page 1, line 18, enter the depreciation you are claiming for each property. Free 2009 tax software To find out if you need to attach Form 4562, see Form 4562 , later. Free 2009 tax software If you have a loss from your rental real estate activity, you also may need to complete one or both of the following forms. Free 2009 tax software Form 6198, At-Risk Limitations. Free 2009 tax software See At-Risk Rules , later. Free 2009 tax software Also see Publication 925. Free 2009 tax software Form 8582, Passive Activity Loss Limitations. Free 2009 tax software See Passive Activity Limits , later. Free 2009 tax software Page 2 of Schedule E is used to report income or loss from partnerships, S corporations, estates, trusts, and real estate mortgage investment conduits. Free 2009 tax software If you need to use page 2 of Schedule E, be sure to use page 2 of the same Schedule E you used to enter your rental activity on page 1. Free 2009 tax software Also, include the amount from line 26 (Part I) in the “Total income or (loss)” on line 41 (Part V). Free 2009 tax software Form 4562. Free 2009 tax software   You must complete and attach Form 4562 for rental activities only if you are claiming: Depreciation, including the special depreciation allowance, on property placed in service during 2013; Depreciation on listed property (such as a car), regardless of when it was placed in service; or Any other car expenses, including the standard mileage rate or lease expenses. Free 2009 tax software Otherwise, figure your depreciation on your own worksheet. Free 2009 tax software You do not have to attach these computations to your return, but you should keep them in your records for future reference. Free 2009 tax software   See Publication 946 for information on preparing Form 4562. Free 2009 tax software Schedule C (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Business Generally, Schedule C is used when you provide substantial services in conjunction with the property or the rental is part of a trade or business as a real estate dealer. Free 2009 tax software Providing substantial services. Free 2009 tax software   If you provide substantial services that are primarily for your tenant's convenience, such as regular cleaning, changing linen, or maid service, you report your rental income and expenses on Schedule C (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Business, or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), Net Profit From Business. Free 2009 tax software Use Form 1065, U. Free 2009 tax software S. Free 2009 tax software Return of Partnership Income, if your rental activity is a partnership (including a partnership with your spouse unless it is a qualified joint venture). Free 2009 tax software Substantial services do not include the furnishing of heat and light, cleaning of public areas, trash collection, etc. Free 2009 tax software For information, see Publication 334, Tax Guide for Small Business. Free 2009 tax software Also, you may have to pay self-employment tax on your rental income using Schedule SE (Form 1040), Self-Employment Tax. Free 2009 tax software For a discussion of “substantial services,” see Real Estate Rents in Publication 334, chapter 5. Free 2009 tax software Qualified Joint Venture If you and your spouse each materially participate (see Material participation under Passive Activity Limits, later) as the only members of a jointly owned and operated real estate business, and you file a joint return for the tax year, you can make a joint election to be treated as a qualified joint venture instead of a partnership. Free 2009 tax software This election, in most cases, will not increase the total tax owed on the joint return, but it does give each of you credit for social security earnings on which retirement benefits are based and for Medicare coverage if your rental income is subject to self-employment tax. Free 2009 tax software If you make this election, you must report rental real estate income on Schedule E (or Schedule C if you provide substantial services). Free 2009 tax software You will not be required to file Form 1065 for any year the election is in effect. Free 2009 tax software Rental real estate income generally is not included in net earnings from self-employment subject to self-employment tax and generally is subject to the passive activity limits. Free 2009 tax software If you and your spouse filed a Form 1065 for the year prior to the election, the partnership terminates at the end of the tax year immediately preceding the year the election takes effect. Free 2009 tax software For more information on qualified joint ventures, go to IRS. Free 2009 tax software gov and enter “qualified joint venture” in the search box. Free 2009 tax software Limits on Rental Losses If you have a loss from your rental real estate activity, two sets of rules may limit the amount of loss you can deduct. Free 2009 tax software You must consider these rules in the order shown below. Free 2009 tax software Both are discussed in this section. Free 2009 tax software At-risk rules. Free 2009 tax software These rules are applied first if there is investment in your rental real estate activity for which you are not at risk. Free 2009 tax software This applies only if the real property was placed in service after 1986. Free 2009 tax software Passive activity limits. Free 2009 tax software Generally, rental real estate activities are considered passive activities and losses are not deductible unless you have income from other passive activities to offset them. Free 2009 tax software However, there are exceptions. Free 2009 tax software At-Risk Rules You may be subject to the at-risk rules if you have: A loss from an activity carried on as a trade or business or for the production of income, and Amounts invested in the activity for which you are not fully at risk. Free 2009 tax software Losses from holding real property (other than mineral property) placed in service before 1987 are not subject to the at-risk rules. Free 2009 tax software In most cases, any loss from an activity subject to the at-risk rules is allowed only to the extent of the total amount you have at risk in the activity at the end of the tax year. Free 2009 tax software You are considered at risk in an activity to the extent of cash and the adjusted basis of other property you contributed to the activity and certain amounts borrowed for use in the activity. Free 2009 tax software Any loss that is disallowed because of the at-risk limits is treated as a deduction from the same activity in the next tax year. Free 2009 tax software See Publication 925 for a discussion of the at-risk rules. Free 2009 tax software Form 6198. Free 2009 tax software   If you are subject to the at-risk rules, file Form 6198, At-Risk Limitations, with your tax return. Free 2009 tax software Passive Activity Limits In most cases, all rental real estate activities (except those of certain real estate professionals, discussed later) are passive activities. Free 2009 tax software For this purpose, a rental activity is an activity from which you receive income mainly for the use of tangible property, rather than for services. Free 2009 tax software For a discussion of activities that are not considered rental activities, see Rental Activities in Publication 925. Free 2009 tax software Deductions or losses from passive activities are limited. Free 2009 tax software You generally cannot offset income, other than passive income, with losses from passive activities. Free 2009 tax software Nor can you offset taxes on income, other than passive income, with credits resulting from passive activities. Free 2009 tax software Any excess loss or credit is carried forward to the next tax year. Free 2009 tax software Exceptions to the rules for figuring passive activity limits for personal use of a dwelling unit and for rental real estate with active participation are discussed later. Free 2009 tax software For a detailed discussion of these rules, see Publication 925. Free 2009 tax software Real estate professionals. Free 2009 tax software   If you are a real estate professional, complete line 43 of Schedule E. Free 2009 tax software      You qualify as a real estate professional for the tax year if you meet both of the following requirements. Free 2009 tax software More than half of the personal services you perform in all trades or businesses during the tax year are performed in real property trades or businesses in which you materially participate. Free 2009 tax software You perform more than 750 hours of services during the tax year in real property trades or businesses in which you materially participate. Free 2009 tax software If you qualify as a real estate professional, rental real estate activities in which you materially participated are not passive activities. Free 2009 tax software For purposes of determining whether you materially participated in your rental real estate activities, each interest in rental real estate is a separate activity unless you elect to treat all your interests in rental real estate as one activity. Free 2009 tax software   Do not count personal services you perform as an employee in real property trades or businesses unless you are a 5% owner of your employer. Free 2009 tax software You are a 5% owner if you own (or are considered to own) more than 5% of your employer's outstanding stock, or capital or profits interest. Free 2009 tax software   Do not count your spouse's personal services to determine whether you met the requirements listed earlier to qualify as a real estate professional. Free 2009 tax software However, you can count your spouse's participation in an activity in determining if you materially participated. Free 2009 tax software Real property trades or businesses. Free 2009 tax software   A real property trade or business is a trade or business that does any of the following with real property. Free 2009 tax software Develops or redevelops it. Free 2009 tax software Constructs or reconstructs it. Free 2009 tax software Acquires it. Free 2009 tax software Converts it. Free 2009 tax software Rents or leases it. Free 2009 tax software Operates or manages it. Free 2009 tax software Brokers it. Free 2009 tax software Choice to treat all interests as one activity. Free 2009 tax software   If you were a real estate professional and had more than one rental real estate interest during the year, you can choose to treat all the interests as one activity. Free 2009 tax software You can make this choice for any year that you qualify as a real estate professional. Free 2009 tax software If you forgo making the choice for one year, you can still make it for a later year. Free 2009 tax software   If you make the choice, it is binding for the tax year you make it and for any later year that you are a real estate professional. Free 2009 tax software This is true even if you are not a real estate professional in any intervening year. Free 2009 tax software (For that year, the exception for real estate professionals will not apply in determining whether your activity is subject to the passive activity rules. Free 2009 tax software )   See the Instructions for Schedule E for information about making this choice. Free 2009 tax software Material participation. Free 2009 tax software   Generally, you materially participated in an activity for the tax year if you were involved in its operations on a regular, continuous, and substantial basis during the year. Free 2009 tax software For details, see Publication 925 or the Instructions for Schedule C. Free 2009 tax software Participating spouse. Free 2009 tax software   If you are married, determine whether you materially participated in an activity by also counting any participation in the activity by your spouse during the year. Free 2009 tax software Do this even if your spouse owns no interest in the activity or files a separate return for the year. Free 2009 tax software Form 8582. Free 2009 tax software    You may have to complete Form 8582 to figure the amount of any passive activity loss for the current tax year for all activities and the amount of the passive activity loss allowed on your tax return. Free 2009 tax software See Form 8582 not required , later in this chapter, to determine if you must complete Form 8582. Free 2009 tax software   If you are required to complete Form 8582 and are also subject to the at-risk rules, include the amount from Form 6198, line 21 (deductible loss) in column (b) of Form 8582, Worksheet 1 or 3, as required. Free 2009 tax software Exception for Personal Use of Dwelling Unit If you used the rental property as a home during the year, any income, deductions, gain, or loss allocable to such use shall not be taken into account for purposes of the passive activity loss limitation. Free 2009 tax software Instead, follow the rules explained in chapter 5, Personal Use of Dwelling Unit (Including Vacation Home). Free 2009 tax software Exception for Rental Real Estate With Active Participation If you or your spouse actively participated in a passive rental real estate activity, you may be able to deduct up to $25,000 of loss from the activity from your nonpassive income. Free 2009 tax software This special allowance is an exception to the general rule disallowing losses in excess of income from passive activities. Free 2009 tax software Similarly, you may be able to offset credits from the activity against the tax on up to $25,000 of nonpassive income after taking into account any losses allowed under this exception. Free 2009 tax software Example. Free 2009 tax software Jane is single and has $40,000 in wages, $2,000 of passive income from a limited partnership, and $3,500 of passive loss from a rental real estate activity in which she actively participated. Free 2009 tax software $2,000 of Jane's $3,500 loss offsets her passive income. Free 2009 tax software The remaining $1,500 loss can be deducted from her $40,000 wages. Free 2009 tax software The special allowance is not available if you were married, lived with your spouse at any time during the year, and are filing a separate return. Free 2009 tax software Active participation. Free 2009 tax software   You actively participated in a rental real estate activity if you (and your spouse) owned at least 10% of the rental property and you made management decisions or arranged for others to provide services (such as repairs) in a significant and bona fide sense. Free 2009 tax software Management decisions that may count as active participation include approving new tenants, deciding on rental terms, approving expenditures, and other similar decisions. Free 2009 tax software Example. Free 2009 tax software Mike is single and had the following income and losses during the tax year:   Salary $42,300     Dividends 300     Interest 1,400     Rental loss (4,000)   The rental loss was from the rental of a house Mike owned. Free 2009 tax software Mike had advertised and rented the house to the current tenant himself. Free 2009 tax software He also collected the rents, which usually came by mail. Free 2009 tax software All repairs were either made or contracted out by Mike. Free 2009 tax software Although the rental loss is from a passive activity, because Mike actively participated in the rental property management he can use the entire $4,000 loss to offset his other income. Free 2009 tax software Maximum special allowance. Free 2009 tax software   The maximum special allowance is: $25,000 for single individuals and married individuals filing a joint return for the tax year, $12,500 for married individuals who file separate returns for the tax year and lived apart from their spouses at all times during the tax year, and $25,000 for a qualifying estate reduced by the special allowance for which the surviving spouse qualified. Free 2009 tax software   If your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is $100,000 or less ($50,000 or less if married filing separately), you can deduct your loss up to the amount specified above. Free 2009 tax software If your MAGI is more than $100,000 (more than $50,000 if married filing separately), your special allowance is limited to 50% of the difference between $150,000 ($75,000 if married filing separately) and your MAGI. Free 2009 tax software   Generally, if your MAGI is $150,000 or more ($75,000 or more if you are married filing separately), there is no special allowance. Free 2009 tax software Modified adjusted gross income (MAGI). Free 2009 tax software   This is your adjusted gross income from Form 1040, U. Free 2009 tax software S. Free 2009 tax software Individual Income Tax Return, line 38, or Form 1040NR, U. Free 2009 tax software S. Free 2009 tax software Nonresident Alien Income Tax Return, line 37, figured without taking into account: The taxable amount of social security or equivalent tier 1 railroad retirement benefits, The deductible contributions to traditional individual retirement accounts (IRAs) and section 501(c)(18) pension plans, The exclusion from income of interest from Series EE and I U. Free 2009 tax software S. Free 2009 tax software savings bonds used to pay higher educational expenses, The exclusion of amounts received under an employer's adoption assistance program, Any passive activity income or loss included on Form 8582, Any rental real estate loss allowed to real estate professionals, Any overall loss from a publicly traded partnership (see Publicly