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1040 Easy Form 2012

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1040 Easy Form 2012

1040 easy form 2012 1. 1040 easy form 2012   Canceled Debts Table of Contents General RulesForm 1099-C Discounts and loan modifications Sales or other dispositions (such as foreclosures and repossessions) Abandonments Stockholder debt This chapter discusses the tax treatment of canceled debts. 1040 easy form 2012 General Rules Generally, if a debt for which you are personally liable is forgiven or discharged for less than the full amount owed, the debt is considered canceled in whatever amount it remained unpaid. 1040 easy form 2012 There are exceptions to this rule, discussed under Exceptions , later. 1040 easy form 2012 Generally, you must include the canceled debt in your income. 1040 easy form 2012 However, you may be able to exclude the canceled debt. 1040 easy form 2012 See Exclusions , later. 1040 easy form 2012 Example. 1040 easy form 2012 John owed $1,000 to Mary. 1040 easy form 2012 Mary agreed to accept and John paid $400 in satisfaction of the entire debt. 1040 easy form 2012 John has canceled debt of $600. 1040 easy form 2012 Example. 1040 easy form 2012 Margaret owed $1,000 to Henry. 1040 easy form 2012 Henry and Margaret agreed that Margaret would provide Henry with services (instead of money) in full satisfaction of the debt. 1040 easy form 2012 Margaret does not have canceled debt. 1040 easy form 2012 Instead, she has income from services. 1040 easy form 2012 A debt includes any indebtedness: For which you are liable, or Subject to which you hold property. 1040 easy form 2012 Debt for which you are personally liable is recourse debt. 1040 easy form 2012 All other debt is nonrecourse debt. 1040 easy form 2012 If you are not personally liable for the debt, you do not have ordinary income from the cancellation of debt unless you retain the collateral and either: The lender offers a discount for the early payment of the debt, or The lender agrees to a loan modification that results in the reduction of the principal balance of the debt. 1040 easy form 2012 See Discounts and loan modifications , later. 1040 easy form 2012 However, upon the disposition of the property securing a nonrecourse debt, the amount realized includes the entire unpaid amount of the debt, not just the FMV of the property. 1040 easy form 2012 As a result, you may realize a gain or loss if the outstanding debt immediately before the disposition is more or less than your adjusted basis in the property. 1040 easy form 2012 For more details on figuring your gain or loss, see chapter 2 of this publication or see Publication 544. 1040 easy form 2012 There are several exceptions and exclusions that may result in part or all of a canceled debt being nontaxable. 1040 easy form 2012 See Exceptions and Exclusions, later. 1040 easy form 2012 You must report any taxable canceled debt as ordinary income on: Form 1040 or Form 1040NR, line 21, if the debt is a nonbusiness debt; Schedule C (Form 1040), line 6 (or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040), line 1), if the debt is related to a nonfarm sole proprietorship; Schedule E (Form 1040), line 3, if the debt is related to nonfarm rental of real property; Form 4835, line 6, if the debt is related to a farm rental activity for which you use Form 4835 to report farm rental income based on crops or livestock produced by a tenant; or Schedule F (Form 1040), line 8, if the debt is farm debt and you are a farmer. 1040 easy form 2012 Form 1099-C If you receive a Form 1099-C, that means an applicable entity has reported an identifiable event to the IRS regarding a debt you owe. 1040 easy form 2012 The identifiable event may be an actual cancellation of the debt or it may be an event the applicable entity is required, solely for purposes of reporting to the IRS, to treat as a cancellation of debt. 1040 easy form 2012 For information on the reasons an applicable entity files Form 1099-C, see Identifiable event codes, later. 1040 easy form 2012 Unless you meet one of the exceptions or exclusions discussed later, this canceled debt is ordinary income and must be reported on the appropriate form discussed above. 1040 easy form 2012 An applicable entity includes: A federal government agency, A financial institution, A credit union, and Any organization a significant trade or business of which is lending money. 1040 easy form 2012 Identifiable event codes. 1040 easy form 2012    Box 6 of Form 1099-C should indicate the reason the creditor filed this form. 1040 easy form 2012 The codes shown in box 6 are explained below. 1040 easy form 2012 Also see the chart after the explanation for a quick reference guide for the codes used in Box 6. 1040 easy form 2012 Note. 1040 easy form 2012 Codes A through G and I identify specific occurrences resulting from an actual discharge of indebtedness. 1040 easy form 2012 However, Code H, Expiration of nonpayment testing period, does not necessarily identify an actual discharge of indebtedness. 1040 easy form 2012 Code A — Bankruptcy. 1040 easy form 2012 Code A is used to identify cancellation of debt as a result of a title 11 bankruptcy case. 1040 easy form 2012 See Bankruptcy , later. 1040 easy form 2012 Code B — Other judicial debt relief. 1040 easy form 2012 Code B is used to identify cancellation of debt as a result of a receivership, foreclosure, or similar federal or state court proceeding other than bankruptcy. 1040 easy form 2012 Code C — Statute of limitations or expiration of deficiency period. 1040 easy form 2012 Code C is used to identify cancellation of debt either when the statute of limitations for collecting the debt expires or when the statutory period for filing a claim or beginning a deficiency judgment proceeding expires. 1040 easy form 2012 In the case of the expiration of a statute of limitations, an identifiable event occurs only if and when your affirmative defense of the statute of limitations is upheld in a final judgment or decision in a judicial proceeding, and the period for appealing the judgment or decision has expired. 1040 easy form 2012 Code D — Foreclosure election. 1040 easy form 2012 Code D is used to identify cancellation of debt when the creditor elects foreclosure remedies that statutorily end or bar the creditor's right to pursue collection of the debt. 1040 easy form 2012 This event applies to a mortgage lender or holder who is barred from pursuing debt collection after a power of sale in the mortgage or deed of trust is exercised. 1040 easy form 2012 Code E — Debt relief from probate or similar proceeding. 1040 easy form 2012 Code E is used to identify cancellation of debt as a result of a probate court or similar legal proceeding. 1040 easy form 2012 Code F — By agreement. 1040 easy form 2012 Code F is used to identify cancellation of debt as a result of an agreement between the creditor and the debtor to cancel the debt at less than full consideration. 1040 easy form 2012 Code G — Decision or policy to discontinue collection. 1040 easy form 2012 Code G is used to identify cancellation of debt as a result of a decision or a defined policy of the creditor to discontinue collection activity and cancel the debt. 1040 easy form 2012 For purposes of this identifiable event, a defined policy includes both a written policy and the creditor's established business practice. 1040 easy form 2012 Code H — Expiration of nonpayment testing period. 1040 easy form 2012 Code H is used to indicate that the creditor has not received a payment on the debt during a testing period ending on December 31, 2013. 1040 easy form 2012 The testing period is a 36-month period increased by the number of months the creditor was prevented from engaging in collection activity by a stay in bankruptcy or similar bar under state or local law. 1040 easy form 2012 This identifiable event applies only for a creditor that is a financial institution or credit union (and certain of their subsidiaries), the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC), National Credit Union Administration (NCUA), and other Federal executive agencies. 1040 easy form 2012 Expiration of the nonpayment testing period does not necessarily result from an actual discharge of indebtedness. 1040 easy form 2012 Code I — Other actual discharge before identifiable event. 1040 easy form 2012 Code I is used to identify an actual cancellation of debt that occurs before any of the identifiable events described in codes A through H. 1040 easy form 2012 Form 1099-C Reference Guide for Box 6 Identifiable Event Codes A Bankruptcy B Other judicial debt relief C Statute of limitations or expiration of deficiency period D Foreclosure election E Debt relief from probate or similar proceeding F By agreement G Decision or policy to discontinue collection H Expiration of nonpayment testing period I Other actual discharge before identifiable event Even if you did not receive a Form 1099-C, you must report canceled debt as gross income on your tax return unless one of the exceptions or exclusions described later applies. 1040 easy form 2012 Amount of canceled debt. 1040 easy form 2012    The amount in box 2 of Form 1099-C may represent some or all of the debt that has been canceled or treated as canceled. 1040 easy form 2012 The amount in box 2 will include principal and may include interest and other nonprincipal amounts (such as fees or penalties). 1040 easy form 2012 Unless you meet one of the exceptions or exclusions discussed later, the amount of the debt that has been canceled is ordinary income and must be reported on the appropriate form as discussed earlier. 1040 easy form 2012 Interest included in canceled debt. 1040 easy form 2012    If any interest is included in the amount of canceled debt in box 2, it will be shown in box 3. 1040 easy form 2012 Whether the interest portion of the canceled debt must be included in your income depends on whether the interest would be deductible if you paid it. 1040 easy form 2012 See Deductible Debt under Exceptions, later. 