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1040es

Free Tax SoftwareTurbotax 2011Free 2012 Tax FilingFree 1040 Ez1040ez Tax TableTax ChartWhere To File State Taxes Online For FreeTax Cut 2011 Software1040ez Tax Form And BookletAmended Irs Tax FormsFile Taxes Free State And FederalTax Planning Us 1040aWhere Can I File Free State TaxesWww Irs Gov Form1040xNeed 2009 TaxesFree Online Tax Extension FormForm1040xFile 2012 Taxes Online FreeH&r Block Free2009 1040x1040ez CalculatorE-file State Tax OnlyHrblock Apply Tax Extension FreeFile 2011 Income TaxStatetaxformsFree 2010 Tax Forms1040nr CalculatorTaxcut ComFile Amended Tax Return Online2012 1040ezW1040H&r Block File 2010 TaxesFiling Prior Year Tax ReturnsFile 2012 Taxes Tax PreparerHow Do You Amend Your TaxesState Tax FormState Tax ReturnFree Online State TaxesHow To File Amended Tax Return For 2011Form1040x

1040es

1040es Index A Additional Medicare Tax, Reminders, Additional Medicare Tax withholding. 1040es Adjustments, Reporting Adjustments to Form 941-SS, 944-SS, 944, or 943 Agricultural labor, Deposits. 1040es Aliens, nonresidents, Deposits. 1040es Assistance (see Tax help) C Calendar, Calendar Comments on publication, Comments and suggestions. 1040es Common-law employee, Employee status under common law. 1040es Corrected wage and tax statement, Correcting Forms W-2AS, W-2CM, W-2GU, W-2VI, and Form W-3SS. 1040es Crew leaders, Farm Crew Leaders Current period adjustments, Current Period Adjustments D Deposit How to deposit, How To Deposit Penalties, Deposit Penalties Period, Deposit Period Requirements, 8. 1040es Depositing Taxes Rules $100,000 next-day deposit, $100,000 Next-Day Deposit Rule Accuracy of deposits, Accuracy of Deposits Rule Schedules Monthly, Monthly Deposit Schedule Semiweekly, Semiweekly Deposit Schedule When to deposit, When To Deposit E Electronic deposits, Electronic deposit requirement. 1040es Electronic filing and payment, Reminders Employee, 2. 1040es Who Are Employees? Employer identification number (EIN), 1. 1040es Employer Identification Number (EIN) F Family employees, Deposits. 1040es Farm crew leaders, Farm Crew Leaders Farmworkers, 6. 1040es Social Security and Medicare Taxes for Farmworkers, Employers of farmworkers. 1040es Federal employees, Deposits. 1040es Fishing, Deposits. 1040es Form, Calendar, Lookback period for employers of nonfarm workers. 1040es 4070, 5. 1040es Tips 4070A, 5. 1040es Tips 8274, Deposits. 1040es 940, Calendar 941-SS, Calendar, Current Period Adjustments 941-X, Adjustments to lookback period taxes. 1040es 943, Calendar 943-X, Adjustments to lookback period taxes. 1040es 944-X, Adjustments to lookback period taxes. 1040es Schedule H (Form 1040), Household employers reporting social security and Medicare taxes. 1040es SS-4, 1. 1040es Employer Identification Number (EIN) SS-5, Reminders, Employee's social security card. 1040es SS-8, IRS help. 1040es W-2c, Employee's social security card. 1040es , Correcting Forms W-2AS, W-2CM, W-2GU, W-2VI, and Form W-3SS. 1040es Fringe benefits, Fringe Benefits, Deposits. 1040es FUTA tax, 11. 1040es Federal Unemployment (FUTA) Tax—U. 1040es S. 1040es Virgin Islands Employers Only G Government employees, nonfederal, Deposits. 1040es Group-term life insurance, Deposits. 1040es H Help (see Tax help) Hiring new employees, Reminders Homeworkers, Deposits. 1040es Hospital interns, Deposits. 1040es Household employers, Household employers reporting social security and Medicare taxes. 1040es Household workers, Household employers reporting social security and Medicare taxes. 1040es , Deposits. 1040es How to deposit, How To Deposit I Insurance agents, Deposits. 1040es IRS help (employee v. 1040es subcontractor), IRS help. 1040es L Lookback period Farmworkers, Lookback period for employers of farmworkers. 1040es Nonfarm workers, Lookback period for employers of nonfarm workers. 1040es M Meals and lodging, Deposits. 1040es Ministers, Deposits. 1040es Monthly deposit schedule, Monthly Deposit Schedule Moving expenses, Deposits. 1040es N Newspaper delivery, Deposits. 1040es Noncash payments, Deposits. 1040es Nonprofit organizations, Deposits. 1040es P Partners, Deposits. 1040es Penalties, Deposit Penalties Pension plans, Deposits. 1040es Prior period adjustments, Prior Period Adjustments Private delivery services, Reminders Publications (see Tax help) R Recordkeeping, Reminders Religious orders, Deposits. 1040es Retirement and pension plans, Deposits. 1040es S Salespersons, Deposits. 1040es Scholarships and fellowships, Deposits. 1040es Semiweekly deposit schedule, Semiweekly Deposit Schedule Severance pay, Deposits. 1040es Sick pay, Sick pay. 1040es , Sick pay payments. 1040es , Deposits. 1040es Social security number (SSN), 3. 1040es Employee's Social Security Number (SSN) Statutory employee, Statutory employees. 1040es Statutory nonemployee, Statutory nonemployees. 1040es Students, Deposits. 1040es Suggestions for publication, Comments and suggestions. 1040es Supplemental unemployment compensation benefits, Deposits. 1040es T Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Tax Help, Tax help. 1040es Taxes paid by employer, Employee's portion of taxes paid by employer. 1040es Tips, 5. 1040es Tips, Deposits. 1040es Travel and business expenses, Travel and business expenses. 1040es Trust fund recovery penalty, Trust fund recovery penalty. 1040es W Wage and Tax Statement, 10. 1040es Wage and Tax Statements Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications
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The 1040es

1040es Publication 1212 - Main Content Table of Contents Definitions Debt Instruments on the OID List Debt Instruments Not on the OID List Information for Brokers and Other MiddlemenShort-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity Long-Term Debt Instruments Certificates of Deposit Bearer Bonds and Coupons Backup Withholding Information for Owners of OID Debt InstrumentsExceptions. 1040es Adjustment for premium. 1040es Adjustment for acquisition premium. 1040es Adjustment for market discount. 1040es Form 1099-OID How To Report OID Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons How To Get Tax HelpLow Income Taxpayer Clinics Definitions The following terms are used throughout this publication. 1040es “Original issue discount” is defined first. 1040es The other terms are listed alphabetically. 1040es Original issue discount (OID). 1040es   OID is a form of interest. 1040es It is the excess of a debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity over its issue price (acquisition price for a stripped bond or coupon). 1040es Zero coupon bonds and debt instruments that pay no stated interest until maturity are examples of debt instruments that have OID. 1040es Accrual period. 1040es   An accrual period is an interval of time used to measure OID. 1040es The length of an accrual period can be 6 months, a year, or some other period, depending on when the debt instrument was issued. 1040es Acquisition premium. 1040es   Acquisition premium is the excess of a debt instrument's adjusted basis immediately after purchase, including purchase at original issue, over the debt instrument's adjusted issue price at that time. 1040es A debt instrument does not have acquisition premium, however, if the debt instrument was purchased at a premium. 1040es See Premium, later. 1040es Adjusted issue price. 1040es   The adjusted issue price of a debt instrument at the beginning of an accrual period is used to figure the OID allocable to that period. 1040es In general, the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the debt instrument's first accrual period is its issue price. 1040es The adjusted issue price at the beginning of any subsequent accrual period is the sum of the issue price and all the OID includible in income before that accrual period minus any payment previously made on the debt instrument, other than a payment of qualified stated interest. 1040es Debt instrument. 1040es   The term “debt instrument” means any instrument or contractual arrangement that constitutes indebtedness under general principles of federal income tax law (including, for example, a bond, debenture, note, certificate, or other evidence of indebtedness). 1040es It generally does not include an annuity contract. 1040es Issue price. 1040es   For debt instruments listed in Section I-A and Section I-B, the issue price generally is the initial offering price to the public (excluding bond houses and brokers) at which a substantial amount of these instruments was sold. 1040es Market discount. 1040es   Market discount arises when a debt instrument purchased in the secondary market has decreased in value since its issue date, generally because of an increase in interest rates. 1040es An OID debt instrument has market discount if your adjusted basis in the debt instrument immediately after you acquired it (usually its purchase price) was less than the debt instrument's issue price plus the total OID that accrued before you acquired it. 1040es The market discount is the difference between the issue price plus accrued OID and your adjusted basis. 1040es Premium. 1040es   A debt instrument is purchased at a premium if its adjusted basis immediately after purchase is greater than the total of all amounts payable on the debt instrument after the purchase date, other than qualified stated interest. 1040es The premium is the excess of the adjusted basis over the payable amounts. 1040es See Publication 550 for information on the tax treatment of bond premium. 1040es Qualified stated interest. 1040es   In general, qualified stated interest is stated interest that is unconditionally payable in cash or property (other than debt instruments of the issuer) at least annually over the term of the debt instrument at a single fixed rate. 1040es Stated redemption price at maturity. 1040es   A debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity is the sum of all amounts (principal and interest) payable on the debt instrument other than qualified stated interest. 1040es Yield to maturity (YTM). 1040es   In general, the YTM is the discount rate that, when used in figuring the present value of all principal and interest payments, produces an amount equal to the issue price of the debt instrument. 1040es The YTM is generally shown on the face of the debt instrument or in the literature you receive from your broker. 1040es If you do not have this information, consult your broker, tax advisor, or the issuer. 1040es Debt Instruments on the OID List The OID list on the IRS website can be used by brokers and other middlemen to prepare information returns. 1040es If you own a listed debt instrument, you generally should not rely on the information in the OID list to determine (or compare) the OID to be reported on your tax return. 1040es The OID amounts listed are figured without reference to the price or date at which you acquired the debt instrument. 1040es For information about determining the OID to be reported on your tax return, see the instructions for figuring OID under Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments, later. 1040es The following discussions explain what information is contained in each section of the list. 1040es Section I. 1040es   This section contains publicly offered, long-term debt instruments. 1040es Section I-A: Corporate Debt Instruments Issued Before 1985. 1040es Section I-B: Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After 1984. 1040es Section I-C: Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments. 1040es For each publicly offered debt instrument in Section I, the list contains the following information. 1040es The name of the issuer. 1040es The Committee on Uniform Security Identification Procedures (CUSIP) number. 1040es The issue date. 1040es The maturity date. 1040es The issue price expressed as a percent of principal or of stated redemption price at maturity. 1040es The annual stated or coupon interest rate. 1040es (This rate is shown as 0. 1040es 00 if no annual interest payments are provided. 1040es ) The yield to maturity will be added to Section I-B for bonds issued after December 31, 2006. 1040es The total OID accrued up to January 1 of a calendar year. 1040es (This information is not available for every instrument. 1040es ) For long-term debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, the daily OID for the accrual periods falling in a calendar year and a subsequent year. 1040es The total OID per $1,000 of principal or maturity value for a calendar year and a subsequent year. 1040es Section II. 1040es   This section contains stripped coupons and principal components of U. 1040es S. 1040es Treasury and Government-Sponsored Enterprise debt instruments. 1040es These stripped components are available through the Department of the Treasury's Separate Trading of Registered Interest and Principal of Securities (STRIPS) program and government-sponsored enterprises such as the Resolution Funding Corporation. 1040es This section also includes debt instruments backed by U. 1040es S. 1040es Treasury securities that represent ownership interests in those securities. 1040es   The obligations listed in Section II are arranged by maturity date. 1040es The amounts listed are the total OID for a calendar year per $1,000 of redemption price. 1040es Section III. 1040es   This section contains short-term discount obligations. 1040es Section III-A: Short-Term U. 1040es S. 1040es Treasury Bills. 1040es Section III-B: Federal Home Loan Banks. 1040es Section III-C: Federal National Mortgage Association. 1040es Section III-D: Federal Farm Credit Banks. 1040es Section III-E: Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation. 1040es Section III-F: Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation. 1040es    Information that supplements Section III-A is available on the Internet at http://www. 1040es treasurydirect. 1040es gov/tdhome. 1040es htm. 1040es   The short-term obligations listed in this section are arranged by maturity date. 1040es For each obligation, the list contains the CUSIP number, maturity date, issue date, issue price (expressed as a percent of principal), and discount to be reported as interest for a calendar year per $1,000 of redemption price. 1040es Brokers and other middlemen should rely on the issue price information in Section III only if they are unable to determine the price actually paid by the owner. 1040es Debt Instruments Not on the OID List The list of debt instruments discussed earlier does not contain the following items. 1040es U. 1040es S. 1040es savings bonds. 1040es Certificates of deposit and other face-amount certificates issued at a discount, including syndicated certificates of deposit. 1040es Obligations issued by tax-exempt organizations. 1040es OID debt instruments that matured or were entirely called by the issuer before the tables were posted on the IRS website. 1040es Mortgage-backed securities and mortgage participation certificates. 1040es Long-term OID debt instruments issued before May 28, 1969. 1040es Short-term obligations, other than the obligations listed in Section III. 1040es Debt instruments issued at a discount by states or their political subdivisions. 1040es REMIC regular interests and CDOs. 1040es Commercial paper and banker's acceptances issued at a discount. 1040es Obligations issued at a discount by individuals. 1040es Foreign obligations not traded in the United States and obligations not issued in the United States. 1040es Information for Brokers and Other Middlemen The following discussions contain specific instructions for brokers and middlemen who hold or redeem a debt instrument for the owner. 1040es In general, you must file a Form 1099 for the debt instrument if the interest or OID to be included in the owner's income for a calendar year totals $10 or more. 1040es You also must file a Form 1099 if you were required to deduct and withhold tax, even if the interest or OID is less than $10. 1040es See Backup Withholding, later. 1040es If you must file a Form 1099, furnish a copy to the owner of the debt instrument by January 31 in the year it is due. 1040es File all your Forms 1099 with the IRS, accompanied by Form 1096, by February 28 in the year it is due (March 31 if you file electronically). 1040es Electronic payee statements. 1040es   You can issue Form 1099-OID electronically with the consent of the recipient. 1040es More information. 1040es   For more information, including penalties for failure to file (or furnish) required information returns or statements, see the General Instructions for Certain Information Returns (Forms 1098, 1099, 3921, 3922, 5498, and W-2G) for the appropriate calendar year. 1040es Short-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity If you redeem a short-term discount obligation for the owner at maturity, you must report the discount as interest on Form 1099-INT. 1040es To figure the discount, use the purchase price shown on the owner's copy of the purchase confirmation receipt or similar record, or the price shown in your transaction records. 1040es If you sell the obligation for the owner before maturity, you must file Form 1099-B to reflect the gross proceeds to the seller. 1040es Do not report the accrued discount to the date of sale on either Form 1099-INT or Form 1099-OID. 1040es If the owner's purchase price cannot be determined, figure the discount as if the owner had purchased the obligation at its original issue price. 1040es A special rule is used to determine the original issue price for information reporting on U. 1040es S. 1040es Treasury bills (T-bills) listed in Section III-A. 1040es Under this rule, you treat as the original issue price of the T-bill the noncompetitive (weighted average of accepted auction bids) discount price for the longest-maturity T-bill maturing on the same date as the T-bill being redeemed. 1040es This noncompetitive discount price is the issue price (expressed as a percent of principal) shown in Section III-A. 1040es A similar rule is used to figure the discount on short-term discount obligations issued by the organizations listed in Section III-B through Section III-F. 1040es Example 1. 1040es There are 13-week and 26-week T-bills maturing on the same date as the T-bill being redeemed. 1040es The price actually paid by the owner cannot be established by owner or middleman records. 1040es You treat as the issue price of the T-bill the noncompetitive discount price (expressed as a percent of principal) shown in Section III-A for a 26-week bill maturing on the same date as the T-bill redeemed. 1040es The interest you report on Form 1099-INT is the OID (per $1,000 of principal) shown in Section III-A for that obligation. 1040es Long-Term Debt Instruments If you hold a long-term OID debt instrument as a nominee for the true owner, you generally must file Form 1099-OID. 1040es For this purpose, you can rely on Section I of the OID list to determine the following information. 1040es Whether a debt instrument has OID. 1040es The OID to be reported on the Form 1099-OID. 1040es In general, you must report OID on publicly offered, long-term debt instruments listed in Section I. 1040es You also can report OID on other long-term debt instruments. 1040es Form 1099-OID. 1040es   On Form 1099-OID for a calendar year show the following information. 1040es Box 1. 1040es The OID for the actual dates the owner held the debt instruments during a calendar year. 1040es To determine this amount, see Figuring OID, next. 1040es Box 2. 1040es The qualified stated interest paid or credited during the calendar year. 1040es Interest reported here is not reported on Form 1099-INT. 1040es The qualified stated interest on Treasury inflation-protected securities may be reported on Form 1099-INT in box 3 instead. 1040es Box 3. 1040es Any interest or principal forfeited because of an early withdrawal that the owner can deduct from gross income. 1040es Do not reduce the amounts in boxes 1 and 2 by the forfeiture. 1040es Box 4. 1040es Any backup withholding for this debt instrument. 1040es Box 7. 1040es The CUSIP number, if any. 1040es If there is no CUSIP number, give a description of the debt instrument, including the abbreviation for the stock exchange, the abbreviation used by the stock exchange for the issuer, the coupon rate, and the year of maturity (for example, NYSE XYZ 12. 1040es 50 2006). 1040es If the issuer of the debt instrument is other than the payer, show the name of the issuer in this box. 1040es Box 8. 1040es The OID on a U. 1040es S. 1040es Treasury obligation for the part of the year the owner held the debt instrument. 1040es Box 9. 1040es Investment expenses passed on to holders of a single-class REMIC. 1040es Boxes 10-12. 1040es Use to report any state income tax withheld for this debt instrument. 1040es Figuring OID. 1040es   You can determine the OID on a long-term debt instrument by using either of the following. 1040es Section I of the OID list. 1040es The income tax regulations. 1040es Using Section I. 1040es   If the owner held the debt instrument for the entire calendar year, report the OID shown in Section I for the calendar year. 1040es Because OID is listed for each $1,000 of stated redemption price at maturity, you must adjust the listed amount to reflect the debt instrument's actual stated redemption price at maturity. 1040es For example, if the debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity is $500, report one-half the listed OID. 1040es   If the owner held the debt instrument for less than the entire calendar year, figure the OID to report as follows. 1040es Look up the daily OID for the first accrual period in the calendar year during which the owner held the debt instrument. 1040es Multiply the daily OID by the number of days the owner held the debt instrument during that accrual period. 1040es Repeat steps (1) and (2) for any remaining accrual periods for the year during which the owner held the debt instrument. 1040es Add the results in steps (2) and (3) to determine the owner's OID per $1,000 of stated redemption price at maturity. 1040es If necessary, adjust the OID in (4) to reflect the debt instrument's stated redemption price at maturity. 1040es Report the result on Form 1099-OID in box 1. 1040es Using the income tax regulations. 1040es   Instead of using Section I to figure OID, you can use the regulations under sections 1272 through 1275 of the Internal Revenue Code. 1040es For example, under the regulations, you can use monthly accrual periods in figuring OID for a debt instrument issued after April 3, 1994, that provides for monthly payments. 1040es (If you use Section I-B, the OID is figured using 6-month accrual periods. 1040es )   For a general explanation of the rules for figuring OID under the regulations, see Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments under Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments, later. 1040es Certificates of Deposit If you hold a bank certificate of deposit (CD) as a nominee, you must determine whether the CD has OID and any OID includible in the income of the owner. 1040es You must file an information return showing the reportable interest and OID, if any, on the CD. 1040es These rules apply whether or not you sold the CD to the owner. 1040es Report OID on a CD in the same way as OID on other debt instruments. 1040es See Short-Term Obligations Redeemed at Maturity and Long-Term Debt Instruments, earlier. 1040es Bearer Bonds and Coupons If a coupon from a bearer bond is presented to you for collection before the bond matures, you generally must report the interest on Form 1099-INT. 1040es However, do not report the interest if either of the following apply. 1040es You hold the bond as a nominee for the true owner. 1040es The payee is a foreign person. 1040es See Payments to foreign person under Backup Withholding, later. 1040es Because you cannot assume the presenter of the coupon also owns the bond, you should not report OID on the bond on Form 1099-OID. 1040es The coupon may have been “stripped” (separated) from the bond and separately purchased. 1040es However, if a long-term bearer bond on the OID list is presented to you for redemption upon call or maturity, you should prepare a Form 1099-OID showing the OID for that calendar year, as well as any coupon interest payments collected at the time of redemption. 1040es Backup Withholding If you report OID on Form 1099-OID or interest on Form 1099-INT for a calendar year, you may be required to apply backup withholding to the reportable payment at a rate of 28%. 1040es The backup withholding is deducted at the time a cash payment is made. 1040es See Pub. 1040es 1281, Backup Withholding for Missing and Incorrect Name/TIN(s), for more information. 1040es Backup withholding generally applies in the following situations. 1040es The payee does not give you a taxpayer identification number (TIN). 1040es The IRS notifies you that the payee gave an incorrect TIN. 1040es The IRS notifies you that the payee is subject to backup withholding due to payee underreporting. 1040es For debt instruments acquired after 1983: The payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that he or she is not subject to backup withholding under (3), or The payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that the TIN given is correct. 1040es However, for short-term discount obligations (other than government obligations), bearer bonds and coupons, and U. 1040es S. 1040es savings bonds, backup withholding applies only if the payee does not give you a TIN or gives you an obviously incorrect number for a TIN. 1040es Short-term obligations. 1040es   Backup withholding applies to OID on a short-term obligation only when the OID is paid at maturity. 1040es However, backup withholding applies to any interest payable before maturity when the interest is paid or credited. 1040es   If the owner of a short-term obligation at maturity is not the original owner and can establish the purchase price of the obligation, the amount subject to backup withholding must be determined by treating the purchase price as the issue price. 1040es However, you can choose to disregard that price if it would require significant manual intervention in the computer or recordkeeping system used for the obligation. 1040es If the purchase price of a listed obligation is not established or is disregarded, you must use the issue price shown in Section III. 1040es Long-term obligations. 1040es   If no cash payments are made on a long-term obligation before maturity, backup withholding applies only at maturity. 1040es The amount subject to backup withholding is the OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the obligation matures. 1040es The amount to be withheld is limited to the cash paid. 1040es Registered long-term obligations with cash payments. 1040es   If a registered long-term obligation has cash payments before maturity, backup withholding applies when a cash payment is made. 1040es The amount subject to backup withholding is the total of the qualified stated interest (defined earlier under Definitions) and OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the payment is made. 1040es If more than one cash payment is made during the year, the OID subject to withholding for the year must be allocated among the expected cash payments in the ratio that each bears to the total of the expected cash payments. 1040es For any payment, the required withholding is limited to the cash paid. 1040es Payee not the original owner. 1040es   If the payee is not the original owner of the obligation, the OID subject to backup withholding is the OID includible in the gross income of all owners during the calendar year (without regard to any amount paid by the new owner at the time of transfer). 1040es The amount subject to backup withholding at maturity of a listed obligation must be determined using the issue price shown in Section I. 1040es Bearer long-term obligations with cash payments. 1040es   If a bearer long-term obligation has cash payments before maturity, backup withholding applies when the cash payments are made. 1040es For payments before maturity, the amount subject to withholding is the qualified stated interest (defined earlier under Definitions) includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year. 1040es For a payment at maturity, the amount subject to withholding is only the total of any qualified stated interest paid at maturity and the OID includible in the owner's gross income for the calendar year when the obligation matures. 1040es The required withholding at maturity is limited to the cash paid. 1040es Sales and redemptions. 1040es   If you report the gross proceeds from a sale, exchange, or redemption of a debt instrument on Form 1099-B for a calendar year, you may be required to withhold 28% of the amount reported. 1040es Backup withholding applies in the following situations. 1040es The payee does not give you a TIN. 1040es The IRS notifies you that the payee gave an incorrect TIN. 1040es For debt instruments held in an account opened after 1983, the payee does not certify, under penalties of perjury, that the TIN given is correct. 1040es Payments outside the United States to U. 1040es S. 1040es person. 1040es   The requirements for backup withholding and information reporting apply to payments of OID and interest made outside the United States to a U. 1040es S. 1040es person, a controlled foreign corporation, or a foreign person at least 50% of whose income for the preceding 3-year period is effectively connected with the conduct of a U. 1040es S. 1040es trade or business. 1040es Payments to foreign person. 1040es   The following discussions explain the rules for backup withholding and information reporting on payments to foreign persons. 1040es U. 1040es S. 1040es -source amount. 1040es   Backup withholding and information reporting are not required for payments of U. 1040es S. 1040es -source OID, interest, or proceeds from a sale or redemption of an OID instrument if the payee has given you proof (generally the appropriate Form W-8 or an acceptable substitute) that the payee is a foreign person. 1040es A U. 1040es S. 1040es resident is not a foreign person. 1040es For proof of the payee's foreign status, you can rely on the appropriate Form W-8 or on documentary evidence for payments made outside the United States to an offshore account or, in case of broker proceeds, a sale effected outside the United States. 1040es Receipt of the appropriate Form W-8 does not relieve you from information reporting and backup withholding if you actually know the payee is a U. 1040es S. 1040es person. 1040es   For information about the 28% withholding tax that may apply to payments of U. 1040es S. 1040es -source OID or interest to foreign persons, see Publication 515. 1040es Foreign-source amount. 1040es   Backup withholding and information reporting are not required for payments of foreign-source OID and interest made outside the United States. 1040es However, if the payments are made inside the United States, the requirements for backup withholding and information reporting will apply unless the payee has given you the appropriate Form W-8 or acceptable substitute as proof that the payee is a foreign person. 1040es More information. 1040es   For more information about backup withholding and information reporting on foreign-source amounts or payments to foreign persons, see Regulations section 1. 1040es 6049-5. 1040es Information for Owners of OID Debt Instruments This section is for persons who prepare their own tax returns. 1040es It discusses the income tax rules for figuring and reporting OID on long-term debt instruments. 1040es It also includes a similar discussion for stripped bonds and coupons, such as zero coupon bonds available through the Department of the Treasury's STRIPS program and government-sponsored enterprises such as the Resolution Funding Corporation. 1040es However, the information provided does not cover every situation. 1040es More information can be found in the regulations under sections 1271 through 1275 of the Internal Revenue Code. 1040es Including OID in income. 1040es   Generally, you include OID in income as it accrues each year, whether or not you receive any payments from the debt instrument issuer. 1040es Exceptions. 1040es   The rules for including OID in income as it accrues generally do not apply to the following debt instruments. 1040es U. 1040es S. 1040es savings bonds. 1040es Tax-exempt obligations. 1040es (However, see Tax-Exempt Bonds and Coupons, later. 1040es ) Obligations issued by individuals before March 2, 1984. 1040es Loans of $10,000 or less between individuals who are not in the business of lending money. 1040es (The dollar limit includes outstanding prior loans by the lender to the borrower. 1040es ) This exception does not apply if a principal purpose of the loan is to avoid any federal tax. 1040es   See chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information about the rules for these and other types of discounted debt instruments, such as short-term and market discount obligations. 1040es Publication 550 also discusses rules for holders of REMIC interests and CDOs. 1040es De minimis rule. 1040es   You can treat OID as zero if the total OID on a debt instrument is less than one-fourth of 1% (. 1040es 0025) of the stated redemption price at maturity multiplied by the number of full years from the date of original issue to maturity. 1040es Debt instruments with de minimis OID are not listed in this publication. 1040es There are special rules to determine the de minimis amount in the case of debt instruments that provide for more than one payment of principal. 1040es Also, the de minimis rules generally do not apply to tax-exempt obligations. 1040es Example 2. 1040es You bought at issuance a 10-year debt instrument with a stated redemption price at maturity of $1,000, issued at $980 with OID of $20. 1040es One-fourth of 1% of $1,000 (the stated redemption price) times 10 (the number of full years from the date of original issue to maturity) equals $25. 1040es Under the de minimis rule, you can treat the OID as zero because the $20 discount is less than $25. 1040es Example 3. 1040es Assume the same facts as Example 2, except the debt instrument was issued at $950. 1040es You must report part of the $50 OID each year because it is more than $25. 1040es Choice to report all interest as OID. 1040es   Generally, you can choose to treat all interest on a debt instrument acquired after April 3, 1994, as OID and include it in gross income by using the constant yield method. 1040es See Constant yield method under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984, later, for more information. 1040es   For this choice, interest includes stated interest, acquisition discount, OID, de minimis OID, market discount, de minimis market discount, and unstated interest, as adjusted by any amortizable bond premium or acquisition premium. 1040es For more information, see Regulations section 1. 1040es 1272-3. 1040es Purchase after date of original issue. 1040es   A debt instrument you purchased after the date of original issue may have premium, acquisition premium, or market discount. 1040es If so, the OID reported to you on Form 1099-OID may have to be adjusted. 1040es For more information, see Showing an OID adjustment under How To Report OID, later. 1040es The following rules generally do not apply to contingent payment debt instruments. 1040es Adjustment for premium. 1040es   If your debt instrument (other than an inflation-indexed debt instrument) has premium, do not report any OID as ordinary income. 1040es Your adjustment is the total OID shown on your Form 1099-OID. 1040es Adjustment for acquisition premium. 1040es   If your debt instrument has acquisition premium, reduce the OID you report. 1040es Your adjustment is the difference between the OID shown on your Form 1099-OID and the reduced OID amount figured using the rules explained later under Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments. 1040es Adjustment for market discount. 1040es   If your debt instrument has market discount that you choose to include in income currently, increase the OID you report. 1040es Your adjustment is the accrued market discount for the year. 1040es See Market Discount Bonds in chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information on how to figure accrued market discount and include it in your income currently and for other information about market discount bonds. 1040es If you choose to use the constant yield method to figure accrued market discount, also see Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments, later. 1040es The constant yield method of figuring accrued OID, explained in those discussions under Constant yield method, is also used to figure accrued market discount. 1040es For more information concerning premium or market discount on an inflation-indexed debt instrument, see Regulations section 1. 1040es 1275-7. 1040es Sale, exchange, or redemption. 1040es   Generally, you treat your gain or loss from the sale, exchange, or redemption of a discounted debt instrument as a capital gain or loss if you held the debt instrument as a capital asset. 1040es If you sold the debt instrument through a broker, you should receive Form 1099-B or an equivalent statement from the broker. 1040es Use the Form 1099-B or other statement and your brokerage statements to complete Form 8949, and Schedule D (Form 1040). 1040es   Your gain or loss is the difference between the amount you realized on the sale, exchange, or redemption and your basis in the debt instrument. 1040es Your basis, generally, is your cost increased by the OID you have included in income each year you held it. 1040es In general, to determine your gain or loss on a tax-exempt bond, figure your basis in the bond by adding to your cost the OID you would have included in income if the bond had been taxable. 1040es   See chapter 4 of Publication 550 for more information about the tax treatment of the sale or redemption of discounted debt instruments. 1040es Example 4. 1040es Larry, a calendar year taxpayer, bought a corporate debt instrument at original issue for $86,235. 1040es 00 on November 1 of Year 1. 1040es The 15-year debt instrument matures on October 31 of Year 16 at a stated redemption price of $100,000. 1040es The debt instrument provides for semiannual payments of interest at 10%. 1040es Assume the debt instrument is a capital asset in Larry's hands. 1040es The debt instrument has $13,765. 1040es 00 of OID ($100,000 stated redemption price at maturity minus $86,235. 1040es 00 issue price). 1040es Larry sold the debt instrument for $90,000 on November 1 of Year 4. 1040es Including the OID he will report for the period he held the debt instrument in Year 4, Larry has included $4,556. 1040es 00 of OID in income and has increased his basis by that amount to $90,791. 1040es 00. 1040es Larry has realized a loss of $791. 1040es 00. 1040es All of Larry's loss is capital loss. 1040es Form 1099-OID The issuer of the debt instrument (or your broker, if you purchased or held the debt instrument through a broker) should give you a copy of Form 1099-OID or a similar statement if the accrued OID for the calendar year is $10 or more and the term of the debt instrument is more than 1 year. 1040es Form 1099-OID shows all OID income in box 1 except OID on a U. 1040es S. 1040es Treasury obligation, which is shown in box 8. 1040es It also shows, in box 2, any qualified stated interest you must include in income. 1040es (However, any qualified stated interest on Treasury inflation-protected securities can be reported on Form 1099-INT in box 3. 1040es ) A copy of Form 1099-OID will be sent to the IRS. 1040es Do not attach your copy to your tax return. 1040es Keep it for your records. 1040es If you are required to file a tax return and you receive Form 1099-OID showing taxable amounts, you must report these amounts on your return. 1040es A 20% accuracy-related penalty may be charged for underpayment of tax due to either negligence or disregard of rules and regulations or substantial understatement of tax. 1040es Form 1099-OID not received. 1040es   If you held an OID debt instrument for a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, refer to the discussions under Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments, later, for information on the OID you must report. 1040es Refiguring OID. 1040es   You must refigure the OID shown on Form 1099-OID, in box 1 or box 8, to determine the proper amount to include in income if one of the following applies. 1040es You bought the debt instrument at a premium or at an acquisition premium. 1040es The debt instrument is a stripped bond or coupon (including zero coupon bonds backed by U. 1040es S. 1040es Treasury securities). 1040es The debt instrument is a contingent payment or inflation-indexed debt instrument. 1040es See the discussions under Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments or Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons, later, for the specific computations. 1040es Refiguring interest. 1040es   If you disposed of a debt instrument or acquired it from another holder between interest dates, see the discussion under Bonds Sold Between Interest Dates in chapter 1 of Publication 550 for information about refiguring the interest shown on Form 1099-OID in box 2. 1040es Nominee. 1040es   If you are the holder of an OID debt instrument and you receive a Form 1099-OID that shows your taxpayer identification number and includes amounts belonging to another person, you are considered a “nominee. 1040es ” You must file another Form 1099-OID for each actual owner, showing the OID for the owner. 1040es Show the owner of the debt instrument as the “recipient” and you as the “payer. 1040es ”   Complete Form 1099-OID and Form 1096 and file the forms with the Internal Revenue Service Center for your area. 1040es You must also give a copy of the Form 1099-OID to the actual owner. 1040es However, you are not required to file a nominee return to show amounts belonging to your spouse. 1040es See the Form 1099 instructions for more information. 1040es   When preparing your tax return, follow the instructions under Showing an OID adjustment in the next discussion. 1040es How To Report OID Generally, you report your taxable interest and OID income on the interest line of Form 1040EZ, Form 1040A, or Form 1040. 1040es Form 1040 or Form 1040A required. 1040es   You must use Form 1040 or Form 1040A (you cannot use Form 1040EZ) under either of the following conditions. 1040es You received a Form 1099-OID as a nominee for the actual owner. 1040es Your total interest and OID income for the year was more than $1,500. 1040es Form 1040 required. 1040es   You must use Form 1040 (you cannot use Form 1040A or Form 1040EZ) if you are reporting more or less OID than the amount shown on Form 1099-OID, other than because you are a nominee. 1040es For example, if you paid a premium or an acquisition premium when you purchased the debt instrument, you must use Form 1040 because you will report less OID than shown on Form 1099-OID. 1040es Also, you must use Form 1040 if you were charged an early withdrawal penalty. 1040es Where to report. 1040es   List each payer's name (if a brokerage firm gave you a Form 1099, list the brokerage firm as the payer) and the amount received from each payer on Form 1040A, Schedule B, Part I, line 1, or Form 1040, Schedule B, line 1. 1040es Include all OID and periodic interest shown on any Form 1099-OID, boxes 1, 2, and 8, you received for the tax year. 1040es Also include any other OID and interest income for which you did not receive a Form 1099. 1040es Showing an OID adjustment. 1040es   If you use Form 1040 to report more or less OID than shown on Form 1099-OID, list the full OID on Schedule B, Part I, line 1, and follow the instructions under 1 or 2, next. 1040es   If you use Form 1040A to report the OID shown on a Form 1099-OID you received as a nominee for the actual owner, list the full OID on Schedule B, Part I, line 1 and follow the instructions under 1. 1040es If the OID, as adjusted, is less than the amount shown on Form 1099-OID, show the adjustment as follows. 1040es Under your last entry on line 1, subtotal all interest and OID income listed on line 1. 1040es Below the subtotal, write “Nominee Distribution” or “OID Adjustment” and show the OID you are not required to report. 1040es Subtract that OID from the subtotal and enter the result on line 2. 1040es If the OID, as adjusted, is more than the amount shown on Form 1099-OID, show the adjustment as follows. 1040es Under your last entry on line 1, subtotal all interest and OID income listed on line 1. 1040es Below the subtotal, write “OID Adjustment” and show the additional OID. 1040es Add that OID to the subtotal and enter the result on line 2. 1040es Figuring OID on Long-Term Debt Instruments How you figure the OID on a long-term debt instrument depends on the date it was issued. 1040es It also may depend on the type of the debt instrument. 1040es There are different rules for each of the following debt instruments. 1040es Corporate debt instruments issued after 1954 and before May 28, 1969, and government debt instruments issued after 1954 and before July 2, 1982. 1040es Corporate debt instruments issued after May 27, 1969, and before July 2, 1982. 1040es Debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985. 1040es Debt instruments issued after 1984 (other than debt instruments described in (5) and (6)). 1040es Contingent payment debt instruments issued after August 12, 1996. 1040es Inflation-indexed debt instruments (including Treasury inflation-protected securities) issued after January 5, 1997. 1040es Zero coupon bonds. 1040es   The rules for figuring OID on zero coupon bonds backed by U. 1040es S. 1040es Treasury securities are discussed under Figuring OID on Stripped Bonds and Coupons, later. 1040es Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After 1954 and Before May 28, 1969, and Government Debt Instruments Issued After 1954 and Before July 2, 1982 If you hold these debt instruments as capital assets, you include OID in income only in the year the debt instrument is sold, exchanged, or redeemed, and only if you have a gain. 1040es The OID, which is taxed as ordinary income, generally equals the following amount. 1040es   number of full months you held the debt instrument  number of full months from date of original issue to date of maturity X original issue discount The balance of the gain is capital gain. 1040es If there is a loss on the sale of the debt instrument, the entire loss is a capital loss and no OID is reported. 1040es Corporate Debt Instruments Issued After May 27, 1969, and Before July 2, 1982 If you hold these debt instruments as capital assets, you must include part of the OID in income each year you own the debt instruments. 1040es For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see the discussion under How To Report OID, earlier. 1040es Your basis in the debt instrument is increased by the OID you include in income. 1040es Form 1099-OID. 1040es   You should receive a Form 1099-OID showing OID for the part of the year you held the debt instrument. 1040es However, if you paid an acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. 1040es See Reduction for acquisition premium, later. 1040es If you held an OID debt instrument in a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, see Form 1099-OID not received, immediately below, and refer to Section I-A available at www. 1040es irs. 1040es gov/pub1212 by clicking the link under Recent Developments. 1040es Form 1099-OID not received. 1040es    The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. 1040es You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. 1040es For example, if you have a debt instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half the listed amount to figure your OID. 1040es   If you held the debt instrument the entire year, use the OID shown in Section I-A for a calendar year. 1040es (If your debt instrument is not listed in Section I-A, consult the issuer for information about the issue price and the OID that accrued for that year. 1040es ) If you did not hold the debt instrument the entire year, figure your OID using the following method. 1040es Divide the OID shown by 12. 1040es Multiply the result in (1) by the number of complete and partial months (for example, 6½ months) you held the debt instrument during a calendar year. 1040es This is the OID to include in income unless you paid an acquisition premium. 1040es The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed next. 1040es Reduction for acquisition premium. 1040es   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium, figure the OID to include in income as follows. 1040es Divide the total OID on the debt instrument by the number of complete months, and any part of a month, from the date of original issue to the maturity date. 1040es This is the monthly OID. 1040es Subtract from your cost the issue price and the accumulated OID from the date of issue to the date of purchase. 1040es (If the result is zero or less, stop here. 1040es You did not pay an acquisition premium. 1040es ) Divide the amount figured in (2) by the number of complete months, and any part of a month, from the date of your purchase to the maturity date. 1040es Subtract the amount figured in (3) from the amount figured in (1). 1040es This is the OID to include in income for each month you hold the debt instrument during the year. 1040es Transfers during the month. 1040es   If you buy or sell a debt instrument on any day other than the same day of the month as the date of original issue, the ratable monthly portion of OID for the month of sale is divided between the seller and the buyer according to the number of days each held the debt instrument. 1040es Your holding period for this purpose begins the day you acquire the debt instrument and ends the day before you dispose of it. 1040es Debt Instruments Issued After July 1, 1982, and Before 1985 If you hold these debt instruments as capital assets, you must include part of the OID in income each year you own the debt instruments and increase your basis by the amount included. 1040es For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. 1040es Form 1099-OID. 1040es   You should receive a Form 1099-OID showing OID for the part of the year you held the debt instrument. 1040es However, if you paid an acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. 1040es See Constant yield method and the discussions on acquisition premium that follow, later. 1040es If you held an OID debt instrument in a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, see Form 1099-OID not received, immediately below, and refer to Section I-A available at www. 1040es irs. 1040es gov/pub1212 by clicking the link under Recent Developments. 1040es Form 1099-OID not received. 1040es    The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. 1040es You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. 1040es For example, if you have a debt instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half the listed amount to figure your OID. 1040es   If you held the debt instrument the entire year, use the OID shown in Section I-A. 1040es (If your instrument is not listed in Section I-A, consult the issuer for information about the issue price, the yield to maturity, and the OID that accrued for that year. 1040es ) If you did not hold the debt instrument the entire year, figure your OID using either of the following methods. 1040es Method 1. 1040es    Divide the total OID for a calendar year by 365 (366 for leap years). 1040es Multiply the result in (1) by the number of days you held the debt instrument during that particular year. 1040es  This computation is an approximation and may result in a slightly higher OID than Method 2. 1040es Method 2. 1040es    Look up the daily OID for the first accrual period you held the debt instrument during a calendar year. 1040es (See Accrual period under Constant yield method, next. 1040es ) Multiply the daily OID by the number of days you held the debt instrument during that accrual period. 1040es If you held the debt instrument for part of both accrual periods, repeat (1) and (2) for the second accrual period. 1040es Add the results of (2) and (3). 1040es This is the OID to include in income, unless you paid an acquisition premium. 1040es (The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed later. 1040es ) Constant yield method. 1040es   This discussion shows how to figure OID on debt instruments issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985, using a constant yield method. 1040es OID is allocated over the life of the debt instrument through adjustments to the issue price for each accrual period. 1040es   Figure the OID allocable to any accrual period as follows. 1040es Multiply the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the accrual period by the debt instrument's yield to maturity. 1040es Subtract from the result in (1) any qualified stated interest allocable to the accrual period. 1040es Accrual period. 1040es   An accrual period for any OID debt instrument issued after July 1, 1982, and before 1985 is each 1-year period beginning on the date of the issue of the obligation and each anniversary thereafter, or the shorter period to maturity for the last accrual period. 1040es Your tax year will usually include parts of two accrual periods. 1040es Daily OID. 1040es   The OID for any accrual period is allocated equally to each day in the accrual period. 1040es You must include in income the sum of the OID amounts for each day you hold the debt instrument during the year. 1040es If your tax year includes parts of two or more accrual periods, you must include the proper daily OID amounts for each accrual period. 1040es Figuring daily OID. 1040es   The daily OID for the initial accrual period is figured using the following formula. 1040es   (ip × ytm) − qsi     p   ip = issue price ytm = yield to maturity qsi = qualified stated interest p = number of days in accrual period         The daily OID for subsequent accrual periods is figured the same way except the adjusted issue price at the beginning of each period is used in the formula instead of the issue price. 1040es Reduction for acquisition premium on debt instruments purchased before July 19, 1984. 1040es   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium before July 19, 1984, figure the OID includible in income by reducing the daily OID by the daily acquisition premium. 1040es Figure the daily acquisition premium by dividing the total acquisition premium by the number of days in the period beginning on your purchase date and ending on the day before the date of maturity. 1040es Reduction for acquisition premium on debt instruments purchased after July 18, 1984. 1040es   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium after July 18, 1984, figure the OID includible in income by reducing the daily OID by the daily acquisition premium. 1040es However, the method of figuring the daily acquisition premium is different from the method described in the preceding discussion. 1040es To figure the daily acquisition premium under this method, multiply the daily OID by the following fraction. 1040es The numerator is the acquisition premium. 1040es The denominator is the total OID remaining for the debt instrument after your purchase date. 1040es Section I-A is available at www. 1040es irs. 1040es gov/pub1212 and clicking the link under Recent Developments. 1040es Using Section I-A to figure accumulated OID. 1040es   If you bought your corporate debt instrument in a calendar year or the subsequent year, you can figure the accumulated OID to the date of purchase by adding the following amounts. 1040es The amount from the “Total OID to January 1, YYYY” column for your debt instrument. 1040es The OID from January 1 of a calendar year to the date of purchase, figured as follows. 1040es Multiply the daily OID for the first accrual period in the calendar year by the number of days from January 1 to the date of purchase, or the end of the accrual period if the debt instrument was purchased in the second or third accrual period. 1040es Multiply the daily OID for each subsequent accrual period by the number of days in the period to the date of purchase or the end of the accrual period, whichever applies. 1040es Add the amounts figured in (2a) and (2b). 1040es Debt Instruments Issued After 1984 If you hold debt instruments issued after 1984, you must report part of the OID in gross income each year that you own the debt instruments. 1040es You must include the OID in gross income whether or not you hold the debt instrument as a capital asset. 1040es Your basis in the debt instrument is increased by the OID you include in income. 1040es For information about showing the correct OID on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. 1040es Form 1099-OID. 1040es   You should receive a Form 1099-OID showing OID for the part of a calendar year you held the debt instrument. 1040es However, if you paid an acquisition premium, you may need to refigure the OID to report on your tax return. 1040es See Constant yield method and Reduction for acquisition premium, later. 1040es   You may also need to refigure the OID for a contingent payment or inflation-indexed debt instrument on which the amount reported on Form 1099-OID is inaccurate. 1040es See Contingent Payment Debt Instruments or Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments, later. 1040es If you held an OID debt instrument in a calendar year but did not receive a Form 1099-OID, see Form 1099-OID not received, immediately below, and refer to Section I-B available at www. 1040es irs. 1040es gov/pub1212 by clicking the link under Recent Developments. 1040es Form 1099-OID not received. 1040es   The OID listed is for each $1,000 of redemption price. 1040es You must adjust the listed amount if your debt instrument has a different principal amount. 1040es For example, if you have a debt instrument with a $500 principal amount, use one-half the listed amount to figure your OID. 1040es   Use the OID shown in Section I-B for a calendar year if you held the debt instrument the entire year. 1040es (If your debt instrument is not listed in Section I-B, consult the issuer for information about the issue price, the yield to maturity, and the OID that accrued for that year. 1040es ) If you did not hold the debt instrument the entire year, figure your OID as follows. 1040es Look up the daily OID for the first accrual period in which you held the debt instrument during a calendar year. 1040es (See Accrual period under Constant yield method, later. 1040es ) Multiply the daily OID by the number of days you held the debt instrument during that accrual period. 1040es Repeat (1) and (2) for any remaining accrual periods in which you held the debt instrument. 1040es Add the results of (2) and (3). 1040es This is the OID to include in income for that year, unless you paid an acquisition premium. 1040es (The reduction for acquisition premium is discussed later. 1040es ) Tax-exempt bond. 1040es   If you own a tax-exempt bond, figure your basis in the bond by adding to your cost the OID you would have included in income if the bond had been taxable. 1040es You need to make this adjustment to determine if you have a gain or loss on a later disposition of the bond. 1040es In general, use the rules that follow to determine your OID. 1040es Constant yield method. 1040es   This discussion shows how to figure OID on debt instruments issued after 1984 using a constant yield method. 1040es (The special rules that apply to contingent payment debt instruments and inflation-indexed debt instruments are explained later. 1040es ) OID is allocated over the life of the debt instrument through adjustments to the issue price for each accrual period. 1040es   Figure the OID allocable to any accrual period as follows. 1040es Multiply the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the accrual period by a fraction. 1040es The numerator of the fraction is the debt instrument's yield to maturity and the denominator is the number of accrual periods per year. 1040es The yield must be stated appropriately taking into account the length of the particular accrual period. 1040es Subtract from the result in (1) any qualified stated interest allocable to the accrual period. 1040es Accrual period. 1040es   For debt instruments issued after 1984 and before April 4, 1994, an accrual period is each 6-month period that ends on the day that corresponds to the stated maturity date of the debt instrument or the date 6 months before that date. 1040es For example, a debt instrument maturing on March 31 has accrual periods that end on September 30 and March 31 of each calendar year. 1040es Any short period is included as the first accrual period. 1040es   For debt instruments issued after April 3, 1994, accrual periods may be of any length and may vary in length over the term of the debt instrument, as long as each accrual period is no longer than 1 year and all payments are made on the first or last day of an accrual period. 1040es However, the OID listed for these debt instruments in Section I-B has been figured using 6-month accrual periods. 1040es Daily OID. 1040es   The OID for any accrual period is allocated equally to each day in the accrual period. 1040es Figure the amount to include in income by adding the OID for each day you hold the debt instrument during the year. 1040es Since your tax year will usually include parts of two or more accrual periods, you must include the proper daily OID for each accrual period. 1040es If your debt instrument has 6-month accrual periods, your tax year will usually include one full 6-month accrual period and parts of two other 6-month periods. 1040es Figuring daily OID. 1040es   The daily OID for the initial accrual period is figured using the following formula. 1040es   (ip × ytm/n) − qsi     p   ip = issue price ytm = yield to maturity n = number of accrual periods in 1 year qsi = qualified stated interest p = number of days in accrual period       The daily OID for subsequent accrual periods is figured the same way except the adjusted issue price at the beginning of each period is used in the formula instead of the issue price. 1040es Example 5. 1040es On January 1 of Year 1, you bought a 15-year, 10% debt instrument of A Corporation at original issue for $86,235. 1040es 17. 1040es According to the prospectus, the debt instrument matures on December 31 of Year 15 at a stated redemption price of $100,000. 1040es The yield to maturity is 12%, compounded semiannually. 1040es The debt instrument provides for qualified stated interest payments of $5,000 on June 30 and December 31 of each calendar year. 1040es The accrual periods are the 6-month periods ending on each of these dates. 1040es The number of days for the first accrual period (January 1 through June 30) is 181 days (182 for leap years). 1040es The daily OID for the first accrual period is figured as follows. 1040es   ($86,235. 1040es 17 x . 1040es 12/2) – $5,000     181 days     = $174. 1040es 11020 = $. 1040es 96193   181           The adjusted issue price at the beginning of the second accrual period is the issue price plus the OID previously includible in income ($86,235. 1040es 17 + $174. 1040es 11), or $86,409. 1040es 28. 1040es The number of days for the second accrual period (July 1 through December 31) is 184 days. 1040es The daily OID for the second accrual period is figured as follows. 1040es   ($86,409. 1040es 28 x . 1040es 12/2) – $5,000     184 days     = $184. 1040es 55681 = $1. 1040es 00303   184 Since the first and second accrual periods coincide exactly with your tax year, you include in income for Year 1 the OID allocable to the first two accrual periods, $174. 1040es 11 ($. 1040es 95665 × 182 days) plus $184. 1040es 56 ($1. 1040es 00303 × 184 days), or $358. 1040es 67. 1040es Add the OID to the $10,000 interest you report on your income tax return for Year 1. 1040es Example 6. 1040es Assume the same facts as in Example 5, except that you bought the debt instrument at original issue on May 1 of Year 1, with a maturity date of April 30, Year 16. 1040es Also, the interest payment dates are October 31 and April 30 of each calendar year. 1040es The accrual periods are the 6-month periods ending on each of these dates. 1040es The number of days for the first accrual period (May 1 through October 31) is 184 days. 1040es The daily OID for the first accrual period is figured as follows. 1040es   ($86,235. 1040es 17 x . 1040es 12/2) – $5,000     184 days     = $174. 1040es 11020 = $. 1040es 94625   184           The number of days for the second accrual period (November 1 through April 30) is 181 days (182 for leap years). 1040es The daily OID for the second accrual period is figured as follows. 1040es   ($86,409. 1040es 28 x . 1040es 12/2) – $5,000     181 days     = $184. 1040es 55681 = $1. 1040es 01965   181 If you hold the debt instrument through the end of Year 1, you must include $236. 1040es 31 of OID in income. 1040es This is $174. 1040es 11 ($. 1040es 94625 × 184 days) for the period May 1 through October 31 plus $62. 1040es 20 ($1. 1040es 01965 × 61 days) for the period November 1 through December 31. 1040es The OID is added to the $5,000 interest income paid on October 31 of Year 1. 1040es Your basis in the debt instrument is increased by the OID you include in income. 1040es On January 1 of Year 2, your basis in the A Corporation debt instrument is $86,471. 1040es 48 ($86,235. 1040es 17 + $236. 1040es 31). 1040es Short first accrual period. 1040es   You may have to make adjustments if a debt instrument has a short first accrual period. 1040es For example, a debt instrument with 6-month accrual periods that is issued on February 15 and matures on October 31 has a short first accrual period that ends April 30. 1040es (The remaining accrual periods begin on May 1 and November 1. 1040es ) For this short period, figure the daily OID as described earlier, but adjust the yield for the length of the short accrual period. 1040es You may use any reasonable compounding method in determining OID for a short period. 1040es Examples of reasonable compounding methods include continuous compounding and monthly compounding (that is, simple interest within a month). 1040es Consult your tax advisor for more information about making this computation. 1040es   The OID for the final accrual period is the difference between the amount payable at maturity (other than a payment of qualified stated interest) and the adjusted issue price at the beginning of the final accrual period. 1040es Reduction for acquisition premium. 1040es   If you bought the debt instrument at an acquisition premium, figure the OID includible in income by reducing the daily OID by the daily acquisition premium. 1040es To figure the daily acquisition premium, multiply the daily OID by the following fraction. 1040es The numerator is the acquisition premium. 1040es The denominator is the total OID remaining for the debt instrument after your purchase date. 1040es Example 7. 1040es Assume the same facts as in Example 6, except that you bought the debt instrument on November 1 of Year 1 for $87,000, after its original issue on May 1 of Year 1. 1040es The adjusted issue price on November 1 of Year 1 is $86,409. 1040es 28 ($86,235. 1040es 17 + $174. 1040es 11). 1040es In this case, you paid an acquisition premium of $590. 1040es 72 ($87,000 − $86,409. 1040es 28). 1040es The daily OID for the accrual period November 1 through April 30, reduced for the acquisition premium, is figured as follows. 1040es 1) Daily OID on date of purchase (2nd accrual period) $1. 1040es 01965*  2)  Acquisition premium $590. 1040es 72    3)  Total OID remaining after purchase date ($13,764. 1040es 83 − $174. 1040es 11) 13,590. 1040es 72   4) Line 2 ÷ line 3 . 1040es 04346  5)  Line 1 × line 4 . 1040es 04432  6)  Daily OID reduced for the acquisition premium. 1040es Line 1 − line 5 $0. 1040es 97533  * As shown in Example 6. 1040es The total OID to include in income for Year 1 is $59. 1040es 50 ($. 1040es 97533 × 61 days). 1040es Contingent Payment Debt Instruments This discussion shows how to figure OID on a contingent payment debt instrument issued after August 12, 1996, that was issued for cash or publicly traded property. 1040es In general, a contingent payment debt instrument provides for one or more payments that are contingent as to timing or amount. 1040es If you hold a contingent payment bond, you must report OID as it accrues each year. 1040es Because the actual payments on a contingent payment debt instrument cannot be known in advance, issuers and holders cannot use the constant yield method (discussed earlier under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984) without making certain assumptions about the payments on the debt instrument. 1040es To figure OID accruals on contingent payment debt instruments, holders and issuers must use the noncontingent bond method. 1040es Noncontingent bond method. 1040es    Under this method, the issuer must compute a comparable yield for the debt instrument and, based on this yield, construct a projected payment schedule for the instrument, which includes a projected fixed amount for each contingent payment. 1040es In general, holders and issuers accrue OID on this projected payment schedule using the constant yield method that applies to fixed payment debt instruments. 1040es When a contingent payment differs from the projected fixed amount, the holders and issuers make adjustments to their OID accruals. 1040es If the actual contingent payment is larger than expected, both the issuer and the holder increase their OID accruals. 1040es If the actual contingent payment is smaller than expected, holders and issuers generally decrease their OID accruals. 1040es Form 1099-OID. 1040es   The amount shown on Form 1099-OID in box 1 you receive for a contingent payment debt instrument may not be the correct amount to include in income. 1040es For example, the amount may not be correct if the contingent payment was different from the projected amount. 1040es If the amount in box 1 is not correct, you must figure the OID to report on your return under the following rules. 1040es For information on showing an OID adjustment on your tax return, see How To Report OID, earlier. 1040es Figuring OID. 1040es   To figure OID on a contingent payment debt instrument, you need to know the “comparable yield” and “projected payment schedule” of the debt instrument. 1040es The issuer must make these available to you. 1040es Comparable yield. 1040es   The comparable yield generally is the yield at which the issuer would issue a fixed rate debt instrument with terms and conditions similar to those of the contingent payment debt instrument. 1040es The comparable yield is determined as of the debt instrument's issue date. 1040es Projected payment schedule. 1040es   The projected payment schedule for a contingent payment debt instrument includes all fixed payments due under the instrument and a projected fixed amount for each contingent payment. 1040es The projected payment schedule is created by the issuer as of the debt instrument's issue date. 1040es It is used to determine the issuer's and holder's interest accruals and adjustments. 1040es Steps for figuring OID. 1040es   Figure the OID on a contingent payment debt instrument in two steps. 1040es Figure the OID using the constant yield method (discussed earlier under Debt Instruments Issued After 1984 ) that applies to fixed payment debt instruments. 1040es Use the comparable yield as the yield to maturity. 1040es In general, use the projected payment schedule to determine the instrument's adjusted issue price at the beginning of each accrual period (other than the initial period). 1040es Do not treat any amount payable as qualified stated interest. 1040es Adjust the OID in (1) to account for actual contingent payments. 1040es If the contingent payment is greater than the projected fixed amount, you have a positive adjustment. 1040es If the contingent payment is less than the projected fixed amount, you have a negative adjustment. 1040es Net positive adjustment. 1040es   A net positive adjustment exists for a tax year when the total of any positive adjustments described in (2) above for the tax year is more than the total of any negative adjustments for the tax year. 1040es Treat a net positive adjustment as additional OID for the tax year. 1040es Net negative adjustment. 1040es   A net negative adjustment exists for a tax year when the total of any negative adjustments described in (2) above for the tax year is more than the total of any positive adjustments for the tax year. 1040es Use a net negative adjustment to offset OID on the debt instrument for the tax year. 1040es If the net negative adjustment is more than the OID on the debt instrument for the tax year, you can claim the difference as an ordinary loss. 1040es However, the amount you can claim as an ordinary loss is limited to the OID on the debt instrument you included in income in prior tax years. 1040es You must carry forward any net negative adjustment that is more than the total OID for the tax year and prior tax years and treat it as a negative adjustment in the next tax year. 1040es Basis adjustments. 1040es   In general, increase your basis in a contingent payment debt instrument by the OID included in income. 1040es Your basis, however, is not affected by any negative or positive adjustments. 1040es Decrease your basis by any noncontingent payment received and the projected contingent payment scheduled to be received. 1040es Treatment of gain or loss on sale or exchange. 1040es   If you sell a contingent payment debt instrument at a gain, your gain is ordinary income (interest income), even if you hold the debt instrument as a capital asset. 1040es If you sell a contingent payment debt instrument at a loss, your loss is an ordinary loss to the extent of your prior OID accruals on the debt instrument. 1040es If the debt instrument is a capital asset, treat any loss that is more than your prior OID accruals as a capital loss. 1040es See Regulations section 1. 1040es 1275-4 for exceptions to these rules. 1040es Premium, acquisition premium, and market discount. 1040es   The rules for accruing premium, acquisition premium, and market discount do not apply to a contingent payment debt instrument. 1040es See Regulations section 1. 1040es 1275-4 to determine how to account for these items. 1040es Inflation-Indexed Debt Instruments This discussion shows how you figure OID on certain inflation-indexed debt instruments issued after January 5, 1997. 1040es An inflation-indexed debt instrument is generally a debt instrument on which the payments are adjusted for inflation and d