Traded Partnerships (PTPs) in the Instructions for Form 8582), The deduction allowed for one-half of self-employment tax, The deduction allowed for interest paid on student loans, The deduction for qualified tuition and related fees, and The domestic production activities deduction (see the Instructions for Form 8903). Free 2009 tax software Form 8582 not required. Free 2009 tax software   Do not complete Form 8582 if you meet all of the following conditions. Free 2009 tax software Your only passive activities were rental real estate activities in which you actively participated. Free 2009 tax software Your overall net loss from these activities is $25,000 or less ($12,500 or less if married filing separately and you lived apart from your spouse all year). Free 2009 tax software If married filing separately, you lived apart from your spouse all year. Free 2009 tax software You have no prior year unallowed losses from these (or any other passive) activities. Free 2009 tax software You have no current or prior year unallowed credits from passive activities. Free 2009 tax software Your MAGI is $100,000 or less ($50,000 or less if married filing separately and you lived apart from your spouse all year). Free 2009 tax software You do not hold any interest in a rental real estate activity as a limited partner or as a beneficiary of an estate or a trust. Free 2009 tax software   If you meet all of the conditions listed above, your rental real estate activities are not limited by the passive activity rules and you do not have to complete Form 8582. Free 2009 tax software On lines 23a through 23e of your Schedule E, enter the applicable amounts. Free 2009 tax software Casualties and Thefts As a result of a casualty or theft, you may have a loss related to your rental property. Free 2009 tax software You may be able to deduct the loss on your income tax return. Free 2009 tax software Casualty. Free 2009 tax software   This is the damage, destruction, or loss of property resulting from an identifiable event that is sudden, unexpected, or unusual. Free 2009 tax software Such events include a storm, fire, or earthquake. Free 2009 tax software Theft. Free 2009 tax software   This is defined as the unlawful taking and removing of your money or property with the intent to deprive you of it. Free 2009 tax software Gain from casualty or theft. Free 2009 tax software   It is also possible to have a gain from a casualty or theft if you receive money, including insurance, that is more than your adjusted basis in the property. Free 2009 tax software Generally, you must report this gain. Free 2009 tax software However, under certain circumstances, you may defer paying tax by choosing to postpone reporting the gain. Free 2009 tax software To do this, you generally must buy replacement property within 2 years after the close of the first tax year in which any part of your gain is realized. Free 2009 tax software In certain circumstances, the replacement period can be greater than 2 years; see Replacement Period in Publication 547 for more information. Free 2009 tax software The cost of the replacement property must be equal to or more than the net insurance or other payment you received. Free 2009 tax software More information. Free 2009 tax software   For information on business and nonbusiness casualty and theft losses, see Publication 547. Free 2009 tax software How to report. Free 2009 tax software    If you had a casualty or theft that involved property used in your rental activity, figure the net gain or loss in Section B of Form 4684, Casualties and Thefts. Free 2009 tax software Follow the Instructions for Form 4684 for where to carry your net gain or loss. Free 2009 tax software Example In February 2008, Marie Pfister bought a rental house for $135,000 (house $120,000 and land $15,000) and immediately began renting it out. Free 2009 tax software In 2013, she rented it all 12 months for a monthly rental fee of $1,125. Free 2009 tax software In addition to her rental income of $13,500 (12 x $1,125), Marie had the following expenses. Free 2009 tax software Mortgage interest $8,000 Fire insurance (1-year policy) 250 Miscellaneous repairs 400 Real estate taxes imposed and paid 500 Maintenance 200 Marie depreciates the residential rental property under MACRS GDS. Free 2009 tax software This means using the straight line method over a recovery period of 27. Free 2009 tax software 5 years. Free 2009 tax software She uses Table 2-2d to find her depreciation percentage. Free 2009 tax software Because she placed the property in service in February 2008, she continues to use that row of Table 2-2d. Free 2009 tax software For year 6, the rate is 3. Free 2009 tax software 636%. Free 2009 tax software Marie figures her net rental income or loss for the house as follows: Total rental income received  ($1,125 × 12) $13,500 Minus: Expenses     Mortgage interest $8,000   Fire insurance 250   Miscellaneous repairs 400   Real estate taxes 500   Maintenance 200   Total expenses 9,350 Balance $4,150 Minus: Depreciation ($120,000 x 3. Free 2009 tax software 636%) 4,363 Net rental (loss) for house ($213)       Marie had a net loss for the year. Free 2009 tax software Because she actively participated in her passive rental real estate activity and her loss was less than $25,000, she can deduct the loss on her return. Free 2009 tax software Marie also meets all of the requirements for not having to file Form 8582. Free 2009 tax software She uses Schedule E, Part I, to report her rental income and expenses. Free 2009 tax software She enters her income, expenses, and depreciation for the house in the column for Property A and enters her loss on line 22. Free 2009 tax software Form 4562 is not required. Free 2009 tax software Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications