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2008 Tax Return

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2008 Tax Return

2008 tax return 16. 2008 tax return   Cómo Declarar Ganancias y Pérdidas Table of Contents Qué Hay de Nuevo Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Cómo Declarar Ganancias y Pérdidas de CapitalExcepción 1. 2008 tax return Excepción 2. 2008 tax return Presente el Formulario 1099-B o el Formulario 1099-S al IRS. 2008 tax return Pérdidas de Capital Tasas Impositivas sobre Ganancias de Capital Qué Hay de Nuevo Tasas máximas de ganancias de capital. 2008 tax return  Para el año 2013, las tasas máximas de ganancias de capital son del 0%, 15%, 20%, 25% y 28%. 2008 tax return Introduction En este capítulo se explica cómo declarar ganancias y pérdidas de capital provenientes de ventas, intercambios y otras enajenaciones de bienes de inversión en el Formulario 8949 y el Anexo D (Formulario 1040). 2008 tax return Esta explicación abarca los siguientes temas: Cómo declarar ganancias y pérdidas a corto plazo. 2008 tax return Cómo declarar ganancias y pérdidas a largo plazo. 2008 tax return Cómo calcular pérdidas de capital que se van a trasladar al año siguiente. 2008 tax return Cómo calcular los impuestos sobre una ganancia neta de capital. 2008 tax return Si vende o de otro modo enajena bienes utilizados en una ocupación o negocio o en la producción de ingresos, vea la Publicación 544, Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets (Ventas y otras enajenaciones de activos), en inglés, antes de completar el Anexo D (Formulario 1040). 2008 tax return Useful Items - You may want to see: Publicación 537 Installment Sales (Ventas a plazos), en inglés 544 Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets (Ventas y otras enajenaciones de activos), en inglés 550 Investment Income and Expenses (Ingresos y gastos de inversión), en inglés Formulario (e Instrucciones) 4797 Sales of Business Property (Ventas de bienes comerciales), en inglés 6252 Installment Sale Income (Ingresos de ventas a plazos), en inglés 8582 Passive Activity Loss Limitations (Limitaciones de pérdidas en actividades pasivas), en inglés 8949 Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets (Ventas y otras enajenaciones de activos de capital, en inglés) Anexo D (Formulario 1040) Capital Gains and Losses (Ganancias y pérdidas de capital), en inglés Cómo Declarar Ganancias y Pérdidas de Capital Declare sus ganancias y pérdidas de capital en el Formulario 8949. 2008 tax return Complete el Formulario 8949 antes de completar las líneas 1b, 2, 3, 8b, 9 ó 10 del Anexo D (Formulario 1040). 2008 tax return Use el Formulario 8949 para declarar: La venta o intercambio de un activo de capital, la cual no se declaró en ningún otro formulario o anexo, Ganancias por canjes involuntarios (aparte de cuando se deba a un hecho fortuito o un robo) de activos de capital que no sirven para propósitos de negocio o lucro y Deudas incobrables que no provienen del negocio. 2008 tax return Use el Anexo D (Formulario 1040): Para calcular la ganancia o pérdida total de las transacciones declaradas en el Formulario 8949; Para declarar una ganancia proveniente del Formulario 6252 o de la Parte I del Formulario 4797; Para declarar una ganancia o pérdida proveniente del Formulario 4684, 6781 u 8824; Para declarar distribuciones de ganancias de capital no declaradas directamente en el Formulario 1040 o en el Formulario 1040A; Para declarar una pérdida de capital trasladada del año tributario anterior al año tributario actual; Para declarar su parte de una ganancia (o pérdida) de una sociedad colectiva, sociedad anónima de tipo S, caudal hereditario o fideicomiso; Para declarar las transacciones informadas a usted en el Formulario 1099-B (o documento sustitutivo), el cual muestra las bases informadas al IRS y al cual no corresponde ninguno de los ajustes o códigos del Formulario 8949; y Para declarar ganancias de capital a largo plazo no distribuidas provenientes del Formulario 2439. 2008 tax return Anote en el Formulario 8949 todas las ventas e intercambios de activos de capital (incluyendo acciones, bonos, etc. 2008 tax return ) y de bienes raíces (si no se declararon en el Formulario 4684, 4797, 6252, 6781 u 8824 o la línea 1a u 8a del Anexo D). 2008 tax return Declare estas transacciones aun si usted no recibió un Formulario 1099-B o 1099-S (u otra declaración sustitutiva) para la transacción. 2008 tax return Declare las ganancias o pérdidas a corto plazo en la Parte I. 2008 tax return Declare ganancias y pérdidas a largo plazo en la Parte II. 2008 tax return Use cuantos Formularios 8949 sean necesarios. 2008 tax return Excepciones a la presentación del Formulario 8949 y el Anexo D (Formulario 1040). 2008 tax return   Hay ciertas circunstancias bajo las cuales usted tal vez no tenga que presentar el Formulario 8949 ni el Anexo D (Formulario 1040). 2008 tax return Excepción 1. 2008 tax return   Usted no tiene que presentar el Formulario 8949 ni el Anexo D (Formulario 1040) si no tiene pérdidas de capital y sus únicas ganancias de capital son distribuciones de ganancia de capital correspondientes al (los) recuadro(s) 2a del (de los) Formulario(s) 1099-DIV (o declaraciones sustitutivas). 2008 tax return (Si alguno de los Formularios 1099-DIV (o declaraciones sustitutivas) que usted recibe indica una cifra en el recuadro 2b (ganancias no recuperadas conforme a la sección 1250), el recuadro 2c (ganancias conforme a la sección 1202) o el recuadro 2d (ganancias (tasas de 28%) por la venta de objetos coleccionables, usted no reúne los requisitos para esta excepción). 2008 tax return Si reúne los requisitos para esta excepción, declare sus distribuciones de ganancia de capital directamente en la línea 13 del Formulario 1040 y marque el recuadro en la línea 13. 2008 tax return También debe utillizar la Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet (Hoja de trabajo para impuestos sobre dividendos y ganancias de capital), que encontrará en las Instrucciones del Formulario 1040, para calcular su impuesto. 2008 tax return Usted pede declarar sus distribuciones de ganancias de capital en la línea 10 del Formulario 1040A, en vez del Formulario 1040, si ninguno de los Formularios 1099-DIV (o declaraciones sustitutivas) que usted recibió indica una cifra en los recuadros 2b, 2c o 2d y usted no tiene que presentar el Formulario 1040. 2008 tax return Excepción 2. 2008 tax return   Usted tiene que presentar el Anexo D (Formulario 1040), pero por lo general no tiene que presentar el Formulario 8949 si la Excepción 1 no le corresponde y sus únicas ganancias y pérdidas de capital son: Distribuciones de ganancias de capital; Una pérdida de capital trasladada de un año anterior; Una ganancia correspondiente al Formulario 2439 ó 6252, o de la Parte I del Formulario 4797; Una ganancia o pérdida correspondiente al Formulario 4684, 6781 u 8824; Una ganancia o pérdida de una sociedad colectiva, sociedad anónima de tipo S, un caudal hereditario o fideicomiso; Ganancias y pérdidas de transacciones por las cuales usted recibió el Formulario 1099-B (o un documento sustitutivo), el cual muestra las bases informadas al IRS y por lo cual no necesita hacer ningún ajuste en la columna (g) del Formulario 8949 ni anotar ningún código en la columna (f) del Formulario 8949. 2008 tax return Ventas a plazos. 2008 tax return   No puede utilizar el método de pago a plazos para declarar una ganancia proveniente de la venta de acciones o valores bursátiles cotizados en un mercado de valores bursátiles establecido. 2008 tax return Tiene que declarar la totalidad de la ganancia en el año de la venta (el año en el que ocurra la fecha de canje). 2008 tax return Ganancias y pérdidas provenientes de una actividad pasiva. 2008 tax return    Si tiene pérdidas o ganancias provenientes de una actividad pasiva, es posible que tenga que declararlas también en el Formulario 8582. 2008 tax return En ciertos casos, la pérdida puede ser limitada conforme a las reglas de actividad pasiva. 2008 tax return Consulte el Formulario 8582 y sus instrucciones correspondientes por separado para obtener información adicional sobre la declaración de ganancias y pérdidas de capital producto de una actividad pasiva. 2008 tax return Transacciones que se declaran en el Formulario 1099-B. 2008 tax return   Si vendió bienes, como acciones, bonos o ciertos productos de consumo bursátiles, a través de un agente corredor bursátil, éste debe entregarle un Formulario 1099-B o documento sustitutivo. 2008 tax return Utilice el Formulario 1099-B o el documento sustitutivo para completar el Formulario 8949. 2008 tax return Si usted vendió un valor bursátil garantizado en 2013, su agente corredor bursátil le mandará un Formulario 1099-B (o declaración sustitutiva) que le indica la base. 2008 tax return Esto le ayudará a completar el Formulario 8949. 2008 tax return Por lo general, los valores bursátiles garantizados son aquéllos que usted adquirió después del año 2010. 2008 tax return   Declare las ganancias brutas que aparezcan en el recuadro 2a del Formulario 1099-B como el precio de venta en la columna (d) de la Parte I o la Parte II del Formulario 8949, según le corresponda a su caso. 2008 tax return No obstante, si el agente corredor bursátil indica, en el recuadro 2a del Formulario 1099-B, haber declarado al IRS las ganancias brutas (precio de venta) menos comisiones y primas de opciones, anote el precio neto de venta resultante en la columna (d) de la Parte I o de la Parte II del Formulario 8949, según le corresponda a su caso. 2008 tax return   Incluya en la columna (g) todo gasto de venta, tal como honorarios de agente corredor bursátil, comisiones, impuestos de traspaso locales y estatales y primas de opciones, a menos que usted haya declarado el precio neto de venta en la columna (d). 2008 tax return Si incluye un gasto de venta en la columna (g), anote “E” en la columna (f). 2008 tax return Transacciones que se declaran en el Formulario 1099-CAP. 2008 tax return   Si es dueño de acciones de una sociedad anónima en cuyo control o estructura de capital haya habido cambios importantes, dicha sociedad debe enviarle el Formulario 1099-CAP o documento sustitutivo. 2008 tax return Utilice el Formulario 1099-CAP o documento sustitutivo para completar el Formulario 8949. 2008 tax return Si sus cálculos indican que, debido al cambio, usted tendría una pérdida, no anote ninguna cantidad en el Formulario 8949 ni en el Anexo D (Formulario 1040). 2008 tax return Esta transacción no le da la posibilidad de declarar una pérdida en el Anexo D (Formulario 1040). 2008 tax return   Declare el total de la cantidad recibida indicado en el recuadro 2 del Formulario 1099-CAP como el precio de venta en la columna (d) de la Parte I o de la Parte II del Formulario 8949, según le corresponda a su caso. 2008 tax return Transacciones que se declaran en el Formulario 1099-S. 2008 tax return   Si vendió o canjeó bienes raíces que han de declararse, normalmente la persona encargada de comunicar transacciones de bienes raíces debe entregarle un Formulario 1099-S en el que se indiquen las ganancias brutas. 2008 tax return    “Bienes raíces que han de declararse” son toda participación en una propiedad actual o futura en cualesquiera de los siguientes casos: Terrenos con o sin mejoras, incluido el espacio aéreo; Estructuras intrínsecamente permanentes, incluido todo edificio residencial, comercial o industrial; Una unidad de condominio y sus instalaciones accesorias y elementos comunes, incluido el terreno; y Acciones de cooperativa de viviendas en sociedad anónima (como se define en la sección 216 del Código de Impuestos Internos). 2008 tax return   Una “persona encargada de comunicar transacciones de bienes raíces” puede ser el abogado del comprador, el abogado de usted, una compañía de escrituras de propiedad o de cuentas en depósito, un prestamista hipotecario, el agente corredor bursátil de usted, el agente corredor bursátil del comprador o la persona que adquiera la mayor participación en la propiedad. 2008 tax return   El Formulario 1099-S indicará las ganancias brutas de la venta o el intercambio en el recuadro 2. 2008 tax return Consulte las Instrucciones para el Formulario 8949 y las Instrucciones para el Anexo D (Formulario 1040) para saber cómo se declaran estas transacciones e incluirlas en la Parte I o Parte II del Formulario 8949, tal como le corresponda a su caso. 2008 tax return No obstante, declare los intercambios por bienes del mismo tipo en el Formulario 8824. 2008 tax return   Es ilegal que una persona encargada de comunicar transacciones de bienes raíces le cobre un cargo por separado por cumplir con el requisito de presentación del Formulario 1099-S. 2008 tax return Nominatarios. 2008 tax return   Si recibe ganancias brutas como nominatario (es decir, las ganancias brutas están a nombre suyo pero en realidad pertenecen a otra persona), vea las Instrucciones para el Formulario 8949, para saber cómo declarar estas cantidades en el Formulario 8949. 2008 tax return Presente el Formulario 1099-B o el Formulario 1099-S al IRS. 2008 tax return   Si recibió ganancias brutas en calidad de nominatario en 2013, tiene que presentar al IRS el Formulario 1099-B o el Formulario 1099-S correspondiente a dichas ganancias. 2008 tax return Envíe el Formulario 1099-B o el Formulario 1099-S junto con el Formulario 1096, Annual Summary and Transmittal of U. 2008 tax return S. 2008 tax return Information Returns (Resumen e informe anual de declaraciones informativas de los Estados Unidos), en inglés, al Centro de Servicio del Servicio de Impuestos Internos que le corresponda a más tardar el 28 de febrero de 2014 (31 de marzo de 2014, si presenta el Formulario 1099-B o el Formulario 1099-S por vía electrónica). 2008 tax return Entregue la Copia B del Formulario 1099-B o del Formulario 1099-S al verdadero dueño de dichas ganancias a más tardar el 18 de febrero de 2014. 2008 tax return En el Formulario 1099-B, usted debe constar como “Payer” (Pagador). 2008 tax return El otro dueño debe constar como “Recipient” (Destinatario). 2008 tax return En el Formulario 1099-S, usted debe constar como “Filer” (Declarante). 2008 tax return El otro dueño debe constar como “Transferor” (Cesionista). 2008 tax return No obstante, usted no tiene que presentar el Formulario 1099-B ni el Formulario 1099-S para mostrar las ganancias de su cónyuge. 2008 tax return Para más información acerca de los requisitos de presentación de ciertas declaraciones informativas y las multas por no presentar (o facilitar) dichas declaraciones, vea las General Instructions for Certain Information Returns (Instrucciones generales para determinadas declaraciones informativas), en inglés. 2008 tax return Si presenta la declaración electrónicamente, vea la Publicación 1220, en inglés. 2008 tax return Venta de bienes comprados en diferentes ocasiones. 2008 tax return   Si vende un paquete de acciones u otros bienes que haya comprado en diferentes ocasiones, declare la pérdida o ganancia a corto plazo procedente de la venta en una fila de la Parte I del Formulario 8949 y anote la pérdida o ganancia a largo plazo en una fila de la Parte II del Formulario 8949. 2008 tax return Escriba “Various” (Varios) en la columna (b) para la “Date acquired” (Fecha de adquisición). 2008 tax return Gastos de venta. 2008 tax return    En la columna (g) del Formulario 8949, incluya todo gasto de venta, como honorarios de agentes corredores bursátiles, comisiones, impuestos estatales y locales sobre traspasos y primas de opciones, a menos que usted haya declarado el precio neto de ventas en la columna (d). 2008 tax return Si usted incluyó un gasto de venta en la columna (g), anote “E” en la columna (f). 2008 tax return   Para más información sobre los ajustes a la base, vea el capítulo 13. 2008 tax return Ganancias y pérdidas a corto plazo. 2008 tax return   Las ganancias o pérdidas de capital sobre la venta o canje de bienes de inversión que haya tenido por 1 año o menos se consideran pérdidas o ganancias de capital a corto plazo. 2008 tax return Declárelas en la Parte I del Formulario 8949. 2008 tax return   Sume su parte de pérdidas o ganancias de capital a corto plazo provenientes de sociedades colectivas, sociedades anónimas de tipo S, caudales hereditarios y fideicomisos, además de toda pérdida de capital a corto plazo que se haya trasladado de un año anterior, con las demás ganancias y pérdidas de capital a corto plazo para calcular la pérdida o ganancia de capital neta a corto plazo en la línea 7 del Anexo D (Formulario 1040). 2008 tax return Ganancias y pérdidas a largo plazo. 2008 tax return    Una ganancia o pérdida de capital sobre la venta o canje de bienes de inversión que haya tenido durante más de 1 año se considera ganancia o pérdida de capital a largo plazo. 2008 tax return Declárela en la Parte II del Formulario 8949. 2008 tax return   Usted debe declarar lo siguiente en la Parte II del Anexo D (Formulario 1040): Ganancias de capital a largo plazo de un fondo mutuo (u otra sociedad inversionista reglamentada) o de una sociedad de inversión inmobiliaria (REIT, por sus siglas en inglés) que no hayan sido distribuidas; Su participación de las ganancias y pérdidas de capital a largo plazo de sociedades colectivas, sociedades anónimas de tipo S, caudales hereditarios y fideicomisos; Toda distribución de ganancia de capital proveniente de fondos mutuos y sociedades de inversión inmobiliaria (REIT) que no se haya declarado directamente en la línea 10 del Formulario 1040A o la línea 13 del Formulario 1040; y Pérdidas de capital a largo plazo trasladadas de un año anterior. 2008 tax return    El resultado que se dé después de sumar dichas cantidades con las demás ganancias de capital a largo plazo y restar las pérdidas de capital a largo plazo es la ganancia o pérdida de capital neta a largo plazo (línea 15 del Anexo D (Formulario 1040)). 2008 tax return Total de la ganancia o pérdida neta. 2008 tax return   Para calcular el total de la ganancia o pérdida neta, sume la ganancia o pérdida de capital neta a corto plazo (línea 7 del Anexo D (Formulario 1040)) con la pérdida o ganancia de capital neta a largo plazo (línea 15 del Anexo D (Formulario 1040)). 2008 tax return Anote el resultado en la línea 16 de la Parte III del Anexo D (Formulario 1040). 2008 tax return Si tiene pérdidas que sobrepasen las ganancias, vea Pérdidas de Capital , que se encuentra a continuación. 2008 tax return Si las líneas 15 y 16 del Anexo D (Formulario 1040) son ganancias y el ingreso sujeto a impuestos en su Formulario 1040 es mayor de cero, vea Tasas Impositivas sobre Ganancias de Capital , más adelante. 2008 tax return Pérdidas de Capital Si las pérdidas de capital son mayores que las ganancias de capital, se puede declarar una deducción por pérdida de capital. 2008 tax return Declare la cantidad de la deducción en la línea 13 del Formulario 1040, anotándola entre paréntesis. 2008 tax return Límite sobre la deducción. 2008 tax return   La deducción por ganancia de capital permisible, calculada en el Anexo D (Formulario 1040), es la cantidad que sea menor de las siguientes: $3,000 ($1,500 si es casado y presenta una declaración por separado) o El total de la pérdida neta tal como aparece en la línea 16 del Anexo D (Formulario 1040). 2008 tax return   Puede usar el total de la pérdida neta para reducir sus ingresos en una cantidad equivalente, hasta el límite de $3,000. 2008 tax return Traslado de pérdida de capital. 2008 tax return   Si el total de la pérdida neta en la línea 16 del Anexo D (Formulario 1040) sobrepasa el límite anual de las deducciones de pérdida de capital, puede trasladar al año siguiente la parte sobrante y tratarla como si hubiera incurrido en la misma durante ese próximo año. 2008 tax return Si una parte de la pérdida sigue sin usarse, puede trasladarla a años posteriores hasta que se agote. 2008 tax return   Cuando calcule una cantidad de pérdida de capital que se trasladará al año siguiente, tiene que tener en cuenta la deducción permisible del año en curso, la haya reclamado o no, e independientemente de si presentó o no una declaración correspondiente al año en curso. 2008 tax return   Cuando traslade una pérdida a un año posterior, ésta sigue siendo una pérdida a largo plazo o corto plazo. 2008 tax return Una pérdida de capital a largo plazo que usted traslade al año tributario siguiente reducirá las ganancias de capital a largo plazo de dicho año antes de reducir las ganancias de capital a corto plazo de dicho año. 2008 tax return Cálculo de la cantidad trasladada al año siguiente. 2008 tax return   La cantidad de la pérdida de capital a trasladarse al año siguiente es la cantidad de pérdida neta total que sea mayor que la cantidad menor entre: La deducción por pérdida de capital permisible durante el año o Sus ingresos sujetos a impuestos aumentados por la deducción por pérdida de capital permisible durante el año y la deducción por exenciones personales. 2008 tax return   Si las deducciones son mayores que sus ingresos brutos del año tributario, utilice los ingresos negativos sujetos a impuestos al calcular la cantidad en el punto (2). 2008 tax return    Complete la Capital Loss Carryover Worksheet (Hoja de trabajo para calcular la pérdida de capital a trasladarse a años posteriores) en las Instrucciones del Anexo D o la Publicación 550, en inglés, para calcular la parte de la pérdida de capital que se pueda trasladar. 2008 tax return Ejemplo. 2008 tax return Roberto y Gloria vendieron valores bursátiles en 2013. 2008 tax return Las ventas dieron por resultado una pérdida de capital de $7,000. 2008 tax return No hicieron otras transacciones de capital. 2008 tax return Sus ingresos sujetos a impuestos fueron $26,000. 2008 tax return En la declaración conjunta de 2013, pueden deducir $3,000. 2008 tax return La parte de la pérdida que no usaron, $4,000 ($7,000 − $3,000), se puede trasladar a 2014. 2008 tax return Si la pérdida de capital hubiera sido $2,000, la deducción por pérdida de capital también habría sido $2,000. 2008 tax return No tendrían cantidad alguna a trasladar al año siguiente. 2008 tax return Utilice primero las pérdidas a corto plazo. 2008 tax return   Cuando calcule la cantidad a trasladarse al año siguiente, utilice primero las pérdidas de capital a corto plazo, aunque haya incurrido en las mismas después de una pérdida de capital a largo plazo. 2008 tax return Si no ha alcanzado el límite de la deducción por pérdidas de capital después de haber utilizado las pérdidas de capital a corto plazo, utilice las pérdidas de capital a largo plazo hasta alcanzar el límite. 2008 tax return Pérdida de capital de un difunto. 2008 tax return    Una pérdida de capital sufrida por una persona en su último año tributario antes de fallecer (o que se haya traspasado de un año anterior a dicho año) se puede deducir sólo en la última declaración del impuesto sobre el ingreso personal que se presente a nombre del difunto. 2008 tax return Los límites de pérdida de capital explicados anteriormente aún corresponden en este caso. 2008 tax return El caudal hereditario (patrimonio) del difunto no puede deducir ninguna parte de la pérdida ni trasladarla a años posteriores. 2008 tax return Declaraciones conjuntas y separadas. 2008 tax return   Si antes usted y su cónyuge presentaban declaraciones por separado y ahora presentan una declaración conjunta, sume las cantidades de pérdida de capital que cada uno de ustedes haya trasladado a un año siguiente. 2008 tax return No obstante, si antes usted y su cónyuge presentaban una declaración conjunta y ahora presentan declaraciones por separado, toda pérdida de capital que se haya trasladado a un año siguiente se puede deducir sólo en la declaración del cónyuge que de hecho sufrió la pérdida. 2008 tax return Tasas Impositivas sobre Ganancias de Capital Las tasas impositivas correspondientes a una ganancia neta de capital suelen ser más bajas que las que corresponden a otros ingresos. 2008 tax return Estas tasas reducidas se conocen como las “tasas máximas de ganancias de capital”. 2008 tax return El término “ganancia neta de capital” designa la cantidad por la que la ganancia neta de capital a largo plazo del año supera la pérdida de capital neta a corto plazo. 2008 tax return Para el año 2013, las tasas máximas correspondientes a ganancias de capital son 0%, 15%, 20%, 25% y 28%. 2008 tax return Vea la Tabla 16-1, para obtener información detallada. 2008 tax return Si para calcular el impuesto utiliza las tasas máximas correspondientes a ganancias de capital y el cálculo normal de impuestos le resulta en unos impuestos más bajos, el cálculo normal de impuestos es el que le corresponde. 2008 tax return Ejemplo. 2008 tax return Su ganancia neta de capital proviene en su totalidad de la venta de artículos coleccionables, por lo tanto, la tasa correspondiente a la ganancia de capital es 28%. 2008 tax return Si de otro modo está sujeto a una tasa menor del 28%, la tasa del 28% no corresponde. 2008 tax return Deducción de los intereses de inversiones. 2008 tax return   Si declara una deducción de intereses de inversiones, tal vez tenga que reducir la cantidad de su ganancia neta de capital que reúna los requisitos para las tasas impositivas sobre ganancias de capital. 2008 tax return Réstele la cantidad de la ganancia neta de capital que opte por incluir en los ingresos de inversiones al calcular el límite de la deducción de los mismos. 2008 tax return Para hacer esto, se utiliza la Schedule D Tax Worksheet (Hoja de trabajo para los impuestos del Anexo D) en las Instrucciones para el Anexo D (Formulario 1040), en inglés, o la Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet (Hoja de trabajo para los impuestos sobre dividendos calificados y ganancias de capital), que se encuentra en las instrucciones por separado correspondientes a los Formularios 1040 y 1040A, en inglés. 2008 tax return Para más información acerca del límite de los intereses procedentes de inversiones, vea Interest Expenses (Gastos de intereses) en el capítulo 3 de la Publicación 550, en inglés. 2008 tax return Tabla 16-1. 2008 tax return ¿Cuál es la Tasa Máxima de Ganancias de Capital que le Corresponde? SI la ganancia neta de capital se deriva de . 2008 tax return . 2008 tax return . 2008 tax return ENTONCES la  tasa máxima de  ganancia de capital es . 2008 tax return . 2008 tax return . 2008 tax return una ganancia producto de artículos coleccionables 28% una ganancia, la cual reúne los requisitos, sobre acciones de pequeños negocios calificados menos la exclusión conforme a la sección 1202 28% una ganancia conforme a la sección 1250 no recuperada 25% otra ganancia1 y la tasa impositiva normal correspondiente es 39. 2008 tax return 6% 20% otra ganancia1 y la tasa impositiva normal correspondiente es 25%, 28%, 33% o 35% 15% otra ganancia1 y la tasa impositiva normal correspondiente es 10% o 15% 0% 1 El término “otra ganancia” significa toda ganancia que no sea una ganancia procedente de artículos coleccionables, ganancia sobre acciones de pequeños negocios calificados o una ganancia conforme a la sección 1250 no recuperada. 2008 tax return     Ganancia o pérdida procedente de artículos coleccionables. 2008 tax return   Ésta es una ganancia o pérdida que se deriva de la venta o canje de una obra de arte, alfombra, antigüedad, metal (como oro, plata y platino en barras), piedra preciosa, estampilla o sello, moneda o bebida alcohólica que haya tenido más de 1 año. 2008 tax return   Se considera que una ganancia procedente de artículos coleccionables abarca las ganancias resultantes de la venta de una participación en una sociedad colectiva, sociedad anónima de tipo S o fideicomiso, generadas por una plusvalía no realizada de dichos artículos coleccionables. 2008 tax return Ganancia sobre acciones de pequeños negocios calificados. 2008 tax return    Si obtuvo una ganancia de acciones de pequeños negocios calificados y fue dueño de dichas acciones durante más de 5 años, normalmente puede excluir de los ingresos una parte o la totalidad de su ganancia bajo la sección 1202. 2008 tax return La ganancia que cumple los requisitos, menos la exclusión conforme a la sección 1202, es una ganancia con una tasa de 28%. 2008 tax return Vea Gains on Qualified Small Business Stock (Ganancias de acciones de pequeños negocios calificados) en el capítulo 4 de la Publicación 550, en inglés. 2008 tax return Ganancia conforme a la sección 1250 no recuperada. 2008 tax return    Por lo general, ésta es toda parte de la ganancia de capital que se haya originado por la venta de bienes conforme a la sección 1250 (bienes raíces) debido a depreciación (pero no más que la ganancia neta conforme a la sección 1231) menos toda pérdida neta en el grupo del 28%. 2008 tax return Use la Unrecaptured Section 1250 Gain Worksheet (Hoja de trabajo de ganancias no recuperadas conforme a la sección 1250) de las Instrucciones del Anexo D (Formulario 1040), en inglés, para calcular la ganancia no recuperada conforme a la sección 1250. 2008 tax return Para más información sobre bienes conforme a la sección 1250 y ganancias conforme a la sección 1231, vea el capítulo 3 de la Publicación 544, en inglés. 2008 tax return Cálculo de los impuestos a base de las tasas máximas de ganancias de capital. 2008 tax return   Utilice la Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet (Hoja de trabajo para los impuestos sobre dividendos calificados y ganancias de capital) o la Schedule D Tax Worksheet (Hoja de trabajo para los impuestos del Anexo D), la que corresponda, para calcular su impuesto si ha recibido dividendos calificados o ganancia neta de capital. 2008 tax return Tiene ganancia neta de capital si las cantidades de las líneas 15 y 16 del Anexo D ambas son ganancias. 2008 tax return Hoja de trabajo para los impuestos del Anexo D. 2008 tax return   Utilice la Schedule D Tax Worksheet (Hoja de trabajo para los impuestos del Anexo D) que se encuentra en las Instrucciones del Anexo D (Formulario 1040) para calcular el impuesto si se dan las siguientes condiciones: Tiene que presentar el Anexo D (Formulario 1040) y La cantidad de la línea 18 (ganancia a una tasa de 28%) o la línea 19 (ganancia no recuperada conforme a la sección 1250) del Anexo D (Formulario 1040) es mayor de cero. 2008 tax return Hoja de trabajo para el impuesto sobre dividendos calificados y ganancias de capital. 2008 tax return   Utilice la Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet (Hoja de trabajo para el impuesto sobre los dividendos calificados y ganancias de capital) de las instrucciones del Formulario 1040 o Formulario 1040A (el que presente) para calcular el impuesto si no tiene que utilizar la Hoja de trabajo para los impuestos del Anexo D (como se explica anteriormente) y corresponde cualquiera de los siguientes puntos: Recibió dividendos calificados. 2008 tax return (Vea Dividendos Calificados en el capítulo 8). 2008 tax return No tiene que presentar el Anexo D (Formulario 1040) y recibió distribuciones de ganancias de capital. 2008 tax return (Vea Excepciones a la presentación del Formulario 8949 y el Anexo D (Formulario 1040) , anteriormente). 2008 tax return Las cantidades de las líneas 15 y 16 del Anexo D (Formulario 1040) son mayores de cero. 2008 tax return Impuesto mínimo alternativo. 2008 tax return   Estas tasas de ganancias de capital se utilizan también para calcular el impuesto mínimo alternativo. 2008 tax return Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The 2008 Tax Return

2008 tax return 2. 2008 tax return   Filing Requirements and Required Disclosures Table of Contents Introduction Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: Annual Information ReturnsSupporting Organization Annual Information Return Unrelated Business Income Tax ReturnEstimated tax. 2008 tax return Employment Tax ReturnsException. 2008 tax return FUTA tax exception. 2008 tax return FICA tax exemption election. 2008 tax return Revoking the election. 2008 tax return Definitions. 2008 tax return Effect on employees. 2008 tax return Political Organization Income Tax ReturnExempt function. 2008 tax return Political organization taxable income. 2008 tax return Separate fund. 2008 tax return Failure to file. 2008 tax return Failure to pay on time. 2008 tax return Reporting Requirements for a Political OrganizationForm 8871 Form 8872 Donee Information ReturnCharitable deduction property. 2008 tax return Publicly traded securities. 2008 tax return Exceptions. 2008 tax return Form 8283. 2008 tax return Information Provided to DonorsDisclosure of Quid Pro Quo Contributions Acknowledgment of Charitable Contributions of $250 or More Acknowledgment of Vehicle Contribution Qualified Intellectual Property Report of Cash Received Public Inspection of Exemption Applications, Annual Returns, and Political Organization Reporting FormsAnnual Information Return Public Inspection of Exemption Application Political Organization Reporting Forms Required DisclosuresSolicitation of Nondeductible Contributions Sales of Information or Services Available Free From Government Dues Used for Lobbying or Political Activities Prohibited Tax Shelter Transactions Miscellaneous RulesOrganizational Changes and Exempt Status Introduction Most exempt organizations (including private foundations) must file various returns and reports at some time during (or following the close of) their accounting period. 2008 tax return Topics - This chapter discusses: Annual information returns Unrelated business income tax return Employment tax returns Political organization income tax return Reporting requirements for a political organization Donee information return Information provided to donors Report of cash received Public inspection of exemption applications, annual returns, and political organizations reporting forms Required disclosures Miscellaneous rules Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 15 Circular E, Employer's Tax Guide 15-A Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide 15-B Employer's Tax Guide to Fringe Benefits 598 Tax on Unrelated Business Income of Exempt Organizations Form (and Instructions) 941 Employer's Quarterly Federal Tax Return 990 Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax 990-EZ Short Form Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax Schedule A (Form 990 or 990-EZ) Public Charity Status and Public Support Schedule B (Form 990, 990-EZ, or 990-PF) Schedule of Contributors Schedule C (Form 990 or 990-EZ) Political Campaign and Lobbying Activities Schedule D (Form 990) Supplemental Financial Statements Schedule E (Form 990 or 990-EZ) Schools Schedule F (Form 990) Statement of Activities Outside the United States Schedule G (Form 990 or 990-EZ) Supplemental Information Regarding Fundraising or Gaming Activities Schedule H (Form 990) Hospitals Schedule I (Form 990) Grants and Other Assistance to Organizations, Governments, and Individuals in the United States Schedule J (Form 990) Compensation Information Schedule K (Form 990) Supplemental Information on Tax-Exempt Bonds Schedule L (Form 990 or 990-EZ) Transactions With Interested Persons Schedule M (Form 990) Noncash Contributions Schedule N (Form 990 or 990-EZ) Liquidation, Termination, Dissolution, or Significant Disposition of Assets Schedule O (Form 990 or 990-EZ) Supplemental Information to Form 990 Schedule R (Form 990) Related Organizations and Unrelated Partnerships 990-PF Return of Private Foundation or Section 4947(a)(1) Nonexempt Charitable Trust Treated as a Private Foundation 990-BL Information and Initial Excise Tax Return for Black Lung Benefit Trusts and Certain Related Persons 990-T Exempt Organization Business Income Tax Return 990-W Estimated Tax on Unrelated Business Taxable Income for Tax-Exempt Organizations 1120-POL U. 2008 tax return S. 2008 tax return Income Tax Return for Certain Political Organizations 4720 Return of Certain Excise Taxes Under Chapters 41 and 42 of the Internal Revenue Code 5768 Election/Revocation of Election by an Eligible Section 501(c)(3) Organization To Make Expenditures To Influence Legislation 6069 Return of Excise Tax on Excess Contributions to Black Lung Benefit Trust Under Section 4953 and Computation of Section 192 Deduction 7004 Application for Automatic Extension of Time to File Certain Business Income Tax, Information, and Other Returns 8274 Certification by Churches and Qualified Church-Controlled Organizations Electing Exemption from Employer Social Security and Medicare Taxes 8282 Donee Information Return 8300 Report of Cash Payments Over $10,000 Received in a Trade or Business 8453-X Political Organization Declaration for Electronic Filing of Notice of Section 527 Status 8822-B Change of Address-Business 8868 Application for Extension of Time to File an Exempt Organization Return 8870 Information Return for Transfers Associated with Certain Personal Benefits Contracts 8871 Political Organization Notice of Section 527 Status 8872 Political Organization Report of Contributions and Expenditures 8886-T Disclosure by Tax-Exempt Entity Regarding Prohibited Tax Shelter Transaction 8899 Notice of Income from Donated Intellectual Property 8940 Request for Miscellaneous Determination See chapter 6 for information about getting these publications and forms. 2008 tax return Annual Information Returns Every organization exempt from federal income tax under section 501(a) must file an Annual Exempt Organization Return except: A church, an interchurch organization of local units of a church, a convention or association of churches, An integrated auxiliary of a church, A church-affiliated organization that is exclusively engaged in managing funds or maintaining retirement programs, A school below college level affiliated with a church or operated by a religious order, Church-affiliated mission societies if more than half of their activities are conducted in, or are directed at persons in, foreign countries, An exclusively religious activity of any religious order, A state institution, the income of which is excluded from gross income under section 115, A corporation described in section 501(c)(1) that is organized under an Act of Congress, an instrumentality of the United States, and is exempt from Federal income taxes, A stock bonus, pension, or profit-sharing trust that qualifies under section 401 (required to file Form 5500, Annual Return/Report of Employee Benefit Plan), A religious or apostolic organization described in section 501(d) (required to file Form 1065, U. 2008 tax return S. 2008 tax return Return of Partnership Income), A governmental unit or an affiliate of a governmental unit that meets the requirements of Revenue Procedure 95-48, 1995-2 C. 2008 tax return B. 2008 tax return 418, www. 2008 tax return irs. 2008 tax return gov/pub/irs-tege/rp1995-48. 2008 tax return pdf, A private foundation described in section 501(c)(3) and exempt under section 501(a) (required to file Form 990-PF, Return of Private Foundation), A political organization that is a state or local committee of a political party, a political committee of a state or local candidate, a caucus or association of state or local officials, or required to report under the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 as a political committee, An exempt organization (other than a private foundation) that normally has annual gross receipts of $50,000 or less, or A foreign organization, or an organization located in a U. 2008 tax return S. 2008 tax return possession, that normally has annual gross receipts from sources within the United States of $50,000 or less. 2008 tax return Supporting Organization Annual Information Return For tax years ending after August 17, 2006, all section 509(a)(3) supporting organizations are required to file Form 990 or 990-EZ with the IRS regardless of the organization's gross receipts, unless it qualifies as one of the following: An integrated auxiliary of a church; The exclusively religious activities of a religious order; or An organization, the gross receipts of which are normally not more than $5,000, that supports a section 509(a)(3) religious order. 2008 tax return If the organization is described in item (3) above, then it must submit Form 990-N (e-Postcard) unless it voluntarily files Form 990 or 990-EZ. 2008 tax return On its annual information return, at Part I, Schedule A (Form 990 or 990-EZ) a supporting organization must: List the section 509(a)(3) organizations to which it provides support, Indicate whether it is a Type I, Type II, or Type III supporting organization, and Certify that the organization is not controlled directly or indirectly by disqualified persons (other than by foundation managers and other than one or more publicly supported organizations). 2008 tax return Annual Electronic Filing Requirement for Small Tax-Exempt Organizations Small tax-exempt organizations with annual gross receipts normally $50,000 or less must submit Form 990-N, Electronic Notice (e-Postcard) for Tax-Exempt Organizations Not Required to File Form 990 or 990-EZ, with the IRS each year, if they choose not to file a Form 990 or 990-EZ. 2008 tax return Form 990-N requires the following information: The organization's legal name, and mailing address; Any name under which it operates and does business; Its Internet website address (if any); Its taxpayer identification number; The name and address of a principal officer; Organization's annual tax period; Verification that the organization's annual gross receipts are normally $50,000 or less; and Notification if the organization has terminated. 2008 tax return Form 990-N is due by the 15th day of the fifth month after the close of the tax year. 2008 tax return For tax years beginning after December 31, 2006, any organization that fails to meet its annual reporting requirement for 3 consecutive years will automatically lose its tax-exempt status. 2008 tax return To regain its exempt status an organization will have to reapply for recognition as a tax-exempt organization. 2008 tax return Exceptions. 2008 tax return   This filing requirement does not apply to: Churches, their integrated auxiliaries, and conventions or associations of churches; Organizations that are included in a group return; Private foundations required to file Form 990-PF; and Section 509(a)(3) supporting organizations required to file Form 990 or Form 990-EZ. 2008 tax return Forms 990 and 990-EZ Exempt organizations, other than private foundations, must file their annual information returns on Form 990 or 990-EZ, unless excepted from filing or allowed to submit Form 990-N, described earlier. 2008 tax return Generally, political organizations with gross receipts of $25,000 ($100,000 for a qualified state or local political organization (QSLPO)) or more for the tax year are required to file Form 990 or 990-EZ unless specifically excepted from filing the annual return. 2008 tax return The following political organizations are not required to file Form 990 or Form 990-EZ. 2008 tax return A state or local committee of a political party. 2008 tax return A political committee of a state or local candidate. 2008 tax return A caucus or association of state or local officials. 2008 tax return A political organization that is required to report as a political committee under the Federal Election Campaign Act. 2008 tax return A 501(c) organization that has expenditures for influencing or attempting to influence the selection, nomination, election, or appointment of any individual for a federal, state, or local public office. 2008 tax return Form 990-EZ. 2008 tax return   This is a shortened version of Form 990. 2008 tax return It is designed for use by small exempt organizations and nonexempt charitable trusts. 2008 tax return   Beginning in tax year 2010, an organization can file either Form 990 or 990-EZ if it meets the following: Its gross receipts during the year are less than $200,000. 2008 tax return Its total assets (line 25, column (B) of Form 990-EZ) at the end of the year are less than $500,000. 2008 tax return If your organization does not meet either of these conditions, you cannot file Form 990-EZ. 2008 tax return Instead you must file Form 990. 2008 tax return Group return. 2008 tax return   A group return on Form 990 may be filed by a central, parent, or like organization for two or more local organizations, none of which is a private foundation. 2008 tax return This return is in addition to the central organization's separate annual return if it must file a return. 2008 tax return It cannot be included in the group return. 2008 tax return See the instructions for Form 990 for the conditions under which this procedure may be used. 2008 tax return    In any year that an organization is properly included as a subordinate organization on a group return, it should not file its own Form 990. 2008 tax return Schedule A (Form 990 or 990-EZ). 2008 tax return   Organizations, other than private foundations, that are described in section 501(c)(3) and that are otherwise required to file Form 990 or 990-EZ must also complete Schedule A of that form. 2008 tax return Schedule B (Form 990, Form 990-EZ, or 990-PF). 2008 tax return   Organizations that file Form 990 or 990-EZ use this schedule to provide required information regarding their contributors. 2008 tax return Schedule O (Form 990). 2008 tax return   Organizations that file Form 990 must use this schedule to provide required additional information or if additional space is needed. 2008 tax return   Other schedules may be required to be filed with Form 990 or 990-EZ. 2008 tax return See the instructions for Form 990 or the instructions for Form 990-EZ for more information. 2008 tax return Report significant new or changed program services and changes to organizational documents. 2008 tax return    An organization should report new significant program services or significant changes in how it conducts program services, and significant changes to its organizational documents, on its Form 990 rather than in a letter to EO Determinations. 2008 tax return EO Determinations no longer issues letters confirming the tax-exempt status of organizations that report new services or significant changes, or changes to organizational documents. 2008 tax return See Miscellaneous Rules, Organization Changes and Exempt Status, later. 2008 tax return Form 990-PF All private foundations exempt under section 501(c)(3) must file Form 990-PF. 2008 tax return These organizations are discussed in chapter 3. 2008 tax return Electronic Filing You may be required to file Form 990, Form 990-EZ, or Form 990-PF, and related forms, schedules, and attachments electronically. 2008 tax return If an organization is required to file a return electronically but does not, the organization is considered to have not filed its return. 2008 tax return See Regulations section 301. 2008 tax return 6033-4 for more information. 2008 tax return The IRS may waive the requirement to file electronically in cases of undue hardship. 2008 tax return For information on filing a waiver, see Notice 2010-13, 2010-4 I. 2008 tax return R. 2008 tax return B. 2008 tax return 327, available at www. 2008 tax return irs. 2008 tax return gov/ir/2010-04_IRSB/ar14. 2008 tax return html. 2008 tax return Form 990. 2008 tax return   An organization is required to file Form 990 electronically if it files at least 250 returns during the calendar year and has total assets of $10 million or more at the end of the tax year. 2008 tax return Form 990-PF. 2008 tax return   An organization is required to file Form 990-PF electronically if it files at least 250 returns during the calendar year. 2008 tax return Due Date Forms 990, 990-EZ, or 990-PF must be filed by the 15th day of the fifth month after the end of your organization's accounting period. 2008 tax return Thus, for a calendar year taxpayer, Forms 990, 990-EZ, or 990-PF is due May 15 of the following year. 2008 tax return Extension of time to file. 2008 tax return   Use Form 8868 to request an automatic 3-month extension of time to file Forms 990, 990-EZ, or 990-PF and also to apply for an additional (not automatic) 3-month extension if needed. 2008 tax return   Do not apply for both the automatic 3-month extension and the additional 3-month extension at the same time. 2008 tax return For more information, see Form 8868 and its instructions. 2008 tax return   When filing Form 8868 for an automatic 3-month extension, neither a signature, nor an explanation is required. 2008 tax return However, when filing Form 8868 for an additional 3-month extension, both a signature and an explanation are required. 2008 tax return Application for exemption pending. 2008 tax return   An organization that claims to be exempt under section 501(a) but has not established its exempt status by the due date for filing an information return must complete and file Form 990, 990-EZ, 990–N or 990-PF (if it considers itself a private foundation), unless the organization is exempt from Form 990-series filing requirements. 2008 tax return If the organization's application is pending with the IRS, it must so indicate on Forms 990, 990-EZ, or 990-PF (whichever applies) by checking the application pending block at the top of page 1 of the return. 2008 tax return For more information on the filing requirements, see the Instructions for Forms 990, 990-EZ, and 990-PF. 2008 tax return State reporting requirements. 2008 tax return   Copies of Forms 990, 990-EZ, or 990-PF may be used to satisfy state reporting requirements. 2008 tax return See the instructions for those forms. 2008 tax return Form 8870. 2008 tax return   Organizations that filed a Form 990, 990-EZ, or 990-PF, and paid premiums or received transfers on certain life insurance, annuity, and endowment contracts (personal benefit contracts), must file Form 8870. 2008 tax return For more information, see Form 8870 and the instructions for that form. 2008 tax return Automatic Revocation If the organization fails to file a Form 990, 990-EZ, or 990-PF, or fails to submit a Form 990-N, as required, for 3 consecutive years, it will automatically lose its tax-exempt status by operation of law. 2008 tax return The list of organizations whose tax-exempt status has been automatically revoked is available on IRS. 2008 tax return gov. 2008 tax return This list (Auto-Revocation List) may be viewed and searched on Exempt Organizations Select Check. 2008 tax return The Auto-Revocation List includes each organization's name, Employer Identification Number (EIN) and last known address. 2008 tax return It also includes the effective date of the automatic revocation and the date it was posted to the list. 2008 tax return The IRS updates the list monthly to include additional organizations that lose their tax-exempt status. 2008 tax return Tax Effect of Loss of Tax-Exempt Status If your organization’s tax-exempt status is automatically revoked, you may be required to file one of the following federal income tax returns and pay any applicable income taxes: Form 1120, U. 2008 tax return S. 2008 tax return Corporation Income Tax Return, due by the 15th day of the 3rd month after the end of your organization’s tax year, or Form 1041, U. 2008 tax return S. 2008 tax return Income Tax Return for Estates and Trusts, due by the 15th day of the 4th month after the end of your organization’s tax year. 2008 tax return In addition, a section 501(c)(3) organization that loses its tax-exempt status cannot receive tax-deductible contributions and will not be identified in the IRS Business Master File extract as eligible to received tax-deductible contributions, or be included in Exempt Organizations Select Check (Pub 78 database). 2008 tax return An organization whose exemption was automatically revoked must apply for tax exemption in order to regain its tax exemption (even if it was not originally required to apply). 2008 tax return In some situations, an organization may be able to obtain exemption retroactive to its date of revocation. 2008 tax return For more information about automatic revocation, go to IRS. 2008 tax return gov and select Charities & Non-Profits and then select Revoked? Reinstated? Learn More. 2008 tax return Penalties Penalties for failure to file. 2008 tax return   Generally, an exempt organization that fails to file a required return must pay a penalty of $20 a day for each day the failure continues. 2008 tax return The same penalty will apply if the organization does not give all the information required on the return or does not give the correct information. 2008 tax return Maximum penalty. 2008 tax return   The maximum penalty for any one return is the smaller of $10,000 or 5% of the organization's gross receipts for the year. 2008 tax return Organization with gross receipts over $1 million. 2008 tax return   For an organization that has gross receipts of over $1 million for the year, the penalty is $100 a day up to a maximum of $50,000. 2008 tax return Managers. 2008 tax return   If the organization is subject to this penalty, the IRS may specify a date by which the return or correct information must be supplied by the organization. 2008 tax return Failure to comply with this demand will result in a penalty imposed upon the manager of the organization, or upon any other person responsible for filing a correct return. 2008 tax return The penalty is $10 a day for each day that a return is not filed after the period given for filing. 2008 tax return The maximum penalty imposed on all persons with respect to any one return is $5,000. 2008 tax return Exception for reasonable cause. 2008 tax return   No penalty will be imposed if reasonable cause for failure to file timely can be shown. 2008 tax return Unrelated Business Income Tax Return Even though your organization is recognized as tax exempt, it still may be liable for tax on its unrelated business income. 2008 tax return Unrelated business income is income from a trade or business, regularly carried on, that is not substantially related to the charitable, educational, or other purpose that is the basis for the organization's exemption. 2008 tax return If your organization has $1,000 or more of unrelated business income, you must file Form 990-T in addition to your required annual information return. 2008 tax return Estimated tax. 2008 tax return   Quarterly estimated tax payments are due if your organization expects to owe $500 or more in tax including unrelated business income. 2008 tax return Use Form 990-W to figure your organization's estimated tax payments. 2008 tax return Travel tour programs. 2008 tax return   Travel tour activities that are a trade or business are an unrelated trade or business if the activities are not substantially related to the purpose to which tax exemption was granted to the organization. 2008 tax return   Whether travel tour activities conducted by an organization are substantially related to the organization's tax exempt purpose is determined by looking at all the relevant facts and circumstances, including, but not limited to, how a travel tour is developed, promoted, and operated. 2008 tax return Example. 2008 tax return ABC, a university alumni association, is tax exempt as an educational organization under section 501(c)(3). 2008 tax return As part of its activities, ABC operates a travel tour program. 2008 tax return The program is open to all current members of ABC and their guests. 2008 tax return ABC works with travel agents to schedule approximately ten tours annually to various destinations around the world. 2008 tax return Members of ABC pay $1,000 to XYZ Travel Agency to participate in a tour. 2008 tax return XYZ pays ABC a per person fee for each participant. 2008 tax return Although the literature advertising the tours encourages ABC members to continue their lifelong learning by joining the tours, and a faculty member of ABC's related university frequently joins the tour as a guest of the alumni association, none of the tours include any scheduled instruction or curriculum related to the destinations being visited. 2008 tax return The travel tours made available to ABC's members do not contribute importantly to the accomplishment of ABC's educational purpose. 2008 tax return Rather, ABC's program is designed to generate revenues for ABC by regularly offering its members travel services. 2008 tax return Therefore, ABC's tour program is an unrelated trade or business. 2008 tax return For additional information on unrelated business income, see Publication 598 and the Instructions for Form 990-T. 2008 tax return Employment Tax Returns Every employer, including an organization exempt from federal income tax, who pays wages to employees is responsible for withholding, depositing, paying, and reporting federal income tax, social security and Medicare (FICA) taxes, and federal unemployment tax (FUTA), unless that employer is specifically excepted by law from those requirements, or if the taxes clearly do not apply. 2008 tax return For more information, obtain a copy of Publication 15, which summarizes the responsibilities of an employer, Publication 15-A, Publication 15-B, and Form 941. 2008 tax return Small Business Health Care Tax Credit. 2008 tax return   If your small tax-exempt organization provides health care coverage for your workers you may qualify for the small business health care tax credit. 2008 tax return Go to IRS. 2008 tax return gov and select Affordable Care Act Tax Provisions for more details. 2008 tax return See Small Business Health Care Tax Credit at www. 2008 tax return irs. 2008 tax return gov/newsroom/article/0,,id=223666,00. 2008 tax return html. 2008 tax return Expanded Work Opportunity Tax Credit Available for Hiring Qualified Veterans. 2008 tax return   The VOW to Hire Heroes Act of 2011 made changes to the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC). 2008 tax return The Act added two new categories to the existing qualified veteran targeted group and made the WOTC available to certain tax-exempt employers as a credit against the employer's share of social security tax. 2008 tax return The Act allows employers to claim the WOTC for veterans certified as qualified veterans and who begin work before January 1, 2013. 2008 tax return This tax credit was extended through December 31, 2013, under the American Taxpayer Relief Act, passed on January 1, 2013. 2008 tax return   The credit can be as high as $6,240 for qualified tax-exempt organizations. 2008 tax return The amount of the credit depends on a number of factors, including the length of the veteran’s unemployment before hire, the number of hours the veteran works, and the veteran’s first-year wages. 2008 tax return The amount of the credit for qualified tax-exempt organizations may not exceed the organization's employer social security tax for the period for which the credit is claimed. 2008 tax return   All employers must obtain certification that an individual is a member of the targeted group, before the employer may claim the credit. 2008 tax return The process for certifying veterans for this credit is the same for all employers. 2008 tax return For more information, see Form 8850, Pre-Screening Notice and Certification Request for the Work Opportunity Credit and the instructions to Form 8850. 2008 tax return Notice 2012-13, 2012-9 I. 2008 tax return R. 2008 tax return B. 2008 tax return 421, also provides additional guidance on submission Form 8850. 2008 tax return   Organizations described in section 501(c) and exempt from taxation under section 501(a) may claim the credit for qualified veterans who begin work on or after Nov. 2008 tax return 22, 2011, and before January 1, 2013. 2008 tax return After the required certification is secured, tax-exempt employers claim the credit against the employer social security tax by separately filing Form 5884-C, Work Opportunity Credit for Qualified Tax-Exempt Organizations Hiring Qualified Veterans, Form 5884-C. 2008 tax return File Form 5884-C after filing the related employment tax return for the employment tax period for which the credit is claimed. 2008 tax return It is recommended that qualified tax-exempt employers do not reduce their required deposits in anticipation of any credit as the forms are processed separately. 2008 tax return In addition to Form 5884-C and its instructions, tax-exempt employers should see Notice 2012-13 and the Frequently Asked Questions & Answers for more details for claiming the credit. 2008 tax return Trust fund recovery penalty. 2008 tax return   If any person required to collect, truthfully account for, and pay over any of these taxes willfully fails to satisfy any of these requirements or willfully tries in any way to evade or defeat any of them, that person will be subject to a penalty. 2008 tax return The penalty is equal to the tax evaded, not collected, or not accounted for and paid over. 2008 tax return The term person includes: An officer or employee of a corporation, or A member or employee of a partnership. 2008 tax return Exception. 2008 tax return   The penalty is not imposed on any unpaid volunteer director or member of a board of trustees of an exempt organization if the unpaid volunteer serves solely in an honorary capacity, does not participate in the day-to-day or financial operations of the organization, and does not have actual knowledge of the failure on which the penalty is imposed. 2008 tax return   This exception does not apply if it results in no one being liable for the penalty. 2008 tax return FICA and FUTA tax exceptions. 2008 tax return   Payments for services performed by a minister of a church in the exercise of the ministry, or a member of a religious order performing duties required by the order, are generally not subject to FICA or FUTA taxes. 2008 tax return FUTA tax exception. 2008 tax return   Payments for services performed by an employee of a religious, charitable, educational, or other organization described in section 501(c)(3) that are generally subject to FICA taxes if the payments are $100 or more for the year, are not subject to FUTA taxes. 2008 tax return FICA tax exemption election. 2008 tax return   Churches and qualified church-controlled organizations can elect exemption from employer FICA taxes by filing Form 8274. 2008 tax return   To elect the exemption, Form 8274 must be filed before the first date on which a quarterly employment tax return would otherwise be due from the electing organization. 2008 tax return The organization can make the election only if it is opposed for religious reasons to the payment of FICA taxes. 2008 tax return   The election applies to payments for services of current and future employees other than services performed in an unrelated trade or business. 2008 tax return Revoking the election. 2008 tax return   The election can be revoked by the IRS if the organization fails to file Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, for 2 years and fails to furnish certain information upon request by the IRS. 2008 tax return Such revocation will apply retroactively to the beginning of the 2-year period. 2008 tax return Definitions. 2008 tax return   For purposes of this election, the term church means a church, a convention or association of churches, or an elementary or secondary school that is controlled, operated, or principally supported by a church or by a convention or association of churches. 2008 tax return   The term qualified church-controlled organization means any church-controlled section 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization, other than an organization that both: Offers goods, services, or facilities for sale, other than on an incidental basis, to the general public at other than a nominal charge that is substantially less than the cost of providing such goods, services, or facilities, and Normally receives more than 25% of its support from the sum of governmental sources and receipts from admissions, sales of merchandise, performance of services, or furnishing of facilities, in activities that are not unrelated trades or businesses. 2008 tax return Effect on employees. 2008 tax return   If a church or qualified church-controlled organization has made an election, payment for services performed for that church or organization, other than in an unrelated trade or business, will not be subject to FICA taxes. 2008 tax return However, the employee, unless otherwise exempt, will be subject to self-employment tax on the income. 2008 tax return The tax applies to income of $108. 2008 tax return 28 or more for the tax year from that church or organization, and no deductions for trade or business expenses are allowed against this self-employment income. 2008 tax return   Schedule SE (Form 1040), Self-Employment Tax, should be attached to the employee's income tax return. 2008 tax return Political Organization Income Tax Return Generally, a political organization is treated as an organization exempt from tax. 2008 tax return Certain political organizations, however, must file an annual income tax return, Form 1120-POL, U. 2008 tax return S. 2008 tax return Income Tax Return for Certain Political Organizations, for any year they have political organization taxable income in excess of the $100 specific deduction allowed under section 527. 2008 tax return A political organization that has $25,000 ($100,000 for a qualified state or local political organization) or more in gross receipts for the tax year must file Form 990 or Form 990-EZ (and Schedule B of the form), unless excepted. 2008 tax return See Forms 990 and 990-EZ , earlier. 2008 tax return Political organization. 2008 tax return   A political organization is a party, committee, association, fund, or other organization (whether or not incorporated) organized and operated primarily for the purpose of directly or indirectly accepting contributions or making expenditures, or both, for an exempt function. 2008 tax return Exempt function. 2008 tax return   An exempt function means influencing or attempting to influence the selection, nomination, election, or appointment of any individual to any federal, state, local public office or office in a political organization, or the election of the Presidential or Vice Presidential electors, whether or not such individual or electors are selected, nominated, elected, or appointed. 2008 tax return It also includes certain office expenses of a holder of public office or an office in a political organization. 2008 tax return Certain political organizations are required to notify the IRS that they are section 527 organizations. 2008 tax return These organizations must use Form 8871. 2008 tax return Some of these section 527 organizations must use Form 8872 to file periodic reports with the IRS disclosing their contributions and expenditures. 2008 tax return For a discussion on these forms, see Reporting Requirements for a Political Organization, later. 2008 tax return Political organization taxable income. 2008 tax return   Political organization taxable income is the excess of: Gross income for the tax year (excluding exempt function income) minus Deductions directly connected with the earning of gross income. 2008 tax return To figure taxable income, allow for a $100 specific deduction, but do not allow for the net operating loss deduction, the dividends-received deduction, and other special deductions for corporations. 2008 tax return Exempt organization not a political organization. 2008 tax return   An organization exempt under section 501(c) that spends any amount for an exempt function must file Form 1120-POL for any year which it has political taxable income. 2008 tax return These organizations must include in gross income the lesser of: The total amount of its exempt function expenditures, or The organization's net investment income. 2008 tax return Separate fund. 2008 tax return   A section 501(c) organization can set up a separate segregated fund that will be treated as an independent political organization. 2008 tax return The earnings and expenditures made by the separate fund will not be attributed to the section 501(c) organization. 2008 tax return Section 501(c)(3) organizations are precluded from, and may suffer loss of exemption for, engaging in any political campaign on behalf of, or in opposition to, any candidate for public office. 2008 tax return Due date. 2008 tax return   Form 1120-POL is due by the 15th day of the 3rd month after the end of the tax year. 2008 tax return Thus, for a calendar year taxpayer, Form 1120-POL is due on March 15 of the following year. 2008 tax return If any due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the organization can file the return on the next business day. 2008 tax return    Form 1120-POL is not required of an exempt organization that makes expenditures for political purposes if its gross income does not exceed its directly connected deductions by more than $100 for the tax year. 2008 tax return Extension of time to file. 2008 tax return    Use Form 7004 to request an automatic 6-month extension of time to file Form 1120-POL. 2008 tax return The extension will be granted if you complete Form 7004 properly, make a proper estimate of the tax (if applicable), file Form 1120-POL by the due date, and pay any tax due. 2008 tax return Failure to file. 2008 tax return   A political organization that fails to file Form 1120-POL is subject to a penalty equal to 5% of the tax due for each month (or partial month) the return is late up to a maximum of 25% of the tax due, unless the organization shows the failure was due to reasonable cause. 2008 tax return For more information about filing Form 1120-POL, refer to the instructions accompanying the form. 2008 tax return Failure to pay on time. 2008 tax return   An organization that does not pay the tax when due generally may have to pay a penalty of 1/2 of 1% of the unpaid tax for each month or part of a month the tax is not paid, up to a maximum of 25% of the unpaid tax. 2008 tax return The penalty will not be imposed if the organization can show that the failure to pay on time was due to reasonable cause. 2008 tax return Reporting Requirements for a Political Organization Certain political organizations are required to notify the IRS that the organization is to be treated as a section 527 political organization. 2008 tax return The organization is also required to periodically report certain contributions received and expenditures made by the organization. 2008 tax return To notify the IRS of section 527 treatment, an organization must file Form 8871. 2008 tax return To report contributions and expenditures, certain tax-exempt political organizations must file Form 8872. 2008 tax return Form 8871 A political organization must electronically file Form 8871 to notify the IRS that it is to be treated as a section 527 organization. 2008 tax return However, an organization is not required to file Form 8871 if: It reasonably expects its annual gross receipts to always be less than $25,000. 2008 tax return It is a political committee required to report under the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (FECA) (2 U. 2008 tax return S. 2008 tax return C. 2008 tax return 431(4)). 2008 tax return It is a state or local candidate committee. 2008 tax return It is a state or local committee of a political party. 2008 tax return It is a section 501(c) organization that has made an “exempt function expenditure. 2008 tax return ” All other political organizations are required to file Form 8871. 2008 tax return An organization must provide on Form 8871: Its name and address (including any business address, if different) and its electronic mailing address; Its purpose; The names and addresses of its officers, highly compensated employees, contact person, custodian of records, and members of its board of directors; The name and address of, and relationship to, any related entities (within the meaning of section 168(h)(4)); and Whether it intends to claim an exemption from filing Form 8872, Form 990, or Form 990-EZ. 2008 tax return Employer identification number. 2008 tax return   If your organization needs an EIN, you can apply for one: Online—Click on the Employer ID Numbers (EINs) link at www. 2008 tax return IRS. 2008 tax return gov/businesses/small. 2008 tax return By telephone at 1-800-829-4933 from 7:00 a. 2008 tax return m. 2008 tax return to 10:00 p. 2008 tax return m. 2008 tax return in the organization's local time zone. 2008 tax return By mailing or faxing Form SS-4. 2008 tax return   If you previously applied for an EIN and have not yet received it, or you are unsure whether you have an EIN, please call our toll-free customer account services number, 1-877-829-5500, for assistance. 2008 tax return Due dates. 2008 tax return   The initial Form 8871 must be filed within 24 hours of the date on which the organization was established. 2008 tax return If there is a material change, an amended Form 8871 must be filed within 30 days of the material change. 2008 tax return When the organization terminates its existence, it must file a final Form 8871 within 30 days of termination. 2008 tax return   If the due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the organization can file on the next business day. 2008 tax return How to file. 2008 tax return   An organization must file Form 8871 electronically via the IRS Internet website at www. 2008 tax return IRS. 2008 tax return gov/polorgs (Keyword: political orgs). 2008 tax return Form 8453-X, Political Organization Declaration for Electronic Filing of Notice of Section 527 Status. 2008 tax return   After electronically submitting Form 8871, the political organization must print, sign, and mail Form 8453-X to the IRS. 2008 tax return Upon receipt of the Form 8453-X, the IRS will send the organization a username and password that must be used to file an amended or final Form 8871 or to electronically file Form 8872. 2008 tax return Penalties Failure to file. 2008 tax return   An organization that is required to file Form 8871, but fails to do so on a timely basis, will not be treated as a tax-exempt section 527 organization for any period before the date Form 8871 is filed. 2008 tax return Also, the taxable income of the organization for that period will include its exempt function income (including contributions received, membership dues, and political fundraising receipts) minus any deductions directly connected with the production of that income. 2008 tax return   Failure to file an amended Form 8871 will cause the organization not to be treated as a tax-exempt section 527 organization. 2008 tax return If an organization is treated as not being a tax-exempt section 527 organization, the taxable income of the organization will be determined by considering any exempt function income and deductions during the period beginning on the date of the material change and ending on the date that the amended Form 8871 is filed. 2008 tax return    The tax is computed by multiplying the organization's taxable income by the highest corporate tax rate. 2008 tax return Fraudulent returns. 2008 tax return   Any individual or corporation that willfully delivers or discloses to the IRS any list, return, account, statement or other document known to be fraudulent or false as to any material matter will be fined not more than $10,000 ($50,000 in the case of a corporation) or imprisoned for not more than 1 year or both. 2008 tax return Waiver of penalties. 2008 tax return   The IRS may waive any additional tax assessed on an organization for failure to file Form 8871 if the failure was due to reasonable cause and not willful neglect. 2008 tax return Additional information. 2008 tax return   For more information on Form 8871, see the form and its instructions. 2008 tax return For a discussion on the public inspection requirements for the form, see Public Inspection of Exemption Applications, Annual Returns, and Political Organization Reporting Forms , later. 2008 tax return Form 8872 Every tax-exempt section 527 political organization that accepts a contribution or makes an expenditure, for an exempt function during the calendar year, must file Form 8872 except: A political organization that is not required to file Form 8871 (discussed earlier). 2008 tax return A political organization that is subject to tax on its income because it did not file or amend Form 8871. 2008 tax return A qualified state or local political organization (QSLPO), discussed below. 2008 tax return All other tax-exempt section 527 organizations that accept contributions or make expenditures for an exempt function are required to file Form 8872. 2008 tax return Qualified state or local political organization. 2008 tax return   A state or local political organization may be a QSLPO if: All of its political activities relate solely to state or local public office (or office in a state or local political organization). 2008 tax return It is subject to a state law that requires it to report (and it does report) to a state agency information about contributions and expenditures that is similar to the information that the organization would otherwise be required to report to the IRS. 2008 tax return The state agency and the organization make the reports publicly available. 2008 tax return No federal candidate or office holder: Controls or materially participates in the direction of the organization, Solicits contributions for the organization, or Directs the disbursements of the organization. 2008 tax return Information required on Form 8872. 2008 tax return   If an organization pays an individual $500 or more for the calendar year, the organization is required to disclose the individual's name, address, occupation, employer, amount of the expense, the date the expense was paid, and the purpose of the expense on Form 8872. 2008 tax return   If an organization receives contributions of $200 or more from one contributor for the calendar year, the organization must disclose the donor's name, address, occupation, employer, and the date the contributions were made. 2008 tax return   For additional information that is required, see Form 8872. 2008 tax return Due dates. 2008 tax return   The due dates for filing Form 8872 vary depending on whether the form is due for a reporting period that occurs during a calendar year in which a regularly scheduled election is held, or any other calendar year (a nonelection year). 2008 tax return   If the due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the organization can file on the next business day. 2008 tax return Election year filing. 2008 tax return    In election years, Form 8872 must be filed on either a quarterly or a monthly basis. 2008 tax return Both a pre-election report and a post-election report are also required to be filed in an election year. 2008 tax return An election year is any year in which a regularly scheduled general election for federal office is held (an even-numbered year). 2008 tax return Nonelection year filing. 2008 tax return    In nonelection years, the form must be filed on a semiannual or monthly basis. 2008 tax return A complete listing of these filing periods are in the Form 8872 Instructions. 2008 tax return A nonelection year is any odd-numbered year. 2008 tax return How to file. 2008 tax return   Form 8872 can be filed either electronically or by mail. 2008 tax return However, organizations that have, or expect to have, contributions or expenditures of $50,000 or more for the year must file electronically. 2008 tax return    To file by mail, send Form 8872 to the:   Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service Center Ogden, UT 84201-0027 Electronic filing. 2008 tax return   File electronically via the IRS internet website at www. 2008 tax return IRS. 2008 tax return gov/polorgs. 2008 tax return You will need a user ID and password to electronically file Form 8872. 2008 tax return Organizations that have completed the electronic filing of Form 8871 and submitted a completed and signed Form 8453-X will receive a username and password in the mail. 2008 tax return   Organizations that have completed the electronic filing of Form 8871, but have not received their user ID and password can request one by writing to the following address: Internal Revenue Service Attn: Request for 8872 Password Mail Stop 6273 Ogden, UT 84201 Lost username and password. 2008 tax return   If you have forgotten or misplaced the username and password issued to your organization after you filed your initial Form 8871, send a letter requesting a new username and password to the address under Electronic filing. 2008 tax return You can also fax your request to (801) 620-3249. 2008 tax return It may take 3-6 weeks for your new username and password to arrive, as they will be mailed to the organization. 2008 tax return Penalty A penalty will be imposed if the organization is required to file Form 8872 and it: Fails to file the form by the due date, or Files the form but fails to report all of the information required or reports incorrect information. 2008 tax return The penalty is 35% of the total amount of contributions and expenditures to which a failure relates. 2008 tax return Fraudulent returns. 2008 tax return   Any individual or corporation that willfully delivers or discloses any list, return, account, statement, or other document known to be fraudulent or false as to any material matter will be fined not more than $10,000 ($50,000 in the case of a corporation), or imprisoned for not more than 1 year, or both. 2008 tax return Waiver of penalties. 2008 tax return   The IRS may waive any additional tax assessed on an organization for failure to file Form 8872 if the failure was due to reasonable cause and not willful neglect. 2008 tax return Donee Information Return Dispositions of donated property. 2008 tax return   If an organization receives charitable deduction property and within three years sells, exchanges, or otherwise disposes of the property, the organization must file Form 8282, Donee Information Return. 2008 tax return However, an organization is not required to file Form 8282 if: The property is valued at $500 or less, or The property is consumed or distributed for charitable purposes. 2008 tax return   Form 8282 must be filed with the IRS within 125 days after the disposition. 2008 tax return Additionally, a copy of Form 8282 must be given to the donor. 2008 tax return If the organization fails to file the required information return, penalties may apply. 2008 tax return Charitable deduction property. 2008 tax return   This is any property (other than money or publicly traded securities) for which the donee organization signed an appraisal summary or Form 8283, Noncash Charitable Contributions. 2008 tax return Publicly traded securities. 2008 tax return   These are securities for which market quotations are readily available on an established securities market as of the date of the contribution. 2008 tax return Appraisal summary. 2008 tax return   If the value of the donated property exceeds $5,000, the donor must get a qualified appraisal for contributions of property, see the Exceptions. 2008 tax return below. 2008 tax return Exceptions. 2008 tax return   A written appraisal is not needed if the property is: Nonpublicly traded stock of $10,000 or less, A vehicle (including a car, boat, or airplane), if your deduction for the vehicle is limited to the gross proceeds from its sale, Intellectual property, Certain securities considered to have market quotations readily available (see Regulations section 1. 2008 tax return 170A-13(c)(7)(xi)(B)), Inventory and other property donated by a corporation that are qualified contributions for the care of the ill, the needy, or infants, within the meaning of section 170(e)(3)(A), or Any donation of stock in trade, inventory, or property held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of your trade or business. 2008 tax return   The donee organization is not a qualified appraiser for the purpose of valuing the donated property. 2008 tax return For more information, get Publication 561, Determining the Value of Donated Property. 2008 tax return Form 8283. 2008 tax return   For noncash donations over $5,000, the donor must attach Form 8283 to the tax return to support the charitable deduction. 2008 tax return The donee must sign Part IV of Section B, Form 8283 unless publicly traded securities are donated. 2008 tax return The person who signs for the donee must be an official authorized to sign the donee's tax or information returns, or a person specifically authorized to sign by that official. 2008 tax return The signature does not represent concurrence in the appraised value of the contributed property. 2008 tax return A signed acknowledgment represents receipt of the property described on Form 8283 on the date specified on the form. 2008 tax return The signature also indicates knowledge of the information reporting requirements on dispositions, as previously discussed. 2008 tax return A copy of Form 8283 must be given to the donee. 2008 tax return Information Provided to Donors In some situations, a donor must obtain certain information from a donee organization to obtain a deduction for a charitable contribution. 2008 tax return In other situations, the donee organization is required to provide information to the donor. 2008 tax return A charitable organization must give a donor a disclosure statement for a quid pro quo contribution over $75. 2008 tax return (See Disclosure statement. 2008 tax return later. 2008 tax return ) This is a payment a donor makes to a charity partly as a contribution and partly for goods or services. 2008 tax return See Quid pro quo contribution below for an example. 2008 tax return Failure to make the required disclosure may result in a penalty to the organization. 2008 tax return A donor cannot deduct a charitable contribution of $250 or more unless the donor has a written acknowledgment from the charitable organization. 2008 tax return In certain circumstances, an organization may be able to meet both of these requirements with the same written document. 2008 tax return Disclosure of Quid Pro Quo Contributions A charitable organization must provide a written disclosure statement to donors of a quid pro quo contribution over $75. 2008 tax return Quid pro quo contribution. 2008 tax return   A contribution made by a donor in exchange for goods or services is known as a quid pro quo contribution. 2008 tax return Your charitable organization must provide the donor a written statement informing the donor of the fair market value of the items or services it provided in exchange for the contribution. 2008 tax return Generally, a written statement is required for each payment, whenever the contribution portion is over $75. 2008 tax return Example. 2008 tax return If a donor gives your charity $100 and receives a concert ticket valued at $40, the donor has made a quid pro quo contribution. 2008 tax return In this example, the charitable part of the payment is $60. 2008 tax return Even though the deductible part of the payment is not more than $75, a written statement must be filed because the total payment is more than $75. 2008 tax return If your organization fails to disclose quid pro quo contributions, the organization may be subject to a penalty. 2008 tax return Disclosure statement. 2008 tax return   The required written disclosure statement must: Inform the donor that the amount of the contribution that is deductible for federal income tax purposes is limited to the excess of any money (and the value of any property other than money) contributed by the donor over the fair market value of goods or services provided by the charity, and Provide the donor with a good faith estimate of the fair market value of the goods or services that the donor received. 2008 tax return The charity must furnish the statement in connection with either the solicitation or the receipt of the quid pro quo contribution. 2008 tax return If the disclosure statement is furnished in connection with a particular solicitation, it is not necessary for the organization to provide another statement when it actually receives the contribution. 2008 tax return   No disclosure statement is required if any of the following are true. 2008 tax return The goods or services given to a donor have insubstantial value as described in Revenue Procedure 90-12, 1990-1 C. 2008 tax return B. 2008 tax return 471, Revenue Procedure 90-12, and Revenue Procedure 92-49, 1992-1 C. 2008 tax return B. 2008 tax return 507 (as adjusted for inflation), Revenue Procedure 92-49. 2008 tax return There is no donative element involved in a particular transaction with a charity (for example, there is generally no donative element involved in a visitor's purchase from a museum gift shop). 2008 tax return There is only an intangible religious benefit provided to the donor. 2008 tax return The intangible religious benefit must be provided to the donor by an organization organized exclusively for religious purposes, and must be of a type that generally is not sold in a commercial transaction outside the donative context. 2008 tax return For example, a donor who, for a payment, is granted admission to a religious ceremony for which there is no admission charge is provided an intangible religious benefit. 2008 tax return A donor is not provided intangible religious benefits for payments made for tuition for education leading to a recognized degree, travel services, or consumer goods. 2008 tax return The donor makes a payment of $75 or less per year and receives only annual membership benefits that consist of: Any rights or privileges (other than the right to purchase tickets for college athletic events) that the taxpayer can exercise often during the membership period, such as free or discounted admissions or parking or preferred access to goods or services, or Admission to events that are open only to members and the cost per person of which is within the limits for low-cost articles described in Revenue Procedure 90-12 (as adjusted for inflation), Revenue Procedure 90-12. 2008 tax return Good faith estimate of fair market value (FMV). 2008 tax return   An organization can use any reasonable method to estimate the FMV of goods or services it provided to a donor, as long as it applies the method in good faith. 2008 tax return   The organization can estimate the FMV of goods or services that generally are not commercially available by using the FMV of similar or comparable goods or services. 2008 tax return Goods or services may be similar or comparable even if they do not have the unique qualities of the goods or services being valued. 2008 tax return Example 1. 2008 tax return A charity provides a 1-hour tennis lesson with a tennis professional for the first $500 payment it receives. 2008 tax return The tennis professional provides 1-hour lessons on a commercial basis for $100. 2008 tax return A good faith estimate of the lesson's FMV is $100. 2008 tax return Example 2. 2008 tax return For a payment of $50,000, a museum allows a donor to hold a private event in a room of the museum. 2008 tax return A good faith estimate of the FMV of the right to hold the event in the museum can be made by using the cost of renting a hotel ballroom with a capacity, amenities, and atmosphere comparable to the museum room, even though the hotel ballroom lacks the unique art displayed in the museum room. 2008 tax return If the hotel ballroom rents for $2,500, a good faith estimate of the FMV of the right to hold the event in the museum is $2,500. 2008 tax return Example 3. 2008 tax return For a payment of $1,000, a charity provides an evening tour of a museum conducted by a well-known artist. 2008 tax return The artist does not provide tours on a commercial basis. 2008 tax return Tours of the museum normally are free to the public. 2008 tax return A good faith estimate of the FMV of the evening museum tour is $0 even though it is conducted by the artist. 2008 tax return Penalty for failure to disclose. 2008 tax return   A penalty is imposed on a charity that does not make the required disclosure of a quid pro quo contribution of more than $75. 2008 tax return The penalty is $10 per contribution, not to exceed $5,000 per fundraising event or mailing. 2008 tax return The charity can avoid the penalty if it can show that the failure was due to reasonable cause. 2008 tax return Acknowledgment of Charitable Contributions of $250 or More A donor can deduct a charitable contribution of $250 or more only if the donor has a written acknowledgment from the charitable organization. 2008 tax return The donor must get the acknowledgment by the earlier of: The date the donor files the original return for the year the contribution is made, or The due date, including extensions, for filing the return. 2008 tax return The donor is responsible for requesting and obtaining the written acknowledgment from the donee. 2008 tax return A charitable organization that receives a payment made as a contribution is treated as the donee organization for this purpose even if the organization (according to the donor's instructions or otherwise) distributes the amount received to one or more charities. 2008 tax return Quid pro quo contribution. 2008 tax return   If the donee provides goods or services to the donor in exchange for the contribution (a quid pro quo contribution), the acknowledgment must include a good faith estimate of the value of the goods or services. 2008 tax return See Disclosure of Quid Pro Quo Contributions earlier. 2008 tax return Form of acknowledgment. 2008 tax return   Although there is no prescribed format for the written acknowledgment, it must provide enough information to substantiate the amount of the contribution. 2008 tax return For more information, see IRS Publication 1771, Charitable Contributions – Substantiation and Disclosure Requirements. 2008 tax return Cash contributions. 2008 tax return   To deduct a contribution of cash, a check, or other monetary gift (regardless of the amount), a donor must maintain a bank record or a written communication from the donee organization showing the donee's name, date, and amount of the contribution. 2008 tax return In the case of a lump-sum contribution (rather than a contribution by payroll deduction) made through the Combined Federal Campaign or a similar program such as a United Way Campaign, the written communication must include the name of the donee organization that is the ultimate recipient of the charitable contribution. 2008 tax return Contributions by payroll deduction. 2008 tax return   An organization may substantiate an employee's contribution by deduction from its payroll by: A pay stub, Form W-2, or other document showing a contribution to a donee organization, together with A pledge card or other document from the donee organization that shows its name. 2008 tax return   For contributions of $250 or more, the document must state that the donee organization provides no goods or services for any payroll contributions. 2008 tax return The amount withheld from each payment of wages to a taxpayer is treated as a separate contribution. 2008 tax return Acknowledgment of Vehicle Contribution If an exempt organization receives a contribution of a qualified vehicle with a claimed value of more than $500, the donee organization is required to provide a contemporaneous written acknowledgment to the donor. 2008 tax return The donee organization can use a completed Form 1098-C, Contributions of Motor Vehicles, Boats, and Airplanes, for the contemporaneous written acknowledgment. 2008 tax return See section 3. 2008 tax return 03 of Notice 2005-44 for guidance on the information that must be included in a contemporaneous written acknowledgment and the deadline for furnishing the acknowledgment to the donor. 2008 tax return Any donee organization that provides a contemporaneous written acknowledgment to a donor is required to report to the IRS the information contained in the acknowledgment. 2008 tax return The report is due by February 28 (March 31 if filing electronically) of the year following the year in which the donee organization provides the acknowledgment to the donor. 2008 tax return The organization must file the report on Copy A of Form 1098-C. 2008 tax return An organization that files Form 1098-C on paper should send it with Form 1096, Annual Summary and Transmittal of U. 2008 tax return S. 2008 tax return Information Returns. 2008 tax return See the Instructions for Form 1096 for the correct filing location. 2008 tax return An organization that is required to file 250 or more Forms 1098-C during the calendar year must file the forms electronically or magnetically. 2008 tax return Specifications for filing Form 1098-C electronically or magnetically can be found in Publication 1220, Specifications for Filing Forms 1097, 1098, 1099, 3921, 3922, 5498, 8935, and W-2G Electronically at www. 2008 tax return IRS. 2008 tax return gov/pub/irs-pdf/p1220. 2008 tax return pdf. 2008 tax return Acknowledgment For a contribution of a qualified vehicle with a claimed value of $500 or less, do not file Form 1098-C. 2008 tax return However, you can use it as the contemporaneous written acknowledgment under section 170(f)(8) by providing the donor with Copy C only. 2008 tax return See the Instructions for Form 1098-C. 2008 tax return Generally, the organization should complete Form 1098-C as the written acknowledgment to the donor and the IRS. 2008 tax return The contents of the acknowledgment depend upon whether the organization: Sells a qualified vehicle without any significant intervening use or material improvement, Intends to make a significant intervening use of or material improvement to a qualified vehicle prior to sale, or Sells a qualified vehicle to a needy individual at a price significantly below fair market value, or a gratuitous transfer to a needy individual in direct furtherance of a charitable purpose of the organization of relieving the poor and distressed or the underprivileged who are in need of a means of transportation. 2008 tax return For more information on the acknowledgment, see Notice 2005-44, 2005-25 I. 2008 tax return R. 2008 tax return B. 2008 tax return 1287, at www. 2008 tax return irs. 2008 tax return gov/irb/2005-25_IRB/2005-25_IRB/ar09. 2008 tax return html. 2008 tax return Material improvements or significant intervening use. 2008 tax return   To constitute significant intervening use, the organization must actually use the vehicle to substantially further the organization's regularly conducted activities, and the use must be significant, not incidental. 2008 tax return Factors in determining whether a use is a significant intervening use depend on the nature, extent, frequency, and duration. 2008 tax return For this purpose, use includes providing transportation on a regular basis for a significant period of time or significant use directly related to training in vehicle repair. 2008 tax return Use does not include the use of a vehicle to provide training in business skills, such as marketing or sales. 2008 tax return Examples of significant use include: Driving a vehicle every day for 1 year to deliver meals to needy individuals, if delivering meals is an activity regularly conducted by the organization. 2008 tax return Driving a vehicle for 10,000 miles over a 1-year period to deliver meals to needy individuals, if delivering meals is an activity regularly conducted by the organization. 2008 tax return   Material improvements include major repairs and additions that improve the condition of the vehicle in a manner that significantly increases the value. 2008 tax return To be a material improvement, the improvement cannot be funded by an additional payment to the organization from the donor of the vehicle. 2008 tax return Material improvements do not include cleaning, minor repairs, routine maintenance, painting, removal of dents or scratches, cleaning or repair of upholstery, and installation of theft deterrent devices. 2008 tax return Penalties. 2008 tax return   If your charitable organization receives contributions of used motor vehicles, boats, and airplanes valued over $500 it may be subject to a penalty if it knowingly: Fails to furnish an acknowledgement in a timely manner, showing the required information, or Furnishes a false or fraudulent acknowledgement of the contribution. 2008 tax return    Other penalties may apply. 2008 tax return See Part O in the 2012 General Instructions for Certain Information Returns. 2008 tax return   An acknowledgment containing a certification will be presumed to be false or fraudulent if the qualified vehicle is sold to a buyer other than a needy individual without a significant intervening use or material improvement within 6 months of the date of the contribution. 2008 tax return   If a charity sells a donated vehicle at auction, the IRS will not accept as substantiation an acknowledgment from the charity stating that the vehicle is to be transferred to a needy individual for significantly below fair market value. 2008 tax return Vehicles sold at auction are not sold at prices significantly below fair market value, and the IRS will not treat vehicles sold at auction as qualifying for this exception. 2008 tax return   The penalty for a false or fraudulent acknowledgment where the donee certifies that the vehicle will not be transferred for money, other property, or services before completion of material improvements or significant intervening use or the donee certifies that the vehicle is to be transferred to a needy individual for significantly below fair market value in furtherance of the donee's charitable purpose is the larger of $5,000 or the claimed value of the vehicle multiplied by 39. 2008 tax return 6%. 2008 tax return   The penalty for an acknowledgment relating to a qualified vehicle being sold in an arm's length transaction to an unrelated party is the larger of the gross proceeds from the sale or the sales price stated in the acknowledgment multiplied by 39. 2008 tax return 6%. 2008 tax return Qualified Intellectual Property A taxpayer who contributes qualified intellectual property to a charity may be entitled to a charitable deduction, in addition to any initial deduction allowed in the year of contribution. 2008 tax return The additional deduction is based on a specified percentage of the qualified donee income with respect to the qualified intellectual property. 2008 tax return To qualify for the additional charitable deduction, the donor must provide notice to the donee at the time of the contribution that the donor intends to treat the contribution as qualified intellectual property contribution for purposes of sections 170(m) and 6050L. 2008 tax return Every donee organization described in section 170(c) (except a private foundation as defined in section 509(a) that is not described in section 170(b)(1)(F)) that receives or accrues net income from a charitable gift of qualified intellectual property must file Form 8899. 2008 tax return Form 8899. 2008 tax return   Form 8899, Notice of Income From Donated Intellectual Property, is used by a donee to report net income from qualified intellectual property to the donor of the property and to the IRS and is due by the last day of the first full month following the close of the donee’s tax year. 2008 tax return This form must be filed for each tax year of the donee in which the donated property produces net income, but only if all or part of that tax year occurs during the 10-year period beginning on the date of the contribution and that tax year does not begin after the expiration of the legal life of the donated property. 2008 tax return Qualified donee income. 2008 tax return   Qualified donee income is any net income received by or accrued to the donee that is properly allocable to the qualified intellectual property for the tax year of the donee which ends within or with the tax year of the donor. 2008 tax return Income is not treated as allocated to qualified intellectual property if it is received or accrued after the earlier of the expiration of the legal life of the qualified intellectual property, or the 10-year period beginning with the date of