File your Taxes for Free!
  • Get your maximum refund*
  • 100% accurate calculations guaranteed*

TurboTax Federal Free Edition - File Taxes Online

Don't let filing your taxes get you down! We'll help make it as easy as possible. With e-file and direct deposit, there's no faster way to get your refund!

Approved TurboTax Affiliate Site. TurboTax and TurboTax Online, among others, are registered trademarks and/or service marks of Intuit Inc. in the United States and other countries. Other parties' trademarks or service marks are the property of the respective owners.


© 2012 - 2018 All rights reserved.

This is an Approved TurboTax Affiliate site. TurboTax and TurboTax Online, among other are registered trademarks and/or service marks of Intuit, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Other parties' trademarks or service marks are the property of the respective owners.
When discussing "Free e-file", note that state e-file is an additional fee. E-file fees do not apply to New York state returns. Prices are subject to change without notice. E-file and get your refund faster
*If you pay an IRS or state penalty or interest because of a TurboTax calculations error, we'll pay you the penalty and interest.
*Maximum Refund Guarantee - or Your Money Back: If you get a larger refund or smaller tax due from another tax preparation method, we'll refund the applicable TurboTax federal and/or state purchase price paid. TurboTax Federal Free Edition customers are entitled to payment of $14.99 and a refund of your state purchase price paid. Claims must be submitted within sixty (60) days of your TurboTax filing date and no later than 6/15/14. E-file, Audit Defense, Professional Review, Refund Transfer and technical support fees are excluded. This guarantee cannot be combined with the TurboTax Satisfaction (Easy) Guarantee. *We're so confident your return will be done right, we guarantee it. Accurate calculations guaranteed. If you pay an IRS or state penalty or interest because of a TurboTax calculations error, we'll pay you the penalty and interest.
https://turbotax.intuit.com/corp/guarantees.jsp

1040ez Filing

H&r Block For MilitaryFree State E File TaxesFree Tax Filing For 2011Free Tax Return FilingWhere To File 1040xTax Amendment1040ez Form For 2014Amend My Tax ReturnFile Last Years TaxesFree 2011 Tax FormsState Tax Preparation FreeHow Can I File My 2011 Tax ReturnAmend 2011 Tax ReturnFree Tax PreparationTax PreparationFile 1040 OnlineCan You File 1040ez OnlineWhen Can I Amend My 2011 Tax ReturnFederal Tax Form 1040 EzHow To Fill Out 1040x FormHow To File State Taxes Online For FreeInternal Revenue Tax Forms 2012My 1040ezFiling TaxesWhere To Find 2011 Tax FormsAmended Tax Return FormFree Online Tax 2010Amend A Tax Return 20114506t Ez FormIowa 1040xTax Amend FormIrs Gov E FileH&r Block Tax Software990 Ez FormFile 1040nr EzH & R Block Free1040ezFile 2005 Taxes FreeNeed To File 2012 Taxes Late1040ez Tax Tables

1040ez Filing

1040ez filing Publication 554 - Additional Material Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
Print - Click this link to Print this page

Plug-In Electric Drive Vehicle Credit (IRC 30D)

Internal Revenue Code Section 30D provides a credit for Qualified Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicles including passenger vehicles and light trucks.  

For vehicles acquired after December 31, 2009, the credit is equal to $2,500 plus, for a vehicle which draws propulsion energy from a battery with at least 5 kilowatt hours of capacity, $417, plus an additional $417 for each kilowatt hour of battery capacity in excess of 5 kilowatt hours. The total amount of the credit allowed for a vehicle is limited to $7,500.

The credit begins to phase out for a manufacturer’s vehicles when at least 200,000 qualifying vehicles have been sold for use in the United States (determined on a cumulative basis for sales after December 31, 2009). For additional information see Notice 2009-89.

Section 30D originally was enacted in the Energy Improvement and Extension Act of 2008. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 amended section 30D effective for vehicles acquired after December 31, 2009.  Section 30D was also modified by the American Taxpayer Relief Act (ATRA) 2013 for certain 2 or 3 wheeled vehicles acquired after December 31, 2011 and before January 1, 2014.

The vehicles must be acquired for use or lease and not for resale. Additionally, the original use of the vehicle must commence with the taxpayer and the vehicle must be used predominantly in the United States. For purposes of the 30D credit, a vehicle is not considered acquired prior to the time when title to the vehicle passes to the taxpayer under state law.

Notice 2009-89 applies to vehicles acquired subsequent to December 31, 2009 and provides procedures that a vehicle manufacturer may use if it chooses to certify that a vehicle meets certain requirements that must be satisfied to claim the Qualified Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Credit and the amount of the credit allowable with respect to that vehicle

Credit Amounts for Qualified Vehicles Acquired After December 31, 2009

Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Credit (IRC 30D) Phase Out
The qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle credit phases out for a manufacturer’s vehicles over the one-year period beginning with the second calendar quarter after the calendar quarter in which at least 200,000 qualifying vehicles manufactured by that manufacturer have been sold for use in the United States (determined on a cumulative basis for sales after December 31, 2009) (“phase-out period”). Qualifying vehicles manufactured by that manufacturer are eligible for 50 percent of the credit if acquired in the first two quarters of the phase-out period and 25 percent of the credit if acquired in the third or fourth quarter of the phase-out period.  Vehicles manufactured by that manufacturer are not eligible for a credit if acquired after the phase-out period.

Quarterly Sales by Manufacturer

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 13-Feb-2014

The 1040ez Filing

1040ez filing Accelerated Cost Recovery System (ACRS) Table of Contents Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: ACRS Defined What Can and Cannot Be Depreciated Under ACRSRecovery Property Nonrecovery Property How To Figure the DeductionUnadjusted Basis Classes of Recovery Property Recovery Periods Alternate ACRS Method (Modified Straight Line Method) ACRS Deduction in Short Tax Year DispositionsEarly dispositions of ACRS property other than 15-, 18-, or 19-year real property. 1040ez filing Dispositions — mass asset accounts. 1040ez filing Early dispositions — 15-year real property. 1040ez filing Early dispositions — 18- and 19-year real property. 1040ez filing Depreciation Recapture Topics - This chapter discusses: The definition of ACRS What can and cannot be depreciated under ACRS How to figure the deduction Dispositions Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 544 Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets 551 Basis of Assets 583 Starting a Business and Keeping Records Form (and Instructions) 3115 Application for Change in Accounting Method 4562 Depreciation and Amortization The Accelerated Cost Recovery System (ACRS) applies to property first used before 1987. 1040ez filing It is the name given to tax rules for getting back (recovering) through depreciation deductions the cost of property used in a trade or business or to produce income. 1040ez filing These rules are mandatory and generally apply to tangible property placed in service after 1980 and before 1987. 1040ez filing If you placed property in service during this period, you must continue to figure your depreciation under ACRS. 1040ez filing If you used listed property placed in service after June 18, 1984, less than 50% for business in 1995, see Predominant Use Test in chapter 3. 1040ez filing Listed property includes cars, other means of transportation, and certain computers. 1040ez filing Any additions or improvements placed in service after 1986, including any components of a building (such as plumbing, wiring, storm windows, etc. 1040ez filing ), are depreciated using MACRS, discussed in chapter 3 of Publication 946. 1040ez filing It does not matter that the underlying property is depreciated under ACRS or one of the other methods. 1040ez filing ACRS Defined ACRS consists of accelerated depreciation methods and an alternate ACRS method that could have been elected. 1040ez filing The alternate ACRS method used a recovery percentage based on a modified straight line method. 1040ez filing The law prescribes fixed percentages to be uses for each class of property. 1040ez filing Property depreciable under ACRS is called recovery property. 1040ez filing The recovery class of property determines the recovery period. 1040ez filing Generally, the class life of property places it in a 3-year, 5-year, 10-year, 15-year, 18-year, or 19-year recovery class. 1040ez filing Under ACRS, the prescribed percentages are used to recover the unadjusted basis of recovery property. 1040ez filing To figure a depreciation deduction, you multiply the prescribed percentage for the recovery class by the unadjusted basis of the recovery property. 1040ez filing You must continue to figure your depreciation under ACRS for property placed in service after 1980 and before 1987. 1040ez filing For property you placed in service after 1986, you must use MACRS, discussed in chapter 3 of Publication 946. 1040ez filing What Can and Cannot Be Depreciated Under ACRS ACRS applies to most depreciable tangible property placed in service after 1980 and before 1987. 1040ez filing It includes new or used and real or personal property. 1040ez filing The property must be for use in a trade or business or for the production of income. 1040ez filing Property you acquired before 1981 or after 1986 is not ACRS recovery property. 1040ez filing For information on depreciating property acquired before 1981, see chapter 2. 1040ez filing For information on depreciating property acquired after 1986, see chapter 3 of Publication 946. 1040ez filing Recovery Property Recovery property under ACRS is tangible depreciable property placed in service after 1980 and before 1987. 1040ez filing It generally includes new or used property that you acquired after 1980 and before 1987 for use in your trade or business or for the production of income. 1040ez filing Nonrecovery Property You cannot use ACRS for property you placed in service before 1981 or after 1986. 1040ez filing Nonrecovery property also includes: Intangible property, Property you elected to exclude from ACRS that is properly depreciated under a method of depreciation that is not based on a term of years, Certain public utility property, and Certain property acquired and excluded from ACRS because of the antichurning rules. 1040ez filing Intangible property. 1040ez filing   Intangible property is not depreciated under ACRS. 1040ez filing Property depreciated under methods not expressed in a term of years. 1040ez filing   Certain property depreciated under a method not expressed in a term of years is not depreciated under ACRS. 1040ez filing This included any property: If you made an irrevocable election to exclude such property, and In the first year that you could have claimed depreciation, you properly used the unit-of-production method or any method of depreciation not expressed in a term of years (not including the retirement-replacement-betterment method). 1040ez filing Public utility property. 1040ez filing   Public utility property for which the taxpayer does not use a normalization method of accounting is excluded from ACRS and is subject to depreciation under a special rule. 1040ez filing Additions or improvements to ACRS property after 1986. 1040ez filing   Any additions or improvements placed in service after 1986, including any components of a building (plumbing, wiring, storm windows, etc. 1040ez filing ) are depreciated using MACRS, discussed in chapter 3 of Publication 946. 1040ez filing It does not matter that the underlying property is depreciated under ACRS or one of the other methods. 1040ez filing How To Figure the Deduction After you determine that your property can be depreciated under ACRS, you are ready to figure your deduction. 1040ez filing Because the conventions are built into the percentage table rates, you only need to know the following: The unadjusted basis of your recovery property, The classes of recovery property, The recovery periods, and Whether to use the prescribed percentages based on accelerated methods or percentages based on using the alternate ACRS method. 1040ez filing Unadjusted Basis To figure your ACRS deduction, you multiply the unadjusted basis in your recovery property by its applicable percentage for the year. 1040ez filing Unadjusted basis is the same amount you would use to figure gain on a sale, but it is figured without taking into account any depreciation taken in earlier years. 1040ez filing However, reduce your original basis by the amount of amortization taken on the property and by any section 179 deduction claimed as discussed in chapter 2 of Publication 946. 1040ez filing If you buy property, your unadjusted basis is usually its cost minus any amortized amount and minus any section 179 deduction elected. 1040ez filing If you acquire property in some other way, such as by inheriting it, getting it as a gift, or building it yourself, you figure your unadjusted basis under other rules. 1040ez filing See Publication 551. 1040ez filing Classes of Recovery Property All recovery property under ACRS is in one of the following classes. 1040ez filing The class for your property was determined when you began to depreciate it. 1040ez filing 3-Year Property 3-year property includes automobiles, light-duty trucks (actual unloaded weight less than 13,000 pounds), and tractor units for use over-the-road. 1040ez filing Race horses over 2 years old when placed in service are 3-year property. 1040ez filing Any other horses over 12 years old when you placed them in service are also included in the 3-year property class. 1040ez filing The ACRS percentages for 3-year recovery property are: Recovery Period Percentage 1st year 25% 2nd year 38% 3rd year 37% If you used the percentages above to depreciate your 3-year recovery property, your property, except for certain passenger automobiles, is fully depreciated. 1040ez filing You cannot claim depreciation for this property after 1988. 1040ez filing 5-Year Property 5-year property includes computers, copiers, and equipment, such as office furniture and fixtures. 1040ez filing It also includes single purpose agricultural or horticultural structures and petroleum storage facilities (other than buildings and their structural components). 1040ez filing The ACRS percentages for 5-year recovery property are: Recovery period Percentage 1st year 15% 2nd year 22% 3rd through 5th year 21% If you used the percentages above to depreciate your 5-year recovery property, it is fully depreciated. 1040ez filing You cannot claim depreciation for this property after 1990. 1040ez filing 10-Year Property 10-year property includes certain real property such as theme-park structures and certain public utility property. 1040ez filing Manufactured homes (including mobile homes) and railroad tank cars are also 10-year property. 1040ez filing You do not treat a building, and its structural components, as 10-year property by reason of a change in use after you placed the property in service. 1040ez filing For example, a building (15-year real property) that was placed in service in 1981 and was converted to a theme-park structure in 1986 remains 15-year real property. 1040ez filing The ACRS percentages for 10-year recovery property are: Recovery Period Percentage 1st year 8% 2nd year 14% 3rd year 12% 4th through 6th year 10% 7th through 10th year 9% If you used the percentages above, you cannot claim depreciation for this property after 1995. 1040ez filing Example. 1040ez filing On April 21, 1986, you bought and placed in service a new mobile home for $26,000 to be used as rental property. 1040ez filing You paid $10,000 cash and signed a note for $16,000 giving you an unadjusted basis of $26,000. 1040ez filing On June 8, 1986, you bought and placed in service a used mobile home for use as rental property at a total cost of $11,500. 1040ez filing The total unadjusted basis of your 10-year recovery property placed in service in 1986 was $37,500 ($26,000 + $11,500). 1040ez filing Your ACRS deduction was $3,000 (8% × $37,500). 1040ez filing In 1987, your ACRS deduction was $5,250 (14% × $37,500). 1040ez filing In 1988, your ACRS deduction was $4,500 (12% × $37,500). 1040ez filing In 1989, 1990, and 1991, your ACRS deduction was $3,750 (10% × $37,500). 1040ez filing In 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995 your deduction for each year is $3,375 (9% × $37,500). 1040ez filing 15-Year Real Property 15-year real property is real property that is recovery property placed in service before March 16, 1984. 1040ez filing It includes all real property, such as buildings, other than that designated as 5-year or 10-year property. 1040ez filing Unlike the 3-, 5-, or 10-year classes of property, the percentages for 15-year real property depend on when you placed the property in service during your tax year. 1040ez filing You could group 15-year real property by month and year placed in service. 1040ez filing In Table 1, at the end of this publication in the Appendix, find the month in your tax year that you placed the property in service in your trade or business or for the production of income. 1040ez filing You use the percentages listed under that month for each year of the recovery period to determine your depreciation deduction each year. 1040ez filing Example. 1040ez filing On March 5, 1984, you placed an apartment building in service in your business. 1040ez filing It is 15-year real property. 1040ez filing After subtracting the value of the land, your unadjusted basis in the building is $250,000. 1040ez filing You use the calendar year as your tax year. 1040ez filing March is the third month of your tax year. 1040ez filing Your ACRS deduction for 1984 was $25,000 (10% × $250,000). 1040ez filing For 1985, the percentage for the third month of the second year of the recovery period is 11%. 1040ez filing Your deduction was $27,500 (11% × $250,000). 1040ez filing For the third, fourth, and fifth years of the recovery period (1986, 1987, and 1988), the percentages are 9%, 8%, and 7%. 1040ez filing For 1989 through 1992, the percentage for the third month is 6%. 1040ez filing Your deduction each year is $15,000 (6% × $250,000). 1040ez filing For 1993, 1994, and 1995, the percentage for the third month is 5%. 1040ez filing Your depreciation deduction is $12,500 (5% × $250,000) for 1993, 1994, and 1995. 1040ez filing Low-Income Housing Low-income housing that was assigned a 15-year recovery period under ACRS includes the following types of property: Federally assisted housing projects where the mortgage is insured under section 221(d)(3) or 236 of the National Housing Act, or housing financed or assisted by direct loan or tax abatement under similar provisions of state or local laws. 1040ez filing Low-income rental housing for which a depreciation deduction for rehabilitation expenditures is allowed. 1040ez filing Low-income rental housing held for occupancy by families or individuals eligible to receive subsidies under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, as amended, or under the provisions of state or local laws that authorize similar subsidies for low-income families. 1040ez filing Housing financed or assisted by direct loan or insured under Title V of the Housing Act of 1949. 1040ez filing The ACRS percentages for low-income housing real property, like the regular 15-year real property percentages, depend on when you placed the property in service. 1040ez filing Find the month in your tax year in Table 2 or 3 at the end of this publication in the Appendix that you first placed the property in service as rental housing. 1040ez filing Use the percentages listed under that month for each year of the recovery period. 1040ez filing Table 2 shows percentages for low-income housing placed in service before May 9, 1985. 1040ez filing Table 3 shows percentages for low-income housing placed in service after May 8, 1985, and before 1987. 1040ez filing Example. 1040ez filing In May 1986, you acquired and placed in service a house that qualified as low-income rental housing under item 3) of the above listing. 1040ez filing You use the calendar year as your tax year. 1040ez filing You use Table C–3 because the property was placed in service after May 8, 1985. 1040ez filing Your unadjusted basis for the property, not including the land, was $59,000. 1040ez filing Your deduction for 1986 through 2001 is shown in the following table. 1040ez filing Year Rate Deduction 1986 8. 1040ez filing 9% $5,251 1987 12. 1040ez filing 1% 7,139 1988 10. 1040ez filing 5% 6,195 1989 9. 1040ez filing 1% 5,369 1990 7. 1040ez filing 9% 4,661 1991 6. 1040ez filing 9% 4,071 1992 5. 1040ez filing 9% 3,481 1993 5. 1040ez filing 2% 3,068 1994 4. 1040ez filing 6% 2,714 1995 4. 1040ez filing 6% 2,714 1996 4. 1040ez filing 6% 2,714 1997 4. 1040ez filing 6% 2,714 1998 4. 1040ez filing 6% 2,714 1999 4. 1040ez filing 5% 2,655 2000 4. 1040ez filing 5% 2,655 2001 1. 1040ez filing 5% 885 18-Year Real Property 18-year real property is real property that is recovery property placed in service after March 15, 1984, and before May 9, 1985. 1040ez filing It includes real property, such as buildings, other than that designated as 5-year, 10-year, 15-year real property, or low-income housing. 1040ez filing The ACRS percentages for 18-year real property depend on when you placed the property in service in your trade or business or for the production of income during your tax year. 1040ez filing There are also tables for 18-year real property in the Appendix. 1040ez filing Table 4 shows the percentages for 18-year real property you placed in service after June 22, 1984, and before May 9, 1985. 1040ez filing Table 5 is for 18-year real property placed in service after March 15, 1984, and before June 23, 1984. 1040ez filing Find the month in your tax year that you placed the property in service in a trade or business or for the production of income. 1040ez filing Use the percentages listed under that month for each year of the recovery period. 1040ez filing Example. 1040ez filing On April 28, 1985, you bought and placed in service a rental house. 1040ez filing The house, not including the land, cost $95,000. 1040ez filing This is your unadjusted basis for the house. 1040ez filing You use the calendar year as your tax year. 1040ez filing Because the house was placed in service after June 22, 1984, and before May 9, 1985, it is 18-year real property. 1040ez filing You use Table 4 to figure your deduction for the house. 1040ez filing April is the fourth month of your tax year. 1040ez filing Your deduction for 1985 through 2003 is shown in the following table. 1040ez filing Year Rate Deduction 1985 7. 1040ez filing 0% $6,650 1986 9. 1040ez filing 0% 8,550 1987 8. 1040ez filing 0% 7,600 1988 7. 1040ez filing 0% 6,650 1989 7. 1040ez filing 0% 6,650 1990 6. 1040ez filing 0% 5,700 1991 5. 1040ez filing 0% 4,750 1992 5. 1040ez filing 0% 4,750 1993 5. 1040ez filing 0% 4,750 1994 5. 1040ez filing 0% 4,750 1995 5. 1040ez filing 0% 4,750 1996 5. 1040ez filing 0% 4,750 1997 5. 1040ez filing 0% 4,750 1998 4. 1040ez filing 0% 3,800 1999 4. 1040ez filing 0% 3,800 2000 4. 1040ez filing 0% 3,800 2001 4. 1040ez filing 0% 3,800 2002 4. 1040ez filing 0% 3,800 2003 1. 1040ez filing 0% 950 19-Year Real Property 19-year real property is real property that is recovery property placed in service after May 8, 1985, and before 1987. 1040ez filing It includes all real property, other than that designated as 5-year, 10-year, 15-year, or 18-year real property, or low-income housing. 1040ez filing The ACRS percentages for 19-year real property depend on when you placed the property in service in a trade or business or for the production of income during your tax year. 1040ez filing Table 6 shows the percentages for 19-year real property. 1040ez filing You find the month in your tax year that you placed the property in service. 1040ez filing You use the percentages listed under that month for each year of the recovery period. 1040ez filing Recovery Periods Each item of recovery property is assigned to a class of property. 1040ez filing The classes of recovery property establish the recovery periods over which the unadjusted basis of items in a class is recovered. 1040ez filing The classes of property are: 3-Year property 5-Year property 10-Year property 15-Year real property Low-income housing 18-Year real property 19-Year real property Alternate ACRS Method (Modified Straight Line Method) ACRS provides an alternate ACRS method that could be elected. 1040ez filing This alternate ACRS method uses a recovery percentage based on a modified straight line method. 1040ez filing This alternate ACRS method generally uses percentages other than those from the tables. 1040ez filing If you elected the alternate ACRS method, you determine the recovery period by using the following schedule. 1040ez filing This schedule is for other than 18- and 19-year real property and low-income housing: In the case of: You could have elected a recovery period of: 3-year property 3, 5, or 12 years 5-year property 5, 12, or 25 years 15-year real property 15, 35, or 45 years Percentages. 1040ez filing   The straight-line percentages for the alternate ACRS method are: Recovery Period Percentage 5 years 20. 1040ez filing 00% 10 years 10. 1040ez filing 00% 12 years 8. 1040ez filing 333% 15 years 6. 1040ez filing 667% 25 years 4. 1040ez filing 00% 35 years 2. 1040ez filing 857%   You apply the percentage to the unadjusted basis(defined earlier) of the property to figure your ACRS deduction. 1040ez filing There are tables for 18- and 19-year real property later in this publication in the Appendix. 1040ez filing For 15-year real property, see 15-year real property, later. 1040ez filing 3-, 5-, and 10-year property. 1040ez filing   If you elected to use an alternate recovery percentage, you have to use the same recovery percentage for all property in that class that you placed in service in that tax year. 1040ez filing This applies throughout the recovery period you selected. 1040ez filing Half-year convention. 1040ez filing   If you elected the alternate method, only a half-year of depreciation was deducted for the year you placed the property in service. 1040ez filing This applied regardless of when in the tax year you placed the property in service. 1040ez filing For each of the remaining years in the recovery period, you take a full year's deduction. 1040ez filing If you hold the property for the entire recovery period, a half-year of depreciation is allowable for the year following the end of the recovery period. 1040ez filing Example. 1040ez filing You operate a small upholstery business. 1040ez filing On March 19, 1986, you bought and placed in service a $13,000 light-duty panel truck to be used in your business and a $500 electric saw. 1040ez filing You elected to use the alternate ACRS method. 1040ez filing You did not elect to take a section 179 deduction. 1040ez filing You decided to recover the cost of the truck, which is 3-year recovery property, over 5 years. 1040ez filing The saw is 5-year property, but you decided to recover its cost over 12 years. 1040ez filing For 1986, your ACRS deduction reflected the half-year convention. 1040ez filing In the first year, you deducted half of the amount determined for a full year. 1040ez filing Your ACRS deduction for 1986 is as follows: Light-duty truck   5 years straight line = 20% 20% ÷ $13,000 = $2,600 Half-year convention -½ of $2,600= $1,300. 1040ez filing 00     Electric saw   12 years straight line = 8. 1040ez filing 333% 8. 1040ez filing 333% ÷ $500 = $41. 1040ez filing 67 Half-year convention -½ of $41. 1040ez filing 67= 20. 1040ez filing 84 Total ACRS deduction for 1986 $1,320. 1040ez filing 84       You take a full year of depreciation for both the truck and the saw for the years 1987 through 1990. 1040ez filing Your ACRS deduction for each of those years is as follows: Light-duty truck   5 years straight line = 20% 20% ÷ $13,000 = $2,600     Electric saw     12 years straight line = 8. 1040ez filing 333% 8. 1040ez filing 333% ÷ $500 = $41. 1040ez filing 67 Total annual ACRS deduction for 1987 through 1990 $2,641. 1040ez filing 67       In 1991, you take a half-year of depreciation for the truck and a full year of depreciation for the saw. 1040ez filing Your ACRS deduction for 1991 is as follows: Light-duty truck   5 years straight line = 20% 20% ÷ $13,000 = $2,600 Half-year convention -½ of $2,600= $1,300. 1040ez filing 00     Electric saw   12 years straight line = 8. 1040ez filing 333% 8. 1040ez filing 333% ÷ $500 = $41. 1040ez filing 67 Total ACRS deduction for 1991 $1,341. 1040ez filing 67       The truck is fully depreciated after 1991. 1040ez filing You take a full year of depreciation for the saw for the years 1992 through 1997. 1040ez filing Your ACRS deduction for each of those years is as follows: Electric saw     12 years straight line = 8. 1040ez filing 333% 8. 1040ez filing 333% ÷ $500 = $41. 1040ez filing 67 Total annual ACRS deduction for 1992 through 1997 $41. 1040ez filing 67       You take a half-year of depreciation for the saw for 1998. 1040ez filing Your ACRS deduction for 1998 is as follows: Electric saw   12 years straight line = 8. 1040ez filing 333% 8. 1040ez filing 333% ÷ $500 = $41. 1040ez filing 67 Half-year convention -½ of $41. 1040ez filing 67= 20. 1040ez filing 84 Total ACRS deduction for 1998 $20. 1040ez filing 84       The saw is fully depreciated after 1998. 1040ez filing 15-year real property. 1040ez filing   Under ACRS, you could also elect to use the alternate ACRS method for 15-year real property. 1040ez filing The alternate ACRS method allows you to depreciate your 15-year real property using the straight line ACRS method over the alternate recovery periods of 15, 35, or 45 years. 1040ez filing If you selected a 15-year recovery period, you use the percentage (6. 1040ez filing 667%) from the schedule above. 1040ez filing You prorate this percentage for the number of months the property was in service in the first year. 1040ez filing If you selected a 35- or 45-year recovery period, you use either Table 11 or 15. 1040ez filing Alternate periods for 18-year real property. 1040ez filing   For 18-year real property, the alternate recovery periods are 18, 35, or 45 years. 1040ez filing The percentages for 18-year real property under the alternate method are in Tables 7, 8, 10, 11, 14, and 15 in the Appendix. 1040ez filing There are two tables for each alternate recovery period. 1040ez filing One table shows the percentage for property placed in service after June 22, 1984. 1040ez filing The other table has the percentages for property placed in service after March 15, 1984, and before June 23, 1984. 1040ez filing Alternate periods for 19-year real property. 1040ez filing   For 19-year real property, the alternate recovery periods are 19, 35, or 45 years. 1040ez filing If you selected a 19-year recovery period, use Table 9 to determine your deduction. 1040ez filing If you select a 35- or 45-year recovery period, use either Table 13 or 14. 1040ez filing Example. 1040ez filing You placed in service an apartment building on August 3, 1986. 1040ez filing The building is 19-year real property. 1040ez filing The sales contract allocated $300,000 to the building and $100,000 to the land. 1040ez filing You use the calendar year as your tax year. 1040ez filing You chose the alternate ACRS method over a recovery period of 35 years. 1040ez filing For 1986, you figure your ACRS deduction usingTable 13. 1040ez filing August is the eighth month of your tax year. 1040ez filing The percentage from Table 13 for the eighth month is 1. 1040ez filing 1%. 1040ez filing Your deduction was $3,300 ($300,000 ÷ 1. 1040ez filing 1%). 1040ez filing The deduction rate from ACRS Table 13 for years 2 through 20 is 2. 1040ez filing 9% so that your deduction in 1987 through 2005 is $8,700 ($300,000 ÷ 2. 1040ez filing 9%). 1040ez filing Alternate periods for low-income housing. 1040ez filing   For low-income housing, the alternate recovery periods are 15, 35, or 45 years. 1040ez filing If you selected a 15-year period for this property, use 6. 1040ez filing 667% as the percentage. 1040ez filing If you selected a 35- or 45-year period, use either Table 11, 12, or 15. 1040ez filing Election. 1040ez filing   You had to make the election to use the alternate ACRS method by the return due date (including extensions) for the tax year you placed the property in service. 1040ez filing Revocation of election. 1040ez filing   Your election to use an alternate ACRS method, once made, can be changed only with the consent of the Commissioner. 1040ez filing The Commissioner grants consent only in extraordinary circumstances. 1040ez filing Any request for a revocation will be considered a request for a ruling. 1040ez filing ACRS Deduction in Short Tax Year For a tax year that is less than 12 months, the ACRS deduction is prorated on a 12-month basis. 1040ez filing Figure the amount of the ACRS deduction for a short tax year as follows: First, you figure the ACRS deduction for a full year. 1040ez filing You figure this by multiplying the unadjusted basis by the recovery percentage. 1040ez filing You then multiply the ACRS deduction determined for a full tax year by a fraction. 1040ez filing The numerator (top number) of the fraction is the number of months in the short tax year and the denominator (bottom number) is 12. 1040ez filing For example, a corporation placed in service in June 1986 an item of 3-year property with an unadjusted basis of $10,000. 1040ez filing The corporation files a tax return, because of a change in its accounting period, for the 6-month short tax year ending June 30, 1986. 1040ez filing The full year's ACRS deduction for this item is $2,500 ($10,000 ÷ 25%), the first year percentage from the 3-year table. 1040ez filing The ACRS deduction for the short tax year is $1,250 ($2,500 ÷ 6/12). 1040ez filing You use the full ACRS percentages during the remaining years of the recovery period. 1040ez filing For the first tax year after the recovery period, the unrecovered basis will be deductible. 1040ez filing Exception. 1040ez filing   For the tax year in which you placed 15-, 18-, or 19-year real property in service or in the tax year you dispose of it, you compute the ACRS deduction for the number of months that the property is in service during that tax year. 1040ez filing You compute the number of months using either a full month or mid-month convention. 1040ez filing This is true regardless of the number of months in the tax year and the recovery period and method used. 1040ez filing Dispositions A disposition is the permanent withdrawal of property from use in your trade or business or in the production of income. 1040ez filing You can make a withdrawal by sale, exchange, retirement, abandonment, or destruction. 1040ez filing You generally recognize gain or loss on the disposition of an asset by sale. 1040ez filing However, nonrecognition rules can allow you to postpone some gain. 1040ez filing See Publication 544. 1040ez filing If you physically abandon property, you can deduct as a loss the adjusted basis of the asset at the time of its abandonment. 1040ez filing Your intent must be to discard the asset so that you will not use it again or retrieve it for sale, exchange, or other disposition. 1040ez filing Early dispositions. 1040ez filing   The disposal of an asset before the end of its specified recovery period, is referred to as an early disposition. 1040ez filing When an early disposition occurs, the depreciation deduction in the year of disposition depends on the class of property involved. 1040ez filing Early dispositions of ACRS property other than 15-, 18-, or 19-year real property. 1040ez filing   Generally, you get no ACRS deduction for the tax year in which you dispose of or retire recovery property, except for 15-, 18-, and 19-year real property. 1040ez filing This means there is no depreciation deduction under ACRS in the year you dispose of or retire any of your 3-, 5-, or 10-year recovery property. 1040ez filing Dispositions — mass asset accounts. 1040ez filing   The law provides a special rule to avoid the calculation of gain on the disposition of assets from mass asset accounts. 1040ez filing A mass asset account includes items usually minor in value in relation to the group, numerous in quantity, impractical to separately identify, and not usually accounted for on a separate basis, but on a total dollar value. 1040ez filing Examples of mass assets include minor items of office, plant, and store furniture and fixtures. 1040ez filing   Under the special rule, if you elected to use a mass asset account, you recognize gain to the extent of the proceeds from the disposition of the asset. 1040ez filing You leave the unadjusted basis of the property in the account until recovered in future years. 1040ez filing If you did this, include the total proceeds realized from the disposition in income on the tax return for the year of disposition. 1040ez filing Early dispositions — 15-year real property. 1040ez filing   If you dispose of 15-year real property, you base your ACRS deduction for the year of disposition on the number of months in use. 1040ez filing You use a full-month convention. 1040ez filing For a disposition at any time during a particular month before the end of the recovery period, no deduction is allowed for the month of disposition. 1040ez filing This applies whether you use the regular ACRS method or elected the alternate ACRS method. 1040ez filing Example. 1040ez filing You purchased and placed in service a rental house on March 2, 1984, for $98,000 (not including the cost of land). 1040ez filing You file your return based on a calendar year. 1040ez filing Your rate from Table 1 for the third month is 10%. 1040ez filing Your ACRS deduction for 1984 was $9,800 ($98. 1040ez filing 000 ÷ 10%). 1040ez filing For 1985 through 1988, you figured your ACRS deductions using 11%, 9%, 8%, and 7% ÷ $98,000. 1040ez filing For 1989 through 1992, you figured your ACRS deductions using 6% for each year. 1040ez filing The deduction each year was $98,000 ÷ 6%. 1040ez filing For 1993 and 1994, the ACRS deduction is ($98,000 ÷ 5%) $4,900 for each year. 1040ez filing You sell the house on June 1, 1995. 1040ez filing You figure your ACRS deduction for 1995 for the full year and then prorate that amount for the months of use. 1040ez filing The full ACRS deduction for 1995 is $4,900 ($98,000 ÷ 5%). 1040ez filing You then prorate this amount to the 5 months in 1995 during which it was rented. 1040ez filing Your ACRS deduction for 1995 is $2,042 ($4,900 ÷ 5/12). 1040ez filing Early dispositions — 18- and 19-year real property. 1040ez filing   If you dispose of 18- or 19-year real property, you base your ACRS deduction for the year of disposition on the number of months in use. 1040ez filing For 18-year property placed in service before June 23, 1984, use a full-month convention on a disposition. 1040ez filing For 18-year property placed in service after June 22, 1984, and for 19-year property, determine the number of months in use by using the mid-month convention. 1040ez filing Under the mid-month convention,treat real property disposed of any time during a month as disposed of in the middle of that month. 1040ez filing Count the month of disposition as half a month of use. 1040ez filing Example. 1040ez filing You purchased and placed in service a rental house on July 2, 1984, for $100,000 (not including the cost of land). 1040ez filing You file your return based on a calendar year. 1040ez filing Your rate from Table 4 for the seventh month is 4%. 1040ez filing You figured your ACRS deduction for 1984 was $4,000 ($100,000 ÷ 4%). 1040ez filing In 1985 through 1994, your ACRS deductions were 9%, 8%, 8%, 7%, 6%, 6%, 5%, 5%, and 5% ÷ $100,000. 1040ez filing You sell the house on September 24, 1995. 1040ez filing Figure your ACRS deduction for 1995 for the months of use. 1040ez filing The full ACRS deduction for 1995 is $5,000 ($100,000 ÷ 5%). 1040ez filing Prorate this amount for the 8. 1040ez filing 5 months in 1995 that you held the property. 1040ez filing Under the mid-month convention, you count September as half a month. 1040ez filing Your ACRS deduction for 1995 is $3,542 ($5,000 ÷ 8. 1040ez filing 5/12). 1040ez filing Depreciation Recapture If you dispose of property depreciated under ACRS that is section 1245 recovery property, you will generally recognize gain or loss. 1040ez filing Gain recognized on a disposition is ordinary income to the extent of prior depreciation deductions taken. 1040ez filing This recapture rule applies to all personal property in the 3-year, 5-year, and 10-year classes. 1040ez filing You recapture gain on manufactured homes and theme park structures in the 10-year class as section 1245 property. 1040ez filing Section 1245 property generally includes all personal property. 1040ez filing See Section 1245 property in chapter 4 of Publication 544 for more information. 1040ez filing You treat dispositions of section 1250 real property on which you have a gain as section 1245 recovery property. 1040ez filing You recognize gain on this property as ordinary income to the extent of prior depreciation deductions taken. 1040ez filing Section 1250 property includes most real property. 1040ez filing See Section 1250 property in chapter 4 of Publication 544 for more information. 1040ez filing This rule applies to all section 1250 real property except the following property: Any 15-, 18-, or 19-year real property that is residential rental property. 1040ez filing Any 15-, 18-, or 19-year real property that you elected to depreciate using the alternate ACRS method. 1040ez filing Any 15-, 18-, or 19-year real property that is subsidized low-income housing. 1040ez filing For these recapture rules, you treat the section 179 deduction and 50% of the investment credit that reduced your basis as depreciation. 1040ez filing See Publication 544 for further discussion of dispositions of section 1245 and 1250 property. 1040ez filing Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications