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File Past Year Taxes

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File Past Year Taxes

File past year taxes 26. File past year taxes   Car Expenses and Other Employee Business Expenses Table of Contents What's New Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Travel ExpensesTraveling Away From Home Tax Home Temporary Assignment or Job What Travel Expenses Are Deductible? Travel in the United States Travel Outside the United States Conventions Entertainment Expenses50% Limit What Entertainment Expenses Are Deductible? What Entertainment Expenses Are Not Deductible? Gift Expenses Transportation ExpensesArmed Forces reservists. File past year taxes Parking fees. File past year taxes Advertising display on car. File past year taxes Car pools. File past year taxes Hauling tools or instruments. File past year taxes Union members' trips from a union hall. File past year taxes Car Expenses RecordkeepingHow To Prove Expenses How Long To Keep Records and Receipts How To ReportGifts. File past year taxes Statutory employees. File past year taxes Reimbursements Completing Forms 2106 and 2106-EZ Special Rules What's New Standard mileage rate. File past year taxes  For 2013, the standard mileage rate for the cost of operating your car for business use is 56½ cents per mile. File past year taxes Car expenses and use of the standard mileage rate are explained under Transportation Expenses , later. File past year taxes Depreciation limits on cars, trucks, and vans. File past year taxes  For 2013, the first-year limit on the total section 179 deduction, special depreciation allowance, and depreciation deduction for cars remains at $11,160 ($3,160 if you elect not to claim the special depreciation allowance). File past year taxes For trucks and vans the first-year limit remains at $11,360 ($3,360 if you elect not to claim the special depreciation allowance). File past year taxes For more information, see Depreciation limits in Publication 463. File past year taxes Introduction You may be able to deduct the ordinary and necessary business-related expenses you have for: Travel, Entertainment, Gifts, or Transportation. File past year taxes An ordinary expense is one that is common and accepted in your trade or business. File past year taxes A necessary expense is one that is helpful and appropriate for your business. File past year taxes An expense does not have to be required to be considered necessary. File past year taxes This chapter explains the following. File past year taxes What expenses are deductible. File past year taxes How to report your expenses on your return. File past year taxes What records you need to prove your expenses. File past year taxes How to treat any expense reimbursements you may receive. File past year taxes Who does not need to use this chapter. File past year taxes   If you are an employee, you will not need to read this chapter if all of the following are true. File past year taxes You fully accounted to your employer for your work-related expenses. File past year taxes You received full reimbursement for your expenses. File past year taxes Your employer required you to return any excess reimbursement and you did so. File past year taxes There is no amount shown with a code “L” in box 12 of your Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement. File past year taxes If you meet all of these conditions, there is no need to show the expenses or the reimbursements on your return. File past year taxes See Reimbursements , later, if you would like more information on reimbursements and accounting to your employer. File past year taxes    If you meet these conditions and your employer included reimbursements on your Form W-2 in error, ask your employer for a corrected Form W-2. File past year taxes Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 463 Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and Car Expenses 535 Business Expenses Form (and Instructions) Schedule A (Form 1040) Itemized Deductions Schedule C (Form 1040) Profit or Loss From Business Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040) Net Profit From Business Schedule F (Form 1040) Profit or Loss From Farming Form 2106 Employee Business Expenses Form 2106-EZ Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses Travel Expenses If you temporarily travel away from your tax home, you can use this section to determine if you have deductible travel expenses. File past year taxes This section discusses: Traveling away from home, Tax home, Temporary assignment or job, and What travel expenses are deductible. File past year taxes It also discusses the standard meal allowance, rules for travel inside and outside the United States, and deductible convention expenses. File past year taxes Travel expenses defined. File past year taxes   For tax purposes, travel expenses are the ordinary and necessary expenses (defined earlier) of traveling away from home for your business, profession, or job. File past year taxes   You will find examples of deductible travel expenses in Table 26-1 . File past year taxes Traveling Away From Home You are traveling away from home if: Your duties require you to be away from the general area of your tax home (defined later) substantially longer than an ordinary day's work, and You need to sleep or rest to meet the demands of your work while away from home. File past year taxes This rest requirement is not satisfied by merely napping in your car. File past year taxes You do not have to be away from your tax home for a whole day or from dusk to dawn as long as your relief from duty is long enough to get necessary sleep or rest. File past year taxes Example 1. File past year taxes You are a railroad conductor. File past year taxes You leave your home terminal on a regularly scheduled round-trip run between two cities and return home 16 hours later. File past year taxes During the run, you have 6 hours off at your turnaround point where you eat two meals and rent a hotel room to get necessary sleep before starting the return trip. File past year taxes You are considered to be away from home. File past year taxes Example 2. File past year taxes You are a truck driver. File past year taxes You leave your terminal and return to it later the same day. File past year taxes You get an hour off at your turnaround point to eat. File past year taxes Because you are not off to get necessary sleep and the brief time off is not an adequate rest period, you are not traveling away from home. File past year taxes Members of the Armed Forces. File past year taxes   If you are a member of the U. File past year taxes S. File past year taxes Armed Forces on a permanent duty assignment overseas, you are not traveling away from home. File past year taxes You cannot deduct your expenses for meals and lodging. File past year taxes You cannot deduct these expenses even if you have to maintain a home in the United States for your family members who are not allowed to accompany you overseas. File past year taxes If you are transferred from one permanent duty station to another, you may have deductible moving expenses, which are explained in Publication 521, Moving Expenses. File past year taxes    A naval officer assigned to permanent duty aboard a ship that has regular eating and living facilities has a tax home aboard ship for travel expense purposes. File past year taxes Tax Home To determine whether you are traveling away from home, you must first determine the location of your tax home. File past year taxes Generally, your tax home is your regular place of business or post of duty, regardless of where you maintain your family home. File past year taxes It includes the entire city or general area in which your business or work is located. File past year taxes If you have more than one regular place of business, your tax home is your main place of business. File past year taxes See Main place of business or work , later. File past year taxes If you do not have a regular or a main place of business because of the nature of your work, then your tax home may be the place where you regularly live. File past year taxes See No main place of business or work , later. File past year taxes If you do not have a regular or a main place of business or post of duty and there is no place where you regularly live, you are considered an itinerant (a transient) and your tax home is wherever you work. File past year taxes As an itinerant, you cannot claim a travel expense deduction because you are never considered to be traveling away from home. File past year taxes Main place of business or work. File past year taxes   If you have more than one place of business or work, consider the following when determining which one is your main place of business or work. File past year taxes The total time you ordinarily spend in each place. File past year taxes The level of your business activity in each place. File past year taxes Whether your income from each place is significant or insignificant. File past year taxes Example. File past year taxes You live in Cincinnati where you have a seasonal job for 8 months each year and earn $40,000. File past year taxes You work the other 4 months in Miami, also at a seasonal job, and earn $15,000. File past year taxes Cincinnati is your main place of work because you spend most of your time there and earn most of your income there. File past year taxes No main place of business or work. File past year taxes   You may have a tax home even if you do not have a regular or main place of business or work. File past year taxes Your tax home may be the home where you regularly live. File past year taxes Factors used to determine tax home. File past year taxes   If you do not have a regular or main place of business or work, use the following three factors to determine where your tax home is. File past year taxes You perform part of your business in the area of your main home and use that home for lodging while doing business in the area. File past year taxes You have living expenses at your main home that you duplicate because your business requires you to be away from that home. File past year taxes You have not abandoned the area in which both your historical place of lodging and your claimed main home are located; you have a member or members of your family living at your main home; or you often use that home for lodging. File past year taxes   If you satisfy all three factors, your tax home is the home where you regularly live. File past year taxes If you satisfy only two factors, you may have a tax home depending on all the facts and circumstances. File past year taxes If you satisfy only one factor, you are an itinerant; your tax home is wherever you work and you cannot deduct travel expenses. File past year taxes Example. File past year taxes You are single and live in Boston in an apartment you rent. File past year taxes You have worked for your employer in Boston for a number of years. File past year taxes Your employer enrolls you in a 12-month executive training program. File past year taxes You do not expect to return to work in Boston after you complete your training. File past year taxes During your training, you do not do any work in Boston. File past year taxes Instead, you receive classroom and on-the-job training throughout the United States. File past year taxes You keep your apartment in Boston and return to it frequently. File past year taxes You use your apartment to conduct your personal business. File past year taxes You also keep up your community contacts in Boston. File past year taxes When you complete your training, you are transferred to Los Angeles. File past year taxes You do not satisfy factor (1) because you did not work in Boston. File past year taxes You satisfy factor (2) because you had duplicate living expenses. File past year taxes You also satisfy factor (3) because you did not abandon your apartment in Boston as your main home, you kept your community contacts, and you frequently returned to live in your apartment. File past year taxes Therefore, you have a tax home in Boston. File past year taxes Tax home different from family home. File past year taxes   If you (and your family) do not live at your tax home (defined earlier), you cannot deduct the cost of traveling between your tax home and your family home. File past year taxes You also cannot deduct the cost of meals and lodging while at your tax home. File past year taxes See Example 1 . File past year taxes   If you are working temporarily in the same city where you and your family live, you may be considered as traveling away from home. File past year taxes See Example 2 . File past year taxes Example 1. File past year taxes You are a truck driver and you and your family live in Tucson. File past year taxes You are employed by a trucking firm that has its terminal in Phoenix. File past year taxes At the end of your long runs, you return to your home terminal in Phoenix and spend one night there before returning home. File past year taxes You cannot deduct any expenses you have for meals and lodging in Phoenix or the cost of traveling from Phoenix to Tucson. File past year taxes This is because Phoenix is your tax home. File past year taxes Example 2. File past year taxes Your family home is in Pittsburgh, where you work 12 weeks a year. File past year taxes The rest of the year you work for the same employer in Baltimore. File past year taxes In Baltimore, you eat in restaurants and sleep in a rooming house. File past year taxes Your salary is the same whether you are in Pittsburgh or Baltimore. File past year taxes Because you spend most of your working time and earn most of your salary in Baltimore, that city is your tax home. File past year taxes You cannot deduct any expenses you have for meals and lodging there. File past year taxes However, when you return to work in Pittsburgh, you are away from your tax home even though you stay at your family home. File past year taxes You can deduct the cost of your round trip between Baltimore and Pittsburgh. File past year taxes You can also deduct your part of your family's living expenses for meals and lodging while you are living and working in Pittsburgh. File past year taxes Temporary Assignment or Job You may regularly work at your tax home and also work at another location. File past year taxes It may not be practical to return to your tax home from this other location at the end of each work day. File past year taxes Temporary assignment vs. File past year taxes indefinite assignment. File past year taxes   If your assignment or job away from your main place of work is temporary, your tax home does not change. File past year taxes You are considered to be away from home for the whole period you are away from your main place of work. File past year taxes You can deduct your travel expenses if they otherwise qualify for deduction. File past year taxes Generally, a temporary assignment in a single location is one that is realistically expected to last (and does in fact last) for 1 year or less. File past year taxes   However, if your assignment or job is indefinite, the location of the assignment or job becomes your new tax home and you cannot deduct your travel expenses while there. File past year taxes An assignment or job in a single location is considered indefinite if it is realistically expected to last for more than 1 year, whether or not it actually lasts for more than 1 year. File past year taxes   If your assignment is indefinite, you must include in your income any amounts you receive from your employer for living expenses, even if they are called travel allowances and you account to your employer for them. File past year taxes You may be able to deduct the cost of relocating to your new tax home as a moving expense. File past year taxes See Publication 521 for more information. File past year taxes Exception for federal crime investigations or prosecutions. File past year taxes   If you are a federal employee participating in a federal crime investigation or prosecution, you are not subject to the 1-year rule. File past year taxes This means you may be able to deduct travel expenses even if you are away from your tax home for more than 1 year, provided you meet the other requirements for deductibility. File past year taxes   For you to qualify, the Attorney General (or his or her designee) must certify that you are traveling: For the federal government, In a temporary duty status, and To investigate or prosecute, or provide support services for the investigation or prosecution of a federal crime. File past year taxes Determining temporary or indefinite. File past year taxes   You must determine whether your assignment is temporary or indefinite when you start work. File past year taxes If you expect an assignment or job to last for 1 year or less, it is temporary unless there are facts and circumstances that indicate otherwise. File past year taxes An assignment or job that is initially temporary may become indefinite due to changed circumstances. File past year taxes A series of assignments to the same location, all for short periods but that together cover a long period, may be considered an indefinite assignment. File past year taxes Going home on days off. File past year taxes   If you go back to your tax home from a temporary assignment on your days off, you are not considered away from home while you are in your hometown. File past year taxes You cannot deduct the cost of your meals and lodging there. File past year taxes However, you can deduct your travel expenses, including meals and lodging, while traveling between your temporary place of work and your tax home. File past year taxes You can claim these expenses up to the amount it would have cost you to stay at your temporary place of work. File past year taxes   If you keep your hotel room during your visit home, you can deduct the cost of your hotel room. File past year taxes In addition, you can deduct your expenses of returning home up to the amount you would have spent for meals had you stayed at your temporary place of work. File past year taxes Probationary work period. File past year taxes   If you take a job that requires you to move, with the understanding that you will keep the job if your work is satisfactory during a probationary period, the job is indefinite. File past year taxes You cannot deduct any of your expenses for meals and lodging during the probationary period. File past year taxes What Travel Expenses Are Deductible? Once you have determined that you are traveling away from your tax home, you can determine what travel expenses are deductible. File past year taxes You can deduct ordinary and necessary expenses you have when you travel away from home on business. File past year taxes The type of expense you can deduct depends on the facts and your circumstances. File past year taxes Table 26-1 summarizes travel expenses you may be able to deduct. File past year taxes You may have other deductible travel expenses that are not covered there, depending on the facts and your circumstances. File past year taxes When you travel away from home on business, you should keep records of all the expenses you have and any advances you receive from your employer. File past year taxes You can use a log, diary, notebook, or any other written record to keep track of your expenses. File past year taxes The types of expenses you need to record, along with supporting documentation, are described in Table 26-2 , later. File past year taxes Separating costs. File past year taxes   If you have one expense that includes the costs of meals, entertainment, and other services (such as lodging or transportation), you must allocate that expense between the cost of meals and entertainment and the cost of other services. File past year taxes You must have a reasonable basis for making this allocation. File past year taxes For example, you must allocate your expenses if a hotel includes one or more meals in its room charge. File past year taxes Travel expenses for another individual. File past year taxes   If a spouse, dependent, or other individual goes with you (or your employee) on a business trip or to a business convention, you generally cannot deduct his or her travel expenses. File past year taxes Employee. File past year taxes   You can deduct the travel expenses of someone who goes with you if that person: Is your employee, Has a bona fide business purpose for the travel, and Would otherwise be allowed to deduct the travel expenses. File past year taxes Business associate. File past year taxes   If a business associate travels with you and meets the conditions in (2) and (3) above, you can deduct the travel expenses you have for that person. File past year taxes A business associate is someone with whom you could reasonably expect to engage or deal in the active conduct of your business. File past year taxes A business associate can be a current or prospective (likely to become) customer, client, supplier, employee, agent, partner, or professional advisor. File past year taxes Bona fide business purpose. File past year taxes   A bona fide business purpose exists if you can prove a real business purpose for the individual's presence. File past year taxes Incidental services, such as typing notes or assisting in entertaining customers, are not enough to make the expenses deductible. File past year taxes Example. File past year taxes Jerry drives to Chicago on business and takes his wife, Linda, with him. File past year taxes Linda is not Jerry's employee. File past year taxes Linda occasionally types notes, performs similar services, and accompanies Jerry to luncheons and dinners. File past year taxes The performance of these services does not establish that her presence on the trip is necessary to the conduct of Jerry's business. File past year taxes Her expenses are not deductible. File past year taxes Jerry pays $199 a day for a double room. File past year taxes A single room costs $149 a day. File past year taxes He can deduct the total cost of driving his car to and from Chicago, but only $149 a day for his hotel room. File past year taxes If he uses public transportation, he can deduct only his fare. File past year taxes Table 26-1. File past year taxes Travel Expenses You Can Deduct This chart summarizes expenses you can deduct when you travel away from home for business purposes. File past year taxes IF you have expenses for. File past year taxes . File past year taxes . File past year taxes THEN you can deduct the cost of. File past year taxes . File past year taxes . File past year taxes transportation travel by airplane, train, bus, or car between your home and your business destination. File past year taxes If you were provided with a ticket or you are riding free as a result of a frequent traveler or similar program, your cost is zero. File past year taxes If you travel by ship, see Luxury Water Travel and Cruise ships (under Conventions) in Publication 463 for additional rules and limits. File past year taxes taxi, commuter bus, and airport limousine fares for these and other types of transportation that take you between: The airport or station and your hotel, and The hotel and the work location of your customers or clients, your business meeting place, or your temporary work location. File past year taxes baggage and shipping sending baggage and sample or display material between your regular and temporary work locations. File past year taxes car operating and maintaining your car when traveling away from home on business. File past year taxes You can deduct actual expenses or the standard mileage rate as well as business-related tolls and parking. File past year taxes If you rent a car while away from home on business, you can deduct only the business-use portion of the expenses. File past year taxes lodging and meals your lodging and meals if your business trip is overnight or long enough that you need to stop for sleep or rest to properly perform your duties. File past year taxes Meals include amounts spent for food, beverages, taxes, and related tips. File past year taxes See Meals and Incidental Expenses for additional rules and limits. File past year taxes cleaning dry cleaning and laundry. File past year taxes telephone business calls while on your business trip. File past year taxes This includes business communication by fax machine or other communication devices. File past year taxes tips tips you pay for any expenses in this chart. File past year taxes other other similar ordinary and necessary expenses related to your business travel. File past year taxes These expenses might include transportation to or from a business meal, public stenographer's fees, computer rental fees, and operating and maintaining a house trailer. File past year taxes Meals and Incidental Expenses You can deduct the cost of meals in either of the following situations. File past year taxes It is necessary for you to stop for substantial sleep or rest to properly perform your duties while traveling away from home on business. File past year taxes The meal is business-related entertainment. File past year taxes Business-related entertainment is discussed under Entertainment Expenses , later. File past year taxes The following discussion deals only with meals (and incidental expenses) that are not business-related entertainment. File past year taxes Lavish or extravagant. File past year taxes   You cannot deduct expenses for meals that are lavish or extravagant. File past year taxes An expense is not considered lavish or extravagant if it is reasonable based on the facts and circumstances. File past year taxes Expenses will not be disallowed merely because they are more than a fixed dollar amount or take place at deluxe restaurants, hotels, nightclubs, or resorts. File past year taxes 50% limit on meals. File past year taxes   You can figure your meal expenses using either of the following methods. File past year taxes Actual cost. File past year taxes The standard meal allowance. File past year taxes Both of these methods are explained below. File past year taxes But, regardless of the method you use, you generally can deduct only 50% of the unreimbursed cost of your meals. File past year taxes   If you are reimbursed for the cost of your meals, how you apply the 50% limit depends on whether your employer's reimbursement plan was accountable or nonaccountable. File past year taxes If you are not reimbursed, the 50% limit applies whether the unreimbursed meal expense is for business travel or business entertainment. File past year taxes The 50% limit is explained later under Entertainment Expenses . File past year taxes Accountable and nonaccountable plans are discussed later under Reimbursements . File past year taxes Actual cost. File past year taxes   You can use the actual cost of your meals to figure the amount of your expense before reimbursement and application of the 50% deduction limit. File past year taxes If you use this method, you must keep records of your actual cost. File past year taxes Standard meal allowance. File past year taxes   Generally, you can use the “standard meal allowance” method as an alternative to the actual cost method. File past year taxes It allows you to use a set amount for your daily meals and incidental expenses (M&IE), instead of keeping records of your actual costs. File past year taxes The set amount varies depending on where and when you travel. File past year taxes In this chapter, “standard meal allowance” refers to the federal rate for M&IE, discussed later under Amount of standard meal allowance . File past year taxes If you use the standard meal allowance, you still must keep records to prove the time, place, and business purpose of your travel. File past year taxes See Recordkeeping , later. File past year taxes Incidental expenses. File past year taxes   The term “incidental expenses” means fees and tips given to porters, baggage carriers, hotel staff, and staff on ships. File past year taxes Incidental expenses do not include expenses for laundry, cleaning and pressing of clothing, lodging taxes, costs of telegrams or telephone calls, transportation between places of lodging or business and places where meals are taken, or the mailing cost of filing travel vouchers and paying employer-sponsored charge card billings. File past year taxes Incidental expenses only method. File past year taxes   You can use an optional method (instead of actual cost) for deducting incidental expenses only. File past year taxes The amount of the deduction is $5 a day. File past year taxes You can use this method only if you did not pay or incur any meal expenses. File past year taxes You cannot use this method on any day that you use the standard meal allowance. File past year taxes    Federal employees should refer to the Federal Travel Regulations at  www. File past year taxes gsa. File past year taxes gov. File past year taxes Find “What GSA Offers” and click on “Regulations: FMR, FTR, & FAR” for Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) for changes affecting claims for reimbursement. File past year taxes 50% limit may apply. File past year taxes   If you use the standard meal allowance method for meal expenses and you are not reimbursed or you are reimbursed under a nonaccountable plan, you can generally deduct only 50% of the standard meal allowance. File past year taxes If you are reimbursed under an accountable plan and you are deducting amounts that are more than your reimbursements, you can deduct only 50% of the excess amount. File past year taxes The 50% limit is explained later under Entertainment Expenses . File past year taxes Accountable and nonaccountable plans are discussed later under Reimbursements . File past year taxes There is no optional standard lodging amount similar to the standard meal allowance. File past year taxes Your allowable lodging expense deduction is your actual cost. File past year taxes Who can use the standard meal allowance. File past year taxes   You can use the standard meal allowance whether you are an employee or self-employed, and whether or not you are reimbursed for your traveling expenses. File past year taxes   Use of the standard meal allowance for other travel. File past year taxes    You can use the standard meal allowance to figure your meal expenses when you travel in connection with investment and other income-producing property. File past year taxes You can also use it to figure your meal expenses when you travel for qualifying educational purposes. File past year taxes You cannot use the standard meal allowance to figure the cost of your meals when you travel for medical or charitable purposes. File past year taxes Amount of standard meal allowance. File past year taxes   The standard meal allowance is the federal M&IE rate. File past year taxes For travel in 2013, the daily rate for most small localities in the United States is $46. File past year taxes   Most major cities and many other localities in the United States are designated as high-cost areas, qualifying for higher standard meal allowances. File past year taxes You can find this information (organized by state) on the Internet at www. File past year taxes gsa. File past year taxes gov. File past year taxes Click on “Per Diem Rates,” then select “2013” for the period January 1, 2013 – September 30, 2013, and select “2014” for the period October 1, 2013 – December 31, 2013. File past year taxes However, you can apply the rates in effect before October 1, 2013, for expenses of all travel within the United States for 2013 instead of the updated rates. File past year taxes You must consistently use either the rates for the first 9 months for all of 2013 or the updated rates for the period of October 1, 2013, through December 31, 2013. File past year taxes   If you travel to more than one location in one day, use the rate in effect for the area where you stop for sleep or rest. File past year taxes If you work in the transportation industry, however, see Special rate for transportation workers , later. File past year taxes Standard meal allowance for areas outside the continental United States. File past year taxes    The standard meal allowance rates above do not apply to travel in Alaska, Hawaii, or any other location outside the continental United States. File past year taxes The Department of Defense establishes per diem rates for Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Midway, the Northern Mariana Islands, the U. File past year taxes S. File past year taxes Virgin Islands, Wake Island, and other non-foreign areas outside the continental United States. File past year taxes The Department of State establishes per diem rates for all other foreign areas. File past year taxes    You can access per diem rates for non-foreign areas outside the continental United States at: www. File past year taxes defensetravel. File past year taxes dod. File past year taxes mil/site/perdiemCalc. File past year taxes cfm. File past year taxes You can access all other foreign per diem rates at www. File past year taxes state. File past year taxes gov/travel/. File past year taxes Click on “Travel Per Diem Allowances for Foreign Areas” under “Foreign Per Diem Rates,” to obtain the latest foreign per diem rates. File past year taxes Special rate for transportation workers. File past year taxes   You can use a special standard meal allowance if you work in the transportation industry. File past year taxes You are in the transportation industry if your work: Directly involves moving people or goods by airplane, barge, bus, ship, train, or truck, and Regularly requires you to travel away from home and, during any single trip, usually involves travel to areas eligible for different standard meal allowance rates. File past year taxes If this applies to you, you can claim a standard daily meal allowance of $59 ($65 for travel outside the continental United States). File past year taxes   Using the special rate for transportation workers eliminates the need for you to determine the standard meal allowance for every area where you stop for sleep or rest. File past year taxes If you choose to use the special rate for any trip, you must use the special rate (and not use the regular standard meal allowance rates) for all trips you take that year. File past year taxes Travel for days you depart and return. File past year taxes   For both the day you depart for and the day you return from a business trip, you must prorate the standard meal allowance (figure a reduced amount for each day). File past year taxes You can do so by one of two methods. File past year taxes Method 1: You can claim 3/4 of the standard meal allowance. File past year taxes Method 2: You can prorate using any method that you consistently apply and that is in accordance with reasonable business practice. File past year taxes Example. File past year taxes Jen is employed in New Orleans as a convention planner. File past year taxes In March, her employer sent her on a 3-day trip to Washington, DC, to attend a planning seminar. File past year taxes She left her home in New Orleans at 10 a. File past year taxes m. File past year taxes on Wednesday and arrived in Washington, DC, at 5:30 p. File past year taxes m. File past year taxes After spending two nights there, she flew back to New Orleans on Friday and arrived back home at 8:00 p. File past year taxes m. File past year taxes Jen's employer gave her a flat amount to cover her expenses and included it with her wages. File past year taxes Under Method 1, Jen can claim 2½ days of the standard meal allowance for Washington, DC: 3/4 of the daily rate for Wednesday and Friday (the days she departed and returned), and the full daily rate for Thursday. File past year taxes Under Method 2, Jen could also use any method that she applies consistently and that is in accordance with reasonable business practice. File past year taxes For example, she could claim 3 days of the standard meal allowance even though a federal employee would have to use Method 1 and be limited to only 2½ days. File past year taxes Travel in the United States The following discussion applies to travel in the United States. File past year taxes For this purpose, the United States includes only the 50 states and the District of Columbia. File past year taxes The treatment of your travel expenses depends on how much of your trip was business related and on how much of your trip occurred within the United States. File past year taxes See Part of Trip Outside the United States , later. File past year taxes Trip Primarily for Business You can deduct all your travel expenses if your trip was entirely business related. File past year taxes If your trip was primarily for business and, while at your business destination, you extended your stay for a vacation, made a personal side trip, or had other personal activities, you can deduct your business-related travel expenses. File past year taxes These expenses include the travel costs of getting to and from your business destination and any business-related expenses at your business destination. File past year taxes Example. File past year taxes You work in Atlanta and take a business trip to New Orleans in May. File past year taxes On your way home, you stop in Mobile to visit your parents. File past year taxes You spend $1,996 for the 9 days you are away from home for travel, meals, lodging, and other travel expenses. File past year taxes If you had not stopped in Mobile, you would have been gone only 6 days, and your total cost would have been $1,696. File past year taxes You can deduct $1,696 for your trip, including the cost of round-trip transportation to and from New Orleans. File past year taxes The deduction for your meals is subject to the 50% limit on meals mentioned earlier. File past year taxes Trip Primarily for Personal Reasons If your trip was primarily for personal reasons, such as a vacation, the entire cost of the trip is a nondeductible personal expense. File past year taxes However, you can deduct any expenses you have while at your destination that are directly related to your business. File past year taxes A trip to a resort or on a cruise ship may be a vacation even if the promoter advertises that it is primarily for business. File past year taxes The scheduling of incidental business activities during a trip, such as viewing videotapes or attending lectures dealing with general subjects, will not change what is really a vacation into a business trip. File past year taxes Part of Trip Outside the United States If part of your trip is outside the United States, use the rules described later under Travel Outside the United States for that part of the trip. File past year taxes For the part of your trip that is inside the United States, use the rules for travel in the United States. File past year taxes Travel outside the United States does not include travel from one point in the United States to another point in the United States. File past year taxes The following discussion can help you determine whether your trip was entirely within the United States. File past year taxes Public transportation. File past year taxes   If you travel by public transportation, any place in the United States where that vehicle makes a scheduled stop is a point in the United States. File past year taxes Once the vehicle leaves the last scheduled stop in the United States on its way to a point outside the United States, you apply the rules under Travel Outside the United States . File past year taxes Example. File past year taxes You fly from New York to Puerto Rico with a scheduled stop in Miami. File past year taxes You return to New York nonstop. File past year taxes The flight from New York to Miami is in the United States, so only the flight from Miami to Puerto Rico is outside the United States. File past year taxes Because there are no scheduled stops between Puerto Rico and New York, all of the return trip is outside the United States. File past year taxes Private car. File past year taxes   Travel by private car in the United States is travel between points in the United States, even when you are on your way to a destination outside the United States. File past year taxes Example. File past year taxes You travel by car from Denver to Mexico City and return. File past year taxes Your travel from Denver to the border and from the border back to Denver is travel in the United States, and the rules in this section apply. File past year taxes The rules under Travel Outside the United States apply to your trip from the border to Mexico City and back to the border. File past year taxes Travel Outside the United States If any part of your business travel is outside the United States, some of your deductions for the cost of getting to and from your destination may be limited. File past year taxes For this purpose, the United States includes only the 50 states and the District of Columbia. File past year taxes How much of your travel expenses you can deduct depends in part upon how much of your trip outside the United States was business related. File past year taxes See chapter 1 of Publication 463 for information on luxury water travel. File past year taxes Travel Entirely for Business or Considered Entirely for Business You can deduct all your travel expenses of getting to and from your business destination if your trip is entirely for business or considered entirely for business. File past year taxes Travel entirely for business. File past year taxes   If you travel outside the United States and you spend the entire time on business activities, you can deduct all of your travel expenses. File past year taxes Travel considered entirely for business. File past year taxes   Even if you did not spend your entire time on business activities, your trip is considered entirely for business if you meet at least one of the following four exceptions. File past year taxes Exception 1 - No substantial control. File past year taxes   Your trip is considered entirely for business if you did not have substantial control over arranging the trip. File past year taxes The fact that you control the timing of your trip does not, by itself, mean that you have substantial control over arranging your trip. File past year taxes   You do not have substantial control over your trip if you: Are an employee who was reimbursed or paid a travel expense allowance, Are not related to your employer, and Are not a managing executive. File past year taxes    “Related to your employer” is defined later in this chapter under Per Diem and Car Allowances . File past year taxes   A “managing executive” is an employee who has the authority and responsibility, without being subject to the veto of another, to decide on the need for the business travel. File past year taxes    A self-employed person generally has substantial control over arranging business trips. File past year taxes Exception 2 - Outside United States no more than a week. File past year taxes   Your trip is considered entirely for business if you were outside the United States for a week or less, combining business and nonbusiness activities. File past year taxes One week means 7 consecutive days. File past year taxes In counting the days, do not count the day you leave the United States, but do count the day you return to the United States. File past year taxes Exception 3 - Less than 25% of time on personal activities. File past year taxes   Your trip is considered entirely for business if: You were outside the United States for more than a week, and You spent less than 25% of the total time you were outside the United States on nonbusiness activities. File past year taxes For this purpose, count both the day your trip began and the day it ended. File past year taxes Exception 4 - Vacation not a major consideration. File past year taxes   Your trip is considered entirely for business if you can establish that a personal vacation was not a major consideration, even if you have substantial control over arranging the trip. File past year taxes Travel Primarily for Business If you travel outside the United States primarily for business but spend some of your time on nonbusiness activities, you generally cannot deduct all of your travel expenses. File past year taxes You can only deduct the business portion of your cost of getting to and from your destination. File past year taxes You must allocate the costs between your business and nonbusiness activities to determine your deductible amount. File past year taxes These travel allocation rules are discussed in chapter 1 of Publication 463. File past year taxes You do not have to allocate your travel expense deduction if you meet one of the four exceptions listed earlier under Travel considered entirely for business. File past year taxes In those cases, you can deduct the total cost of getting to and from your destination. File past year taxes Travel Primarily for Personal Reasons If you travel outside the United States primarily for vacation or for investment purposes, the entire cost of the trip is a nondeductible personal expense. File past year taxes If you spend some time attending brief professional seminars or a continuing education program, you can deduct your registration fees and other expenses you have that are directly related to your business. File past year taxes Conventions You can deduct your travel expenses when you attend a convention if you can show that your attendance benefits your trade or business. File past year taxes You cannot deduct the travel expenses for your family. File past year taxes If the convention is for investment, political, social, or other purposes unrelated to your trade or business, you cannot deduct the expenses. File past year taxes Your appointment or election as a delegate does not, in itself, determine whether you can deduct travel expenses. File past year taxes You can deduct your travel expenses only if your attendance is connected to your own trade or business. File past year taxes Convention agenda. File past year taxes   The convention agenda or program generally shows the purpose of the convention. File past year taxes You can show your attendance at the convention benefits your trade or business by comparing the agenda with the official duties and responsibilities of your position. File past year taxes The agenda does not have to deal specifically with your official duties and responsibilities; it will be enough if the agenda is so related to your position that it shows your attendance was for business purposes. File past year taxes Conventions held outside the North American area. File past year taxes    See chapter 1 of Publication 463 for information on conventions held outside the North American area. File past year taxes Entertainment Expenses You may be able to deduct business-related entertainment expenses you have for entertaining a client, customer, or employee. File past year taxes You can deduct entertainment expenses only if they are both ordinary and necessary (defined earlier in the Introduction ) and meet one of the following tests. File past year taxes Directly-related test. File past year taxes Associated test. File past year taxes Both of these tests are explained in chapter 2 of Publication 463. File past year taxes The amount you can deduct for entertainment expenses may be limited. File past year taxes Generally, you can deduct only 50% of your unreimbursed entertainment expenses. File past year taxes This limit is discussed next. File past year taxes 50% Limit In general, you can deduct only 50% of your business-related meal and entertainment expenses. File past year taxes (If you are subject to the Department of Transportation's “hours of service” limits, you can deduct 80% of your business-related meal and entertainment expenses. File past year taxes See Individuals subject to “hours of service” limits , later. File past year taxes ) The 50% limit applies to employees or their employers, and to self-employed persons (including independent contractors) or their clients, depending on whether the expenses are reimbursed. File past year taxes Figure 26-A summarizes the general rules explained in this section. File past year taxes The 50% limit applies to business meals or entertainment expenses you have while: Traveling away from home (whether eating alone or with others) on business, Entertaining customers at your place of business, a restaurant, or other location, or Attending a business convention or reception, business meeting, or business luncheon at a club. File past year taxes Included expenses. File past year taxes   Expenses subject to the 50% limit include: Taxes and tips relating to a business meal or entertainment activity, Cover charges for admission to a nightclub, Rent paid for a room in which you hold a dinner or cocktail party, and Amounts paid for parking at a sports arena. File past year taxes However, the cost of transportation to and from a business meal or a business-related entertainment activity is not subject to the 50% limit. File past year taxes Application of 50% limit. File past year taxes   The 50% limit on meal and entertainment expenses applies if the expense is otherwise deductible and is not covered by one of the exceptions discussed later in this section. File past year taxes   The 50% limit also applies to certain meal and entertainment expenses that are not business related. File past year taxes It applies to meal and entertainment expenses incurred for the production of income, including rental or royalty income. File past year taxes It also applies to the cost of meals included in deductible educational expenses. File past year taxes When to apply the 50% limit. File past year taxes   You apply the 50% limit after determining the amount that would otherwise qualify for a deduction. File past year taxes You first have to determine the amount of meal and entertainment expenses that would be deductible under the other rules discussed in this chapter. File past year taxes Example 1. File past year taxes You spend $200 for a business-related meal. File past year taxes If $110 of that amount is not allowable because it is lavish and extravagant, the remaining $90 is subject to the 50% limit. File past year taxes Your deduction cannot be more than $45 (. File past year taxes 50 × $90). File past year taxes Example 2. File past year taxes You purchase two tickets to a concert and give them to a client. File past year taxes You purchased the tickets through a ticket agent. File past year taxes You paid $200 for the two tickets, which had a face value of $80 each ($160 total). File past year taxes Your deduction cannot be more than $80 (. File past year taxes 50 × $160). File past year taxes Exceptions to the 50% Limit Generally, business-related meal and entertainment expenses are subject to the 50% limit. File past year taxes Figure 26-A can help you determine if the 50% limit applies to you. File past year taxes Your meal or entertainment expense is not subject to the 50% limit if the expense meets one of the following exceptions. File past year taxes Employee's reimbursed expenses. File past year taxes   If you are an employee, you are not subject to the 50% limit on expenses for which your employer reimburses you under an accountable plan. File past year taxes Accountable plans are discussed later under Reimbursements . File past year taxes Individuals subject to “hours of service” limits. File past year taxes   You can deduct a higher percentage of your meal expenses while traveling away from your tax home if the meals take place during or incident to any period subject to the Department of Transportation's “hours of service” limits. File past year taxes The percentage is 80%. File past year taxes   Individuals subject to the Department of Transportation's “hours of service” limits include the following persons. File past year taxes Certain air transportation workers (such as pilots, crew, dispatchers, mechanics, and control tower operators) who are under Federal Aviation Administration regulations. File past year taxes Interstate truck operators and bus drivers who are under Department of Transportation regulations. File past year taxes Certain railroad employees (such as engineers, conductors, train crews, dispatchers, and control operations personnel) who are under Federal Railroad Administration regulations. File past year taxes Certain merchant mariners who are under Coast Guard regulations. File past year taxes Other exceptions. File past year taxes   There are also exceptions for the self-employed, advertising expenses, selling meals or entertainment, and charitable sports events. File past year taxes These are discussed in Publication 463. File past year taxes Figure 26-A. File past year taxes Does the 50% Limit Apply to Your Expenses? There are exceptions to these rules. File past year taxes See Exceptions to the 50% Limit . File past year taxes Please click here for the text description of the image. File past year taxes Entertainment expenses: 50% limit What Entertainment Expenses Are Deductible? This section explains different types of entertainment expenses you may be able to deduct. File past year taxes Entertainment. File past year taxes    Entertainment includes any activity generally considered to provide entertainment, amusement, or recreation. File past year taxes Examples include entertaining guests at nightclubs; at social, athletic, and sporting clubs; at theaters; at sporting events; or on hunting, fishing, vacation, and similar trips. File past year taxes A meal as a form of entertainment. File past year taxes   Entertainment includes the cost of a meal you provide to a customer or client, whether the meal is a part of other entertainment or by itself. File past year taxes A meal expense includes the cost of food, beverages, taxes, and tips for the meal. File past year taxes To deduct an entertainment-related meal, you or your employee must be present when the food or beverages are provided. File past year taxes You cannot claim the cost of your meal both as an entertainment expense and as a travel expense. File past year taxes Separating costs. File past year taxes   If you have one expense that includes the costs of entertainment and other services (such as lodging or transportation), you must allocate that expense between the cost of entertainment and the cost of other services. File past year taxes You must have a reasonable basis for making this allocation. File past year taxes For example, you must allocate your expenses if a hotel includes entertainment in its lounge on the same bill with your room charge. File past year taxes Taking turns paying for meals or entertainment. File past year taxes   If a group of business acquaintances take turns picking up each others' meal or entertainment checks without regard to whether any business purposes are served, no member of the group can deduct any part of the expense. File past year taxes Lavish or extravagant expenses. File past year taxes   You cannot deduct expenses for entertainment that are lavish or extravagant. File past year taxes An expense is not considered lavish or extravagant if it is reasonable considering the facts and circumstances. File past year taxes Expenses will not be disallowed just because they are more than a fixed dollar amount or take place at deluxe restaurants, hotels, nightclubs, or resorts. File past year taxes Trade association meetings. File past year taxes    You can deduct entertainment expenses that are directly related to, and necessary for, attending business meetings or conventions of certain exempt organizations if the expenses of your attendance are related to your active trade or business. File past year taxes These organizations include business leagues, chambers of commerce, real estate boards, trade associations, and professional associations. File past year taxes Entertainment tickets. File past year taxes   Generally, you cannot deduct more than the face value of an entertainment ticket, even if you paid a higher price. File past year taxes For example, you cannot deduct service fees you pay to ticket agencies or brokers or any amount over the face value of the tickets you pay to scalpers. File past year taxes What Entertainment Expenses Are Not Deductible? This section explains different types of entertainment expenses you generally may not be able to deduct. File past year taxes Club dues and membership fees. File past year taxes   You cannot deduct dues (including initiation fees) for membership in any club organized for: Business, Pleasure, Recreation, or Other social purpose. File past year taxes This rule applies to any membership organization if one of its principal purposes is either: To conduct entertainment activities for members or their guests, or To provide members or their guests with access to entertainment facilities. File past year taxes   The purposes and activities of a club, not its name, will determine whether or not you can deduct the dues. File past year taxes You cannot deduct dues paid to: Country clubs, Golf and athletic clubs, Airline clubs, Hotel clubs, and Clubs operated to provide meals under circumstances generally considered to be conducive to business discussions. File past year taxes Entertainment facilities. File past year taxes   Generally, you cannot deduct any expense for the use of an entertainment facility. File past year taxes This includes expenses for depreciation and operating costs such as rent, utilities, maintenance, and protection. File past year taxes   An entertainment facility is any property you own, rent, or use for entertainment. File past year taxes Examples include a yacht, hunting lodge, fishing camp, swimming pool, tennis court, bowling alley, car, airplane, apartment, hotel suite, or home in a vacation resort. File past year taxes Out-of-pocket expenses. File past year taxes   You can deduct out-of-pocket expenses, such as for food and beverages, catering, gas, and fishing bait, that you provided during entertainment at a facility. File past year taxes These are not expenses for the use of an entertainment facility. File past year taxes However, these expenses are subject to the directly-related and associated tests and to the 50% Limit discussed earlier. File past year taxes Additional information. File past year taxes   For more information on entertainment expenses, including discussions of the directly-related and associated tests, see chapter 2 of Publication 463. File past year taxes Gift Expenses If you give gifts in the course of your trade or business, you can deduct all or part of the cost. File past year taxes This section explains the limits and rules for deducting the costs of gifts. File past year taxes $25 limit. File past year taxes   You can deduct no more than $25 for business gifts you give directly or indirectly to each person during your tax year. File past year taxes A gift to a company that is intended for the eventual personal use or benefit of a particular person or a limited class of people will be considered an indirect gift to that particular person or to the individuals within that class of people who receive the gift. File past year taxes   If you give a gift to a member of a customer's family, the gift is generally considered to be an indirect gift to the customer. File past year taxes This rule does not apply if you have a bona fide, independent business connection with that family member and the gift is not intended for the customer's eventual use or benefit. File past year taxes   If you and your spouse both give gifts, both of you are treated as one taxpayer. File past year taxes It does not matter whether you have separate businesses, are separately employed, or whether each of you has an independent connection with the recipient. File past year taxes If a partnership gives gifts, the partnership and the partners are treated as one taxpayer. File past year taxes Incidental costs. File past year taxes   Incidental costs, such as engraving on jewelry, or packaging, insuring, and mailing, are generally not included in determining the cost of a gift for purposes of the $25 limit. File past year taxes   A cost is incidental only if it does not add substantial value to the gift. File past year taxes For example, the cost of customary gift wrapping is an incidental cost. File past year taxes However, the purchase of an ornamental basket for packaging fruit is not an incidental cost if the value of the basket is substantial compared to the value of the fruit. File past year taxes Exceptions. File past year taxes   The following items are not considered gifts for purposes of the $25 limit. File past year taxes An item that costs $4 or less and: Has your name clearly and permanently imprinted on the gift, and Is one of a number of identical items you widely distribute. File past year taxes Examples include pens, desk sets, and plastic bags and cases. File past year taxes Signs, display racks, or other promotional material to be used on the business premises of the recipient. File past year taxes Gift or entertainment. File past year taxes   Any item that might be considered either a gift or entertainment generally will be considered entertainment. File past year taxes However, if you give a customer packaged food or beverages you intend the customer to use at a later date, treat it as a gift. File past year taxes    If you give a customer tickets to a theater performance or sporting event and you do not go with the customer to the performance or event, you have a choice. File past year taxes You can treat the cost of the tickets as either a gift expense or an entertainment expense, whichever is to your advantage. File past year taxes    If you go with the customer to the event, you must treat the cost of the tickets as an entertainment expense. File past year taxes You cannot choose, in this case, to treat the cost of the tickets as a gift expense. File past year taxes Transportation Expenses This section discusses expenses you can deduct for business transportation when you are not traveling away from home as defined earlier under Travel Expenses . File past year taxes These expenses include the cost of transportation by air, rail, bus, taxi, etc. File past year taxes , and the cost of driving and maintaining your car. File past year taxes Transportation expenses include the ordinary and necessary costs of all of the following. File past year taxes Getting from one workplace to another in the course of your business or profession when you are traveling within the area of your tax home. File past year taxes (Tax home is defined earlier under Travel Expenses . File past year taxes ) Visiting clients or customers. File past year taxes Going to a business meeting away from your regular workplace. File past year taxes Getting from your home to a temporary workplace when you have one or more regular places of work. File past year taxes These temporary workplaces can be either within the area of your tax home or outside that area. File past year taxes Transportation expenses do not include expenses you have while traveling away from home overnight. File past year taxes Those expenses are travel expenses, discussed earlier. File past year taxes However, if you use your car while traveling away from home overnight, use the rules in this section to figure your car expense deduction. File past year taxes See Car Expenses , later. File past year taxes Illustration of transportation expenses. File past year taxes    Figure 26-B illustrates the rules for when you can deduct transportation expenses when you have a regular or main job away from your home. File past year taxes You may want to refer to it when deciding whether you can deduct your transportation expenses. File past year taxes Daily transportation expenses you incur while traveling from home to one or more regular places of business are generally nondeductible commuting expenses. File past year taxes However, there are many exceptions for deducting transportation expenses, like whether your work location is temporary (inside or outside the metropolitan area), traveling for same trade or business, or if you have a home office. File past year taxes Temporary work location. File past year taxes   If you have one or more regular work locations away from your home and you commute to a temporary work location in the same trade or business, you can deduct the expenses of the daily round-trip transportation between your home and the temporary location, regardless of distance. File past year taxes   If your employment at a work location is realistically expected to last (and does in fact last) for 1 year or less, the employment is temporary unless there are facts and circumstances that would indicate otherwise. File past year taxes   If your employment at a work location is realistically expected to last for more than 1 year or if there is no realistic expectation that the employment will last for 1 year or less, the employment is not temporary, regardless of whether it actually lasts for more than 1 year. File past year taxes   If employment at a work location initially is realistically expected to last for 1 year or less, but at some later date the employment is realistically expected to last more than 1 year, that employment will be treated as temporary (unless there are facts and circumstances that would indicate otherwise) until your expectation changes. File past year taxes It will not be treated as temporary after the date you determine it will last more than 1 year. File past year taxes   If the temporary work location is beyond the general area of your regular place of work and you stay overnight, you are traveling away from home. File past year taxes You may have deductible travel expenses as discussed earlier in this chapter. File past year taxes No regular place of work. File past year taxes   If you have no regular place of work but ordinarily work in the metropolitan area where you live, you can deduct daily transportation costs between home and a temporary work site outside that metropolitan area. File past year taxes   Generally, a metropolitan area includes the area within the city limits and the suburbs that are considered part of that metropolitan area. File past year taxes   You cannot deduct daily transportation costs between your home and temporary work sites within your metropolitan area. File past year taxes These are nondeductible commuting expenses. File past year taxes Two places of work. File past year taxes   If you work at two places in one day, whether or not for the same employer, you can deduct the expense of getting from one workplace to the other. File past year taxes However, if for some personal reason you do not go directly from one location to the other, you cannot deduct more than the amount it would have cost you to go directly from the first location to the second. File past year taxes   Transportation expenses you have in going between home and a part-time job on a day off from your main job are commuting expenses. File past year taxes You cannot deduct them. File past year taxes Armed Forces reservists. File past year taxes   A meeting of an Armed Forces reserve unit is a second place of business if the meeting is held on a day on which you work at your regular job. File past year taxes You can deduct the expense of getting from one workplace to the other as just discussed under Two places of work , earlier. File past year taxes   You usually cannot deduct the expense if the reserve meeting is held on a day on which you do not work at your regular job. File past year taxes In this case, your transportation generally is a nondeductible commuting expense. File past year taxes However, you can deduct your transportation expenses if the location of the meeting is temporary and you have one or more regular places of work. File past year taxes   If you ordinarily work in a particular metropolitan area but not at any specific location and the reserve meeting is held at a temporary location outside that metropolitan area, you can deduct your transportation expenses. File past year taxes   If you travel away from home overnight to attend a guard or reserve meeting, you can deduct your travel expenses. File past year taxes These expenses are discussed earlier under Travel Expenses . File past year taxes   If you travel more than 100 miles away from home in connection with your performance of services as a member of the reserves, you may be able to deduct some of your reserve-related travel costs as an adjustment to income rather than as an itemized deduction. File past year taxes See Armed Forces reservists traveling more than 100 miles from home under Special Rules, later. File past year taxes Commuting expenses. File past year taxes   You cannot deduct the costs of taking a bus, trolley, subway, or taxi, or of driving a car between your home and your main or regular place of work. File past year taxes These costs are personal commuting expenses. File past year taxes You cannot deduct commuting expenses no matter how far your home is from your regular place of work. File past year taxes You cannot deduct commuting expenses even if you work during the commuting trip. File past year taxes Example. File past year taxes You sometimes use your cell phone to make business calls while commuting to and from work. File past year taxes Sometimes business associates ride with you to and from work, and you have a business discussion in the car. File past year taxes These activities do not change the trip from personal to business. File past year taxes You cannot deduct your commuting expenses. File past year taxes Parking fees. File past year taxes   Fees you pay to park your car at your place of business are nondeductible commuting expenses. File past year taxes You can, however, deduct business-related parking fees when visiting a customer or client. File past year taxes Advertising display on car. File past year taxes   Putting display material that advertises your business on your car does not change the use of your car from personal use to business use. File past year taxes If you use this car for commuting or other personal uses, you still cannot deduct your expenses for those uses. File past year taxes Car pools. File past year taxes   You cannot deduct the cost of using your car in a nonprofit car pool. File past year taxes Do not include payments you receive from the passengers in your income. File past year taxes These payments are considered reimbursements of your expenses. File past year taxes However, if you operate a car pool for a profit, you must include payments from passengers in your income. File past year taxes You can then deduct your car expenses (using the rules in this chapter). File past year taxes Hauling tools or instruments. File past year taxes   Hauling tools or instruments in your car while commuting to and from work does not make your car expenses deductible. File past year taxes However, you can deduct any additional costs you have for hauling tools or instruments (such as for renting a trailer you tow with your car). File past year taxes Union members' trips from a union hall. File past year taxes   If you get your work assignments at a union hall and then go to your place of work, the costs of getting from the union hall to your place of work are nondeductible commuting expenses. File past year taxes Although you need the union to get your work assignments, you are employed where you work, not where the union hall is located. File past year taxes Office in the home. File past year taxes   If you have an office in your home that qualifies as a principal place of business, you can deduct your daily transportation costs between your home and another work location in the same trade or business. File past year taxes (See chapter 28 for information on determining if your home office qualifies as a principal place of business. File past year taxes ) Figure 26-B. File past year taxes When Are Transportation Expenses Deductible? Most employees and self-employed persons can use this chart. File past year taxes (Do not use this chart if your home is your principal place of business. File past year taxes See Office in the home . File past year taxes ) Please click here for the text description of the image. File past year taxes Figure 26-B. File past year taxes Local Transportation Examples of deductible transportation. File past year taxes   The following examples show when you can deduct transportation expenses based on the location of your work and your home. File past year taxes Example 1. File past year taxes You regularly work in an office in the city where you live. File past year taxes Your employer sends you to a 1-week training session at a different office in the same city. File past year taxes You travel directly from your home to the training location and return each day. File past year taxes You can deduct the cost of your daily round-trip transportation between your home and the training location. File past year taxes Example 2. File past year taxes Your principal place of business is in your home. File past year taxes You can deduct the cost of round-trip transportation between your qualifying home office and your client's or customer's place of business. File past year taxes Example 3. File past year taxes You have no regular office, and you do not have an office in your home. File past year taxes In this case, the location of your first business contact inside the metropolitan area is considered your office. File past year taxes Transportation expenses between your home and this first contact are nondeductible commuting expenses. File past year taxes Transportation expenses between your last business contact and your home are also nondeductible commuting expenses. File past year taxes While you cannot deduct the costs of these first and last trips, you can deduct the costs of going from one client or customer to another. File past year taxes With no regular or home office, the costs of travel between two or more business contacts in a metropolitan area are deductible while the costs of travel between the home to (and from) business contacts are not deductible. File past year taxes Car Expenses If you use your car for business purposes, you may be able to deduct car expenses. File past year taxes You generally can use one of the two following methods to figure your deductible expenses. File past year taxes Standard mileage rate. File past year taxes Actual car expenses. File past year taxes If you use actual car expenses to figure your deduction for a car you lease, there are rules that affect the amount of your lease payments you can deduct. File past year taxes See Leasing a car under Actual Car Expenses, later. File past year taxes In this chapter, “car” includes a van, pickup, or panel truck. File past year taxes Rural mail carriers. File past year taxes   If you are a rural mail carrier, you may be able to treat the amount of qualified reimbursement you received as the amount of your allowable expense. File past year taxes Because the qualified reimbursement is treated as paid under an accountable plan, your employer should not include the amount of reimbursement in your income. File past year taxes   If your vehicle expenses are more than the amount of your reimbursement, you can deduct the unreimbursed expenses as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040). File past year taxes You must complete Form 2106 and attach it to your Form 1040. File past year taxes   A “qualified reimbursement” is the reimbursement you receive that meets both of the following conditions. File past year taxes It is given as an equipment maintenance allowance (EMA) to employees of the U. File past year taxes S. File past year taxes Postal Service. File past year taxes It is at the rate contained in the 1991 collective bargaining agreement. File past year taxes Any later agreement cannot increase the qualified reimbursement amount by more than the rate of inflation. File past year taxes See your employer for information on your reimbursement. File past year taxes If you are a rural mail carrier and received a qualified reimbursement, you cannot use the standard mileage rate. File past year taxes Standard Mileage Rate You may be able to use the standard mileage rate to figure the deductible costs of operating your car for business purposes. File past year taxes For 2013, the standard mileage rate for business use is 56½ cents per mile. File past year taxes If you use the standard mileage rate for a year, you cannot deduct your actual car expenses for that year, but see Parking fees and tolls, later. File past year taxes You generally can use the standard mileage rate whether or not you are reimbursed and whether or not any reimbursement is more or less than the amount figured using the standard mileage rate. File past year taxes See Reimbursements under How To Report, later. File past year taxes Choosing the standard mileage rate. File past year taxes   If you want to use the standard mileage rate for a car you own, you must choose to use it in the first year the car is available for use in your business. File past year taxes Then in later years, you can choose to use either the standard mileage rate or actual expenses. File past year taxes   If you want to use the standard mileage rate for a car you lease, you must use it for the entire lease period. File past year taxes   You must make the choice to use the standard mileage rate by the due date (including extensions) of your return. File past year taxes You cannot revoke the choice. File past year taxes However, in a later year, you can switch from the standard mileage rate to the actual expenses method. File past year taxes If you change to the actual expenses method in a later year, but before your car is fully depreciated, you have to estimate the remaining useful life of the car and use straight line depreciation. File past year taxes Example. File past year taxes Larry is an employee who occasionally uses his own car for business purposes. File past year taxes He purchased the car in 2011, but he did not claim any unreimburse
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The File Past Year Taxes

File past year taxes Publication 583 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Introduction Introduction Table 1. File past year taxes What New Business Owners Need To Know About Federal Taxes   (Note: This table is intended to help you, as a new business owner, learn what you need to know about your federal tax responsibilities. File past year taxes To use it, ask yourself each question in the left column, then see the related discussion in the right column. File past year taxes ) What Must I Know? Where To Find the Answer Which form of business will I use? See Forms of Business. File past year taxes Will I need an employer identification number (EIN)? See Identification Numbers. File past year taxes Do I have to start my tax year in January, or may I start it in any other month? See Tax Year. File past year taxes What method can I use to account for my income and expenses? See Accounting Method. File past year taxes What kinds of federal taxes will I have to pay? How should I pay my taxes? See Business Taxes. File past year taxes What must I do if I have employees? See Employment Taxes. File past year taxes Which forms must I file? See Table 2 and Information Returns. File past year taxes Are there penalties if I do not pay my taxes or file my returns? See Penalties. File past year taxes What business expenses can I deduct on my federal income tax return? See Business Expenses. File past year taxes What records must I keep? How long must I keep them? See Recordkeeping. File past year taxes This publication provides basic federal tax information for people who are starting a business. File past year taxes It also provides information on keeping records and illustrates a recordkeeping system. File past year taxes Throughout this publication we refer to other IRS publications and forms where you will find more information. File past year taxes In addition, you may want to contact other government agencies, such as the Small Business Administration (SBA). File past year taxes See How To Get More Information later. File past year taxes Comments and suggestions. File past year taxes   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. File past year taxes   You can write to us at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Business Forms and Publications Branch SE:W:CAR:MP:T:B 1111 Constitution Ave. File past year taxes NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. File past year taxes Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. File past year taxes   You can email us at taxforms@irs. File past year taxes gov. File past year taxes Please put “Publications Comment” on the subject line. File past year taxes You can also send us comments from www. File past year taxes irs. File past year taxes gov/formspubs, select “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications” under “Information about. File past year taxes ”   Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. File past year taxes Ordering forms and publications. File past year taxes Visit www. File past year taxes irs. File past year taxes gov/formspubs to download forms and publications, call 1-800-829-3676, or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. File past year taxes Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. File past year taxes Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705–6613 Tax questions. File past year taxes   If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS. File past year taxes gov or call 1-800-829-1040. File past year taxes We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses. File past year taxes Future Developments. File past year taxes   The IRS has created a page on IRS. File past year taxes gov for information about Publication 583 at www. File past year taxes irs. File past year taxes gov/pub583. File past year taxes Information about any future developments affecting Publication 583 (such as legislation enacted after we release it) will be posted on that page. File past year taxes Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications