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1040 Ez 2014

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1040 Ez 2014

1040 ez 2014 1. 1040 ez 2014   Overview of Depreciation Table of Contents Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: What Property Can Be Depreciated?Property You Own Property Used in Your Business or Income-Producing Activity Property Having a Determinable Useful Life Property Lasting More Than One Year What Property Cannot Be Depreciated?Land Excepted Property When Does Depreciation Begin and End?Placed in Service Idle Property Cost or Other Basis Fully Recovered Retired From Service What Method Can You Use To Depreciate Your Property?Property You Placed in Service Before 1987 Property Owned or Used in 1986 Intangible Property Corporate or Partnership Property Acquired in a Nontaxable Transfer Election To Exclude Property From MACRS What Is the Basis of Your Depreciable Property?Cost as Basis Other Basis Adjusted Basis How Do You Treat Repairs and Improvements? Do You Have To File Form 4562? How Do You Correct Depreciation Deductions?Filing an Amended Return Changing Your Accounting Method Introduction Depreciation is an annual income tax deduction that allows you to recover the cost or other basis of certain property over the time you use the property. 1040 ez 2014 It is an allowance for the wear and tear, deterioration, or obsolescence of the property. 1040 ez 2014 This chapter discusses the general rules for depreciating property and answers the following questions. 1040 ez 2014 What property can be depreciated? What property cannot be depreciated? When does depreciation begin and end? What method can you use to depreciate your property? What is the basis of your depreciable property? How do you treat repairs and improvements? Do you have to file Form 4562? How do you correct depreciation deductions? Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 534 Depreciating Property Placed in Service Before 1987 535 Business Expenses 538 Accounting Periods and Methods 551 Basis of Assets Form (and Instructions) Sch C (Form 1040) Profit or Loss From Business Sch C-EZ (Form 1040) Net Profit From Business 2106 Employee Business Expenses 2106-EZ Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses 3115 Application for Change in Accounting Method 4562 Depreciation and Amortization See chapter 6 for information about getting publications and forms. 1040 ez 2014 What Property Can Be Depreciated? You can depreciate most types of tangible property (except land), such as buildings, machinery, vehicles, furniture, and equipment. 1040 ez 2014 You also can depreciate certain intangible property, such as patents, copyrights, and computer software. 1040 ez 2014 To be depreciable, the property must meet all the following requirements. 1040 ez 2014 It must be property you own. 1040 ez 2014 It must be used in your business or income-producing activity. 1040 ez 2014 It must have a determinable useful life. 1040 ez 2014 It must be expected to last more than one year. 1040 ez 2014 The following discussions provide information about these requirements. 1040 ez 2014 Property You Own To claim depreciation, you usually must be the owner of the property. 1040 ez 2014 You are considered as owning property even if it is subject to a debt. 1040 ez 2014 Example 1. 1040 ez 2014 You made a down payment to purchase rental property and assumed the previous owner's mortgage. 1040 ez 2014 You own the property and you can depreciate it. 1040 ez 2014 Example 2. 1040 ez 2014 You bought a new van that you will use only for your courier business. 1040 ez 2014 You will be making payments on the van over the next 5 years. 1040 ez 2014 You own the van and you can depreciate it. 1040 ez 2014 Leased property. 1040 ez 2014   You can depreciate leased property only if you retain the incidents of ownership in the property (explained below). 1040 ez 2014 This means you bear the burden of exhaustion of the capital investment in the property. 1040 ez 2014 Therefore, if you lease property from someone to use in your trade or business or for the production of income, you generally cannot depreciate its cost because you do not retain the incidents of ownership. 1040 ez 2014 You can, however, depreciate any capital improvements you make to the property. 1040 ez 2014 See How Do You Treat Repairs and Improvements later in this chapter and Additions and Improvements under Which Recovery Period Applies in chapter 4. 1040 ez 2014   If you lease property to someone, you generally can depreciate its cost even if the lessee (the person leasing from you) has agreed to preserve, replace, renew, and maintain the property. 1040 ez 2014 However, if the lease provides that the lessee is to maintain the property and return to you the same property or its equivalent in value at the expiration of the lease in as good condition and value as when leased, you cannot depreciate the cost of the property. 1040 ez 2014 Incidents of ownership. 1040 ez 2014   Incidents of ownership in property include the following. 1040 ez 2014 The legal title to the property. 1040 ez 2014 The legal obligation to pay for the property. 1040 ez 2014 The responsibility to pay maintenance and operating expenses. 1040 ez 2014 The duty to pay any taxes on the property. 1040 ez 2014 The risk of loss if the property is destroyed, condemned, or diminished in value through obsolescence or exhaustion. 1040 ez 2014 Life tenant. 1040 ez 2014   Generally, if you hold business or investment property as a life tenant, you can depreciate it as if you were the absolute owner of the property. 1040 ez 2014 However, see Certain term interests in property under Excepted Property, later. 1040 ez 2014 Cooperative apartments. 1040 ez 2014   If you are a tenant-stockholder in a cooperative housing corporation and use your cooperative apartment in your business or for the production of income, you can depreciate your stock in the corporation, even though the corporation owns the apartment. 1040 ez 2014   Figure your depreciation deduction as follows. 1040 ez 2014 Figure the depreciation for all the depreciable real property owned by the corporation in which you have a proprietary lease or right of tenancy. 1040 ez 2014 If you bought your cooperative stock after its first offering, figure the depreciable basis of this property as follows. 1040 ez 2014 Multiply your cost per share by the total number of outstanding shares, including any shares held by the corporation. 1040 ez 2014 Add to the amount figured in (a) any mortgage debt on the property on the date you bought the stock. 1040 ez 2014 Subtract from the amount figured in (b) any mortgage debt that is not for the depreciable real property, such as the part for the land. 1040 ez 2014 Subtract from the amount figured in (1) any depreciation for space owned by the corporation that can be rented but cannot be lived in by tenant-stockholders. 1040 ez 2014 Divide the number of your shares of stock by the total number of outstanding shares, including any shares held by the corporation. 1040 ez 2014 Multiply the result of (2) by the percentage you figured in (3). 1040 ez 2014 This is your depreciation on the stock. 1040 ez 2014   Your depreciation deduction for the year cannot be more than the part of your adjusted basis in the stock of the corporation that is allocable to your business or income-producing property. 1040 ez 2014 You must also reduce your depreciation deduction if only a portion of the property is used in a business or for the production of income. 1040 ez 2014 Example. 1040 ez 2014 You figure your share of the cooperative housing corporation's depreciation to be $30,000. 1040 ez 2014 Your adjusted basis in the stock of the corporation is $50,000. 1040 ez 2014 You use one half of your apartment solely for business purposes. 1040 ez 2014 Your depreciation deduction for the stock for the year cannot be more than $25,000 (½ of $50,000). 1040 ez 2014 Change to business use. 1040 ez 2014   If you change your cooperative apartment to business use, figure your allowable depreciation as explained earlier. 1040 ez 2014 The basis of all the depreciable real property owned by the cooperative housing corporation is the smaller of the following amounts. 1040 ez 2014 The fair market value of the property on the date you change your apartment to business use. 1040 ez 2014 This is considered to be the same as the corporation's adjusted basis minus straight line depreciation, unless this value is unrealistic. 1040 ez 2014 The corporation's adjusted basis in the property on that date. 1040 ez 2014 Do not subtract depreciation when figuring the corporation's adjusted basis. 1040 ez 2014   If you bought the stock after its first offering, the corporation's adjusted basis in the property is the amount figured in (1), above. 1040 ez 2014 The fair market value of the property is considered to be the same as the corporation's adjusted basis figured in this way minus straight line depreciation, unless the value is unrealistic. 1040 ez 2014   For a discussion of fair market value and adjusted basis, see Publication 551. 1040 ez 2014 Property Used in Your Business or Income-Producing Activity To claim depreciation on property, you must use it in your business or income-producing activity. 1040 ez 2014 If you use property to produce income (investment use), the income must be taxable. 1040 ez 2014 You cannot depreciate property that you use solely for personal activities. 1040 ez 2014 Partial business or investment use. 1040 ez 2014   If you use property for business or investment purposes and for personal purposes, you can deduct depreciation based only on the business or investment use. 1040 ez 2014 For example, you cannot deduct depreciation on a car used only for commuting, personal shopping trips, family vacations, driving children to and from school, or similar activities. 1040 ez 2014    You must keep records showing the business, investment, and personal use of your property. 1040 ez 2014 For more information on the records you must keep for listed property, such as a car, see What Records Must Be Kept in chapter 5. 1040 ez 2014    Although you can combine business and investment use of property when figuring depreciation deductions, do not treat investment use as qualified business use when determining whether the business-use requirement for listed property is met. 1040 ez 2014 For information about qualified business use of listed property, see What Is the Business-Use Requirement in chapter 5. 1040 ez 2014 Office in the home. 1040 ez 2014   If you use part of your home as an office, you may be able to deduct depreciation on that part based on its business use. 1040 ez 2014 For information about depreciating your home office, see Publication 587. 1040 ez 2014 Inventory. 1040 ez 2014   You cannot depreciate inventory because it is not held for use in your business. 1040 ez 2014 Inventory is any property you hold primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of your business. 1040 ez 2014   If you are a rent-to-own dealer, you may be able to treat certain property held in your business as depreciable property rather than as inventory. 1040 ez 2014 See Rent-to-own dealer under Which Property Class Applies Under GDS in chapter 4. 1040 ez 2014   In some cases, it is not clear whether property is held for sale (inventory) or for use in your business. 1040 ez 2014 If it is unclear, examine carefully all the facts in the operation of the particular business. 1040 ez 2014 The following example shows how a careful examination of the facts in two similar situations results in different conclusions. 1040 ez 2014 Example. 1040 ez 2014 Maple Corporation is in the business of leasing cars. 1040 ez 2014 At the end of their useful lives, when the cars are no longer profitable to lease, Maple sells them. 1040 ez 2014 Maple does not have a showroom, used car lot, or individuals to sell the cars. 1040 ez 2014 Instead, it sells them through wholesalers or by similar arrangements in which a dealer's profit is not intended or considered. 1040 ez 2014 Maple can depreciate the leased cars because the cars are not held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business, but are leased. 1040 ez 2014 If Maple buys cars at wholesale prices, leases them for a short time, and then sells them at retail prices or in sales in which a dealer's profit is intended, the cars are treated as inventory and are not depreciable property. 1040 ez 2014 In this situation, the cars are held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. 1040 ez 2014 Containers. 1040 ez 2014   Generally, containers for the products you sell are part of inventory and you cannot depreciate them. 1040 ez 2014 However, you can depreciate containers used to ship your products if they have a life longer than one year and meet the following requirements. 1040 ez 2014 They qualify as property used in your business. 1040 ez 2014 Title to the containers does not pass to the buyer. 1040 ez 2014   To determine if these requirements are met, consider the following questions. 1040 ez 2014 Does your sales contract, sales invoice, or other type of order acknowledgment indicate whether you have retained title? Does your invoice treat the containers as separate items? Do any of your records state your basis in the containers? Property Having a Determinable Useful Life To be depreciable, your property must have a determinable useful life. 1040 ez 2014 This means that it must be something that wears out, decays, gets used up, becomes obsolete, or loses its value from natural causes. 1040 ez 2014 Property Lasting More Than One Year To be depreciable, property must have a useful life that extends substantially beyond the year you place it in service. 1040 ez 2014 Example. 1040 ez 2014 You maintain a library for use in your profession. 1040 ez 2014 You can depreciate it. 1040 ez 2014 However, if you buy technical books, journals, or information services for use in your business that have a useful life of one year or less, you cannot depreciate them. 1040 ez 2014 Instead, you deduct their cost as a business expense. 1040 ez 2014 What Property Cannot Be Depreciated? Certain property cannot be depreciated. 1040 ez 2014 This includes land and certain excepted property. 1040 ez 2014 Land You cannot depreciate the cost of land because land does not wear out, become obsolete, or get used up. 1040 ez 2014 The cost of land generally includes the cost of clearing, grading, planting, and landscaping. 1040 ez 2014 Although you cannot depreciate land, you can depreciate certain land preparation costs, such as landscaping costs, incurred in preparing land for business use. 1040 ez 2014 These costs must be so closely associated with other depreciable property that you can determine a life for them along with the life of the associated property. 1040 ez 2014 Example. 1040 ez 2014 You constructed a new building for use in your business and paid for grading, clearing, seeding, and planting bushes and trees. 1040 ez 2014 Some of the bushes and trees were planted right next to the building, while others were planted around the outer border of the lot. 1040 ez 2014 If you replace the building, you would have to destroy the bushes and trees right next to it. 1040 ez 2014 These bushes and trees are closely associated with the building, so they have a determinable useful life. 1040 ez 2014 Therefore, you can depreciate them. 1040 ez 2014 Add your other land preparation costs to the basis of your land because they have no determinable life and you cannot depreciate them. 1040 ez 2014 Excepted Property Even if the requirements explained in the preceding discussions are met, you cannot depreciate the following property. 1040 ez 2014 Property placed in service and disposed of in the same year. 1040 ez 2014 Determining when property is placed in service is explained later. 1040 ez 2014 Equipment used to build capital improvements. 1040 ez 2014 You must add otherwise allowable depreciation on the equipment during the period of construction to the basis of your improvements. 1040 ez 2014 See Uniform Capitalization Rules in Publication 551. 1040 ez 2014 Section 197 intangibles. 1040 ez 2014 You must amortize these costs. 1040 ez 2014 Section 197 intangibles are discussed in detail in Chapter 8 of Publication 535. 1040 ez 2014 Intangible property, such as certain computer software, that is not section 197 intangible property, can be depreciated if it meets certain requirements. 1040 ez 2014 See Intangible Property , later. 1040 ez 2014 Certain term interests. 1040 ez 2014 Certain term interests in property. 1040 ez 2014   You cannot depreciate a term interest in property created or acquired after July 27, 1989, for any period during which the remainder interest is held, directly or indirectly, by a person related to you. 1040 ez 2014 A term interest in property means a life interest in property, an interest in property for a term of years, or an income interest in a trust. 1040 ez 2014 Related persons. 1040 ez 2014   For a description of related persons, see Related Persons, later. 1040 ez 2014 For this purpose, however, treat as related persons only the relationships listed in items (1) through (10) of that discussion and substitute “50%” for “10%” each place it appears. 1040 ez 2014 Basis adjustments. 1040 ez 2014   If you would be allowed a depreciation deduction for a term interest in property except that the holder of the remainder interest is related to you, you generally must reduce your basis in the term interest by any depreciation or amortization not allowed. 1040 ez 2014   If you hold the remainder interest, you generally must increase your basis in that interest by the depreciation not allowed to the term interest holder. 1040 ez 2014 However, do not increase your basis for depreciation not allowed for periods during which either of the following situations applies. 1040 ez 2014 The term interest is held by an organization exempt from tax. 1040 ez 2014 The term interest is held by a nonresident alien individual or foreign corporation, and the income from the term interest is not effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the United States. 1040 ez 2014 Exceptions. 1040 ez 2014   The above rules do not apply to the holder of a term interest in property acquired by gift, bequest, or inheritance. 1040 ez 2014 They also do not apply to the holder of dividend rights that were separated from any stripped preferred stock if the rights were purchased after April 30, 1993, or to a person whose basis in the stock is determined by reference to the basis in the hands of the purchaser. 1040 ez 2014 When Does Depreciation Begin and End? You begin to depreciate your property when you place it in service for use in your trade or business or for the production of income. 1040 ez 2014 You stop depreciating property either when you have fully recovered your cost or other basis or when you retire it from service, whichever happens first. 1040 ez 2014 Placed in Service You place property in service when it is ready and available for a specific use, whether in a business activity, an income-producing activity, a tax-exempt activity, or a personal activity. 1040 ez 2014 Even if you are not using the property, it is in service when it is ready and available for its specific use. 1040 ez 2014 Example 1. 1040 ez 2014 Donald Steep bought a machine for his business. 1040 ez 2014 The machine was delivered last year. 1040 ez 2014 However, it was not installed and operational until this year. 1040 ez 2014 It is considered placed in service this year. 1040 ez 2014 If the machine had been ready and available for use when it was delivered, it would be considered placed in service last year even if it was not actually used until this year. 1040 ez 2014 Example 2. 1040 ez 2014 On April 6, Sue Thorn bought a house to use as residential rental property. 1040 ez 2014 She made several repairs and had it ready for rent on July 5. 1040 ez 2014 At that time, she began to advertise it for rent in the local newspaper. 1040 ez 2014 The house is considered placed in service in July when it was ready and available for rent. 1040 ez 2014 She can begin to depreciate it in July. 1040 ez 2014 Example 3. 1040 ez 2014 James Elm is a building contractor who specializes in constructing office buildings. 1040 ez 2014 He bought a truck last year that had to be modified to lift materials to second-story levels. 1040 ez 2014 The installation of the lifting equipment was completed and James accepted delivery of the modified truck on January 10 of this year. 1040 ez 2014 The truck was placed in service on January 10, the date it was ready and available to perform the function for which it was bought. 1040 ez 2014 Conversion to business use. 1040 ez 2014   If you place property in service in a personal activity, you cannot claim depreciation. 1040 ez 2014 However, if you change the property's use to use in a business or income-producing activity, then you can begin to depreciate it at the time of the change. 1040 ez 2014 You place the property in service in the business or income-producing activity on the date of the change. 1040 ez 2014 Example. 1040 ez 2014 You bought a home and used it as your personal home several years before you converted it to rental property. 1040 ez 2014 Although its specific use was personal and no depreciation was allowable, you placed the home in service when you began using it as your home. 1040 ez 2014 You can begin to claim depreciation in the year you converted it to rental property because its use changed to an income-producing use at that time. 1040 ez 2014 Idle Property Continue to claim a deduction for depreciation on property used in your business or for the production of income even if it is temporarily idle (not in use). 1040 ez 2014 For example, if you stop using a machine because there is a temporary lack of a market for a product made with that machine, continue to deduct depreciation on the machine. 1040 ez 2014 Cost or Other Basis Fully Recovered You stop depreciating property when you have fully recovered your cost or other basis. 1040 ez 2014 You recover your basis when your section 179 and allowed or allowable depreciation deductions equal your cost or investment in the property. 1040 ez 2014 See What Is the Basis of Your Depreciable Property , later. 1040 ez 2014 Retired From Service You stop depreciating property when you retire it from service, even if you have not fully recovered its cost or other basis. 1040 ez 2014 You retire property from service when you permanently withdraw it from use in a trade or business or from use in the production of income because of any of the following events. 1040 ez 2014 You sell or exchange the property. 1040 ez 2014 You convert the property to personal use. 1040 ez 2014 You abandon the property. 1040 ez 2014 You transfer the property to a supplies or scrap account. 1040 ez 2014 The property is destroyed. 1040 ez 2014 If you included the property in a general asset account, see How Do You Use General Asset Accounts in chapter 4 for the rules that apply when you dispose of that property. 1040 ez 2014 What Method Can You Use To Depreciate Your Property? You must use the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS) to depreciate most property. 1040 ez 2014 MACRS is discussed in chapter 4. 1040 ez 2014 You cannot use MACRS to depreciate the following property. 1040 ez 2014 Property you placed in service before 1987. 1040 ez 2014 Certain property owned or used in 1986. 1040 ez 2014 Intangible property. 1040 ez 2014 Films, video tapes, and recordings. 1040 ez 2014 Certain corporate or partnership property acquired in a nontaxable transfer. 1040 ez 2014 Property you elected to exclude from MACRS. 1040 ez 2014 The following discussions describe the property listed above and explain what depreciation method should be used. 1040 ez 2014 Property You Placed in Service Before 1987 You cannot use MACRS for property you placed in service before 1987 (except property you placed in service after July 31, 1986, if MACRS was elected). 1040 ez 2014 Property placed in service before 1987 must be depreciated under the methods discussed in Publication 534. 1040 ez 2014 For a discussion of when property is placed in service, see When Does Depreciation Begin and End , earlier. 1040 ez 2014 Use of real property changed. 1040 ez 2014   You generally must use MACRS to depreciate real property that you acquired for personal use before 1987 and changed to business or income-producing use after 1986. 1040 ez 2014 Improvements made after 1986. 1040 ez 2014   You must treat an improvement made after 1986 to property you placed in service before 1987 as separate depreciable property. 1040 ez 2014 Therefore, you can depreciate that improvement as separate property under MACRS if it is the type of property that otherwise qualifies for MACRS depreciation. 1040 ez 2014 For more information about improvements, see How Do You Treat Repairs and Improvements , later and Additions and Improvements under Which Recovery Period Applies in chapter 4. 1040 ez 2014 Property Owned or Used in 1986 You may not be able to use MACRS for property you acquired and placed in service after 1986 if any of the situations described below apply. 1040 ez 2014 If you cannot use MACRS, the property must be depreciated under the methods discussed in Publication 534. 1040 ez 2014 For the following discussions, do not treat property as owned before you placed it in service. 1040 ez 2014 If you owned property in 1986 but did not place it in service until 1987, you do not treat it as owned in 1986. 1040 ez 2014 Personal property. 1040 ez 2014   You cannot use MACRS for personal property (section 1245 property) in any of the following situations. 1040 ez 2014 You or someone related to you owned or used the property in 1986. 1040 ez 2014 You acquired the property from a person who owned it in 1986 and as part of the transaction the user of the property did not change. 1040 ez 2014 You lease the property to a person (or someone related to this person) who owned or used the property in 1986. 1040 ez 2014 You acquired the property in a transaction in which: The user of the property did not change, and The property was not MACRS property in the hands of the person from whom you acquired it because of (2) or (3) above. 1040 ez 2014 Real property. 1040 ez 2014   You generally cannot use MACRS for real property (section 1250 property) in any of the following situations. 1040 ez 2014 You or someone related to you owned the property in 1986. 1040 ez 2014 You lease the property to a person who owned the property in 1986 (or someone related to that person). 1040 ez 2014 You acquired the property in a like-kind exchange, involuntary conversion, or repossession of property you or someone related to you owned in 1986. 1040 ez 2014 MACRS applies only to that part of your basis in the acquired property that represents cash paid or unlike property given up. 1040 ez 2014 It does not apply to the carried-over part of the basis. 1040 ez 2014 Exceptions. 1040 ez 2014   The rules above do not apply to the following. 1040 ez 2014 Residential rental property or nonresidential real property. 1040 ez 2014 Any property if, in the first tax year it is placed in service, the deduction under the Accelerated Cost Recovery System (ACRS) is more than the deduction under MACRS using the half-year convention. 1040 ez 2014 For information on how to figure depreciation under ACRS, see Publication 534. 1040 ez 2014 Property that was MACRS property in the hands of the person from whom you acquired it because of (2) above. 1040 ez 2014 Related persons. 1040 ez 2014   For this purpose, the following are related persons. 1040 ez 2014 An individual and a member of his or her family, including only a spouse, child, parent, brother, sister, half-brother, half-sister, ancestor, and lineal descendant. 1040 ez 2014 A corporation and an individual who directly or indirectly owns more than 10% of the value of the outstanding stock of that corporation. 1040 ez 2014 Two corporations that are members of the same controlled group. 1040 ez 2014 A trust fiduciary and a corporation if more than 10% of the value of the outstanding stock is directly or indirectly owned by or for the trust or grantor of the trust. 1040 ez 2014 The grantor and fiduciary, and the fiduciary and beneficiary, of any trust. 1040 ez 2014 The fiduciaries of two different trusts, and the fiduciaries and beneficiaries of two different trusts, if the same person is the grantor of both trusts. 1040 ez 2014 A tax-exempt educational or charitable organization and any person (or, if that person is an individual, a member of that person's family) who directly or indirectly controls the organization. 1040 ez 2014 Two S corporations, and an S corporation and a regular corporation, if the same persons own more than 10% of the value of the outstanding stock of each corporation. 1040 ez 2014 A corporation and a partnership if the same persons own both of the following. 1040 ez 2014 More than 10% of the value of the outstanding stock of the corporation. 1040 ez 2014 More than 10% of the capital or profits interest in the partnership. 1040 ez 2014 The executor and beneficiary of any estate. 1040 ez 2014 A partnership and a person who directly or indirectly owns more than 10% of the capital or profits interest in the partnership. 1040 ez 2014 Two partnerships, if the same persons directly or indirectly own more than 10% of the capital or profits interest in each. 1040 ez 2014 The related person and a person who is engaged in trades or businesses under common control. 1040 ez 2014 See section 52(a) and 52(b) of the Internal Revenue Code. 1040 ez 2014 When to determine relationship. 1040 ez 2014   You must determine whether you are related to another person at the time you acquire the property. 1040 ez 2014   A partnership acquiring property from a terminating partnership must determine whether it is related to the terminating partnership immediately before the event causing the termination. 1040 ez 2014 For this rule, a terminating partnership is one that sells or exchanges, within 12 months, 50% or more of its total interest in partnership capital or profits. 1040 ez 2014 Constructive ownership of stock or partnership interest. 1040 ez 2014   To determine whether a person directly or indirectly owns any of the outstanding stock of a corporation or an interest in a partnership, apply the following rules. 1040 ez 2014 Stock or a partnership interest directly or indirectly owned by or for a corporation, partnership, estate, or trust is considered owned proportionately by or for its shareholders, partners, or beneficiaries. 1040 ez 2014 However, for a partnership interest owned by or for a C corporation, this applies only to shareholders who directly or indirectly own 5% or more of the value of the stock of the corporation. 1040 ez 2014 An individual is considered to own the stock or partnership interest directly or indirectly owned by or for the individual's family. 1040 ez 2014 An individual who owns, except by applying rule (2), any stock in a corporation is considered to own the stock directly or indirectly owned by or for the individual's partner. 1040 ez 2014 For purposes of rules (1), (2), or (3), stock or a partnership interest considered to be owned by a person under rule (1) is treated as actually owned by that person. 1040 ez 2014 However, stock or a partnership interest considered to be owned by an individual under rule (2) or (3) is not treated as owned by that individual for reapplying either rule (2) or (3) to make another person considered to be the owner of the same stock or partnership interest. 1040 ez 2014 Intangible Property Generally, if you can depreciate intangible property, you usually use the straight line method of depreciation. 1040 ez 2014 However, you can choose to depreciate certain intangible property under the income forecast method (discussed later). 1040 ez 2014 You cannot depreciate intangible property that is a section 197 intangible or that otherwise does not meet all the requirements discussed earlier under What Property Can Be Depreciated. 1040 ez 2014 Straight Line Method This method lets you deduct the same amount of depreciation each year over the useful life of the property. 1040 ez 2014 To figure your deduction, first determine the adjusted basis, salvage value, and estimated useful life of your property. 1040 ez 2014 Subtract the salvage value, if any, from the adjusted basis. 1040 ez 2014 The balance is the total depreciation you can take over the useful life of the property. 1040 ez 2014 Divide the balance by the number of years in the useful life. 1040 ez 2014 This gives you your yearly depreciation deduction. 1040 ez 2014 Unless there is a big change in adjusted basis or useful life, this amount will stay the same throughout the time you depreciate the property. 1040 ez 2014 If, in the first year, you use the property for less than a full year, you must prorate your depreciation deduction for the number of months in use. 1040 ez 2014 Example. 1040 ez 2014 In April, Frank bought a patent for $5,100 that is not a section 197 intangible. 1040 ez 2014 He depreciates the patent under the straight line method, using a 17-year useful life and no salvage value. 1040 ez 2014 He divides the $5,100 basis by 17 years to get his $300 yearly depreciation deduction. 1040 ez 2014 He only used the patent for 9 months during the first year, so he multiplies $300 by 9/12 to get his deduction of $225 for the first year. 1040 ez 2014 Next year, Frank can deduct $300 for the full year. 1040 ez 2014 Patents and copyrights. 1040 ez 2014   If you can depreciate the cost of a patent or copyright, use the straight line method over the useful life. 1040 ez 2014 The useful life of a patent or copyright is the lesser of the life granted to it by the government or the remaining life when you acquire it. 1040 ez 2014 However, if the patent or copyright becomes valueless before the end of its useful life, you can deduct in that year any of its remaining cost or other basis. 1040 ez 2014 Computer software. 1040 ez 2014   Computer software is generally a section 197 intangible and cannot be depreciated if you acquired it in connection with the acquisition of assets constituting a business or a substantial part of a business. 1040 ez 2014   However, computer software is not a section 197 intangible and can be depreciated, even if acquired in connection with the acquisition of a business, if it meets all of the following tests. 1040 ez 2014 It is readily available for purchase by the general public. 1040 ez 2014 It is subject to a nonexclusive license. 1040 ez 2014 It has not been substantially modified. 1040 ez 2014   If the software meets the tests above, it may also qualify for the section 179 deduction and the special depreciation allowance, discussed later. 1040 ez 2014 If you can depreciate the cost of computer software, use the straight line method over a useful life of 36 months. 1040 ez 2014    Tax-exempt use property subject to a lease. 1040 ez 2014   The useful life of computer software leased under a lease agreement entered into after March 12, 2004, to a tax-exempt organization, governmental unit, or foreign person or entity (other than a partnership), cannot be less than 125% of the lease term. 1040 ez 2014 Certain created intangibles. 1040 ez 2014   You can amortize certain intangibles created on or after December 31, 2003, over a 15-year period using the straight line method and no salvage value, even though they have a useful life that cannot be estimated with reasonable accuracy. 1040 ez 2014 For example, amounts paid to acquire memberships or privileges of indefinite duration, such as a trade association membership, are eligible costs. 1040 ez 2014   The following are not eligible. 1040 ez 2014 Any intangible asset acquired from another person. 1040 ez 2014 Created financial interests. 1040 ez 2014 Any intangible asset that has a useful life that can be estimated with reasonable accuracy. 1040 ez 2014 Any intangible asset that has an amortization period or limited useful life that is specifically prescribed or prohibited by the Code, regulations, or other published IRS guidance. 1040 ez 2014 Any amount paid to facilitate an acquisition of a trade or business, a change in the capital structure of a business entity, and certain other transactions. 1040 ez 2014   You must also increase the 15-year safe harbor amortization period to a 25-year period for certain intangibles related to benefits arising from the provision, production, or improvement of real property. 1040 ez 2014 For this purpose, real property includes property that will remain attached to the real property for an indefinite period of time, such as roads, bridges, tunnels, pavements, and pollution control facilities. 1040 ez 2014 Income Forecast Method You can choose to use the income forecast method instead of the straight line method to depreciate the following depreciable intangibles. 1040 ez 2014 Motion picture films or video tapes. 1040 ez 2014 Sound recordings. 1040 ez 2014 Copyrights. 1040 ez 2014 Books. 1040 ez 2014 Patents. 1040 ez 2014 Under the income forecast method, each year's depreciation deduction is equal to the cost of the property, multiplied by a fraction. 1040 ez 2014 The numerator of the fraction is the current year's net income from the property, and the denominator is the total income anticipated from the property through the end of the 10th taxable year following the taxable year the property is placed in service. 1040 ez 2014 For more information, see section 167(g) of the Internal Revenue Code. 1040 ez 2014 Films, video tapes, and recordings. 1040 ez 2014   You cannot use MACRS for motion picture films, video tapes, and sound recordings. 1040 ez 2014 For this purpose, sound recordings are discs, tapes, or other phonorecordings resulting from the fixation of a series of sounds. 1040 ez 2014 You can depreciate this property using either the straight line method or the income forecast method. 1040 ez 2014 Participations and residuals. 1040 ez 2014   You can include participations and residuals in the adjusted basis of the property for purposes of computing your depreciation deduction under the income forecast method. 1040 ez 2014 The participations and residuals must relate to income to be derived from the property before the end of the 10th taxable year after the property is placed in service. 1040 ez 2014 For this purpose, participations and residuals are defined as costs which by contract vary with the amount of income earned in connection with the property. 1040 ez 2014   Instead of including these amounts in the adjusted basis of the property, you can deduct the costs in the taxable year that they are paid. 1040 ez 2014 Videocassettes. 1040 ez 2014   If you are in the business of renting videocassettes, you can depreciate only those videocassettes bought for rental. 1040 ez 2014 If the videocassette has a useful life of one year or less, you can currently deduct the cost as a business expense. 1040 ez 2014 Corporate or Partnership Property Acquired in a Nontaxable Transfer MACRS does not apply to property used before 1987 and transferred after 1986 to a corporation or partnership (except property the transferor placed in service after July 31, 1986, if MACRS was elected) to the extent its basis is carried over from the property's adjusted basis in the transferor's hands. 1040 ez 2014 You must continue to use the same depreciation method as the transferor and figure depreciation as if the transfer had not occurred. 1040 ez 2014 However, if MACRS would otherwise apply, you can use it to depreciate the part of the property's basis that exceeds the carried-over basis. 1040 ez 2014 The nontaxable transfers covered by this rule include the following. 1040 ez 2014 A distribution in complete liquidation of a subsidiary. 1040 ez 2014 A transfer to a corporation controlled by the transferor. 1040 ez 2014 An exchange of property solely for corporate stock or securities in a reorganization. 1040 ez 2014 A contribution of property to a partnership in exchange for a partnership interest. 1040 ez 2014 A partnership distribution of property to a partner. 1040 ez 2014 Election To Exclude Property From MACRS If you can properly depreciate any property under a method not based on a term of years, such as the unit-of-production method, you can elect to exclude that property from MACRS. 1040 ez 2014 You make the election by reporting your depreciation for the property on line 15 in Part II of Form 4562 and attaching a statement as described in the instructions for Form 4562. 1040 ez 2014 You must make this election by the return due date (including extensions) for the tax year you place your property in service. 1040 ez 2014 However, if you timely filed your return for the year without making the election, you can still make the election by filing an amended return within six months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). 1040 ez 2014 Attach the election to the amended return and write “Filed pursuant to section 301. 1040 ez 2014 9100-2” on the election statement. 1040 ez 2014 File the amended return at the same address you filed the original return. 1040 ez 2014 Use of standard mileage rate. 1040 ez 2014   If you use the standard mileage rate to figure your tax deduction for your business automobile, you are treated as having made an election to exclude the automobile from MACRS. 1040 ez 2014 See Publication 463 for a discussion of the standard mileage rate. 1040 ez 2014 What Is the Basis of Your Depreciable Property? To figure your depreciation deduction, you must determine the basis of your property. 1040 ez 2014 To determine basis, you need to know the cost or other basis of your property. 1040 ez 2014 Cost as Basis The basis of property you buy is its cost plus amounts you paid for items such as sales tax (see Exception , below), freight charges, and installation and testing fees. 1040 ez 2014 The cost includes the amount you pay in cash, debt obligations, other property, or services. 1040 ez 2014 Exception. 1040 ez 2014   You can elect to deduct state and local general sales taxes instead of state and local income taxes as an itemized deduction on Schedule A (Form 1040). 1040 ez 2014 If you make that choice, you cannot include those sales taxes as part of your cost basis. 1040 ez 2014 Assumed debt. 1040 ez 2014   If you buy property and assume (or buy subject to) an existing mortgage or other debt on the property, your basis includes the amount you pay for the property plus the amount of the assumed debt. 1040 ez 2014 Example. 1040 ez 2014 You make a $20,000 down payment on property and assume the seller's mortgage of $120,000. 1040 ez 2014 Your total cost is $140,000, the cash you paid plus the mortgage you assumed. 1040 ez 2014 Settlement costs. 1040 ez 2014   The basis of real property also includes certain fees and charges you pay in addition to the purchase price. 1040 ez 2014 These generally are shown on your settlement statement and include the following. 1040 ez 2014 Legal and recording fees. 1040 ez 2014 Abstract fees. 1040 ez 2014 Survey charges. 1040 ez 2014 Owner's title insurance. 1040 ez 2014 Amounts the seller owes that you agree to pay, such as back taxes or interest, recording or mortgage fees, charges for improvements or repairs, and sales commissions. 1040 ez 2014   For fees and charges you cannot include in the basis of property, see Real Property in Publication 551. 1040 ez 2014 Property you construct or build. 1040 ez 2014   If you construct, build, or otherwise produce property for use in your business, you may have to use the uniform capitalization rules to determine the basis of your property. 1040 ez 2014 For information about the uniform capitalization rules, see Publication 551 and the regulations under section 263A of the Internal Revenue Code. 1040 ez 2014 Other Basis Other basis usually refers to basis that is determined by the way you received the property. 1040 ez 2014 For example, your basis is other than cost if you acquired the property in exchange for other property, as payment for services you performed, as a gift, or as an inheritance. 1040 ez 2014 If you acquired property in this or some other way, see Publication 551 to determine your basis. 1040 ez 2014 Property changed from personal use. 1040 ez 2014   If you held property for personal use and later use it in your business or income-producing activity, your depreciable basis is the lesser of the following. 1040 ez 2014 The fair market value (FMV) of the property on the date of the change in use. 1040 ez 2014 Your original cost or other basis adjusted as follows. 1040 ez 2014 Increased by the cost of any permanent improvements or additions and other costs that must be added to basis. 1040 ez 2014 Decreased by any deductions you claimed for casualty and theft losses and other items that reduced your basis. 1040 ez 2014 Example. 1040 ez 2014 Several years ago, Nia paid $160,000 to have her home built on a lot that cost her $25,000. 1040 ez 2014 Before changing the property to rental use last year, she paid $20,000 for permanent improvements to the house and claimed a $2,000 casualty loss deduction for damage to the house. 1040 ez 2014 Land is not depreciable, so she includes only the cost of the house when figuring the basis for depreciation. 1040 ez 2014 Nia's adjusted basis in the house when she changed its use was $178,000 ($160,000 + $20,000 − $2,000). 1040 ez 2014 On the same date, her property had an FMV of $180,000, of which $15,000 was for the land and $165,000 was for the house. 1040 ez 2014 The basis for depreciation on the house is the FMV on the date of change ($165,000), because it is less than her adjusted basis ($178,000). 1040 ez 2014 Property acquired in a nontaxable transaction. 1040 ez 2014   Generally, if you receive property in a nontaxable exchange, the basis of the property you receive is the same as the adjusted basis of the property you gave up. 1040 ez 2014 Special rules apply in determining the basis and figuring the MACRS depreciation deduction and special depreciation allowance for property acquired in a like-kind exchange or involuntary conversion. 1040 ez 2014 See Like-kind exchanges and involuntary conversions. 1040 ez 2014 under How Much Can You Deduct? in chapter 3 and Figuring the Deduction for Property Acquired in a Nontaxable Exchange in chapter 4. 1040 ez 2014   There are also special rules for determining the basis of MACRS property involved in a like-kind exchange or involuntary conversion when the property is contained in a general asset account. 1040 ez 2014 See How Do You Use General Asset Accounts in chapter 4. 1040 ez 2014 Adjusted Basis To find your property's basis for depreciation, you may have to make certain adjustments (increases and decreases) to the basis of the property for events occurring between the time you acquired the property and the time you placed it in service. 1040 ez 2014 These events could include the following. 1040 ez 2014 Installing utility lines. 1040 ez 2014 Paying legal fees for perfecting the title. 1040 ez 2014 Settling zoning issues. 1040 ez 2014 Receiving rebates. 1040 ez 2014 Incurring a casualty or theft loss. 1040 ez 2014 For a discussion of adjustments to the basis of your property, see Adjusted Basis in Publication 551. 1040 ez 2014 If you depreciate your property under MACRS, you also may have to reduce your basis by certain deductions and credits with respect to the property. 1040 ez 2014 For more information, see What Is the Basis for Depreciation in chapter 4. 1040 ez 2014 . 1040 ez 2014 Basis adjustment for depreciation allowed or allowable. 1040 ez 2014   You must reduce the basis of property by the depreciation allowed or allowable, whichever is greater. 1040 ez 2014 Depreciation allowed is depreciation you actually deducted (from which you received a tax benefit). 1040 ez 2014 Depreciation allowable is depreciation you are entitled to deduct. 1040 ez 2014   If you do not claim depreciation you are entitled to deduct, you must still reduce the basis of the property by the full amount of depreciation allowable. 1040 ez 2014   If you deduct more depreciation than you should, you must reduce your basis by any amount deducted from which you received a tax benefit (the depreciation allowed). 1040 ez 2014 How Do You Treat Repairs and Improvements? If you improve depreciable property, you must treat the improvement as separate depreciable property. 1040 ez 2014 Improvement means an addition to or partial replacement of property that adds to its value, appreciably lengthens the time you can use it, or adapts it to a different use. 1040 ez 2014 You generally deduct the cost of repairing business property in the same way as any other business expense. 1040 ez 2014 However, if a repair or replacement increases the value of your property, makes it more useful, or lengthens its life, you must treat it as an improvement and depreciate it. 1040 ez 2014 Example. 1040 ez 2014 You repair a small section on one corner of the roof of a rental house. 1040 ez 2014 You deduct the cost of the repair as a rental expense. 1040 ez 2014 However, if you completely replace the roof, the new roof is an improvement because it increases the value and lengthens the life of the property. 1040 ez 2014 You depreciate the cost of the new roof. 1040 ez 2014 Improvements to rented property. 1040 ez 2014   You can depreciate permanent improvements you make to business property you rent from someone else. 1040 ez 2014 Do You Have To File Form 4562? Use Form 4562 to figure your deduction for depreciation and amortization. 1040 ez 2014 Attach Form 4562 to your tax return for the current tax year if you are claiming any of the following items. 1040 ez 2014 A section 179 deduction for the current year or a section 179 carryover from a prior year. 1040 ez 2014 See chapter 2 for information on the section 179 deduction. 1040 ez 2014 Depreciation for property placed in service during the current year. 1040 ez 2014 Depreciation on any vehicle or other listed property, regardless of when it was placed in service. 1040 ez 2014 See chapter 5 for information on listed property. 1040 ez 2014 A deduction for any vehicle if the deduction is reported on a form other than Schedule C (Form 1040) or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040). 1040 ez 2014 Amortization of costs if the current year is the first year of the amortization period. 1040 ez 2014 Depreciation or amortization on any asset on a corporate income tax return (other than Form 1120S, U. 1040 ez 2014 S. 1040 ez 2014 Income Tax Return for an S Corporation) regardless of when it was placed in service. 1040 ez 2014 You must submit a separate Form 4562 for each business or activity on your return for which a Form 4562 is required. 1040 ez 2014 Table 1-1 presents an overview of the purpose of the various parts of Form 4562. 1040 ez 2014 Employee. 1040 ez 2014   Do not use Form 4562 if you are an employee and you deduct job-related vehicle expenses using either actual expenses (including depreciation) or the standard mileage rate. 1040 ez 2014 Instead, use either Form 2106 or Form 2106-EZ. 1040 ez 2014 Use Form 2106-EZ if you are claiming the standard mileage rate and you are not reimbursed by your employer for any expenses. 1040 ez 2014 How Do You Correct Depreciation Deductions? If you deducted an incorrect amount of depreciation in any year, you may be able to make a correction by filing an amended return for that year. 1040 ez 2014 See Filing an Amended Return , next. 1040 ez 2014 If you are not allowed to make the correction on an amended return, you may be able to change your accounting method to claim the correct amount of depreciation. 1040 ez 2014 See Changing Your Accounting Method , later. 1040 ez 2014 Filing an Amended Return You can file an amended return to correct the amount of depreciation claimed for any property in any of the following situations. 1040 ez 2014 You claimed the incorrect amount because of a mathematical error made in any year. 1040 ez 2014 You claimed the incorrect amount because of a posting error made in any year. 1040 ez 2014 You have not adopted a method of accounting for property placed in service by you in tax years ending after December 29, 2003. 1040 ez 2014 You claimed the incorrect amount on property placed in service by you in tax years ending before December 30, 2003. 1040 ez 2014 Adoption of accounting method defined. 1040 ez 2014   Generally, you adopt a method of accounting for depreciation by using a permissible method of determining depreciation when you file your first tax return, or by using the same impermissible method of determining depreciation in two or more consecutively filed tax returns. 1040 ez 2014   For an exception to this 2-year rule, see Revenue Procedure 2011-14 on page 330 of the Internal Revenue Bulletin 2011-4, available at www. 1040 ez 2014 irs. 1040 ez 2014 gov/pub/irs-irbs/irb11-04. 1040 ez 2014 pdf. 1040 ez 2014 (Note. 1040 ez 2014 Revenue Procedure 2011-14 is clarified and modified by Revenue Procedure 2012-20. 1040 ez 2014 For more information, see Revenue Procedure 2012-20 on page 700 of the Internal Revenue Bulletin 2012-14, available at www. 1040 ez 2014 irs. 1040 ez 2014 gov/pub/irs-irbs/irb12-14. 1040 ez 2014 pdf. 1040 ez 2014 )   For a safe harbor method of accounting to treat rotable spare parts as depreciable assets and procedures to obtain automatic consent to change to the safe harbor method of accounting, see Revenue Procedure 2007-48 on page 110 of Internal Revenue Bulletin 2007-29, available at www. 1040 ez 2014 irs. 1040 ez 2014 gov/pub/irs-irbs/irb07-29. 1040 ez 2014 pdf. 1040 ez 2014 When to file. 1040 ez 2014   If an amended return is allowed, you must file it by the later of the following. 1040 ez 2014 3 years from the date you filed your original return for the year in which you did not deduct the correct amount. 1040 ez 2014 A return filed before an unextended due date is considered filed on that due date. 1040 ez 2014 2 years from the time you paid your tax for that year. 1040 ez 2014 Changing Your Accounting Method Generally, you must get IRS approval to change your method of accounting. 1040 ez 2014 You generally must file Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Method, to request a change in your method of accounting for depreciation. 1040 ez 2014 The following are examples of a change in method of accounting for depreciation. 1040 ez 2014 A change from an impermissible method of determining depreciation for depreciable property, if the impermissible method was used in two or more consecutively filed tax returns. 1040 ez 2014 A change in the treatment of an asset from nondepreciable to depreciable or vice versa. 1040 ez 2014 A change in the depreciation method, period of recovery, or convention of a depreciable asset. 1040 ez 2014 A change from not claiming to claiming the special depreciation allowance if you did not make the election to not claim any special allowance. 1040 ez 2014 A change from claiming a 50% special depreciation allowance to claiming a 30% special depreciation allowance for qualified property (including property that is included in a class of property for which you elected a 30% special allowance instead of a 50% special allowance). 1040 ez 2014 Changes in depreciation that are not a change in method of accounting (and may only be made on an amended return) include the following. 1040 ez 2014 An adjustment in the useful life of a depreciable asset for which depreciation is determined under section 167. 1040 ez 2014 A change in use of an asset in the hands of the same taxpayer. 1040 ez 2014 Making a late depreciation election or revoking a timely valid depreciation election (including the election not to deduct the special depreciation allowance). 1040 ez 2014 If you elected not to claim any special allowance, a change from not claiming to claiming the special allowance is a revocation of the election and is not an accounting method change. 1040 ez 2014 Generally, you must get IRS approval to make a late depreciation election or revoke a depreciation election. 1040 ez 2014 You must submit a request for a letter ruling to make a late election or revoke an election. 1040 ez 2014 Any change in the placed in service date of a depreciable asset. 1040 ez 2014 See section 1. 1040 ez 2014 446-1(e)(2)(ii)(d) of the regulations for more information and examples. 1040 ez 2014 IRS approval. 1040 ez 2014   In some instances, you may be able to get approval from the IRS to change your method of accounting for depreciation under the automatic change request procedures generally covered in Revenue Procedure 2011-14. 1040 ez 2014 If you do not qualify to use the automatic procedures to get approval, you must use the advance consent request procedures generally covered in Revenue Procedure 97-27, 1997-1 C. 1040 ez 2014 B. 1040 ez 2014 680. 1040 ez 2014 Also see the Instructions for Form 3115 for more information on getting approval, including lists of scope limitations and automatic accounting method changes. 1040 ez 2014 Additional guidance. 1040 ez 2014    For additional guidance and special procedures for changing your accounting method, automatic change procedures, amending your return, and filing Form 3115, see Revenue Procedure 2011-14 on page 330 of the Internal Revenue Bulletin 2011-4, available at www. 1040 ez 2014 irs. 1040 ez 2014 gov/pub/irs-irbs/irb11-04. 1040 ez 2014 pdf. 1040 ez 2014 (Note. 1040 ez 2014 Revenue Procedure 2011-14 is clarified and modified by Revenue Procedure 2012-20. 1040 ez 2014 For more information, see Revenue Procedure 2012-20 on page 700 of the Internal Revenue Bulletin 2012-14, available at www. 1040 ez 2014 irs. 1040 ez 2014 gov/pub/irs-irbs/irb12-14. 1040 ez 2014 pdf. 1040 ez 2014 )   For a safe harbor method of accounting to treat rotable spare parts as depreciable assets, see Revenue Procedure 2007-48 on page 110 of Internal Revenue Bulletin 2007-29, available at www. 1040 ez 2014 irs. 1040 ez 2014 gov/pub/irs-irbs/irb07-29. 1040 ez 2014 pdf. 1040 ez 2014 Table 1-1. 1040 ez 2014 Purpose of Form 4562 This table describes the purpose of the various parts of Form 4562. 1040 ez 2014 For more information, see Form 4562 and its instructions. 1040 ez 2014 Part Purpose I • Electing the section 179 deduction • Figuring the maximum section 179 deduction for the current year • Figuring any section 179 deduction carryover to the next year II • Reporting the special depreciation allowance for property (other than listed property) placed in service during the tax year • Reporting depreciation deductions on property being depreciated under any method other than Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS) III • Reporting MACRS depreciation deductions for property placed in service before this year • Reporting MACRS depreciation deductions for property (other than listed property) placed in service during the current year IV • Summarizing other parts V • Reporting the special depreciation allowance for automobiles and other listed property • Reporting MACRS depreciation on automobiles and other listed property • Reporting the section 179 cost elected for automobiles and other listed property • Reporting information on the use of automobiles and other transportation vehicles VI • Reporting amortization deductions Section 481(a) adjustment. 1040 ez 2014   If you file Form 3115 and change from an impermissible method to a permissible method of accounting for depreciation, you can make a section 481(a) adjustment for any unclaimed or excess amount of allowable depreciation. 1040 ez 2014 The adjustment is the difference between the total depreciation actually deducted for the property and the total amount allowable prior to the year of change. 1040 ez 2014 If no depreciation was deducted, the adjustment is the total depreciation allowable prior to the year of change. 1040 ez 2014 A negative section 481(a) adjustment results in a decrease in taxable income. 1040 ez 2014 It is taken into account in the year of change and is reported on your business tax returns as “other expenses. 1040 ez 2014 ” A positive section 481(a) adjustment results in an increase in taxable income. 1040 ez 2014 It is generally taken into account over 4 tax years and is reported on your business tax returns as “other income. 1040 ez 2014 ” However, you can elect to use a one-year adjustment period and report the adjustment in the year of change if the total adjustment is less than $25,000. 1040 ez 2014 Make the election by completing the appropriate line on Form 3115. 1040 ez 2014   If you file a Form 3115 and change from one permissible method to another permissible method, the section 481(a) adjustment is zero. 1040 ez 2014 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications
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The 1040 Ez 2014

1040 ez 2014 5. 1040 ez 2014   Student Loan Cancellations and Repayment Assistance Table of Contents Introduction Student Loan CancellationQualifying Loans Student Loan Repayment Assistance Introduction Generally, if you are responsible for making loan payments, and the loan is canceled (forgiven), you must include the amount that was forgiven in your gross income for tax purposes. 1040 ez 2014 However, if you fulfill certain requirements, two types of student loan assistance may be tax free. 1040 ez 2014 The types of assistance discussed in this chapter are: Student loan cancellation, and Student loan repayment assistance. 1040 ez 2014 Student Loan Cancellation If your student loan is canceled, you may not have to include any amount in income. 1040 ez 2014 This section describes the requirements for tax-free treatment of canceled student loans. 1040 ez 2014 Qualifying Loans To qualify for tax-free treatment, for the cancellation of your loan, your loan must have been made by a qualified lender to assist you in attending an eligible educational institution and contain a provision that all or part of the debt will be canceled if you work: For a certain period of time, In certain professions, and For any of a broad class of employers. 1040 ez 2014 The cancellation of your loan will not qualify for tax-free treatment if it is cancelled because of services you performed for the educational institution that made the loan or other organization that provided the funds. 1040 ez 2014 See Exception, later. 1040 ez 2014 Eligible educational institution. 1040 ez 2014   This is an educational institution that maintains a regular faculty and curriculum and normally has a regularly enrolled body of students in attendance at the place where it carries on its educational activities. 1040 ez 2014 Qualified lenders. 1040 ez 2014   These include the following. 1040 ez 2014 The United States, or an instrumentality thereof. 1040 ez 2014 A state, territory, or possession of the United States, or the District of Columbia, or any political subdivision thereof. 1040 ez 2014 A public benefit corporation that is tax-exempt under section 501(c)(3); and that has assumed control of a state, county, or municipal hospital; and whose employees are considered public employees under state law. 1040 ez 2014 An eligible educational institution, if the loan is made: As part of an agreement with an entity described in (1), (2), (3) under which the funds to make the loan were provided to the educational institution, or Under a program of the educational institution that is designed to encourage its students to serve in occupations with unmet needs or in areas with unmet needs where the services provided by the students (or former students) are for or under the direction of a governmental unit or a tax-exempt section 501(c)(3) organization. 1040 ez 2014   Occupations with unmet needs include medicine, nursing, teaching, and law. 1040 ez 2014 Section 501(c)(3) organization. 1040 ez 2014   This is any corporation, community chest, fund, or foundation organized and operated exclusively for one or more of the following purposes. 1040 ez 2014 Charitable. 1040 ez 2014 Religious. 1040 ez 2014 Educational. 1040 ez 2014 Scientific. 1040 ez 2014 Literary. 1040 ez 2014 Testing for public safety. 1040 ez 2014 Fostering national or international amateur sports competition (but only if none of its activities involve providing athletic facilities or equipment). 1040 ez 2014 The prevention of cruelty to children or animals. 1040 ez 2014 Exception. 1040 ez 2014   The cancellation of your loan does not qualify as tax-free student loan cancellation if your student loan was made by an educational institution and is canceled because of services you performed for the educational institution or other organization that provided the funds. 1040 ez 2014 Refinanced Loan If you refinanced a student loan with another loan from an eligible educational institution or a tax-exempt organization, that loan may also be considered as made by a qualified lender. 1040 ez 2014 The refinanced loan is considered made by a qualified lender if it is made under a program of the refinancing organization that is designed to encourage students to serve in occupations with unmet needs or in areas with unmet needs where the services required of the students are for or under the direction of a governmental unit or a tax-exempt section 501(c)(3) organization. 1040 ez 2014 Student Loan Repayment Assistance Student loan repayments made to you are tax free if you received them for any of the following: The National Health Service Corps (NHSC) Loan Repayment Program (NHSC Loan Repayment Program). 1040 ez 2014 A state education loan repayment program eligible for funds under the Public Health Service Act. 1040 ez 2014 Any other state loan repayment or loan forgiveness program that is intended to provide for the increased availability of health services in under served or health professional shortage areas (as determined by such state). 1040 ez 2014 You cannot deduct the interest you paid on a student loan to the extent payments were made through your participation in the above programs. 1040 ez 2014 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications