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Filing taxes Internal Revenue Bulletin:  2013-7  February 11, 2013  Rev. Filing taxes Proc. Filing taxes 2013-16 Table of Contents SECTION 1. Filing taxes PURPOSE SECTION 2. Filing taxes BACKGROUND—HAMP AND THE HAMP PRINCIPAL REDUCTION ALTERNATIVE SECTION 3. Filing taxes BACKGROUND—APPLICABLE PROVISIONS OF LAW SECTION 4. Filing taxes FEDERAL INCOME TAX TREATMENT SECTION 5. Filing taxes INFORMATION-REPORTING OBLIGATIONS SECTION 6. Filing taxes HAMP-PRA BORROWERS’ REPORTING OF DISCHARGES OF INDEBTEDNESS UNDER HAMP-PRA SECTION 7. Filing taxes PENALTY RELIEF FOR 2012 SECTION 8. Filing taxes SCOPE AND EFFECTIVE DATE SECTION 9. Filing taxes DRAFTING INFORMATION SECTION 1. Filing taxes PURPOSE This revenue procedure provides guidance to mortgage loan holders, loan servicers, and borrowers who are participating in the Department of the Treasury’s (Treasury) and Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD) Home Affordable Modification Program® (HAMP®). Filing taxes Under HAMP, a borrower may be eligible for principal reduction of the outstanding balance of a qualifying mortgage pursuant to the program’s Principal Reduction AlternativeSM (PRA). Filing taxes In appropriate cases, HAMP has been offering the PRA as part of a HAMP loan modification since the last quarter of 2010. Filing taxes Current plans call for HAMP to continue accepting new borrowers through the end of 2013. Filing taxes The Internal Revenue Service (Service) is providing this guidance to address the tax consequences for borrowers (HAMP-PRA borrowers) who are participating in the PRA and the reporting obligations for participating mortgage loan holders and servicers. Filing taxes SECTION 2. Filing taxes BACKGROUND—HAMP AND THE HAMP PRINCIPAL REDUCTION ALTERNATIVE . Filing taxes 01 To help distressed borrowers lower their monthly mortgage payments, Treasury and HUD established HAMP for mortgage loans that are not owned or guaranteed by the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) or the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac). Filing taxes A description of the program can be found at www. Filing taxes makinghomeaffordable. Filing taxes gov. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 02 Under HAMP, a participating loan servicer, acting on behalf of the mortgage loan holder, must consider a sequence of modification steps for each eligible borrower’s mortgage loan until the borrower’s monthly payment is reduced to a monthly payment amount determined under the HAMP guidelines. Filing taxes These steps include a reduction in the mortgage loan’s interest rate, an extension of the mortgage loan’s term, and a reduction in the mortgage loan’s principal balance. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 03 In some cases, the unpaid principal balance of the modified mortgage loan is divided into (1) an amount that bears stated interest and that is used to calculate the borrower’s new monthly mortgage payment (the “Non-forbearance Portion”), and (2) a forbearance amount, which does not bear stated interest and on which periodic payments of stated principal are not required. Filing taxes The stated principal of the forbearance amount is due upon the earliest of the borrower’s transfer of the property, payoff of the balance on the Non-forbearance Portion of the mortgage loan, or maturity of the mortgage loan. Filing taxes However, as noted in section 2. Filing taxes 06 of this revenue procedure, a HAMP-PRA borrower sometimes may not have to pay all or a portion of the forbearance amount. Filing taxes (The forbearance amount associated with a HAMP-PRA principal reduction is called the “PRA Forbearance Amount. Filing taxes ”) . Filing taxes 04 If a mortgage loan is being considered for a HAMP modification and the amount owed on the mortgage loan is greater than 115 percent of the value of the property, then the servicer must consider whether principal reduction under PRA should be used as part of the HAMP modification. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 05 The first step toward a HAMP modification is a trial period plan, in which the borrower’s monthly mortgage payment is set at a monthly payment amount determined under the HAMP guidelines. Filing taxes The trial period plan effective date is the due date for the first of the reduced payments that are to be made under the trial period plan. Filing taxes (It is the first day of either the first or the second month after the servicer transmits the trial period notice to the borrower. Filing taxes ) In general, the trial period is three months, and, during this period, the borrower must satisfy certain conditions before the changes to the terms of the mortgage loan become permanent (the “Trial Period Conditions”). Filing taxes Specifically, depending on the borrower’s trial period payment history, the borrower’s compliance with HAMP and servicer guidelines, and his or her satisfaction of all other Trial Period Conditions, the borrower will be offered a permanent modification of the terms of the mortgage loan, including monthly mortgage payments that are lower than those under the old mortgage loan. Filing taxes Until the effective date of a permanent modification, the terms of the existing mortgage loan continue to apply. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 06 After the mortgage loan is permanently modified under HAMP, if the modified mortgage loan is in good standing on the first, second, or third annual anniversary of the trial period plan effective date (the “Three-year Period”), the servicer must reduce the unpaid principal balance of the mortgage loan on the respective anniversary date by one-third of the initial PRA Forbearance Amount. Filing taxes (The servicer allocates the entire reduction to the remaining PRA Forbearance Amount. Filing taxes ) In general, if a HAMP-PRA borrower’s mortgage loan is in good standing and if the HAMP-PRA borrower pays in full the Non-forbearance Portion of the mortgage loan prior to the reduction of the entire PRA Forbearance Amount, the servicer must reduce the remaining outstanding principal balance of the mortgage loan by the remaining PRA Forbearance Amount. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 07 In connection with every HAMP loan modification, the HAMP program administrator (acting on behalf of the federal government) provides incentives to the borrower, the servicer, and the investor (that is, the holder of the mortgage loan). Filing taxes If a HAMP loan modification includes a PRA principal reduction, the HAMP program administrator makes additional incentive payments to the investor. Filing taxes These additional incentives are called “PRA Investor Incentive Payments” and are generally spread over three years. Filing taxes The size of the PRA Investor Incentive Payments depends on the amount of principal reduced, the loan-to-value ratio at the time of the HAMP modification, and the loan’s payment history before the modification. Filing taxes The PRA Investor Incentive Payments range from 18 to 63 percent of the principal amounts reduced. Filing taxes For purposes of this revenue procedure, the excess of the initial PRA Forbearance Amount of a mortgage loan over the aggregate PRA Investor Incentive Payments scheduled to be paid with respect to that loan is called the “PRA Adjusted Forbearance Amount. Filing taxes ” . Filing taxes 08 A PRA Investor Incentive Payment is earned by the investor on each date on which the servicer reduces the unpaid principal balance of the mortgage loan by a portion of the PRA Forbearance Amount (generally, on the first three annual anniversaries of the trial period plan effective date). Filing taxes . Filing taxes 09 If a HAMP-PRA borrower’s early payment in full of the Non-forbearance Portion of the mortgage loan accelerates the reduction of the remaining PRA Forbearance Amount (described above in section 2. Filing taxes 06 of this revenue procedure), the remaining PRA Investor Incentive Payments from the HAMP program administrator are also accelerated. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 10 If, prior to completion of the Three-year Period, a mortgage loan ceases to be in good standing because of the HAMP-PRA borrower’s payment history, then the remaining PRA Forbearance Amount is not further reduced and is due when the HAMP-PRA borrower transfers the property, the HAMP-PRA borrower refinances, or otherwise pays off the Non-forbearance Portion of the mortgage loan, or the mortgage loan matures. Filing taxes SECTION 3. Filing taxes BACKGROUND—APPLICABLE PROVISIONS OF LAW . Filing taxes 01 Under § 61 of the Internal Revenue Code, except as otherwise provided in subtitle A, gross income means all income from whatever source derived, including income from discharge of indebtedness. Filing taxes See § 61(a)(12). Filing taxes . Filing taxes 02 Under § 1. Filing taxes 1001-3 of the Income Tax Regulations, if a debt instrument undergoes a significant modification, then the modification results in an exchange of the original debt instrument for the modified debt instrument. Filing taxes In general, an agreement to change a term of a debt instrument is a modification at the time the borrower and holder enter into the agreement, even if the change in term is not immediately effective. Filing taxes However, if the change is conditioned on reasonable closing conditions, a modification occurs on the closing date of the agreement. Filing taxes See § 1. Filing taxes 1001-3(c)(6). Filing taxes . Filing taxes 03 Under § 108(e)(10), in the case of a debt-for-debt exchange (including a deemed exchange under § 1. Filing taxes 1001-3), the borrower is treated as having satisfied the original debt instrument with an amount of money equal to the issue price of the new debt instrument. Filing taxes If the amount of debt satisfied in this manner exceeds that issue price, the borrower realizes discharge of indebtedness income on the exchange. Filing taxes See also § 1. Filing taxes 61-12(c). Filing taxes . Filing taxes 04 The issue price of a non-publicly traded debt instrument issued for non-publicly traded property generally reflects the amount of principal that the borrower is required to pay to the holder of the instrument. Filing taxes If a borrower has the ability to avoid paying certain amounts (including principal) without violating the terms of the instrument, the payment schedule for the instrument is generally determined based on an assumption that the borrower will avoid any requirement to make those payments. Filing taxes See, e. Filing taxes g. Filing taxes , §§ 1. Filing taxes 1272-1(c)(5) and 1. Filing taxes 1274-2(d). Filing taxes . Filing taxes 05 Under § 108(a), gross income does not include any amount that but for § 108(a) would be includible in gross income by reason of the discharge (in whole or in part) of a taxpayer’s indebtedness if (1) the indebtedness discharged is qualified principal residence indebtedness that is discharged before January 1, 2014, or (2) the discharge occurs when the taxpayer is insolvent. Filing taxes Section 108(a)(1)(E) and 108(a)(1)(B). Filing taxes (Although § 108 contains other exclusions as well, this revenue procedure focuses on these two exclusions because they are the most likely to apply to the greatest number of HAMP-PRA borrowers. Filing taxes ) . Filing taxes 06 Under §§ 108(h) and 163(h)(3)(B), qualified principal residence indebtedness is any indebtedness that is incurred by a borrower to buy, build, or substantially improve the borrower’s principal residence and is secured by that residence. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 07 Qualified principal residence indebtedness also includes a loan secured by the borrower’s principal residence that refinances qualified principal residence indebtedness, but only to the extent of the amount of the refinanced indebtedness. Filing taxes See §§ 108(h) and 163(h)(3)(B)(i). Filing taxes . Filing taxes 08 The maximum amount of discharged indebtedness that a borrower may exclude from gross income under the qualified principal residence indebtedness exclusion is $2,000,000 ($1,000,000 for a married individual filing a separate return). Filing taxes Under § 108(h)(4), if only part of the discharged indebtedness is qualified principal residence indebtedness, then the exclusion applies only to the amount of the discharged indebtedness that exceeds the amount of the loan (determined immediately before the discharge) that is not qualified principal residence indebtedness. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 09 Under § 108(a)(3), the insolvency exclusion applies to the lesser of the amount of the debt discharged or the amount by which the taxpayer is insolvent immediately before the discharge. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 10 Section 108(d)(3) provides that, for purposes of the insolvency exclusion, a taxpayer is insolvent to the extent that the taxpayer’s total liabilities exceed the fair market value of all of the taxpayer’s assets immediately before the discharge of indebtedness. Filing taxes Under § 108(a)(2)(C), the qualified principal residence indebtedness exclusion takes precedence over the insolvency exclusion when both exclusions apply to discharged indebtedness, unless the taxpayer elects to apply the insolvency exclusion. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 11 If an amount is excluded from gross income as a discharge of qualified principal residence indebtedness, the taxpayer must reduce the basis of the taxpayer’s principal residence. Filing taxes See § 108(h)(1). Filing taxes If a discharged amount is excluded from gross income because the taxpayer was insolvent when the discharge occurred, the taxpayer must reduce certain tax attributes (possibly including basis). Filing taxes See § 108(b). Filing taxes For further discussion of income from the discharge of indebtedness, the qualified principal residence indebtedness exclusion, the insolvency exclusion, and other exclusions from gross income that may apply, see Publication 4681, Canceled Debts, Foreclosures, Repossessions, and Abandonments (for Individuals). Filing taxes . Filing taxes 12 Taxpayers who exclude any discharged amounts from gross income report both the exclusion and the resulting reduction in basis or other tax attributes on Form 982, Reduction of Tax Attributes Due to Discharge of Indebtedness (and Section 1082 Basis Adjustment). Filing taxes See Form 982 instructions and Publication 4681. Filing taxes This form is to be filed with the tax return for the taxable year in which the amount is discharged but is excluded from gross income. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 13 Governmental payments made to or on behalf of individuals or other persons are included within the broad definition of gross income under § 61 unless an exception applies. Filing taxes See Notice 2003-18, 2003-1 C. Filing taxes B. Filing taxes 699, and Rev. Filing taxes Rul. Filing taxes 79-356, 1979-2 C. Filing taxes B. Filing taxes 28. Filing taxes However, if disbursements are made by a governmental unit to individuals in the interest of the general welfare (that is, are generally based on individual or family need) and the disbursements do not represent compensation for services, then the amounts disbursed are excluded from the income of the recipient (general welfare exclusion). Filing taxes See Rev. Filing taxes Rul. Filing taxes 2005-46, 2005-2 C. Filing taxes B. Filing taxes 120, and Rev. Filing taxes Rul. Filing taxes 75-246, 1975-1 C. Filing taxes B. Filing taxes 24. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 14 Under § 451 and § 1. Filing taxes 451-1(a), a taxpayer that uses the cash receipts and disbursements method of accounting includes income in gross income when the taxpayer actually or constructively receives the income. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 15 Section 6041 requires every person engaged in a trade or business (including the United States and its agencies) to (1) file an information return (Form 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Income, is used for this purpose) for each calendar year in which the person makes, in the course of its trade or business, payments to another person of fixed or determinable income aggregating $600 or more, and (2) furnish a copy of the information return to that other person. Filing taxes See § 6041(a) and (d) and § 1. Filing taxes 6041-1(a)(1) and (b). Filing taxes . Filing taxes 16 Section 6050P requires applicable entities (including the United States and its agencies, financial entities, and any organization a significant trade or business of which is the lending of money) to (1) file an information return (Form 1099-C, Cancellation of Debt, is used for this purpose) for each calendar year in which it discharges indebtedness of another person of $600 or more, and (2) furnish a copy of the information return to that other person. Filing taxes See § 6050P(a)-(c) and §§ 1. Filing taxes 6050P-1(a) and 1. Filing taxes 6050P-2(a) and (d). Filing taxes . Filing taxes 17 Section 6721 imposes penalties with respect to information returns required to be filed with the Service. Filing taxes These penalties apply in the case of a failure to timely file an information return, a failure to include all required information on the return, or the inclusion of incorrect information on the return. Filing taxes Section 6724(d)(1) includes Forms 1099-MISC and 1099-C in the term “information return. Filing taxes ” . Filing taxes 18 Section 6722 imposes penalties with respect to payee statements required to be furnished to payees. Filing taxes These penalties apply in the case of a failure to timely furnish a payee statement, a failure to include all required information on the statement, or the inclusion of incorrect information on the payee statement. Filing taxes Section 6724(d)(2) includes in the term “payee statement” copies of Forms 1099-MISC and 1099-C that are required to be furnished to taxpayers. Filing taxes SECTION 4. Filing taxes FEDERAL INCOME TAX TREATMENT . Filing taxes 01 Because a HAMP modification with a PRA principal reduction is a significant modification, it results in a deemed debt-for-debt exchange in which the HAMP-PRA borrower satisfies the old mortgage loan by issuing a new one. Filing taxes See § 1. Filing taxes 1001-3. Filing taxes At the time of the modification, therefore, under § 108 and this revenue procedure, the HAMP-PRA borrower realizes discharge of indebtedness income equal to any excess of the adjusted issue price of the old mortgage loan (which was satisfied in the deemed exchange) over the issue price of the new (post-modification) mortgage loan. Filing taxes See also § 61(a)(12) and § 1. Filing taxes 61-12(c). Filing taxes . Filing taxes 02 A HAMP-PRA borrower has the ability to avoid payment of the PRA Adjusted Forbearance Amount. Filing taxes Because the HAMP-PRA borrower has this ability, that amount should not be taken into account in determining the issue price of the new mortgage loan. Filing taxes Because the issue price of the new mortgage loan does not include the PRA Adjusted Forbearance Amount, the PRA Adjusted Forbearance Amount contributes to the excess of the adjusted issue price of the old mortgage loan (which was satisfied in the deemed exchange) over the issue price of the new mortgage loan. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 03 On the other hand, the investor has not given up its right to receive the remainder of the PRA Forbearance Amount, because the HAMP program administrator is expected to make those payments on the HAMP-PRA borrower’s behalf by making the PRA Investor Incentive Payments. Filing taxes Because the remainder of the PRA Forbearance Amount is payable in this manner, that remainder is included in the issue price of the new mortgage loan. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 04 The Trial Period Conditions are reasonable closing conditions that must be satisfied before the changes to the terms of the mortgage loan become permanent. Filing taxes Therefore, for purposes of § 1. Filing taxes 1001-3, the date of the modification is the date of the permanent modification. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 05 Unless an exclusion applies, the HAMP-PRA borrower includes in gross income the discharge of indebtedness income described in section 4. Filing taxes 01 of this revenue procedure for the taxable year in which the permanent modification occurs. Filing taxes Under certain conditions, however, section 6 of this revenue procedure permits a borrower to report the discharge of indebtedness under HAMP-PRA over the Three-year Period. Filing taxes The qualified principal residence indebtedness exclusion under § 108(a)(1)(E) and the insolvency exclusion under § 108(a)(1)(B) are two exclusions that may apply to the discharge. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 06 The PRA Investor Incentive Payment is treated as a payment on the mortgage loan by the HAMP program administrator on behalf of the HAMP-PRA borrower. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 07 To the extent that the HAMP-PRA borrower uses the property as the HAMP-PRA borrower’s principal residence or the property is occupied by the HAMP-PRA borrower’s legal dependent, parent, or grandparent without rent being charged or collected, the HAMP-PRA borrower excludes from his or her gross income under the general welfare exclusion the PRA Investor Incentive Payments that the HAMP program administrator makes to the investor in the mortgage loan. Filing taxes This is consistent with Rev. Filing taxes Rul. Filing taxes 2009-19, 2009-28 I. Filing taxes R. Filing taxes B. Filing taxes 111, which addressed the treatment of Pay-for-Performance Success Payments. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 08 To the extent that the HAMP-PRA borrower uses the property as a rental property or holds the property vacant and available for rent, the HAMP-PRA borrower includes PRA Investor Incentive Payments in gross income. Filing taxes If the HAMP-PRA borrower uses the cash receipts and disbursements method of accounting, then the HAMP-PRA borrower includes a PRA Investor Incentive Payment in gross income in the taxable year in which it is applied as a payment on the HAMP-PRA borrower’s mortgage loan. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 09 As described in section 2. Filing taxes 09 of this revenue procedure, if a HAMP-PRA borrower pays in full the Non-forbearance Portion of the mortgage loan while the loan is in good standing and prior to completion of the Three-year Period, that payment accelerates both the reduction in the remaining PRA Forbearance Amount and the PRA Investor Incentive Payments from the HAMP program administrator. Filing taxes To the extent that the HAMP-PRA borrower is described in section 4. Filing taxes 07 of this revenue procedure, the HAMP-PRA borrower excludes from his or her gross income under the general welfare exclusion the accelerated PRA Investor Incentive Payments. Filing taxes To the extent that the HAMP-PRA borrower is described in section 4. Filing taxes 08 of this revenue procedure, the HAMP-PRA borrower includes in income in the year of the acceleration the remaining amount of the PRA Investor Incentive Payment. Filing taxes SECTION 5. Filing taxes INFORMATION-REPORTING OBLIGATIONS . Filing taxes 01 Under § 6050P, the investor is required to file a Form 1099-C with respect to a borrower who realizes discharge of indebtedness of $600 or more. Filing taxes A copy of this form is required to be furnished to the borrower. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 02 As stated in sections 4. Filing taxes 01 and 4. Filing taxes 04 of this revenue procedure, the HAMP-PRA discharge of indebtedness is realized at the time of the permanent modification of the mortgage loan. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 03 An investor is an applicable entity that is required under § 1. Filing taxes 6050P-1 and this revenue procedure to issue a Form 1099-C for discharge of indebtedness. Filing taxes Under § 1. Filing taxes 6050P-1(b)(2)(F), the permanent modification of a mortgage loan is an identifiable event. Filing taxes Identifiable events determine when Forms 1099-C have to be issued. Filing taxes Thus, the Form 1099-C is issued for the calendar year in which the permanent mortgage loan modification occurs. Filing taxes This rule under § 1. Filing taxes 6050P-1(b)(2)(F) applies even if, under section 6 of this revenue procedure, the HAMP-PRA borrower chooses to treat the HAMP-PRA discharge as being realized at the times when the unpaid principal balance of the new mortgage loan is reduced. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 04 The investor (or the loan servicer acting on behalf of the investor) reports the full amount of the discharge on the Form 1099-C regardless of whether some or all of the amount is excludible from income under the qualified principal residence indebtedness exclusion, the insolvency exclusion, or any other exclusion that may apply. Filing taxes That discharged amount will generally be the PRA Adjusted Forbearance Amount (which does not include the amounts expected to be satisfied by PRA Investor Incentive Payments). Filing taxes . Filing taxes 05 To the extent that PRA Investor Incentive Payments are made on behalf of a HAMP-PRA borrower who is described in section 4. Filing taxes 07 of this revenue procedure, the PRA Investor Incentive Payments are excluded from the gross income of the HAMP-PRA borrower, and thus they are not fixed or determinable income to the HAMP-PRA borrower. Filing taxes Under § 6041, these payments are not subject to information reporting. Filing taxes See Notice 2011-14, 2011-11 I. Filing taxes R. Filing taxes B. Filing taxes 544, 546. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 06 To the extent that PRA Investor Incentive Payments are made on behalf of a HAMP-PRA borrower who is described in section 4. Filing taxes 08 of this revenue procedure, the PRA Investor Incentive Payments are includible in gross income as fixed or determinable income in the taxable year required by the HAMP-PRA borrower’s method of accounting. Filing taxes The payment is subject to the information reporting requirements of § 6041, as described in section 3. Filing taxes 15 of this revenue procedure. Filing taxes Accordingly, the HAMP program administrator is required to issue a Form 1099-MISC reporting the PRA Investor Incentive Payment. Filing taxes SECTION 6. Filing taxes HAMP-PRA BORROWERS’ REPORTING OF DISCHARGES OF INDEBTEDNESS UNDER HAMP-PRA . Filing taxes 01 In general. Filing taxes The HAMP-PRA program began in the last quarter of 2010, and since that time there has been uncertainty about whether the amount of the discharge of indebtedness should be reported in the year of the permanent modification or over the Three-year Period (when the unpaid principal balance on the new mortgage loan is reduced). Filing taxes As a result, some HAMP-PRA borrowers have been reporting the discharge of indebtedness under HAMP-PRA over the Three-year Period. Filing taxes Given the temporary nature of the program and the issuance of this guidance after participation in the program has begun, in the interests of equitable and sound tax administration, HAMP-PRA borrowers may report discharges of indebtedness under HAMP-PRA under the rules in this section 6. Filing taxes A HAMP-PRA borrower may choose to report discharges of indebtedness under HAMP-PRA pursuant to the rules in this section 6 only if the borrower applies the same borrower option under section 6. Filing taxes 02 of this revenue procedure consistently to the taxable year of the permanent modification and to all subsequent taxable years. Filing taxes Thus, a HAMP-PRA borrower may not choose a borrower option under section 6. Filing taxes 02 of this revenue procedure if a statute of limitations has expired for any of the taxable years that are necessary for consistent application of that option. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 02 HAMP-PRA borrower options. Filing taxes A HAMP-PRA borrower may treat the HAMP-PRA discharge as being realized in either of the following ways— (1) One hundred percent of the PRA Adjusted Forbearance Amount at the time of the permanent modification; or (2) One third of the PRA Adjusted Forbearance Amount on each of the first three annual anniversaries of the trial period plan effective date (described in section 2. Filing taxes 06 of this revenue procedure), when, as required by the terms of the new mortgage loan, the servicer reduces the unpaid principal balance of the new mortgage loan. Filing taxes If some or all of the reduction in the unpaid principal balance is accelerated (as described in section 2. Filing taxes 06 of this revenue procedure) because the HAMP-PRA borrower prepays the Non-forbearance Portion of the mortgage loan, then the HAMP-PRA discharge represented by the amount of the reduction that was accelerated is treated as being realized at the time of the accelerated reduction. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 03 HAMP-PRA borrowers who choose to realize the HAMP-PRA discharge at the time of the permanent modification. Filing taxes (1) If a HAMP-PRA borrower chooses to treat the HAMP-PRA discharge as being realized at the time of the permanent modification, then for the taxable year in which the permanent modification occurs, the HAMP-PRA borrower reports on Form 982 the amount, if any, of the discharge that is excluded from gross income and includes in gross income any remaining discharge. Filing taxes (2) If a HAMP-PRA borrower’s mortgage loan was permanently modified under HAMP in 2010 or 2011, and if the borrower was reporting the discharge of indebtedness using the method described in section 6. Filing taxes 02(2) of this revenue procedure, then the borrower may change to reporting the discharge of indebtedness using the method described in section 6. Filing taxes 02(1) of this revenue procedure by filing a 2012 Form 982 with the borrower’s timely filed (with extensions) 2012 income tax return. Filing taxes This section 6. Filing taxes 03(2) applies only if the change to reporting the discharge using the method described in section 6. Filing taxes 02(1) of this revenue procedure does not change the borrower’s federal income tax liability (including any change in federal income tax liability due to a change in basis or tax attributes (under § 108(h)(1) or § 108(b))) for any taxable year prior to the borrower’s 2012 taxable year. Filing taxes To make this change, the borrower must— (i) Compute the amount of discharge of indebtedness that would be included in income under § 61(a)(12) or excluded from gross income under § 108, basing the computation of the discharge on the facts as of the year of the permanent modification; and (ii) Report on a 2012 Form 982 the reduction in basis or tax attributes (under § 108(h)(1) or § 108(b)) due to the permanent modification that the borrower would have reported on the Form 982 for the taxable year of the permanent modification, minus any reductions due to the permanent modification that the borrower actually reported on Forms 982 for taxable years prior to 2012. Filing taxes (3) Example. Filing taxes The following example illustrates the application of section 6. Filing taxes 03(2) of this revenue procedure. Filing taxes In 2010, B’s basis in B’s principal residence was $330,000. Filing taxes In 2010, B’s mortgage loan on the principal residence is permanently modified under HAMP-PRA. Filing taxes B realized $30,000 of cancellation of indebtedness from the permanent modification, all of which qualifies for the exclusion from income for qualified principal residence indebtedness under § 108(a)(1)(E). Filing taxes The trial period plan effective date also fell in 2010. Filing taxes B’s federal income tax return for 2010 was consistent with B’s reporting this discharge of indebtedness using the method described in section 6. Filing taxes 02(2) of this revenue procedure. Filing taxes That is, B’s 2010 return did not include income from discharge of indebtedness under HAMP-PRA, nor did the return contain a Form 982 reporting exclusion of any such discharge of indebtedness. Filing taxes The next year, B reported on line 10(b) of the 2011 Form 982 that B filed with B’s 2011 federal income tax return a $10,000 reduction in basis in the principal residence. Filing taxes For 2012, B chooses to change to reporting the discharge of indebtedness using the method described in section 6. Filing taxes 02(1) of this revenue procedure. Filing taxes Thus, B files a 2012 Form 982 with B’s timely filed (including extensions) 2012 federal income tax return, and on line 10(b) of that form, B reports a $20,000 basis reduction in the principal residence ($30,000 basis reduction that B would have excluded from income in 2010 using the method described in section 6. Filing taxes 02(1) of this revenue procedure, minus the $10,000 basis reduction that B reported on B’s 2011 Form 982). Filing taxes (4) If a HAMP-PRA borrower reports the entire HAMP-PRA discharge using the method described in section 6. Filing taxes 02(1) of this revenue procedure, and if that HAMP-PRA borrower’s mortgage loan ceases to be in good standing during the Three-year Period as described in section 2. Filing taxes 10 of this revenue procedure, then some or all of the anticipated reductions in the PRA Adjusted Forbearance Amount will not take place. Filing taxes Because the amount of these anticipated reductions was not included in determining the issue price of the new mortgage loan that, pursuant to § 1. Filing taxes 1001-3, the HAMP-PRA borrower is deemed to issue in satisfaction of the old mortgage loan, the issue price of the new mortgage loan was understated. Filing taxes Under these circumstances, the discharge of indebtedness income determined as of the date of the permanent modification will have been overstated. Filing taxes (5) The Service will not challenge a HAMP-PRA borrower who is described in section 6. Filing taxes 03(4) of this revenue procedure and who takes the following corrective measures: (i) If a HAMP-PRA borrower included any of the discharge of indebtedness in gross income, the HAMP-PRA borrower may file an amended return that does not include the amount of the discharge of indebtedness that was previously reported as gross income but that, because of the HAMP-PRA borrower’s failure to keep the new mortgage loan in good standing, was not ultimately discharged. Filing taxes The amended return should be for the taxable year in which the income was included (that is, the year of the permanent modification), provided the applicable statute of limitations remains open for that taxable year. Filing taxes (ii) If the HAMP-PRA borrower did not include any of the discharge of indebtedness in gross income (that is, if the HAMP-PRA borrower excluded all of it), the HAMP-PRA borrower may file a new Form 982 that the Service will treat as superseding the earlier Form 982. Filing taxes The new Form 982 will reflect the revised reduction in basis or in tax attributes (under § 108(h)(1) or § 108(b)). Filing taxes The new Form 982 should be the Form 982 for the year of the permanent modification and should be filed with the return for the taxable year in which the HAMP-PRA borrower’s mortgage loan ceased to be in good standing. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 04 HAMP-PRA borrowers who choose to treat the HAMP-PRA discharge as being realized on the dates on which the unpaid principal balance of the mortgage loan is reduced. Filing taxes (1) If a HAMP-PRA borrower chooses to realize the HAMP-PRA discharge at the times that the unpaid principal balance on the new mortgage loan is reduced, instead of at the time of the permanent modification, then the HAMP-PRA borrower’s federal income tax returns for the taxable year that contains the permanent modification and for the subsequent taxable years must not treat any of the discharge as being realized at the time of the permanent modification and must treat the entire HAMP-PRA discharge as being realized in the amounts—and at the times—of the reductions in the unpaid principal balance. Filing taxes Except as described in the last sentence of this paragraph, therefore, the income tax return for the year of the permanent modification must include no gross income from—nor report on Form 982 an exclusion of—any amount of the HAMP-PRA discharge. Filing taxes Instead, the HAMP-PRA discharge is included in gross income (or is reported on Form 982 as excluded from gross income) in the subsequent years in which the unpaid principal balance is reduced. Filing taxes If the first such reduction occurs in the year of the permanent modification, however, then the amount of any such reduction is reflected as an inclusion or exclusion on the federal income tax return for that year. Filing taxes (2) A HAMP-PRA borrower who has been using the method described in section 6. Filing taxes 02(1) of this revenue procedure may change to the method described in section 6. Filing taxes 02(2) but must comply with the consistency and open-year requirements described in section 6. Filing taxes 01 of this revenue procedure. Filing taxes SECTION 7. Filing taxes PENALTY RELIEF FOR 2012 . Filing taxes 01 The Service will not assert penalties under § 6721 or § 6722 against an investor for failing to timely file and furnish a 2012 Form 1099-C as required by section 5. Filing taxes 03 through 5. Filing taxes 04 and section 8. Filing taxes 02 of this revenue procedure with respect to discharge of indebtedness resulting from HAMP-PRA permanent modifications that take place during calendar year 2012 if the following requirements are satisfied: (1) Not later than February 28, 2013, a statement is sent to the HAMP-PRA borrower containing the following: (a) The HAMP-PRA borrower’s name, address, and taxpayer identification number; and (b) The date and amount of the discharge of indebtedness (as described in sections 4. Filing taxes 01 through 4. Filing taxes 04 of this revenue procedure) that is required to be reported for 2012. Filing taxes (2) Not later than March 28, 2013, a statement is sent to the Service. Filing taxes It must be in the form of a single statement that separately lists for each HAMP-PRA borrower the information specified in section 7. Filing taxes 01(1) of this revenue procedure. Filing taxes The statement should be sent to the Service at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Center Stop 6728AUSC Austin, TX 73301 . Filing taxes 02 The Service will not assert penalties under § 6721 or § 6722 with respect to any Forms 1099-MISC for 2012 that sections 5. Filing taxes 06 and 8. Filing taxes 02 of this revenue procedure require to be filed with the Service and furnished to taxpayers. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 03 Section 8. Filing taxes 03 and 8. Filing taxes 04 of this revenue procedure, below, describes penalty relief regarding Forms 1099-C and 1099-MISC for 2010 and 2011. Filing taxes SECTION 8. Filing taxes SCOPE AND EFFECTIVE DATE . Filing taxes 01 This revenue procedure applies to all borrowers, investors, and servicers who participate, or have participated, in the HAMP-PRA, regardless of when the permanent modification occurs. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 02 Section 5 of this revenue procedure is effective for Forms 1099-C and 1099-MISC due or filed after January 24, 2013. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 03 Because of the effective date in section 8. Filing taxes 02 of this revenue procedure, an investor is not subject to penalties under § 6721 or § 6722 on the grounds that the investor failed to timely file and furnish a 2010 or 2011 Form 1099-C as described in section 5. Filing taxes 03 through 5. Filing taxes 04 of this revenue procedure (or on the grounds that the investor filed or furnished a 2010 or 2011 Form 1099-C that is inconsistent with section 5. Filing taxes 03 through 5. Filing taxes 04 of this revenue procedure), provided that the investor demonstrates a good faith attempt to comply with the requirements of § 6050P and that the failure was not due to willful neglect. Filing taxes . Filing taxes 04 Because of the effective date in section 8. Filing taxes 02 of this revenue procedure, the Service will not assert penalties under § 6721 or § 6722 on the grounds of a failure to timely file and furnish a 2010 or 2011 Form 1099-MISC, as described in section 5. Filing taxes 06 of this revenue procedure. Filing taxes SECTION 9. Filing taxes DRAFTING INFORMATION The principal authors of this revenue procedure are Ronald J. Filing taxes Goldstein of the Office of Chief Counsel (Procedure and Administration); Shareen S. Filing taxes Pflanz and Sheldon A. Filing taxes Iskow of the Office of Chief Counsel (Income Tax and Accounting); and Andrea M. Filing taxes Hoffenson of the Office of Chief Counsel (Financial Institutions and Products). Filing taxes For further information regarding this revenue procedure, contact Procedure and Administration branch 1 at (202) 622-4910, Income Tax and Accounting branch 4 at (202) 622-4920, or Financial Institutions and Products branch 1 at (202) 622-3920 (not toll-free calls). Filing taxes Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Internal Revenue Bulletins
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Filing taxes Publication 534 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Important Change for 1995 Introduction How To Use This Publication Important Change for 1995 Major changes to Publications 534 and 946. Filing taxes  This publication, as well as Publication 946,How To Depreciate Property, has been changed. Filing taxes Publication 534 has been shortened. Filing taxes It no longer contains general information on MACRS and the section 179 deduction. Filing taxes It contains a discussion of the accelerated cost recovery system (ACRS), the ACRS Percentage Tables, a discussion of other methods of depreciation, and a limited discussion of listed property. Filing taxes We expanded Publication 946 by adding material taken from Publication 534. Filing taxes We added more detail to the discussions of the section 179 deduction, the modified accelerated cost recovery system (MACRS), and listed property. Filing taxes We replaced the partialMACRS Percentage Tables with the complete ones from Publication 534. Filing taxes We also added the Table of Class Lives and Recovery Periods from Publication 534. Filing taxes We made these changes to eliminate most of the duplication that existed in the two publications. Filing taxes This will save money and make it easier for you to decide which publication you need. Filing taxes Use this publication to figure depreciation on property you placed in service before 1987; use Publication 946 to figure depreciation on property you placed in service after 1986. Filing taxes Introduction The law allows you to recover your cost in business or income-producing property through yearly tax deductions. Filing taxes You do this by depreciating your property, that is, by deducting some of your cost on your tax return each year. Filing taxes You can depreciate both tangible property, such as a car, building, or machinery, and certain intangible property, such as a copyright or a patent. Filing taxes The amount you can deduct depends on: How much the property cost, When you began using it, How long it will take to recover your cost, and Which of several depreciation methods you use. Filing taxes Depreciation defined. Filing taxes   Depreciation is a loss in the value of property over the time the property is being used. Filing taxes Events that can cause property to depreciate include wear and tear, age, deterioration, and obsolescence. Filing taxes You can get back your cost of certain property, such as equipment you use in your business or property used for the production of income by taking deductions for depreciation. Filing taxes Black's Law Dictionary Amortization. Filing taxes   Amortization is similar to depreciation. Filing taxes Using amortization, you can recover your cost or basis in certain property proportionately over a specific number of years or months. Filing taxes Examples of costs you can amortize are the costs of starting a business, reforestation, and pollution control facilities. Filing taxes You can find information on amortization inchapter 12 of Publication 535, Business Expenses. Filing taxes Alternative minimum tax. Filing taxes   If you use accelerated depreciation for real property, or personal property that is leased to others, you may be liable for the alternative minimum tax. Filing taxes Accelerated depreciation is any method, that allows recovery at a faster rate in the earlier years than the straight line method. Filing taxes For more information, you may wish to see the following: Form 6251, Alternative Minimum Tax-Individuals, and Publication 542, Tax Information on Corporations. Filing taxes Ordering publications and forms. Filing taxes   To order free publications and forms, 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676). Filing taxes You can also write to the IRS Forms Distribution Center nearest you. Filing taxes Check your income tax package for the address. Filing taxes   If you have access to a personal computer and a modem, you can also get many forms and publications electronically. Filing taxes See How To Get Forms and Publications in your income tax package for details. Filing taxes Telephone help. Filing taxes   You can call the IRS with your tax question Monday through Friday during regular business hours. Filing taxes Check your telephone book for the local number or you can call1-800-829-1040. Filing taxes Telephone help for hearing-impaired persons. Filing taxes   If you have access to TDD equipment, you can call 1-800-829-4059 with your tax question or to order forms and publications. Filing taxes See your tax package for the hours of operation. Filing taxes How To Use This Publication This publication describes the kinds of property that can be depreciated and the methods used to figure depreciation on property placed in service before 1987. Filing taxes It is divided into three chapters and contains an appendix. Filing taxes Chapter 1 explains the rules for depreciating property under the Accelerated Cost Recovery System (ACRS). Filing taxes Chapter 2 explains the rules for depreciating property first used before 1981. Filing taxes Chapter 3 explains the rules for listed property. Filing taxes Also this chapter defines listed property. Filing taxes The appendix contains the ACRS Percentage Tables. Filing taxes Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications