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1040nr Tax Returns

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1040nr Tax Returns

1040nr tax returns Index A Assessment of tax, Assessment of tax. 1040nr tax returns Assistance (see Tax help) B Bankruptcy Code tax compliance, Bankruptcy Code Tax Compliance Requirements Returns due after filing, Tax Returns Due After the Bankruptcy Filing Returns due before chapter 13 filing, Tax Returns Due for Periods Ending Before the Bankruptcy Filing in Chapter 13 Cases Bankruptcy estate, Taxes and the Bankruptcy Estate Attribute carryovers, Carrybacks from the debtor's activities. 1040nr tax returns Carrybacks, Carrybacks from the debtor's activities. 1040nr tax returns Disclosure of return information, Disclosure of bankruptcy estate's return information to debtor. 1040nr tax returns Employer identification number, Employer identification number. 1040nr tax returns , Employer identification number. 1040nr tax returns Estimated tax, Estimated tax – Form 1041-ES. 1040nr tax returns Return filing requirements, Bankruptcy Estate Tax Return Filing Requirements and Payment of Tax Due Separate taxable entity, Separate taxable entity. 1040nr tax returns Transfer of assets, Transfer of assets between debtor and bankruptcy estate. 1040nr tax returns C Conversion or dismissal chapter 11 case, Conversion or dismissal of chapter 11 cases. 1040nr tax returns Corporations, Corporations Filing requirements, Corporations Tax-free reorganizations, Tax-Free Reorganizations D Debt cancellation, Debt Cancellation Bankruptcy exclusion, Bankruptcy case exclusion. 1040nr tax returns Corporations, Corporations Insolvency exclusion, Insolvency exclusion. 1040nr tax returns Partnerships, Partnerships S corporations, S Corporations Deductions and credits, Bankruptcy Estate Deductions and Credits Administrative expenses, Administrative expenses. 1040nr tax returns Discharge of tax, Discharge of Unpaid Tax Disclosure of return information, Disclosure of debtor's return information to trustee. 1040nr tax returns , Disclosure of return information to trustee. 1040nr tax returns Dismissal of case Amended return, Dismissal of bankruptcy case. 1040nr tax returns E Election to end tax year: Form 1040, Debtor's Election To End Tax Year – Form 1040 Annualizing taxable income, Annualizing taxable income. 1040nr tax returns Election by spouse, Election by debtor's spouse. 1040nr tax returns Filing requirements, Making the Election - Filing Requirements Short tax years, Short tax years. 1040nr tax returns Employment taxes, Employment taxes. 1040nr tax returns , Employment Taxes Examination of return, Examination of return. 1040nr tax returns F Free tax services, How To Get Tax Help H Help (see Tax help) I Individuals in Chapter 12 or 13, Individuals in Chapter 12 or 13 Individuals in Chapter 7 or 11, Individuals in Chapter 7 or 11 Gross income chapter 11 case, Income of the estate in individual chapter 11 cases. 1040nr tax returns Gross income chapter 7 case, Income of the estate in individual chapter 7 cases. 1040nr tax returns J Jurisdiction over tax matters, Court Jurisdiction Over Tax Matters Bankruptcy Court, Bankruptcy Court Tax Court, Tax Court M More information (see Tax help) O Ordering tax return transcripts, Ordering tax transcripts and copies of returns. 1040nr tax returns P Partnerships, filing requirements, Partnerships Payment of tax claim, Federal Tax Claims Eighth priority taxes, Unsecured Tax Claims Second, third, fourth priority taxes, Higher priority taxes. 1040nr tax returns Secured tax claims, Secured tax claims. 1040nr tax returns Penalties, Penalties. 1040nr tax returns Relief from penalties, Relief from certain penalties. 1040nr tax returns Publications (see Tax help) R Request for prompt tax determination, Prompt Determination Requests Request for refund, Requests for refund or credit S Statute of limitations collections, Statute of limitations for collection. 1040nr tax returns T Tax attributes, Reduction of Tax Attributes Basis reduction, Basis. 1040nr tax returns , Basis Reduction Carryovers, Attribute carryovers. 1040nr tax returns Order of reduction, Order of reduction. 1040nr tax returns Reduction of, Reduction of Tax Attributes Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Tax reporting chapter 11 cases, Tax Reporting – Chapter 11 Cases Employment tax returns, Tax Reporting – Chapter 11 Cases Information returns, Employment taxes and employer's obligation to file Form W-2 in individual chapter 11 cases. 1040nr tax returns Self-employment taxes, Self-employment taxes in individual chapter 11 cases. 1040nr tax returns Wage reporting, tax withholding, Employment taxes and employer's obligation to file Form W-2 in individual chapter 11 cases. 1040nr tax returns Tax return: Form 1041, Figuring tax due. 1040nr tax returns Figuring tax due, Filing Requirements Payment of tax due, Payment of Tax Due When to file, When to file. 1040nr tax returns Taxpayer Advocate, Taxpayer Advocate Service. 1040nr tax returns TTY/TDD information, How To Get Tax Help Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications
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The 1040nr Tax Returns

1040nr tax returns 4. 1040nr tax returns   Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax Table of Contents What's New for 2014 Reminders Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Tax Withholding for 2014Salaries and Wages Tips Taxable Fringe Benefits Sick Pay Pensions and Annuities Gambling Winnings Unemployment Compensation Federal Payments Backup Withholding Estimated Tax for 2014Who Does Not Have To Pay Estimated Tax Who Must Pay Estimated Tax How To Figure Estimated Tax When To Pay Estimated Tax How To Figure Each Payment How To Pay Estimated Tax Credit for Withholding and Estimated Tax for 2013Withholding Estimated Tax Underpayment Penalty for 2013 What's New for 2014 Tax law changes for 2014. 1040nr tax returns  When you figure how much income tax you want withheld from your pay and when you figure your estimated tax, consider tax law changes effective in 2014. 1040nr tax returns For more information, see Publication 505. 1040nr tax returns Reminders Estimated tax safe harbor for higher income taxpayers. 1040nr tax returns  If your 2013 adjusted gross income was more than $150,000 ($75,000 if you are married filing a separate return), you must pay the smaller of 90% of your expected tax for 2014 or 110% of the tax shown on your 2013 return to avoid an estimated tax penalty. 1040nr tax returns Introduction This chapter discusses how to pay your tax as you earn or receive income during the year. 1040nr tax returns In general, the federal income tax is a pay-as-you-go tax. 1040nr tax returns There are two ways to pay as you go. 1040nr tax returns Withholding. 1040nr tax returns If you are an employee, your employer probably withholds income tax from your pay. 1040nr tax returns Tax also may be withheld from certain other income, such as pensions, bonuses, commissions, and gambling winnings. 1040nr tax returns The amount withheld is paid to the IRS in your name. 1040nr tax returns Estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns If you do not pay your tax through withholding, or do not pay enough tax that way, you may have to pay estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns People who are in business for themselves generally will have to pay their tax this way. 1040nr tax returns Also, you may have to pay estimated tax if you receive income such as dividends, interest, capital gains, rent, and royalties. 1040nr tax returns Estimated tax is used to pay not only income tax, but self-employment tax and alternative minimum tax as well. 1040nr tax returns This chapter explains these methods. 1040nr tax returns In addition, it also explains the following. 1040nr tax returns Credit for withholding and estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns When you file your 2013 income tax return, take credit for all the income tax withheld from your salary, wages, pensions, etc. 1040nr tax returns , and for the estimated tax you paid for 2013. 1040nr tax returns Also take credit for any excess social security or railroad retirement tax withheld (discussed in chapter 37). 1040nr tax returns Underpayment penalty. 1040nr tax returns If you did not pay enough tax during the year, either through withholding or by making estimated tax payments, you may have to pay a penalty. 1040nr tax returns In most cases, the IRS can figure this penalty for you. 1040nr tax returns See Underpayment Penalty for 2013 at the end of this chapter. 1040nr tax returns Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 505 Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax Form (and Instructions) W-4 Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate W-4P Withholding Certificate for Pension or Annuity Payments W-4S Request for Federal Income Tax Withholding From Sick Pay W-4V Voluntary Withholding Request 1040-ES Estimated Tax for Individuals 2210 Underpayment of Estimated Tax by Individuals, Estates, and Trusts 2210-F Underpayment of Estimated Tax by Farmers and Fishermen Tax Withholding for 2014 This section discusses income tax withholding on: Salaries and wages, Tips, Taxable fringe benefits, Sick pay, Pensions and annuities, Gambling winnings, Unemployment compensation, and Certain federal payments. 1040nr tax returns This section explains the rules for withholding tax from each of these types of income. 1040nr tax returns This section also covers backup withholding on interest, dividends, and other payments. 1040nr tax returns Salaries and Wages Income tax is withheld from the pay of most employees. 1040nr tax returns Your pay includes your regular pay, bonuses, commissions, and vacation allowances. 1040nr tax returns It also includes reimbursements and other expense allowances paid under a nonaccountable plan. 1040nr tax returns See Supplemental Wages , later, for more information about reimbursements and allowances paid under a nonaccountable plan. 1040nr tax returns If your income is low enough that you will not have to pay income tax for the year, you may be exempt from withholding. 1040nr tax returns This is explained under Exemption From Withholding , later. 1040nr tax returns You can ask your employer to withhold income tax from noncash wages and other wages not subject to withholding. 1040nr tax returns If your employer does not agree to withhold tax, or if not enough is withheld, you may have to pay estimated tax, as discussed later under Estimated Tax for 2014 . 1040nr tax returns Military retirees. 1040nr tax returns   Military retirement pay is treated in the same manner as regular pay for income tax withholding purposes, even though it is treated as a pension or annuity for other tax purposes. 1040nr tax returns Household workers. 1040nr tax returns   If you are a household worker, you can ask your employer to withhold income tax from your pay. 1040nr tax returns A household worker is an employee who performs household work in a private home, local college club, or local fraternity or sorority chapter. 1040nr tax returns   Tax is withheld only if you want it withheld and your employer agrees to withhold it. 1040nr tax returns If you do not have enough income tax withheld, you may have to pay estimated tax, as discussed later under Estimated Tax for 2014 . 1040nr tax returns Farmworkers. 1040nr tax returns   Generally, income tax is withheld from your cash wages for work on a farm unless your employer does both of these: Pays you cash wages of less than $150 during the year, and Has expenditures for agricultural labor totaling less than $2,500 during the year. 1040nr tax returns Differential wage payments. 1040nr tax returns    When employees are on leave from employment for military duty, some employers make up the difference between the military pay and civilian pay. 1040nr tax returns Payments to an employee who is on active duty for a period of more than 30 days will be subject to income tax withholding, but not subject to social security or Medicare taxes. 1040nr tax returns The wages and withholding will be reported on Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement. 1040nr tax returns   The credit employers can claim for differential wages paid to activated military reservists is scheduled to expire for wages paid after December 31, 2013. 1040nr tax returns Determining Amount of Tax Withheld Using Form W-4 The amount of income tax your employer withholds from your regular pay depends on two things. 1040nr tax returns The amount you earn in each payroll period. 1040nr tax returns The information you give your employer on Form W-4. 1040nr tax returns Form W-4 includes four types of information that your employer will use to figure your withholding. 1040nr tax returns Whether to withhold at the single rate or at the lower married rate. 1040nr tax returns How many withholding allowances you claim (each allowance reduces the amount withheld). 1040nr tax returns Whether you want an additional amount withheld. 1040nr tax returns Whether you are claiming an exemption from withholding in 2014. 1040nr tax returns See Exemption From Withholding , later. 1040nr tax returns Note. 1040nr tax returns You must specify a filing status and a number of withholding allowances on Form W-4. 1040nr tax returns You cannot specify only a dollar amount of withholding. 1040nr tax returns New Job When you start a new job, you must fill out Form W-4 and give it to your employer. 1040nr tax returns Your employer should have copies of the form. 1040nr tax returns If you need to change the information later, you must fill out a new form. 1040nr tax returns If you work only part of the year (for example, you start working after the beginning of the year), too much tax may be withheld. 1040nr tax returns You may be able to avoid overwithholding if your employer agrees to use the part-year method. 1040nr tax returns See Part-Year Method in chapter 1 of Publication 505 for more information. 1040nr tax returns Employee also receiving pension income. 1040nr tax returns   If you receive pension or annuity income and begin a new job, you will need to file Form W-4 with your new employer. 1040nr tax returns However, you can choose to split your withholding allowances between your pension and job in any manner. 1040nr tax returns Changing Your Withholding During the year changes may occur to your marital status, exemptions, adjustments, deductions, or credits you expect to claim on your tax return. 1040nr tax returns When this happens, you may need to give your employer a new Form W-4 to change your withholding status or your number of allowances. 1040nr tax returns If the changes reduce the number of allowances you are claiming or changes your marital status from married to single, you must give your employer a new Form W-4 within 10 days. 1040nr tax returns Generally, you can submit a new Form W-4 whenever you wish to change the number of your withholding allowances for any other reason. 1040nr tax returns Changing your withholding for 2015. 1040nr tax returns   If events in 2014 will decrease the number of your withholding allowances for 2015, you must give your employer a new Form W-4 by December 1, 2014. 1040nr tax returns If the event occurs in December 2014, submit a new Form W-4 within 10 days. 1040nr tax returns Checking Your Withholding After you have given your employer a Form W-4, you can check to see whether the amount of tax withheld from your pay is too little or too much. 1040nr tax returns If too much or too little tax is being withheld, you should give your employer a new Form W-4 to change your withholding. 1040nr tax returns You should try to have your withholding match your actual tax liability. 1040nr tax returns If not enough tax is withheld, you will owe tax at the end of the year and may have to pay interest and a penalty. 1040nr tax returns If too much tax is withheld, you will lose the use of that money until you get your refund. 1040nr tax returns Always check your withholding if there are personal or financial changes in your life or changes in the law that might change your tax liability. 1040nr tax returns Note. 1040nr tax returns You cannot give your employer a payment to cover withholding on salaries and wages for past pay periods or a payment for estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns Completing Form W-4 and Worksheets Form W-4 has worksheets to help you figure how many withholding allowances you can claim. 1040nr tax returns The worksheets are for your own records. 1040nr tax returns Do not give them to your employer. 1040nr tax returns Multiple jobs. 1040nr tax returns   If you have income from more than one job at the same time, complete only one set of Form W-4 worksheets. 1040nr tax returns Then split your allowances between the Forms W-4 for each job. 1040nr tax returns You cannot claim the same allowances with more than one employer at the same time. 1040nr tax returns You can claim all your allowances with one employer and none with the other(s), or divide them any other way. 1040nr tax returns Married individuals. 1040nr tax returns   If both you and your spouse are employed and expect to file a joint return, figure your withholding allowances using your combined income, adjustments, deductions, exemptions, and credits. 1040nr tax returns Use only one set of worksheets. 1040nr tax returns You can divide your total allowances any way, but you cannot claim an allowance that your spouse also claims. 1040nr tax returns   If you and your spouse expect to file separate returns, figure your allowances using separate worksheets based on your own individual income, adjustments, deductions, exemptions, and credits. 1040nr tax returns Alternative method of figuring withholding allowances. 1040nr tax returns   You do not have to use the Form W-4 worksheets if you use a more accurate method of figuring the number of withholding allowances. 1040nr tax returns For more information, see Alternative method of figuring withholding allowances under Completing Form W-4 and Worksheets in Publication 505, chapter 1. 1040nr tax returns Personal Allowances Worksheet. 1040nr tax returns   Use the Personal Allowances Worksheet on Form W-4 to figure your withholding allowances based on exemptions and any special allowances that apply. 1040nr tax returns Deduction and Adjustments Worksheet. 1040nr tax returns   Use the Deduction and Adjustments Worksheet on Form W-4 if you plan to itemize your deductions, claim certain credits, or claim adjustments to the income on your 2014 tax return and you want to reduce your withholding. 1040nr tax returns Also, complete this worksheet when you have changes to these items to see if you need to change your withholding. 1040nr tax returns Two-Earners/Multiple Jobs Worksheet. 1040nr tax returns   You may need to complete the Two-Earners/Multiple Jobs Worksheet on Form W-4 if you have more than one job, a working spouse, or are also receiving a pension. 1040nr tax returns Also, on this worksheet you can add any additional withholding necessary to cover any amount you expect to owe other than income tax, such as self-employment tax. 1040nr tax returns Getting the Right Amount of Tax Withheld In most situations, the tax withheld from your pay will be close to the tax you figure on your return if you follow these two rules. 1040nr tax returns You accurately complete all the Form W-4 worksheets that apply to you. 1040nr tax returns You give your employer a new Form W-4 when changes occur. 1040nr tax returns But because the worksheets and withholding methods do not account for all possible situations, you may not be getting the right amount withheld. 1040nr tax returns This is most likely to happen in the following situations. 1040nr tax returns You are married and both you and your spouse work. 1040nr tax returns You have more than one job at a time. 1040nr tax returns You have nonwage income, such as interest, dividends, alimony, unemployment compensation, or self-employment income. 1040nr tax returns You will owe additional amounts with your return, such as self-employment tax. 1040nr tax returns Your withholding is based on obsolete Form W-4 information for a substantial part of the year. 1040nr tax returns Your earnings are more than the amount shown under Check your withholding in the instructions at the top of page 1 of Form W-4. 1040nr tax returns You work only part of the year. 1040nr tax returns You change the number of your withholding allowances during the year. 1040nr tax returns Cumulative wage method. 1040nr tax returns   If you change the number of your withholding allowances during the year, too much or too little tax may have been withheld for the period before you made the change. 1040nr tax returns You may be able to compensate for this if your employer agrees to use the cumulative wage withholding method for the rest of the year. 1040nr tax returns You must ask your employer in writing to use this method. 1040nr tax returns   To be eligible, you must have been paid for the same kind of payroll period (weekly, biweekly, etc. 1040nr tax returns ) since the beginning of the year. 1040nr tax returns Publication 505 To make sure you are getting the right amount of tax withheld, get Publication 505. 1040nr tax returns It will help you compare the total tax to be withheld during the year with the tax you can expect to figure on your return. 1040nr tax returns It also will help you determine how much, if any, additional withholding is needed each payday to avoid owing tax when you file your return. 1040nr tax returns If you do not have enough tax withheld, you may have to pay estimated tax, as explained under Estimated Tax for 2014 , later. 1040nr tax returns You can use the IRS Withholding Calculator at www. 1040nr tax returns irs. 1040nr tax returns gov/Individuals, instead of Publication 505 or the worksheets included with Form W-4, to determine whether you need to have your withholding increased or decreased. 1040nr tax returns Rules Your Employer Must Follow It may be helpful for you to know some of the withholding rules your employer must follow. 1040nr tax returns These rules can affect how to fill out your Form W-4 and how to handle problems that may arise. 1040nr tax returns New Form W-4. 1040nr tax returns   When you start a new job, your employer should have you complete a Form W-4. 1040nr tax returns Beginning with your first payday, your employer will use the information you give on the form to figure your withholding. 1040nr tax returns   If you later fill out a new Form W-4, your employer can put it into effect as soon as possible. 1040nr tax returns The deadline for putting it into effect is the start of the first payroll period ending 30 or more days after you turn it in. 1040nr tax returns No Form W-4. 1040nr tax returns   If you do not give your employer a completed Form W-4, your employer must withhold at the highest rate, as if you were single and claimed no withholding allowances. 1040nr tax returns Repaying withheld tax. 1040nr tax returns   If you find you are having too much tax withheld because you did not claim all the withholding allowances you are entitled to, you should give your employer a new Form W-4. 1040nr tax returns Your employer cannot repay any of the tax previously withheld. 1040nr tax returns Instead, claim the full amount withheld when you file your tax return. 1040nr tax returns   However, if your employer has withheld more than the correct amount of tax for the Form W-4 you have in effect, you do not have to fill out a new Form W-4 to have your withholding lowered to the correct amount. 1040nr tax returns Your employer can repay the amount that was withheld incorrectly. 1040nr tax returns If you are not repaid, your Form W-2 will reflect the full amount actually withheld, which you would claim when you file your tax return. 1040nr tax returns Exemption From Withholding If you claim exemption from withholding, your employer will not withhold federal income tax from your wages. 1040nr tax returns The exemption applies only to income tax, not to social security or Medicare tax. 1040nr tax returns You can claim exemption from withholding for 2014 only if both of the following situations apply. 1040nr tax returns For 2013 you had a right to a refund of all federal income tax withheld because you had no tax liability. 1040nr tax returns For 2014 you expect a refund of all federal income tax withheld because you expect to have no tax liability. 1040nr tax returns Students. 1040nr tax returns   If you are a student, you are not automatically exempt. 1040nr tax returns See chapter 1 to find out if you must file a return. 1040nr tax returns If you work only part time or only during the summer, you may qualify for exemption from withholding. 1040nr tax returns Age 65 or older or blind. 1040nr tax returns   If you are 65 or older or blind, use Worksheet 1-3 or 1-4 in chapter 1 of Publication 505, to help you decide if you qualify for exemption from withholding. 1040nr tax returns Do not use either worksheet if you will itemize deductions, claim exemptions for dependents, or claim tax credits on your 2014 return. 1040nr tax returns Instead, see Itemizing deductions or claiming exemptions or credits in chapter 1 of Publication 505. 1040nr tax returns Claiming exemption from withholding. 1040nr tax returns   To claim exemption, you must give your employer a Form W-4. 1040nr tax returns Do not complete lines 5 and 6. 1040nr tax returns Enter “Exempt” on line 7. 1040nr tax returns   If you claim exemption, but later your situation changes so that you will have to pay income tax after all, you must file a new Form W-4 within 10 days after the change. 1040nr tax returns If you claim exemption in 2014, but you expect to owe income tax for 2015, you must file a new Form W-4 by December 1, 2014. 1040nr tax returns   Your claim of exempt status may be reviewed by the IRS. 1040nr tax returns An exemption is good for only 1 year. 1040nr tax returns   You must give your employer a new Form W-4 by February 15 each year to continue your exemption. 1040nr tax returns Supplemental Wages Supplemental wages include bonuses, commissions, overtime pay, vacation allowances, certain sick pay, and expense allowances under certain plans. 1040nr tax returns The payer can figure withholding on supplemental wages using the same method used for your regular wages. 1040nr tax returns However, if these payments are identified separately from your regular wages, your employer or other payer of supplemental wages can withhold income tax from these wages at a flat rate. 1040nr tax returns Expense allowances. 1040nr tax returns   Reimbursements or other expense allowances paid by your employer under a nonaccountable plan are treated as supplemental wages. 1040nr tax returns   Reimbursements or other expense allowances paid under an accountable plan that are more than your proven expenses are treated as paid under a nonaccountable plan if you do not return the excess payments within a reasonable period of time. 1040nr tax returns   For more information about accountable and nonaccountable expense allowance plans, see Reimbursements in chapter 26. 1040nr tax returns Penalties You may have to pay a penalty of $500 if both of the following apply. 1040nr tax returns You make statements or claim withholding allowances on your Form W-4 that reduce the amount of tax withheld. 1040nr tax returns You have no reasonable basis for those statements or allowances at the time you prepare your Form W-4. 1040nr tax returns There is also a criminal penalty for willfully supplying false or fraudulent information on your Form W-4 or for willfully failing to supply information that would increase the amount withheld. 1040nr tax returns The penalty upon conviction can be either a fine of up to $1,000 or imprisonment for up to 1 year, or both. 1040nr tax returns These penalties will apply if you deliberately and knowingly falsify your Form W-4 in an attempt to reduce or eliminate the proper withholding of taxes. 1040nr tax returns A simple error or an honest mistake will not result in one of these penalties. 1040nr tax returns For example, a person who has tried to figure the number of withholding allowances correctly, but claims seven when the proper number is six, will not be charged a W-4 penalty. 1040nr tax returns Tips The tips you receive while working on your job are considered part of your pay. 1040nr tax returns You must include your tips on your tax return on the same line as your regular pay. 1040nr tax returns However, tax is not withheld directly from tip income, as it is from your regular pay. 1040nr tax returns Nevertheless, your employer will take into account the tips you report when figuring how much to withhold from your regular pay. 1040nr tax returns See chapter 6 for information on reporting your tips to your employer. 1040nr tax returns For more information on the withholding rules for tip income, see Publication 531, Reporting Tip Income. 1040nr tax returns How employer figures amount to withhold. 1040nr tax returns   The tips you report to your employer are counted as part of your income for the month you report them. 1040nr tax returns Your employer can figure your withholding in either of two ways. 1040nr tax returns By withholding at the regular rate on the sum of your pay plus your reported tips. 1040nr tax returns By withholding at the regular rate on your pay plus a percentage of your reported tips. 1040nr tax returns Not enough pay to cover taxes. 1040nr tax returns   If your regular pay is not enough for your employer to withhold all the tax (including income tax and social security and Medicare taxes (or the equivalent railroad retirement tax)) due on your pay plus your tips, you can give your employer money to cover the shortage. 1040nr tax returns See Giving your employer money for taxes in chapter 6. 1040nr tax returns Allocated tips. 1040nr tax returns   Your employer should not withhold income tax, Medicare tax, social security tax, or railroad retirement tax on any allocated tips. 1040nr tax returns Withholding is based only on your pay plus your reported tips. 1040nr tax returns Your employer should refund to you any incorrectly withheld tax. 1040nr tax returns See Allocated Tips in chapter 6 for more information. 1040nr tax returns Taxable Fringe Benefits The value of certain noncash fringe benefits you receive from your employer is considered part of your pay. 1040nr tax returns Your employer generally must withhold income tax on these benefits from your regular pay. 1040nr tax returns For information on fringe benefits, see Fringe Benefits under Employee Compensation in chapter 5. 1040nr tax returns Although the value of your personal use of an employer-provided car, truck, or other highway motor vehicle is taxable, your employer can choose not to withhold income tax on that amount. 1040nr tax returns Your employer must notify you if this choice is made. 1040nr tax returns For more information on withholding on taxable fringe benefits, see chapter 1 of Publication 505. 1040nr tax returns Sick Pay Sick pay is a payment to you to replace your regular wages while you are temporarily absent from work due to sickness or personal injury. 1040nr tax returns To qualify as sick pay, it must be paid under a plan to which your employer is a party. 1040nr tax returns If you receive sick pay from your employer or an agent of your employer, income tax must be withheld. 1040nr tax returns An agent who does not pay regular wages to you may choose to withhold income tax at a flat rate. 1040nr tax returns However, if you receive sick pay from a third party who is not acting as an agent of your employer, income tax will be withheld only if you choose to have it withheld. 1040nr tax returns See Form W-4S , later. 1040nr tax returns If you receive payments under a plan in which your employer does not participate (such as an accident or health plan where you paid all the premiums), the payments are not sick pay and usually are not taxable. 1040nr tax returns Union agreements. 1040nr tax returns   If you receive sick pay under a collective bargaining agreement between your union and your employer, the agreement may determine the amount of income tax withholding. 1040nr tax returns See your union representative or your employer for more information. 1040nr tax returns Form W-4S. 1040nr tax returns   If you choose to have income tax withheld from sick pay paid by a third party, such as an insurance company, you must fill out Form W-4S. 1040nr tax returns Its instructions contain a worksheet you can use to figure the amount you want withheld. 1040nr tax returns They also explain restrictions that may apply. 1040nr tax returns   Give the completed form to the payer of your sick pay. 1040nr tax returns The payer must withhold according to your directions on the form. 1040nr tax returns Estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns   If you do not request withholding on Form W-4S, or if you do not have enough tax withheld, you may have to make estimated tax payments. 1040nr tax returns If you do not pay enough tax, either through estimated tax or withholding, or a combination of both, you may have to pay a penalty. 1040nr tax returns See Underpayment Penalty for 2013 at the end of this chapter. 1040nr tax returns Pensions and Annuities Income tax usually will be withheld from your pension or annuity distributions unless you choose not to have it withheld. 1040nr tax returns This rule applies to distributions from: A traditional individual retirement arrangement (IRA); A life insurance company under an endowment, annuity, or life insurance contract; A pension, annuity, or profit-sharing plan; A stock bonus plan; and Any other plan that defers the time you receive compensation. 1040nr tax returns The amount withheld depends on whether you receive payments spread out over more than 1 year (periodic payments), within 1 year (nonperiodic payments), or as an eligible rollover distribution (ERD). 1040nr tax returns Income tax withholding from an ERD is mandatory. 1040nr tax returns More information. 1040nr tax returns   For more information on taxation of annuities and distributions (including ERDs) from qualified retirement plans, see chapter 10. 1040nr tax returns For information on IRAs, see chapter 17. 1040nr tax returns For more information on withholding on pensions and annuities, including a discussion of Form W-4P, see Pensions and Annuities in chapter 1 of Publication 505. 1040nr tax returns Gambling Winnings Income tax is withheld at a flat 25% rate from certain kinds of gambling winnings. 1040nr tax returns Gambling winnings of more than $5,000 from the following sources are subject to income tax withholding. 1040nr tax returns Any sweepstakes; wagering pool, including payments made to winners of poker tournaments; or lottery. 1040nr tax returns Any other wager, if the proceeds are at least 300 times the amount of the bet. 1040nr tax returns It does not matter whether your winnings are paid in cash, in property, or as an annuity. 1040nr tax returns Winnings not paid in cash are taken into account at their fair market value. 1040nr tax returns Exception. 1040nr tax returns   Gambling winnings from bingo, keno, and slot machines generally are not subject to income tax withholding. 1040nr tax returns However, you may need to provide the payer with a social security number to avoid withholding. 1040nr tax returns See Backup withholding on gambling winnings in chapter 1 of Publication 505. 1040nr tax returns If you receive gambling winnings not subject to withholding, you may need to pay estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns See Estimated Tax for 2014 , later. 1040nr tax returns If you do not pay enough tax, either through withholding or estimated tax, or a combination of both, you may have to pay a penalty. 1040nr tax returns See Underpayment Penalty for 2013 at the end of this chapter. 1040nr tax returns Form W-2G. 1040nr tax returns   If a payer withholds income tax from your gambling winnings, you should receive a Form W-2G, Certain Gambling Winnings, showing the amount you won and the amount withheld. 1040nr tax returns Report the tax withheld on line 62 of Form 1040. 1040nr tax returns Unemployment Compensation You can choose to have income tax withheld from unemployment compensation. 1040nr tax returns To make this choice, fill out Form W-4V (or a similar form provided by the payer) and give it to the payer. 1040nr tax returns All unemployment compensation is taxable. 1040nr tax returns So, if you do not have income tax withheld, you may have to pay estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns See Estimated Tax for 2014 , later. 1040nr tax returns If you do not pay enough tax, either through withholding or estimated tax, or a combination of both, you may have to pay a penalty. 1040nr tax returns For information, see Underpayment Penalty for 2013 at the end of this chapter. 1040nr tax returns Federal Payments You can choose to have income tax withheld from certain federal payments you receive. 1040nr tax returns These payments are: Social security benefits, Tier 1 railroad retirement benefits, Commodity credit corporation loans you choose to include in your gross income, Payments under the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U. 1040nr tax returns S. 1040nr tax returns C. 1040nr tax returns 1421 et. 1040nr tax returns seq. 1040nr tax returns ), as amended, or title II of the Disaster Assistance Act of 1988, that are treated as insurance proceeds and that you receive because: Your crops were destroyed or damaged by drought, flood, or any other natural disaster, or You were unable to plant crops because of a natural disaster described in (a), and Any other payment under Federal law as determined by the Secretary. 1040nr tax returns To make this choice, fill out Form W-4V (or a similar form provided by the payer) and give it to the payer. 1040nr tax returns If you do not choose to have income tax withheld, you may have to pay estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns See Estimated Tax for 2014 , later. 1040nr tax returns If you do not pay enough tax, either through withholding or estimated tax, or a combination of both, you may have to pay a penalty. 1040nr tax returns For information, see Underpayment Penalty for 2013 at the end of this chapter. 1040nr tax returns More information. 1040nr tax returns   For more information about the tax treatment of social security and railroad retirement benefits, see chapter 11. 1040nr tax returns Get Publication 225, Farmer's Tax Guide, for information about the tax treatment of commodity credit corporation loans or crop disaster payments. 1040nr tax returns Backup Withholding Banks or other businesses that pay you certain kinds of income must file an information return (Form 1099) with the IRS. 1040nr tax returns The information return shows how much you were paid during the year. 1040nr tax returns It also includes your name and taxpayer identification number (TIN). 1040nr tax returns TINs are explained in chapter 1 under Social Security Number (SSN) . 1040nr tax returns These payments generally are not subject to withholding. 1040nr tax returns However, “backup” withholding is required in certain situations. 1040nr tax returns Backup withholding can apply to most kinds of payments that are reported on Form 1099. 1040nr tax returns The payer must withhold at a flat 28% rate in the following situations. 1040nr tax returns You do not give the payer your TIN in the required manner. 1040nr tax returns The IRS notifies the payer that the TIN you gave is incorrect. 1040nr tax returns You are required, but fail, to certify that you are not subject to backup withholding. 1040nr tax returns The IRS notifies the payer to start withholding on interest or dividends because you have underreported interest or dividends on your income tax return. 1040nr tax returns The IRS will do this only after it has mailed you four notices over at least a 210-day period. 1040nr tax returns See Backup Withholding in chapter 1 of Publication 505 for more information. 1040nr tax returns Penalties. 1040nr tax returns   There are civil and criminal penalties for giving false information to avoid backup withholding. 1040nr tax returns The civil penalty is $500. 1040nr tax returns The criminal penalty, upon conviction, is a fine of up to $1,000 or imprisonment of up to 1 year, or both. 1040nr tax returns Estimated Tax for 2014 Estimated tax is the method used to pay tax on income that is not subject to withholding. 1040nr tax returns This includes income from self-employment, interest, dividends, alimony, rent, gains from the sale of assets, prizes, and awards. 1040nr tax returns You also may have to pay estimated tax if the amount of income tax being withheld from your salary, pension, or other income is not enough. 1040nr tax returns Estimated tax is used to pay both income tax and self-employment tax, as well as other taxes and amounts reported on your tax return. 1040nr tax returns If you do not pay enough tax, either through withholding or estimated tax, or a combination of both, you may have to pay a penalty. 1040nr tax returns If you do not pay enough by the due date of each payment period (see When To Pay Estimated Tax , later), you may be charged a penalty even if you are due a refund when you file your tax return. 1040nr tax returns For information on when the penalty applies, see Underpayment Penalty for 2013 at the end of this chapter. 1040nr tax returns Who Does Not Have To Pay Estimated Tax If you receive salaries or wages, you can avoid having to pay estimated tax by asking your employer to take more tax out of your earnings. 1040nr tax returns To do this, give a new Form W-4 to your employer. 1040nr tax returns See chapter 1 of Publication 505. 1040nr tax returns Estimated tax not required. 1040nr tax returns   You do not have to pay estimated tax for 2014 if you meet all three of the following conditions. 1040nr tax returns You had no tax liability for 2013. 1040nr tax returns You were a U. 1040nr tax returns S. 1040nr tax returns citizen or resident alien for the whole year. 1040nr tax returns Your 2013 tax year covered a 12-month period. 1040nr tax returns   You had no tax liability for 2013 if your total tax was zero or you did not have to file an income tax return. 1040nr tax returns For the definition of “total tax” for 2013, see Publication 505, chapter 2. 1040nr tax returns Who Must Pay Estimated Tax If you owe additional tax for 2013, you may have to pay estimated tax for 2014. 1040nr tax returns You can use the following general rule as a guide during the year to see if you will have enough withholding, or if you should increase your withholding or make estimated tax payments. 1040nr tax returns General rule. 1040nr tax returns   In most cases, you must pay estimated tax for 2014 if both of the following apply. 1040nr tax returns You expect to owe at least $1,000 in tax for 2014, after subtracting your withholding and refundable credits. 1040nr tax returns You expect your withholding plus your refundable credits to be less than the smaller of: 90% of the tax to be shown on your 2014 tax return, or 100% of the tax shown on your 2013 tax return (but see Special rules for farmers, fishermen, and higher income taxpayers, later). 1040nr tax returns Your 2013 tax return must cover all 12 months. 1040nr tax returns    If the result from using the general rule above suggests that you will not have enough withholding, complete the 2014 Estimated Tax Worksheet in Publication 505 for a more accurate calculation. 1040nr tax returns Special rules for farmers, fishermen, and higher income taxpayers. 1040nr tax returns   If at least two-thirds of your gross income for tax year 2013 or 2014 is from farming or fishing, substitute 662/3% for 90% in (2a) under the General rule, earlier. 1040nr tax returns If your AGI for 2013 was more than $150,000 ($75,000 if your filing status for 2014 is married filing a separate return), substitute 110% for 100% in (2b) under General rule , earlier. 1040nr tax returns See Figure 4-A and Publication 505, chapter 2 for more information. 1040nr tax returns Figure 4-A. 1040nr tax returns Do You Have To Pay Estimated Tax? Please click here for the text description of the image. 1040nr tax returns Figure 4-A Do You Have To Pay Estimated Tax? Aliens. 1040nr tax returns   Resident and nonresident aliens also may have to pay estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns Resident aliens should follow the rules in this chapter unless noted otherwise. 1040nr tax returns Nonresident aliens should get Form 1040-ES (NR), U. 1040nr tax returns S. 1040nr tax returns Estimated Tax for Nonresident Alien Individuals. 1040nr tax returns   You are an alien if you are not a citizen or national of the United States. 1040nr tax returns You are a resident alien if you either have a green card or meet the substantial presence test. 1040nr tax returns For more information about the substantial presence test, see Publication 519, U. 1040nr tax returns S. 1040nr tax returns Tax Guide for Aliens. 1040nr tax returns Married taxpayers. 1040nr tax returns   If you qualify to make joint estimated tax payments, apply the rules discussed here to your joint estimated income. 1040nr tax returns   You and your spouse can make joint estimated tax payments even if you are not living together. 1040nr tax returns   However, you and your spouse cannot make joint estimated tax payments if:  You are legally separated under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance, You and your spouse have different tax years, or Either spouse is a nonresident alien (unless that spouse elected to be treated as a resident alien for tax purposes (see chapter 1 of Publication 519)). 1040nr tax returns   If you do not qualify to make joint estimated tax payments, apply these rules to your separate estimated income. 1040nr tax returns Making joint or separate estimated tax payments will not affect your choice of filing a joint tax return or separate returns for 2014. 1040nr tax returns 2013 separate returns and 2014 joint return. 1040nr tax returns   If you plan to file a joint return with your spouse for 2014, but you filed separate returns for 2013, your 2013 tax is the total of the tax shown on your separate returns. 1040nr tax returns You filed a separate return if you filed as single, head of household, or married filing separately. 1040nr tax returns 2013 joint return and 2014 separate returns. 1040nr tax returns   If you plan to file a separate return for 2014 but you filed a joint return for 2013, your 2013 tax is your share of the tax on the joint return. 1040nr tax returns You file a separate return if you file as single, head of household, or married filing separately. 1040nr tax returns   To figure your share of the tax on the joint return, first figure the tax both you and your spouse would have paid had you filed separate returns for 2013 using the same filing status as for 2014. 1040nr tax returns Then multiply the tax on the joint return by the following fraction. 1040nr tax returns     The tax you would have paid had you filed a separate return   The total tax you and your spouse would have paid had you filed separate returns Example. 1040nr tax returns Joe and Heather filed a joint return for 2013 showing taxable income of $48,500 and a tax of $6,386. 1040nr tax returns Of the $48,500 taxable income, $40,100 was Joe's and the rest was Heather's. 1040nr tax returns For 2014, they plan to file married filing separately. 1040nr tax returns Joe figures his share of the tax on the 2013 joint return as follows. 1040nr tax returns   Tax on $40,100 based on a separate return $5,960     Tax on $8,400 based on a separate return 843     Total $6,803     Joe's percentage of total ($5,960 ÷ $6,803) 87. 1040nr tax returns 6%     Joe's share of tax on joint return  ($6,386 × 87. 1040nr tax returns 6%) $5,594   How To Figure Estimated Tax To figure your estimated tax, you must figure your expected adjusted gross income (AGI), taxable income, taxes, deductions, and credits for the year. 1040nr tax returns When figuring your 2014 estimated tax, it may be helpful to use your income, deductions, and credits for 2013 as a starting point. 1040nr tax returns Use your 2013 federal tax return as a guide. 1040nr tax returns You can use Form 1040-ES and Publication 505 to figure your estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns Nonresident aliens use Form 1040-ES (NR) and Publication 505 to figure estimated tax (see chapter 8 of Publication 519 for more information). 1040nr tax returns You must make adjustments both for changes in your own situation and for recent changes in the tax law. 1040nr tax returns For a discussion of these changes, visit IRS. 1040nr tax returns gov. 1040nr tax returns For more complete information on how to figure your estimated tax for 2014, see chapter 2 of Publication 505. 1040nr tax returns When To Pay Estimated Tax For estimated tax purposes, the tax year is divided into four payment periods. 1040nr tax returns Each period has a specific payment due date. 1040nr tax returns If you do not pay enough tax by the due date of each payment period, you may be charged a penalty even if you are due a refund when you file your income tax return. 1040nr tax returns The payment periods and due dates for estimated tax payments are shown next. 1040nr tax returns   For the period: Due date:*     Jan. 1040nr tax returns 1 – March 31 April 15     April 1 – May 31 June 16     June 1 – August 31 Sept. 1040nr tax returns 15     Sept. 1040nr tax returns 1– Dec. 1040nr tax returns 31 Jan. 1040nr tax returns 15, next year     *See Saturday, Sunday, holiday rule and January payment . 1040nr tax returns Saturday, Sunday, holiday rule. 1040nr tax returns   If the due date for an estimated tax payment falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the payment will be on time if you make it on the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday. 1040nr tax returns January payment. 1040nr tax returns   If you file your 2014 Form 1040 or Form 1040A by January 31, 2015, and pay the rest of the tax you owe, you do not need to make the payment due on January 15, 2015. 1040nr tax returns Fiscal year taxpayers. 1040nr tax returns   If your tax year does not start on January 1, see the Form 1040-ES instructions for your payment due dates. 1040nr tax returns When To Start You do not have to make estimated tax payments until you have income on which you will owe income tax. 1040nr tax returns If you have income subject to estimated tax during the first payment period, you must make your first payment by the due date for the first payment period. 1040nr tax returns You can pay all your estimated tax at that time, or you can pay it in installments. 1040nr tax returns If you choose to pay in installments, make your first payment by the due date for the first payment period. 1040nr tax returns Make your remaining installment payments by the due dates for the later periods. 1040nr tax returns No income subject to estimated tax during first period. 1040nr tax returns    If you do not have income subject to estimated tax until a later payment period, you must make your first payment by the due date for that period. 1040nr tax returns You can pay your entire estimated tax by the due date for that period or you can pay it in installments by the due date for that period and the due dates for the remaining periods. 1040nr tax returns The following chart shows when to make installment payments. 1040nr tax returns If you first have income on which you must pay estimated tax: Make a payment  by:* Make later installments by:* Before April 1 April 15 June 16 Sept. 1040nr tax returns 15 Jan. 1040nr tax returns 15 next year April 1–May 31 June 16 Sept. 1040nr tax returns 15 Jan. 1040nr tax returns 15 next year June 1–Aug. 1040nr tax returns 31 Sept. 1040nr tax returns 15 Jan. 1040nr tax returns 15 next year After Aug. 1040nr tax returns 31 Jan. 1040nr tax returns 15 next year (None) *See Saturday, Sunday, holiday rule and January payment . 1040nr tax returns How much to pay to avoid a penalty. 1040nr tax returns   To determine how much you should pay by each payment due date, see How To Figure Each Payment, next. 1040nr tax returns How To Figure Each Payment You should pay enough estimated tax by the due date of each payment period to avoid a penalty for that period. 1040nr tax returns You can figure your required payment for each period by using either the regular installment method or the annualized income installment method. 1040nr tax returns These methods are described in chapter 2 of Publication 505. 1040nr tax returns If you do not pay enough during each payment period, you may be charged a penalty even if you are due a refund when you file your tax return. 1040nr tax returns If the earlier discussion of No income subject to estimated tax during first period or the later discussion of Change in estimated tax applies to you, you may benefit from reading Annualized Income Installment Method in chapter 2 of Publication 505 for information on how to avoid a penalty. 1040nr tax returns Underpayment penalty. 1040nr tax returns   Under the regular installment method, if your estimated tax payment for any period is less than one-fourth of your estimated tax, you may be charged a penalty for underpayment of estimated tax for that period when you file your tax return. 1040nr tax returns Under the annualized income installment method, your estimated tax payments vary with your income, but the amount required must be paid each period. 1040nr tax returns See chapter 4 of Publication 505 for more information. 1040nr tax returns Change in estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns   After you make an estimated tax payment, changes in your income, adjustments, deductions, credits, or exemptions may make it necessary for you to refigure your estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns Pay the unpaid balance of your amended estimated tax by the next payment due date after the change or in installments by that date and the due dates for the remaining payment periods. 1040nr tax returns Estimated Tax Payments Not Required You do not have to pay estimated tax if your withholding in each payment period is at least as much as: One-fourth of your required annual payment, or Your required annualized income installment for that period. 1040nr tax returns You also do not have to pay estimated tax if you will pay enough through withholding to keep the amount you owe with your return under $1,000. 1040nr tax returns How To Pay Estimated Tax There are several ways to pay estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns Credit an overpayment on your 2013 return to your 2014 estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns Pay by direct transfer from your bank account, or pay by credit or debit card using a pay-by-phone system or the Internet. 1040nr tax returns Send in your payment (check or money order) with a payment voucher from Form 1040-ES. 1040nr tax returns Credit an Overpayment If you show an overpayment of tax after completing your Form 1040 or Form 1040A for 2013, you can apply part or all of it to your estimated tax for 2014. 1040nr tax returns On line 75 of Form 1040, or line 44 of Form 1040A, enter the amount you want credited to your estimated tax rather than refunded. 1040nr tax returns Take the amount you have credited into account when figuring your estimated tax payments. 1040nr tax returns You cannot have any of the amount you credited to your estimated tax refunded to you until you file your tax return for the following year. 1040nr tax returns You also cannot use that overpayment in any other way. 1040nr tax returns Pay Online Paying online is convenient and secure and helps make sure we get your payments on time. 1040nr tax returns You can pay using either of the following electronic payment methods. 1040nr tax returns Direct transfer from your bank account. 1040nr tax returns Credit or debit card. 1040nr tax returns To pay your taxes online or for more information, go to www. 1040nr tax returns irs. 1040nr tax returns gov/e-pay. 1040nr tax returns Pay by Phone Paying by phone is another safe and secure method of paying electronically. 1040nr tax returns Use one of the following methods. 1040nr tax returns Direct transfer from your bank account. 1040nr tax returns Credit or debit card. 1040nr tax returns To pay by direct transfer from your bank account, call 1-800-555-4477 (English), 1-800-244-4829 (Espanol). 1040nr tax returns People who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability and who have access to TTY/TDD can call 1-800-733-4829. 1040nr tax returns To pay using a credit or debit card, you can call one of the following service providers. 1040nr tax returns There is a convenience fee charged by these providers that varies by provider, card type, and payment amount. 1040nr tax returns WorldPay 1-888-9-PAY-TAXTM(1-888-972-9829) www. 1040nr tax returns payUSAtax. 1040nr tax returns com Official Payments Corporation 1-888-UPAY-TAXTM (1-888-872-9829) www. 1040nr tax returns officialpayments. 1040nr tax returns com Link2Gov Corporation 1-888-PAY-1040TM (1-888-729-1040) www. 1040nr tax returns PAY1040. 1040nr tax returns com For the latest details on how to pay by phone, go to www. 1040nr tax returns irs. 1040nr tax returns gov/e-pay. 1040nr tax returns Pay by Check or Money Order Using the Estimated Tax Payment Voucher Each payment of estimated tax by check or money order must be accompanied by a payment voucher from Form 1040-ES. 1040nr tax returns During 2013, if you: made at least one estimated tax payment but not by electronic means, did not use software or a paid preparer to prepare or file your return,  then you should receive a copy of the 2014 Form 1040-ES/V. 1040nr tax returns The enclosed payment vouchers will be preprinted with your name, address, and social security number. 1040nr tax returns Using the preprinted vouchers will speed processing, reduce the chance of error, and help save processing costs. 1040nr tax returns Use the window envelopes that came with your Form 1040-ES package. 1040nr tax returns If you use your own envelopes, make sure you mail your payment vouchers to the address shown in the Form 1040-ES instructions for the place where you live. 1040nr tax returns Note. 1040nr tax returns These criteria can change without notice. 1040nr tax returns If you do not receive a Form 1040-ES/V package and you are required to make an estimated tax payment, you should go to www. 1040nr tax returns irs. 1040nr tax returns gov and print a copy of Form 1040-ES which includes four blank payment vouchers. 1040nr tax returns Complete one of these and make your payment timely to avoid penalties for paying late. 1040nr tax returns Do not use the address shown in the Form 1040 or Form 1040A instructions for your estimated tax payments. 1040nr tax returns If you did not pay estimated tax last year, you can order Form 1040-ES from the IRS (see inside back cover of this publication) or download it from IRS. 1040nr tax returns gov. 1040nr tax returns Follow the instructions to make sure you use the vouchers correctly. 1040nr tax returns Joint estimated tax payments. 1040nr tax returns   If you file a joint return and are making joint estimated tax payments, enter the names and social security numbers on the payment voucher in the same order as they will appear on the joint return. 1040nr tax returns Change of address. 1040nr tax returns   You must notify the IRS if you are making estimated tax payments and you changed your address during the year. 1040nr tax returns Complete Form 8822, Change of Address, and mail it to the address shown in the instructions for that form. 1040nr tax returns Credit for Withholding and Estimated Tax for 2013 When you file your 2013 income tax return, take credit for all the income tax and excess social security or railroad retirement tax withheld from your salary, wages, pensions, etc. 1040nr tax returns Also take credit for the estimated tax you paid for 2013. 1040nr tax returns These credits are subtracted from your total tax. 1040nr tax returns Because these credits are refundable, you should file a return and claim these credits, even if you do not owe tax. 1040nr tax returns Two or more employers. 1040nr tax returns   If you had two or more employers in 2013 and were paid wages of more than $113,700, too much social security or tier 1 railroad retirement tax may have been withheld from your pay. 1040nr tax returns You may be able to claim the excess as a credit against your income tax when you file your return. 1040nr tax returns See Credit for Excess Social Security Tax or Railroad Retirement Tax Withheld in chapter 37. 1040nr tax returns Withholding If you had income tax withheld during 2013, you should be sent a statement by January 31, 2014, showing your income and the tax withheld. 1040nr tax returns Depending on the source of your income, you should receive: Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, Form W-2G, Certain Gambling Winnings, or A form in the 1099 series. 1040nr tax returns Forms W-2 and W-2G. 1040nr tax returns   If you file a paper return, always file Form W-2 with your income tax return. 1040nr tax returns File Form W-2G with your return only if it shows any federal income tax withheld from your winnings. 1040nr tax returns   You should get at least two copies of each form. 1040nr tax returns If you file a paper return, attach one copy to the front of your federal income tax return. 1040nr tax returns Keep one copy for your records. 1040nr tax returns You also should receive copies to file with your state and local returns. 1040nr tax returns Form W-2 Your employer is required to provide or send Form W-2 to you no later than January 31, 2014. 1040nr tax returns You should receive a separate Form W-2 from each employer you worked for. 1040nr tax returns If you stopped working before the end of 2013, your employer could have given you your Form W-2 at any time after you stopped working. 1040nr tax returns However, your employer must provide or send it to you by January 31, 2014. 1040nr tax returns If you ask for the form, your employer must send it to you within 30 days after receiving your written request or within 30 days after your final wage payment, whichever is later. 1040nr tax returns If you have not received your Form W-2 by January 31, you should ask your employer for it. 1040nr tax returns If you do not receive it by February 15, call the IRS. 1040nr tax returns Form W-2 shows your total pay and other compensation and the income tax, social security tax, and Medicare tax that was withheld during the year. 1040nr tax returns Include the federal income tax withheld (as shown in box 2 of Form W-2) on: Line 62 if you file Form 1040, Line 36 if you file Form 1040A, or Line 7 if you file Form 1040EZ. 1040nr tax returns In addition, Form W-2 is used to report any taxable sick pay you received and any income tax withheld from your sick pay. 1040nr tax returns Form W-2G If you had gambling winnings in 2013, the payer may have withheld income tax. 1040nr tax returns If tax was withheld, the payer will give you a Form W-2G showing the amount you won and the amount of tax withheld. 1040nr tax returns Report the amounts you won on line 21 of Form 1040. 1040nr tax returns Take credit for the tax withheld on line 62 of Form 1040. 1040nr tax returns If you had gambling winnings, you must use Form 1040; you cannot use Form 1040A or Form 1040EZ. 1040nr tax returns The 1099 Series Most forms in the 1099 series are not filed with your return. 1040nr tax returns These forms should be furnished to you by January 31, 2014 (or, for Forms 1099-B, 1099-S, and certain Forms 1099-MISC, by February 15, 2014). 1040nr tax returns Unless instructed to file any of these forms with your return, keep them for your records. 1040nr tax returns There are several different forms in this series, including: Form 1099-B, Proceeds From Broker and Barter Exchange Transactions; Form 1099-DIV, Dividends and Distributions; Form 1099-G, Certain Government Payments; Form 1099-INT, Interest Income; Form 1099-K, Payment Card and Third Party Network Transactions; Form 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Income; Form 1099-OID, Original Issue Discount; Form 1099-PATR, Taxable Distributions Received from Cooperatives; Form 1099-Q, Payments From Qualified Education Programs; Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc. 1040nr tax returns ; Form 1099-S, Proceeds From Real Estate Transactions; Form RRB-1099, Payments by the Railroad Retirement Board. 1040nr tax returns If you received the types of income reported on some forms in the 1099 series, you may not be able to use Form 1040A or Form 1040EZ. 1040nr tax returns See the instructions to these forms for details. 1040nr tax returns Form 1099-R. 1040nr tax returns   Attach Form 1099-R to your paper return if box 4 shows federal income tax withheld. 1040nr tax returns Include the amount withheld in the total on line 62 of Form 1040 or line 36 of Form 1040A. 1040nr tax returns You cannot use Form 1040EZ if you received payments reported on Form 1099-R. 1040nr tax returns Backup withholding. 1040nr tax returns   If you were subject to backup withholding on income you received during 2013, include the amount withheld, as shown on your Form 1099, in the total on line 62 of Form 1040, line 36 of Form 1040A, or line 7 of Form 1040EZ. 1040nr tax returns Form Not Correct If you receive a form with incorrect information on it, you should ask the payer for a corrected form. 1040nr tax returns Call the telephone number or write to the address given for the payer on the form. 1040nr tax returns The corrected Form W-2G or Form 1099 you receive will have an “X” in the “CORRECTED” box at the top of the form. 1040nr tax returns A special form, Form W-2c, Corrected Wage and Tax Statement, is used to correct a Form W-2. 1040nr tax returns In certain situations, you will receive two forms in place of the original incorrect form. 1040nr tax returns This will happen when your taxpayer identification number is wrong or missing, your name and address are wrong, or you received the wrong type of form (for example, a Form 1099-DIV instead of a Form 1099-INT). 1040nr tax returns One new form you receive will be the same incorrect form or have the same incorrect information, but all money amounts will be zero. 1040nr tax returns This form will have an “X” in the “CORRECTED” box at the top of the form. 1040nr tax returns The second new form should have all the correct information, prepared as though it is the original (the “CORRECTED” box will not be checked). 1040nr tax returns Form Received After Filing If you file your return and you later receive a form for income that you did not include on your return, you should report the income and take credit for any income tax withheld by filing Form 1040X, Amended U. 1040nr tax returns S. 1040nr tax returns Individual Income Tax Return. 1040nr tax returns Separate Returns If you are married but file a separate return, you can take credit only for the tax withheld from your own income. 1040nr tax returns Do not include any amount withheld from your spouse's income. 1040nr tax returns However, different rules may apply if you live in a community property state. 1040nr tax returns Community property states are listed in chapter 2. 1040nr tax returns For more information on these rules, and some exceptions, see Publication 555, Community Property. 1040nr tax returns Fiscal Years If you file your tax return on the basis of a fiscal year (a 12-month period ending on the last day of any month except December), you must follow special rules to determine your credit for federal income tax withholding. 1040nr tax returns For a discussion of how to take credit for withholding on a fiscal year return, see Fiscal Years (FY) in chapter 3 of Publication 505. 1040nr tax returns Estimated Tax Take credit for all your estimated tax payments for 2013 on line 63 of Form 1040 or line 37 of Form 1040A. 1040nr tax returns Include any overpayment from 2012 that you had credited to your 2013 estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns You must use Form 1040 or Form 1040A if you paid estimated tax. 1040nr tax returns You cannot use Form 1040EZ. 1040nr tax returns Name changed. 1040nr tax returns   If you changed your name, and you made estimated tax payments using your old name, attach a brief statement to the front of your paper tax return indicating: When you made the payments, The amount of each payment, Your name when you made the payments, and Your social security number. 1040nr tax returns The statement should cover payments you made jointly with your spouse as well as any you made separately. 1040nr tax returns   Be sure to report the change to the Social Security Administration. 1040nr tax returns This prevents delays in processing your return and issuing any refunds. 1040nr tax returns Separate Returns If you and your spouse made separate estimated tax payments for 2013 and you file separate returns, you can take credit only for your own payments. 1040nr tax returns If you made joint estimated tax payments, you must decide how to divide the payments between your returns. 1040nr tax returns One of you can claim all of the estimated tax paid and the other none, or you can divide it in any other way you agree on. 1040nr tax returns If you cannot agree, you must divide the payments in proportion to each spouse's individual tax as shown on your separate returns for 2013. 1040nr tax returns Divorced Taxpayers If you made joint estimated tax payments for 2013, and you were divorced during the year, either you or your former spouse can claim all of the joint payments, or you each can claim part of them. 1040nr tax returns If you cannot agree on how to divide the payments, you must divide them in proportion to each spouse's individual tax as shown on your separate returns for 2013. 1040nr tax returns If you claim any of the joint payments on your tax return, enter your former spouse's social security number (SSN) in the space provided on the front of Form 1040 or Form 1040A. 1040nr tax returns If you divorced and remarried in 2013, enter your present spouse's SSN in that space and write your former spouse's SSN, followed by “DIV,” to the left of Form 1040, line 63, or Form 1040A, line 37. 1040nr tax returns Underpayment Penalty for 2013 If you did not pay enough tax, either through withholding or by making timely estimated tax payments, you will have an underpayment of estimated tax and you may have to pay a penalty. 1040nr tax returns Generally, you will not have to pay a penalty for 2013 if any of the following apply. 1040nr tax returns The total of your withholding and estimated tax payments was at least as much as your 2012 tax (or 110% of your 2012 tax if your AGI was more than $150,000, $75,000 if your 2013 filing status is married filing separately) and you paid all required estimated tax payments on time. 1040nr tax returns The tax balance due on your 2013 return is no more than 10% of your total 2013 tax, and you paid all required estimated tax payments on time. 1040nr tax returns Your total 2013 tax minus your withholding and refundable credits is less than $1,000. 1040nr tax returns You did not have a tax liability for 2012 and your 2012 tax year was 12 months, or You did not have any withholding taxes and your current year tax less any household employment taxes is less than $1,000. 1040nr tax returns See Publication 505, chapter 4, for a definition of “total tax” for 2012 and 2013. 1040nr tax returns Farmers and fishermen. 1040nr tax returns   Special rules apply if you are a farmer or fisherman. 1040nr tax returns See Farmers and Fishermen in chapter 4 of Publication 505 for more information. 1040nr tax returns IRS can figure the penalty for you. 1040nr tax returns   If you think you owe the penalty but you do not want to figure it yourself when you file your tax return, you may not have to. 1040nr tax returns Generally, the IRS will figure the penalty for you and send you a bill. 1040nr tax returns However, if you think you are able to lower or eliminate your penalty, you must complete Form 2210 or Form 2210-F and attach it to your paper return. 1040nr tax returns See chapter 4 of Publication 505. 1040nr tax returns Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications