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Find state tax return 1. Find state tax return   403(b) Plan Basics Table of Contents What Is a 403(b) Plan? What Are the Benefits of Contributing to a 403(b) Plan?Excluded. Find state tax return Deducted. Find state tax return Who Can Participate in a 403(b) Plan?Ministers. Find state tax return Who Can Set Up a 403(b) Account? How Can Contributions Be Made to My 403(b) Account? Do I Report Contributions on My Tax Return? How Much Can Be Contributed to My 403(b) Account? This chapter introduces you to 403(b) plans and accounts. Find state tax return Specifically, the chapter answers the following questions. Find state tax return What is a 403(b) plan? What are the benefits of contributing to a 403(b) plan? Who can participate in a 403(b) plan? Who can set up a 403(b) account? How can contributions be made to my 403(b) account? Do I report contributions on my tax return? How much can be contributed to my 403(b) account? What Is a 403(b) Plan? A 403(b) plan, also known as a tax-sheltered annuity (TSA) plan, is a retirement plan for certain employees of public schools, employees of certain tax-exempt organizations, and certain ministers. Find state tax return Individual accounts in a 403(b) plan can be any of the following types. Find state tax return An annuity contract, which is a contract provided through an insurance company, A custodial account, which is an account invested in mutual funds, or A retirement income account set up for church employees. Find state tax return Generally, retirement income accounts can invest in either annuities or mutual funds. Find state tax return We use the term “403(b) account” to refer to any one of these funding arrangements throughout this publication, unless otherwise specified. Find state tax return What Are the Benefits of Contributing to a 403(b) Plan?  There are three benefits to contributing to a 403(b) plan. Find state tax return The first benefit is that you do not pay income tax on allowable contributions until you begin making withdrawals from the plan, usually after you retire. Find state tax return Allowable contributions to a 403(b) plan are either excluded or deducted from your income. Find state tax return However, if your contributions are made to a Roth contribution program, this benefit does not apply. Find state tax return Instead, you pay income tax on the contributions to the plan but distributions from the plan (if certain requirements are met) are tax free. Find state tax return Note. Find state tax return Generally, employees must pay social security and Medicare tax on their contributions to a 403(b) plan, including those made under a salary reduction agreement. Find state tax return See chapter 4, Limit on Elective Deferrals , for more information. Find state tax return The second benefit is that earnings and gains on amounts in your 403(b) account are not taxed until you withdraw them. Find state tax return Earnings and gains on amounts in a Roth contribution program are not taxed if your withdrawals are qualified distributions. Find state tax return Otherwise, they are taxed when you withdraw them. Find state tax return The third benefit is that you may be eligible to take a credit for elective deferrals contributed to your 403(b) account. Find state tax return See chapter 10, Retirement Savings Contributions Credit (Saver's Credit) . Find state tax return Excluded. Find state tax return   If an amount is excluded from your income, it is not included in your total wages on your Form W-2. Find state tax return This means that you do not report the excluded amount on your tax return. Find state tax return Deducted. Find state tax return   If an amount is deducted from your income, it is included with your other wages on your Form W-2. Find state tax return You report this amount on your tax return, but you are allowed to subtract it when figuring the amount of income on which you must pay tax. Find state tax return Who Can Participate in a 403(b) Plan? Any eligible employee can participate in a 403(b) plan. Find state tax return Eligible employees. Find state tax return   The following employees are eligible to participate in a 403(b) plan. Find state tax return Employees of tax-exempt organizations established under section 501(c)(3). Find state tax return These organizations are usually referred to as section 501(c)(3) organizations or simply 501(c)(3) organizations. Find state tax return Employees of public school systems who are involved in the day-to-day operations of a school. Find state tax return Employees of cooperative hospital service organizations. Find state tax return Civilian faculty and staff of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. Find state tax return Employees of public school systems organized by Indian tribal governments. Find state tax return Certain ministers (explained next). Find state tax return Ministers. Find state tax return   The following ministers are eligible employees for whom a 403(b) account can be established. Find state tax return Ministers employed by section 501(c)(3) organizations. Find state tax return Self-employed ministers. Find state tax return A self-employed minister is treated as employed by a tax-exempt organization that is a qualified employer. Find state tax return Ministers (chaplains) who meet both of the following requirements. Find state tax return They are employed by organizations that are not section 501(c)(3) organizations. Find state tax return They function as ministers in their day-to-day professional responsibilities with their employers. Find state tax return   Throughout this publication, the term chaplain will be used to mean ministers described in the third category in the list above. Find state tax return Example. Find state tax return A minister employed as a chaplain by a state-run prison and a chaplain in the United States Armed Forces are eligible employees because their employers are not section 501(c)(3) organizations and they are employed as ministers. Find state tax return Who Can Set Up a 403(b) Account? You cannot set up your own 403(b) account. Find state tax return Only employers can set up 403(b) accounts. Find state tax return A self-employed minister cannot set up a 403(b) account for his or her benefit. Find state tax return If you are a self-employed minister, only the organization (denomination) with which you are associated can set up an account for your benefit. Find state tax return How Can Contributions Be Made to My 403(b) Account? Generally, only your employer can make contributions to your 403(b) account. Find state tax return However, some plans will allow you to make after-tax contributions (defined below). Find state tax return The following types of contributions can be made to 403(b) accounts. Find state tax return Elective deferrals . Find state tax return These are contributions made under a salary reduction agreement. Find state tax return This agreement allows your employer to withhold money from your paycheck to be contributed directly into a 403(b) account for your benefit. Find state tax return Except for Roth contributions, you do not pay income tax on these contributions until you withdraw them from the account. Find state tax return If your contributions are Roth contributions, you pay taxes on your contributions but any qualified distributions from your Roth account are tax free. Find state tax return Nonelective contributions . Find state tax return These are employer contributions that are not made under a salary reduction agreement. Find state tax return Nonelective contributions include matching contributions, discretionary contributions, and mandatory contributions from your employer. Find state tax return You do not pay income tax on these contributions until you withdraw them from the account. Find state tax return After-tax contributions . Find state tax return These are contributions (that are not Roth contributions) you make with funds that you must include in income on your tax return. Find state tax return A salary payment on which income tax has been withheld is a source of these contributions. Find state tax return If your plan allows you to make after-tax contributions, they are not excluded from income and you cannot deduct them on your tax return. Find state tax return A combination of any of the three contribution types listed above. Find state tax return Self-employed minister. Find state tax return   If you are a self-employed minister, you are considered both an employee and an employer, and you can contribute to a retirement income account for your own benefit. Find state tax return Do I Report Contributions on My Tax Return? Generally, you do not report contributions to your 403(b) account (except Roth contributions) on your tax return. Find state tax return Your employer will report contributions on your 2013 Form W-2. Find state tax return Elective deferrals will be shown in box 12 and the Retirement plan box will be checked in box 13. Find state tax return If you are a self-employed minister or chaplain, see the discussions next. Find state tax return Self-employed ministers. Find state tax return   If you are a self-employed minister, you must report the total contributions as a deduction on your tax return. Find state tax return Deduct your contributions on line 28 of the 2013 Form 1040. Find state tax return Chaplains. Find state tax return   If you are a chaplain and your employer does not exclude contributions made to your 403(b) account from your earned income, you may be able to take a deduction for those contributions on your tax return. Find state tax return    However, if your employer has agreed to exclude the contributions from your earned income, you will not be allowed a deduction on your tax return. Find state tax return   If you can take a deduction, include your contributions on line 36 of the 2013 Form 1040. Find state tax return Enter the amount of your deduction and write “403(b)” on the dotted line next to line 36. Find state tax return How Much Can Be Contributed to My 403(b) Account? There are limits on the amount of contributions that can be made to your 403(b) account each year. Find state tax return If contributions made to your 403(b) account are more than these contribution limits, penalties may apply. Find state tax return Chapters 2 through 6 provide information on how to determine the amount that can be contributed to your 403(b) account. Find state tax return Worksheets are provided in Chapter 9 to help you determine the maximum amount that can be contributed to your 403(b) account each year. Find state tax return Chapter 7, Excess Contributions , describes how to prevent excess contributions and how to get an excess contribution corrected. Find state tax return Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Find state tax return Publication 521 - Main Content Table of Contents Who Can Deduct Moving ExpensesMove Related to Start of Work Distance Test Time Test Retirees or Survivors Who Move to the United States Deductible Moving ExpensesMoves to Locations in the United States Moves to Locations Outside the United States Nondeductible Expenses ReimbursementsTypes of Reimbursement Plans Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax How and When To ReportForm 3903 When To Deduct Expenses Illustrated Example Members of the Armed Forces How To Get Tax Help Who Can Deduct Moving Expenses You can deduct your moving expenses if you meet all three of the following requirements. Find state tax return Your move is closely related to the start of work. Find state tax return You meet the distance test. Find state tax return You meet the time test. Find state tax return After you have read these rules, you may want to use Figure B to help you decide if you can deduct your moving expenses. Find state tax return Retirees, survivors, and Armed Forces members. Find state tax return   Different rules may apply if you are a member of the Armed Forces or a retiree or survivor moving to the United States. Find state tax return These rules are discussed later in this publication. Find state tax return Move Related to Start of Work Your move must be closely related, both in time and in place, to the start of work at your new job location. Find state tax return Closely related in time. Find state tax return   In most cases, you can consider moving expenses incurred within 1 year from the date you first reported to work at the new location as closely related in time to the start of work. Find state tax return It is not necessary that you arrange to work before moving to a new location, as long as you actually go to work in that location. Find state tax return    Figure A. Find state tax return Illustration of Distance Test Please click here for the text description of the image. Find state tax return Figure A   If you do not move within 1 year of the date you begin work, you ordinarily cannot deduct the expenses unless you can show that circumstances existed that prevented the move within that time. Find state tax return Example. Find state tax return Your family moved more than a year after you started work at a new location. Find state tax return You delayed the move for 18 months to allow your child to complete high school. Find state tax return You can deduct your moving expenses. Find state tax return Closely related in place. Find state tax return   You can generally consider your move closely related in place to the start of work if the distance from your new home to the new job location is not more than the distance from your former home to the new job location. Find state tax return If your move does not meet this requirement, you may still be able to deduct moving expenses if you can show that: You are required to live at your new home as a condition of your employment, or You will spend less time or money commuting from your new home to your new job location. Find state tax return Home defined. Find state tax return   Your home means your main home (residence). Find state tax return It can be a house, apartment, condominium, houseboat, house trailer, or similar dwelling. Find state tax return It does not include other homes owned or kept up by you or members of your family. Find state tax return It also does not include a seasonal home, such as a summer beach cottage. Find state tax return Your former home means your home before you left for your new job location. Find state tax return Your new home means your home within the area of your new job location. Find state tax return Retirees or survivors. Find state tax return   You may be able to deduct the expenses of moving to the United States or its possessions even though the move is not related to the start of work at a new job location. Find state tax return You must have worked outside the United States or be a survivor of someone who did. Find state tax return See Retirees or Survivors Who Move to the United States, later. Find state tax return Distance Test Your move will meet the distance test if your new main job location is at least 50 miles farther from your former home than your old main job location was from your former home. Find state tax return For example, if your old main job location was 3 miles from your former home, your new main job location must be at least 53 miles from that former home. Find state tax return You can use Worksheet 1 to see if you meet this test. Find state tax return Worksheet 1. Find state tax return Distance Test   Note. Find state tax return Members of the Armed Forces may not have to meet this test. Find state tax return See Members of the Armed Forces. Find state tax return     1. Find state tax return Enter the number of miles from your old home to your new workplace 1. Find state tax return miles 2. Find state tax return Enter the number of miles from your old home to your old workplace 2. Find state tax return miles 3. Find state tax return Subtract line 2 from line 1. Find state tax return If zero or less, enter -0- 3. Find state tax return miles 4. Find state tax return Is line 3 at least 50 miles? □ Yes. Find state tax return You meet this test. Find state tax return  □ No. Find state tax return You do not meet this test. Find state tax return You cannot deduct your moving expenses. Find state tax return The distance between a job location and your home is the shortest of the more commonly traveled routes between them. Find state tax return The distance test considers only the location of your former home. Find state tax return It does not take into account the location of your new home. Find state tax return See Figure A, earlier. Find state tax return Example. Find state tax return You moved to a new home less than 50 miles from your former home because you changed main job locations. Find state tax return Your old main job location was 3 miles from your former home. Find state tax return Your new main job location is 60 miles from that home. Find state tax return Because your new main job location is 57 miles farther from your former home than the distance from your former home to your old main job location, you meet the distance test. Find state tax return First job or return to full-time work. Find state tax return   If you go to work full time for the first time, your place of work must be at least 50 miles from your former home to meet the distance test. Find state tax return   If you go back to full-time work after a substantial period of part-time work or unemployment, your place of work also must be at least 50 miles from your former home. Find state tax return Armed Forces. Find state tax return   If you are in the Armed Forces and you moved because of a permanent change of station, you do not have to meet the distance test. Find state tax return See Members of the Armed Forces, later. Find state tax return Main job location. Find state tax return   Your main job location is usually the place where you spend most of your working time. Find state tax return This could be your office, plant, store, shop, or other location. Find state tax return If there is no one place where you spend most of your working time, your main job location is the place where your work is centered, such as where you report for work or are otherwise required to “base” your work. Find state tax return Union members. Find state tax return   If you work for several employers on a short-term basis and you get work under a union hall system (such as a construction or building trades worker), your main job location is the union hall. Find state tax return More than one job. Find state tax return   If you have more than one job at any time, your main job location depends on the facts in each case. Find state tax return The more important factors to be considered are: The total time you spend at each place, The amount of work you do at each place, and How much money you earn at each place. Find state tax return    Table 1. Find state tax return Satisfying the Time Test for Employees and Self-Employed Persons IF you are. Find state tax return . Find state tax return . Find state tax return THEN you satisfy the time test by meeting the. Find state tax return . Find state tax return . Find state tax return an employee 39-week test for employees. Find state tax return self-employed 78-week test for self-employed persons. Find state tax return both self-employed and an employee at the same time 78-week test for a self-employed person or the 39-week  test for an employee. Find state tax return Your principal place of work  determines which test applies. Find state tax return both self-employed and an employee, but unable to satisfy the 39-week test for employees 78-week test for self-employed persons. Find state tax return Time Test To deduct your moving expenses, you also must meet one of the following two time tests. Find state tax return The time test for employees. Find state tax return The time test for self-employed persons. Find state tax return Both of these tests are explained below. Find state tax return See Table 1, below, for a summary of these tests. Find state tax return You can deduct your moving expenses before you meet either of the time tests. Find state tax return See Time Test Not Yet Met, later. Find state tax return Time Test for Employees If you are an employee, you must work full time for at least 39 weeks during the first 12 months after you arrive in the general area of your new job location (39-week test). Find state tax return Full-time employment depends on what is usual for your type of work in your area. Find state tax return For purposes of this test, the following four rules apply. Find state tax return You count only your full-time work as an employee, not any work you do as a self-employed person. Find state tax return You do not have to work for the same employer for all 39 weeks. Find state tax return You do not have to work 39 weeks in a row. Find state tax return You must work full time within the same general commuting area for all 39 weeks. Find state tax return Temporary absence from work. Find state tax return   You are considered to have worked full time during any week you are temporarily absent from work because of illness, strikes, lockouts, layoffs, natural disasters, or similar causes. Find state tax return You are also considered to have worked full time during any week you are absent from work for leave or vacation provided for in your work contract or agreement. Find state tax return Seasonal work. Find state tax return   If your work is seasonal, you are considered to be working full time during the off-season only if your work contract or agreement covers an off-season period of less than 6 months. Find state tax return For example, a school teacher on a 12-month contract who teaches on a full-time basis for more than 6 months is considered to have worked full time for the entire 12 months. Find state tax return    Figure B. Find state tax return Can You Deduct Expenses for a Non-Military Move Within the United States? Please click here for the text description of the image. Find state tax return Figure B Time Test for Self-Employed Persons If you are self-employed, you must work full time for at least 39 weeks during the first 12 months and for a total of at least 78 weeks during the first 24 months after you arrive in the general area of your new job location (78-week test). Find state tax return For purposes of the time test for self-employed persons, the following three rules apply. Find state tax return You count any full-time work you do either as an employee or as a self-employed person. Find state tax return You do not have to work for the same employer or be self-employed in the same trade or business for the 78 weeks. Find state tax return You must work within the same general commuting area for all 78 weeks. Find state tax return Example. Find state tax return You are a self-employed accountant who moves from Atlanta to New York City, and begin to work there on December 1, 2013. Find state tax return You pay moving expenses in 2013 and 2014 in connection with this move. Find state tax return On April 15, 2014, when you file your income tax return for the year 2013, you have been performing services as a self-employed individual on a full-time basis in New York City for approximately 20 weeks. Find state tax return Although you have not satisfied the 78-week employment condition at this time, you can deduct your 2013 moving expenses on your 2013 income tax return as there is still sufficient time remaining before December 1, 2015, to satisfy such condition. Find state tax return You can deduct any moving expenses you pay in 2014 on your 2014 income tax return even if you have not met the 78-week test. Find state tax return You have until December 1, 2015, to satisfy this requirement. Find state tax return Self-employment. Find state tax return   You are self-employed if you work as the sole owner of an unincorporated business or as a partner in a partnership carrying on a business. Find state tax return You are not considered self-employed if you are semi-retired, are a part-time student, or work only a few hours each week. Find state tax return Full-time work. Find state tax return   You can count only those weeks during which you work full time as a week of work. Find state tax return Whether you work full time during any week depends on what is usual for your type of work in your area. Find state tax return For example, you are a self-employed dentist and maintain office hours 4 days a week. Find state tax return You are considered to perform services full time if maintaining office hours 4 days a week is not unusual for other self-employed dentists in your area. Find state tax return Temporary absence from work. Find state tax return   You are considered to be self-employed on a full-time basis during any week you are temporarily absent from work because of illness, strikes, natural disasters, or similar causes. Find state tax return Seasonal trade or business. Find state tax return   If your trade or business is seasonal, the off-season weeks when no work is required or available may be counted as weeks during which you worked full time. Find state tax return The off-season must be less than 6 months and you must work full time before and after the off-season. Find state tax return Example. Find state tax return You own and operate a motel at a beach resort. Find state tax return The motel is closed for 5 months during the off-season. Find state tax return You work full time as the operator of the motel before and after the off-season. Find state tax return You are considered self-employed on a full-time basis during the weeks of the off-season. Find state tax return   If you were both an employee and self-employed, see Table 1 earlier, for the requirements. Find state tax return Example. Find state tax return Justin quit his job and moved from the east coast to the west coast to begin a full-time job as a cabinet-maker for C and L Cabinet Shop. Find state tax return He generally worked at the shop about 40 hours each week. Find state tax return Shortly after the move, Justin also began operating a cabinet-installation business from his home for several hours each afternoon and all day on weekends. Find state tax return Because Justin's principal place of business is the cabinet shop, he can satisfy the time test by meeting the 39-week test. Find state tax return    If Justin is unable to satisfy the requirements of the 39-week test during the 12-month period immediately following his arrival in the general location of his new principal place of work, he can satisfy the 78-week test. Find state tax return Joint Return If you are married, file a joint return, and both you and your spouse work full-time, either of you can satisfy the full-time work test. Find state tax return However, you cannot add the weeks your spouse worked to the weeks you worked to satisfy that test. Find state tax return Time Test Not Yet Met You can deduct your moving expenses on your 2013 tax return even though you have not met the time test by the date your 2013 return is due. Find state tax return You can do this if you expect to meet the 39-week test in 2014 or the 78-week test in 2014 or 2015. Find state tax return If you do not deduct your moving expenses on your 2013 return, and you later meet the time test, you can file an amended return for 2013 to take the deduction. Find state tax return See When To Deduct Expenses later, for more details. Find state tax return Failure to meet the time test. Find state tax return    If you deduct moving expenses but do not meet the time test in 2014 or 2015, you must either: Report your moving expense deduction as other income on your Form 1040 for the year you cannot meet the test, or Use Form 1040X to amend your 2013 return, figuring your tax without the moving expense deduction. Find state tax return Example. Find state tax return You arrive in the general area of your new job location, as an employee, on September 15, 2013. Find state tax return You deduct your moving expenses on your 2013 return, the year of the move, even though you have not yet met the time test by the date your return is due. Find state tax return If you do not meet the 39-week test during the 12-month period following your arrival in the general area of your new job location, you must either: Report your moving expense deduction as other income on your Form 1040 for 2014, or Use Form 1040X to amend your 2013 return, figuring your tax without the moving expense deduction. Find state tax return Exceptions to the Time Test You do not have to meet the time test if one of the following applies. Find state tax return You are in the Armed Forces and you moved because of a permanent change of station. Find state tax return See Members of the Armed Forces , later. Find state tax return Your main job location was outside the United States and you moved to the United States because you retired. Find state tax return See Retirees or Survivors Who Move to the United States, later. Find state tax return You are the survivor of a person whose main job location at the time of death was outside the United States. Find state tax return See Retirees or Survivors Who Move to the United States, later. Find state tax return Your job at the new location ends because of death or disability. Find state tax return You are transferred for your employer's benefit or laid off for a reason other than willful misconduct. Find state tax return For this exception, you must have obtained full-time employment and you must have expected to meet the test at the time you started the job. Find state tax return Retirees or Survivors Who Move to the United States If you are a retiree who was working abroad or a survivor of a decedent who was working abroad and you move to the United States or one of its possessions, you do not have to meet the time test, discussed earlier. Find state tax return However, you must meet the requirements discussed below under Retirees who were working abroad or Survivors of decedents who were working abroad. Find state tax return If you are living in the United States, retire, and then move and remain retired, you cannot claim a moving expense deduction for that move. Find state tax return United States defined. Find state tax return   For this section of this publication, the term “United States” includes the possessions of the United States. Find state tax return Retirees who were working abroad. Find state tax return   You can deduct moving expenses for a move to a new home in the United States when you permanently retire. Find state tax return However, both your former main job location and your former home must have been outside the United States. Find state tax return Permanently retired. Find state tax return   You are considered permanently retired when you cease gainful full-time employment or self-employment. Find state tax return If, at the time you retire, you intend your retirement to be permanent, you will be considered retired even though you later return to work. Find state tax return Your intention to retire permanently may be determined by: Your age and health, The customary retirement age for people who do similar work, Whether you receive retirement payments from a pension or retirement fund, and The length of time before you return to full-time work. Find state tax return Decedents. Find state tax return   Qualified deductible moving expenses are allowed on a final return (Form 1040 or 1040NR) when a taxpayer has moved and dies within the same calendar year. Find state tax return The personal representative filing on behalf of that taxpayer should complete and attach Form 3903 to the final return. Find state tax return   A personal representative can be an executor, administrator, or anyone who is in charge of the deceased person's property. Find state tax return For more information, see Publication 559, Survivors, Executors, and Administrators. Find state tax return Survivors of decedents who were working abroad. Find state tax return   If you are the spouse or the dependent of a person whose main job location at the time of death was outside the United States, you can deduct moving expenses if the following five requirements are met. Find state tax return The move is to a home in the United States. Find state tax return The move begins within 6 months after the decedent's death. Find state tax return (When a move begins is described below. Find state tax return ) The move is from the decedent's former home. Find state tax return The decedent's former home was outside the United States. Find state tax return The decedent's former home was also your home. Find state tax return When a move begins. Find state tax return   A move begins when one of the following events occurs. Find state tax return You contract for your household goods and personal effects to be moved to your home in the United States, but only if the move is completed within a reasonable time. Find state tax return Your household goods and personal effects are packed and on the way to your home in the United States. Find state tax return You leave your former home to travel to your new home in the United States. Find state tax return Deductible Moving Expenses If you meet the requirements discussed earlier under Who Can Deduct Moving Expenses, you can deduct the reasonable expenses of: Moving your household goods and personal effects (including in-transit or foreign-move storage expenses), and Traveling (including lodging but not meals) to your new home. Find state tax return You cannot deduct any expenses for meals. Find state tax return Reasonable expenses. Find state tax return   You can deduct only those expenses that are reasonable for the circumstances of your move. Find state tax return For example, the cost of traveling from your former home to your new one should be by the shortest, most direct route available by conventional transportation. Find state tax return If during your trip to your new home, you stop over, or make side trips for sightseeing, the additional expenses for your stopover or side trips are not deductible as moving expenses. Find state tax return Example. Find state tax return Beth's employer transferred her from Boston, Massachusetts, to Buffalo, New York. Find state tax return On her way to Buffalo, Beth drove into Canada to visit the Toronto Zoo. Find state tax return Since Beth's excursion into Canada was away from the usual Boston-Buffalo route, the expenses paid or incurred for the excursion are not deductible. Find state tax return Beth can only deduct what it would have cost to drive directly from Boston to Buffalo. Find state tax return Likewise, Beth cannot deduct any expenses, such as the cost of a hotel room, caused by the delay for sightseeing. Find state tax return Travel by car. Find state tax return   If you use your car to take yourself, members of your household, or your personal effects to your new home, you can figure your expenses by deducting either: Your actual expenses, such as the amount you pay for gas and oil for your car, if you keep an accurate record of each expense, or The standard mileage rate of 24 cents per mile. Find state tax return Whether you use actual expenses or the standard mileage rate to figure your expenses, you can deduct the parking fees and tolls you pay to move. Find state tax return You cannot deduct any part of general repairs, general maintenance, insurance, or depreciation for your car. Find state tax return Member of your household. Find state tax return   You can deduct moving expenses you pay for yourself and members of your household. Find state tax return A member of your household is anyone who has both your former and new home as his or her home. Find state tax return It does not include a tenant or employee, unless that person is your dependent. Find state tax return Moves to Locations in the United States If you meet the requirements under Who Can Deduct Moving Expenses, earlier, you can deduct expenses for a move to the area of a new main job location within the United States or its possessions. Find state tax return Your move may be from one U. Find state tax return S. Find state tax return location to another or from a foreign country to the United States. Find state tax return Household goods and personal effects. Find state tax return   You can deduct the cost of packing, crating, and transporting your household goods and personal effects and those of the members of your household from your former home to your new home. Find state tax return For purposes of moving expenses, the term “personal effects” includes, but is not limited to, movable personal property that the taxpayer owns and frequently uses. Find state tax return   If you use your own car to move your things, see Travel by car, earlier. Find state tax return   You can deduct any costs of connecting or disconnecting utilities required because you are moving your household goods, appliances, or personal effects. Find state tax return   You can deduct the cost of shipping your car and your household pets to your new home. Find state tax return   You can deduct the cost of moving your household goods and personal effects from a place other than your former home. Find state tax return Your deduction is limited to the amount it would have cost to move them from your former home. Find state tax return Example. Find state tax return Paul Brown has been living and working in North Carolina for the last 4 years. Find state tax return Because he has been renting a small apartment, he stored some furniture at his parents' home in Georgia. Find state tax return Paul got a job in Washington, DC. Find state tax return It cost him $900 to move the furniture from his North Carolina apartment to Washington and $3,000 to move the stored furniture from Georgia to Washington. Find state tax return It would have cost $1,800 to ship the stored furniture from North Carolina to Washington. Find state tax return He can deduct only $1,800 of the $3,000 he paid. Find state tax return The amount he can deduct for moving his furniture is $2,700 ($900 + $1,800). Find state tax return You cannot deduct the cost of moving furniture you buy on the way to your new home. Find state tax return   Storage expenses. Find state tax return   You can include the cost of storing and insuring household goods and personal effects within any period of 30 consecutive days after the day your things are moved from your former home and before they are delivered to your new home. Find state tax return Travel expenses. Find state tax return   You can deduct the cost of transportation and lodging for yourself and members of your household while traveling from your former home to your new home. Find state tax return This includes expenses for the day you arrive. Find state tax return    The day of arrival is the day you secure lodging at the new place of residence, even if the lodging is on a temporary basis. Find state tax return   You can include any lodging expenses you had in the area of your former home within one day after you could no longer live in your former home because your furniture had been moved. Find state tax return   The members of your household do not have to travel together or at the same time. Find state tax return However, you can only deduct expenses for one trip per person. Find state tax return If you use your own car, see Travel by car, earlier. Find state tax return Example. Find state tax return   In February 2013, Josh and Robyn Black moved from Minneapolis to Washington, DC, where Josh was starting a new job. Find state tax return Josh drove the family car to Washington, DC, a trip of 1,100 miles. Find state tax return His expenses were $264. Find state tax return 00 for mileage (1,100 miles x 24 cents per mile) plus $40 for tolls and $150 for lodging, for a total of $454. Find state tax return 00. Find state tax return One week later, Robyn flew from Minneapolis to Washington, DC. Find state tax return Her only expense was her $400 plane ticket. Find state tax return The Blacks' deduction is $854. Find state tax return 00 (Josh's $454. Find state tax return 00 + Robyn's $400). Find state tax return Moves to Locations Outside the United States To deduct expenses for a move outside the United States, you must move to the area of a new place of work outside the United States and its possessions. Find state tax return You must meet the requirements under Who Can Deduct Moving Expenses , earlier. Find state tax return Deductible expenses. Find state tax return   If your move is to a location outside the United States and its possessions, you can deduct the following expenses. Find state tax return The cost of moving household goods and personal effects from your former home to your new home. Find state tax return The cost of traveling (including lodging) from your former home to your new home. Find state tax return The cost of moving household goods and personal effects to and from storage. Find state tax return The cost of storing household goods and personal effects while you are at the new job location. Find state tax return The first two items were explained earlier under Moves to Locations in the United States . Find state tax return The last two items are discussed, later. Find state tax return Moving goods and effects to and from storage. Find state tax return   You can deduct the reasonable expenses of moving your personal effects to and from storage. Find state tax return Storage expenses. Find state tax return   You can deduct the reasonable expenses of storing your household goods and personal effects for all or part of the time the new job location remains your main job location. Find state tax return Moving expenses allocable to excluded foreign income. Find state tax return   If you live and work outside the United States, you may be able to exclude from income part or all of the income you earn in the foreign country. Find state tax return You may also be able to claim a foreign housing exclusion or deduction. Find state tax return If you claim the foreign earned income or foreign housing exclusion, you cannot deduct the part of your moving expenses that relates to the excluded income. Find state tax return    Publication 54, Tax Guide for U. Find state tax return S. Find state tax return Citizens and Resident Aliens Abroad, explains how to figure the part of your moving expenses that relates to excluded income. Find state tax return You can get the publication from most U. Find state tax return S. Find state tax return embassies and consulates, or see How To Get Tax Help at the end of this publication. Find state tax return Nondeductible Expenses You cannot deduct the following items as moving expenses. Find state tax return Any part of the purchase price of your new home. Find state tax return Car tags. Find state tax return Driver's license. Find state tax return Expenses of buying or selling a home (including closing costs, mortgage fees, and points). Find state tax return Expenses of entering into or breaking a lease. Find state tax return Home improvements to help sell your home. Find state tax return Loss on the sale of your home. Find state tax return Losses from disposing of memberships in clubs. Find state tax return Mortgage penalties. Find state tax return Pre-move househunting expenses. Find state tax return Real estate taxes. Find state tax return Refitting of carpet and draperies. Find state tax return Return trips to your former residence. Find state tax return Security deposits (including any given up due to the move). Find state tax return Storage charges except those incurred in transit and for foreign moves. Find state tax return No double deduction. Find state tax return   You cannot take a moving expense deduction and a business expense deduction for the same expenses. Find state tax return You must decide if your expenses are deductible as moving expenses or as business expenses. Find state tax return For example, expenses you have for travel, meals, and lodging while temporarily working at a place away from your regular place of work may be deductible as business expenses if you are considered away from home on business. Find state tax return In most cases, your work at a single location is considered temporary if it is realistically expected to last (and does in fact last) for one year or less. Find state tax return   See Publication 463, Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and Car Expenses, for information on deducting your business expenses. Find state tax return Reimbursements This section explains how to report a reimbursement (including advances and allowances) on your tax return. Find state tax return It covers reimbursements for any of your moving expenses discussed in this publication. Find state tax return It also explains the types of reimbursements on which your employer must withhold income, social security, and Medicare taxes. Find state tax return Types of Reimbursement Plans If you receive a reimbursement for your moving expenses, how you report this amount and your expenses depends on whether the reimbursement is paid to you under an accountable plan or a nonaccountable plan. Find state tax return For a quick overview of how to report your reimbursement and moving expenses, see Table 2 in the section on How and When To Report, later. Find state tax return Your employer should tell you what method of reimbursement is used and what records are required. Find state tax return Accountable Plans To be an accountable plan, your employer's reimbursement arrangement must require you to meet all three of the following rules. Find state tax return Your expenses must have a business connection – that is, you must have paid or incurred deductible expenses while performing services as an employee of your employer. Find state tax return Two examples of this are the reasonable expenses of moving your possessions from your former home to your new home, and traveling from your former home to your new home. Find state tax return You must adequately account to your employer for these expenses within a reasonable period of time. Find state tax return You must return any excess reimbursement or allowance within a reasonable period of time. Find state tax return Adequate accounting. Find state tax return   You adequately account for your moving expenses by giving your employer documentation of those expenses, such as a statement of expense, an account book, a diary, or a similar record in which you entered each expense at or near the time you had it. Find state tax return Documentation includes receipts, canceled checks, and bills. Find state tax return Reasonable period of time. Find state tax return   What constitutes a “reasonable period of time” depends on the facts and circumstances of your situation. Find state tax return However, regardless of the facts and circumstances, actions that take place within the times specified in the following list will be treated as taking place within a reasonable period of time. Find state tax return You receive an advance within 30 days of the time you have an expense. Find state tax return You adequately account for your expenses within 60 days after they were paid or incurred. Find state tax return You return any excess reimbursement within 120 days after the expense was paid or incurred. Find state tax return You are given a periodic statement (at least quarterly) that asks you to either return or adequately account for outstanding advances and you comply within 120 days of the statement. Find state tax return Excess reimbursement. Find state tax return   This includes any amount you are paid (including advances and allowances) that is more than the moving expenses that you adequately accounted for to your employer within a reasonable period of time. Find state tax return Returning excess reimbursements. Find state tax return   You must be required to return any excess reimbursement for your moving expenses to the person paying the reimbursement. Find state tax return Excess reimbursement includes any amount for which you did not adequately account within a reasonable period of time. Find state tax return For example, if you received an advance and you did not spend all the money on deductible moving expenses, or you do not have proof of all your expenses, you have an excess reimbursement. Find state tax return You meet accountable plan rules. Find state tax return   If for all reimbursements you meet the three rules for an accountable plan (listed earlier), your employer should not include any reimbursements of expenses in your income in box 1 of your Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement. Find state tax return Instead, your employer should include the reimbursements in box 12 of your Form W-2. Find state tax return Example. Find state tax return You lived in Boston and accepted a job in Atlanta. Find state tax return Under an accountable plan, your employer reimbursed you for your actual traveling expenses from Boston to Atlanta and the cost of moving your furniture to Atlanta. Find state tax return Your employer will include the reimbursement on your Form W-2, box 12, with Code P. Find state tax return If your moving expenses are more than your reimbursement, you may be able to deduct your additional expenses (see How and When To Report, later). Find state tax return You do not meet accountable plan rules. Find state tax return   You may be reimbursed by your employer, but you may not meet all three rules for part of your expenses. Find state tax return   If your deductible expenses are reimbursed under an otherwise accountable plan but you do not return, within a reasonable period, any reimbursement of expenses for which you did not adequately account, then only the amount for which you did adequately account is considered as paid under an accountable plan. Find state tax return The remaining expenses are treated as having been reimbursed under a nonaccountable plan (discussed below). Find state tax return Reimbursement of nondeductible expenses. Find state tax return   You may be reimbursed by your employer for moving expenses, some of which are deductible expenses and some of which are not deductible. Find state tax return The reimbursements you receive for the nondeductible expenses and any allowances for miscellaneous or unspecified expenses are treated as paid under a nonaccountable plan (see below) and are included in your income. Find state tax return If you are reimbursed by your employer for the taxes you must pay (including social security and Medicare taxes) because you have received taxable moving expense reimbursements, you must pay tax on this reimbursement as well, and it is treated as paid under a nonaccountable plan. Find state tax return Nonaccountable Plans A nonaccountable plan is a reimbursement arrangement that does not meet the three rules listed earlier under Accountable Plans. Find state tax return In addition, the following payments will be treated as paid under a nonaccountable plan. Find state tax return Excess reimbursements you fail to return to your employer. Find state tax return Reimbursements of nondeductible expenses. Find state tax return See Reimbursement of nondeductible expenses, earlier. Find state tax return If an arrangement pays for your moving expenses by reducing your wages, salary, or other pay, the amount of the reduction will be treated as a payment made under a nonaccountable plan. Find state tax return This is because you are entitled to receive the full amount of your pay regardless of whether you had any moving expenses. Find state tax return If you are not sure if the moving expense reimbursement arrangement is an accountable or nonaccountable plan, ask your employer. Find state tax return Your employer will add the amount of any reimbursement paid to you under a nonaccountable plan to your wages, salary, or other pay. Find state tax return Your employer will report the total in box 1 of your Form W-2. Find state tax return Example. Find state tax return To get you to work in another city, your new employer reimburses you under an accountable plan for the $7,500 loss on the sale of your home. Find state tax return Because this is a reimbursement of a nondeductible expense, it is treated as paid under a nonaccountable plan and must be included as income in box 1 of your Form W-2. Find state tax return Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 Do not include in income any moving expense payment you received under the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970. Find state tax return These payments are made to persons displaced from their homes, businesses, or farms by federal projects. Find state tax return Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax Your employer must withhold income, social security, and Medicare taxes from reimbursements and allowances paid to you that are included in your income. Find state tax return See Reimbursements included in income, later. Find state tax return Reimbursements excluded from income. Find state tax return   Your employer should not include in your wages reimbursements paid under an accountable plan (explained earlier) for moving expenses that you: Could deduct if you had paid or incurred them, and Did not deduct in an earlier year. Find state tax return These reimbursements are fringe benefits excludable from your income as qualified moving expense reimbursements. Find state tax return Your employer should report these reimbursements on your Form W-2, box 12, with Code P. Find state tax return    You cannot claim a moving expense deduction for expenses covered by reimbursements excluded from income (see Accountable Plans under Types of Reimbursement Plans, earlier). Find state tax return Expenses deducted in earlier year. Find state tax return   If you receive a reimbursement this year for moving expenses deducted in an earlier year, and the reimbursement is not included as wages in box 1 of your Form W-2, you must include the reimbursement in income on Form 1040, line 21. Find state tax return Your employer should show the amount of your reimbursement in box 12 of your Form W-2. Find state tax return Reimbursements included in income. Find state tax return   Your employer must include in your income any reimbursements made (or treated as made) under a nonaccountable plan, even though they are for deductible moving expenses. Find state tax return See Nonaccountable Plans under Types of Reimbursement Plans, earlier. Find state tax return Your employer also must include in your gross income as wages any reimbursements of, or payments for, nondeductible moving expenses. Find state tax return This includes amounts your employer reimbursed you under an accountable plan (explained earlier) for meals, househunting trips, and real estate expenses. Find state tax return It also includes reimbursements that exceed your deductible expenses and that you do not return to your employer. Find state tax return Reimbursement for deductible and nondeductible expenses. Find state tax return    If your employer reimburses you for both deductible and nondeductible moving expenses, your employer must determine the amount of the reimbursement that is not taxable and not subject to withholding. Find state tax return Your employer must treat any remaining amount as taxable wages and withhold income, social security, and Medicare taxes. Find state tax return Amount of income tax withheld. Find state tax return   If the reimbursements or allowances you receive are taxable, the amount of income tax your employer will withhold depends on several factors. Find state tax return It depends in part on whether income tax is withheld from your regular wages, on whether the reimbursements and allowances are added to your regular wages, and on any information you have given to your employer on Form W-4, Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate. Find state tax return   Your employer can treat your reimbursements as supplemental wages and not include the reimbursements and allowances in your regular wages. Find state tax return The employer can withhold income tax on supplemental wages at a flat rate which may be different from your regular tax rate. Find state tax return Estimated tax. Find state tax return    If you must make estimated tax payments, you need to take into account any taxable reimbursements and deductible moving expenses in figuring your estimated tax. Find state tax return For details about estimated taxes, see Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. Find state tax return How and When To Report This section explains how and when to report your moving expenses and any reimbursements or allowances you received for your move. Find state tax return For a quick overview, see Table 2, later. Find state tax return Form 3903 Use Form 3903 to figure your moving expense deduction. Find state tax return Use a separate Form 3903 for each move for which you are deducting expenses. Find state tax return Do not file Form 3903 if all of the following apply. Find state tax return You moved to a location outside the United States in an earlier year. Find state tax return You are claiming only storage fees while you were away from the United States. Find state tax return Any amount your employer paid for the storage fees is included as wages in box 1 of your Form W-2. Find state tax return Instead, enter the storage fees (after the reduction for the part that is allocable to excluded income) on Form 1040, line 26, and enter “Storage” on the dotted line next to the amount. Find state tax return If you meet the special rules for members of the Armed Forces, see How to complete Form 3903 for members of the Armed Forces under Members of the Armed Forces, later. Find state tax return Completing Form 3903. Find state tax return   Complete Worksheet 1, earlier, or the Distance Test Worksheet in the instructions for Form 3903 to see whether you meet the distance test. Find state tax return If so, complete lines 1 through 3 of the form using your actual expenses (except, if you use your own car, you can figure expenses based on the standard mileage rate, instead of actual amounts for gas and oil). Find state tax return Enter on line 4 the total amount of your moving expense reimbursement that was excluded from your wages. Find state tax return This excluded amount should be identified on Form W-2, box 12, with code P. Find state tax return Expenses greater than reimbursement. Find state tax return   If line 3 is more than line 4, subtract line 4 from line 3 and enter the result on line 5 and on Form 1040, line 26. Find state tax return This is your moving expense deduction. Find state tax return Expenses equal to or less than reimbursement. Find state tax return    If line 3 is equal to or less than line 4, you have no moving expense deduction. Find state tax return Subtract line 3 from line 4 and, if the result is more than zero, include it as income on Form 1040, line 7. Find state tax return Table 2. Find state tax return Reporting Your Moving Expenses and Reimbursements IF your Form W-2 shows. Find state tax return . Find state tax return . Find state tax return AND you have. Find state tax return . Find state tax return . Find state tax return THEN. Find state tax return . Find state tax return . Find state tax return your reimbursement reported only  in box 12 with code P moving expenses greater than the  amount in box 12 file Form 3903 showing all allowable  expenses* and reimbursements. Find state tax return your reimbursement reported only  in box 12 with code P moving expenses equal to the amount  in box 12 do not file Form 3903. Find state tax return your reimbursement divided  between box 12 and box 1 moving expenses greater than the  amount in box 12 file Form 3903 showing all allowable  expenses,* but only the  reimbursements reported in box 12 of  Form W-2. Find state tax return your entire reimbursement reported  as wages in box 1 moving expenses file Form 3903 showing all allowable  expenses,* but do not show any  reimbursements. Find state tax return no reimbursement moving expenses file Form 3903 showing all allowable  expenses. Find state tax return * * See Deductible Moving Expenses, earlier, for allowable expenses. Find state tax return    Where to deduct. Find state tax return   Deduct your moving expenses on Form 1040, line 26. Find state tax return The amount of moving expenses you can deduct is shown on Form 3903, line 5. Find state tax return    You cannot deduct moving expenses on Form 1040EZ or Form 1040A. Find state tax return   When To Deduct Expenses You may have a choice of when to deduct your moving expenses. Find state tax return Expenses not reimbursed. Find state tax return   If you were not reimbursed, deduct your moving expenses in the year you paid or incurred the expenses. Find state tax return Example. Find state tax return In December 2012, your employer transferred you to another city in the United States, where you still work. Find state tax return You are single and were not reimbursed for your moving expenses. Find state tax return In 2012, you paid for moving your furniture and deducted these expenses on your 2012 tax return. Find state tax return In January 2013, you paid for travel to the new city. Find state tax return You can deduct these additional expenses on your 2013 tax return. Find state tax return Expenses reimbursed. Find state tax return   If you are reimbursed for your expenses and you use the cash method of accounting, you can deduct your expenses either in the year you paid them or in the year you received the reimbursement. Find state tax return If you use the cash method of accounting, you can choose to deduct the expenses in the year you are reimbursed even though you paid the expenses in a different year. Find state tax return See Choosing when to deduct, next. Find state tax return   If you deduct your expenses and you receive the reimbursement in a later year, you must include the reimbursement in your income on Form 1040, line 21. Find state tax return Choosing when to deduct. Find state tax return   If you use the cash method of accounting, which is used by most individuals, you can choose to deduct moving expenses in the year your employer reimburses you if: You paid the expenses in a year before the year of reimbursement, or You paid the expenses in the year immediately after the year of reimbursement but by the due date, including extensions, for filing your return for the reimbursement year. Find state tax return How to make the choice. Find state tax return   You choose to deduct moving expenses in the year you received reimbursement by taking the deduction on your return, or amended return, for that year. Find state tax return    You cannot deduct any moving expenses for which you received a reimbursement that was not included in your income. Find state tax return Illustrated Example Tom and Peggy Smith are married and have two children. Find state tax return They owned a home in Detroit where Tom worked. Find state tax return On February 8, 2013, Tom's employer told him that he would be transferred to San Diego as of April 10 that year. Find state tax return Peggy flew to San Diego on March 1 to look for a new home. Find state tax return She put a down payment of $25,000 on a house being built and returned to Detroit on March 4. Find state tax return The Smiths sold their Detroit home for $1,500 less than they paid for it. Find state tax return They contracted to have their personal effects moved to San Diego on April 3. Find state tax return The family drove to San Diego where they found that their new home was not finished. Find state tax return They stayed in a nearby motel until the house was ready on May 1. Find state tax return On April 10, Tom went to work in the San Diego plant where he still works. Find state tax return Their records for the move show: 1) Peggy's pre-move househunting  trip:       Travel and lodging   $ 449       Meals   75   $ 524 2) Down payment on San Diego  home 25,000 3) Real estate commission paid on  sale of Detroit home 3,500 4) Loss on sale of Detroit home (not  including real estate commission) 1,500 5) Amount paid for moving personal  effects (furniture, other household  goods, etc. Find state tax return ) 8,000 6) Expenses of driving to San Diego:       Mileage (Start 14,278;  End 16,478) 2,200 miles at 24 cents a mile   $ 528       Lodging   180       Meals   320   1,028 7) Cost of temporary living  expenses in San Diego:       Motel rooms   $1,450       Meals   2,280   3,730 Total $43,282   Tom was reimbursed $10,907 under an accountable plan. Find state tax return His employer gave him the following breakdown of the reimbursement that was allowed under the employer's plan. Find state tax return Moving personal effects   $6,800 Travel (and lodging) to San Diego   708 Travel (and lodging) for househunting trip   449 Lodging for temporary quarters   1,450 Loss on sale of home   1,500 Total reimbursement   $10,907 The employer included this reimbursement on Tom's Form W-2 for the year. Find state tax return The reimbursement of allowable expenses, $7,508 for moving household goods and travel to San Diego, was included in box 12 of Form W-2. Find state tax return His employer identified this amount with code P. Find state tax return The employer included the balance, $3,399 reimbursement of nonallowable expenses, in box 1 of Form W-2 with Tom's other wages. Find state tax return Tom must include this amount on Form 1040, line 7. Find state tax return The employer withholds taxes from the $3,399, as discussed under Reimbursement for deductible and nondeductible expenses under Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, earlier. Find state tax return Also, Tom's employer could have given him a separate Form W-2 for his moving expense reimbursement. Find state tax return To figure his tax deduction for moving expenses, Tom enters the following amounts on Form 3903. Find state tax return Item 5 — moving personal effects (line 1)   $8,000 Item 6 — driving to San Diego ($528 + $180)  (line 2)   708 Total tax deductible moving expenses (line 3)   $8,708 Minus: Reimbursement included in box 12  of Form W-2 (line 4)   7,508 Tax deduction for moving expenses (line 5)   $1,200   Tom's Form 3903 is shown, later. Find state tax return He also enters his deduction, $1,200, on Form 1040, line 26. Find state tax return Nondeductible expenses. Find state tax return   Of the $43,282 expenses that Tom and Peggy incurred, the following items totaling $34,574 ($43,282 – $8,708) cannot be deducted. Find state tax return Item 1 — pre-move househunting expenses of $524. Find state tax return Item 2 — the $25,000 down payment on the San Diego home. Find state tax return If any part of it were for payment of deductible taxes or interest on the mortgage on the house, that part would be deductible as an itemized deduction. Find state tax return Item 3 — the $3,500 real estate commission paid on the sale of the Detroit home. Find state tax return The commission is used to figure the gain or loss on the sale. Find state tax return Item 4 — the $1,500 loss on the sale of the Detroit home. Find state tax return Item 6 — the $320 expense for meals while driving to San Diego. Find state tax return (However, the lodging and car expenses are deductible. Find state tax return ) Item 7 — temporary living expenses of $3,730. Find state tax return    This image is too large to be displayed in the current screen. Find state tax return Please click the link to view the image. Find state tax return 2012 Form 3903 Moving Expenses Members of the Armed Forces If you are a member of the Armed Forces on active duty and you move because of a permanent change of station, you do not have to meet the distance and time tests, discussed earlier. Find state tax return You can deduct your unreimbursed moving expenses. Find state tax return A permanent change of station includes: A move from your home to your first post of active duty, A move from one permanent post of duty to another, and A move from your last post of duty to your home or to a nearer point in the United States. Find state tax return The move must occur within one year of ending your active duty or within the period allowed under the Joint Travel Regulations. Find state tax return Spouse and dependents. Find state tax return   If a member of the Armed Forces dies, is imprisoned, or deserts, a permanent change of station for the spouse or dependent includes a move to: The place of enlistment, The member's, spouse's, or dependent's home of record, or A nearer point in the United States. Find state tax return   If the military moves you, your spouse, and dependents, to or from separate locations, the moves are treated as a single move to your new main job location. Find state tax return Services or reimbursements provided by government. Find state tax return   Do not include in income the value of moving and storage services provided by the government because of a permanent change of station. Find state tax return In general, if the total reimbursements or allowances you receive from the government because of the move are more than your actual moving expenses, the government must include the excess in your wages on Form W-2. Find state tax return However, the excess portion of a dislocation allowance, a temporary lodging allowance, a temporary lodging expense, or a move-in housing allowance is not included in income and should not be included in box 1 of Form W-2. Find state tax return   If your reimbursements or allowances are less than your actual moving expenses, do not include the reimbursements or allowances in income. Find state tax return You can deduct the expenses that are more than your reimbursements. Find state tax return See Deductible Moving Expenses, earlier. Find state tax return How to complete Form 3903 for members of the Armed Forces. Find state tax return    Take the following steps. Find state tax return Complete lines 1 through 3 of the form, using your actual expenses. Find state tax return Do not include any expenses for moving services provided by the government. Find state tax return Also, do not include any expenses that were reimbursed by an allowance you do not have to include in your income. Find state tax return Enter on line 4 the total reimbursements and allowances you received from the government for the expenses claimed on lines 1 and 2. Find state tax return Do not include the value of moving or storage services provided by the government. Find state tax return Also, do not include any part of a dislocation allowance, a temporary lodging allowance, a temporary lodging expense, or a move-in housing allowance. Find state tax return Complete line 5. Find state tax return If line 3 is more than line 4, subtract line 4 from line 3 and enter the result on line 5 and on Form 1040, line 26. Find state tax return This is your moving expense deduction. Find state tax return If line 3 is equal to or less than line 4, you do not have a moving expense deduction. Find state tax return Subtract line 3 from line 4 and, if the result is more than zero, enter it on Form 1040, line 7. Find state tax return If the military moves you, your spouse and dependents, to or from different locations, treat these moves as a single move. Find state tax return    Do not deduct any expenses for moving or storage services provided by the government. Find state tax return How To Get Tax Help Go online, use a smart phone, call or walk in to an office near you. Find state tax return Whether it's help with a tax issue, preparing your tax return or picking up a free publication or form, get the help you need the way you want it. Find state tax return Free help with your tax return. Find state tax return   Free help in preparing your return is available nationwide from IRS-certified volunteers. Find state tax return The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program is designed to help low-to-moderate income, elderly, persons with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers. Find state tax return The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program is designed to assist taxpayers age 60 and older with their tax returns. Find state tax return Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing and all volunteers will let you know about credits and deductions you may be entitled to claim. Find state tax return Some VITA and TCE sites provide taxpayers the opportunity to prepare their return with the assistance of an IRS-certified volunteer. Find state tax return To find the nearest VITA or TCE site, visit IRS. Find state tax return gov or call 1-800-906-9887. Find state tax return   As part of the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program. Find state tax return To find the nearest AARP Tax-Aide site, visit AARP's website at www. Find state tax return aarp. Find state tax return org/money/taxaide or call 1-888-227-7669. Find state tax return   For more information on these programs, go to IRS. Find state tax return gov and enter “VITA” in the search box. Find state tax return Internet. Find state tax return IRS. Find state tax return gov and IRS2Go are ready when you are — every day, every night, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Find state tax return Apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN). Find state tax return Go to IRS. Find state tax return gov and enter Apply for an EIN in the search box. Find state tax return Request an Electronic Filing PIN by going to IRS. Find state tax return gov and entering Electronic Filing PIN in the search box. Find state tax return Check the status of your 2013 refund with Where's My Refund? Go to IRS. Find state tax return gov or the IRS2Go app, and click on Where's My Refund? You'll get a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. Find state tax return If you e-file, your refund status is usually available within 24 hours after the IRS receives your tax return or 4 weeks after you've mailed a paper return. Find state tax return Check the status of your amended return. Find state tax return Go to IRS. Find state tax return gov and enter Where's My Amended Return in the search box. Find state tax return Download forms, instructions, and publications, including some accessible versions. Find state tax return Order free transcripts of your tax returns or tax account using the Order a Transcript tool on IRS. Find state tax return gov or IRS2Go. Find state tax return Tax return and tax account transcripts are generally available for the current year and past three years. Find state tax return Figure your income tax withholding with the IRS Withholding Calculator on IRS. Find state tax return gov. Find state tax return Use it if you've had too much or too little withheld, your personal situation has changed, you're starting a new job or you just want to see if you're having the right amount withheld. Find state tax return Determine if you might be subject to the Alternative Minimum Tax by using the Alternative Minimum Tax Assistant on IRS. Find state tax return gov. Find state tax return Locate the nearest Taxpayer Assistance Center using the Office Locator tool on IRS. Find state tax return gov or IRS2Go. Find state tax return Stop by most business days for face-to-face tax help, no appointment necessary — just walk in. Find state tax return An employee can explain IRS letters, request adjustments to your tax account or help you set up a payment plan. Find state tax return Before you visit, check the Office Locator for the address, phone number, hours of operation and the services provided. Find state tax return If you have an ongoing tax account problem or a special need, such as a disability, you can request an appointment. Find state tax return Call the local number listed in the Office Locator, or look in the phone book under United States Government, Internal Revenue Service. Find state tax return Locate the nearest volunteer help site with the VITA Locator Tool on IRS. Find state tax return gov. Find state tax return Low-to-moderate income, elderly, persons with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers can get free help with their tax return from the nationwide Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program. Find state tax return The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers 60 and older with their tax returns. Find state tax return Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing and some provide IRS-certified volunteers who can help prepare your tax return. Find state tax return AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program as part of the TCE program. Find state tax return Visit AARP's website to find the nearest Tax-Aide location. Find state tax return Research your tax questions. Find state tax return Search publications and instructions by topic or keyword. Find state tax return Read the Internal Revenue Code, regulations, or other official guidance. Find state tax return Read Internal Revenue Bulletins. Find state tax return Sign up to receive local and national tax news by email. Find state tax return Phone. Find state tax return You can call the IRS, or you can carry it in your pocket with the IRS2Go app on your smart phone or tablet. Find state tax return Download the free IRS2Go mobile app from the iTunes app store or from Google Play. Find state tax return Use it to watch the IRS YouTube channel, get IRS news as soon as it's released to the public, order transcripts of your tax returns or tax account, check your refund status, subscribe to filing season updates or daily tax tips, and follow the IRS Twitter news feed, @IRSnews, to get the latest federal tax news, including information about tax law changes and important IRS programs. Find state tax return Call to locate the nearest volunteer help site, 1-800-906-9887. Find state tax return Low-to-moderate income, elderly, persons with disabilities, and limited English proficient taxpayers can get free help with their tax return from the nationwide Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program. Find state tax return The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program helps taxpayers 60 and older with their tax returns. Find state tax return Most VITA and TCE sites offer free electronic filing. Find state tax return Some VITA and TCE sites provide IRS-certified volunteers who can help prepare your tax return. Find state tax return Through the TCE program, AARP offers the Tax-Aide counseling program; call 1-888-227-7669 to find the nearest Tax-Aide location. Find state tax return Call to check the status of your 2013 refund, 1-800-829-1954 or 1-800-829-4477. Find state tax return The automated Where's My Refund? information is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Find state tax return If you e-file, your refund status is usually available within 24 hours after the IRS receives your tax return or 4 weeks after you've mailed a paper return. Find state tax return Before you call, have your 2013 tax return handy so you can provide your social security number, your filing status, and the exact whole dollar amount of your refund. Find state tax return Where's My Refund? can give you a personalized refund date as soon as the IRS processes your tax return and approves your refund. Find state tax return Where's My Refund? includes information for the most recent return filed in the current year and does not include information about amended returns. Find state tax return Call the Amended Return Hotline, 1-866-464-2050, to check the status of your amended return. Find state tax return Call to order forms, instructions and publications, 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676) to order current-year forms, instructions and publications, and prior-year forms and instructions (limited to 5 years). Find state tax return You should receive your order within 10 business days. Find state tax return Call to order transcripts of your tax returns or tax account, 1-800-908-9946. Find state tax return Follow the prompts to provide your Social Security Number or Individual Taxpayer Identification Number, date of birth, street address and ZIP code. Find state tax return Call for TeleTax topics, 1-800-829-4477, to listen to pre-recorded messages covering various tax topics. Find state tax return Call to ask tax questions, 1-800-829-1040. Find state tax return Call using TTY/TDD equipment, 1-800-829-4059 to ask tax questions or order forms and publications. Find state tax return The TTY/TDD telephone number is for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability. Find state tax return These individuals can also contact the IRS through relay services such as the Federal Relay Service available at www. Find state tax return gsa. Find state tax return gov/fedrelay. Find state tax return Walk-in. Find state tax return You can find a selection of forms, publications and services — in-person, face-to-face. Find state tax return Products. Find state tax return You can walk in to some post offices, libraries, and IRS offices to pick up certain forms, instructions, and publications. Find state tax return Some IRS offices, libraries, and city and county government offices have a collection of products available to photocopy from reproducible proofs. Find state tax return Services. Find state tax return You can walk in to your local TAC most business days for personal, face-to-face tax help. Find state tax return An employee can explain IRS letters, request adjustments to your tax account, or help you set up a payment plan. Find state tax return If you need to resolve a tax problem, have questions about how the tax law applies to your individual tax return, or you are more comfortable talking with someone in person, visit your local TAC where you can talk with an IRS representative face-to-face. Find state tax return No appointment is necessary—just walk in. Find state tax return Before visiting, check www. Find state tax return irs. Find state tax return gov/localcontacts for hours of operation and services provided. Find state tax return Mail. Find state tax return You can send your order for forms, instructions, and publications to the address below. Find state tax return You should receive a response within 10 business days after your request is received. Find state tax return  Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Find state tax return Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 The Taxpayer Advocate Service Is Here to Help You. Find state tax return   The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is your voice at the IRS. Find state tax return Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and understand your rights. Find state tax return What can TAS do for you?   We can offer you free help with IRS problems that you can't resolve on your own. Find state tax return We know this process can be confusing, but the worst thing you can do is nothing at all! TAS can help if you can't resolve your tax problem and: Your problem is causing financial difficulties for you, your family, or your business. Find state tax return You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action. Find state tax return You've tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn't responded by the date promised. Find state tax return   If you qualify for our help, you'll be assigned to one advocate who'll be with you at every turn and will do everything possible to resolve your problem. Find state tax return Here's why we can help: TAS is an independent organization within the IRS. Find state tax return Our advocates know how to work with the IRS. Find state tax return Our services are free and tailored to meet your needs. Find state tax return We have offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Find state tax return How can you reach us?   If you think TAS can help you, call your local advocate, whose number is in your local directory and at www. Find state tax return irs. Find state tax return gov/advocate, or call us toll-free at 1-877-777-4778. Find state tax return How else does TAS help taxpayers?   TAS also works to resolve large-scale, systemic problems that affect many taxpayers. Find state tax return If you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to us through our Systemic Advocacy Management System at www. Find state tax return irs. Find state tax return gov/sams. Find state tax return Low Income Taxpayer Clinics. Find state tax return   Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) serve individuals whose income is below a certain level and need to resolve tax problems such as audits, appeals, and tax collection disputes. Find state tax return Some clinics can provide information about taxpayer rights and responsibilities in different languages for individuals who speak English as a second language. Find state tax return Visit www. Find state tax return TaxpayerAdvocate. Find state tax return irs. Find state tax return gov or see IRS Publication 4134, Low Income Taxpayer Clinic List. Find state tax return Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications