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Amending Tax Return Online

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Amending Tax Return Online

Amending tax return online Publication 970 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Future Developments What's New Reminders IntroductionComparison table. Amending tax return online Ordering forms and publications. Amending tax return online Tax questions. Amending tax return online Useful Items - You may want to see: Future Developments For the latest information about developments related to Publication 970, such as legislation enacted after it was published, go to www. Amending tax return online irs. Amending tax return online gov/pub970. Amending tax return online What's New Lifetime learning credit. Amending tax return online  For 2013, the amount of your lifetime learning credit is gradually reduced (phased out) if your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is between $53,000 and $63,000 ($107,000 and $127,000 if you file a joint return). Amending tax return online You cannot claim a credit if your MAGI is $63,000 or more ($127,000 or more if you file a joint return). Amending tax return online This is an increase from the 2012 limits of $52,000 and $62,000 ($104,000 and $124,000 if filing a joint return). Amending tax return online For more information, see chapter 3, Lifetime Learning Credit . Amending tax return online Business deduction for work-related education. Amending tax return online  For 2013, if you drive your car to and from school and qualify to deduct transportation expenses, the amount you can deduct for miles driven from January 1, 2013 through December 31, 2013 is 56. Amending tax return online 5 cents per mile. Amending tax return online See chapter 12, Business Deduction for Work-Related Education , for more information. Amending tax return online Reminders Form 1098-T, Tuition Statement. Amending tax return online  When figuring an education credit or the tuition and fees deduction, use only the amounts you paid and are deemed to have paid during the tax year for qualified education expenses. Amending tax return online In most cases, the student should receive Form 1098-T from the eligible educational institution by January 31, 2014. Amending tax return online An institution my choose to report either payments received during calendar year 2013 (box 1), or amounts billed during the calendar year 2013 (box 2), for qualified education expenses. Amending tax return online However, the amounts in boxes 1 and 2 of Form 1098-T might be different than the amount you actually paid and are deemed to have paid. Amending tax return online In addition, the Form 1098-T should give you other information for that institution, such as adjustments made for prior years, the amount of scholarships or grants, reimbursements, or refunds, and whether the student was enrolled at least half-time or was a graduate student. Amending tax return online The eligible educational institution may ask for a completed Form W-9S, Request for Student's or Borrower's Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification, or similar statement to obtain the student's name, address, and taxpayer identification number. Amending tax return online Hope Scholarship Credit. Amending tax return online  For 2013, the Hope Scholarship Credit is not available. Amending tax return online However, you may be able to claim an American opportunity or lifetime learning credit. Amending tax return online See chapter 2, American Opportunity Credit , and chapter 3, Lifetime Learning Credit , for more information. Amending tax return online Estimated tax payments. Amending tax return online  If you have taxable income from any of your education benefits and the payer does not withhold enough income tax, you may need to make estimated tax payments. Amending tax return online For more information, see Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. Amending tax return online Photographs of missing children. Amending tax return online  The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Amending tax return online Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. Amending tax return online You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678) if you recognize a child. Amending tax return online Introduction This publication explains tax benefits that may be available to you if you are saving for or paying education costs for yourself or, in many cases, another student who is a member of your immediate family. Amending tax return online Most benefits apply only to higher education. Amending tax return online What is in this publication. Amending tax return online    Chapter 1, Scholarships, Fellowships, Grants, and Tuition Reductions , explains the tax treatment of various types of educational assistance, including scholarships, fellowships, and tuition reductions. Amending tax return online   Two tax credits for which you may be eligible are explained in chapter 2, American Opportunity Credit , and chapter 3, Lifetime Learning Credit . Amending tax return online These benefits, which reduce the amount of income tax you may have to pay, are: The American opportunity credit, and The lifetime learning credit. Amending tax return online    Ten other types of benefits are explained in chapters 4 through 12. Amending tax return online These benefits, which reduce the amount of income tax you may have to pay, are: Deduct student loan interest; Receive tax-free treatment of a canceled student loan; Receive tax-free student loan repayment assistance; Deduct tuition and fees for education; Establish and contribute to a Coverdell education savings account (ESA), which features tax-free earnings; Participate in a qualified tuition program (QTP), which features tax-free earnings; Take early distributions from any type of individual retirement arrangement (IRA) for education costs without paying the 10% additional tax on early distributions; Cash in savings bonds for education costs without having to pay tax on the interest; Receive tax-free educational benefits from your employer; and Take a business deduction for work-related education. Amending tax return online Note. Amending tax return online You generally cannot claim more than one of the benefits described in the list above for the same qualifying education expense. Amending tax return online Comparison table. Amending tax return online   Some of the features of these benefits are highlighted in Appendix B, Highlights of Education Tax Benefits for Tax Year 2013 , later, in this publication. Amending tax return online This general comparison table may guide you in determining which benefits you may be eligible for and which chapters you may want to read. Amending tax return online When you figure your taxes, you may want to compare these tax benefits so you can choose the method(s) that gives you the lowest tax liability. Amending tax return online If you qualify, you may find that a combination of credit(s) and deduction(s) gives you the lowest tax. Amending tax return online Analyzing your tax withholding. Amending tax return online   After you estimate your education tax benefits for the year, you may be able to reduce the amount of your federal income tax withholding. Amending tax return online Also, you may want to recheck your withholding during the year if your personal or financial situation changes. Amending tax return online See Publication 919, How Do I Adjust My Tax Withholding, for more information. Amending tax return online Glossary. Amending tax return online   In this publication, wherever appropriate, we have tried to use the same or similar terminology when referring to the basic components of each education benefit. Amending tax return online Some of the terms used are: Qualified education expenses, Eligible educational institution, and Modified adjusted gross income. Amending tax return online   Even though the same term, such as qualified education expenses, is used to label a basic component of many of the education benefits, the same expenses are not necessarily allowed for each benefit. Amending tax return online For example, the cost of room and board is a qualified education expense for the qualified tuition program, but not for the education savings bond program. Amending tax return online   Many of the terms used in the publication are defined in the glossary near the end of the publication. Amending tax return online The glossary is not intended to be a substitute for reading the chapter on a particular education benefit, but it will give you an overview of how certain terms are used in discussing the different benefits. Amending tax return online Comments and suggestions. Amending tax return online   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. Amending tax return online   You can write to us at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Tax Forms and Publications Division 1111 Constitution Ave. Amending tax return online NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. Amending tax return online Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. Amending tax return online   You can send your comments from www. Amending tax return online irs. Amending tax return online gov/formspubs/. Amending tax return online Click on “More Information” and then on “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications”. Amending tax return online   Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. Amending tax return online Ordering forms and publications. Amending tax return online   Visit www. Amending tax return online irs. Amending tax return online gov/formspubs/ to download forms and publications, call 1-800-TAX-FORM (1-800-829-3676), or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. Amending tax return online Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Amending tax return online Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Tax questions. Amending tax return online   If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS. Amending tax return online gov or call 1-800-829-1040. Amending tax return online We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses. Amending tax return online Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 463 Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and Car Expenses 525 Taxable and Nontaxable Income 550 Investment Income and Expenses 590 Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) Form (and Instructions) 1040 U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Individual Income Tax Return 1040A U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Individual Income Tax Return 1040EZ Income Tax Return for Single and Joint Filers With No Dependents 1040NR U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Nonresident Alien Income Tax Return 1040NR-EZ U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Income Tax Return for Certain Nonresident Aliens With No Dependents 2106 Employee Business Expenses 2106-EZ Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses 5329 Additional Taxes on Qualified Plans and Other Tax-Favored Accounts 8815 Exclusion of Interest From Series EE and I U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Savings Bonds Issued After 1989 8863 Education Credits 8917 Tuition and Fees Deduction Schedule A (Form 1040) Itemized Deductions  See chapter 13, How To Get Tax Help , for information about getting these publications and forms. Amending tax return online Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Phone Number: 815-963-2222

The Amending Tax Return Online

Amending tax return online 4. Amending tax return online   Foreign Earned Income and Housing: Exclusion – Deduction Table of Contents Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Who Qualifies for the Exclusions and the Deduction? RequirementsTax Home in Foreign Country Bona Fide Residence Test Physical Presence Test Waiver of Time Requirements U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Travel Restrictions Foreign Earned Income Foreign Earned Income ExclusionLimit on Excludable Amount Choosing the Exclusion Foreign Housing Exclusion and DeductionHousing Amount Foreign Housing Exclusion Foreign Housing Deduction Married Couples Form 2555 and Form 2555-EZForm 2555-EZ Form 2555 Topics - This chapter discusses: Who qualifies for the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, and the foreign housing deduction, The requirements that must be met to claim either exclusion or the deduction, How to figure the foreign earned income exclusion, and How to figure the foreign housing exclusion and the foreign housing deduction. Amending tax return online Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 519 U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Tax Guide for Aliens 570 Tax Guide for Individuals With Income from U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Possessions 596 Earned Income Credit (EIC) Form (and Instructions) 1040X Amended U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Individual Income Tax Return 2555 Foreign Earned Income 2555-EZ Foreign Earned Income Exclusion See chapter 7 for information about getting these publications and forms. Amending tax return online Who Qualifies for the Exclusions and the Deduction? If you meet certain requirements, you may qualify for the foreign earned income and foreign housing exclusions and the foreign housing deduction. Amending tax return online If you are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen or a resident alien of the United States and you live abroad, you are taxed on your worldwide income. Amending tax return online However, you may qualify to exclude from income up to $97,600 of your foreign earnings. Amending tax return online In addition, you can exclude or deduct certain foreign housing amounts. Amending tax return online See Foreign Earned Income Exclusion and Foreign Housing Exclusion and Deduction, later. Amending tax return online You also may be entitled to exclude from income the value of meals and lodging provided to you by your employer. Amending tax return online See Exclusion of Meals and Lodging, later. Amending tax return online Requirements To claim the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, or the foreign housing deduction, you must meet all three of the following requirements. Amending tax return online Your tax home must be in a foreign country. Amending tax return online You must have foreign earned income. Amending tax return online You must be one of the following. Amending tax return online A U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen who is a bona fide resident of a foreign country or countries for an uninterrupted period that includes an entire tax year. Amending tax return online A U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online resident alien who is a citizen or national of a country with which the United States has an income tax treaty in effect and who is a bona fide resident of a foreign country or countries for an uninterrupted period that includes an entire tax year. Amending tax return online A U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen or a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online resident alien who is physically present in a foreign country or countries for at least 330 full days during any period of 12 consecutive months. Amending tax return online See Publication 519 to find out if you are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online resident alien for tax purposes and whether you keep that alien status when you temporarily work abroad. Amending tax return online If you are a nonresident alien married to a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen or resident alien, and both you and your spouse choose to treat you as a resident alien, you are a resident alien for tax purposes. Amending tax return online For information on making the choice, see the discussion in chapter 1 under Nonresident Alien Spouse Treated as a Resident . Amending tax return online Waiver of minimum time requirements. Amending tax return online   The minimum time requirements for bona fide residence and physical presence can be waived if you must leave a foreign country because of war, civil unrest, or similar adverse conditions in that country. Amending tax return online This is fully explained under Waiver of Time Requirements , later. Amending tax return online   See Figure 4-A and information in this chapter to determine if you are eligible to claim either exclusion or the deduction. Amending tax return online Tax Home in Foreign Country To qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, or the foreign housing deduction, your tax home must be in a foreign country throughout your period of bona fide residence or physical presence abroad. Amending tax return online Bona fide residence and physical presence are explained later. Amending tax return online Tax Home Your tax home is the general area of your main place of business, employment, or post of duty, regardless of where you maintain your family home. Amending tax return online Your tax home is the place where you are permanently or indefinitely engaged to work as an employee or self-employed individual. Amending tax return online Having a “tax home” in a given location does not necessarily mean that the given location is your residence or domicile for tax purposes. Amending tax return online If you do not have a regular or main place of business because of the nature of your work, your tax home may be the place where you regularly live. Amending tax return online If you have neither a regular or main place of business nor a place where you regularly live, you are considered an itinerant and your tax home is wherever you work. Amending tax return online You are not considered to have a tax home in a foreign country for any period in which your abode is in the United States. Amending tax return online However, your abode is not necessarily in the United States while you are temporarily in the United States. Amending tax return online Your abode is also not necessarily in the United States merely because you maintain a dwelling in the United States, whether or not your spouse or dependents use the dwelling. Amending tax return online “Abode” has been variously defined as one's home, habitation, residence, domicile, or place of dwelling. Amending tax return online It does not mean your principal place of business. Amending tax return online “Abode” has a domestic rather than a vocational meaning and does not mean the same as “tax home. Amending tax return online ” The location of your abode often will depend on where you maintain your economic, family, and personal ties. Amending tax return online Example 1. Amending tax return online You are employed on an offshore oil rig in the territorial waters of a foreign country and work a 28-day on/28-day off schedule. Amending tax return online You return to your family residence in the United States during your off periods. Amending tax return online You are considered to have an abode in the United States and do not satisfy the tax home test in the foreign country. Amending tax return online You cannot claim either of the exclusions or the housing deduction. Amending tax return online Example 2. Amending tax return online For several years, you were a marketing executive with a producer of machine tools in Toledo, Ohio. Amending tax return online In November of last year, your employer transferred you to London, England, for a minimum of 18 months to set up a sales operation for Europe. Amending tax return online Before you left, you distributed business cards showing your business and home addresses in London. Amending tax return online You kept ownership of your home in Toledo but rented it to another family. Amending tax return online You placed your car in storage. Amending tax return online In November of last year, you moved your spouse, children, furniture, and family pets to a home your employer rented for you in London. Amending tax return online Shortly after moving, you leased a car and you and your spouse got British driving licenses. Amending tax return online Your entire family got library cards for the local public library. Amending tax return online You and your spouse opened bank accounts with a London bank and secured consumer credit. Amending tax return online You joined a local business league and both you and your spouse became active in the neighborhood civic association and worked with a local charity. Amending tax return online Your abode is in London for the time you live there. Amending tax return online You satisfy the tax home test in the foreign country. Amending tax return online Please click here for the text description of the image. Amending tax return online Figure 4–A Can I Claim the Exclusion or Deduction? Temporary or Indefinite Assignment The location of your tax home often depends on whether your assignment is temporary or indefinite. Amending tax return online If you are temporarily absent from your tax home in the United States on business, you may be able to deduct your away-from-home expenses (for travel, meals, and lodging), but you would not qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion. Amending tax return online If your new work assignment is for an indefinite period, your new place of employment becomes your tax home and you would not be able to deduct any of the related expenses that you have in the general area of this new work assignment. Amending tax return online If your new tax home is in a foreign country and you meet the other requirements, your earnings may qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion. Amending tax return online If you expect your employment away from home in a single location to last, and it does last, for 1 year or less, it is temporary unless facts and circumstances indicate otherwise. Amending tax return online If you expect it to last for more than 1 year, it is indefinite. Amending tax return online If you expect it to last for 1 year or less, but at some later date you expect it to last longer than 1 year, it is temporary (in the absence of facts and circumstances indicating otherwise) until your expectation changes. Amending tax return online Once your expectation changes, it is indefinite. Amending tax return online Foreign Country To meet the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test, you must live in or be present in a foreign country. Amending tax return online A foreign country includes any territory under the sovereignty of a government other than that of the United States. Amending tax return online The term “foreign country” includes the country's airspace and territorial waters, but not international waters and the airspace above them. Amending tax return online It also includes the seabed and subsoil of those submarine areas adjacent to the country's territorial waters over which it has exclusive rights under international law to explore and exploit the natural resources. Amending tax return online The term “foreign country” does not include Antarctica or U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online possessions such as Puerto Rico, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Virgin Islands, and Johnston Island. Amending tax return online For purposes of the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, and the foreign housing deduction, the terms “foreign,” “abroad,” and “overseas” refer to areas outside the United States and those areas listed or described in the previous sentence. Amending tax return online American Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Residence or presence in a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online possession does not qualify you for the foreign earned income exclusion. Amending tax return online You may, however, qualify for an exclusion of your possession income on your U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online return. Amending tax return online American Samoa. Amending tax return online   There is a possession exclusion available to individuals who are bona fide residents of American Samoa for the entire tax year. Amending tax return online Gross income from sources within American Samoa may be eligible for this exclusion. Amending tax return online Income that is effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business within American Samoa also may be eligible for this exclusion. Amending tax return online Use Form 4563, Exclusion of Income for Bona Fide Residents of American Samoa, to figure the exclusion. Amending tax return online Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Amending tax return online   An exclusion will be available to residents of Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands if, and when, new implementation agreements take effect between the United States and those possessions. Amending tax return online   For more information, see Publication 570. Amending tax return online Puerto Rico and U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Virgin Islands Residents of Puerto Rico and the U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Virgin Islands cannot claim the foreign earned income exclusion or the foreign housing exclusion. Amending tax return online Puerto Rico. Amending tax return online   Generally, if you are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen who is a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico for the entire tax year, you are not subject to U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online tax on income from Puerto Rican sources. Amending tax return online This does not include amounts paid for services performed as an employee of the United States. Amending tax return online However, you are subject to U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online tax on your income from sources outside Puerto Rico. Amending tax return online In figuring your U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online tax, you cannot deduct expenses allocable to income not subject to tax. Amending tax return online Bona Fide Residence Test You meet the bona fide residence test if you are a bona fide resident of a foreign country or countries for an uninterrupted period that includes an entire tax year. Amending tax return online You can use the bona fide residence test to qualify for the exclusions and the deduction only if you are either: A U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen, or A U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online resident alien who is a citizen or national of a country with which the United States has an income tax treaty in effect. Amending tax return online You do not automatically acquire bona fide resident status merely by living in a foreign country or countries for 1 year. Amending tax return online If you go to a foreign country to work on a particular job for a specified period of time, you ordinarily will not be regarded as a bona fide resident of that country even though you work there for 1 tax year or longer. Amending tax return online The length of your stay and the nature of your job are only two of the factors to be considered in determining whether you meet the bona fide residence test. Amending tax return online Bona fide residence. Amending tax return online   To meet the bona fide residence test, you must have established a bona fide residence in a foreign country. Amending tax return online   Your bona fide residence is not necessarily the same as your domicile. Amending tax return online Your domicile is your permanent home, the place to which you always return or intend to return. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online You could have your domicile in Cleveland, Ohio, and a bona fide residence in Edinburgh, Scotland, if you intend to return eventually to Cleveland. Amending tax return online The fact that you go to Scotland does not automatically make Scotland your bona fide residence. Amending tax return online If you go there as a tourist, or on a short business trip, and return to the United States, you have not established bona fide residence in Scotland. Amending tax return online But if you go to Scotland to work for an indefinite or extended period and you set up permanent quarters there for yourself and your family, you probably have established a bona fide residence in a foreign country, even though you intend to return eventually to the United States. Amending tax return online You are clearly not a resident of Scotland in the first instance. Amending tax return online However, in the second, you are a resident because your stay in Scotland appears to be permanent. Amending tax return online If your residency is not as clearly defined as either of these illustrations, it may be more difficult to decide whether you have established a bona fide residence. Amending tax return online Determination. Amending tax return online   Questions of bona fide residence are determined according to each individual case, taking into account factors such as your intention, the purpose of your trip, and the nature and length of your stay abroad. Amending tax return online   To meet the bona fide residence test, you must show the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) that you have been a bona fide resident of a foreign country or countries for an uninterrupted period that includes an entire tax year. Amending tax return online The IRS decides whether you are a bona fide resident of a foreign country largely on the basis of facts you report on Form 2555. Amending tax return online IRS cannot make this determination until you file Form 2555. Amending tax return online Statement to foreign authorities. Amending tax return online   You are not considered a bona fide resident of a foreign country if you make a statement to the authorities of that country that you are not a resident of that country, and the authorities: Hold that you are not subject to their income tax laws as a resident, or Have not made a final decision on your status. Amending tax return online Special agreements and treaties. Amending tax return online   An income tax exemption provided in a treaty or other international agreement will not in itself prevent you from being a bona fide resident of a foreign country. Amending tax return online Whether a treaty prevents you from becoming a bona fide resident of a foreign country is determined under all provisions of the treaty, including specific provisions relating to residence or privileges and immunities. Amending tax return online Example 1. Amending tax return online You are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen employed in the United Kingdom by a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online employer under contract with the U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Armed Forces. Amending tax return online You are not subject to the North Atlantic Treaty Status of Forces Agreement. Amending tax return online You may be a bona fide resident of the United Kingdom. Amending tax return online Example 2. Amending tax return online You are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen in the United Kingdom who qualifies as an “employee” of an armed service or as a member of a “civilian component” under the North Atlantic Treaty Status of Forces Agreement. Amending tax return online You are not a bona fide resident of the United Kingdom. Amending tax return online Example 3. Amending tax return online You are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen employed in Japan by a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online employer under contract with the U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Armed Forces. Amending tax return online You are subject to the agreement of the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan. Amending tax return online Being subject to the agreement does not make you a bona fide resident of Japan. Amending tax return online Example 4. Amending tax return online You are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen employed as an “official” by the United Nations in Switzerland. Amending tax return online You are exempt from Swiss taxation on the salary or wages paid to you by the United Nations. Amending tax return online This does not prevent you from being a bona fide resident of Switzerland. Amending tax return online Effect of voting by absentee ballot. Amending tax return online   If you are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen living abroad, you can vote by absentee ballot in any election held in the United States without risking your status as a bona fide resident of a foreign country. Amending tax return online   However, if you give information to the local election officials about the nature and length of your stay abroad that does not match the information you give for the bona fide residence test, the information given in connection with absentee voting will be considered in determining your status, but will not necessarily be conclusive. Amending tax return online Uninterrupted period including entire tax year. Amending tax return online   To meet the bona fide residence test, you must reside in a foreign country or countries for an uninterrupted period that includes an entire tax year. Amending tax return online An entire tax year is from January 1 through December 31 for taxpayers who file their income tax returns on a calendar year basis. Amending tax return online   During the period of bona fide residence in a foreign country, you can leave the country for brief or temporary trips back to the United States or elsewhere for vacation or business. Amending tax return online To keep your status as a bona fide resident of a foreign country, you must have a clear intention of returning from such trips, without unreasonable delay, to your foreign residence or to a new bona fide residence in another foreign country. Amending tax return online Example 1. Amending tax return online You arrived with your family in Lisbon, Portugal, on November 1, 2011. Amending tax return online Your assignment is indefinite, and you intend to live there with your family until your company sends you to a new post. Amending tax return online You immediately established residence there. Amending tax return online You spent April of 2012 at a business conference in the United States. Amending tax return online Your family stayed in Lisbon. Amending tax return online Immediately following the conference, you returned to Lisbon and continued living there. Amending tax return online On January 1, 2013, you completed an uninterrupted period of residence for a full tax year (2012), and you meet the bona fide residence test. Amending tax return online Example 2. Amending tax return online Assume the same facts as in Example 1, except that you transferred back to the United States on December 13, 2012. Amending tax return online You would not meet the bona fide residence test because your bona fide residence in the foreign country, although it lasted more than a year, did not include a full tax year. Amending tax return online You may, however, qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion or the housing exclusion or deduction under the physical presence test (discussed later). Amending tax return online Bona fide resident for part of a year. Amending tax return online   Once you have established bona fide residence in a foreign country for an uninterrupted period that includes an entire tax year, you are a bona fide resident of that country for the period starting with the date you actually began the residence and ending with the date you abandon the foreign residence. Amending tax return online Your period of bona fide residence can include an entire tax year plus parts of 2 other tax years. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online You were a bona fide resident of Singapore from March 1, 2011, through September 14, 2013. Amending tax return online On September 15, 2013, you returned to the United States. Amending tax return online Since you were a bona fide resident of a foreign country for all of 2012, you were also a bona fide resident of a foreign country from March 1, 2011, through the end of 2011 and from January 1, 2013, through September 14, 2013. Amending tax return online Reassignment. Amending tax return online   If you are assigned from one foreign post to another, you may or may not have a break in foreign residence between your assignments, depending on the circumstances. Amending tax return online Example 1. Amending tax return online You were a resident of Pakistan from October 1, 2012, through November 30, 2013. Amending tax return online On December 1, 2013, you and your family returned to the United States to wait for an assignment to another foreign country. Amending tax return online Your household goods also were returned to the United States. Amending tax return online Your foreign residence ended on November 30, 2013, and did not begin again until after you were assigned to another foreign country and physically entered that country. Amending tax return online Since you were not a bona fide resident of a foreign country for the entire tax year of 2012 or 2013 you do not meet the bona fide residence test in either year. Amending tax return online You may, however, qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion or the housing exclusion or deduction under the physical presence test, discussed later. Amending tax return online Example 2. Amending tax return online Assume the same facts as in Example 1, except that upon completion of your assignment in Pakistan you were given a new assignment to Turkey. Amending tax return online On December 1, 2013, you and your family returned to the United States for a month's vacation. Amending tax return online On January 2, 2014, you arrived in Turkey for your new assignment. Amending tax return online Because you did not interrupt your bona fide residence abroad, you meet the bona fide residence test. Amending tax return online Physical Presence Test You meet the physical presence test if you are physically present in a foreign country or countries 330 full days during a period of 12 consecutive months. Amending tax return online The 330 days do not have to be consecutive. Amending tax return online Any U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen or resident alien can use the physical presence test to qualify for the exclusions and the deduction. Amending tax return online The physical presence test is based only on how long you stay in a foreign country or countries. Amending tax return online This test does not depend on the kind of residence you establish, your intentions about returning, or the nature and purpose of your stay abroad. Amending tax return online 330 full days. Amending tax return online   Generally, to meet the physical presence test, you must be physically present in a foreign country or countries for at least 330 full days during a 12-month period. Amending tax return online You can count days you spent abroad for any reason. Amending tax return online You do not have to be in a foreign country only for employment purposes. Amending tax return online You can be on vacation. Amending tax return online   You do not meet the physical presence test if illness, family problems, a vacation, or your employer's orders cause you to be present for less than the required amount of time. Amending tax return online Exception. Amending tax return online   You can be physically present in a foreign country or countries for less than 330 full days and still meet the physical presence test if you are required to leave a country because of war or civil unrest. Amending tax return online See Waiver of Time Requirements, later. Amending tax return online Full day. Amending tax return online   A full day is a period of 24 consecutive hours, beginning at midnight. Amending tax return online Travel. Amending tax return online    When you leave the United States to go directly to a foreign country or when you return directly to the United States from a foreign country, the time you spend on or over international waters does not count toward the 330-day total. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online You leave the United States for France by air on June 10. Amending tax return online You arrive in France at 9:00 a. Amending tax return online m. Amending tax return online on June 11. Amending tax return online Your first full day of physical presence in France is June 12. Amending tax return online Passing over foreign country. Amending tax return online   If, in traveling from the United States to a foreign country, you pass over a foreign country before midnight of the day you leave, the first day you can count toward the 330-day total is the day following the day you leave the United States. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online You leave the United States by air at 9:30 a. Amending tax return online m. Amending tax return online on June 10 to travel to Kenya. Amending tax return online You pass over western Africa at 11:00 p. Amending tax return online m. Amending tax return online on June 10 and arrive in Kenya at 12:30 a. Amending tax return online m. Amending tax return online on June 11. Amending tax return online Your first full day in a foreign country is June 11. Amending tax return online Change of location. Amending tax return online   You can move about from one place to another in a foreign country or to another foreign country without losing full days. Amending tax return online If any part of your travel is not within any foreign country and takes less than 24 hours, you are considered to be in a foreign country during that part of travel. Amending tax return online Example 1. Amending tax return online You leave Ireland by air at 11:00 p. Amending tax return online m. Amending tax return online on July 6 and arrive in Sweden at 5:00 a. Amending tax return online m. Amending tax return online on July 7. Amending tax return online Your trip takes less than 24 hours and you lose no full days. Amending tax return online Example 2. Amending tax return online You leave Norway by ship at 10:00 p. Amending tax return online m. Amending tax return online on July 6 and arrive in Portugal at 6:00 a. Amending tax return online m. Amending tax return online on July 8. Amending tax return online Since your travel is not within a foreign country or countries and the trip takes more than 24 hours, you lose as full days July 6, 7, and 8. Amending tax return online If you remain in Portugal, your next full day in a foreign country is July 9. Amending tax return online In United States while in transit. Amending tax return online   If you are in transit between two points outside the United States and are physically present in the United States for less than 24 hours, you are not treated as present in the United States during the transit. Amending tax return online You are treated as traveling over areas not within any foreign country. Amending tax return online    Please click here for the text description of the image. Amending tax return online Figure 4-B How to figure the 12-month period. Amending tax return online   There are four rules you should know when figuring the 12-month period. Amending tax return online Your 12-month period can begin with any day of the month. Amending tax return online It ends the day before the same calendar day, 12 months later. Amending tax return online Your 12-month period must be made up of consecutive months. Amending tax return online Any 12-month period can be used if the 330 days in a foreign country fall within that period. Amending tax return online You do not have to begin your 12-month period with your first full day in a foreign country or end it with the day you leave. Amending tax return online You can choose the 12-month period that gives you the greatest exclusion. Amending tax return online In determining whether the 12-month period falls within a longer stay in the foreign country, 12-month periods can overlap one another. Amending tax return online Example 1. Amending tax return online You are a construction worker who works on and off in a foreign country over a 20-month period. Amending tax return online You might pick up the 330 full days in a 12-month period only during the middle months of the time you work in the foreign country because the first few and last few months of the 20-month period are broken up by long visits to the United States. Amending tax return online Example 2. Amending tax return online You work in New Zealand for a 20-month period from January 1, 2012, through August 31, 2013, except that you spend 28 days in February 2012 and 28 days in February 2013 on vacation in the United States. Amending tax return online You are present in New Zealand for at least 330 full days during each of the following two 12-month periods: January 1, 2012 – December 31, 2012 and September 1, 2012 – August 31, 2013. Amending tax return online By overlapping the 12-month periods in this way, you meet the physical presence test for the whole 20-month period. Amending tax return online See Figure 4-B, on the previous page. Amending tax return online Waiver of Time Requirements Both the bona fide residence test and the physical presence test contain minimum time requirements. Amending tax return online The minimum time requirements can be waived, however, if you must leave a foreign country because of war, civil unrest, or similar adverse conditions in that country. Amending tax return online You must be able to show that you reasonably could have expected to meet the minimum time requirements if not for the adverse conditions. Amending tax return online To qualify for the waiver, you must actually have your tax home in the foreign country and be a bona fide resident of, or be physically present in, the foreign country on or before the beginning date of the waiver. Amending tax return online Early in 2014, the IRS will publish in the Internal Revenue Bulletin a list of the only countries that qualify for the waiver for 2013 and the effective dates. Amending tax return online If you left one of the countries on or after the date listed for each country, you can meet the bona fide residence test or physical presence test for 2013 without meeting the minimum time requirement. Amending tax return online However, in figuring your exclusion, the number of your qualifying days of bona fide residence or physical presence includes only days of actual residence or presence within the country. Amending tax return online U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Travel Restrictions If you are present in a foreign country in violation of U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online law, you will not be treated as a bona fide resident of a foreign country or as physically present in a foreign country while you are in violation of the law. Amending tax return online Income that you earn from sources within such a country for services performed during a period of violation does not qualify as foreign earned income. Amending tax return online Your housing expenses within that country (or outside that country for housing your spouse or dependents) while you are in violation of the law cannot be included in figuring your foreign housing amount. Amending tax return online For 2013, the only country to which travel restrictions applied was Cuba. Amending tax return online The restrictions applied for the entire year. Amending tax return online However, individuals working at the U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba are not in violation of U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online law. Amending tax return online Personal service income earned by individuals at the base is eligible for the foreign earned income exclusion provided the other requirements are met. Amending tax return online Foreign Earned Income To claim the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, or the foreign housing deduction, you must have foreign earned income. Amending tax return online Foreign earned income generally is income you receive for services you perform during a period in which you meet both of the following requirements. Amending tax return online Your tax home is in a foreign country. Amending tax return online You meet either the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test. Amending tax return online To determine whether your tax home is in a foreign country, see Tax Home in Foreign Country, earlier. Amending tax return online To determine whether you meet either the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test, see Bona Fide Residence Test and Physical Presence Test, earlier. Amending tax return online Foreign earned income does not include the following amounts. Amending tax return online The value of meals and lodging that you exclude from your income because the meals and lodging were furnished for the convenience of your employer. Amending tax return online Pension or annuity payments you receive, including social security benefits (see Pensions and annuities, later). Amending tax return online Pay you receive as an employee of the U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Government. Amending tax return online (See U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Government Employees, later. Amending tax return online ) Amounts you include in your income because of your employer's contributions to a nonexempt employee trust or to a nonqualified annuity contract. Amending tax return online Any unallowable moving expense deduction that you choose to recapture as explained under Moving Expense Attributable to Foreign Earnings in 2 Years in chapter 5. Amending tax return online Payments you receive after the end of the tax year following the tax year in which you performed the services that earned the income. Amending tax return online Earned income. Amending tax return online   This is pay for personal services performed, such as wages, salaries, or professional fees. Amending tax return online The list that follows classifies many types of income into three categories. Amending tax return online The column headed Variable Income lists income that may fall into either the earned income category, the unearned income category, or partly into both. Amending tax return online For more information on earned and unearned income, see Earned and Unearned Income, later. Amending tax return online Earned Income Unearned Income Variable Income Salaries and wages Dividends Business profits Commissions Interest Royalties Bonuses Capital gains Rents Professional fees Gambling winnings Scholarships and fellowships Tips Alimony     Social security benefits     Pensions     Annuities     In addition to the types of earned income listed, certain noncash income and allowances or reimbursements are considered earned income. Amending tax return online Noncash income. Amending tax return online   The fair market value of property or facilities provided to you by your employer in the form of lodging, meals, or use of a car is earned income. Amending tax return online Allowances or reimbursements. Amending tax return online   Earned income includes allowances or reimbursements you receive, such as the following amounts. Amending tax return online    Cost-of-living allowances. Amending tax return online Overseas differential. Amending tax return online Family allowance. Amending tax return online Reimbursement for education or education allowance. Amending tax return online Home leave allowance. Amending tax return online Quarters allowance. Amending tax return online Reimbursement for moving or moving allowance (unless excluded from income as discussed later in Reimbursement of employee expenses under Earned and Unearned Income). Amending tax return online Source of Earned Income The source of your earned income is the place where you perform the services for which you received the income. Amending tax return online Foreign earned income is income you receive for working in a foreign country. Amending tax return online Where or how you are paid has no effect on the source of the income. Amending tax return online For example, income you receive for work done in Austria is income from a foreign source even if the income is paid directly to your bank account in the United States and your employer is located in New York City. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online You are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen, a bona fide resident of Canada, and working as a mining engineer. Amending tax return online Your salary is $76,800 per year. Amending tax return online You also receive a $6,000 cost-of-living allowance, and a $6,000 education allowance. Amending tax return online Your employment contract did not indicate that you were entitled to these allowances only while outside the United States. Amending tax return online Your total income is $88,800. Amending tax return online You work a 5-day week, Monday through Friday. Amending tax return online After subtracting your vacation, you have a total of 240 workdays in the year. Amending tax return online You worked in the United States during the year for 6 weeks (30 workdays). Amending tax return online The following shows how to figure the part of your income that is for work done in Canada during the year. Amending tax return online   Number of days worked in Canada during the year (210) × Total income ($88,800) = $77,700     Number of days of work during the year for which payment was made (240)   Your foreign source earned income is $77,700. Amending tax return online Earned and Unearned Income Earned income was defined earlier as pay for personal services performed. Amending tax return online Some types of income are not easily identified as earned or unearned income. Amending tax return online Some of these types of income are further explained here. Amending tax return online Income from a sole proprietorship or partnership. Amending tax return online   Income from a business in which capital investment is an important part of producing the income may be unearned income. Amending tax return online If you are a sole proprietor or partner and your personal services are also an important part of producing the income, the part of the income that represents the value of your personal services will be treated as earned income. Amending tax return online Capital a factor. Amending tax return online   If capital investment is an important part of producing income, no more than 30% of your share of the net profits of the business is earned income. Amending tax return online   If you have no net profits, the part of your gross profit that represents a reasonable allowance for personal services actually performed is considered earned income. Amending tax return online Because you do not have a net profit, the 30% limit does not apply. Amending tax return online Example 1. Amending tax return online You are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen and meet the bona fide residence test. Amending tax return online You invest in a partnership based in Cameroon that is engaged solely in selling merchandise outside the United States. Amending tax return online You perform no services for the partnership. Amending tax return online At the end of the tax year, your share of the net profits is $80,000. Amending tax return online The entire $80,000 is unearned income. Amending tax return online Example 2. Amending tax return online Assume that in Example 1 you spend time operating the business. Amending tax return online Your share of the net profits is $80,000; 30% of your share of the profits is $24,000. Amending tax return online If the value of your services for the year is $15,000, your earned income is limited to the value of your services, $15,000. Amending tax return online Capital not a factor. Amending tax return online   If capital is not an income-producing factor and personal services produce the business income, the 30% rule does not apply. Amending tax return online The entire amount of business income is earned income. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online You and Lou Green are management consultants and operate as equal partners in performing services outside the United States. Amending tax return online Because capital is not an income- producing factor, all the income from the partnership is considered earned income. Amending tax return online Income from a corporation. Amending tax return online   The salary you receive from a corporation is earned income only if it represents a reasonable allowance as compensation for work you do for the corporation. Amending tax return online Any amount over what is considered a reasonable salary is unearned income. Amending tax return online Example 1. Amending tax return online You are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen and an officer and stockholder of a corporation in Honduras. Amending tax return online You perform no work or service of any kind for the corporation. Amending tax return online During the tax year you receive a $10,000 “salary” from the corporation. Amending tax return online The $10,000 clearly is not for personal services and is unearned income. Amending tax return online Example 2. Amending tax return online You are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen and work full time as secretary-treasurer of your corporation. Amending tax return online During the tax year you receive $100,000 as salary from the corporation. Amending tax return online If $80,000 is a reasonable allowance as pay for the work you did, then $80,000 is earned income. Amending tax return online Stock options. Amending tax return online   You may have earned income if you disposed of stock that you got by exercising a stock option granted to you under an employee stock purchase plan. Amending tax return online   If your gain on the disposition of stock you got by exercising an option is treated as capital gain, your gain is unearned income. Amending tax return online   However, if you disposed of the stock less than 2 years after you were granted the option or less than 1 year after you got the stock, part of the gain on the disposition may be earned income. Amending tax return online It is considered received in the year you disposed of the stock and earned in the year you performed the services for which you were granted the option. Amending tax return online Any part of the earned income that is due to work you did outside the United States is foreign earned income. Amending tax return online   See Publication 525, Taxable and Nontaxable Income, for a discussion of the treatment of stock options. Amending tax return online Pensions and annuities. Amending tax return online    For purposes of the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, and the foreign housing deduction, amounts received as pensions or annuities are unearned income. Amending tax return online Royalties. Amending tax return online   Royalties from the leasing of oil and mineral lands and patents generally are a form of rent or dividends and are unearned income. Amending tax return online   Royalties received by a writer are earned income if they are received: For the transfer of property rights of the writer in the writer's product, or Under a contract to write a book or series of articles. Amending tax return online Rental income. Amending tax return online   Generally, rental income is unearned income. Amending tax return online If you perform personal services in connection with the production of rent, up to 30% of your net rental income can be considered earned income. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online Larry Smith, a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen living in Australia, owns and operates a rooming house in Sydney. Amending tax return online If he is operating the rooming house as a business that requires capital and personal services, he can consider up to 30% of net rental income as earned income. Amending tax return online On the other hand, if he just owns the rooming house and performs no personal services connected with its operation, except perhaps making minor repairs and collecting rents, none of his net income from the house is considered earned income. Amending tax return online It is all unearned income. Amending tax return online Professional fees. Amending tax return online   If you are engaged in a professional occupation (such as a doctor or lawyer), all fees received in the performance of these services are earned income. Amending tax return online Income of an artist. Amending tax return online   Income you receive from the sale of paintings you created is earned income. Amending tax return online Scholarships and fellowships. Amending tax return online   Any portion of a scholarship or fellowship grant that is paid to you for teaching, research or other services is considered earned income if you must include it in your gross income. Amending tax return online If the payer of the grant is required to provide you with a Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, these amounts will be listed as wages. Amending tax return online    Certain scholarship and fellowship income may be exempt under other provisions. Amending tax return online See Publication 970, Tax Benefits for Education, chapter 1. Amending tax return online Use of employer's property or facilities. Amending tax return online   If you receive fringe benefits in the form of the right to use your employer's property or facilities, the fair market value of that right is earned income. Amending tax return online Fair market value is the price at which the property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller, neither being required to buy or sell, and both having reasonable knowledge of all the necessary facts. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online You are privately employed and live in Japan all year. Amending tax return online You are paid a salary of $6,000 a month. Amending tax return online You live rent-free in a house provided by your employer that has a fair rental value of $3,000 a month. Amending tax return online The house is not provided for your employer's convenience. Amending tax return online You report on the calendar-year, cash basis. Amending tax return online You received $72,000 salary from foreign sources plus $36,000 fair rental value of the house, or a total of $108,000 of earned income. Amending tax return online Reimbursement of employee expenses. Amending tax return online   If you are reimbursed under an accountable plan (defined below) for expenses you incur on your employer's behalf and you have adequately accounted to your employer for the expenses, do not include the reimbursement for those expenses in your earned income. Amending tax return online   The expenses for which you are reimbursed are not considered allocable (related) to your earned income. Amending tax return online If expenses and reimbursement are equal, there is nothing to allocate to excluded income. Amending tax return online If expenses are more than the reimbursement, the unreimbursed expenses are considered to have been incurred in producing earned income and must be divided between your excluded and included income in determining the amount of unreimbursed expenses you can deduct. Amending tax return online (See chapter 5. Amending tax return online ) If the reimbursement is more than the expenses, no expenses remain to be divided between excluded and included income and the excess reimbursement must be included in earned income. Amending tax return online   These rules do not apply to the following individuals. Amending tax return online Straight-commission salespersons. Amending tax return online Employees who have arrangements with their employers under which taxes are not withheld on a percentage of the commissions because the employers consider that percentage to be attributable to the employees' expenses. Amending tax return online Accountable plan. Amending tax return online   An accountable plan is a reimbursement or allowance arrangement that includes all three of the following rules. Amending tax return online The expenses covered under the plan must have a business connection. Amending tax return online The employee must adequately account to the employer for these expenses within a reasonable period of time. Amending tax return online The employee must return any excess reimbursement or allowance within a reasonable period of time. Amending tax return online Reimbursement of moving expenses. Amending tax return online   Reimbursement of moving expenses may be earned income. Amending tax return online You must include as earned income: Any reimbursements of, or payments for, nondeductible moving expenses, Reimbursements that are more than your deductible expenses and that you do not return to your employer, Any reimbursements made (or treated as made) under a nonaccountable plan (any plan that does not meet the rules listed above for an accountable plan), even if they are for deductible expenses, and Any reimbursement of moving expenses you deducted in an earlier year. Amending tax return online This section discusses reimbursements that must be included in earned income. Amending tax return online Publication 521, Moving Expenses, discusses additional rules that apply to moving expense deductions and reimbursements. Amending tax return online   The rules for determining when the reimbursement is considered earned or where the reimbursement is considered earned may differ somewhat from the general rules previously discussed. Amending tax return online   Although you receive the reimbursement in one tax year, it may be considered earned for services performed, or to be performed, in another tax year. Amending tax return online You must report the reimbursement as income on your return in the year you receive it, even if it is considered earned during a different year. Amending tax return online Move from U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online to foreign country. Amending tax return online   If you move from the United States to a foreign country, your moving expense reimbursement is generally considered pay for future services to be performed at the new location. Amending tax return online The reimbursement is considered earned solely in the year of the move if you qualify for the exclusion for a period that includes at least 120 days during that tax year. Amending tax return online   If you are neither a bona fide resident of nor physically present in a foreign country or countries for a period that includes 120 days during the year of the move, a portion of the reimbursement is considered earned in the year of the move and a portion is considered earned in the year following the year of the move. Amending tax return online To figure the amount earned in the year of the move, multiply the reimbursement by a fraction. Amending tax return online The numerator (top number) is the number of days in your qualifying period that fall within the year of the move, and the denominator (bottom number) is the total number of days in the year of the move. Amending tax return online   The difference between the total reimbursement and the amount considered earned in the year of the move is the amount considered earned in the year following the year of the move. Amending tax return online The part earned in each year is figured as shown in the following example. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online You are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen working in the United States. Amending tax return online You were told in October 2012 that you were being transferred to a foreign country. Amending tax return online You arrived in the foreign country on December 15, 2012, and you are a bona fide resident for the remainder of 2012 and all of 2013. Amending tax return online Your employer reimbursed you $2,000 in January 2013 for the part of the moving expense that you were not allowed to deduct. Amending tax return online Because you did not qualify for the exclusion under the bona fide residence test for at least 120 days in 2012 (the year of the move), the reimbursement is considered pay for services performed in the foreign country for both 2012 and 2013. Amending tax return online You figure the part of the reimbursement for services performed in the foreign country in 2012 by multiplying the total reimbursement by a fraction. Amending tax return online The fraction is the number of days during which you were a bona fide resident in 2012 (the year of the move) divided by 366. Amending tax return online The remaining part of the reimbursement is for services performed in the foreign country in 2013. Amending tax return online This computation is used only to determine when the reimbursement is considered earned. Amending tax return online You would include the amount of the reimbursement in income in 2013, the year you received it. Amending tax return online Move between foreign countries. Amending tax return online   If you move between foreign countries, any moving expense reimbursement that you must include in income will be considered earned in the year of the move if you qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion for a period that includes at least 120 days in the year of the move. Amending tax return online Move to U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online   If you move to the United States, the moving expense reimbursement that you must include in income is generally considered to be U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online source income. Amending tax return online   However, if under either an agreement between you and your employer or a statement of company policy that is reduced to writing before your move to the foreign country, your employer will reimburse you for your move back to the United States regardless of whether you continue to work for the employer, the includible reimbursement is considered compensation for past services performed in the foreign country. Amending tax return online The includible reimbursement is considered earned in the year of the move if you qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion for a period that includes at least 120 days during that year. Amending tax return online Otherwise, you treat the includible reimbursement as received for services performed in the foreign country in the year of the move and the year immediately before the year of the move. Amending tax return online   See the discussion under Move from U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online to foreign country , earlier, to figure the amount of the includible reimbursement considered earned in the year of the move. Amending tax return online The amount earned in the year before the year of the move is the difference between the total includible reimbursement and the amount earned in the year of the move. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online You are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online citizen employed in a foreign country. Amending tax return online You retired from employment with your employer on March 31, 2013, and returned to the United States after having been a bona fide resident of the foreign country for several years. Amending tax return online A written agreement with your employer entered into before you went abroad provided that you would be reimbursed for your move back to the United States. Amending tax return online In April 2013, your former employer reimbursed you $4,000 for the part of the cost of your move back to the United States that you were not allowed to deduct. Amending tax return online Because you were not a bona fide resident of a foreign country or countries for a period that included at least 120 days in 2013 (the year of the move), the includible reimbursement is considered pay for services performed in the foreign country for both 2013 and 2012. Amending tax return online You figure the part of the moving expense reimbursement for services performed in the foreign country for 2013 by multiplying the total includible reimbursement by a fraction. Amending tax return online The fraction is the number of days of foreign residence during the year (90) divided by the number of days in the year (365). Amending tax return online The remaining part of the includible reimbursement is for services performed in the foreign country in 2012. Amending tax return online You report the amount of the includible reimbursement in 2013, the year you received it. Amending tax return online    In this example, if you met the physical presence test for a period that included at least 120 days in 2013, the moving expense reimbursement would be considered earned entirely in the year of the move. Amending tax return online Storage expense reimbursements. Amending tax return online   If you are reimbursed for storage expenses, the reimbursement is for services you perform during the period of time for which the storage expenses are incurred. Amending tax return online U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Government Employees For purposes of the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, and the foreign housing deduction, foreign earned income does not include any amounts paid by the United States or any of its agencies to its employees. Amending tax return online This includes amounts paid from both appropriated and nonappropriated funds. Amending tax return online The following organizations (and other organizations similarly organized and operated under United States Army, Navy, or Air Force regulations) are integral parts of the Armed Forces, agencies, or instrumentalities of the United States. Amending tax return online United States Armed Forces exchanges. Amending tax return online Commissioned and noncommissioned officers' messes. Amending tax return online Armed Forces motion picture services. Amending tax return online Kindergartens on foreign Armed Forces installations. Amending tax return online Amounts paid by the United States or its agencies to persons who are not their employees may qualify for exclusion or deduction. Amending tax return online If you are a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Government employee paid by a U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online agency that assigned you to a foreign government to perform specific services for which the agency is reimbursed by the foreign government, your pay is from the U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Government and does not qualify for exclusion or deduction. Amending tax return online If you have questions about whether you are an employee or an independent contractor, get Publication 15-A, Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide. Amending tax return online American Institute in Taiwan. Amending tax return online   Amounts paid by the American Institute in Taiwan are not foreign earned income for purposes of the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, or the foreign housing deduction. Amending tax return online If you are an employee of the American Institute in Taiwan, allowances you receive are exempt from U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online tax up to the amount that equals tax-exempt allowances received by civilian employees of the U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Government. Amending tax return online Allowances. Amending tax return online   Cost-of-living and foreign-area allowances paid under certain acts of Congress to U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online civilian officers and employees stationed in Alaska and Hawaii or elsewhere outside the 48 contiguous states and the District of Columbia can be excluded from gross income. Amending tax return online Post differentials are wages that must be included in gross income, regardless of the act of Congress under which they are paid. Amending tax return online More information. Amending tax return online   Publication 516, U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Government Civilian Employees Stationed Abroad, has more information for U. Amending tax return online S. Amending tax return online Government employees abroad. Amending tax return online Exclusion of Meals and Lodging You do not include in your income the value of meals and lodging provided to you and your family by your employer at no charge if the following conditions are met. Amending tax return online The meals are furnished: On the business premises of your employer, and For the convenience of your employer. Amending tax return online The lodging is furnished: On the business premises of your employer, For the convenience of your employer, and As a condition of your employment. Amending tax return online If these conditions are met, do not include the value of the meals or lodging in your income, even if a law or your employment contract says that they are provided as compensation. Amending tax return online Amounts you do not include in income because of these rules are not foreign earned income. Amending tax return online If you receive a Form W-2, excludable amounts should not be included in the total reported in box 1 as wages. Amending tax return online Family. Amending tax return online   Your family, for this purpose, includes only your spouse and your dependents. Amending tax return online Lodging. Amending tax return online   The value of lodging includes the cost of heat, electricity, gas, water, sewer service, and similar items needed to make the lodging fit to live in. Amending tax return online Business premises of employer. Amending tax return online   Generally, the business premises of your employer is wherever you work. Amending tax return online For example, if you work as a housekeeper, meals and lodging provided in your employer's home are provided on the business premises of your employer. Amending tax return online Similarly, meals provided to cowhands while herding cattle on land leased or owned by their employer are considered provided on the premises of their employer. Amending tax return online Convenience of employer. Amending tax return online   Whether meals or lodging are provided for your employer's convenience must be determined from all the facts and circumstances. Amending tax return online Meals furnished at no charge are considered provided for your employer's convenience if there is a good business reason for providing them, other than to give you more pay. Amending tax return online   On the other hand, if your employer provides meals to you or your family as a means of giving you more pay, and there is no other business reason for providing them, their value is extra income to you because they are not furnished for the convenience of your employer. Amending tax return online Condition of employment. Amending tax return online   Lodging is provided as a condition of employment if you must accept the lodging to properly carry out the duties of your job. Amending tax return online You must accept lodging to properly carry out your duties if, for example, you must be available for duty at all times or you could not perform your duties if the lodging was not furnished. Amending tax return online Foreign camps. Amending tax return online   If the lodging is in a camp located in a foreign country, the camp is considered part of your employer's business premises. Amending tax return online The camp must be: Provided for your employer's convenience because the place where you work is in a remote area where satisfactory housing is not available to you on the open market within a reasonable commuting distance, Located as close as reasonably possible in the area where you work, and Provided in a common area or enclave that is not available to the general public for lodging or accommodations and that normally houses at least ten employees. Amending tax return online Foreign Earned Income Exclusion If your tax home is in a foreign country and you meet the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test, you can choose to exclude from your income a limited amount of your foreign earned income. Amending tax return online Foreign earned income was defined earlier in this chapter. Amending tax return online You also can choose to exclude from your income a foreign housing amount. Amending tax return online This is explained later under Foreign Housing Exclusion. Amending tax return online If you choose to exclude a foreign housing amount, you must figure the foreign housing exclusion before you figure the foreign earned income exclusion. Amending tax return online Your foreign earned income exclusion is limited to your foreign earned income minus your foreign housing exclusion. Amending tax return online If you choose to exclude foreign earned income, you cannot deduct, exclude, or claim a credit for any item that can be allocated to or charged against the excluded amounts. Amending tax return online This includes any expenses, losses, and other normally deductible items allocable to the excluded income. Amending tax return online For more information about deductions and credits, see chapter 5 . Amending tax return online Limit on Excludable Amount You may be able to exclude up to $97,600 of your foreign earned income in 2013. Amending tax return online You cannot exclude more than the smaller of: $97,600, or Your foreign earned income (discussed earlier) for the tax year minus your foreign housing exclusion (discussed later). Amending tax return online If both you and your spouse work abroad and each of you meets either the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test, you can each choose the foreign earned income exclusion. Amending tax return online You do not both need to meet the same test. Amending tax return online Together, you and your spouse can exclude as much as $195,200. Amending tax return online Paid in year following work. Amending tax return online   Generally, you are considered to have earned income in the year in which you do the work for which you receive the income, even if you work in one year but are not paid until the following year. Amending tax return online If you report your income on a cash basis, you report the income on your return for the year you receive it. Amending tax return online If you work one year, but are not paid for that work until the next year, the amount you can exclude in the year you are paid is the amount you could have excluded in the year you did the work if you had been paid in that year. Amending tax return online For an exception to this general rule, see Year-end payroll period, later. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online You were a bona fide resident of Brazil for all of 2012 and 2013. Amending tax return online You report your income on the cash basis. Amending tax return online In 2012, you were paid $84,200 for work you did in Brazil during that year. Amending tax return online You excluded all of the $84,200 from your income in 2012. Amending tax return online In 2013, you were paid $117,300 for your work in Brazil. Amending tax return online $18,800 was for work you did in 2012 and $98,500 was for work you did in 2013. Amending tax return online You can exclude $10,900 of the $18,800 from your income in 2013. Amending tax return online This is the $95,100 maximum exclusion in 2012 minus the $84,200 actually excluded that year. Amending tax return online You must include the remaining $7,900 in income in 2013 because you could not have excluded that income in 2012 if you had received it that year. Amending tax return online You can exclude $97,600 of the $98,500 you were paid for work you did in 2013 from your 2013 income. Amending tax return online Your total foreign earned income exclusion for 2013 is $108,500 ($10,900 for work you did in 2012 and $97,600 for work you did in 2013). Amending tax return online You would include in your 2013 income $8,800 ($7,900 for the work you did in 2012 and $900 for the work you did in 2013). Amending tax return online Year-end payroll period. Amending tax return online   There is an exception to the general rule that income is considered earned in the year you do the work for which you receive the income. Amending tax return online If you are a cash-basis taxpayer, any salary or wage payment you receive after the end of the year in which you do the work for which you receive the pay is considered earned entirely in the year you receive it if all four of the following apply. Amending tax return online The period for which the payment is made is a normal payroll period of your employer that regularly applies to you. Amending tax return online The payroll period includes the last day of your tax year (December 31 if you figure your taxes on a calendar-year basis). Amending tax return online The payroll period is not longer than 16 days. Amending tax return online The payday comes at the same time in relation to the payroll period that it would normally come and it comes before the end of the next payroll period. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online You are paid twice a month. Amending tax return online For the normal payroll period that begins on the first of the month and ends on the fifteenth of the month, you are paid on the sixteenth day of the month. Amending tax return online For the normal payroll period that begins on the sixteenth of the month and ends on the last day of the month, you are paid on the first day of the following month. Amending tax return online Because all of the above conditions are met, the pay you received on January 1, 2013, is considered earned in 2013. Amending tax return online Income earned over more than 1 year. Amending tax return online   Regardless of when you actually receive income, you must apply it to the year in which you earned it in figuring your excludable amount for that year. Amending tax return online For example, a bonus may be based on work you did over several years. Amending tax return online You determine the amount of the bonus that is considered earned in a particular year in two steps. Amending tax return online Divide the bonus by the number of calendar months in the period when you did the work that resulted in the bonus. Amending tax return online Multiply the result of (1) by the number of months you did the work during the year. Amending tax return online This is the amount that is subject to the exclusion limit for that tax year. Amending tax return online Income received more than 1 year after it was earned. Amending tax return online   You cannot exclude income you receive after the end of the year following the year you do the work to earn it. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online   You were a bona fide resident of Sweden for 2011, 2012, and 2013. Amending tax return online You report your income on the cash basis. Amending tax return online In 2011, you were paid $69,000 for work you did in Sweden that year and in 2012 you were paid $74,000 for that year's work in Sweden. Amending tax return online You excluded all the income on your 2011 and 2012 returns. Amending tax return online   In 2013, you were paid $92,000; $82,000 for your work in Sweden during 2013, and $10,000 for work you did in Sweden in 2011. Amending tax return online You cannot exclude any of the $10,000 for work done in 2011 because you received it after the end of the year following the year in which you earned it. Amending tax return online You must include the $10,000 in income. Amending tax return online You can exclude all of the $82,000 received for work you did in 2013. Amending tax return online Community income. Amending tax return online   The maximum exclusion applies separately to the earnings of spouses. Amending tax return online Ignore any community property laws when you figure your limit on the foreign earned income exclusion. Amending tax return online Part-year exclusion. Amending tax return online   If the period for which you qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion includes only part of the year, you must adjust the maximum limit based on the number of qualifying days in the year. Amending tax return online The number of qualifying days is the number of days in the year within the period on which you both: Have your tax home in a foreign country, and Meet either the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test. Amending tax return online   For this purpose, you can count as qualifying days all days within a period of 12 consecutive months once you are physically present and have your tax home in a foreign country for 330 full days. Amending tax return online To figure your maximum exclusion, multiply the maximum excludable amount for the year by the number of your qualifying days in the year, and then divide the result by the number of days in the year. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online You report your income on the calendar-year basis and you qualified for the foreign earned income exclusion under the bona fide residence test for 75 days in 2013. Amending tax return online You can exclude a maximum of 75/365 of $97,600, or $20,055, of your foreign earned income for 2013. Amending tax return online If you qualify under the bona fide residence test for all of 2014, you can exclude your foreign earned income up to the 2014 limit. Amending tax return online Physical presence test. Amending tax return online   Under the physical presence test, a 12-month period can be any period of 12 consecutive months that includes 330 full days. Amending tax return online If you qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion under the physical presence test for part of a year, it is important to carefully choose the 12-month period that will allow the maximum exclusion for that year. Amending tax return online Example. Amending tax return online You are physically present and have your tax home in a foreign country for a 16-month period from June 1, 2012, through September 30, 2013, except for 16 days in December 2012 when you were on vacation in the United States. Amending tax return online You figure the maximum exclusion for 2012 as follows. Amending tax return online Beginning with June 1, 2012, count forward 330 full days. Amending tax return online Do not count the 16 days you spent in the United States. Amending tax return online The 330th day, May 12, 2013, is the last day of a 12-month period. Amending tax return online Count backward 12 months from May 11, 2013, to find the first day of this 12-month period, May 12, 2012. Amending tax return online This 12-month period runs from May 12, 2012, through May 11, 2013. Amending tax return online Count the total days during 2012 that fall within this 12-month period. Amending tax return online This is 234 days (May 12, 2012 – December 31, 2012). Amending tax return online Multiply $95,100 (the maximum exclusion for 2012) by the fraction 234/366 to find your maximum exclusion for 2012 ($60,802). Amending tax return online You figure the maximum exclusion for 2013 in the opposite manner. Amending tax return online Beginning with your last full day, September 30, 2013, count backward 330 full days. Amending tax return online Do not count the 16 days you spent in the United States. Amending tax return online That day, October 20, 2012, is the first day of a 12-month period. Amending tax return online Count forward 12 months from October 20, 2012, to find the last day of this 12-month period, October 19, 2013. Amending tax return online This 12-month period runs from October 20, 2012, through October 19, 2013. Amending tax return online Count the total days during 2013 that fall within this 12-month period. Amending tax return online This is 292 days (January 1, 2013 – October 19, 2013). Amending tax return online Multiply $97,600, the maximum limit, by the fraction 292/365 to find your maximum exclusion for 2013 ($78,080). Amending tax return online Choosing the Exclusion The foreign earned income exclusion is voluntary. Amending tax return online You can choose the exclusion by completing the appropriate parts of Form 2555. Amending tax return online When You Can Choose the Exclusion Your initial choice of the exclusion on Form 2555 or Form 2555-EZ generally must be made with one of the following returns. Amending tax return online A return filed by the due date (including any extensions). Amending tax return online A return amending a timely-filed return. Amending tax return online Amended returns generally must be filed by the later of 3 years after the filing date of the original return or 2 years after the tax is paid. Amending tax return online A return filed within 1 year from the original due date of the return (determined without regard to any extensions). Amending tax return online Filing after the above periods. Amending tax return online   You can choose the exclusion on a return filed after the periods described above if you owe no federal income tax after taking into account the exclusion. Amending tax return online If you owe federal income tax after taking into account the exclusion, you can choose the exclusion on a return filed after the periods described earlier if you file before the IRS discovers that you failed to choose the exclusion. Amending tax return online Whether or not you owe federal income tax after taking the exclusion into account, if you file your return after the periods described earlier, you must type or legibly print at the top of the first page of the Form 1040 “Filed pursuant to section 1. Amending tax return online 911-7(a)(2)(i)(D). Amending tax return online ” If you owe federal income tax after taking into account the foreign earned income exclusion and the IRS discovered that you failed to choose the exclusion, you may still be able to choose the exclusion. Amending tax return online You must request a private letter ruling under Income Tax Regulation 301. Amending tax return online 9100-3 and Revenue Procedure 2013-1, 2013-1 I. Amending tax return online R. Amending tax return online B. Amending tax return online 1, available at www. Amending tax return online irs. Amending tax return online gov/irb/2013-01_IRB/ar06. Amending tax return online html. Amending tax return online Effect of Choosing the Exclusion Once you choose to exclude your foreign earned income, that choice remains in effect for that year and all later years unless you revoke it. Amending tax return online Foreign tax credit or deduction. Amending tax return online