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Free 1040ez Filing

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Free 1040ez Filing

Free 1040ez filing 7. Free 1040ez filing   Figuring Gross Profit Table of Contents Introduction Items To Check Testing Gross Profit AccuracyExample. Free 1040ez filing Additions to Gross Profit Introduction After you have figured the gross receipts from your business (chapter 5) and the cost of goods sold (chapter 6), you are ready to figure your gross profit. Free 1040ez filing You must determine gross profit before you can deduct any business expenses. Free 1040ez filing These expenses are discussed in chapter 8. Free 1040ez filing If you are filing Schedule C-EZ, your gross profit is your gross receipts plus certain other amounts, explained later under Additions to Gross Profit. Free 1040ez filing Businesses that sell products. Free 1040ez filing   If you are filing Schedule C, figure your gross profit by first figuring your net receipts. Free 1040ez filing Figure net receipts (line 3) on Schedule C by subtracting any returns and allowances (line 2) from gross receipts (line 1). Free 1040ez filing Returns and allowances include cash or credit refunds you make to customers, rebates, and other allowances off the actual sales price. Free 1040ez filing   Next, subtract the cost of goods sold (line 4) from net receipts (line 3). Free 1040ez filing The result is the gross profit from your business. Free 1040ez filing Businesses that sell services. Free 1040ez filing   You do not have to figure the cost of goods sold if the sale of merchandise is not an income-producing factor for your business. Free 1040ez filing Your gross profit is the same as your net receipts (gross receipts minus any refunds, rebates, or other allowances). Free 1040ez filing Most professions and businesses that sell services rather than products can figure gross profit directly from net receipts in this way. Free 1040ez filing Illustration. Free 1040ez filing   This illustration of the gross profit section of the income statement of a retail business shows how gross profit is figured. Free 1040ez filing Income Statement Year Ended December 31, 2013 Gross receipts $400,000 Minus: Returns and allowances 14,940 Net receipts $385,060 Minus: Cost of goods sold 288,140 Gross profit $96,920   The cost of goods sold for this business is figured as follows: Inventory at beginning of year $37,845 Plus: Purchases $285,900   Minus: Items withdrawn for personal use 2,650 283,250 Goods available for sale $321,095 Minus: Inventory at end of year 32,955 Cost of goods sold $288,140 Items To Check Consider the following items before figuring your gross profit. Free 1040ez filing Gross receipts. Free 1040ez filing   At the end of each business day, make sure your records balance with your actual cash and credit receipts for the day. Free 1040ez filing You may find it helpful to use cash registers to keep track of receipts. Free 1040ez filing You should also use a proper invoicing system and keep a separate bank account for your business. Free 1040ez filing Sales tax collected. Free 1040ez filing   Check to make sure your records show the correct sales tax collected. Free 1040ez filing   If you collect state and local sales taxes imposed on you as the seller of goods or services from the buyer, you must include the amount collected in gross receipts. Free 1040ez filing   If you are required to collect state and local taxes imposed on the buyer and turn them over to state or local governments, you generally do not include these amounts in income. Free 1040ez filing Inventory at beginning of year. Free 1040ez filing   Compare this figure with last year's ending inventory. Free 1040ez filing The two amounts should usually be the same. Free 1040ez filing Purchases. Free 1040ez filing   If you take any inventory items for your personal use (use them yourself, provide them to your family, or give them as personal gifts, etc. Free 1040ez filing ) be sure to remove them from the cost of goods sold. Free 1040ez filing For details on how to adjust cost of goods sold, see Merchandise withdrawn from sale in chapter 6. Free 1040ez filing Inventory at end of year. Free 1040ez filing   Check to make sure your procedures for taking inventory are adequate. Free 1040ez filing These procedures should ensure all items have been included in inventory and proper pricing techniques have been used. Free 1040ez filing   Use inventory forms and adding machine tapes as the only evidence for your inventory. Free 1040ez filing Inventory forms are available at office supply stores. Free 1040ez filing These forms have columns for recording the description, quantity, unit price, and value of each inventory item. Free 1040ez filing Each page has space to record who made the physical count, who priced the items, who made the extensions, and who proofread the calculations. Free 1040ez filing These forms will help satisfy you that the total inventory is accurate. Free 1040ez filing They will also provide you with a permanent record to support its validity. Free 1040ez filing   Inventories are discussed in chapter 2. Free 1040ez filing Testing Gross Profit Accuracy If you are in a retail or wholesale business, you can check the accuracy of your gross profit figure. Free 1040ez filing First, divide gross profit by net receipts. Free 1040ez filing The resulting percentage measures the average spread between the merchandise cost of goods sold and the selling price. Free 1040ez filing Next, compare this percentage to your markup policy. Free 1040ez filing Little or no difference between these two percentages shows that your gross profit figure is accurate. Free 1040ez filing A large difference between these percentages may show that you did not accurately figure sales, purchases, inventory, or other items of cost. Free 1040ez filing You should determine the reason for the difference. Free 1040ez filing Example. Free 1040ez filing   Joe Able operates a retail business. Free 1040ez filing On the average, he marks up his merchandise so that he will realize a gross profit of 331/3% on its sales. Free 1040ez filing The net receipts (gross receipts minus returns and allowances) shown on his income statement is $300,000. Free 1040ez filing His cost of goods sold is $200,000. Free 1040ez filing This results in a gross profit of $100,000 ($300,000 − $200,000). Free 1040ez filing To test the accuracy of this year's results, Joe divides gross profit ($100,000) by net receipts ($300,000). Free 1040ez filing The resulting 331/3% confirms his markup percentage of 331/3%. Free 1040ez filing Additions to Gross Profit If your business has income from a source other than its regular business operations, enter the income on line 6 of Schedule C and add it to gross profit. Free 1040ez filing The result is gross business income. Free 1040ez filing If you use Schedule C-EZ, include the income on line 1 of the schedule. Free 1040ez filing Some examples include income from an interest-bearing checking account, income from scrap sales, income from certain fuel tax credits and refunds, and amounts recovered from bad debts. Free 1040ez filing Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The Free 1040ez Filing

Free 1040ez filing 3. Free 1040ez filing   Investment Expenses Table of Contents Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Limits on DeductionsPassive activity. Free 1040ez filing Other income (nonpassive income). Free 1040ez filing Expenses. Free 1040ez filing Additional information. Free 1040ez filing Interest ExpensesInvestment Interest Limit on Deduction Bond Premium AmortizationSpecial rules to determine amounts payable on a bond. Free 1040ez filing Basis. Free 1040ez filing How To Figure Amortization Choosing To Amortize How To Report Amortization Expenses of Producing IncomeFees to buy or sell. Free 1040ez filing Including mutual fund or REMIC expenses in income. Free 1040ez filing Nondeductible ExpensesUsed as collateral. Free 1040ez filing Short-sale expenses. Free 1040ez filing Expenses for both tax-exempt and taxable income. Free 1040ez filing State income taxes. Free 1040ez filing Nondeductible amount. Free 1040ez filing Basis adjustment. Free 1040ez filing How To Report Investment Expenses When To Report Investment Expenses Topics - This chapter discusses: Limits on Deductions , Interest Expenses , Bond Premium Amortization , Expenses of Producing Income , Nondeductible Expenses , How To Report Investment Expenses , and When To Report Investment Expenses . Free 1040ez filing Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 535 Business Expenses 925 Passive Activity and At-Risk Rules 929 Tax Rules for Children and Dependents Form (and Instructions) Schedule A (Form 1040) Itemized Deductions 4952 Investment Interest Expense Deduction See chapter 5, How To Get Tax Help , for information about getting these publications and forms. Free 1040ez filing Limits on Deductions Your deductions for investment expenses may be limited by: The at-risk rules, The passive activity loss limits, The limit on investment interest, or The 2% limit on certain miscellaneous itemized deductions. Free 1040ez filing The at-risk rules and passive activity rules are explained briefly in this section. Free 1040ez filing The limit on investment interest is explained later in this chapter under Interest Expenses . Free 1040ez filing The 2% limit is explained later in this chapter under Expenses of Producing Income . Free 1040ez filing At-risk rules. Free 1040ez filing   Special at-risk rules apply to most income-producing activities. Free 1040ez filing These rules limit the amount of loss you can deduct to the amount you risk losing in the activity. Free 1040ez filing Generally, this is the cash and the adjusted basis of property you contribute to the activity. Free 1040ez filing It also includes money you borrow for use in the activity if you are personally liable for repayment or if you use property not used in the activity as security for the loan. Free 1040ez filing For more information, see Publication 925. Free 1040ez filing Passive activity losses and credits. Free 1040ez filing   The amount of losses and tax credits you can claim from passive activities is limited. Free 1040ez filing Generally, you are allowed to deduct passive activity losses only up to the amount of your passive activity income. Free 1040ez filing Also, you can use credits from passive activities only against tax on the income from passive activities. Free 1040ez filing There are exceptions for certain activities, such as rental real estate activities. Free 1040ez filing Passive activity. Free 1040ez filing   A passive activity generally is any activity involving the conduct of any trade or business in which you do not materially participate and any rental activity. Free 1040ez filing However, if you are involved in renting real estate, the activity is not a passive activity if both of the following are true. Free 1040ez filing More than one-half of the personal services you perform during the year in all trades or businesses are performed in real property trades or businesses in which you materially participate. Free 1040ez filing You perform more than 750 hours of services during the year in real property trades or businesses in which you materially participate. Free 1040ez filing  The term “trade or business” generally means any activity that involves the conduct of a trade or business, is conducted in anticipation of starting a trade or business, or involves certain research or experimental expenditures. Free 1040ez filing However, it does not include rental activities or certain activities treated as incidental to holding property for investment. Free 1040ez filing   You are considered to materially participate in an activity if you are involved on a regular, continuous, and substantial basis in the operations of the activity. Free 1040ez filing Other income (nonpassive income). Free 1040ez filing    Generally, you can use losses from passive activities only to offset income from passive activities. Free 1040ez filing You cannot use passive activity losses to offset your other income, such as your wages or your portfolio income. Free 1040ez filing Portfolio income includes gross income from interest, dividends, annuities, or royalties that is not derived in the ordinary course of a trade or business. Free 1040ez filing It also includes gains or losses (not derived in the ordinary course of a trade or business) from the sale or trade of property (other than an interest in a passive activity) producing portfolio income or held for investment. Free 1040ez filing This includes capital gain distributions from mutual funds (and other regulated investment companies) and real estate investment trusts. Free 1040ez filing   You cannot use passive activity losses to offset Alaska Permanent Fund dividends. Free 1040ez filing Expenses. Free 1040ez filing   Do not include in the computation of your passive activity income or loss: Expenses (other than interest) that are clearly and directly allocable to your portfolio income, or Interest expense properly allocable to portfolio income. Free 1040ez filing However, this interest and other expenses may be subject to other limits. Free 1040ez filing These limits are explained in the rest of this chapter. Free 1040ez filing Additional information. Free 1040ez filing   For more information about determining and reporting income and losses from passive activities, see Publication 925. Free 1040ez filing Interest Expenses This section discusses interest expenses you may be able to deduct as an investor. Free 1040ez filing For information on business interest, see chapter 4 of Publication 535. Free 1040ez filing You cannot deduct personal interest expenses other than qualified home mortgage interest, as explained in Publication 936, Home Mortgage Interest Deduction, and interest on certain student loans, as explained in Publication 970. Free 1040ez filing Investment Interest If you borrow money to buy property you hold for investment, the interest you pay is investment interest. Free 1040ez filing You can deduct investment interest subject to the limit discussed later. Free 1040ez filing However, you cannot deduct interest you incurred to produce tax-exempt income. Free 1040ez filing See Tax-exempt income under Nondeductible Expenses, later. Free 1040ez filing You also cannot deduct interest expenses on straddles discussed under Interest expense and carrying charges on straddles , later. Free 1040ez filing Investment interest does not include any qualified home mortgage interest or any interest taken into account in computing income or loss from a passive activity. Free 1040ez filing Investment property. Free 1040ez filing   Property held for investment includes property that produces interest, dividends, annuities, or royalties not derived in the ordinary course of a trade or business. Free 1040ez filing It also includes property that produces gain or loss (not derived in the ordinary course of a trade or business) from the sale or trade of property producing these types of income or held for investment (other than an interest in a passive activity). Free 1040ez filing Investment property also includes an interest in a trade or business activity in which you did not materially participate (other than a passive activity). Free 1040ez filing Partners, shareholders, and beneficiaries. Free 1040ez filing   To determine your investment interest, combine your share of investment interest from a partnership, S corporation, estate, or trust with your other investment interest. Free 1040ez filing Allocation of Interest Expense If you borrow money for business or personal purposes as well as for investment, you must allocate the debt among those purposes. Free 1040ez filing Only the interest expense on the part of the debt used for investment purposes is treated as investment interest. Free 1040ez filing The allocation is not affected by the use of property that secures the debt. Free 1040ez filing Example 1. Free 1040ez filing You borrow $10,000 and use $8,000 to buy stock. Free 1040ez filing You use the other $2,000 to buy items for your home. Free 1040ez filing Since 80% of the debt is used for, and allocated to, investment purposes, 80% of the interest on that debt is investment interest. Free 1040ez filing The other 20% is nondeductible personal interest. Free 1040ez filing Debt proceeds received in cash. Free 1040ez filing   If you receive debt proceeds in cash, the proceeds are generally not treated as investment property. Free 1040ez filing Debt proceeds deposited in account. Free 1040ez filing   If you deposit debt proceeds in an account, that deposit is treated as investment property, regardless of whether the account bears interest. Free 1040ez filing But, if you withdraw the funds and use them for another purpose, you must reallocate the debt to determine the amount considered to be for investment purposes. Free 1040ez filing Example 2. Free 1040ez filing Assume in Example 1 that you borrowed the money on March 1 and immediately bought the stock for $8,000. Free 1040ez filing You did not buy the household items until June 1. Free 1040ez filing You had deposited the $2,000 in the bank. Free 1040ez filing You had no other transactions on the bank account until June. Free 1040ez filing You did not sell the stock, and you made no principal payments on the debt. Free 1040ez filing You paid interest from another account. Free 1040ez filing The $8,000 is treated as being used for an investment purpose. Free 1040ez filing The $2,000 is treated as being used for an investment purpose for the 3-month period. Free 1040ez filing Your total interest expense for 3 months on this debt is investment interest. Free 1040ez filing In June, when you spend the $2,000 for household items, you must begin to allocate 80% of the debt and the interest expense to investment purposes and 20% to personal purposes. Free 1040ez filing Amounts paid within 30 days. Free 1040ez filing   If you receive loan proceeds in cash or if the loan proceeds are deposited in an account, you can treat any payment (up to the amount of the proceeds) made from any account you own, or from cash, as made from those proceeds. Free 1040ez filing This applies to any payment made within 30 days before or after the proceeds are received in cash or deposited in your account. Free 1040ez filing   If you received the loan proceeds in cash, you can treat the payment as made on the date you received the cash instead of the date you actually made the payment. Free 1040ez filing Payments on debt may require new allocation. Free 1040ez filing   As you repay a debt used for more than one purpose, you must reallocate the balance. Free 1040ez filing You must first reduce the amount allocated to personal purposes by the repayment. Free 1040ez filing You then reallocate the rest of the debt to find what part is for investment purposes. Free 1040ez filing Example 3. Free 1040ez filing If, in Example 2 , you repay $500 on November 1, the entire repayment is applied against the amount allocated to personal purposes. Free 1040ez filing The debt balance is now allocated as $8,000 for investment purposes and $1,500 for personal purposes. Free 1040ez filing Until the next reallocation is necessary, 84% ($8,000 ÷ $9,500) of the debt and the interest expense is allocated to investment. Free 1040ez filing Pass-through entities. Free 1040ez filing   If you use borrowed funds to buy an interest in a partnership or S corporation, then the interest on those funds must be allocated based on the assets of the entity. Free 1040ez filing If you contribute to the capital of the entity, you can make the allocation using any reasonable method. Free 1040ez filing Additional allocation rules. Free 1040ez filing   For more information about allocating interest expense, see chapter 4 of Publication 535. Free 1040ez filing When To Deduct Investment Interest If you use the cash method of accounting, you must pay the interest before you can deduct it. Free 1040ez filing If you use an accrual method of accounting, you can deduct interest over the period it accrues, regardless of when you pay it. Free 1040ez filing For an exception, see Unpaid expenses owed to related party under When To Report Investment Expenses, later in this chapter. Free 1040ez filing Example. Free 1040ez filing You borrowed $1,000 on August 26, 2013, payable in 90 days at 12% interest. Free 1040ez filing On November 26, 2013, you paid this with a new note for $1,030, due on February 26, 2014. Free 1040ez filing If you use the cash method of accounting, you cannot deduct any part of the $30 interest on your return for 2013 because you did not actually pay it. Free 1040ez filing If you use an accrual method, you may be able to deduct a portion of the interest on the loans through December 31, 2013, on your return for 2013. Free 1040ez filing Interest paid in advance. Free 1040ez filing   Generally, if you pay interest in advance for a period that goes beyond the end of the tax year, you must spread the interest over the tax years to which it belongs under the OID rules discussed in chapter 1. Free 1040ez filing You can deduct in each year only the interest for that year. Free 1040ez filing Interest on margin accounts. Free 1040ez filing   If you are a cash method taxpayer, you can deduct interest on margin accounts to buy taxable securities as investment interest in the year you paid it. Free 1040ez filing You are considered to have paid interest on these accounts only when you actually pay the broker or when payment becomes available to the broker through your account. Free 1040ez filing Payment may become available to the broker through your account when the broker collects dividends or interest for your account, or sells securities held for you or received from you. Free 1040ez filing   You cannot deduct any interest on money borrowed for personal reasons. Free 1040ez filing Limit on interest deduction for market discount bonds. Free 1040ez filing   The amount you can deduct for interest expense you paid or accrued during the year to buy or carry a market discount bond may be limited. Free 1040ez filing This limit does not apply if you accrue the market discount and include it in your income currently. Free 1040ez filing   Under this limit, the interest is deductible only to the extent it is more than: The total interest and OID includible in gross income for the bond for the year, plus The market discount for the number of days you held the bond during the year. Free 1040ez filing Figure the amount in (2) above using the rules for figuring accrued market discount in chapter 1 under Market Discount Bonds . Free 1040ez filing Interest not deducted due to limit. Free 1040ez filing   In the year you dispose of the bond, you can deduct any interest expense you were not allowed to deduct in earlier years because of the limit. Free 1040ez filing Choosing to deduct disallowed interest expense before the year of disposition. Free 1040ez filing   You can choose to deduct disallowed interest expense in any year before the year you dispose of the bond, up to your net interest income from the bond during the year. Free 1040ez filing The rest of the disallowed interest expense remains deductible in the year you dispose of the bond. Free 1040ez filing Net interest income. Free 1040ez filing   This is the interest income (including OID) from the bond that you include in income for the year, minus the interest expense paid or accrued during the year to purchase or carry the bond. Free 1040ez filing Limit on interest deduction for short-term obligations. Free 1040ez filing   If the current income inclusion rules discussed in chapter 1 under Discount on Short-Term Obligations do not apply to you, the amount you can deduct for interest expense you paid or accrued during the year to buy or carry a short-term obligation is limited. Free 1040ez filing   The interest is deductible only to the extent it is more than: The amount of acquisition discount or OID on the obligation for the tax year, plus The amount of any interest payable on the obligation for the year that is not included in income because of your accounting method (other than interest taken into account in determining the amount of acquisition discount or OID). Free 1040ez filing The method of determining acquisition discount and OID for short-term obligations is discussed in chapter 1 under Discount on Short-Term Obligations . Free 1040ez filing Interest not deducted due to limit. Free 1040ez filing   In the year you dispose of the obligation, or, if you choose, in another year in which you have net interest income from the obligation, you can deduct any interest expense you were not allowed to deduct for an earlier year because of the limit. Free 1040ez filing Follow the same rules provided in the earlier discussion under Limit on interest deduction for market discount bonds , earlier. Free 1040ez filing Limit on Deduction Generally, your deduction for investment interest expense is limited to your net investment income. Free 1040ez filing You can carry over the amount of investment interest you could not deduct because of this limit to the next tax year. Free 1040ez filing The interest carried over is treated as investment interest paid or accrued in that next year. Free 1040ez filing You can carry over disallowed investment interest to the next tax year even if it is more than your taxable income in the year the interest was paid or accrued. Free 1040ez filing Net Investment Income Determine the amount of your net investment income by subtracting your investment expenses (other than interest expense) from your investment income. Free 1040ez filing Investment income. Free 1040ez filing   This generally includes your gross income from property held for investment (such as interest, dividends, annuities, and royalties). Free 1040ez filing Investment income does not include Alaska Permanent Fund dividends. Free 1040ez filing It also does not include qualified dividends or net capital gain unless you choose to include them. Free 1040ez filing Choosing to include qualified dividends. Free 1040ez filing   Investment income generally does not include qualified dividends, discussed in chapter 1. Free 1040ez filing However, you can choose to include all or part of your qualified dividends in investment income. Free 1040ez filing   You make this choice by completing Form 4952, line 4g, according to its instructions. Free 1040ez filing   If you choose to include any of your qualified dividends in investment income, you must reduce your qualified dividends that are eligible for the lower capital gains tax rates by the same amount. Free 1040ez filing Choosing to include net capital gain. Free 1040ez filing    Investment income generally does not include net capital gain from disposing of investment property (including capital gain distributions from mutual funds). Free 1040ez filing However, you can choose to include all or part of your net capital gain in investment income. Free 1040ez filing   You make this choice by completing Form 4952, line 4g, according to its instructions. Free 1040ez filing   If you choose to include any of your net capital gain in investment income, you must reduce your net capital gain that is eligible for the lower capital gains tax rates by the same amount. Free 1040ez filing   For more information about the capital gains rates, see Capital Gain Tax Rates in chapter 4. Free 1040ez filing    Before making either choice, consider the overall effect on your tax liability. Free 1040ez filing Compare your tax if you make one or both of these choices with your tax if you do not. Free 1040ez filing Investment income of child reported on parent's return. Free 1040ez filing   Investment income includes the part of your child's interest and dividend income you choose to report on your return. Free 1040ez filing If the child does not have qualified dividends, Alaska Permanent Fund dividends, or capital gain distributions, this is the amount on line 6 of Form 8814. Free 1040ez filing Include it on line 4a of Form 4952. Free 1040ez filing Example. Free 1040ez filing Your 8-year-old son has interest income of $2,200, which you choose to report on your own return. Free 1040ez filing You enter $2,200 on Form 8814, lines 1a and 4, and $200 on lines 6 and 12 and complete Part II. Free 1040ez filing Also enter $200 on Form 1040, line 21. Free 1040ez filing Your investment income includes this $200. Free 1040ez filing Child's qualified dividends. Free 1040ez filing   If part of the amount you report is your child's qualified dividends, that part (which is reported on Form 1040, line 9b) generally does not count as investment income. Free 1040ez filing However, you can choose to include all or part of it in investment income, as explained under Choosing to include qualified dividends , earlier. Free 1040ez filing   Your investment income also includes the amount on Form 8814, line 12 (or, if applicable, the reduced amount figured next under Child's Alaska Permanent Fund dividends). Free 1040ez filing Child's Alaska Permanent Fund dividends. Free 1040ez filing   If part of the amount you report is your child's Alaska Permanent Fund dividends, that part does not count as investment income. Free 1040ez filing To figure the amount of your child's income that you can consider your investment income, start with the amount on Form 8814, line 6. Free 1040ez filing Multiply that amount by a percentage that is equal to the Alaska Permanent Fund dividends divided by the total amount on Form 8814, line 4. Free 1040ez filing Subtract the result from the amount on Form 8814, line 12. Free 1040ez filing Example. Free 1040ez filing Your 10-year-old child has taxable interest income of $4,000 and Alaska Permanent Fund dividends of $2,000. Free 1040ez filing You choose to report this on your return. Free 1040ez filing You enter $4,000 on Form 8814, line 1a, $2,000 on line 2a, and $6,000 on line 4. Free 1040ez filing You then enter $4,000 on Form 8814, lines 6 and 12, and Form 1040, line 21. Free 1040ez filing You figure the amount of your child's income that you can consider your investment income as follows: $4,000 − ($4,000 × ($2,000 ÷ $6,000)) = $2,667 You include the result, $2,667, on Form 4952, line 4a. Free 1040ez filing Child's capital gain distributions. Free 1040ez filing   If part of the amount you report is your child's capital gain distributions, that part (which is reported on Schedule D (Form 1040), line 13, or Form 1040, line 13) generally does not count as investment income. Free 1040ez filing However, you can choose to include all or part of it in investment income, as explained in Choosing to include net capital gain , earlier. Free 1040ez filing   Your investment income also includes the amount on Form 8814, line 12 (or, if applicable, the reduced amount figured under Child's Alaska Permanent Fund dividends , earlier). Free 1040ez filing Investment expenses. Free 1040ez filing   Investment expenses are your allowed deductions (other than interest expense) directly connected with the production of investment income. Free 1040ez filing Investment expenses that are included as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040) are allowable deductions after applying the 2% limit that applies to miscellaneous itemized deductions. Free 1040ez filing Use the smaller of: The investment expenses included on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23, or The amount on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 27. Free 1040ez filing See Expenses of Producing Income , later, for a discussion of the 2% limit. Free 1040ez filing Losses from passive activities. Free 1040ez filing   Income or expenses that you used in computing income or loss from a passive activity are not included in determining your investment income or investment expenses (including investment interest expense). Free 1040ez filing See Publication 925 for information about passive activities. Free 1040ez filing Example. Free 1040ez filing Ted is a partner in a partnership that operates a business. Free 1040ez filing However, he does not materially participate in the partnership's business. Free 1040ez filing Ted's interest in the partnership is considered a passive activity. Free 1040ez filing Ted's investment income from interest and dividends (other than qualified dividends) is $10,000. Free 1040ez filing His investment expenses (other than interest) are $3,200 after taking into account the 2% limit on miscellaneous itemized deductions. Free 1040ez filing His investment interest expense is $8,000. Free 1040ez filing Ted also has income from the partnership of $2,000. Free 1040ez filing Ted figures his net investment income and the limit on his investment interest expense deduction in the following way: Total investment income $10,000 Minus: Investment expenses (other than interest) 3,200 Net investment income $6,800 Deductible investment interest expense for the year $6,800 The $2,000 of income from the passive activity is not used in determining Ted's net investment income. Free 1040ez filing His investment interest deduction for the year is limited to $6,800, the amount of his net investment income. Free 1040ez filing Form 4952 Use Form 4952 to figure your deduction for investment interest. Free 1040ez filing See Form 4952 for more information. Free 1040ez filing Exception to use of Form 4952. Free 1040ez filing   You do not have to complete Form 4952 or attach it to your return if you meet all of the following tests. Free 1040ez filing Your investment interest expense is not more than your investment income from interest and ordinary dividends minus any qualified dividends. Free 1040ez filing You do not have any other deductible investment expenses. Free 1040ez filing You have no carryover of investment interest expense from 2012. Free 1040ez filing   If you meet all of these tests, you can deduct all of your investment interest. Free 1040ez filing    Bond Premium Amortization If you pay a premium to buy a bond, the premium is part of your basis in the bond. Free 1040ez filing If the bond yields taxable interest, you can choose to amortize the premium. Free 1040ez filing This generally means that each year, over the life of the bond, you use a part of the premium to reduce the amount of interest includible in your income. Free 1040ez filing If you make this choice, you must reduce your basis in the bond by the amortization for the year. Free 1040ez filing If the bond yields tax-exempt interest, you must amortize the premium. Free 1040ez filing This amortized amount is not deductible in determining taxable income. Free 1040ez filing However, each year you must reduce your basis in the bond (and tax-exempt interest otherwise reportable on Form 1040, line 8b) by the amortization for the year. Free 1040ez filing Bond premium. Free 1040ez filing   Bond premium is the amount by which your basis in the bond right after you get it is more than the total of all amounts payable on the bond after you get it (other than payments of qualified stated interest). Free 1040ez filing For example, a bond with a maturity value of $1,000 generally would have a $50 premium if you buy it for $1,050. Free 1040ez filing Special rules to determine amounts payable on a bond. Free 1040ez filing   For special rules that apply to determine the amounts payable on a variable rate bond, an inflation-indexed debt instrument, a bond that provides for certain alternative payment schedules (for example, a bond callable prior to the stated maturity date of the bond), or a bond that provides for remote or incidental contingencies, see Regulations section 1. Free 1040ez filing 171-3. Free 1040ez filing Basis. Free 1040ez filing   In general, your basis for figuring bond premium amortization is the same as your basis for figuring any loss on the sale of the bond. Free 1040ez filing However, you may need to use a different basis for: Convertible bonds, Bonds you got in a trade, and Bonds whose basis has to be determined using the basis of the person who transferred the bond to you. Free 1040ez filing See Regulations section 1. Free 1040ez filing 171-1(e). Free 1040ez filing Dealers. Free 1040ez filing   A dealer in taxable bonds (or anyone who holds them mainly for sale to customers in the ordinary course of a trade or business or who would properly include bonds in inventory at the close of the tax year) cannot claim a deduction for amortizable bond premium. Free 1040ez filing   See section 75 of the Internal Revenue Code for the treatment of bond premium by a dealer in tax-exempt bonds. Free 1040ez filing How To Figure Amortization For bonds issued after September 27, 1985, you must amortize bond premium using a constant yield method on the basis of the bond's yield to maturity, determined by using the bond's basis and compounding at the close of each accrual period. Free 1040ez filing Constant yield method. Free 1040ez filing   Figure the bond premium amortization for each accrual period as follows. Free 1040ez filing Step 1: Determine your yield. Free 1040ez filing   Your yield is the discount rate that, when used in figuring the present value of all remaining payments to be made on the bond (including payments of qualified stated interest), produces an amount equal to your basis in the bond. Free 1040ez filing Figure the yield as of the date you got the bond. Free 1040ez filing It must be constant over the term of the bond and must be figured to at least two decimal places when expressed as a percentage. Free 1040ez filing   If you do not know the yield, consult your broker or tax advisor. Free 1040ez filing Databases available to them are likely to show the yield at the date of purchase. Free 1040ez filing Step 2: Determine the accrual periods. Free 1040ez filing   You can choose the accrual periods to use. Free 1040ez filing They may be of any length and may vary in length over the term of the bond, but each accrual period can be no longer than 1 year and each scheduled payment of principal or interest must occur either on the first or the final day of an accrual period. Free 1040ez filing The computation is simplest if accrual periods are the same as the intervals between interest payment dates. Free 1040ez filing Step 3: Determine the bond premium for the accrual period. Free 1040ez filing   To do this, multiply your adjusted acquisition price at the beginning of the accrual period by your yield. Free 1040ez filing Then subtract the result from the qualified stated interest for the period. Free 1040ez filing   Your adjusted acquisition price at the beginning of the first accrual period is the same as your basis. Free 1040ez filing After that, it is your basis decreased by the amount of bond premium amortized for earlier periods and the amount of any payment previously made on the bond other than a payment of qualified stated interest. Free 1040ez filing Example. Free 1040ez filing On February 1, 2012, you bought a taxable bond for $110,000. Free 1040ez filing The bond has a stated principal amount of $100,000, payable at maturity on February 1, 2019, making your premium $10,000 ($110,000 − $100,000). Free 1040ez filing The bond pays qualified stated interest of $10,000 on February 1 of each year. Free 1040ez filing Your yield is 8. Free 1040ez filing 07439% compounded annually. Free 1040ez filing You choose to use annual accrual periods ending on February 1 of each year. Free 1040ez filing To find your bond premium amortization for the accrual period ending on February 1, 2013, you multiply the adjusted acquisition price at the beginning of the period ($110,000) by your yield. Free 1040ez filing When you subtract the result ($8,881. Free 1040ez filing 83) from the qualified stated interest for the period ($10,000), you find that your bond premium amortization for the period is $1,118. Free 1040ez filing 17. Free 1040ez filing Special rules to figure amortization. Free 1040ez filing   For special rules to figure the bond premium amortization on a variable rate bond, an inflation-indexed debt instrument, a bond that provides for certain alternative payment schedules (for example, a bond callable prior to the stated maturity date of the bond), or a bond that provides for remote or incidental contingencies, see Regulations section 1. Free 1040ez filing 171-3. Free 1040ez filing Bonds Issued Before September 28, 1985 For these bonds, you can amortize bond premium using any reasonable method. Free 1040ez filing Reasonable methods include: The straight-line method, and The Revenue Ruling 82-10 method. Free 1040ez filing Straight-line method. Free 1040ez filing   Under this method, the amount of your bond premium amortization is the same each month. Free 1040ez filing Divide the number of months you held the bond during the year by the number of months from the beginning of the tax year (or, if later, the date of acquisition) to the date of maturity or earlier call date. Free 1040ez filing Then multiply the result by the bond premium (reduced by any bond premium amortization claimed in earlier years). Free 1040ez filing This gives you your bond premium amortization for the year. Free 1040ez filing Revenue Ruling 82-10 method. Free 1040ez filing   Under this method, the amount of your bond premium amortization increases each month over the life of the bond. Free 1040ez filing This method is explained in Revenue Ruling 82-10, 1982-1 C. Free 1040ez filing B. Free 1040ez filing 46. Free 1040ez filing Choosing To Amortize You choose to amortize the premium on taxable bonds by reporting the amortization for the year on your income tax return for the first tax year you want the choice to apply. Free 1040ez filing You should attach a statement to your return that you are making this choice under section 171. Free 1040ez filing See How To Report Amortization, next. Free 1040ez filing This choice is binding for the year you make it and for later tax years. Free 1040ez filing It applies to all taxable bonds you own in the year you make the choice and also to those you acquire in later years. Free 1040ez filing You can change your decision to amortize bond premium only with the written approval of the IRS. Free 1040ez filing To request approval, use Form 3115. Free 1040ez filing For more information on requesting approval, see section 5 of the Appendix to Revenue Procedure 2011-14 in Internal Revenue Bulletin 2011-4. Free 1040ez filing You can find Revenue Procedure 2011-14 at www. Free 1040ez filing irs. Free 1040ez filing gov/irb/2011-04_IRB/ar08. Free 1040ez filing html. Free 1040ez filing How To Report Amortization Subtract the bond premium amortization from your interest income from these bonds. Free 1040ez filing Report the bond's interest on Schedule B (Form 1040A or 1040), line 1. Free 1040ez filing Under your last entry on line 1, put a subtotal of all interest listed on line 1. Free 1040ez filing Below this subtotal, print “ABP Adjustment,” and the total interest you received. Free 1040ez filing Subtract this amount from the subtotal, and enter the result on line 2. Free 1040ez filing Bond premium amortization more than interest. Free 1040ez filing   If the amount of your bond premium amortization for an accrual period is more than the qualified stated interest for the period, you can deduct the difference as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 28. Free 1040ez filing    But your deduction is limited to the amount by which your total interest inclusions on the bond in prior accrual periods is more than your total bond premium deductions on the bond in prior periods. Free 1040ez filing Any amount you cannot deduct because of this limit can be carried forward to the next accrual period. Free 1040ez filing Pre-1998 election to amortize bond premium. Free 1040ez filing   Generally, if you first elected to amortize bond premium before 1998, the above treatment of the premium does not apply to bonds you acquired before 1988. Free 1040ez filing Bonds acquired before October 23, 1986. Free 1040ez filing   The amortization of the premium on these bonds is a miscellaneous itemized deduction not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. Free 1040ez filing Bonds acquired after October 22, 1986, but before 1988. Free 1040ez filing    The amortization of the premium on these bonds is investment interest expense subject to the investment interest limit, unless you choose to treat it as an offset to interest income on the bond. Free 1040ez filing Expenses of Producing Income You deduct investment expenses (other than interest expenses) as miscellaneous itemized deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). Free 1040ez filing To be deductible, these expenses must be ordinary and necessary expenses paid or incurred: To produce or collect income, or To manage property held for producing income. Free 1040ez filing The expenses must be directly related to the income or income-producing property, and the income must be taxable to you. Free 1040ez filing The deduction for most income-producing expenses is subject to a 2% limit that also applies to certain other miscellaneous itemized deductions. Free 1040ez filing The amount deductible is limited to the total of these miscellaneous deductions that is more than 2% of your adjusted gross income. Free 1040ez filing For information on how to report expenses of producing income, see How To Report Investment Expenses , later. Free 1040ez filing Attorney or accounting fees. Free 1040ez filing   You can deduct attorney or accounting fees that are necessary to produce or collect taxable income. Free 1040ez filing However, in some cases, attorney or accounting fees are part of the basis of property. Free 1040ez filing See Basis of Investment Property in chapter 4. Free 1040ez filing Automatic investment service and dividend reinvestment plans. Free 1040ez filing   A bank may offer its checking account customers an automatic investment service so that, for a charge, each customer can choose to invest a part of the checking account each month in common stock. Free 1040ez filing Or a bank that is a dividend disbursing agent for a number of publicly-owned corporations may set up an automatic dividend reinvestment service. Free 1040ez filing Through that service, cash dividends are reinvested in more shares of stock after the bank deducts a service charge. Free 1040ez filing   A corporation in which you own stock also may have a dividend reinvestment plan. Free 1040ez filing This plan lets you choose to use your dividends to buy more shares of stock in the corporation instead of receiving the dividends in cash. Free 1040ez filing   You can deduct the monthly service charge you pay to a bank to participate in an automatic investment service. Free 1040ez filing If you participate in a dividend reinvestment plan, you can deduct any service charge subtracted from your cash dividends before the dividends are used to buy more shares of stock. Free 1040ez filing Deduct the charges in the year you pay them. Free 1040ez filing Clerical help and office rent. Free 1040ez filing   You can deduct office expenses, such as rent and clerical help, you incurred in connection with your investments and collecting the taxable income on your investments. Free 1040ez filing Cost of replacing missing securities. Free 1040ez filing   To replace your taxable securities that are mislaid, lost, stolen, or destroyed, you may have to post an indemnity bond. Free 1040ez filing You can deduct the premium you pay to buy the indemnity bond and the related incidental expenses. Free 1040ez filing   You may, however, get a refund of part of the bond premium if the missing securities are recovered within a specified time. Free 1040ez filing Under certain types of insurance policies, you can recover some of the expenses. Free 1040ez filing   If you receive the refund in the tax year you pay the amounts, you can deduct only the difference between the expenses paid and the amount refunded. Free 1040ez filing If the refund is made in a later tax year, you must include the refund in income in the year you received it, but only to the extent that the expenses decreased your tax in the year you deducted them. Free 1040ez filing Fees to collect income. Free 1040ez filing   You can deduct fees you pay to a broker, bank, trustee, or similar agent to collect investment income, such as your taxable bond or mortgage interest, or your dividends on shares of stock. Free 1040ez filing Fees to buy or sell. Free 1040ez filing   You cannot deduct a fee you pay to a broker to acquire investment property, such as stocks or bonds. Free 1040ez filing You must add the fee to the cost of the property. Free 1040ez filing See Basis of Investment Property in chapter 4. Free 1040ez filing    You cannot deduct any broker's fees, commissions, or option premiums you pay (or that were netted out) in connection with the sale of investment property. Free 1040ez filing They can be used only to figure gain or loss from the sale. Free 1040ez filing See Reporting Capital Gains and Losses , in chapter 4, for more information about the treatment of these sale expenses. Free 1040ez filing Investment counsel and advice. Free 1040ez filing   You can deduct fees you pay for counsel and advice about investments that produce taxable income. Free 1040ez filing This includes amounts you pay for investment advisory services. Free 1040ez filing Safe deposit box rent. Free 1040ez filing   You can deduct rent you pay for a safe deposit box if you use the box to store taxable income-producing stocks, bonds, or other investment-related papers and documents. Free 1040ez filing If you also use the box to store tax-exempt securities or personal items, you can deduct only part of the rent. Free 1040ez filing See Tax-exempt income under Nondeductible Expenses, later, to figure what part you can deduct. Free 1040ez filing State and local transfer taxes. Free 1040ez filing   You cannot deduct the state and local transfer taxes you pay when you buy or sell securities. Free 1040ez filing If you pay these transfer taxes when you buy securities, you must treat them as part of the cost of the property. Free 1040ez filing If you pay these transfer taxes when you sell securities, you must treat them as a reduction in the amount realized. Free 1040ez filing Trustee's commissions for revocable trust. Free 1040ez filing   If you set up a revocable trust and have its income distributed to you, you can deduct the commission you pay the trustee for managing the trust to the extent it is to produce or collect taxable income or to manage property. Free 1040ez filing However, you cannot deduct any part of the commission used for producing or collecting tax-exempt income or for managing property that produces tax-exempt income. Free 1040ez filing   If you are a cash-basis taxpayer and pay the commissions for several years in advance, you must deduct a part of the commission each year. Free 1040ez filing You cannot deduct the entire amount in the year you pay it. Free 1040ez filing Investment expenses from pass-through entities. Free 1040ez filing   If you hold an interest in a partnership, S corporation, real estate mortgage investment conduit (REMIC), or a nonpublicly offered mutual fund, you can deduct your share of that entity's investment expenses. Free 1040ez filing A partnership or S corporation will show your share of these expenses on your Schedule K-1 (Form 1065) or Schedule K-1 (Form 1120S). Free 1040ez filing A nonpublicly offered mutual fund will indicate your share of these expenses in box 5 of Form 1099-DIV (or substitute statement). Free 1040ez filing Publicly-offered mutual funds are discussed later. Free 1040ez filing   If you hold an interest in a REMIC, any expenses relating to your residual interest investment will be shown on Schedule Q (Form 1066), line 3b. Free 1040ez filing Any expenses relating to your regular interest investment will appear in box 5 of Form 1099-INT (or substitute statement) or box 9 of Form 1099-OID (or substitute statement). Free 1040ez filing   Report your share of these investment expenses on Schedule A (Form 1040), subject to the 2% limit, in the same manner as your other investment expenses. Free 1040ez filing Including mutual fund or REMIC expenses in income. Free 1040ez filing   Your share of the investment expenses of a REMIC or a nonpublicly offered mutual fund, as described above, are considered to be indirect deductions through that pass-through entity. Free 1040ez filing You must include in your gross income an amount equal to the expenses allocated to you, whether or not you are able to claim a deduction for those expenses. Free 1040ez filing If you are a shareholder in a nonpublicly offered mutual fund, you must include on your return the full amount of ordinary dividends or other distributions of stock, as shown in box 1a of Form 1099-DIV (or substitute statement). Free 1040ez filing If you are a residual interest holder in a REMIC, you must report as ordinary income on Schedule E (Form 1040) the total amounts shown on Schedule Q (Form 1066), lines 1b and 3b. Free 1040ez filing If you are a REMIC regular interest holder, you must include the amount of any expense allocation you received on Form 1040, line 8a. Free 1040ez filing Publicly-offered mutual funds. Free 1040ez filing   Most mutual funds are publicly offered. Free 1040ez filing These mutual funds, generally, are traded on an established securities exchange. Free 1040ez filing These funds do not pass investment expenses through to you. Free 1040ez filing Instead, the dividend income they report to you in box 1a of Form 1099-DIV (or substitute statement) is already reduced by your share of investment expenses. Free 1040ez filing As a result, you cannot deduct the expenses on your return. Free 1040ez filing   Include the amount from box 1a of Form 1099-DIV (or substitute statement) in your income. Free 1040ez filing    A publicly offered mutual fund is one that: Is continuously offered pursuant to a public offering, Is regularly traded on an established securities market, and Is held by or for no fewer than 500 persons at any time during the year. Free 1040ez filing Contact your mutual fund if you are not sure whether it is publicly offered. Free 1040ez filing Nondeductible Expenses Some expenses that you incur as an investor are not deductible. Free 1040ez filing Stockholders' meetings. Free 1040ez filing   You cannot deduct transportation and other expenses you pay to attend stockholders' meetings of companies in which you have no interest other than owning stock. Free 1040ez filing This is true even if your purpose in attending is to get information that would be useful in making further investments. Free 1040ez filing Investment-related seminar. Free 1040ez filing   You cannot deduct expenses for attending a convention, seminar, or similar meeting for investment purposes. Free 1040ez filing Single-premium life insurance, endowment, and annuity contracts. Free 1040ez filing   You cannot deduct interest on money you borrow to buy or carry a single-premium life insurance, endowment, or annuity contract. Free 1040ez filing Used as collateral. Free 1040ez filing   If you use a single premium annuity contract as collateral to obtain or continue a mortgage loan, you cannot deduct any interest on the loan that is collateralized by the annuity contract. Free 1040ez filing Figure the amount of interest expense disallowed by multiplying the current interest rate on the mortgage loan by the lesser of the amount of the annuity contract used as collateral or the amount of the loan. Free 1040ez filing Borrowing on insurance. Free 1040ez filing   Generally, you cannot deduct interest on money you borrow to buy or carry a life insurance, endowment, or annuity contract if you plan to systematically borrow part or all of the increases in the cash value of the contract. Free 1040ez filing This rule applies to the interest on the total amount borrowed to buy or carry the contract, not just the interest on the borrowed increases in the cash value. Free 1040ez filing Tax-exempt income. Free 1040ez filing   You cannot deduct expenses you incur to produce tax-exempt income. Free 1040ez filing Nor can you deduct interest on money you borrow to buy tax-exempt securities or shares in a mutual fund or other regulated investment company that distributes only exempt-interest dividends. Free 1040ez filing Short-sale expenses. Free 1040ez filing   The rule disallowing a deduction for interest expenses on tax-exempt securities applies to amounts you pay in connection with personal property used in a short sale or amounts paid by others for the use of any collateral in connection with the short sale. Free 1040ez filing However, it does not apply to the expenses you incur if you deposit cash as collateral for the property used in the short sale and the cash does not earn a material return during the period of the sale. Free 1040ez filing Short sales are discussed in Short Sales in chapter 4. Free 1040ez filing Expenses for both tax-exempt and taxable income. Free 1040ez filing   You may have expenses that are for both tax-exempt and taxable income. Free 1040ez filing If you cannot specifically identify what part of the expenses is for each type of income, you can divide the expenses, using reasonable proportions based on facts and circumstances. Free 1040ez filing You must attach a statement to your return showing how you divided the expenses and stating that each deduction claimed is not based on tax-exempt income. Free 1040ez filing   One accepted method for dividing expenses is to do it in the same proportion that each type of income is to the total income. Free 1040ez filing If the expenses relate in part to capital gains and losses, include the gains, but not the losses, in figuring this proportion. Free 1040ez filing To find the part of the expenses that is for the tax-exempt income, divide your tax-exempt income by the total income and multiply your expenses by the result. Free 1040ez filing Example. Free 1040ez filing You received $6,000 interest; $4,800 was tax-exempt and $1,200 was taxable. Free 1040ez filing In earning this income, you had $500 of expenses. Free 1040ez filing You cannot specifically identify the amount of each expense item that is for each income item, so you must divide your expenses. Free 1040ez filing 80% ($4,800 tax-exempt interest divided by $6,000 total interest) of your expenses is for the tax-exempt income. Free 1040ez filing You cannot deduct $400 (80% of $500) of the expenses. Free 1040ez filing You can deduct $100 (the rest of the expenses) because they are for the taxable interest. Free 1040ez filing State income taxes. Free 1040ez filing   If you itemize your deductions, you can deduct, as taxes, state income taxes on interest income that is exempt from federal income tax. Free 1040ez filing But you cannot deduct, as either taxes or investment expenses, state income taxes on other exempt income. Free 1040ez filing Interest expense and carrying charges on straddles. Free 1040ez filing   You cannot deduct interest and carrying charges allocable to personal property that is part of a straddle. Free 1040ez filing The nondeductible interest and carrying charges are added to the basis of the straddle property. Free 1040ez filing However, this treatment does not apply if: All the offsetting positions making up the straddle either consist of one or more qualified covered call options and the optioned stock, or consist of section 1256 contracts (and the straddle is not part of a larger straddle); or The straddle is a hedging transaction. Free 1040ez filing  For information about straddles, including definitions of the terms used in this discussion, see Straddles in chapter 4. Free 1040ez filing   Interest includes any amount you pay or incur in connection with personal property used in a short sale. Free 1040ez filing However, you must first apply the rules discussed in Payments in lieu of dividends under Short Sales in chapter 4. Free 1040ez filing   To determine the interest on market discount bonds and short-term obligations that are part of a straddle, you must first apply the rules discussed under Limit on interest deduction for market discount bonds and Limit on interest deduction for short-term obligations (both under Interest Expenses, earlier). Free 1040ez filing Nondeductible amount. Free 1040ez filing   Figure the nondeductible interest and carrying charges on straddle property as follows. Free 1040ez filing Add: Interest on indebtedness incurred or continued to buy or carry the personal property, and All other amounts (including charges to insure, store, or transport the personal property) paid or incurred to carry the personal property. Free 1040ez filing Subtract from the amount in (1): Interest (including OID) includible in gross income for the year on the personal property, Any income from the personal property treated as ordinary income on the disposition of short-term government obligations or as ordinary income under the market discount and short-term bond provisions — see Discount on Debt Instruments in chapter 1, The dividends includible in gross income for the year from the personal property, and Any payment on a loan of the personal property for use in a short sale that is includible in gross income. Free 1040ez filing Basis adjustment. Free 1040ez filing   Add the nondeductible amount to the basis of your straddle property. Free 1040ez filing How To Report Investment Expenses To deduct your investment expenses, you must itemize deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040). Free 1040ez filing Enter your deductible investment interest expense on Schedule A (Form1040), line 14. Free 1040ez filing Include any deductible short sale expenses. Free 1040ez filing (See Short Sales in chapter 4 for information on these expenses. Free 1040ez filing ) Also attach a completed Form 4952 if you used that form to figure your investment interest expense. Free 1040ez filing Enter the total amount of your other investment expenses (other than interest expenses) on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23. Free 1040ez filing List the type and amount of each expense on the dotted lines next to line 23. Free 1040ez filing (If necessary, you can show the required information on an attached statement. Free 1040ez filing ) For information on how to report amortizable bond premium, see Bond Premium Amortization , earlier in this chapter. Free 1040ez filing When To Report Investment Expenses If you use the cash method to report income and expenses, you generally deduct your expenses, except for certain prepaid interest, in the year you pay them. Free 1040ez filing If you use an accrual method, you generally deduct your expenses when you incur a liability for them, rather than when you pay them. Free 1040ez filing Also see When To Deduct Investment Interest , earlier in this chapter. Free 1040ez filing Unpaid expenses owed to related party. Free 1040ez filing   If you use an accrual method, you cannot deduct interest and other expenses owed to a related cash-basis person until payment is made and the amount is includible in the gross income of that person. Free 1040ez filing The relationship, for purposes of this rule, is determined as of the end of the tax year for which the interest or expense would otherwise be deductible. Free 1040ez filing If a deduction is denied under this rule, this rule will continue to apply even if your relationship with the person ceases to exist before the amount is includible in the gross income of that person. Free 1040ez filing   This rule generally applies to those relationships listed in chapter 4 under Related Party Transactions . Free 1040ez filing It also applies to accruals by partnerships to partners, partners to partnerships, shareholders to S corporations, and S corporations to shareholders. Free 1040ez filing   The postponement of deductions for unpaid expenses and interest under the related party rule does not apply to OID, regardless of when payment is made. Free 1040ez filing This rule also does not apply to loans with below-market interest rates or to certain payments for the use of property and services when the lender or recipient has to include payments periodically in income, even if a payment has not been made. Free 1040ez filing Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications