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2011 Irs Form 5329

Online Tax Filing 2012Tax Amendment Deadline2011 1040 FormForm 1040a Tax TablesHelp Filling Out 1040x FormFile 1040ez Online FreeIrs Forms 2011 Form 1040How To File A Tax Extension 20112012 Federal Tax AmendmentTax Forms 1040 EzTax Amend FormHow To File Amended Tax ReturnWhere Can I Get 2011 Tax FormsAmmend TaxesNy State Tax Forms 2011Income Tax FormsHttps Efile State Tax FreeIf I Am Unemployed Do I File Taxes1040ez Form 2011File 2012 Taxes For Free2013 Tax Amendment FormWww Irs GovFree State Taxes Online1040 Ez InstructionsH And R Block Free Online Tax FilingIrs Free Tax FileFiling Late ReturnsTurbotax Business Federal E File 2012 For Pc DownloadAmend A ReturnUnemployment Tax1040x Instructions For DummiesFree State E FileAmend 2011 Tax Return FreeHow Do I File A Tax Extension For FreeState Tax FilingFree 1040x Tax FormsNon Resident State Tax ReturnDownload 2011 Tax Forms1040 Form 2011Blank Printable 1040ez Form

2011 Irs Form 5329

2011 irs form 5329 Publication 583 - Introductory Material Table of Contents Introduction Introduction Table 1. 2011 irs form 5329 What New Business Owners Need To Know About Federal Taxes   (Note: This table is intended to help you, as a new business owner, learn what you need to know about your federal tax responsibilities. 2011 irs form 5329 To use it, ask yourself each question in the left column, then see the related discussion in the right column. 2011 irs form 5329 ) What Must I Know? Where To Find the Answer Which form of business will I use? See Forms of Business. 2011 irs form 5329 Will I need an employer identification number (EIN)? See Identification Numbers. 2011 irs form 5329 Do I have to start my tax year in January, or may I start it in any other month? See Tax Year. 2011 irs form 5329 What method can I use to account for my income and expenses? See Accounting Method. 2011 irs form 5329 What kinds of federal taxes will I have to pay? How should I pay my taxes? See Business Taxes. 2011 irs form 5329 What must I do if I have employees? See Employment Taxes. 2011 irs form 5329 Which forms must I file? See Table 2 and Information Returns. 2011 irs form 5329 Are there penalties if I do not pay my taxes or file my returns? See Penalties. 2011 irs form 5329 What business expenses can I deduct on my federal income tax return? See Business Expenses. 2011 irs form 5329 What records must I keep? How long must I keep them? See Recordkeeping. 2011 irs form 5329 This publication provides basic federal tax information for people who are starting a business. 2011 irs form 5329 It also provides information on keeping records and illustrates a recordkeeping system. 2011 irs form 5329 Throughout this publication we refer to other IRS publications and forms where you will find more information. 2011 irs form 5329 In addition, you may want to contact other government agencies, such as the Small Business Administration (SBA). 2011 irs form 5329 See How To Get More Information later. 2011 irs form 5329 Comments and suggestions. 2011 irs form 5329   We welcome your comments about this publication and your suggestions for future editions. 2011 irs form 5329   You can write to us at the following address: Internal Revenue Service Business Forms and Publications Branch SE:W:CAR:MP:T:B 1111 Constitution Ave. 2011 irs form 5329 NW, IR-6526 Washington, DC 20224   We respond to many letters by telephone. 2011 irs form 5329 Therefore, it would be helpful if you would include your daytime phone number, including the area code, in your correspondence. 2011 irs form 5329   You can email us at taxforms@irs. 2011 irs form 5329 gov. 2011 irs form 5329 Please put “Publications Comment” on the subject line. 2011 irs form 5329 You can also send us comments from www. 2011 irs form 5329 irs. 2011 irs form 5329 gov/formspubs, select “Comment on Tax Forms and Publications” under “Information about. 2011 irs form 5329 ”   Although we cannot respond individually to each comment received, we do appreciate your feedback and will consider your comments as we revise our tax products. 2011 irs form 5329 Ordering forms and publications. 2011 irs form 5329 Visit www. 2011 irs form 5329 irs. 2011 irs form 5329 gov/formspubs to download forms and publications, call 1-800-829-3676, or write to the address below and receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. 2011 irs form 5329 Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. 2011 irs form 5329 Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705–6613 Tax questions. 2011 irs form 5329   If you have a tax question, check the information available on IRS. 2011 irs form 5329 gov or call 1-800-829-1040. 2011 irs form 5329 We cannot answer tax questions sent to either of the above addresses. 2011 irs form 5329 Future Developments. 2011 irs form 5329   The IRS has created a page on IRS. 2011 irs form 5329 gov for information about Publication 583 at www. 2011 irs form 5329 irs. 2011 irs form 5329 gov/pub583. 2011 irs form 5329 Information about any future developments affecting Publication 583 (such as legislation enacted after we release it) will be posted on that page. 2011 irs form 5329 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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Understanding your CP276A Notice

We didn't receive a correctly completed tax liability schedule. We normally charge a Federal Tax Deposit (FTD) penalty when this happens. We decided not to do so this time.

Tax publications you may find useful

How to get help

Calling the toll free number listed on the top right corner of your notice is the fastest way to get your questions answered.

You can also authorize someone (such as an accountant) to contact the IRS on your behalf using this Power of Attorney and Declaration of Representative (Form 2848).
 


What you need to do

  • Review your tax liability schedule. Enter the liability amount for each payroll date and see if your payroll tax deposit liability matches the tax liability you reported on your tax form. When they don't match, we reject your tax liability schedule.
  • Correct the copy of your tax return and the schedule that you kept for your records.

You may want to...


Answers to Common Questions

Do I have to reply to this notice?
No, but you should check your records to see why your tax liability schedule was incorrect.

How do I know whether I should make monthly or semiweekly payroll tax deposits?
Go back and look at the total tax liability for the four quarters before the quarter ending in June of last year if you file a quarterly return. Annual return filers should go back and look at the total tax liability of the year before their previous filing year.

For either a quarterly or an annual filer, a total tax liability of $50,000 or less means you can make your federal payroll tax deposits monthly. A tax liability greater than $50,000 means you have to make semiweekly payroll tax deposits.

When are my payroll tax deposits due?
The following table shows the schedule for semiweekly payroll tax deposits:

When Then
The payroll tax liability period is Saturday, Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday Make the tax deposit by the following Friday.
The payroll tax liability period is Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday Make the tax deposit by the following Wednesday.
A holiday falls on a weekday after the payroll tax liability period and before or on the normal deposit day Extend the deposit due date one business day for each day of holiday.

Monthly payroll tax depositors must make their tax deposits by the fifteenth of each month. When the fifteenth falls on a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday, tax deposits are due on the next business day.

Do I have to make my payroll tax deposits electronically?
Normally, yes. However, you may send your payment in with your tax return when your tax liability is $2,500 or less. If you file a quarterly tax return, another time when you may send in your payment with your return is when:

  • Your tax liabilities never totaled $100,000 or more in a deposit period, and
  • Your tax liability in the preceding quarter was $2,500 or less.

Tips for next time you file

Report each tax liability (not your deposits) on the tax liability schedule.

Make sure that that the amount on your tax liability schedule matches the payroll tax amount on your tax return.

Do not list negative amounts on your tax liability schedule.


Understanding your notice

Reading your notice
Your notice may look different from the sample because the information contained in your notice is tailored to your situation.

Notice CP276A, Page 1

Notice CP276A, Page 2

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 14-Mar-2014

The 2011 Irs Form 5329

2011 irs form 5329 4. 2011 irs form 5329   Foreign Earned Income and Housing: Exclusion – Deduction Table of Contents Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Who Qualifies for the Exclusions and the Deduction? RequirementsTax Home in Foreign Country Bona Fide Residence Test Physical Presence Test Waiver of Time Requirements U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Travel Restrictions Foreign Earned Income Foreign Earned Income ExclusionLimit on Excludable Amount Choosing the Exclusion Foreign Housing Exclusion and DeductionHousing Amount Foreign Housing Exclusion Foreign Housing Deduction Married Couples Form 2555 and Form 2555-EZForm 2555-EZ Form 2555 Topics - This chapter discusses: Who qualifies for the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, and the foreign housing deduction, The requirements that must be met to claim either exclusion or the deduction, How to figure the foreign earned income exclusion, and How to figure the foreign housing exclusion and the foreign housing deduction. 2011 irs form 5329 Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 519 U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Tax Guide for Aliens 570 Tax Guide for Individuals With Income from U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Possessions 596 Earned Income Credit (EIC) Form (and Instructions) 1040X Amended U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Individual Income Tax Return 2555 Foreign Earned Income 2555-EZ Foreign Earned Income Exclusion See chapter 7 for information about getting these publications and forms. 2011 irs form 5329 Who Qualifies for the Exclusions and the Deduction? If you meet certain requirements, you may qualify for the foreign earned income and foreign housing exclusions and the foreign housing deduction. 2011 irs form 5329 If you are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen or a resident alien of the United States and you live abroad, you are taxed on your worldwide income. 2011 irs form 5329 However, you may qualify to exclude from income up to $97,600 of your foreign earnings. 2011 irs form 5329 In addition, you can exclude or deduct certain foreign housing amounts. 2011 irs form 5329 See Foreign Earned Income Exclusion and Foreign Housing Exclusion and Deduction, later. 2011 irs form 5329 You also may be entitled to exclude from income the value of meals and lodging provided to you by your employer. 2011 irs form 5329 See Exclusion of Meals and Lodging, later. 2011 irs form 5329 Requirements To claim the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, or the foreign housing deduction, you must meet all three of the following requirements. 2011 irs form 5329 Your tax home must be in a foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329 You must have foreign earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 You must be one of the following. 2011 irs form 5329 A U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen who is a bona fide resident of a foreign country or countries for an uninterrupted period that includes an entire tax year. 2011 irs form 5329 A U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 resident alien who is a citizen or national of a country with which the United States has an income tax treaty in effect and who is a bona fide resident of a foreign country or countries for an uninterrupted period that includes an entire tax year. 2011 irs form 5329 A U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen or a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 resident alien who is physically present in a foreign country or countries for at least 330 full days during any period of 12 consecutive months. 2011 irs form 5329 See Publication 519 to find out if you are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 resident alien for tax purposes and whether you keep that alien status when you temporarily work abroad. 2011 irs form 5329 If you are a nonresident alien married to a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen or resident alien, and both you and your spouse choose to treat you as a resident alien, you are a resident alien for tax purposes. 2011 irs form 5329 For information on making the choice, see the discussion in chapter 1 under Nonresident Alien Spouse Treated as a Resident . 2011 irs form 5329 Waiver of minimum time requirements. 2011 irs form 5329   The minimum time requirements for bona fide residence and physical presence can be waived if you must leave a foreign country because of war, civil unrest, or similar adverse conditions in that country. 2011 irs form 5329 This is fully explained under Waiver of Time Requirements , later. 2011 irs form 5329   See Figure 4-A and information in this chapter to determine if you are eligible to claim either exclusion or the deduction. 2011 irs form 5329 Tax Home in Foreign Country To qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, or the foreign housing deduction, your tax home must be in a foreign country throughout your period of bona fide residence or physical presence abroad. 2011 irs form 5329 Bona fide residence and physical presence are explained later. 2011 irs form 5329 Tax Home Your tax home is the general area of your main place of business, employment, or post of duty, regardless of where you maintain your family home. 2011 irs form 5329 Your tax home is the place where you are permanently or indefinitely engaged to work as an employee or self-employed individual. 2011 irs form 5329 Having a “tax home” in a given location does not necessarily mean that the given location is your residence or domicile for tax purposes. 2011 irs form 5329 If you do not have a regular or main place of business because of the nature of your work, your tax home may be the place where you regularly live. 2011 irs form 5329 If you have neither a regular or main place of business nor a place where you regularly live, you are considered an itinerant and your tax home is wherever you work. 2011 irs form 5329 You are not considered to have a tax home in a foreign country for any period in which your abode is in the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 However, your abode is not necessarily in the United States while you are temporarily in the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 Your abode is also not necessarily in the United States merely because you maintain a dwelling in the United States, whether or not your spouse or dependents use the dwelling. 2011 irs form 5329 “Abode” has been variously defined as one's home, habitation, residence, domicile, or place of dwelling. 2011 irs form 5329 It does not mean your principal place of business. 2011 irs form 5329 “Abode” has a domestic rather than a vocational meaning and does not mean the same as “tax home. 2011 irs form 5329 ” The location of your abode often will depend on where you maintain your economic, family, and personal ties. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 1. 2011 irs form 5329 You are employed on an offshore oil rig in the territorial waters of a foreign country and work a 28-day on/28-day off schedule. 2011 irs form 5329 You return to your family residence in the United States during your off periods. 2011 irs form 5329 You are considered to have an abode in the United States and do not satisfy the tax home test in the foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329 You cannot claim either of the exclusions or the housing deduction. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 2. 2011 irs form 5329 For several years, you were a marketing executive with a producer of machine tools in Toledo, Ohio. 2011 irs form 5329 In November of last year, your employer transferred you to London, England, for a minimum of 18 months to set up a sales operation for Europe. 2011 irs form 5329 Before you left, you distributed business cards showing your business and home addresses in London. 2011 irs form 5329 You kept ownership of your home in Toledo but rented it to another family. 2011 irs form 5329 You placed your car in storage. 2011 irs form 5329 In November of last year, you moved your spouse, children, furniture, and family pets to a home your employer rented for you in London. 2011 irs form 5329 Shortly after moving, you leased a car and you and your spouse got British driving licenses. 2011 irs form 5329 Your entire family got library cards for the local public library. 2011 irs form 5329 You and your spouse opened bank accounts with a London bank and secured consumer credit. 2011 irs form 5329 You joined a local business league and both you and your spouse became active in the neighborhood civic association and worked with a local charity. 2011 irs form 5329 Your abode is in London for the time you live there. 2011 irs form 5329 You satisfy the tax home test in the foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329 Please click here for the text description of the image. 2011 irs form 5329 Figure 4–A Can I Claim the Exclusion or Deduction? Temporary or Indefinite Assignment The location of your tax home often depends on whether your assignment is temporary or indefinite. 2011 irs form 5329 If you are temporarily absent from your tax home in the United States on business, you may be able to deduct your away-from-home expenses (for travel, meals, and lodging), but you would not qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 If your new work assignment is for an indefinite period, your new place of employment becomes your tax home and you would not be able to deduct any of the related expenses that you have in the general area of this new work assignment. 2011 irs form 5329 If your new tax home is in a foreign country and you meet the other requirements, your earnings may qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 If you expect your employment away from home in a single location to last, and it does last, for 1 year or less, it is temporary unless facts and circumstances indicate otherwise. 2011 irs form 5329 If you expect it to last for more than 1 year, it is indefinite. 2011 irs form 5329 If you expect it to last for 1 year or less, but at some later date you expect it to last longer than 1 year, it is temporary (in the absence of facts and circumstances indicating otherwise) until your expectation changes. 2011 irs form 5329 Once your expectation changes, it is indefinite. 2011 irs form 5329 Foreign Country To meet the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test, you must live in or be present in a foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329 A foreign country includes any territory under the sovereignty of a government other than that of the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 The term “foreign country” includes the country's airspace and territorial waters, but not international waters and the airspace above them. 2011 irs form 5329 It also includes the seabed and subsoil of those submarine areas adjacent to the country's territorial waters over which it has exclusive rights under international law to explore and exploit the natural resources. 2011 irs form 5329 The term “foreign country” does not include Antarctica or U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 possessions such as Puerto Rico, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Virgin Islands, and Johnston Island. 2011 irs form 5329 For purposes of the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, and the foreign housing deduction, the terms “foreign,” “abroad,” and “overseas” refer to areas outside the United States and those areas listed or described in the previous sentence. 2011 irs form 5329 American Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Residence or presence in a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 possession does not qualify you for the foreign earned income exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 You may, however, qualify for an exclusion of your possession income on your U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 return. 2011 irs form 5329 American Samoa. 2011 irs form 5329   There is a possession exclusion available to individuals who are bona fide residents of American Samoa for the entire tax year. 2011 irs form 5329 Gross income from sources within American Samoa may be eligible for this exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 Income that is effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business within American Samoa also may be eligible for this exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 Use Form 4563, Exclusion of Income for Bona Fide Residents of American Samoa, to figure the exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. 2011 irs form 5329   An exclusion will be available to residents of Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands if, and when, new implementation agreements take effect between the United States and those possessions. 2011 irs form 5329   For more information, see Publication 570. 2011 irs form 5329 Puerto Rico and U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Virgin Islands Residents of Puerto Rico and the U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Virgin Islands cannot claim the foreign earned income exclusion or the foreign housing exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 Puerto Rico. 2011 irs form 5329   Generally, if you are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen who is a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico for the entire tax year, you are not subject to U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 tax on income from Puerto Rican sources. 2011 irs form 5329 This does not include amounts paid for services performed as an employee of the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 However, you are subject to U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 tax on your income from sources outside Puerto Rico. 2011 irs form 5329 In figuring your U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 tax, you cannot deduct expenses allocable to income not subject to tax. 2011 irs form 5329 Bona Fide Residence Test You meet the bona fide residence test if you are a bona fide resident of a foreign country or countries for an uninterrupted period that includes an entire tax year. 2011 irs form 5329 You can use the bona fide residence test to qualify for the exclusions and the deduction only if you are either: A U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen, or A U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 resident alien who is a citizen or national of a country with which the United States has an income tax treaty in effect. 2011 irs form 5329 You do not automatically acquire bona fide resident status merely by living in a foreign country or countries for 1 year. 2011 irs form 5329 If you go to a foreign country to work on a particular job for a specified period of time, you ordinarily will not be regarded as a bona fide resident of that country even though you work there for 1 tax year or longer. 2011 irs form 5329 The length of your stay and the nature of your job are only two of the factors to be considered in determining whether you meet the bona fide residence test. 2011 irs form 5329 Bona fide residence. 2011 irs form 5329   To meet the bona fide residence test, you must have established a bona fide residence in a foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329   Your bona fide residence is not necessarily the same as your domicile. 2011 irs form 5329 Your domicile is your permanent home, the place to which you always return or intend to return. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329 You could have your domicile in Cleveland, Ohio, and a bona fide residence in Edinburgh, Scotland, if you intend to return eventually to Cleveland. 2011 irs form 5329 The fact that you go to Scotland does not automatically make Scotland your bona fide residence. 2011 irs form 5329 If you go there as a tourist, or on a short business trip, and return to the United States, you have not established bona fide residence in Scotland. 2011 irs form 5329 But if you go to Scotland to work for an indefinite or extended period and you set up permanent quarters there for yourself and your family, you probably have established a bona fide residence in a foreign country, even though you intend to return eventually to the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 You are clearly not a resident of Scotland in the first instance. 2011 irs form 5329 However, in the second, you are a resident because your stay in Scotland appears to be permanent. 2011 irs form 5329 If your residency is not as clearly defined as either of these illustrations, it may be more difficult to decide whether you have established a bona fide residence. 2011 irs form 5329 Determination. 2011 irs form 5329   Questions of bona fide residence are determined according to each individual case, taking into account factors such as your intention, the purpose of your trip, and the nature and length of your stay abroad. 2011 irs form 5329   To meet the bona fide residence test, you must show the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) that you have been a bona fide resident of a foreign country or countries for an uninterrupted period that includes an entire tax year. 2011 irs form 5329 The IRS decides whether you are a bona fide resident of a foreign country largely on the basis of facts you report on Form 2555. 2011 irs form 5329 IRS cannot make this determination until you file Form 2555. 2011 irs form 5329 Statement to foreign authorities. 2011 irs form 5329   You are not considered a bona fide resident of a foreign country if you make a statement to the authorities of that country that you are not a resident of that country, and the authorities: Hold that you are not subject to their income tax laws as a resident, or Have not made a final decision on your status. 2011 irs form 5329 Special agreements and treaties. 2011 irs form 5329   An income tax exemption provided in a treaty or other international agreement will not in itself prevent you from being a bona fide resident of a foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329 Whether a treaty prevents you from becoming a bona fide resident of a foreign country is determined under all provisions of the treaty, including specific provisions relating to residence or privileges and immunities. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 1. 2011 irs form 5329 You are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen employed in the United Kingdom by a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 employer under contract with the U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Armed Forces. 2011 irs form 5329 You are not subject to the North Atlantic Treaty Status of Forces Agreement. 2011 irs form 5329 You may be a bona fide resident of the United Kingdom. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 2. 2011 irs form 5329 You are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen in the United Kingdom who qualifies as an “employee” of an armed service or as a member of a “civilian component” under the North Atlantic Treaty Status of Forces Agreement. 2011 irs form 5329 You are not a bona fide resident of the United Kingdom. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 3. 2011 irs form 5329 You are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen employed in Japan by a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 employer under contract with the U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Armed Forces. 2011 irs form 5329 You are subject to the agreement of the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan. 2011 irs form 5329 Being subject to the agreement does not make you a bona fide resident of Japan. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 4. 2011 irs form 5329 You are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen employed as an “official” by the United Nations in Switzerland. 2011 irs form 5329 You are exempt from Swiss taxation on the salary or wages paid to you by the United Nations. 2011 irs form 5329 This does not prevent you from being a bona fide resident of Switzerland. 2011 irs form 5329 Effect of voting by absentee ballot. 2011 irs form 5329   If you are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen living abroad, you can vote by absentee ballot in any election held in the United States without risking your status as a bona fide resident of a foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329   However, if you give information to the local election officials about the nature and length of your stay abroad that does not match the information you give for the bona fide residence test, the information given in connection with absentee voting will be considered in determining your status, but will not necessarily be conclusive. 2011 irs form 5329 Uninterrupted period including entire tax year. 2011 irs form 5329   To meet the bona fide residence test, you must reside in a foreign country or countries for an uninterrupted period that includes an entire tax year. 2011 irs form 5329 An entire tax year is from January 1 through December 31 for taxpayers who file their income tax returns on a calendar year basis. 2011 irs form 5329   During the period of bona fide residence in a foreign country, you can leave the country for brief or temporary trips back to the United States or elsewhere for vacation or business. 2011 irs form 5329 To keep your status as a bona fide resident of a foreign country, you must have a clear intention of returning from such trips, without unreasonable delay, to your foreign residence or to a new bona fide residence in another foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 1. 2011 irs form 5329 You arrived with your family in Lisbon, Portugal, on November 1, 2011. 2011 irs form 5329 Your assignment is indefinite, and you intend to live there with your family until your company sends you to a new post. 2011 irs form 5329 You immediately established residence there. 2011 irs form 5329 You spent April of 2012 at a business conference in the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 Your family stayed in Lisbon. 2011 irs form 5329 Immediately following the conference, you returned to Lisbon and continued living there. 2011 irs form 5329 On January 1, 2013, you completed an uninterrupted period of residence for a full tax year (2012), and you meet the bona fide residence test. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 2. 2011 irs form 5329 Assume the same facts as in Example 1, except that you transferred back to the United States on December 13, 2012. 2011 irs form 5329 You would not meet the bona fide residence test because your bona fide residence in the foreign country, although it lasted more than a year, did not include a full tax year. 2011 irs form 5329 You may, however, qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion or the housing exclusion or deduction under the physical presence test (discussed later). 2011 irs form 5329 Bona fide resident for part of a year. 2011 irs form 5329   Once you have established bona fide residence in a foreign country for an uninterrupted period that includes an entire tax year, you are a bona fide resident of that country for the period starting with the date you actually began the residence and ending with the date you abandon the foreign residence. 2011 irs form 5329 Your period of bona fide residence can include an entire tax year plus parts of 2 other tax years. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329 You were a bona fide resident of Singapore from March 1, 2011, through September 14, 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 On September 15, 2013, you returned to the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 Since you were a bona fide resident of a foreign country for all of 2012, you were also a bona fide resident of a foreign country from March 1, 2011, through the end of 2011 and from January 1, 2013, through September 14, 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 Reassignment. 2011 irs form 5329   If you are assigned from one foreign post to another, you may or may not have a break in foreign residence between your assignments, depending on the circumstances. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 1. 2011 irs form 5329 You were a resident of Pakistan from October 1, 2012, through November 30, 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 On December 1, 2013, you and your family returned to the United States to wait for an assignment to another foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329 Your household goods also were returned to the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 Your foreign residence ended on November 30, 2013, and did not begin again until after you were assigned to another foreign country and physically entered that country. 2011 irs form 5329 Since you were not a bona fide resident of a foreign country for the entire tax year of 2012 or 2013 you do not meet the bona fide residence test in either year. 2011 irs form 5329 You may, however, qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion or the housing exclusion or deduction under the physical presence test, discussed later. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 2. 2011 irs form 5329 Assume the same facts as in Example 1, except that upon completion of your assignment in Pakistan you were given a new assignment to Turkey. 2011 irs form 5329 On December 1, 2013, you and your family returned to the United States for a month's vacation. 2011 irs form 5329 On January 2, 2014, you arrived in Turkey for your new assignment. 2011 irs form 5329 Because you did not interrupt your bona fide residence abroad, you meet the bona fide residence test. 2011 irs form 5329 Physical Presence Test You meet the physical presence test if you are physically present in a foreign country or countries 330 full days during a period of 12 consecutive months. 2011 irs form 5329 The 330 days do not have to be consecutive. 2011 irs form 5329 Any U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen or resident alien can use the physical presence test to qualify for the exclusions and the deduction. 2011 irs form 5329 The physical presence test is based only on how long you stay in a foreign country or countries. 2011 irs form 5329 This test does not depend on the kind of residence you establish, your intentions about returning, or the nature and purpose of your stay abroad. 2011 irs form 5329 330 full days. 2011 irs form 5329   Generally, to meet the physical presence test, you must be physically present in a foreign country or countries for at least 330 full days during a 12-month period. 2011 irs form 5329 You can count days you spent abroad for any reason. 2011 irs form 5329 You do not have to be in a foreign country only for employment purposes. 2011 irs form 5329 You can be on vacation. 2011 irs form 5329   You do not meet the physical presence test if illness, family problems, a vacation, or your employer's orders cause you to be present for less than the required amount of time. 2011 irs form 5329 Exception. 2011 irs form 5329   You can be physically present in a foreign country or countries for less than 330 full days and still meet the physical presence test if you are required to leave a country because of war or civil unrest. 2011 irs form 5329 See Waiver of Time Requirements, later. 2011 irs form 5329 Full day. 2011 irs form 5329   A full day is a period of 24 consecutive hours, beginning at midnight. 2011 irs form 5329 Travel. 2011 irs form 5329    When you leave the United States to go directly to a foreign country or when you return directly to the United States from a foreign country, the time you spend on or over international waters does not count toward the 330-day total. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329 You leave the United States for France by air on June 10. 2011 irs form 5329 You arrive in France at 9:00 a. 2011 irs form 5329 m. 2011 irs form 5329 on June 11. 2011 irs form 5329 Your first full day of physical presence in France is June 12. 2011 irs form 5329 Passing over foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329   If, in traveling from the United States to a foreign country, you pass over a foreign country before midnight of the day you leave, the first day you can count toward the 330-day total is the day following the day you leave the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329 You leave the United States by air at 9:30 a. 2011 irs form 5329 m. 2011 irs form 5329 on June 10 to travel to Kenya. 2011 irs form 5329 You pass over western Africa at 11:00 p. 2011 irs form 5329 m. 2011 irs form 5329 on June 10 and arrive in Kenya at 12:30 a. 2011 irs form 5329 m. 2011 irs form 5329 on June 11. 2011 irs form 5329 Your first full day in a foreign country is June 11. 2011 irs form 5329 Change of location. 2011 irs form 5329   You can move about from one place to another in a foreign country or to another foreign country without losing full days. 2011 irs form 5329 If any part of your travel is not within any foreign country and takes less than 24 hours, you are considered to be in a foreign country during that part of travel. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 1. 2011 irs form 5329 You leave Ireland by air at 11:00 p. 2011 irs form 5329 m. 2011 irs form 5329 on July 6 and arrive in Sweden at 5:00 a. 2011 irs form 5329 m. 2011 irs form 5329 on July 7. 2011 irs form 5329 Your trip takes less than 24 hours and you lose no full days. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 2. 2011 irs form 5329 You leave Norway by ship at 10:00 p. 2011 irs form 5329 m. 2011 irs form 5329 on July 6 and arrive in Portugal at 6:00 a. 2011 irs form 5329 m. 2011 irs form 5329 on July 8. 2011 irs form 5329 Since your travel is not within a foreign country or countries and the trip takes more than 24 hours, you lose as full days July 6, 7, and 8. 2011 irs form 5329 If you remain in Portugal, your next full day in a foreign country is July 9. 2011 irs form 5329 In United States while in transit. 2011 irs form 5329   If you are in transit between two points outside the United States and are physically present in the United States for less than 24 hours, you are not treated as present in the United States during the transit. 2011 irs form 5329 You are treated as traveling over areas not within any foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329    Please click here for the text description of the image. 2011 irs form 5329 Figure 4-B How to figure the 12-month period. 2011 irs form 5329   There are four rules you should know when figuring the 12-month period. 2011 irs form 5329 Your 12-month period can begin with any day of the month. 2011 irs form 5329 It ends the day before the same calendar day, 12 months later. 2011 irs form 5329 Your 12-month period must be made up of consecutive months. 2011 irs form 5329 Any 12-month period can be used if the 330 days in a foreign country fall within that period. 2011 irs form 5329 You do not have to begin your 12-month period with your first full day in a foreign country or end it with the day you leave. 2011 irs form 5329 You can choose the 12-month period that gives you the greatest exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 In determining whether the 12-month period falls within a longer stay in the foreign country, 12-month periods can overlap one another. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 1. 2011 irs form 5329 You are a construction worker who works on and off in a foreign country over a 20-month period. 2011 irs form 5329 You might pick up the 330 full days in a 12-month period only during the middle months of the time you work in the foreign country because the first few and last few months of the 20-month period are broken up by long visits to the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 2. 2011 irs form 5329 You work in New Zealand for a 20-month period from January 1, 2012, through August 31, 2013, except that you spend 28 days in February 2012 and 28 days in February 2013 on vacation in the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 You are present in New Zealand for at least 330 full days during each of the following two 12-month periods: January 1, 2012 – December 31, 2012 and September 1, 2012 – August 31, 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 By overlapping the 12-month periods in this way, you meet the physical presence test for the whole 20-month period. 2011 irs form 5329 See Figure 4-B, on the previous page. 2011 irs form 5329 Waiver of Time Requirements Both the bona fide residence test and the physical presence test contain minimum time requirements. 2011 irs form 5329 The minimum time requirements can be waived, however, if you must leave a foreign country because of war, civil unrest, or similar adverse conditions in that country. 2011 irs form 5329 You must be able to show that you reasonably could have expected to meet the minimum time requirements if not for the adverse conditions. 2011 irs form 5329 To qualify for the waiver, you must actually have your tax home in the foreign country and be a bona fide resident of, or be physically present in, the foreign country on or before the beginning date of the waiver. 2011 irs form 5329 Early in 2014, the IRS will publish in the Internal Revenue Bulletin a list of the only countries that qualify for the waiver for 2013 and the effective dates. 2011 irs form 5329 If you left one of the countries on or after the date listed for each country, you can meet the bona fide residence test or physical presence test for 2013 without meeting the minimum time requirement. 2011 irs form 5329 However, in figuring your exclusion, the number of your qualifying days of bona fide residence or physical presence includes only days of actual residence or presence within the country. 2011 irs form 5329 U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Travel Restrictions If you are present in a foreign country in violation of U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 law, you will not be treated as a bona fide resident of a foreign country or as physically present in a foreign country while you are in violation of the law. 2011 irs form 5329 Income that you earn from sources within such a country for services performed during a period of violation does not qualify as foreign earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Your housing expenses within that country (or outside that country for housing your spouse or dependents) while you are in violation of the law cannot be included in figuring your foreign housing amount. 2011 irs form 5329 For 2013, the only country to which travel restrictions applied was Cuba. 2011 irs form 5329 The restrictions applied for the entire year. 2011 irs form 5329 However, individuals working at the U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba are not in violation of U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 law. 2011 irs form 5329 Personal service income earned by individuals at the base is eligible for the foreign earned income exclusion provided the other requirements are met. 2011 irs form 5329 Foreign Earned Income To claim the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, or the foreign housing deduction, you must have foreign earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Foreign earned income generally is income you receive for services you perform during a period in which you meet both of the following requirements. 2011 irs form 5329 Your tax home is in a foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329 You meet either the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test. 2011 irs form 5329 To determine whether your tax home is in a foreign country, see Tax Home in Foreign Country, earlier. 2011 irs form 5329 To determine whether you meet either the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test, see Bona Fide Residence Test and Physical Presence Test, earlier. 2011 irs form 5329 Foreign earned income does not include the following amounts. 2011 irs form 5329 The value of meals and lodging that you exclude from your income because the meals and lodging were furnished for the convenience of your employer. 2011 irs form 5329 Pension or annuity payments you receive, including social security benefits (see Pensions and annuities, later). 2011 irs form 5329 Pay you receive as an employee of the U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Government. 2011 irs form 5329 (See U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Government Employees, later. 2011 irs form 5329 ) Amounts you include in your income because of your employer's contributions to a nonexempt employee trust or to a nonqualified annuity contract. 2011 irs form 5329 Any unallowable moving expense deduction that you choose to recapture as explained under Moving Expense Attributable to Foreign Earnings in 2 Years in chapter 5. 2011 irs form 5329 Payments you receive after the end of the tax year following the tax year in which you performed the services that earned the income. 2011 irs form 5329 Earned income. 2011 irs form 5329   This is pay for personal services performed, such as wages, salaries, or professional fees. 2011 irs form 5329 The list that follows classifies many types of income into three categories. 2011 irs form 5329 The column headed Variable Income lists income that may fall into either the earned income category, the unearned income category, or partly into both. 2011 irs form 5329 For more information on earned and unearned income, see Earned and Unearned Income, later. 2011 irs form 5329 Earned Income Unearned Income Variable Income Salaries and wages Dividends Business profits Commissions Interest Royalties Bonuses Capital gains Rents Professional fees Gambling winnings Scholarships and fellowships Tips Alimony     Social security benefits     Pensions     Annuities     In addition to the types of earned income listed, certain noncash income and allowances or reimbursements are considered earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Noncash income. 2011 irs form 5329   The fair market value of property or facilities provided to you by your employer in the form of lodging, meals, or use of a car is earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Allowances or reimbursements. 2011 irs form 5329   Earned income includes allowances or reimbursements you receive, such as the following amounts. 2011 irs form 5329    Cost-of-living allowances. 2011 irs form 5329 Overseas differential. 2011 irs form 5329 Family allowance. 2011 irs form 5329 Reimbursement for education or education allowance. 2011 irs form 5329 Home leave allowance. 2011 irs form 5329 Quarters allowance. 2011 irs form 5329 Reimbursement for moving or moving allowance (unless excluded from income as discussed later in Reimbursement of employee expenses under Earned and Unearned Income). 2011 irs form 5329 Source of Earned Income The source of your earned income is the place where you perform the services for which you received the income. 2011 irs form 5329 Foreign earned income is income you receive for working in a foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329 Where or how you are paid has no effect on the source of the income. 2011 irs form 5329 For example, income you receive for work done in Austria is income from a foreign source even if the income is paid directly to your bank account in the United States and your employer is located in New York City. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329 You are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen, a bona fide resident of Canada, and working as a mining engineer. 2011 irs form 5329 Your salary is $76,800 per year. 2011 irs form 5329 You also receive a $6,000 cost-of-living allowance, and a $6,000 education allowance. 2011 irs form 5329 Your employment contract did not indicate that you were entitled to these allowances only while outside the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 Your total income is $88,800. 2011 irs form 5329 You work a 5-day week, Monday through Friday. 2011 irs form 5329 After subtracting your vacation, you have a total of 240 workdays in the year. 2011 irs form 5329 You worked in the United States during the year for 6 weeks (30 workdays). 2011 irs form 5329 The following shows how to figure the part of your income that is for work done in Canada during the year. 2011 irs form 5329   Number of days worked in Canada during the year (210) × Total income ($88,800) = $77,700     Number of days of work during the year for which payment was made (240)   Your foreign source earned income is $77,700. 2011 irs form 5329 Earned and Unearned Income Earned income was defined earlier as pay for personal services performed. 2011 irs form 5329 Some types of income are not easily identified as earned or unearned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Some of these types of income are further explained here. 2011 irs form 5329 Income from a sole proprietorship or partnership. 2011 irs form 5329   Income from a business in which capital investment is an important part of producing the income may be unearned income. 2011 irs form 5329 If you are a sole proprietor or partner and your personal services are also an important part of producing the income, the part of the income that represents the value of your personal services will be treated as earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Capital a factor. 2011 irs form 5329   If capital investment is an important part of producing income, no more than 30% of your share of the net profits of the business is earned income. 2011 irs form 5329   If you have no net profits, the part of your gross profit that represents a reasonable allowance for personal services actually performed is considered earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Because you do not have a net profit, the 30% limit does not apply. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 1. 2011 irs form 5329 You are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen and meet the bona fide residence test. 2011 irs form 5329 You invest in a partnership based in Cameroon that is engaged solely in selling merchandise outside the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 You perform no services for the partnership. 2011 irs form 5329 At the end of the tax year, your share of the net profits is $80,000. 2011 irs form 5329 The entire $80,000 is unearned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 2. 2011 irs form 5329 Assume that in Example 1 you spend time operating the business. 2011 irs form 5329 Your share of the net profits is $80,000; 30% of your share of the profits is $24,000. 2011 irs form 5329 If the value of your services for the year is $15,000, your earned income is limited to the value of your services, $15,000. 2011 irs form 5329 Capital not a factor. 2011 irs form 5329   If capital is not an income-producing factor and personal services produce the business income, the 30% rule does not apply. 2011 irs form 5329 The entire amount of business income is earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329 You and Lou Green are management consultants and operate as equal partners in performing services outside the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 Because capital is not an income- producing factor, all the income from the partnership is considered earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Income from a corporation. 2011 irs form 5329   The salary you receive from a corporation is earned income only if it represents a reasonable allowance as compensation for work you do for the corporation. 2011 irs form 5329 Any amount over what is considered a reasonable salary is unearned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 1. 2011 irs form 5329 You are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen and an officer and stockholder of a corporation in Honduras. 2011 irs form 5329 You perform no work or service of any kind for the corporation. 2011 irs form 5329 During the tax year you receive a $10,000 “salary” from the corporation. 2011 irs form 5329 The $10,000 clearly is not for personal services and is unearned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Example 2. 2011 irs form 5329 You are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen and work full time as secretary-treasurer of your corporation. 2011 irs form 5329 During the tax year you receive $100,000 as salary from the corporation. 2011 irs form 5329 If $80,000 is a reasonable allowance as pay for the work you did, then $80,000 is earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Stock options. 2011 irs form 5329   You may have earned income if you disposed of stock that you got by exercising a stock option granted to you under an employee stock purchase plan. 2011 irs form 5329   If your gain on the disposition of stock you got by exercising an option is treated as capital gain, your gain is unearned income. 2011 irs form 5329   However, if you disposed of the stock less than 2 years after you were granted the option or less than 1 year after you got the stock, part of the gain on the disposition may be earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 It is considered received in the year you disposed of the stock and earned in the year you performed the services for which you were granted the option. 2011 irs form 5329 Any part of the earned income that is due to work you did outside the United States is foreign earned income. 2011 irs form 5329   See Publication 525, Taxable and Nontaxable Income, for a discussion of the treatment of stock options. 2011 irs form 5329 Pensions and annuities. 2011 irs form 5329    For purposes of the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, and the foreign housing deduction, amounts received as pensions or annuities are unearned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Royalties. 2011 irs form 5329   Royalties from the leasing of oil and mineral lands and patents generally are a form of rent or dividends and are unearned income. 2011 irs form 5329   Royalties received by a writer are earned income if they are received: For the transfer of property rights of the writer in the writer's product, or Under a contract to write a book or series of articles. 2011 irs form 5329 Rental income. 2011 irs form 5329   Generally, rental income is unearned income. 2011 irs form 5329 If you perform personal services in connection with the production of rent, up to 30% of your net rental income can be considered earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329 Larry Smith, a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen living in Australia, owns and operates a rooming house in Sydney. 2011 irs form 5329 If he is operating the rooming house as a business that requires capital and personal services, he can consider up to 30% of net rental income as earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 On the other hand, if he just owns the rooming house and performs no personal services connected with its operation, except perhaps making minor repairs and collecting rents, none of his net income from the house is considered earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 It is all unearned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Professional fees. 2011 irs form 5329   If you are engaged in a professional occupation (such as a doctor or lawyer), all fees received in the performance of these services are earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Income of an artist. 2011 irs form 5329   Income you receive from the sale of paintings you created is earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Scholarships and fellowships. 2011 irs form 5329   Any portion of a scholarship or fellowship grant that is paid to you for teaching, research or other services is considered earned income if you must include it in your gross income. 2011 irs form 5329 If the payer of the grant is required to provide you with a Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, these amounts will be listed as wages. 2011 irs form 5329    Certain scholarship and fellowship income may be exempt under other provisions. 2011 irs form 5329 See Publication 970, Tax Benefits for Education, chapter 1. 2011 irs form 5329 Use of employer's property or facilities. 2011 irs form 5329   If you receive fringe benefits in the form of the right to use your employer's property or facilities, the fair market value of that right is earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Fair market value is the price at which the property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller, neither being required to buy or sell, and both having reasonable knowledge of all the necessary facts. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329 You are privately employed and live in Japan all year. 2011 irs form 5329 You are paid a salary of $6,000 a month. 2011 irs form 5329 You live rent-free in a house provided by your employer that has a fair rental value of $3,000 a month. 2011 irs form 5329 The house is not provided for your employer's convenience. 2011 irs form 5329 You report on the calendar-year, cash basis. 2011 irs form 5329 You received $72,000 salary from foreign sources plus $36,000 fair rental value of the house, or a total of $108,000 of earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Reimbursement of employee expenses. 2011 irs form 5329   If you are reimbursed under an accountable plan (defined below) for expenses you incur on your employer's behalf and you have adequately accounted to your employer for the expenses, do not include the reimbursement for those expenses in your earned income. 2011 irs form 5329   The expenses for which you are reimbursed are not considered allocable (related) to your earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 If expenses and reimbursement are equal, there is nothing to allocate to excluded income. 2011 irs form 5329 If expenses are more than the reimbursement, the unreimbursed expenses are considered to have been incurred in producing earned income and must be divided between your excluded and included income in determining the amount of unreimbursed expenses you can deduct. 2011 irs form 5329 (See chapter 5. 2011 irs form 5329 ) If the reimbursement is more than the expenses, no expenses remain to be divided between excluded and included income and the excess reimbursement must be included in earned income. 2011 irs form 5329   These rules do not apply to the following individuals. 2011 irs form 5329 Straight-commission salespersons. 2011 irs form 5329 Employees who have arrangements with their employers under which taxes are not withheld on a percentage of the commissions because the employers consider that percentage to be attributable to the employees' expenses. 2011 irs form 5329 Accountable plan. 2011 irs form 5329   An accountable plan is a reimbursement or allowance arrangement that includes all three of the following rules. 2011 irs form 5329 The expenses covered under the plan must have a business connection. 2011 irs form 5329 The employee must adequately account to the employer for these expenses within a reasonable period of time. 2011 irs form 5329 The employee must return any excess reimbursement or allowance within a reasonable period of time. 2011 irs form 5329 Reimbursement of moving expenses. 2011 irs form 5329   Reimbursement of moving expenses may be earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 You must include as earned income: Any reimbursements of, or payments for, nondeductible moving expenses, Reimbursements that are more than your deductible expenses and that you do not return to your employer, Any reimbursements made (or treated as made) under a nonaccountable plan (any plan that does not meet the rules listed above for an accountable plan), even if they are for deductible expenses, and Any reimbursement of moving expenses you deducted in an earlier year. 2011 irs form 5329 This section discusses reimbursements that must be included in earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Publication 521, Moving Expenses, discusses additional rules that apply to moving expense deductions and reimbursements. 2011 irs form 5329   The rules for determining when the reimbursement is considered earned or where the reimbursement is considered earned may differ somewhat from the general rules previously discussed. 2011 irs form 5329   Although you receive the reimbursement in one tax year, it may be considered earned for services performed, or to be performed, in another tax year. 2011 irs form 5329 You must report the reimbursement as income on your return in the year you receive it, even if it is considered earned during a different year. 2011 irs form 5329 Move from U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 to foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329   If you move from the United States to a foreign country, your moving expense reimbursement is generally considered pay for future services to be performed at the new location. 2011 irs form 5329 The reimbursement is considered earned solely in the year of the move if you qualify for the exclusion for a period that includes at least 120 days during that tax year. 2011 irs form 5329   If you are neither a bona fide resident of nor physically present in a foreign country or countries for a period that includes 120 days during the year of the move, a portion of the reimbursement is considered earned in the year of the move and a portion is considered earned in the year following the year of the move. 2011 irs form 5329 To figure the amount earned in the year of the move, multiply the reimbursement by a fraction. 2011 irs form 5329 The numerator (top number) is the number of days in your qualifying period that fall within the year of the move, and the denominator (bottom number) is the total number of days in the year of the move. 2011 irs form 5329   The difference between the total reimbursement and the amount considered earned in the year of the move is the amount considered earned in the year following the year of the move. 2011 irs form 5329 The part earned in each year is figured as shown in the following example. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329 You are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen working in the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 You were told in October 2012 that you were being transferred to a foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329 You arrived in the foreign country on December 15, 2012, and you are a bona fide resident for the remainder of 2012 and all of 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 Your employer reimbursed you $2,000 in January 2013 for the part of the moving expense that you were not allowed to deduct. 2011 irs form 5329 Because you did not qualify for the exclusion under the bona fide residence test for at least 120 days in 2012 (the year of the move), the reimbursement is considered pay for services performed in the foreign country for both 2012 and 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 You figure the part of the reimbursement for services performed in the foreign country in 2012 by multiplying the total reimbursement by a fraction. 2011 irs form 5329 The fraction is the number of days during which you were a bona fide resident in 2012 (the year of the move) divided by 366. 2011 irs form 5329 The remaining part of the reimbursement is for services performed in the foreign country in 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 This computation is used only to determine when the reimbursement is considered earned. 2011 irs form 5329 You would include the amount of the reimbursement in income in 2013, the year you received it. 2011 irs form 5329 Move between foreign countries. 2011 irs form 5329   If you move between foreign countries, any moving expense reimbursement that you must include in income will be considered earned in the year of the move if you qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion for a period that includes at least 120 days in the year of the move. 2011 irs form 5329 Move to U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329   If you move to the United States, the moving expense reimbursement that you must include in income is generally considered to be U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 source income. 2011 irs form 5329   However, if under either an agreement between you and your employer or a statement of company policy that is reduced to writing before your move to the foreign country, your employer will reimburse you for your move back to the United States regardless of whether you continue to work for the employer, the includible reimbursement is considered compensation for past services performed in the foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329 The includible reimbursement is considered earned in the year of the move if you qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion for a period that includes at least 120 days during that year. 2011 irs form 5329 Otherwise, you treat the includible reimbursement as received for services performed in the foreign country in the year of the move and the year immediately before the year of the move. 2011 irs form 5329   See the discussion under Move from U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 to foreign country , earlier, to figure the amount of the includible reimbursement considered earned in the year of the move. 2011 irs form 5329 The amount earned in the year before the year of the move is the difference between the total includible reimbursement and the amount earned in the year of the move. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329 You are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 citizen employed in a foreign country. 2011 irs form 5329 You retired from employment with your employer on March 31, 2013, and returned to the United States after having been a bona fide resident of the foreign country for several years. 2011 irs form 5329 A written agreement with your employer entered into before you went abroad provided that you would be reimbursed for your move back to the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 In April 2013, your former employer reimbursed you $4,000 for the part of the cost of your move back to the United States that you were not allowed to deduct. 2011 irs form 5329 Because you were not a bona fide resident of a foreign country or countries for a period that included at least 120 days in 2013 (the year of the move), the includible reimbursement is considered pay for services performed in the foreign country for both 2013 and 2012. 2011 irs form 5329 You figure the part of the moving expense reimbursement for services performed in the foreign country for 2013 by multiplying the total includible reimbursement by a fraction. 2011 irs form 5329 The fraction is the number of days of foreign residence during the year (90) divided by the number of days in the year (365). 2011 irs form 5329 The remaining part of the includible reimbursement is for services performed in the foreign country in 2012. 2011 irs form 5329 You report the amount of the includible reimbursement in 2013, the year you received it. 2011 irs form 5329    In this example, if you met the physical presence test for a period that included at least 120 days in 2013, the moving expense reimbursement would be considered earned entirely in the year of the move. 2011 irs form 5329 Storage expense reimbursements. 2011 irs form 5329   If you are reimbursed for storage expenses, the reimbursement is for services you perform during the period of time for which the storage expenses are incurred. 2011 irs form 5329 U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Government Employees For purposes of the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, and the foreign housing deduction, foreign earned income does not include any amounts paid by the United States or any of its agencies to its employees. 2011 irs form 5329 This includes amounts paid from both appropriated and nonappropriated funds. 2011 irs form 5329 The following organizations (and other organizations similarly organized and operated under United States Army, Navy, or Air Force regulations) are integral parts of the Armed Forces, agencies, or instrumentalities of the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 United States Armed Forces exchanges. 2011 irs form 5329 Commissioned and noncommissioned officers' messes. 2011 irs form 5329 Armed Forces motion picture services. 2011 irs form 5329 Kindergartens on foreign Armed Forces installations. 2011 irs form 5329 Amounts paid by the United States or its agencies to persons who are not their employees may qualify for exclusion or deduction. 2011 irs form 5329 If you are a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Government employee paid by a U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 agency that assigned you to a foreign government to perform specific services for which the agency is reimbursed by the foreign government, your pay is from the U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Government and does not qualify for exclusion or deduction. 2011 irs form 5329 If you have questions about whether you are an employee or an independent contractor, get Publication 15-A, Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide. 2011 irs form 5329 American Institute in Taiwan. 2011 irs form 5329   Amounts paid by the American Institute in Taiwan are not foreign earned income for purposes of the foreign earned income exclusion, the foreign housing exclusion, or the foreign housing deduction. 2011 irs form 5329 If you are an employee of the American Institute in Taiwan, allowances you receive are exempt from U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 tax up to the amount that equals tax-exempt allowances received by civilian employees of the U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Government. 2011 irs form 5329 Allowances. 2011 irs form 5329   Cost-of-living and foreign-area allowances paid under certain acts of Congress to U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 civilian officers and employees stationed in Alaska and Hawaii or elsewhere outside the 48 contiguous states and the District of Columbia can be excluded from gross income. 2011 irs form 5329 Post differentials are wages that must be included in gross income, regardless of the act of Congress under which they are paid. 2011 irs form 5329 More information. 2011 irs form 5329   Publication 516, U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Government Civilian Employees Stationed Abroad, has more information for U. 2011 irs form 5329 S. 2011 irs form 5329 Government employees abroad. 2011 irs form 5329 Exclusion of Meals and Lodging You do not include in your income the value of meals and lodging provided to you and your family by your employer at no charge if the following conditions are met. 2011 irs form 5329 The meals are furnished: On the business premises of your employer, and For the convenience of your employer. 2011 irs form 5329 The lodging is furnished: On the business premises of your employer, For the convenience of your employer, and As a condition of your employment. 2011 irs form 5329 If these conditions are met, do not include the value of the meals or lodging in your income, even if a law or your employment contract says that they are provided as compensation. 2011 irs form 5329 Amounts you do not include in income because of these rules are not foreign earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 If you receive a Form W-2, excludable amounts should not be included in the total reported in box 1 as wages. 2011 irs form 5329 Family. 2011 irs form 5329   Your family, for this purpose, includes only your spouse and your dependents. 2011 irs form 5329 Lodging. 2011 irs form 5329   The value of lodging includes the cost of heat, electricity, gas, water, sewer service, and similar items needed to make the lodging fit to live in. 2011 irs form 5329 Business premises of employer. 2011 irs form 5329   Generally, the business premises of your employer is wherever you work. 2011 irs form 5329 For example, if you work as a housekeeper, meals and lodging provided in your employer's home are provided on the business premises of your employer. 2011 irs form 5329 Similarly, meals provided to cowhands while herding cattle on land leased or owned by their employer are considered provided on the premises of their employer. 2011 irs form 5329 Convenience of employer. 2011 irs form 5329   Whether meals or lodging are provided for your employer's convenience must be determined from all the facts and circumstances. 2011 irs form 5329 Meals furnished at no charge are considered provided for your employer's convenience if there is a good business reason for providing them, other than to give you more pay. 2011 irs form 5329   On the other hand, if your employer provides meals to you or your family as a means of giving you more pay, and there is no other business reason for providing them, their value is extra income to you because they are not furnished for the convenience of your employer. 2011 irs form 5329 Condition of employment. 2011 irs form 5329   Lodging is provided as a condition of employment if you must accept the lodging to properly carry out the duties of your job. 2011 irs form 5329 You must accept lodging to properly carry out your duties if, for example, you must be available for duty at all times or you could not perform your duties if the lodging was not furnished. 2011 irs form 5329 Foreign camps. 2011 irs form 5329   If the lodging is in a camp located in a foreign country, the camp is considered part of your employer's business premises. 2011 irs form 5329 The camp must be: Provided for your employer's convenience because the place where you work is in a remote area where satisfactory housing is not available to you on the open market within a reasonable commuting distance, Located as close as reasonably possible in the area where you work, and Provided in a common area or enclave that is not available to the general public for lodging or accommodations and that normally houses at least ten employees. 2011 irs form 5329 Foreign Earned Income Exclusion If your tax home is in a foreign country and you meet the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test, you can choose to exclude from your income a limited amount of your foreign earned income. 2011 irs form 5329 Foreign earned income was defined earlier in this chapter. 2011 irs form 5329 You also can choose to exclude from your income a foreign housing amount. 2011 irs form 5329 This is explained later under Foreign Housing Exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 If you choose to exclude a foreign housing amount, you must figure the foreign housing exclusion before you figure the foreign earned income exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 Your foreign earned income exclusion is limited to your foreign earned income minus your foreign housing exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 If you choose to exclude foreign earned income, you cannot deduct, exclude, or claim a credit for any item that can be allocated to or charged against the excluded amounts. 2011 irs form 5329 This includes any expenses, losses, and other normally deductible items allocable to the excluded income. 2011 irs form 5329 For more information about deductions and credits, see chapter 5 . 2011 irs form 5329 Limit on Excludable Amount You may be able to exclude up to $97,600 of your foreign earned income in 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 You cannot exclude more than the smaller of: $97,600, or Your foreign earned income (discussed earlier) for the tax year minus your foreign housing exclusion (discussed later). 2011 irs form 5329 If both you and your spouse work abroad and each of you meets either the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test, you can each choose the foreign earned income exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 You do not both need to meet the same test. 2011 irs form 5329 Together, you and your spouse can exclude as much as $195,200. 2011 irs form 5329 Paid in year following work. 2011 irs form 5329   Generally, you are considered to have earned income in the year in which you do the work for which you receive the income, even if you work in one year but are not paid until the following year. 2011 irs form 5329 If you report your income on a cash basis, you report the income on your return for the year you receive it. 2011 irs form 5329 If you work one year, but are not paid for that work until the next year, the amount you can exclude in the year you are paid is the amount you could have excluded in the year you did the work if you had been paid in that year. 2011 irs form 5329 For an exception to this general rule, see Year-end payroll period, later. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329 You were a bona fide resident of Brazil for all of 2012 and 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 You report your income on the cash basis. 2011 irs form 5329 In 2012, you were paid $84,200 for work you did in Brazil during that year. 2011 irs form 5329 You excluded all of the $84,200 from your income in 2012. 2011 irs form 5329 In 2013, you were paid $117,300 for your work in Brazil. 2011 irs form 5329 $18,800 was for work you did in 2012 and $98,500 was for work you did in 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 You can exclude $10,900 of the $18,800 from your income in 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 This is the $95,100 maximum exclusion in 2012 minus the $84,200 actually excluded that year. 2011 irs form 5329 You must include the remaining $7,900 in income in 2013 because you could not have excluded that income in 2012 if you had received it that year. 2011 irs form 5329 You can exclude $97,600 of the $98,500 you were paid for work you did in 2013 from your 2013 income. 2011 irs form 5329 Your total foreign earned income exclusion for 2013 is $108,500 ($10,900 for work you did in 2012 and $97,600 for work you did in 2013). 2011 irs form 5329 You would include in your 2013 income $8,800 ($7,900 for the work you did in 2012 and $900 for the work you did in 2013). 2011 irs form 5329 Year-end payroll period. 2011 irs form 5329   There is an exception to the general rule that income is considered earned in the year you do the work for which you receive the income. 2011 irs form 5329 If you are a cash-basis taxpayer, any salary or wage payment you receive after the end of the year in which you do the work for which you receive the pay is considered earned entirely in the year you receive it if all four of the following apply. 2011 irs form 5329 The period for which the payment is made is a normal payroll period of your employer that regularly applies to you. 2011 irs form 5329 The payroll period includes the last day of your tax year (December 31 if you figure your taxes on a calendar-year basis). 2011 irs form 5329 The payroll period is not longer than 16 days. 2011 irs form 5329 The payday comes at the same time in relation to the payroll period that it would normally come and it comes before the end of the next payroll period. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329 You are paid twice a month. 2011 irs form 5329 For the normal payroll period that begins on the first of the month and ends on the fifteenth of the month, you are paid on the sixteenth day of the month. 2011 irs form 5329 For the normal payroll period that begins on the sixteenth of the month and ends on the last day of the month, you are paid on the first day of the following month. 2011 irs form 5329 Because all of the above conditions are met, the pay you received on January 1, 2013, is considered earned in 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 Income earned over more than 1 year. 2011 irs form 5329   Regardless of when you actually receive income, you must apply it to the year in which you earned it in figuring your excludable amount for that year. 2011 irs form 5329 For example, a bonus may be based on work you did over several years. 2011 irs form 5329 You determine the amount of the bonus that is considered earned in a particular year in two steps. 2011 irs form 5329 Divide the bonus by the number of calendar months in the period when you did the work that resulted in the bonus. 2011 irs form 5329 Multiply the result of (1) by the number of months you did the work during the year. 2011 irs form 5329 This is the amount that is subject to the exclusion limit for that tax year. 2011 irs form 5329 Income received more than 1 year after it was earned. 2011 irs form 5329   You cannot exclude income you receive after the end of the year following the year you do the work to earn it. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329   You were a bona fide resident of Sweden for 2011, 2012, and 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 You report your income on the cash basis. 2011 irs form 5329 In 2011, you were paid $69,000 for work you did in Sweden that year and in 2012 you were paid $74,000 for that year's work in Sweden. 2011 irs form 5329 You excluded all the income on your 2011 and 2012 returns. 2011 irs form 5329   In 2013, you were paid $92,000; $82,000 for your work in Sweden during 2013, and $10,000 for work you did in Sweden in 2011. 2011 irs form 5329 You cannot exclude any of the $10,000 for work done in 2011 because you received it after the end of the year following the year in which you earned it. 2011 irs form 5329 You must include the $10,000 in income. 2011 irs form 5329 You can exclude all of the $82,000 received for work you did in 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 Community income. 2011 irs form 5329   The maximum exclusion applies separately to the earnings of spouses. 2011 irs form 5329 Ignore any community property laws when you figure your limit on the foreign earned income exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 Part-year exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329   If the period for which you qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion includes only part of the year, you must adjust the maximum limit based on the number of qualifying days in the year. 2011 irs form 5329 The number of qualifying days is the number of days in the year within the period on which you both: Have your tax home in a foreign country, and Meet either the bona fide residence test or the physical presence test. 2011 irs form 5329   For this purpose, you can count as qualifying days all days within a period of 12 consecutive months once you are physically present and have your tax home in a foreign country for 330 full days. 2011 irs form 5329 To figure your maximum exclusion, multiply the maximum excludable amount for the year by the number of your qualifying days in the year, and then divide the result by the number of days in the year. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329 You report your income on the calendar-year basis and you qualified for the foreign earned income exclusion under the bona fide residence test for 75 days in 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 You can exclude a maximum of 75/365 of $97,600, or $20,055, of your foreign earned income for 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 If you qualify under the bona fide residence test for all of 2014, you can exclude your foreign earned income up to the 2014 limit. 2011 irs form 5329 Physical presence test. 2011 irs form 5329   Under the physical presence test, a 12-month period can be any period of 12 consecutive months that includes 330 full days. 2011 irs form 5329 If you qualify for the foreign earned income exclusion under the physical presence test for part of a year, it is important to carefully choose the 12-month period that will allow the maximum exclusion for that year. 2011 irs form 5329 Example. 2011 irs form 5329 You are physically present and have your tax home in a foreign country for a 16-month period from June 1, 2012, through September 30, 2013, except for 16 days in December 2012 when you were on vacation in the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 You figure the maximum exclusion for 2012 as follows. 2011 irs form 5329 Beginning with June 1, 2012, count forward 330 full days. 2011 irs form 5329 Do not count the 16 days you spent in the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 The 330th day, May 12, 2013, is the last day of a 12-month period. 2011 irs form 5329 Count backward 12 months from May 11, 2013, to find the first day of this 12-month period, May 12, 2012. 2011 irs form 5329 This 12-month period runs from May 12, 2012, through May 11, 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 Count the total days during 2012 that fall within this 12-month period. 2011 irs form 5329 This is 234 days (May 12, 2012 – December 31, 2012). 2011 irs form 5329 Multiply $95,100 (the maximum exclusion for 2012) by the fraction 234/366 to find your maximum exclusion for 2012 ($60,802). 2011 irs form 5329 You figure the maximum exclusion for 2013 in the opposite manner. 2011 irs form 5329 Beginning with your last full day, September 30, 2013, count backward 330 full days. 2011 irs form 5329 Do not count the 16 days you spent in the United States. 2011 irs form 5329 That day, October 20, 2012, is the first day of a 12-month period. 2011 irs form 5329 Count forward 12 months from October 20, 2012, to find the last day of this 12-month period, October 19, 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 This 12-month period runs from October 20, 2012, through October 19, 2013. 2011 irs form 5329 Count the total days during 2013 that fall within this 12-month period. 2011 irs form 5329 This is 292 days (January 1, 2013 – October 19, 2013). 2011 irs form 5329 Multiply $97,600, the maximum limit, by the fraction 292/365 to find your maximum exclusion for 2013 ($78,080). 2011 irs form 5329 Choosing the Exclusion The foreign earned income exclusion is voluntary. 2011 irs form 5329 You can choose the exclusion by completing the appropriate parts of Form 2555. 2011 irs form 5329 When You Can Choose the Exclusion Your initial choice of the exclusion on Form 2555 or Form 2555-EZ generally must be made with one of the following returns. 2011 irs form 5329 A return filed by the due date (including any extensions). 2011 irs form 5329 A return amending a timely-filed return. 2011 irs form 5329 Amended returns generally must be filed by the later of 3 years after the filing date of the original return or 2 years after the tax is paid. 2011 irs form 5329 A return filed within 1 year from the original due date of the return (determined without regard to any extensions). 2011 irs form 5329 Filing after the above periods. 2011 irs form 5329   You can choose the exclusion on a return filed after the periods described above if you owe no federal income tax after taking into account the exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 If you owe federal income tax after taking into account the exclusion, you can choose the exclusion on a return filed after the periods described earlier if you file before the IRS discovers that you failed to choose the exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 Whether or not you owe federal income tax after taking the exclusion into account, if you file your return after the periods described earlier, you must type or legibly print at the top of the first page of the Form 1040 “Filed pursuant to section 1. 2011 irs form 5329 911-7(a)(2)(i)(D). 2011 irs form 5329 ” If you owe federal income tax after taking into account the foreign earned income exclusion and the IRS discovered that you failed to choose the exclusion, you may still be able to choose the exclusion. 2011 irs form 5329 You must request a private letter ruling under Income Tax Regulation 301. 2011 irs form 5329 9100-3 and Revenue Procedure 2013-1, 2013-1 I. 2011 irs form 5329 R. 2011 irs form 5329 B. 2011 irs form 5329 1, available at www. 2011 irs form 5329 irs. 2011 irs form 5329 gov/irb/2013-01_IRB/ar06. 2011 irs form 5329 html. 2011 irs form 5329 Effect of Choosing the Exclusion Once you choose to exclude your foreign earned income, that choice remains in effect for that year and all later years unless you revoke it. 2011 irs form 5329 Foreign tax credit or deduction. 2011 irs form 5329