1040 easy form 2012 Persons who each receive a Form 1099-C showing the full amount of debt. 1040 easy form 2012    If you and another person were jointly and severally liable for a canceled debt, each of you may get a Form 1099-C showing the entire amount of the canceled debt. 1040 easy form 2012 However, you may not have to report that entire amount as income. 1040 easy form 2012 The amount, if any, you must report depends on all the facts and circumstances, including: State law, The amount of debt proceeds each person received, How much of any interest deduction from the debt was claimed by each person, How much of the basis of any co-owned property bought with the debt proceeds was allocated to each co-owner, and Whether the canceled debt qualifies for any of the exceptions or exclusions described in this publication. 1040 easy form 2012 See Example 3 under Insolvency, later. 1040 easy form 2012 Discounts and loan modifications If a lender discounts (reduces) the principal balance of a loan because you pay it off early, or agrees to a loan modification (a “workout”) that includes a reduction in the principal balance of a loan, the amount of the discount or the amount of principal reduction is canceled debt. 1040 easy form 2012 However, if the debt is nonrecourse and you did not retain the collateral, you do not have cancellation of the debt income. 1040 easy form 2012 The amount of the canceled debt must be included in income unless one of the exceptions or exclusions described later applies. 1040 easy form 2012 For more details, see Exceptions and Exclusions, later. 1040 easy form 2012 Sales or other dispositions (such as foreclosures and repossessions) Recourse debt. 1040 easy form 2012   If you owned property that was subject to a recourse debt in excess of the FMV of the property, the lender's foreclosure or repossession of the property is treated as a sale or disposition of the property by you and may result in your realization of gain or loss. 1040 easy form 2012 The gain or loss on the disposition of the property is measured by the difference between the FMV of the property at the time of the disposition and your adjusted basis (usually your cost) in the property. 1040 easy form 2012 The character of the gain or loss (such as ordinary or capital) is determined by the character of the property. 1040 easy form 2012 If the lender forgives all or part of the amount of the debt in excess of the FMV of the property, the cancellation of the excess debt may result in ordinary income. 1040 easy form 2012 The ordinary income from the cancellation of debt (the excess of the canceled debt over the FMV of the property) must be included in your gross income reported on your tax return unless one of the exceptions or exclusions described later applies. 1040 easy form 2012 For more details, see Exceptions and Exclusions, later. 1040 easy form 2012 Nonrecourse debt. 1040 easy form 2012   If you owned property that was subject to a nonrecourse debt in excess of the FMV of the property, the lender's foreclosure on the property does not result in ordinary income from the cancellation of debt. 1040 easy form 2012 The entire amount of the nonrecourse debt is treated as an amount realized on the disposition of the property. 1040 easy form 2012 The gain or loss on the disposition of the property is measured by the difference between the total amount realized (the entire amount of the nonrecourse debt plus the amount of cash and the FMV of any property received) and your adjusted basis in the property. 1040 easy form 2012 The character of the gain or loss is determined by the character of the property. 1040 easy form 2012 More information. 1040 easy form 2012    See Publications 523, 544, and 551, and chapter 2 of this publication for more details. 1040 easy form 2012 Abandonments Recourse debt. 1040 easy form 2012   If you abandon property that secures a debt for which you are personally liable (recourse debt) and the debt is canceled, you will realize ordinary income equal to the canceled debt. 1040 easy form 2012 You must report this income on your tax return unless one of the exceptions or exclusions described later applies. 1040 easy form 2012 For more details, see Exceptions and Exclusions, later. 1040 easy form 2012 This income is separate from any amount realized from the abandonment of the property. 1040 easy form 2012 For more details, see chapter 3. 1040 easy form 2012 Nonrecourse debt. 1040 easy form 2012   If you abandon property that secures a debt for which you are not personally liable (nonrecourse debt), you may realize gain or loss but will not have cancellation of indebtedness income. 1040 easy form 2012 Stockholder debt If you are a stockholder in a corporation and the corporation cancels or forgives your debt to it, the canceled debt is a constructive distribution. 1040 easy form 2012 For more information, see Publication 542, Corporations. 1040 easy form 2012 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online 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Charity and Nonprofit Audits

This web page will explain the IRS audit process for charities and other nonprofit organizations. IRS Exempt Organizations is continuously exploring how to improve our service to charities and other nonprofit organizations, and we hope you will find the information on this page useful.

You’ve probably reached this page because your charity or other nonprofit organization received a letter or phone call from IRS Exempt Organizations (EO) Examinations saying it had been selected for a review of its returns. The type of review is one of the following:

  • Audits: The IRS conducts two types of audits--

  • Non-audits: If the letter indicates the IRS is conducting a compliance check, then you're not being audited.

    Note: The IRS also sometimes asks organizations to complete questionnaires to help us better understand how organizations satisfy federal tax law requirements. Neither compliance checks nor compliance check questionnaires are audits.

Organizations are selected for reviews for a variety of reasons, and the scope of the audit or compliance check will vary based on the type of review.

An audit starts with the initial contact and continues until a closing letter is issued. A compliance check or compliance check questionnaire starts with the initial contact. The IRS may contact the organization again if the IRS needs further information, or if the organization does not respond to the compliance check or questionnaire. The IRS typically issues a closing letter at the end of a compliance check, but not at the end of a compliance check questionnaire.

Taxpayer rights:

Additional information - charity and nonprofit audits

Additional information - IRS Exempt Organizations

Other IRS-wide considerations:

Page Last Reviewed or Updated: 26-Nov-2013

The 1040 Easy Form 2012

1040 easy form 2012 1. 1040 easy form 2012   Organizations Subject to the Tax Table of Contents The tax on unrelated business income applies to most organizations exempt from tax under section 501(a). 1040 easy form 2012 These organizations include charitable, religious, scientific, and other organizations described in section 501(c), as well as employees' trusts forming part of pension, profit-sharing, and stock bonus plans described in section 401(a). 1040 easy form 2012 In addition, the following are subject to the tax on unrelated business income. 1040 easy form 2012 Individual retirement arrangements (IRAs), including traditional IRAs, Roth IRAs, Coverdell IRAs, simplified employee pensions (SEP-IRAs), and savings incentive match plans for employees (SIMPLE IRAs). 1040 easy form 2012 State and municipal colleges and universities. 1040 easy form 2012 Qualified state tuition programs. 1040 easy form 2012 Medical savings accounts (MSAs) described in section 220(d). 1040 easy form 2012 Coverdell savings accounts described in section 530. 1040 easy form 2012 U. 1040 easy form 2012 S. 1040 easy form 2012 instrumentalities. 1040 easy form 2012   A corporation that is a U. 1040 easy form 2012 S. 1040 easy form 2012 instrumentality described in section 501(c)(1) is not subject to the tax on unrelated business income if the corporation is organized under an Act of Congress and, under the Act, is exempt from federal income taxes. 1040 easy form 2012 Colleges and universities. 1040 easy form 2012   Colleges and universities that are agencies or instrumentalities of any government or any political subdivision of a government, or that are owned or operated by a government or political subdivision of a government, are subject to the tax on unrelated business income. 1040 easy form 2012 As used here, the word government includes any foreign government (to the extent not contrary to a treaty) and all domestic governments (the United States and any of its possessions, any state, and the District of Columbia). 1040 easy form 2012   The tax is on the unrelated business income of both the universities and colleges themselves and on their wholly owned tax exempt subsidiary organizations. 1040 easy form 2012 It is immaterial whether the business is conducted by the university or by a separately incorporated wholly owned subsidiary. 1040 easy form 2012 If the business activity is unrelated, the income in both instances will be subject to the tax. 1040 easy form 2012 If the primary purpose of a wholly owned subsidiary is to operate or conduct any unrelated trade or business (other than holding title to property and collecting income from it), the subsidiary is not an exempt organization, and this rule does not apply. 1040 easy form 2012 Title-holding corporations. 1040 easy form 2012   When an exempt title-holding corporation, described in section 501(c)(2), pays any of its net income to an organization that itself is exempt from tax under section 501(a) (or would pay such an amount except that the expenses of collecting its income exceed the amount collected) and files a consolidated return with that organization, the title-holding corporation is treated, for unrelated business income tax purposes, as organized and operated for the same purposes as the exempt payee organization. 1040 easy form 2012   Thus, a title-holding corporation whose source of income is related to the exempt purposes of the payee organization is not subject to the unrelated business income tax if the holding corporation and the payee organization file a consolidated return. 1040 easy form 2012 However, if the source of the income is not so related, the title-holding corporation is subject to unrelated business income tax. 1040 easy form 2012 Example. 1040 easy form 2012 X, a title-holding corporation, is required to distribute its net income to A, an exempt organization. 1040 easy form 2012 During the tax year, X realizes net income of $900,000 from source M, which is related to A's exempt function. 1040 easy form 2012 X also receives $100,000 from source N, which is not related to A's exempt function. 1040 easy form 2012 X and A file a consolidated return for the tax year. 1040 easy form 2012 X has unrelated business income of $100,000. 1040 easy form 2012 Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications